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1.
Mol Oncol ; 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708044

RESUMO

In recent decades, antiangiogenic therapy, which blocks the supply of oxygen and nutrition to tumor cells, has become a promising clinical strategy for the treatment of patients with tumors. However, recent studies revealed that vasculogenic mimicry (VM), which is the process by which vascular morphological structures are formed by highly invasive tumor cells, has been considered a potential factor for the failure of antiangiogenic therapy in patients with tumors. Thus, inhibition of VM formation might be a potential target for improving the outcome of antiangiogenic strategies. However, the mechanism underlying VM formation is still incompletely elucidated. Herein, we reported that L1CAM might be a critical regulator of VM formation in glioma, and might be associated with the resistance of glioma to antiangiogenic therapy. We found that the tumor-invasion and tube-formation capabilities of L1CAM-overexpressing cells were significantly enhanced in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the results indicated that miR-143-3p, which might directly target the 3'UTR of the hexokinase 2 (HK2) gene to regulate its protein expression, was subsequently involved in L1CAM-mediated VM formation by glioma cells. Further study revealed that the regulation of MMP2, MMP9 and VEGFA expression was involved in this process. Moreover, we identified that activation of the downstream PI3K/AKT signaling pathway of the L1CAM/HK2 cascade is critical for VM formation by glioma cells. Furthermore, we found that the combined treatment of anti-L1CAM neutralizing monoclonal antibody and bevacizumab increases efficacy beyond that of bevacizumab alone, and suppresses glioma growth in vivo, indicating that the inhibition of L1CAM-mediated VM formation might efficiently improve the effect of antiangiogenic treatment for glioma patients. Together, our findings demonstrated a critical role of L1CAM in regulating VM formation in glioma, and that L1CAM might be a potential target for ameliorating tumor resistance to antiangiogenic therapy in glioma patients.

2.
Environ Res ; 221: 115282, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639012

RESUMO

To inhibit the COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) outbreak, unprecedented nationwide lockdowns were implemented in China in early 2020, resulting in a marked reduction of anthropogenic emissions. However, reasons for the insignificant improvement in air quality in megacities of northeast China, including Shenyang, Changchun, Jilin, Harbin, and Daqing, were scarcely reported. We assessed the influences of meteorological conditions and changes in emissions on air quality in the five megacities during the COVID-19 lockdown (February 2020) using the WRF-CMAQ model. Modeling results indicated that meteorology contributed a 14.7% increment in Air Quality Index (AQI) averaged over the five megacities, thus, the local unfavorable meteorology was one of the causes to yield little improved air quality. In terms of emission changes, the increase in residential emissions (+15%) accompanied by declining industry emissions (-15%) and transportation (-90%) emissions resulted in a slight AQI decrease of 3.1%, demonstrating the decrease in emissions associated with the lockdown were largely offset by the increment in residential emissions. Also, residential emissions contributed 42.3% to PM2.5 concentration on average based on the Integrated Source Apportionment tool. These results demonstrated the key role residential emissions played in determining air quality. The findings of this study provide a scenario that helps make appropriate emission mitigation measures for improving air quality in this part of China.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(2)2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36676333

RESUMO

Numerous synthetic techniques for the fabrication of porous metal electrodes were developed in recent decades. A very promising and facile route is the 3D printing of structures, which can be designed directly on the computer first. However, the current techniques allow structures to be printed with a resolution down to 20 µm, which is still quite rough regarding tuning the pore distribution and diameter of electrode materials for potential applications. For the first time, a laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) process was used to 3D print metal voxels on a solid surface, resulting in a porous electrocatalytically active gold (Au) electrode film. Porous Au electrodes produced using LIFT showed an increase in the electrochemically active surface area (SA) by a factor of four compared with a sputtered dense Au film when characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV) in Ar-saturated 0.1 M KOH. Therefore, the LIFT process can be considered very promising for the printing of ordered porous electrodes with high surface areas for electrochemical applications.

4.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625168

RESUMO

Cysteine sulfonic acid, a product of protein oxidative damage, is an important sign by which the body and cells sense oxidative stress. Cigarette smoke (CS) can trigger inflammatory reactions in humans that lead to higher levels of oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the body. Available evidence indicates a possible relationship between protein oxidative damage and cigarette smoke, which is poorly understood due to the limitations of analytical techniques. Herein, we developed a donor-acceptor structured aggregation-induced emission (AIE) fluorescence probe H-1, which exhibited excellent optical properties for the highly sensitive and specific detection of sulfonic acid biomacromolecules. The probe could be easily synthesized by click chemistry conjugating triazole heterocycles onto a triphenylamine fluorophore, followed by a cationization reaction. Due to low cytotoxity, the probe was successfully applied for in situ imaging of intracellular protein sulfonation, achieving visualization of protein sulfonation in cigarette smoke stimulation-induced inflammatory RAW264.7 cell models. Moreover, an immunofluorescence study of the aorta and lung revealed that significant blue fluorescence signals could be observed only in CS-stimulated vascular. It indicated that CS-stimulated vascular sulfonation injury can be monitored using H-1. This study will provide an efficient method for revealing CS-induced oxidative damage-relevant diseases.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(8): 1018-1021, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598086

RESUMO

Two fluorescent probes (QM-S and QM-Se) featuring AIE properties were developed. The increased intracellular hypobromous acid (HOBr) in cardiomyocytes during MIRI was revealed with these probes. It was also observed that MIRI might be alleviated by combating oxidative stress, as well as inhibiting inflammation and ferroptosis, which could mediate oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Humanos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Miócitos Cardíacos , Bromatos
6.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653196

RESUMO

Thrombus are blood clots formed by abnormal hemostasis in blood vessels and are closely associated with various diseases such as pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction and stroke. Early diagnosis and treatment of thrombus is the key to reducing the high risk of thrombotic disease. Given that early thrombus is small in early size, free instability, wide regional distribution and fast formation, it is urgent to develop all-inclusive detection methods that combine high signal-to-noise ratio, in situ dynamic and rapid in-depth tissue imaging. Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging, with its excellent high spatiotemporal resolution and tissue penetration depth, is a powerful technique for direct visualization of thrombotic events in situ. Considering the fibrin highly expressed in the thrombus is a typical thrombotic target. Moreover, the viscosity of the thrombus is markedly higher than its surroundings. Therefore, we developed a fibrin-targeting and viscosity-activating thrombus NIR fluorescent probe (TIR-V) for high-resolution and high-sensitivity in situ lighten-up thrombus. TIR-V has the advantages of good thrombus targeting, significant "off-on" fluorescence specific response to viscosity, bright NIR fluorescence and good biocompatibility. The thrombus is clearly delineated by a high signal-to-noise ratio NIR fluorescence imaging, enabling imaging detection and precise navigation of thrombotic regions. This work demonstrates the potential of TIR-V as a bifunctional probe for definitive diagnostic imaging and direct navigation of thrombotic lesions in clinical applications.

7.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607159

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) availability has been considered as a critical factor for the cycling and storage of soil organic carbon (SOC), but effects of N enrichment on the SOC pool appear highly variable. Given the complex nature of the SOC pool, recent frameworks suggest that separating this pool into different functional components, for example, particulate organic carbon (POC) and mineral-associated organic carbon (MAOC), is of great importance for understanding and predicting SOC dynamics. Importantly, little is known about how these N-induced changes in SOC components (e.g., changes in the ratios among these fractions) would affect the functionality of the SOC pool, given the differences in nutrient density, resistance to disturbance, and turnover time between POC and MAOC pool. Here, we conducted a global meta-analysis of 803 paired observations from 98 published studies to assess the effect of N addition on these SOC components, and the ratios among these fractions. We found that N addition, on average, significantly increased POC and MAOC pools by 16.4% and 3.7%, respectively. In contrast, both the ratios of MAOC to SOC and MAOC to POC were remarkably decreased by N enrichment (4.1% and 10.1%, respectively). Increases in the POC pool were positively correlated with changes in aboveground plant biomass and with hydrolytic enzymes. However, the positive responses of MAOC to N enrichment were correlated with increases in microbial biomass. Our results suggest that although reactive N deposition could facilitate soil C sequestration to some extent, it might decrease the nutrient density, turnover time, and resistance to disturbance of the SOC pool. Our study provides mechanistic insights into the effects of N enrichment on the SOC pool and its functionality at global scale, which is pivotal for understanding soil C dynamics especially in future scenarios with more frequent and severe perturbations.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(2): 2529-2537, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595474

RESUMO

Resveratrol has been garnering considerable attention as a promising chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic drug against metastatic tumors such as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, the potential in vivo application of resveratrol has been highly limited due to its poor solubility, rapid conjugation, low bioavailability, and bioactivity. In this study, a silica mesoporous nanoparticle (MSN)-based drug delivery system (DDS), named Au-Se@MSN, is developed to deliver the loaded resveratrol, endowing it with properties of targeted delivery, excellent bioavailability, and antioxidation of resveratrol. In Au-Se@MSN(RES), gold nanoparticles functionalized with selenol-modified uPA-specific peptides act as gatekeepers to avoid the interference of glutathione in the bloodstream and realize negligible premature release of resveratrol during delivery. Au-Se@MSN(RES) shows prolonged resveratrol release at the tumor site and endows resveratrol with a remarkable in vitro therapeutic effect. The pharmacological dose of resveratrol treatment on MDA-MB-231 cells was found to result in the generation of a high level of NAD(P)H other than H2O2, indicating reductive stress instead of oxidative stress involved in the resveratrol therapeutic process. In vivo experiments showed that Au-Se@MSN greatly improves the chemotherapeutic effect of resveratrol on mice bearing TNBC tumors, and damage to normal tissues and cells is negligible. Overall, Au-Se@MSN is a potential tool for further studies on the anticancer mechanism and clinical applications of resveratrol.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Ouro/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Nanopartículas/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Peptídeos , Dióxido de Silício/química , Porosidade
9.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(1): 83-90, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647648

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of periodontitis in the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to determine whether periodontitis microorganisms induce M2 macrophage (M2) polarization and promote tumor progression. Methods: The tumor tissues of OSCC patients with periodontitis and those without periodontitis were collected and immunohistochemistry tests were done to validate the trend of changes in M2 macrophages. A mouse model of OSCC accompanied by periodontitis was established by treating mice with drinking water containing four antibiotics for three consecutive days, applying in the mouths of the mice a coat of bacteria collected from the saliva of patients with periodontitis once every other day for five times, and injecting in their buccal mucosa OSCC cells (SCC7). We observed the effect of periodontitis on the development of OSCC, analyzed the M2 macrophage content in the tumor tissues, and analyzed salivary microbiota structure, and examined the pathological changes in the spleen and colon tissues of the mice. Finally, we collected saliva from patients with periodontitis, co-cultured it with mice peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and SCC7 cells, and examined M2 macrophage percentage by flow cytometry. Results: Immunohistochemical findings from the clinical samples showed that M2-polarized macrophages in OSCC patients with periodontitis were more enriched (27.01%±2.12%) compared with those of OSCC patients without periodontitis (17.00%±3.66%). The OSCC mice with periodontitis (PO group) had tumors of larger size and lower survival rate than OSCC mice (O group) did. Furthermore, the expression rate of Ki67-positive cells (35.49%±5.00%) was significantly higher than that of O group (23.89%±4.13%) ( P<0.05). According to the results of flow cytometry, M2 macrophage expression (24.97%±4.41%) in PO group was higher than that of O group (5.75%±0.52%) ( P<0.05). In addition, qPCR results showed that gene expression of M2 macrophage-related factors, Arg1, IL-10, and CD206, showed an overall upward trend. Immunohistochemistry results showed that the positive expression of M2 macrophages was significantly increased in the PO group (21.82%±4.16%) compared to that of the O group (9.64%±0.60%) ( P<0.05). Mice in the PO group showed changes in their oral flora structure, exhibiting increased bands and diversity. The white pulp in their spleen tissue decreased and the boundary of the red pulp became indistinct with severe bleeding. The morphology of the colon glands was abnormal and the U-shaped crypt was damaged rather seriously. According to the results of cell experiment, when co-culturing PBMC with SCC7 cells, the presence of periodontitis microorganisms increased the polarization of M2 macrophages (71.00%±0.66%). Conclusion: Periodontitis promotes the development of OSCC by inducing M2 polarization in tumor-associated macrophages. Hence, periodontitis treatment holds important values for OSCC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Periodontite , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Animais , Camundongos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/complicações , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
10.
Cancer Res ; 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637424

RESUMO

Retinoblastoma (RB) protein can exert tumor suppressor functions even when it becomes phosphorylated. It is thus essential to understand how phosphorylated RB (p-RB) expression and function are regulated. Here we demonstrated that RING finger domain protein TRIM28 bound and promoted ubiquitination and degradation of CDK4/6-phosphorylated RB protein. SETDB1, a known TRIM28 binding partner, protected p-RB from degradation through the binding of methylated RB by its Tudor domain independent of its methyltransferase activity. SETDB1 was found to be frequently overexpressed due to gene amplification and positively correlated with p-RB in prostate cancer patient specimens. Inhibition of SETDB1 expression using a gene-specific antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) reduced tumor growth but accelerated RB protein degradation, limiting the therapeutic efficacy. However, co-administration of CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib blocked ASO-induced RB degradation and resulted in a much greater cancer-inhibitory effect than each inhibitor alone both in vitro and in vivo. This study identified CDK4/6-dependent, TRIM28-mediated proteasomal degradation as a mechanism of RB inactivation and reveals SETDB1 as a key inhibitor of this process. Our findings suggest that combined targeting of SETDB1 and CDK4/6 represents a viable approach for treatment of cancers with SETDB1 gene amplification or overexpression.

11.
Comput Biol Med ; 152: 106385, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous traditional filtering approaches and deep learning-based methods have been proposed to improve the quality of ultrasound (US) image data. However, their results tend to suffer from over-smoothing and loss of texture and fine details. Moreover, they perform poorly on images with different degradation levels and mainly focus on speckle reduction, even though texture and fine detail enhancement are of crucial importance in clinical diagnosis. METHODS: We propose an end-to-end framework termed US-Net for simultaneous speckle suppression and texture enhancement in US images. The architecture of US-Net is inspired by U-Net, whereby a feature refinement attention block (FRAB) is introduced to enable an effective learning of multi-level and multi-contextual representative features. Specifically, FRAB aims to emphasize high-frequency image information, which helps boost the restoration and preservation of fine-grained and textural details. Furthermore, our proposed US-Net is trained essentially with real US image data, whereby real US images embedded with simulated multi-level speckle noise are used as an auxiliary training set. RESULTS: Extensive quantitative and qualitative experiments indicate that although trained with only one US image data type, our proposed US-Net is capable of restoring images acquired from different body parts and scanning settings with different degradation levels, while exhibiting favorable performance against state-of-the-art image enhancement approaches. Furthermore, utilizing our proposed US-Net as a pre-processing stage for COVID-19 diagnosis results in a gain of 3.6% in diagnostic accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed framework can help improve the accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis.


Assuntos
Teste para COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Humanos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Algoritmos
12.
Anal Chem ; 95(2): 1280-1286, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36574347

RESUMO

The detection of circulating tumor microRNAs (miRNAs) holds great promise for the noninvasive and early-stage diagnosis of cancer. However, the low abundance of lung cancer-related miRNAs and the false-positive results of single miRNA detection limited the development of strip-based point-of-care testing methods in clinic. We developed a duplex-specific nuclease (DSN)-mediated and dual-AND logic gate-based triple-line lateral flow strip detection system for the rapid and simultaneous detection of four miRNAs of lung cancer in a single strip test. This system combines DSN-mediated signal amplification with AND logic gate-based simple signal output. Meanwhile, the limit of detection of this platform was calculated to be 26.51 fM. Furthermore, this assay was used to detect lung cancer-related miRNAs from serum in a homogeneous and separation-free format, which could discriminate lung cancer patients from healthy individuals with an accuracy of 100%. Our approach provides a simple and easy-to-handle method for the diagnosis of lung cancer in clinic.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNA Circulante , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
13.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1019870, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466840

RESUMO

Skeletal undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (SUPS) is an invasive pleomorphic soft tissue sarcoma with a high degree of malignancy and poor prognosis. It is prone to recur and metastasize. The tumor microenvironment (TME) and the pathophysiology of SUPS are barely described. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) provides an opportunity to dissect the landscape of human diseases at an unprecedented resolution, particularly in diseases lacking animal models, such as SUPS. We performed scRNA-seq to analyze tumor tissues and paracancer tissues from a SUPS patient. We identified the cell types and the corresponding marker genes in this SUPS case. We further showed that CD8+ exhausted T cells and Tregs highly expressed PDCD1, CTLA4 and TIGIT. Thus, PDCD1, CTLA4 and TIGIT were identified as potential targets in this case. We applied copy number karyotyping of aneuploid tumors (CopyKAT) to distinguish malignant cells from normal cells in fibroblasts. Our study identified eight malignant fibroblast subsets in SUPS with distinct gene expression profiles. C1-malignant Fibroblast and C6-malignant Fibroblast in the TME play crucial roles in tumor growth, angiogenesis, metastasis and immune response. Hence, targeting malignant fibroblasts could represent a potential strategy for this SUPS therapy. Intervention via tirelizumab enabled disease control, and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) of PD-1 may be considered as the first-line option in patients with SUPS. Taken together, scRNA-seq analyses provided a powerful basis for this SUPS treatment, improved our understanding of complex human diseases, and may afforded an alternative approach for personalized medicine in the future.


Assuntos
Sarcoma , Microambiente Tumoral , Animais , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Antígeno CTLA-4 , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Sarcoma/genética , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico
14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1013248, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466855

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world with high morbidity and mortality. Identifying an effective marker for predicting the prognosis and therapeutic response is extremely meaningful. Angiogenesis-related genes (ARGs) play important roles in the tumor progression and immune-suppressive microenvironment formation. Methods: The differential expressed ARGs associated with the prognosis of HCC were identified in the TCGA dataset. Univariate Cox and least absolute shrinkage selection operator (LASSO) regression were applied to construct a ARGs Scoring model. The prognostic value of the ARGs Scoring model was assessed by Cox regression, Kaplan-Meier (KM) and ROC curve analyses. Then the model was further validated in an external dataset, ICGC dataset. The patients were split into two groups based on the ARGs Score and the clinical features were compared. TIMER, CIBERSORT and xCell algorithms were utilized to analyze the correlation between the ARGs Score and tumor immune microenvironment (TIME). Furthermore, we analyzed the efficacy of the model in predicting the therapeutic response for immunotherapy, targeted therapy and TACE treatment in different cohorts. Results: A total of 97 differential expressed ARGs were identified relating to the prognosis of HCC patients from the TCGA dataset. Then the ARGs Scoring model based on a 9-gene signature was constructed using the Cox and LASSO regression analyses. Higher ARGs Score had a poor clinical outcome and was considered to be an independent prognostic predictor for HCC in the multivariate Cox analysis. The ARGs Score was related to the enrichment of various immune cells, such as CD4+ T cells, Treg, macrophage, neutrophil and dendritic cells, exhibiting a more immunosuppressive phenotype. Higher ARGs Score was correlated with higher expression of immune checkpoint genes and poor response to immunotherapy. Furthermore, higher ARGs Score indicated poor therapeutic response in the sorafenib and TACE treatment cohorts, individually. Conclusions: The ARGs Scoring model exhibited robust predictive value for the prognosis and TIME for HCC patients. Higher ARGs Score indicated poor therapeutic response of the immunotherapy, sorafenib and TACE treatment. The ARGs Scoring model could be used as a biomarker to help physicians to develop more individualized treatment for HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Sorafenibe , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
15.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1021661, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467038

RESUMO

Background: Pneumonia, caused by infection or other factors, seriously endangers the health of children. Meropenem is an effective broad-spectrum antibiotic using in the treatment of infectious diseases. In the therapy of pneumonia, meropenem is mostly employed for the treatment of moderate to severe pneumonia. Previously, we established a population pharmacokinetics (PPK) model for meropenem in pediatric severe infection and simulated the control rate of the time during which the free plasma concentration of meropenem exceeds the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is 70% of the dosing interval (70% fT > MIC). Therefore, we plan to conduct a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare the efficacy and safety between conventional regimen and model regimen for meropenem in pediatric severe pneumonia. Methods: One hundred patients (aged 3 months to 15 years) will be recruited in this RCT. They will be assigned randomly (at a 1:1 ratio) to a conventional treatment group (20 mg/kg, q8h, with 0.5-1 h infusion) and a model treatment group (20 mg/kg, q8 h, with 4 h infusion). The primary outcome will be 70% fT > MIC. Secondary outcomes will be the prevalence of meropenem therapy failure, duration of antibiotic therapy, changes in levels of inflammatory indicators, changes in imaging examination results, and prevalence of adverse events. Ethical approval of our clinical trial has been granted by the ethics committee of Beijing Children's Hospital ([2022]-E-133-Y). This trial has been registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2200061207). Discussion: Based on our previous PPK data, we have designed this RCT. It is hoped that it will promote rational use of antibacterial drugs in children suffering from severe pneumonia. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn identifier, ChiCTR2200061207.

16.
Front Chem ; 10: 1073473, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505754

RESUMO

In this minireview, we comprehensively reviewed recent progress on fabricating anti-icing/de-icing surfaces by femtosecond laser technologies. Typical bioinspired micro-/nano-structures fabrication strategies, superhydrophobic surfaces with anti-icing properties, and photothermal surfaces with de-icing properties are summarized. At last, we discussed challenges and prospects in anti-icing/de-icing surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser technologies.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512067

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radioactive iodine (131I) therapy is a conventional post-surgery treatment widely used for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Since 131I is orally administered, we hypothesize that it may affect gut microbiome. This study aims to investigate alterations of intestinal microbiome caused by 131I therapy in PTC patients and explore its association with response to 131I therapy. METHODS: Fecal samples of 60 PTC patients pre- and post-131I therapy were collected to characterize the 131I therapy-induced gut microbiota alterations using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. According to the inclusion criteria, sequence data of 40 out of the 60 patients, divided into excellent response (ER) group and non-excellent response (NER) group, were recruited to investigate the possible connection between gut microbiota and response to 131I therapy. Multivariate binary logistic regression was employed to construct a predictive model for response to 131I therapy. RESULTS: Microbial richness, diversity, and composition were tremendously altered by 131I therapy. A significant decline of Firmicutes to Bacteroides (F/B) ratio was observed post-131I therapy. 131I therapy also led to changes of gut microbiome-related metabolic pathways. Discrepancies in ß diversity were found between ER and NER groups both pre- and post-131I therapy. Furthermore, a predictive model for response to 131I therapy with a p value of 0.003 and an overall percentage correct of 80.0% was established, with three variables including lymph node metastasis, relative abundance of g_Bifidobacterium and g_Dorea. Among them, g_Dorea was identified to be an in independent predictor of response to 131I therapy (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: For the first time, the present study demonstrates the gut microbial dysbiosis caused by 131I therapy in post-surgery PTC patients and reveals a previously undefined role of gut microbiome as predictor for 131I ablation response. G_Dorea and g_Bifidobacterium may be potential targets for clinical intervention to improve response to 131I in post-operative PTC patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2100048000. Registered 28 June 2021.

18.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2206335, 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563135

RESUMO

CD73, a cell surface-bound nucleotidase, facilitates extracellular adenosine formation by hydrolyzing 5'-AMP to adenosine. Several studies have shown that CD73 plays an essential role in immune escape, cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis, making it an attractive target for cancer therapies. However, there are limited clinical benefits associated with the mainstream enzymatic inhibitors of CD73, suggesting that the mechanism underlying the role of CD73 in tumor progression is more complex than anticipated, and further investigation is necessary. In this study, CD73 is found to overexpress in the cytoplasm of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells and promotes metastasis in a nucleotidase-independent manner, which cannot be restrained by the CD73 monoclonal antibodies or small-molecule enzymatic inhibitors. Furthermore, CD73 promotes the metastasis of PDAC by binding to the E3 ligase TRIM21, competing with the Snail for its binding site. Additionally, a CD73 transcriptional inhibitor, diclofenac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is more effective than the CD73 blocking antibody for the treatment of PDAC metastasis. Diclofenac also enhances the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine in the spontaneous KPC (LSL-KrasG12D/+ , LSL-Trp53R172H/+ , and Pdx-1-Cre) pancreatic cancer model. Therefore, diclofenac may be an effective anti-CD73 therapy, when used alone or in combination with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy regimen, for metastatic PDAC.

19.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 1036161, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36478947

RESUMO

Pseudorabies (PR) is an important infectious disease of swine that causes enormous economic losses to the swine industry in China. Immunization with vaccines is a routine practice to control this disease. PRV inactivated vaccines usually require a booster vaccination to provide complete immune protection. Therefore, Astragalus saponins (AST) have been added as an immunopotentiator to improve the immune efficacy and reduce the immunization times for the PRV inactivated vaccine. The results in mice have shown that a single dose of AST-adjuvanted PRV inactivated vaccine promoted higher production of gB-specific IgG, IgG1, and IgG2a and neutralizing antibody, secretion of Th1-type (IFN-γ) and Th2-type (IL-4) cytokines, and lymphocyte proliferation than mice immunized without AST. Compared to mice immunized without AST, a single dose of the AST-adjuvanted PRV inactivated vaccine improved the survival percentage of mice and reduced the PRV viral loads in the lungs and brains after lethal challenge. In summary, AST was an effective immunopotentiator to improve the immune efficacy of a single dose PRV inactivated vaccine.

20.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(6): 619-625, 2022 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546123

RESUMO

The surface of nanocrystals plays a dominant role in many of their physical and chemical properties. However, controllability and tunability of nanocrystal surfaces remain unsolved. Herein, we report that the surface chemistry of nanocrystals, such as near-infrared Ag2Se quantum dots (QDs), is size-dependent and composition-tunable. The Ag2Se QDs tend to form a stable metal complex on the surface to minimize the surface energy, and therefore the surface chemistry can be varied with particle size. Meanwhile, changes in surface inorganic composition lead to reorganization of the surface ligands, and the surface chemistry also varies with composition. Therefore, the surface chemistry of Ag2Se QDs, responsible for the photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield and photostability, can be tuned by changing their size or composition. Accordingly, we demonstrate that the PL intensity of the Ag2Se QDs can be tuned reversely by adjusting the degree of surface Ag+ enrichment via light irradiation or the addition of AgNO3. This work provides insight into the control of QD surface for desired PL properties.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Pontos Quânticos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Semicondutores , Tamanho da Partícula
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