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J Food Prot ; 86(9): 100128, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37442229


The presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in dairy products made with raw milk is a major concern for food safety authorities and industries. Two approaches have been proposed to isolate STEC from food. In the IC-Protocol (immuno-concentration protocol), specific serogroups are identified in the enrichment broth after the detection of the stx and eae genes. An immuno-concentration of the targeted serogroups is performed before isolating them on specific media. In the DI-Protocol (direct isolation protocol), a direct isolation of all STEC present in the enrichment broth is carried out after the detection of stx genes. We compared the ability of these two methods to isolate STEC O26:H11, O103:H2, O111:H8, O145:H28, and O157:H7 after artificial inoculation in four different raw milk cheeses. Across all serogroups and cheese types, STEC were isolated in 83.3% of samples when using the IC-Protocol but only 53.3% of samples with the DI-Protocol. For two cheese types, the DI-Protocol failed to isolate STEC O157:H7 strains altogether. Our results suggest that IC-Protocol is a robust methodology to effectively isolate STEC across a range of cheese types.

Queijo , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Leite , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/classificação , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/genética , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Leite/microbiologia , Queijo/microbiologia , Sorotipagem , Reações Falso-Negativas