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1.
J Food Prot ; 86(9): 100128, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37442229

RESUMO

The presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in dairy products made with raw milk is a major concern for food safety authorities and industries. Two approaches have been proposed to isolate STEC from food. In the IC-Protocol (immuno-concentration protocol), specific serogroups are identified in the enrichment broth after the detection of the stx and eae genes. An immuno-concentration of the targeted serogroups is performed before isolating them on specific media. In the DI-Protocol (direct isolation protocol), a direct isolation of all STEC present in the enrichment broth is carried out after the detection of stx genes. We compared the ability of these two methods to isolate STEC O26:H11, O103:H2, O111:H8, O145:H28, and O157:H7 after artificial inoculation in four different raw milk cheeses. Across all serogroups and cheese types, STEC were isolated in 83.3% of samples when using the IC-Protocol but only 53.3% of samples with the DI-Protocol. For two cheese types, the DI-Protocol failed to isolate STEC O157:H7 strains altogether. Our results suggest that IC-Protocol is a robust methodology to effectively isolate STEC across a range of cheese types.


Assuntos
Queijo , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Leite , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/classificação , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/genética , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Leite/microbiologia , Queijo/microbiologia , Sorotipagem , Reações Falso-Negativas
2.
Euro Surveill ; 24(8)2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808442

RESUMO

IntroductionHaemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) related to Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is the leading cause of acute renal failure in young children. In France, HUS surveillance in children aged < 15 years was implemented starting from 1996.AimWe present the results of this surveillance between 2007 and 2016.MethodsA voluntary nationwide network of 32 paediatric departments notifies cases. Two national reference centres perform microbiological STEC confirmation.ResultsOver the study period, the paediatric HUS incidence rate (IR) was 1.0 per 100,000 children-years, with a median of 116 cases/year. In 2011, IR peaked at 1.3 per 100,000 children-years, and decreased to 1.0 per 100,000 children-years in 2016. STEC O157 associated HUS peaked at 37 cases in 2011 and decreased to seven cases in 2016. Cases of STEC O26-associated HUS have increased since 2010 and STEC O80 associated HUS has emerged since 2012, with 28 and 18 cases respectively reported in 2016. Four STEC-HUS food-borne outbreaks were detected (three STEC O157 linked to ground beef and raw-milk cheese and one STEC O104 linked to fenugreek sprouts). In addition, two outbreaks related to person-to-person transmission occurred in distinct kindergartens (STEC O111 and O26).ConclusionsNo major changes in HUS IRs were observed over the study period of 10 years. However, changes in the STEC serogroups over time and the outbreaks detected argue for continuing epidemiological and microbiological surveillance.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica/microbiologia , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Infecções por Escherichia coli/diagnóstico , Infecções por Escherichia coli/epidemiologia , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , França/epidemiologia , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica/complicações , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Vigilância da População , Testes Sorológicos , Distribuição por Sexo , Toxinas Shiga
3.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 947, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29867855

RESUMO

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC; E. coli) are food-borne agents associated with gastroenteritis, enterocolitis, bloody diarrhea and the hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Bovine milk glycans have been shown to contain oligosaccharides which are similar to host epithelial cell receptors and can therefore prevent bacterial adhesion. This study aimed to describe interactions between EHEC O157:H7 EDL933 and O26:H11 21765 and milk fat globules (MFGs) in raw milk and raw milk cheese, and the impact of MFGs on EHEC strains adhesion to the intestinal tract in vitro and in vivo. Both EHEC serotypes clearly associated with native bovine MFGs and significantly limited their adhesion to a co-culture of intestinal cells. The presence of MFGs in raw milk cheese had two effects on the adhesion of both EHEC serotypes to the intestinal tracts of streptomycin-treated mice. First, it delayed and reduced EHEC excretion in mouse feces for both strains. Second, the prime implantation site for both EHEC strains was 6 cm more proximal in the intestinal tracts of mice fed with contaminated cheese containing less than 5% of fat than in those fed with contaminated cheese containing 40% of fat. Feeding mice with 40% fat cheese reduced the intestinal surface contaminated with EHEC and may therefore decrease severity of illness.

4.
Food Microbiol ; 59: 32-42, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27375242

RESUMO

Tellurite (Tel)-amended selective media and resistance (Tel-R) are widely used for detecting Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) from foodstuffs. Tel-R of 81 O157 and non-O157 STEC strains isolated from animal, food and human was thus investigated. Variations of STEC tellurite minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values have been observed and suggest a multifactorial and variable tellurite resistome between strains. Some clinically-relevant STEC were found highly susceptible and could not be recovered using a tellurite-based detection scheme. The ter operon was highly prevalent among highly Tel-R STEC but was not always detected among intermediately-resistant strains. Many STEC serogroup strains were found to harbor sublines showing a gradient of MIC values. These Tel-R sublines showed statistically significant log negative correlations with increasing tellurite concentration. Whatever the tellurite concentration, the highest number of resistant sublines was observed for STEC belonging to the O26 serogroup. Variations in the number of these Tel-R sublines could explain the poor recovery of some STEC serogroups on tellurite-amended media especially from food products with low levels of contamination. Comparison of tellurite MIC values and distribution of virulence-related genes showed Tel-R and virulence to be related.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/isolamento & purificação , Telúrio/farmacologia , Adesinas Bacterianas , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia , Escherichia coli O157/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óperon , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sorogrupo , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Virulência/genética
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