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1.
J Food Prot ; 86(9): 100128, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37442229

RESUMO

The presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in dairy products made with raw milk is a major concern for food safety authorities and industries. Two approaches have been proposed to isolate STEC from food. In the IC-Protocol (immuno-concentration protocol), specific serogroups are identified in the enrichment broth after the detection of the stx and eae genes. An immuno-concentration of the targeted serogroups is performed before isolating them on specific media. In the DI-Protocol (direct isolation protocol), a direct isolation of all STEC present in the enrichment broth is carried out after the detection of stx genes. We compared the ability of these two methods to isolate STEC O26:H11, O103:H2, O111:H8, O145:H28, and O157:H7 after artificial inoculation in four different raw milk cheeses. Across all serogroups and cheese types, STEC were isolated in 83.3% of samples when using the IC-Protocol but only 53.3% of samples with the DI-Protocol. For two cheese types, the DI-Protocol failed to isolate STEC O157:H7 strains altogether. Our results suggest that IC-Protocol is a robust methodology to effectively isolate STEC across a range of cheese types.


Assuntos
Queijo , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Leite , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/classificação , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/genética , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Leite/microbiologia , Queijo/microbiologia , Sorotipagem , Reações Falso-Negativas
2.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 852475, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411306

RESUMO

Cattle are carriers, without clinical manifestations, of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 responsible for life-threatening infections in humans. A better identification of factors playing a role in maintaining persistence of such strains in cattle is required to develop more effective control measures. Hence, we conducted a study to identify farms with a persistent circulation of EHEC O157:H7. The EHEC O157:H7 herd status of 13 farms, which had previously provided bovine EHEC O157:H7 carriers at slaughter was investigated. Two farms were still housing positive young bulls, and this was true over a 1-year period. Only one fecal sample could be considered from a supershedder, and 60% of the carriers shed concentrations below 10 MPN/g. Moreover, EHEC O157:H7 represented minor subpopulations of E. coli. PFGE analysis of the EHEC O157:H7 strains showed that persistent circulation was due either to the persistence of a few predominant strains or to the repeated exposure of cattle to various strains. Finally, we compared fecal microbial communities of shedders (S) (n = 24) and non-shedders (NS) (n = 28), including 43 young bulls and nine cows, from one farm. Regarding alpha diversity, no significant difference between S vs. NS young bulls (n = 43) was observed. At the genus level, we identified 10 amplicon sequence variant (ASV) indicators of the S or NS groups. The bacterial indicators of S belonged to the family XIII UCG-001, Slackia, and Campylobacter genera, and Ruminococcaceae NK4A21A, Lachnospiraceae-UGC-010, and Lachnospiraceae-GCA-900066575 groups. The NS group indicator ASVs were affiliated to Pirellulaceae-1088-a5 gut group, Anaerovibrio, Victivallis, and Sellimonas genera. In conclusion, the characteristics enhancing the persistence of some predominant strains observed here should be explored further, and studies focused on mechanisms of competition among E. coli strains are also needed.

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