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1.
Chemistry ; 27(15): 4913-4926, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470473

RESUMO

Owing to the limited availability of suitable precursors for vapor phase deposition of rare-earth containing thin-film materials, new or improved precursors are sought after. In this study, we explored new precursors for atomic layer deposition (ALD) of cerium (Ce) and ytterbium (Yb) containing thin films. A series of homoleptic tris-guanidinate and tris-amidinate complexes of cerium (Ce) and ytterbium (Yb) were synthesized and thoroughly characterized. The C-substituents on the N-C-N backbone (Me, NMe2 , NEt2 , where Me=methyl, Et=ethyl) and the N-substituents from symmetrical iso-propyl (iPr) to asymmetrical tertiary-butyl (tBu) and Et were systematically varied to study the influence of the substituents on the physicochemical properties of the resulting compounds. Single crystal structures of [Ce(dpdmg)3 ] 1 and [Yb(dpdmg)3 ] 6 (dpdmg=N,N'-diisopropyl-2-dimethylamido-guanidinate) highlight a monomeric nature in the solid-state with a distorted trigonal prismatic geometry. The thermogravimetric analysis shows that the complexes are volatile and emphasize that increasing asymmetry in the complexes lowers their melting points while reducing their thermal stability. Density functional theory (DFT) was used to study the reactivity of amidinates and guanidinates of Ce and Yb complexes towards oxygen (O2 ) and water (H2 O). Signified by the DFT calculations, the guanidinates show an increased reactivity toward water compared to the amidinate complexes. Furthermore, the Ce complexes are more reactive compared to the Yb complexes, indicating even a reactivity towards oxygen potentially exploitable for ALD purposes. As a representative precursor, the highly reactive [Ce(dpdmg)3 ] 1 was used for proof-of-principle ALD depositions of CeO2 thin films using water as co-reactant. The self-limited ALD growth process could be confirmed at 160 °C with polycrystalline cubic CeO2 films formed on Si(100) substrates. This study confirms that moving towards nitrogen-coordinated rare-earth complexes bearing the guanidinate and amidinate ligands can indeed be very appealing in terms of new precursors for ALD of rare earth based materials.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 59(14): 10059-10070, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589409

RESUMO

Nickel-based nanostructured materials have gained widespread attention, particularly for energy-related applications. Employing chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for NiO necessitates suitable nickel precursors that are volatile and stable. Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of a series of new nickel ß-ketoiminato complexes with different aliphatic and etheric side chain substitutions, namely, bis(4-(isopropylamino)-pent-3-en-2-onato)nickel(II) ([Ni(ipki)2], 1), bis(4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)nickel(II) ([Ni(meki)2], 2), bis(4-(2-ethoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)nickel(II) ([Ni(eeki)2], 3), bis(4-(3-methoxy-propylamino)-pent-3-en-2-onato)nickel(II) ([Ni(mpki)2], 4), and bis(4-(3-ethoxypropylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)nickel(II) ([Ni(epki)2], 5). These compounds have been thoroughly characterized with regard to their purity and identity by means of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and electron impact mass spectrometry (EI-MS). Contrary to other transition metal ß-ketoiminates, the imino side chain strongly influences the structural geometry of the complexes, which was ascertained via single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD). As a result, the magnetic momenta of the molecules also differ significantly as evidenced by the magnetic susceptibility measurements employing Evan's NMR method in solution. Thermal analysis revealed the suitability of these compounds as new class of precursors for CVD of Ni containing materials. As a representative precursor, compound 2 was evaluated for the CVD of NiO thin films on Si(100) and conductive glass substrates. The as-deposited nanostructured layers were stoichiometric and phase pure NiO as confirmed by XRD, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), and nuclear reaction analysis (NRA). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) indicated the formation of slightly oxygen-rich surfaces. The assessment of NiO films in electrocatalysis revealed promising activity for the oxygen evolution reactions (OER). The current densities of 10 mA cm-2 achieved at overpotentials ranging between 0.48 and 0.52 V highlight the suitability of the new Ni complexes in CVD processes for the fabrication of thin film electrocatalysts.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(49): 16224-16227, 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260065

RESUMO

A new N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-based silver amide compound, 1,3-di-tert-butyl-imidazolin-2-ylidene silver(I) 1,1,1-trimethyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)silanaminide [(NHC)Ag(hmds)] was synthesized and analyzed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, 1 H and 13 C NMR spectroscopy, as well as EI mass spectrometry, and subsequently evaluated for its thermal characteristics. This new halogen- and phosphine-free Ag atomic layer deposition (ALD) precursor was tested successfully for silver thin film growth in atmospheric pressure plasma enhanced spatial (APP-ALD). High-purity conductive Ag thin films with a low sheet resistance of 0.9 Ω/sq (resistivity: 10-5  Ωcm) were deposited at 100 °C and characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, optical transmittance, and Rutherford back-scattering techniques. The carbene-based Ag precursor and the new APP-ALD process are significant developments in the field of precursor chemistry as well as metal ALD processing.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 57(9): 5133-5144, 2018 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29664288

RESUMO

A series of six cobalt ketoiminates, of which one was previously reported but not explored as a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) precursor, namely, bis(4-(isopropylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)cobalt(II) ([Co( ipki)2], 1), bis(4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)cobalt(II) ([Co(meki)2], 2), bis(4-(2-ethoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)cobalt(II) ([Co(eeki)2], 3), bis(4-(3-methoxy-propylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)cobalt(II) ([Co(mpki)2], 4), bis(4-(3-ethoxypropylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)cobalt(II) ([Co(epki)2], 5), and bis(4-(3-isopropoxypropylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)cobalt(II) ([Co( ippki)2], 6) were synthesized and thoroughly characterized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies on compounds 1-3 revealed a monomeric structure with distorted tetrahedral coordination geometry. Owing to the promising thermal properties, metalorganic CVD of CoO x was performed using compound 1 as a representative example. The thin films deposited on Si(100) consisted of the spinel-phase Co3O4 evidenced by XRD, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry/nuclear reaction analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Photoelectrochemical water-splitting capabilities of spinel CoO x films grown on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) and TiO2-coated FTO revealed that the films show p-type behavior with conduction band edge being estimated to -0.9 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode. With a thin TiO2 underlayer, the CoO x films exhibit photocurrents related to proton reduction under visible light.

5.
Chemistry ; 23(45): 10768-10772, 2017 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28665519

RESUMO

Identification and synthesis of intramolecularly donor-stabilized aluminium(III) complexes, which contain a 3-(dimethylamino)propyl (DMP) ligand, as novel atomic layer deposition (ALD) precursors has enabled the development of new and promising ALD processes for Al2 O3 thin films at low temperatures. Key for this promising outcome is the nature of the ligand combination that leads to heteroleptic Al complexes encompassing optimal volatility, thermal stability and reactivity. The first ever example of the application of this family of Al precursors for ALD is reported here. The process shows typical ALD like growth characteristics yielding homogeneous, smooth and high purity Al2 O3 thin films that are comparable to Al2 O3 layers grown by well-established, but highly pyrophoric, trimethylaluminium (TMA)-based ALD processes. This is a significant development based on the fact that these compounds are non-pyrophoric in nature and therefore should be considered as an alternative to the industrial TMA-based Al2 O3 ALD process used in many technological fields of application.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 45(47): 19012-19023, 2016 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27853779

RESUMO

Molecular engineering of seven closely related zinc ketoiminates, namely, [Zn(dapki)2], [Zn(daeki)2], [Zn(epki)2], [Zn(eeki)2], [Zn(mpki)2], [Zn(meki)2], and [Zn(npki)2], leads to the optimisation of precursor thermal properties in terms of volatilisation rate, onset of volatilisation, reactivity and thermal stability. The influence of functional groups at the imine side chain of the ligands on the precursor properties is studied with regard to their viability as precursors for atomic layer deposition (ALD) of ZnO. The synthesis of [Zn(eeki)2], [Zn(epki)2] and [Zn(dapki)2] and the crystal structures of [Zn(mpki)2], [Zn(eeki)2], [Zn(dapki)2] and [Zn(npki)2] are presented. From the investigation of the physico-chemical characteristics, it was inferred that all compounds are monomeric, volatile and exhibit high thermal stability, all of which make them promising ALD precursors. Compound [Zn(eeki)2] is in terms of thermal properties the most promising Zn-ketoiminate. It is reactive towards water, possesses a melting point of 39 °C, is stable up to 24 days at 220 °C and has an extended volatilisation rate compared to the literature known Zn-ketoiminates. It demonstrated self-saturated, water assisted growth of zinc oxide (ZnO) with growth rates in the order of 1.3 Å per cycle. Moreover, it displayed a broad temperature window from TDep = 175-300 °C and is the first report of a stable high temperature (>200 °C) ALD process for ZnO returning highly promising growth rates.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 53(17): 4327-31, 2014 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24700545

RESUMO

Heterometal-doped gold clusters are poorly accessible through wet-chemical approaches and main-group-metal- or early-transition-metal-doped gold clusters are rare. Compounds [M(AuPMe3 )11 (AuCl)](3+) (M=Pt, Pd, Ni) (1-3), [Ni(AuPPh3 )(8-2n) (AuCl)3 (AlCp*)n ] (n=1, 2) (4, 5), and [Mo(AuPMe3 )8 (GaCl2 )3 (GaCl)](+) (6) were selectively obtained by the transmetalation of [M(M'Cp*)n ] (M=Mo, E=Ga, n=6; M=Pt, Pd, Ni, M'=Ga, Al, n=4) with [ClAuPR3 ] (R=Me, Ph) and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and ESI mass spectrometry. DFT calculations were used to analyze the bonding situation. The transmetalation proved to be a powerful tool for the synthesis of heterometal-doped gold clusters with a design rule based on the 18 valence electron count for the central metal atom M and in agreement with the unified superatom concept based on the jellium model.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 43(6): 2384-96, 2014 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24302073

RESUMO

Treatment of tetrakis(diethylamido)zirconium(IV); [Zr(NEt2)4] with a series of ß-ketoimines ({[RHN]C(CH3)=C(H)C(CH3)=O} where R is a functionalized side-chain; 4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hmeap; 4-(3-methoxypropylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hmpap; 4-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hdeap; 4-(3-(dimethylamino)propylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hdpap) leads to an amine substitution reaction that yielded novel monomeric heteroleptic mixed amido-ketoiminato complexes of the type bis(4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)bis(diethylamido)zirconium(IV) (1), bis(4-(3-methoxypropylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)bis(diethylamido)zirconium(IV) (2), and bis(4-(3-(dimethylamino)propylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)bis(diethylamido)zirconium(IV) (3), and eight-coordinated homoleptic complexes tetrakis(4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)zirconium(IV) (4) and tetrakis(4-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)zirconium(IV) (5), depending on the ratio of the ligand to zirconium. Adopting a similar strategy with zirconium alkoxide, namely [Zr(O(i)Pr)4·(i)PrOH], with ß-ketoimine Hmeap, leads to the formation of a dimer, bis(µ2-isopropoxo)bis(4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)tetrakis(isopropoxo)dizirconium(IV) (6). The newly synthesised complexes were characterized by NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis and thermal analysis. The low decomposition temperature facilitated by the stepwise elimination of the ketominate ligand from the complex and the stability of the complexes obtained in air as well as in solution makes them highly suitable for solution based processing of ZrO2 thin films, which is demonstrated using compound 5 on Si(100) substrates. High quality ZrO2 films were obtained and were investigated for their structure, morphology, composition and optical properties. Low temperature crystallisation of ZrO2 is achieved by a simple chemical deposition process using the new class of Zr precursors and the films exhibit an optical transmittance above 90%.

9.
J Phys Chem B ; 117(37): 10785-91, 2013 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24011400

RESUMO

Two novel cyclo(Boc-Cys-Pro-Leu-Cys-OMe) peptides 1 and 2 containing the enantiomeric amino acids d-Leu and l-Leu, respectively, were synthesized to investigate the effect of chiral centers on peptide conformations. By combining a variety of experimental techniques (X-ray crystallography, 2D NMR spectroscopy, temperature-dependent (1)H NMR and IR spectroscopy, and UV-CD spectroscopy) with replica exchange molecular dynamics (REMD) techniques and quantum mechanics/molecular dynamics (QM/MM) calculations, we establish that the stereochemistry of just one residue can noticeably influence the properties of the whole peptide and rationalize the origins of this effect, with potential implications for the rational design of peptides of chemical and biological relevance.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Cíclicos/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Teoria Quântica , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Estereoisomerismo , Temperatura
10.
Acta Crystallogr C ; 69(Pt 6): 573-6, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23744369

RESUMO

The title compound, [K(C14H23)(C4H8O)]n, comprises zigzag chains of alternating bridging 2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-1-n-pentylcyclopentadienyl ligands and potassium ions, with an ancillary tetrahydrofuran ligand in the coordination environment of potassium. The coordination polymer strands so formed extend by 21 screw symmetry in the b-axis direction. The chemically modified cyclopentadienyl ligand, with a tethered n-pentyl group, was synthesized from 2,3,4,5-tetramethylcyclopent-2-enone by a Grignard reaction.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 49(28): 2858-60, 2013 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23381663

RESUMO

Compounds Cp*AlH2 (1) and Cp*2AlH (2) reductively eliminate Cp*H in benzene or toluene under reflux conditions to give Al(s) and AlCp*, respectively.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 52(1): 450-4, 2013 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23169591

RESUMO

Much π and no σ: quantum chemical calculations showed that the Ge atoms of the Ga(2)Ge(2) core in Ge(2)[Ga(DPP)](2) are not bonded by σ interactions, but rather by a transannular π interaction. The compound is formed by reduction of (PCy(3))⋅GeCl(2) with Ga(DDP)/KC(8) which also yielded a further product Ge(4)[Ga(DPP)](2) with a Ge(4) tetrahedron (DDP=HC(CMeNC(6)H(3)-2,6-iPr(2))(2)).

13.
Inorg Chem ; 52(1): 286-96, 2013 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23231638

RESUMO

Five new homoleptic gadolinium tris-amidinate complexes are reported, which were synthesized via the salt-elimination reaction of GdCl(3) with 3 equiv of lithiated symmetric and asymmetric amidinates at ambient temperature. The Gd-tris-amidinates [Gd{(N(i)Pr)(2)CR}(3)] [R = Me (1), Et (2), (t)Bu (3), (n)Bu (4)] and [Gd{(NEt)(N(t)Bu)CMe}(3)] (5) are solids at room temperature and sublime at temperatures of about 125 °C (6 × 10(-2) mbar) with the exception of compound 4, which is a viscous liquid at room temperature. According to X-ray diffraction analysis of 3 and 5 as representative examples of the series, the complexes adopt a distorted octahedral structure in the solid state. Mass spectrometric (MS) data confirmed the monomeric structure in the gas phase, and high-resolution MS allowed the identification of characteristic fragments, such as [{(N(i)Pr)(2)CR}GdCH(3)](+) and [{(N(i)Pr)(2)CR}GdNH](+). The alkyl substitution patterns of the amidinate ligands clearly show an influence on the thermal properties, and specifically, the introduction of the asymmetric carbodiimide leads to a lowering of the onset of volatilization and decomposition. Compound 5, which is the first Gd complex with an asymmetric amidinate ligand system to be reported, was, therefore, tested for the MOCVD of GdN thin films. The as-deposited GdN films were capped with Cu in a subsequent MOCVD process to prevent postdeposition oxidation of the films. Cubic GdN on Si(100) substrates with a preferred orientation in the (200) direction were grown at 750 °C under an ammonia atmosphere and exhibited a columnar morphology and low levels of C or O impurities according to scanning electron microscopy, Rutherford backscattering, and nuclear reaction analysis.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 41(1): 149-55, 2012 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22048471

RESUMO

Iron oxide is a key multi-functional material in many different fields of modern technology. The ß-Fe(2)O(3) cubic phase, one of the least studied Fe-O systems, was obtained by Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) using for the first time a Fe(II) ß-diketonate diamine complex, Fe(hfa)(2)·TMEDA, as the molecular source (hfa = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2,4-pentanedionate; TMEDA = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine). The strong visible light absorption of ß-Fe(2)O(3) deposits highlights their possible functional application in photocatalytic hydrogen production under solar light. A comprehensive investigation on the Fe(ii) complex, performed by a joint experimental-theoretical approach, explains the molecular origin of its excellent thermal behaviour and reveals why this species is a successful precursor for the CVD of iron oxide nanostructures.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 40(1): 62-78, 2011 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21079835

RESUMO

A series of malonate complexes of dysprosium were synthesized as potential metalorganic precursors for Dy containing oxide thin films using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) related techniques. The steric bulkiness of the dialkylmalonato ligand employed was systematically varied and its influence on the resulting structural and physico-chemical properties that is relevant for MOCVD was studied. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the five homoleptic tris-malonato Dy complexes (1-5) are dimers with distorted square-face bicapped trigonal-prismatic geometry and a coordination number of eight. In an attempt to decrease the nuclearity and increase the solubility of the complexes in various solvents, the focus was to react these dimeric complexes with Lewis bases such as 2,2'-biypridyl and pyridine (6-9). This resulted in monomeric tris-malonato mono Lewis base adduct complexes with improved thermal properties. Finally considering the ease of synthesis, the monomeric nature and promising thermal characteristics, the silymalonate adduct complex [Dy(dsml)(3)bipy] (8) was selected as single source precursor for growing DySi(x)O(y) thin films by liquid injection metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (LI-MOCVD) process. The as-deposited films were analyzed for their morphology and composition by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, Rutherford backscattering (RBS) analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 49(17): 7976-80, 2010 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20704355

RESUMO

Activation of white phosphorus with Ga(DDP) (DDP = 2-diiso-propylphenylamino-4-diiso-propylphenylimino-2-pentene) afforded [(DDP)Ga(P(4))] (1) by insertion of the Ga(I) center at one of the six P-P bonded edges of the P(4) tetrahedron. Further reaction of 1 with three equivalents of Mo(CO)(6) results in the formation of [(DDP)Ga(eta(2:1:1)-P(4)){Mo(CO)(5)}(2)] x 2 toluene (2). Compounds 1 and 2 are characterized by (1)H, (13)C, and (31)P NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and single crystal X-ray structural analysis. The solid-state structure of molecule 1 reveals the first example of a structurally characterized GaP(4) core stabilized by a beta-diketiminate ligand. Compound 2 represents a rare type of coordination mode of a gallium supported P(4) butterfly structure.

17.
Chemistry ; 16(29): 8846-53, 2010 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20572179

RESUMO

The synthesis and structural characterisation of low-valent dinuclear copper(I) and copper(0) complexes supported by organogallium ligands has been accomplished for the first time by the reductive coordination reaction of [GaCp*] (Cp*=pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) and [Ga(ddp)] (ddp=HC(CMeNC(6)H(3)-2,6-iPr(2))(2) 2-diisopropylphenylamino-4-diisopropylphenylimino-2-pentene) with readily available copper(II) and copper(I) precursors. The treatment of CuBr(2) and Cu(OTf)(2) (OTf=CF(3)SO(3)) with [Ga(ddp)] under mild conditions resulted in elimination of [Ga(L)(2)(ddp)] (L=Br, OTf) and afforded the novel gallium(I)/copper(I) compounds [{(ddp)GaCu(L)}(2)] (L=Br (1), OTf (2)). The single-crystal X-ray structure determinations of 1 and 2 reveal that these molecules are composed of {(ddp)GaCu(L)} dimeric units, with planar Cu(I)-Ga(I) four-membered rings and short Cu(I)...Cu(I) distances, with 2 exhibiting the shortest Cu(I)Cu(I) contact reported to date of 2.277(3) A. The all-gallium coordinated dinuclear [Cu(2)(GaCp*)(mu-GaCp*)(3)Ga(OTf)(3)] (3) is formed when Cu(OTf)(2) is combined with [GaCp*] instead of [Ga(ddp)]. Notably, in the course of this redox reaction Lewis acidic Ga(OTf)(3) is formed, which coordinates to one of the electron-rich copper(0) centres. Compound 3 is suggested as the first case of a structurally characterised complex of copper(0). By changing the copper(II) to a copper(I) source, that is, [Cu(cod)(2)][OTf] (cod=1,5-cyclooctadiene), the salt [Cu(2)(GaCp*)(3)(mu-GaCp*)(2)][OTf](2) (4) is formed, the cationic part of which is related to previously described isoelectronic dinuclear d(10) complexes of the type [M(2)(GaCp*)(5)] (M=Pd, Pt).

18.
Chemistry ; 16(20): 6041-7, 2010 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20391574

RESUMO

Heavy-metal complexes of lead and mercury stabilized by Group 13 ligands were derived from the oxidative addition of Ga(ddp) (ddp=HC(CMeNC(6)H(3)-2,6-iPr(2))(2), 2-diisopropylphenylamino-4-diisopropyl phenylimino-2-pentene) with corresponding metal precursors. The reaction of Me(3)PbCl and Ga(ddp) afforded compound [{(ddp)Ga(Cl)}PbMe(3)] (1) composed of Ga-Pb(IV) bonds. In addition, the monomeric plumbylene-type compound [{(ddp)Ga(OSO(2)CF(3))}(2)Pb(thf)] (2a) with an unsupported Ga-Pb(II)-Ga linkage was obtained by the reaction of [Pb(OSO(2)CF(3))(3)] with Ga(ddp) (2 equiv). Compound 2a falls under the rare example of a discrete plumbylene-type compound supported by a nonclassical ligand. Interesting structural changes were observed when [Pb(OSO(2)CF(3))(3)]2.H(2)O was treated with Ga(ddp) in a 1:2 ratio to yield [{(ddp)Ga(mu-OSO(2)CF(3))}(2)(OH(2))Pb] (2b) at below -10 degrees C. Compound 2b consists of a bent Ga-Pb-Ga backbone with a bridging triflate group between the Ga-Pb bond and a weakly interacting water molecule at the gallium center. Similarly, the reaction of mercury thiolate Hg(SC(6)F(5)) with Ga(ddp) (2 equiv) produced the bimetallic homoleptic compounds anti-[{(ddp)Ga(SC(6)F(5))}(2)Hg] (3a) and gauche-[{(ddp)Ga(SC(6)F(5))}(2)Hg] (3b), respectively, with a linear Ga-Hg-Ga linkage. Compounds 1-3 were structurally characterized and these are the first examples of compounds comprised of Ga-Pb(II), Ga-Pb(IV), and Ga-Hg bonds.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 11(28): 5998-6007, 2009 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19588023

RESUMO

The physico-chemical properties of the beta-diketonate diamine Cu(ii) compound with hfa (1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2-4-pentanedionate) and TMEDA (N,N,N',N' tetramethylethylenediamine), Cu(hfa)(2).TMEDA, have been thoroughly investigated via an integrated multi-technique experimental-computational approach. In the newly found orthorhombic polymorph, as revealed by low temperature single-crystal X-ray studies, the complex is present as a monomer with a distorted octahedral geometry at the Cu(ii) centre. The compound sublimates, without premature side decompositions, at 343 K and 10(-3) Torr. The structural, vibrational, electronic and thermal behavior of the neutral Cu(hfa)(2).TMEDA complex has been investigated along with its fragmentation pathways, initiated by the release of an anionic hfa ligand with formation of a positive Cu(hfa).TMEDA(+) ion. Joint experimental and theoretical analyses led to the rationalization of the first fragmentation steps in terms of the Cu(ii)-ligands bonding properties and Jahn-Teller distortion. The present study suggests applications of Cu(hfa)(2).TMEDA as a precursor for copper and copper oxide materials by Chemical Vapor Deposition.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Etilenodiaminas/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Cristalografia por Raios X
20.
Dalton Trans ; (4): 654-63, 2009 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19378558

RESUMO

New Hf and Zr malonate complexes have been synthesized by the reaction of metal amides with different malonate ligands (L = dimethyl malonate (Hdmml), diethyl malonate (Hdeml), di-tert-butyl malonate (Hdbml) and bis(trimethylsilyl) malonate (Hbsml)). Homoleptic eight-coordinated monomeric compounds of the type ML4 were obtained for Hf with all the malonate ligands employed. In contrast, for Zr only Hdmml and Hdeml yielded the eight-coordinated monomeric compounds of the type ML4, while using the bulky Hdbml and Hbsml ligands resulted into mixed alkoxo-malonato six-coordinated compounds of the type [ML2(OR)2]. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies of all the compounds are presented and discussed, and they are found to be monomeric. The complexes are solids and in solution, they retain their monomeric nature as evidenced by NMR measurements. Compared to the classical beta-diketonate complexes, [M(acac)4] and [M(thd)4] (M = Hf, Zr; acac: acetylacetonate; thd: tetramethylheptadione), the new malonate compounds are more volatile, decompose at lower temperatures and have lower melting points. In particular, the homoleptic diethyl malonate complexes of Hf and Zr melt at temperatures as low as 62 degrees C. In addition, the compounds are very stable in air and can be sublimed quantitatively. The promising thermal properties makes these compounds interesting for metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). This was demonstrated by depositing HfO2 and ZrO2 thin films successfully with two representative Hf and Zr complexes.

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