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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(1): 1492-1501, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38153799

RESUMO

Piezoelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and its copolymers have been widely investigated for applications in wearable electric devices and sensing systems, owing to their intrinsic piezoelectricity and superior flexibility. However, their weak piezoelectricity poses major challenges for practical applications. To overcome these challenges, we propose a two-step synthesis approach to fabricate sandwich-structured piezoelectric films (BaTiO3@PDA/PVDF/BaTiO3@PDA) with significantly enhanced ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties. As compared to pristine PVDF films or conventional 0-3 composite films, a maximum polarization (Pmax) of 11.24 µC/cm2, a remanent polarization (Pr) of 5.83 µC/cm2, and an enhanced piezoelectric coefficient (d33 ∼ 14.6 pC/N) were achieved. Simulation and experimental results have demonstrated that the sandwich structure enhances the ability of composite films to withstand higher poling electric fields in comparison with 0-3 composites. The sandwich-structured piezoelectric films are further integrated into a wireless sensor system with a high force sensitivity of 288 mV/N, demonstrating great potential for movement monitoring applications. This facile approach shows great promise for the large-scale production of composite films with remarkable flexibility, ferroelectricity, and piezoelectricity for wearable sensing devices.

2.
Adv Mater ; 35(47): e2211026, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37796177

RESUMO

Conventional indirect X-ray detectors employ scintillating phosphors to convert X-ray photons into photodiode-detectable visible photons, leading to low conversion efficiencies, low spatial resolutions, and optical crosstalk. Consequently, X-ray detectors that directly convert photons into electric signals have long been desired for high-performance medical imaging and industrial inspection. Although emerging hybrid inorganic-organic halide perovskites, such as CH3 NH3 PbI3 and CH3 NH3 PbBr3 , exhibit high sensitivity, they have salient drawbacks including structural instability, ion motion, and the use of toxic Pb. Here, this work reports an ultrastable, low-dose X-ray detector comprising KTaO3 perovskite films epitaxially grown on a Nb-doped strontium titanate substrate using a low-cost solution method. The detector exhibits a stable photocurrent under high-dose irradiation, high-temperature (200 °C), and aqueous conditions. Moreover, the prototype KTaO3 -film-based detector exhibits a 150-fold higher sensitivity (3150 µC Gyair -1 cm-2 ) and 150-fold lower detection limit (<40 nGyair s-1 ) than those of commercial α-Se-based direct detectors. Systematic investigations reveal that the high stability of the detector originates from the strong covalent bonds within the KTaO3 film, whereas the low detection limit is due to a lattice-gradient-driven built-in electric field and the high insulating property of KTaO3 film. This study unveils a new path toward the fabrication of green, stable, and low-dose X-ray detectors using oxide perovskite films, which have significant application potential in medical imaging and security operations.

3.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 2341, 2023 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37095113

RESUMO

Solution growth of single-crystal ferroelectric oxide films has long been pursued for the low-cost development of high-performance electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, the established principles of vapor-phase epitaxy cannot be directly applied to solution epitaxy, as the interactions between the substrates and the grown materials in solution are quite different. Here, we report the successful epitaxy of single-domain ferroelectric oxide films on Nb-doped SrTiO3 single-crystal substrates by solution reaction at a low temperature of ~200 oC. The epitaxy is mainly driven by an electronic polarization screening effect at the interface between the substrates and the as-grown ferroelectric oxide films, which is realized by the electrons from the doped substrates. Atomic-level characterization reveals a nontrivial polarization gradient throughout the films in a long range up to ~500 nm because of a possible structural transition from the monoclinic phase to the tetragonal phase. This polarization gradient generates an extremely high photovoltaic short-circuit current density of ~2.153 mA/cm2 and open-circuit voltage of ~1.15 V under 375 nm light illumination with power intensity of 500 mW/cm2, corresponding to the highest photoresponsivity of ~4.306×10-3 A/W among all known ferroelectrics. Our results establish a general low-temperature solution route to produce single-crystal gradient films of ferroelectric oxides and thus open the avenue for their broad applications in self-powered photo-detectors, photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices.

4.
Nature ; 613(7945): 656-661, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653455

RESUMO

Domain-wall nanoelectronics is considered to be a new paradigm for non-volatile memory and logic technologies in which domain walls, rather than domains, serve as an active element. Especially interesting are charged domain walls in ferroelectric structures, which have subnanometre thicknesses and exhibit non-trivial electronic and transport properties that are useful for various nanoelectronics applications1-3. The ability to deterministically create and manipulate charged domain walls is essential to realize their functional properties in electronic devices. Here we report a strategy for the controllable creation and manipulation of in-plane charged domain walls in BiFeO3 ferroelectric films a few nanometres thick. By using an in situ biasing technique within a scanning transmission electron microscope, an unconventional layer-by-layer switching mechanism is detected in which ferroelectric domain growth occurs in the direction parallel to an applied electric field. Based on atomically resolved electron energy-loss spectroscopy, in situ charge mapping by in-line electron holography and theoretical calculations, we show that oxygen vacancies accumulating at the charged domain walls are responsible for the domain-wall stability and motion. Voltage control of the in-plane domain-wall position within a BiFeO3 film gives rise to multiple non-volatile resistance states, thus demonstrating the key functional property of being a memristor a few unit cells thick. These results promote a better understanding of ferroelectric switching behaviour and provide a new strategy for creating unit-cell-scale devices.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(44): 20342-20350, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36287043

RESUMO

Ferroelectric materials hold great promise in the field of photocatalytic water splitting due to their spontaneous polarization that sets up an inherent internal field for the spatial separation of photogenerated charges. The ferroelectric polarization, however, is generally accompanied by some intrinsic defects, particularly oxygen vacancies, whose impact upon photocatalysis is far from being fully understood and modulated. Here, we have studied the role of oxygen vacancies over the photocatalytic behavior of single-domain PbTiO3 through a combination of theoretical and experimental viewpoints. Our results indicate that the oxygen vacancies in the negatively polarized facet (001) are active sites for water oxidation into O2, while the defect-free sites prefer H2O2 as the oxidation product. The apparent quantum yield at 435 nm for photocatalytic overall water splitting with PbTiO3/Rh/Cr2O3 is determined to be 0.025%, which is remarkable for single undoped metal oxide-based photocatalysts. Furthermore, the strong correlation among oxygen vacancies, polarization strength, and photocatalytic activity is properly reflected by charge separation conditions in the single-domain PbTiO3. This work clarifies the crucial role of oxygen vacancies during photocatalytic reactions of PbTiO3, which provides a useful guide to the design of efficient ferroelectric photocatalysts and their water redox reaction pathways.

6.
Adv Mater ; 34(30): e2202072, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35580350

RESUMO

Surface oxygen vacancies have been widely discussed to be crucial for tailoring the activity of various chemical reactions from CO, NO, to water oxidation by using oxide-supported catalysts. However, the real role and potential function of surface oxygen vacancies in the reaction remains unclear because of their very short lifetime. Here, it is reported that surface oxygen vacancies can be well confined electrostatically for a polarization screening near the perimeter interface between Pt {111} nanocrystals and the negative polar surface (001) of ferroelectric PbTiO3. Strikingly, such a catalyst demonstrates a tunable catalytic CO oxidation kinetics from 200 °C to near room temperature by increasing the O2 gas pressure, accompanied by the conversion curve from a hysteresis-free loop to one with hysteresis. The combination of reaction kinetics, electronic energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) analysis, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, indicates that the oxygen vacancies stabilized by the negative polar surface are the active sites for O2 adsorption as a rate-determining step, and then dissociated O moves to the surface of the Pt nanocrystals for oxidizing adsorbed CO. The results open a new pathway for tunable catalytic activity of CO oxidation.

7.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578611

RESUMO

In this work, octahedral shaped PbTiO3-TiO2 nanocomposites have been synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method, where perovskite ferroelectric PbTiO3 nanooctahedra were employed as substrate. The microstructures of the composites were investigated systemically by using XRD, SEM, TEM and UV-Vis spectroscopy. It was revealed that anantase TiO2 nanocrystals with a size of about 5 nm are dispersed on the surface of the {111} facets of the nanooctahedron crystals. Photocatalytic hydrogen production of the nanocomposites has been evaluated in a methanol alcohol-water solution under UV light enhanced irradiation. The H2 evolution rate of the nanocomposites increased with an increased loading of TiO2 on the nanooctahedra. The highest H2 evolution rate was 630.51 µmol/h with the highest concentration of TiO2 prepared with 2 mL tetrabutyl titanate, which was about 36 times higher than that of the octahedron substrate. The enhanced photocatalytic reactivity of the nanocomposites is possibly ascribed to the UV light absorption of the nanooctahedral substrates, efficient separation of photo-generated carriers via the interface and the reaction on the surface of the TiO2 nanocrystals.

8.
Adv Mater ; 33(29): e2006836, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096113

RESUMO

Macromolecular films are crucial functional materials widely used in the fields of mechanics, electronics, optoelectronics, and biology, due to their superior properties of chemical stability, small density, high flexibility, and solution-processing ability. Their electronic and mechanical properties, however, are typically much lower than those of crystalline materials, as the macromolecular films have no long-range structural ordering. The state-of-the-art for producing highly ordered macromolecular films is still facing a great challenge due to the complex interactions between adjacent macromolecules. Here, the growth of textured macromolecular films on a designed graphene/high-index copper (Cu) surface is demonstrated. This successful growth is driven by a patterned potential that originates from the different amounts of charge transfer between the graphene and Cu surfaces with, alternately, terraces and step edges. The textured films exhibit a remarkable improvement in remnant ferroelectric polarization and fracture strength. It is also demonstrated that this growth mechanism is universal for different macromolecules. As meter-scale graphene/high-index Cu substrates have recently become available, the results open a new regime for the production and applications of highly ordered macromolecular films with obvious merits of high production and low cost.

9.
IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med ; 8: 2500107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32461841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Closed-loop neuromodulation based on bladder pressure is an effective therapy for lower urinary tract dysfunction. The catheter-based cystometry normally used for bladder pressure measurement is not conducive to patient health because it will bring great mental stress to the patient and increase the risk of infection. METHOD: This paper designs and implements an implantable wireless and batteryless bladder pressure monitor system that monitors bladder storage in real time by implanting a miniature packaged sensor which transmits the feedback signal to the external receiver through BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy). The implanted part is powered by a dedicated magnetic resonance based wireless power transmission system, which means no battery is needed. RESULTS: The maximum distance to which power can be transmitted is 7cm. The in vitro experiment proves that the system performance can meet the requirement of bladder pressure monitoring. The animal experiment uses rabbits as a model to verify the effectiveness of the system. After implantation, this system can work for a long time without replacing the battery. CONCLUSION: This system can monitor the pressure of the bladder and provide a basis for Closed-loop neuromodulation in patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction.

10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(7): 1903512, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274323

RESUMO

Therapeutic systems to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) have received tremendous success in the research of tumor theranostics, but suffered daunting challenges in limited efficacy originating from low presence of reactants and reaction kinetics within cancer cells. Here, ferrous sulfide-embedded bovine serum albumin (FeS@BSA) nanoclusters, in an amorphous nature, are designed and synthesized via a self-assembly approach. In acidic conditions, the nanoclusters degrade and simultaneously release H2S gas and Fe2+ ions. The in vitro study using Huh7 cancer cells reveals that Fe2+ released from FeS@BSA nanoclusters induces the toxic hydroxyl radical (·OH) effectively via the Fenton reaction. More interestingly, H2S gas released intracellularly presents the specific suppression effect to catalase activity of cancer cells, resulting in the promoted presence of H2O2 that facilitates the Fenton reaction of Fe2+ and consequently promotes ROS induction within the cells remarkably. After intravenous administration, the nanoclusters accumulate in the tumors of mice via the enhanced permeability and retention effect and present strong magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals. The findings confirm this therapeutic system can enable superior anti-tumor performance with MRI guidance and negligible side effects. This study, therefore, offers an alternative gas-amplified ROS-based therapeutic platform for synergetic tumor treatment.

12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 254: 112523, 2020 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884033

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chinese patent medicine Zhixiong Capsule (ZXC) is the equal mixture of the extract of leech, Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort., Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, Leonurus japonicus Houtt., and Pueraria lobate (Willd.) Ohwi, which have been long used against inflammation, hyperlipidemia or blood stasis. In our previous study, ZXC showed good efficacy in preventing atherosclerosis (AS) plaque formation in rabbits. AIM OF THE STUDY: In actual clinic practice, patients are more likely to receive treatments after AS plaque formation. Therefore, the efficacy of ZXC on formed AS plaques and the underlying mechanisms were further investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Simvastatin (positive control) and ZXC (420 mg/kg and 840 mg/kg) were administrated to rats which first received long-term high fat diet administration (12 weeks). The blood lipid profiles of rats were monitored during the whole experiment, and the thoracic arteries were collected at the end of experiment for AS assessment (18th week). The blood-dissolved ZXC components were determined using an UPLC-QTOF-MS method, and the attained components were then used for network pharmacology analysis to predict the key ZXC components and targets. At last, the predicted targets were validated by ELISA and western blot methods. RESULTS: ZXC administration showed good blood lipid-lowering effect by significantly reduced LDL-C and TC levels in rats while significantly increased HDL-C level. Compared with model group, simvastatin, low- and high-dose of ZXC administration decreased the ratio of intimal area and medial area by 81.1%, 71.1% and 71.4%, respectively (p < 0.01), and significantly alleviated collagen deposition and mineralization in rat arteries. It was found by network pharmacology analysis that leech and four components (namely daidzein, 4-methylenemiltirone, isorhamnetin and 2-isopropyl-8-methylphenanthrene-3,4-dione) are vital components for the anti-AS efficacy of ZXC. Combing the results from biochemical validation, IL-4, IL-13, MAPK1, MAPK14, JUN and P53 were confirmed as key targets of ZXC. CONCLUSION: It could be concluded that ZXC has value as an anti-AS agent in clinical treatment against formed AS plaque at the current application dosage.


Assuntos
Placa Aterosclerótica/tratamento farmacológico , Artérias Torácicas/patologia , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Ratos , Sinvastatina/uso terapêutico
13.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 65(24): 2094-2099, 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732962

RESUMO

Oxide heterointerface is a platform to create unprecedented two-dimensional electron gas, superconductivity and ferromagnetism, arising from a polar discontinuity at the interface. In particular, the ability to tune these intriguing effects paves a way to elucidate their fundamental physics and to develop novel electronic/magnetic devices. In this work, we report for the first time that a ferroelectric polarization screening at SrTiO3/PbTiO3 interface is able to drive an electronic construction of Ti atom, giving rise to room-temperature ferromagnetism. Surprisingly, such ferromagnetism can be switched to antiferromagnetism by applying a magnetic field, which is reversible. A coupling of itinerant electrons with local moments at interfacial Ti 3d orbital was proposed to explain the magnetism. The localization of the itinerant electrons under a magnetic field is responsible for the suppression of magnetism. These findings provide new insights into interfacial magnetism and their control by magnetic field relevant interfacial electrons promising for device applications.

14.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 65(15): 1252-1259, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36747412

RESUMO

The electric control of magnetic properties based on magnetoelectric effect is crucial for the development of future data storage devices. Here, based on first-principles calculations, a strong magnetoelectric effect is proposed to effectively switch on/off the magnetic states as well as alter the in-plane/perpendicular easy axes of metal-phthalocyanine molecules (MPc) by reversing the electric polarization of the underlying two-dimensional (2D) ferroelectric α-In2Se3 substrate with the application of an external electric field. The mechanism originates from the different hybridization between the molecule and the ferroelectric substrate in which the different electronic states of surface Se layer play a dominant role. Moreover, the magnetic moments and magnetic anisotropy energies (MAE) of OsPc/In2Se3 can be further largely enhanced by a functionalized atom atop the OsPc molecule. The I-OsPc/In2Se3 system possesses large MAE up to 30 meV at both polarization directions, which is sufficient for room-temperature applications. These findings provide a feasible scheme to realize ferroelectric control of magnetic states in 2D limit, which have great potential for applications in nanoscale electronics and spintronics.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 37256-37262, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496216

RESUMO

Facet engineering of anatase TiO2 by controlling the {001} exposure ratio has been the focus of numerous investigations to optimize photocatalytic activity. In particular, an introduction of fluoride ions during the crystal growth has been demonstrated to be very effective and decisive in realizing the facet exposure of the crystals. However, a key role of fluoride ions in stabilizing {001} exposure and improving subsequent photocatalytic activity of anatase TiO2 remains unclear up to date. Herein, a controlled thickness of anatase TiO2 nanosheets has been realized by introducing different amounts of ethanol into a HF acid-assisted hydrothermal reaction. The thinnest nanosheets with a thickness of ∼2.9 nm were evaluated to have the highest H2 production rate of 41.04 mmol·h-1·g-1 under ultraviolet light irradiation, and the corresponding quantum efficiency was determined to be 41.6% (λ = 365 nm). Moreover, it is proved for the first time that fluoride ions are bonded with Ti vacancies on {001} facets, and such defects are crucial for stabilizing the ultrathin nanosheets and improving their electron-hole separation, therefore leading to a highly efficient photocatalytic activity. The findings offer an opportunity to engineer facets and functionality of anatase TiO2 by controlling surface defects.

16.
Biomaterials ; 221: 119419, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421315

RESUMO

An unpredicted side effect of photothermal therapy (PTT) is agitated by hyperthermia which results in damage to healthy tissue. Developing PTT platforms, enabling effective tumor ablation under mild irradiation conditions, is of wide interest, but challenging. Here, we investigated bismuth crystals embedded silica (Bi@SiO2) nanoparticles, loaded with an autophagy inhibitor (chloroquine, CQ). It was found that SiO2 effectively prevented the oxidization of Bi nanocrystals in the physiological environment and could serve as a scatter layer to improve NIR absorption, enabling a high photothermal conversion efficiency (~43%) and excellent photostability. Furthermore, the findings indicated that CQ molecules, delivered intracellularly by the particles, significantly weakened the degradation of autolysosomes by lysosome within the tumor cells, thus inducing suppression effect to autophagy and resistance to photothermia. Both in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor effects were consequently promoted owing to the combined effects enabled by Bi@SiO2-CQ nanoparticles under mild NIR irradiation conditions. This study demonstrates a potential new PTT platform with superior therapeutic efficacy.


Assuntos
Bismuto/química , Nanopartículas/química , Fototerapia/métodos , Dióxido de Silício/química , Animais , Autofagia/fisiologia , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Camundongos
17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9104-9107, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298232

RESUMO

We have developed a photoluminescent membrane for microRNA detection, consisting of chemically modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles (CaF2:Yb/Ho@MSNs) attached, via single stranded DNA probes, to flexible polyurethane fibres coated with graphene oxide (GO). By detecting the release of the luminescent nanoparticles resulting from complementary co-hybridization between target miRNA sequences and the DNA probe, accurate measurements of the miRNA concentration at high sensitivity levels can be obtained. The constructs therefore offer a route to rapid detection and the potential for early cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Grafite/química , MicroRNAs/análise , Nanopartículas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície
18.
Front Neuroinform ; 13: 31, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease, which is prone to relapse and affects individuals of all ages worldwide, particularly the very young and elderly. Up to one-third of these patients are medically intractable and require resection surgery. However, the outcomes of epilepsy surgery rely upon the clear identification of epileptogenic zone (EZ). The combination of cortico-cortical evoked potential (CCEP) and electrocorticography (ECoG) provides an opportunity to observe the connectivity of human brain network and more comprehensive information that may help the clinicians localize the epileptogenic focus more precisely. However, there is no standard analysis method in the clinical application of CCEPs, especially for the quantitative analysis of abnormal connectivity of epileptic networks. The aim of this paper was to present an approach on the batch processing of CCEPs and provide information relating to the localization of EZ for clinical study. METHODS: Eight medically intractable epilepsy patients were included in this study. Each patient was implanted with subdural grid electrodes and electrical stimulations were applied directly to their cortex to induce CCEPs. After signal preprocessing, we constructed three effective brain networks at different spatial scales for each patient, regarding the amplitudes of CCEPs as the connection weights. Graph theory was then applied to analyze the brain network topology of epileptic patients, and the topological metrics of EZ and non-EZ (NEZ) were compared. RESULTS: The effective connectivity network reconstructed from CCEPs was asymmetric, both the number and the amplitudes of effective CCEPs decreased with increasing distance between stimulating and recording sites. Besides, the distribution of CCEP responses was associated with the locations of EZ which tended to have higher degree centrality (DC) and nodal shortest path length (NLP) than NEZ. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the brain networks of epileptics were asymmetric and mainly composed of short-distance connections. The DC and NLP were highly consistent to the distribution of the EZ, and these topological parameters have great potential to be readily applied to the clinical localization of the EZ.

19.
Phytomedicine ; 59: 152776, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chinese patent medicine Zhixiong Capsule (ZXC) has been used in clinical treatment against blood stasis-induced dizziness and headache for many years in China. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: Recent clinical observations demonstrated a good efficacy of ZXC against atherosclerotic plaque formation in carotid arteries. The aims of this study were to verify the plaque-preventing efficacy of ZXC in animals and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: ZXC (185 mg/kg and 370 mg/kg) was administrated to rabbits which received collar implantation accompanied with high fat diet administration (12 days). The blood-dissolved components of ZXC were identified by an UPLC-QTOF-MS method. The key components and targets of ZXC were then predicted based on network pharmacology analysis and biological investigations. RESULTS: Compared with vehicle control group, ZXC administration (185 mg/kg) significantly prevented plaque formation and attenuated intima thickening in the collar-implanted carotid arteries, markedly decreased blood lipid level, and increased plasma IL-4 level in rabbits. A total of 23 blood-dissolved components were identified. Four ingredients (namely, kaempferol, daidzein, puerarin, miltirone) along with leech, and three targets (namely, JUN, FOS and TP53) were recognized to play important roles for ZXC bioactivity. CONCLUSION: It could be concluded that ZXC could be applied to prevent atherosclerotic plaque formation and intimal thickening in carotid arteries at the current clinical dose.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/química , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/prevenção & controle , Animais , Artérias Carótidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-4/sangue , Isoflavonas/análise , Quempferóis/análise , Sanguessugas , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Coelhos
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809142

RESUMO

Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases. High-frequency oscillations (HFOs) have emerged as promising biomarkers for the epileptogenic zone. However, visual marking of HFOs is a time-consuming and laborious process. Several automated techniques have been proposed to detect HFOs, yet these are still far from being suitable for application in a clinical setting. Here, ripples and fast ripples from intracranial electroencephalograms were detected in six patients with intractable epilepsy using a convolutional neural network (CNN) method. This approach proved more accurate than using four other HFO detectors integrated in RIPPLELAB, providing a higher sensitivity (77.04% for ripples and 83.23% for fast ripples) and specificity (72.27% for ripples and 79.36% for fast ripples) for HFO detection. Furthermore, for one patient, the Cohen's kappa coefficients comparing automated detection and visual analysis results were 0.541 for ripples and 0.777 for fast ripples. Hence, our automated detector was capable of reliable estimates of ripples and fast ripples with higher sensitivity and specificity than four other HFO detectors. Our detector may be used to assist clinicians in locating epileptogenic zone in the future.

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