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1.
BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil ; 16(1): 79, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594775

RESUMO

AIM: To identify the effects of strength and balance training on dynamic balance and patient reported outcomes in people with chronic ankle instability(CAI). METHOD: Five databases(CNKI, WanFang, Web of Science, EBSCO-SPORTD and PubMed were searched in September 2022. The search was conducted on randomized controlled trials(RCTs) that the effects of strength training, balance training and combination of strength and balance training in people with chronic ankle instability compared to a control group. Using Review Manager 5.3 and Stata-SE 15 to conduct Meta-analysis on the included literature. methodological quality and risk of bias were assessed by using the PEDro scale. RESULTS: A total of 33 Chinese and English RCTs document were screened and 1154 patients with CAI were included in the study. Compared with control group, strength training, balance training and combination of strength and balance training demonstrated to be more effective in terms of improving patient reported outcomes(strength training: SMD = 0.80, 95%CI = 0.39-1.22; balance training: SMD = 0.79, 95%CI = 0.41-1.17; combination of strength and balance training: SMD = 1.28, 95%CI = 0.57, 1.99). Subgroup analysis: Intervention for 6 weeks, more than 3 times a week and more than 30 min each time were the best rehabilitation programs to improve CAI patientreported outcomes. Compared with control group, balance training demonstrated to be more effective in terms of improving Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT)((anterior: SMD = 0.71, 95%CI = 0.03-1.40; posterolateral: SMD = 0.84, 95%CI = 0.22-1.46; posteromedial: SMD = 0.88, 95%CI = 0.45-1.32). However, strength training and combination of strength and balance training had no improvement effects on SEBT. CONCLUSIONS: Available evidence showed that, results of the comparison between balance training versus strength training suggest that the combination of strength and balance training achieves greater benefits for patient reported outcomes and balance training could bring greater benefits to dynamic balance. Strength training should be used cautiously in clinic to improve the dynamic balance in individuals with CAI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ( http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO , Registration No. CRD42022371396).

3.
Food Chem ; 448: 139073, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574713

RESUMO

This study reported for the first time that Ascorbic acid (AA) could appreciably boost the efficiency of Octyl gallate (OG)-mediated photodynamic inactivation (PDI) on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in planktonic and biofilm states. The combination of OG (0.075 mM) and AA (200 mM) with 420 nm blue light (212 mW/cm2) led to a >6 Log killing within only 5 min for E. coli and S. aureus and rapid eradication of biofilms. The mechanism of action appears to be the generation of highly toxic hydroxyl radicals (•OH) via photochemical pathways. OG was exposed to BL irradiation to generate various reactive oxygen radicals (ROS) and the addition of AA could transform singlet oxygen (1O2) into hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which could further react with AA to generate enormous •OH. These ROS jeopardized bacteria and biofilms by nonspecifically attacking various biomacromolecules. Overall, this PDI strategy provides a powerful microbiological decontamination modality to guarantee safe food products.

4.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 331, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pig (Sus Scrofa) is one of the oldest domesticated livestock species that has undergone extensive improvement through modern breeding. European breeds have advantages in lean meat development and highly-productive body type, whereas Asian breeds possess extraordinary fat deposition and reproductive performance. Consequently, Eurasian breeds have been extensively used to develop modern commercial breeds for fast-growing and high prolificacy. However, limited by the sequencing technology, the genome architecture of some nascent developed breeds and the human-mediated impact on their genomes are still unknown. RESULTS: Through whole-genome analysis of 178 individuals from an Asian locally developed pig breed, Beijing Black pig, and its two ancestors from two different continents, we found the pervasive inconsistent gene trees and species trees across the genome of Beijing Black pig, which suggests its introgressive hybrid origin. Interestingly, we discovered that this developed breed has more genetic relationships with European pigs and an unexpected introgression from Asian pigs to this breed, which indicated that human-mediated introgression could form the porcine genome architecture in a completely different type compared to native introgression. We identified 554 genomic regions occupied 63.30 Mb with signals of introgression from the Asian ancestry to Beijing Black pig, and the genes in these regions enriched in pathways associated with meat quality, fertility, and disease-resistant. Additionally, a proportion of 7.77% of genomic regions were recognized as regions that have been under selection. Moreover, combined with the results of a genome-wide association study for meat quality traits in the 1537 Beijing Black pig population, two important candidate genes related to meat quality traits were identified. DNAJC6 is related to intramuscular fat content and fat deposition, and RUFY4 is related to meat pH and tenderness. CONCLUSIONS: Our research provides insight for analyzing the origins of nascent developed breeds and genome-wide selection remaining in the developed breeds mediated by humans during modern breeding.


Assuntos
Introgressão Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Animais , Suínos/genética , Genoma , Genômica/métodos , Cruzamento , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sus scrofa/genética , Seleção Genética
5.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e079434, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569709

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain after thoracic surgery impairs patients' quality of life and increases the incidence of respiratory complications. Optimised analgesia strategies include minimally invasive incisions, regional analgesia and early chest tube removal. However, little is known about the optimal analgesic regimen for uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (uVATS). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a single-centre, prospective, single-blind, randomised trial. The effects of postoperative analgesia will be tested using thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) in combination with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PVB+PCIA), erector spinae plane block (ESPB) in combination with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (ESPB+PCIA) or PCIA alone; 102 patients undergoing uVATS will be enrolled in this study. Patients will be randomly assigned to the PVB group (30 mL of 0.33% ropivacaine with dexamethasone), ESPB group (40 mL of 0.25% ropivacaine with dexamethasone) or control groups. PCIA with sufentanil will be administered to all patients after surgery. The primary outcome will be total opioid consumption after surgery. Secondary outcomes include postoperative pain score; postoperative chronic pain at rest and during coughing; sensations of touch and pain in the chest wall, non-opioid analgesic consumption; length of stay; ambulation time, the total cost of hospitalisation and long-term postoperative analgesia. Adverse reactions to analgesics and adverse events related to the regional blocks will also be recorded. The statisticians will be blinded to the group allocation. Comparison of the continuous data among the three groups will be performed using a one-way analysis of variance to assess differences among the means. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The results will be published in patient education courses, academic conferences and peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT06016777.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Humanos , Ropivacaina , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Analgésicos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Dexametasona , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1307901, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576715

RESUMO

Background and aim: A high aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) ratio is associated with liver injury in liver disease; however, no data exist regarding its relationship with 90-day prognosis in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic liver disease. Methods: In this study, 3,758 participants (955 with advanced fibrosis and 2,803 with cirrhosis) from the CATCH-LIFE cohort in China were included. The relationships between different AST/ALT ratios and the risk of adverse 90-day outcomes (death or liver transplantation) were determined in patients with cirrhosis or hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated advanced fibrosis, respectively. Results: In the patients with HBV-associated advanced fibrosis, the risk of 90-day adverse outcomes increased with AST/ALT ratio; after adjusting for all confounding factors, the risk of adverse 90-day outcomes was the highest when AST/ALT ratio was more than 1.08 (OR = 6.91 [95% CI = 1.789-26.721], p = 0.005), and the AST/ALT ratio of >1.9 accelerated the development of adverse outcomes. In patients with cirrhosis, an AST/ALT ratio > 1.38 increased the risk of adverse 90-day outcomes in all univariables (OR = 1.551 [95% CI = 1.216-1.983], p < 0.001) and multivariable-adjusted analyses (OR = 1.847 [95% CI = 1.361-2.514], p < 0.001), and an elevated AST/ALT ratio (<2.65) accelerated the incidence of 90-day adverse outcomes. An AST/ALT ratio of >1.38 corresponded with a more than 20% incidence of adverse outcomes in patients with cirrhosis. Conclusion: The AST/ALT ratio is an independent risk factor for adverse 90-day outcomes in patients with cirrhosis and HBV-associated advanced fibrosis. The cutoff values of the AST/ALT ratio could help clinicians monitor the condition of patients when making clinical decisions.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(9): 1597-1605, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (ANVUGIB) constitutes a prevalent emergency within Gastroenterology, encompassing 80%-90% of all gastrointestinal hemorrhage incidents. This condition is distinguished by its abrupt onset, swift progression, and notably elevated mortality rate. AIM: To gather clinical data from patients with ANVUGIB at our hospital in order to elucidate the clinical characteristics specific to our institution and analyze the therapeutic effectiveness of endoscopic hemostasis. METHODS: We retrospectively retrieved the records of 532 patients diagnosed with ANVUGIB by endoscopy at our hospital between March 2021 and March 2023, utilizing our medical record system. Data pertaining to general patient information, etiological factors, disease outcomes, and other relevant variables were meticulously collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 532 patients diagnosed with ANVUGIB, the male-to-female ratio was 2.91:1, with a higher prevalence among males. Notably, 43.6% of patients presented with black stool as their primary complaint, while 27.4% had hematemesis as their initial symptom. Upon admission, 17% of patients exhibited both hematemesis and black stool, while most ANVUGIB patients primarily complained of overt gastrointestinal bleeding. Urgent routine blood examinations at admission revealed that 75.8% of patients had anemia, with 63.4% experiencing moderate to severe anemia, and 1.5% having extremely severe anemia (hemoglobin < 30 g/L). With regard to etiology, 53.2% of patients experienced bleeding without a definitive trigger, 24.2% had a history of using gastric mucosa-irritating medications, 24.2% developed bleeding after alcohol consumption, 2.8% attributed it to improper diet, 1.7% to emotional excitement, and 2.3% to fatigue preceding the bleeding episode. Drug-induced ANVUGIB was more prevalent in the elderly than middle-aged and young individuals, while bleeding due to alcohol consumption showed the opposite trend. Additionally, diet-related bleeding was more common among the young age group compared to the middle-aged group. Gastrointestinal endoscopy identified peptic ulcers as the most frequent cause of ANVUGIB (73.3%), followed by gastrointestinal malignancies (10.9%), acute gastric mucous lesions (9.8%), and androgenic upper gastrointestinal bleeding (1.5%) among inpatients with ANVUGIB. Of the 532 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, 68 underwent endoscopic hemostasis, resulting in an endoscopic treatment rate of 12.8%, with a high immediate hemostasis success rate of 94.1%. CONCLUSION: ANVUGIB patients exhibit diverse characteristics across different age groups, and endoscopic hemostatic treatments have demonstrated remarkable efficacy.

8.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(3): 658-669, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577089

RESUMO

Gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy (G-POME) is an emerging minimally invasive endoscopic technique involving the establishment of a submucosal tunnel around the pyloric sphincter. In 2013, Khashab et al used G-POME for the first time in the treatment of gastroparesis with enhanced therapeutic efficacy, providing a new direction for the treatment of gastroparesis. With the recent and rapid development of G-POME therapy technology, progress has been made in the treatment of gastroparesis and other upper digestive tract diseases, such as congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis and gastric sleeve stricture, with G-POME. This article reviews the research progress and future prospects of G-POME for the treatment of upper digestive tract gastrointestinal diseases.

9.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 907-918, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duodenal neuroendocrine tumours (DNETs) are rare neoplasms. However, the incidence of DNETs has been increasing in recent years, especially as an incidental finding during endoscopic studies. Regrettably, there is no consensus regarding the ideal treatment of DNETs. Even there are few studies on the clinical features and survival analysis of DNETs. AIM: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with duodenal neuroendocrine tumours. METHODS: The clinical data of DNETs diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from June 2011 to July 2022 were collected. Neuroendocrine tumours located in the ampulla area of the duodenum were divided into the ampullary region group; neuroendocrine tumours in any part of the duodenum outside the ampullary area were divided into the nonampullary region group. Using a retrospective study, the clinical characteristics of the two groups and risk factors affecting the survival of DNET patients were analysed. RESULTS: Twenty-nine DNET patients were screened. The male to female ratio was 1:1.9, and females comprised the majority. The ampullary region group accounted for 24.1% (7/29), while the nonampullary region group accounted for 75.9% (22/29). When diagnosed, the clinical symptoms of the ampullary region group were mainly abdominal pain (85.7%), while those of the nonampullary region groups were mainly abdominal distension (59.1%). There were differences in the composition of staging of tumours between the two groups (Fisher's exact probability method, P = 0.001), with nonampullary stage II tumours (68.2%) being the main stage (P < 0.05). After the diagnosis of DNETs, the survival rate of the ampullary region group was 14.3% (1/7), which was lower than that of 72.7% (16/22) in the nonampullary region group (Fisher's exact probability method, P = 0.011). The survival time of the ampullary region group was shorter than that of the nonampullary region group (P < 0.000). The median survival time of the ampullary region group was 10.0 months and that of the nonampullary region group was 451.0 months. Multivariate analysis showed that tumours in the ampulla region and no surgical treatment after diagnosis were independent risk factors for the survival of DNET patients (HR = 0.029, 95%CI 0.004-0.199, P < 0.000; HR = 12.609, 95%CI: 2.889-55.037, P = 0.001). Further analysis of nonampullary DNET patients showed that the survival time of patients with a tumour diameter < 2 cm was longer than that of patients with a tumour diameter ≥ 2 cm (t = 7.243, P = 0.048). As of follow-up, 6 patients who died of nonampullary DNETs had a tumour diameter that was ≥ 2 cm, and 3 patients in stage IV had liver metastasis. Patients with a tumour diameter < 2 cm underwent surgical treatment, and all survived after surgery. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment is a protective factor for prolonging the survival of DNET patients. Compared to DNETs in the ampullary region, patients in the nonampullary region group had a longer survival period. The liver is the organ most susceptible to distant metastasis of nonampullary DNETs.

10.
J Cancer ; 15(9): 2810-2828, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577599

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have shown that cellular senescence is strongly associated with tumorigenesis and the tumor microenvironment. Accordingly, we developed a novel prognostic signature for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICCA) based on senescence-associated long non-coding RNAs (SR-lncRNAs) and identified a lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA axis involving in ICCA. Methods: Based on the 197 senescence-associated genes (SRGs) from Genacards and their expression in Fu-ICCA cohort, we identified 20 lncRNAs as senescence-associated lncRNAs (SR-lncRNAs) through co-expression and cox-regression analysis. According to 20 SR-lncRNAs, patients with ICCA were classified into 2 molecular subtypes using unsupervised clustering machine learning approach and to explore the prognostic and functional heterogeneity between these two subtypes. Subsequently, we integrated 113 machine learning algorithms to develop senescence-related lncRNA signature, ultimately identifying 11 lncRNAs and constructing prognostic models and risk stratification. The correlation between the signature and the immune landscape, immunotherapy response as well as drug sensitivity are explored too. Results: We developed a novel senescence related signature. The predictive model and risk score calculated by the signature exhibited favorable prognostic predictive performance, which is a suitable independent risk factor for the prognosis of patients with ICCA based on Kaplan-Meier plotter, nomogram and receiving operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The results were validated using external datasets. Estimate, ssGSEA (single sample gene set enrichment analysis), IPS (immunophenotype score) and TIDE (tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion) algorithms revealed higher immune infiltration, higher immune scores, lower immune escape potential and better response to immunotherapy in the high-risk group. In addition, signature identifies eight chemotherapeutic agents, including cisplatin for patients with different risk levels, providing guidance for clinical treatment. Finally, we identified a set of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA axes involved in ICCA through regulation of senescence. Conclusion: SR-lncRNAs signature can favorably predict the prognosis, risk stratification, immune landscape and immunotherapy response of patients with ICCA and consequently guide individualized treatment.

11.
Ann Anat ; 254: 152262, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The perforator flap has garnered significant interest since its inception due to its advantage of not needing a vascular network at the deep fascial level. Perforator flaps are commonly utilized in different flap transplant surgeries, and the thigh flap is presently the most widely used perforator flap. Is it possible for the calf to replace the thigh as a more suitable site for harvesting materials? Currently, there is a lack of relevant anatomical research. This study aims to address this question from an anatomical and imaging perspective. METHODS: This study used cadavers to observe the branches and courses of perforators on the calf and the distribution of skin branches using microdissection techniques, digital X-ray photography, and micro-computed tomography techniques. RESULTS: The perforators had three main branches: the vertical cutaneous branch, the oblique cutaneous branch, and the superficial fascial branch. The superficial fascial branch traveled in the superficial fascia and connected with the nearby perforators. The vertical and oblique cutaneous branches entered the subdermal layer and connected with each other to create the subdermal vascular network. CONCLUSIONS: We observed an intact calf cutaneous branch chain between the cutaneous nerve and the perforator of the infrapopliteal main artery at the superficial vein site. Utilizing this anatomical structure, the calfskin branch has the potential to serve as a substitute for thigh skin flap transplantation and may be applied to perforator flap transplantation in more locations.

12.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 167, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589400

RESUMO

The neurotoxic α-synuclein (α-syn) oligomers play an important role in the occurrence and development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but the factors affecting α-syn generation and neurotoxicity remain unclear. We here first found that thrombomodulin (TM) significantly decreased in the plasma of PD patients and brains of A53T α-syn mice, and the increased TM in primary neurons reduced α-syn generation by inhibiting transcription factor p-c-jun production through Erk1/2 signaling pathway. Moreover, TM decreased α-syn neurotoxicity by reducing the levels of oxidative stress and inhibiting PAR1-p53-Bax signaling pathway. In contrast, TM downregulation increased the expression and neurotoxicity of α-syn in primary neurons. When TM plasmids were specifically delivered to neurons in the brains of A53T α-syn mice by adeno-associated virus (AAV), TM significantly reduced α-syn expression and deposition, and ameliorated the neuronal apoptosis, oxidative stress, gliosis and motor deficits in the mouse models, whereas TM knockdown exacerbated these neuropathology and motor dysfunction. Our present findings demonstrate that TM plays a neuroprotective role in PD pathology and symptoms, and it could be a novel therapeutic target in efforts to combat PD. Schematic representation of signaling pathways of TM involved in the expression and neurotoxicity of α-syn. A TM decreased RAGE, and resulting in the lowered production of p-Erk1/2 and p-c-Jun, and finally reduce α-syn generation. α-syn oligomers which formed from monomers increase the expression of p-p38, p53, C-caspase9, C-caspase3 and Bax, decrease the level of Bcl-2, cause mitochondrial damage and lead to oxidative stress, thus inducing neuronal apoptosis. TM can reduce intracellular oxidative stress and inhibit p53-Bax signaling by activating APC and PAR-1. B The binding of α-syn oligomers to TLR4 may induce the expression of IL-1ß, which is subsequently secreted into the extracellular space. This secreted IL-1ß then binds to its receptor, prompting p65 to translocate from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. This translocation downregulates the expression of KLF2, ultimately leading to the suppression of TM expression. By Figdraw.

13.
Am J Cancer Res ; 14(3): 1278-1291, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590404

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the effects of Omaha System framework interventions on quality of life, emotional well-being, and sleep quality in 507 mid to late-stage lung cancer patients. Retrospectively, we compared data of 294 patients receiving conventional care (conventional group) with 213 patients undergoing Omaha System interventions (intervention group) from January 2019 to January 2023. Key indicators included quality of life (FACT-L), anxiety (SAS), depression (SDS), sleep quality (PSQI), hope (HHS), and dignity (PDI). Post-intervention, the intervention group showed a significant increase in FACT-L scores (P<0.001), indicating enhanced quality of life. There was a notable reduction in PSQI scores (P<0.001), suggesting improved sleep quality. Additionally, their anxiety and depression levels significantly decreased, as evidenced by lower SAS (P<0.001) and SDS scores (P<0.001). Logistic regression revealed that care nursing intervention scheme (P=0.007), age (P=0.008), marital status (P=0.002), per capita monthly household income (P=0.004), SAS after intervention (P=0.002), and PSQI after intervention (P=0.002) had a positive influence on quality of life. In conclusion, the Omaha System interventions markedly improved the quality of life, emotional state, and sleep in lung cancer patients.

14.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(3): 303-314, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582994

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate whether the onset of the plateau phase of slow hepatitis B surface antigen decline in patients with chronic hepatitis B treated with intermittent interferon therapy is related to the frequency of dendritic cell subsets and expression of the costimulatory molecules CD40, CD80, CD83, and CD86. Method: This was a cross-sectional study in which patients were divided into a natural history group (namely NH group), a long-term oral nucleoside analogs treatment group (namely NA group), and a plateau-arriving group (namely P group). The percentage of plasmacytoid dendritic cell and myeloid dendritic cell subsets in peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes and the mean fluorescence intensity of their surface costimulatory molecules were detected using a flow cytometer. Results: In total, 143 patients were enrolled (NH group, n = 49; NA group, n = 47; P group, n = 47). The results demonstrated that CD141/CD1c double negative myeloid dendritic cell (DNmDC)/lymphocytes and monocytes (%) in P group (0.041 [0.024, 0.069]) was significantly lower than that in NH group (0.270 [0.135, 0.407]) and NA group (0.273 [0.150, 0.443]), and CD86 mean fluorescence intensity of DNmDCs in P group (1832.0 [1484.0, 2793.0]) was significantly lower than that in NH group (4316.0 [2958.0, 5169.0]) and NA group (3299.0 [2534.0, 4371.0]), Adjusted P all < 0.001. Conclusion: Reduced DNmDCs and impaired maturation may be associated with the onset of the plateau phase during intermittent interferon therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Humanos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Transversais , Citometria de Fluxo , Células Dendríticas , Interferons/metabolismo
15.
Sci Total Environ ; : 172263, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583623

RESUMO

The relationships between α-diversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF) have been extensively examined. However, it remains unknown how spatial heterogeneity of microbial community, i.e., microbial ß-diversity within a region, shapes ecosystem functioning. Here, we examined microbial community compositions and soil respiration (Rs) along an elevation gradient of 853-4420 m a.s.l. in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau, which is renowned as one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. There were significant distance-decay relationships for both bacterial and fungal communities. Stochastic processes played a dominant role in shaping bacterial and fungal community compositions, while soil temperature was the most important environmental factor that affected microbial communities. We evaluated BEF relationships based on α-diversity measured by species richness and ß-diversity measured by community dispersions, revealing significantly positive correlations between microbial ß-diversities and Rs. These correlations became stronger with increasing sample size, differing from those between microbial α-diversities and Rs. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), we found that soil temperature, soil moisture, and total nitrogen were the most important edaphic properties in explaining Rs. Meanwhile, stochastic processes (e.g., homogenous dispersal and dispersal limitation) significantly mediated effects between microbial ß-diversities and Rs. Microbial α-diversity poorly explained Rs, directly or indirectly. In a nutshell, we identified a previously unknown BEF relationship between microbial ß-diversity and Rs. By complementing common practices to examine BEF with α-diversity, we demonstrate that a focus on ß-diversity could be leveraged to explain Rs.

16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(9): 1177-1188, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute decompensation (AD) of cirrhosis is associated with high short-term mortality, mainly due to the development of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Thus, there is a need for biomarkers for early and accurate identification of AD patients with high risk of development of ACLF and mortality. Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) is released from activated innate immune cells and correlated with various inflammatory processes. AIM: To explore the prognostic value of sTREM-1 in patients with AD of cirrhosis. METHODS: A multicenter prospective cohort of 442 patients with cirrhosis hospitalized for AD was divided into a study cohort (n = 309) and validation cohort (n = 133). Demographic and clinical data were collected, and serum sTREM-1 was measured at admission. All enrolled patients were followed-up for at least 1 year. RESULTS: In patients with AD and cirrhosis, serum sTREM-1 was an independent prognosis predictor for 1-year survival and correlated with liver, coagulation, cerebral and kidney failure. A new prognostic model of AD (P-AD) incorporating sTREM-1, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), total bilirubin (TBil), international normalized ratio (INR) and hepatic encephalopathy grades was established and performed better than the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), MELD-sodium (MELD-Na), chronic liver failure-consortium (CLIF-C) ACLF and CLIF-C AD scores. Additionally, sTREM-1 was increased in ACLF and predicted the development of ACLF during first 28-d follow-up. The ACLF risk score incorporating serum sTREM-1, BUN, INR, TBil and aspartate aminotransferase levels was established and significantly superior to MELD, MELD-Na, CLIF-C ACLF, CLIF-C AD and P-AD in predicting risk of ACLF development. CONCLUSION: Serum sTREM-1 is a promising prognostic biomarker for ACLF development and mortality in patients with AD of cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Doença Hepática Terminal , Humanos , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/complicações , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores
17.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2308021, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561969

RESUMO

The severe Zn-dendrite growth and insufficient carbon-based cathode performance are two critical issues that hinder the practical applications of flexible Zn-ion micro-ssupercapacitors (FZCs). Herein, a self-adaptive electrode design concept of the synchronous improvement on both the cathode and anode is proposed to enhance the overall performance of FZCs. Polypyrrole doped with anti-expansion graphene oxide and acrylamide (PPy/GO-AM) on the cathode side can exhibit remarkable electrochemical performance, including decent capacitance and cycling stability, as well as exceptional mechanical properties. Meanwhile, a robust protective polymeric layer containing reduced graphene oxide and polyacrylamide is self-assembled onto the Zn surface (rGO/PAM@Zn) at the anode side, by which the "tip effect" of Zn small protuberance can be effectively alleviated, the Zn-ion distribution homogenized, and dendrite growth restricted. Benefiting from these advantages, the FZCs deliver an excellent specific capacitance of 125 mF cm-2 (125 F cm-3) at 1 mA cm-2, along with a maximum energy density of 44.4 µWh cm-2, and outstanding long-term durability with 90.3% capacitance remained after 5000 cycles. This conformal electrode design strategy is believed to enlighten the practical design of high-performance in-plane flexible Zn-based electrochemical energy storage devices (EESDs) by simultaneously tackling the challenges faced by Zn anodes and capacitance-type cathodes.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564737

RESUMO

Bioinspired photoactive composites, in terms of photodynamic inactivation, cost-effectiveness, and biosafety, are promising alternatives to antibiotics for combating bacterial infections while avoiding antibacterial resistance. However, the weak bacterial membrane affinity of the photoactive substrate and the lack of synergistic antibacterial effect remain crucial shortcomings for their antibacterial applications. Herein, we developed a hydrophobic film from food antioxidant lauryl gallate covalently functionalized chitosan (LG-g-CS conjugates) through a green radical-induced grafting reaction that utilizes synergistic bacteria capture, contact-killing, and photodynamic inactivation activities to achieve enhanced bactericidal and biofilm elimination capabilities. Besides, the grafting reaction mechanism between LG and CS in the ascorbic acid (AA)/H2O2 redox system was further proposed. The LG-g-CS films feature hydrophobic side chains and photoactive phenolic hydroxyl groups, facilitating dual bactericidal activities through bacteria capture and contact-killing via strong hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions with bacterial membranes as well as blue light (BL)-driven photodynamic bacterial eradication through the enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species. As a result, the LG-g-CS films efficiently capture and immobilize bacteria and exhibit excellent photodynamic antibacterial activity against model bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) and their biofilms under BL irradiation. Moreover, LG-g-CS films could significantly promote the healing process of S. aureus-infected wounds. This research demonstrates a new strategy for designing and fabricating sustainable bactericidal and biofilm-removing materials with a high bacterial membrane affinity and photodynamic activity.

19.
J Org Chem ; 89(7): 4406-4422, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512313

RESUMO

The palladium-catalyzed sequential cross-coupling/annulation of ortho-vinyl bromobenzenes with aryl bromides generating phenanthrenes was characterized by density functional theory (DFT). The Pd(II)-Pd(IV) pathway (Path V) is shown to be less probable than the bimetallic pathway (Path I), the latter proceeding via the following six steps: oxidative addition, vinyl-C(sp2)-H activation, Pd(II)-Pd(II) transmetalation, C-C coupling, aryl-C(sp2)-H activation, and reductive elimination. The aryl-C(sp2)-H activation process acts as the rate-determining step (RDS) of the entire chemical transformation, with an activation free energy barrier of ca. 27.4-28.8 kcal·mol-1, in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data (phenanthrenes' yields of ca. 65-90% at 130 °C after 5 h of reaction). The K2CO3 additive effectively reduces the activation free energy barrier of the RDS through direct participation in the reaction while preferentially modulating the charge distributions and increasing the stability of corresponding intermediates and complexes along the reaction path. Furthermore, bonding and electronic structure analyses of the key structures indicate that the chemo- and regioselectivities of the reaction are strongly influenced by both electronic effects and steric hindrance.

20.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 922, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Weight management is an effective prevention and treatment strategy for diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of diabetic patients towards weight management. METHODS: Diabetic patients treated at Qidong City, Jiangsu Province, between January 2023 and June 2023 were included in this cross-sectional study. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect their demographic characteristics and KAP toward weight management. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine the inter-relationships among KAP scores. RESULTS: Among a total of 503 valid questionnaires that were collected, 55.07% were filled out by men and 54.67% by those aged < 60 years. The mean scores for knowledge, attitude, and practice were 8.03 ± 3.525 (possible range: 0-13), 31.88 ± 3.524 (possible range: 10-50), and 22.24 ± 3.318 (possible range: 9-45), respectively. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed the knowledge was positively associated with attitude (r = 0.295, P < 0.001) and practice (r = 0.131, P < 0.001), and attitude was positively associated with practice (r = 0.140, P = 0.002). SEM demonstrated positive associations between knowledge and attitude (ß = 0.28, P < 0.001), and attitude and practice (ß = 0.09, P = 0.019). Moreover, older age was negatively associated with knowledge (ß=-0.04, P = 0.001), while higher education (ß = 1.220, P < 0.001), increased monthly income (ß = 0.779, P < 0.001), diagnosis of fatty liver (ß = 1.03, P = 0.002), and screening for excess visceral fat (ß = 1.11, P = 0.002) were positively associated with knowledge. CONCLUSION: Diabetic patients showed moderate knowledge, neutral attitudes, and inappropriate practices toward weight management. Knowledge was positively associated with attitude and practice. These findings provided valuable directions for healthcare interventions targeting improved KAP status of weight management among diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Pacientes , Inquéritos e Questionários
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