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Ecology ; 100(1): e02542, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341991


This dataset provides the Global Naturalized Alien Flora (GloNAF) database, version 1.2. GloNAF represents a data compendium on the occurrence and identity of naturalized alien vascular plant taxa across geographic regions (e.g. countries, states, provinces, districts, islands) around the globe. The dataset includes 13,939 taxa and covers 1,029 regions (including 381 islands). The dataset is based on 210 data sources. For each taxon-by-region combination, we provide information on whether the taxon is considered to be naturalized in the specific region (i.e. has established self-sustaining populations in the wild). Non-native taxa are marked as "alien", when it is not clear whether they are naturalized. To facilitate alignment with other plant databases, we provide for each taxon the name as given in the original data source and the standardized taxon and family names used by The Plant List Version 1.1 ( We provide an ESRI shapefile including polygons for each region and information on whether it is an island or a mainland region, the country and the Taxonomic Databases Working Group (TDWG) regions it is part of (TDWG levels 1-4). We also provide several variables that can be used to filter the data according to quality and completeness of alien taxon lists, which vary among the combinations of regions and data sources. A previous version of the GloNAF dataset (version 1.1) has already been used in several studies on, for example, historical spatial flows of taxa between continents and geographical patterns and determinants of naturalization across different taxonomic groups. We intend the updated and expanded GloNAF version presented here to be a global resource useful for studying plant invasions and changes in biodiversity from regional to global scales. We release these data into the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero license waiver ( When you use the data in your publication, we request that you cite this data paper. If GloNAF is a major part of the data analyzed in your study, you should consider inviting the GloNAF core team (see Metadata S1: Originators in the Overall project description) as collaborators. If you plan to use the GloNAF dataset, we encourage you to contact the GloNAF core team to check whether there have been recent updates of the dataset, and whether similar analyses are already ongoing.

Nature ; 525(7567): 100-3, 2015 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26287466


All around the globe, humans have greatly altered the abiotic and biotic environment with ever-increasing speed. One defining feature of the Anthropocene epoch is the erosion of biogeographical barriers by human-mediated dispersal of species into new regions, where they can naturalize and cause ecological, economic and social damage. So far, no comprehensive analysis of the global accumulation and exchange of alien plant species between continents has been performed, primarily because of a lack of data. Here we bridge this knowledge gap by using a unique global database on the occurrences of naturalized alien plant species in 481 mainland and 362 island regions. In total, 13,168 plant species, corresponding to 3.9% of the extant global vascular flora, or approximately the size of the native European flora, have become naturalized somewhere on the globe as a result of human activity. North America has accumulated the largest number of naturalized species, whereas the Pacific Islands show the fastest increase in species numbers with respect to their land area. Continents in the Northern Hemisphere have been the major donors of naturalized alien species to all other continents. Our results quantify for the first time the extent of plant naturalizations worldwide, and illustrate the urgent need for globally integrated efforts to control, manage and understand the spread of alien species.

Biodiversidade , Mapeamento Geográfico , Espécies Introduzidas/estatística & dados numéricos , Plantas , Bases de Dados Factuais , América do Norte , Ilhas do Pacífico , Filogeografia
Biota neotrop. (Online, Ed. port.) ; 10(4): 205-213, Oct.-Dec. 2010. graf, mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-578500


In Uruguay, as well as in other regions of the world, IAS cause negative impacts on natural and managed ecosystems. The use of databases is a helpful tool to elaborate different strategies for prevention and control, and to develop policies and scientific analyses related to IAS. The database of IAS in Uruguay (InBUy) was developed during two time periods (2006-2007 and 2009-2010). It currently contains information on 33 specialists of different taxonomic groups, 14 research projects, 185 references, 351 species and 4,715 records, with vascular plants having both the highest number of species and records. Among vascular plants, herbaceous life forms are the most strongly represented, followed by trees and shrubs. Within animals, the fishes and mollusks are the most important groups. Analysis of the native distribution areas of IAS showed that most are indigenous from Europe, followed by Asia and Oceania. Data showed that introductions of IAS into Uruguay are mainly intentional (67 percent), so efforts should be focused on policies and rules in order to control the entrance of exotic organisms and prevent new invasions. The geography of the compiled dataset shows the main impact is along the coastline, where the highest exotic species richness and records occurs, and also the most biological invasions. The InBUy database is up-to-date and has successfully contributed to the creation of an official IAS list for Uruguay and both a National and a Coastal Geographic Information System. It has also been used for developing consciousness about this important threat to biodiversity, at both national and regional scales.

En Uruguay, al igual que en otras partes del mundo, las EEI han causado impactos negativos sobre los sistemas naturales y productivos. El uso de bases de datos a nivel mundial es una herramienta útil para elaborar estrategias de prevención y control, y para desarrollar políticas y análisis científicos en relación a las EEI. La base de datos de EEI en Uruguay (InBUy) fue desarrollada durante dos períodos (2006-2007 y 2009-2010). Actualmente contiene información de 33 especialistas de diferentes grupos taxonómicos, 14 proyectos de investigación, 185 referencias bibliográficas, 351 especies y 4715 registros, donde las plantas vasculares presentan el mayor número de especies y registros. Entre las plantas vasculares, las herbáceas son la forma de vida más representada, seguida por árboles y arbustos. Dentro de los animales, los peces y moluscos son los grupos más importantes. El origen geográfico de las EEI muestra que la mayoría son nativas de Europa, seguido por Asia y Oceanía. Los datos recabados muestran que la introducción de EEI a Uruguay es mayormente intencional (67 por ciento), por tanto los esfuerzos deberían ser focalizados en políticas y reglamentaciones para controlar el ingreso de organismos exóticos y prevenir nuevas invasiones biológicas. Por otra parte, los datos muestran un impacto mayor sobre los ambientes costeros, donde fue registrado el mayor número de especies y registros, así como el mayor número de invasiones biológicas. Hasta la fecha, la base de datos InBUy ha contribuido exitosamente en la conformación de una lista oficial de EEI para Uruguay, y en la construcción de un Sistema Geográfico de Información Nacional y Costero. Asimismo, ha contribuido a la concientización a través de políticas de divulgación acerca de esta importante amenaza sobre la conservación de la biodiversidad, tanto a escala nacional como regional.