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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155707

RESUMO

Comprehensive investigation of target interactions from native cellular environments is of paramount importance for natural products and related bioactive compounds in drug discovery and chemical biology. Current chemoproteomic tools such as in situ proteome profiling can do so effectively, but rely heavily on "tagged' probes accessible through traditional organic synthesis at a compound's reactive sites required for target binding. Late-stage functionalization may resolve such limitations by "tagging" compounds in a single step at biologically inert C-H bonds. In this viewpoint, we summarize recent advancements in late-stage C(sp 2 )-H functionalization of (hetero)arenes, which are present in many natural products, followed by suggesting new toolkits for more wide-spread use of such strategies to install natural products with next-generation "minimalist" linkers for in situ proteome profiling.

2.
Soft Matter ; 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220671

RESUMO

Surfaces with nonuniform wettability have attracted much attention recently due to their academic significance and applications in droplet lateral motion. In this study, numerical simulations and theoretical analyses are conducted to investigate the dynamic behaviors of a droplet impacting on a wettability-patterned surface, in which the superhydrophobic substrate is decorated with a hydrophilic pattern. An improved diffuse interface method coupled with the adaptive mesh-refinement technique and Kistler dynamic contact angle model is adopted to capture the interfacial evolution. After the validation of the numerical method, the dynamic mechanisms of impacting droplets are explored by analyzing the variation of the contact line and velocity profile. Then, systematic simulations are conducted using hydrophilic patterns with different geometric parameters. And the parameter of effective retraction area S is introduced to quantify the wettability patterns. On this basis, the general rules between the patterns and droplet lateral motion are established, and the design principles of hydrophilic patterns are obtained. The numerical results indicate that arc-shape hydrophilic patterns are more appropriate for realizing the droplet lateral motion, which can produce a larger lateral velocity and less residual liquid. In addition, the relevant motion parameters of the droplet are predicted more accurately by using the previous theoretical method. And the mechanism of energy transformation and dissipation is further revealed. Moreover, a simple and practical model is proposed to predict the lateral velocity using the effective retraction area.

3.
Metallomics ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206094

RESUMO

Rare earth elements (REEs) have caused bioaccumulation and adverse health effects attributed to extensive application. The penetrability of REEs across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) contributes to their neurotoxicity process, but potential mechanisms affecting BBB integrity are still obscure. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of lanthanum on BBB adheren junctions and the actin cytoskeleton in vitro using bEnd.3 cells. After lanthanum chloride (LaCl3, 0.125, 0.25 and 0.5 mM) treatment, cytotoxicity against bEnd.3 cells was observed accompanied by increased intracellular Ca2+. Higher paracellular permeability presented as decreased TEER (transendothelial electrical resistance) and increased HRP (horse radish peroxidase) permeation, and simultaneously reduced VE-cadherin expression and F-actin stress fiber formation caused by LaCl3 were reversed by inhibition of ROCK (Rho-kinase) and MLCK (myosin light chain kinase) using inhibitor Y27632 (10 µM) and ML-7 (10 µM). Moreover, chelating overloaded intracellular Ca2+ by BAPTA-AM (25 µM) remarkably abrogated RhoA/ROCK and MLCK activation and downstream phosphorylation of MYPT1 (myosin phosphatase target subunit 1) and MLC2 (myosin light chain 2), therefore alleviating LaCl3-induced BBB disruption and dysfunction. In conclusion, this study indicated that lanthanum caused endothelial barrier hyperpermeability accompanied by loss of VE-cadherin and rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton though intracellular Ca2+-mediated RhoA/ROCK and MLCK pathways.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231852

RESUMO

The pollution caused by chromium and its compounds has caused severe harm to the environment, and waste stabilization/solidification containing these contaminants by magnesium phosphate cement (MPC) is one of the best ways to address this problem. If the mechanism between Cr3+ and MPC can be understood, it will significantly improve the latter's solidification performance with respect to ameliorating Cr pollution. In this paper, the compressive strength, microstructure, pH in the process of sample hydration, and leaching toxicity of solidified forms were studied by adding various amounts of Cr3+ into MPC. The setting time of MPC decreased at first and then increased as the Cr3+ concentration increased. The added Cr3+ reacted with the phosphate ions to form mineral phases, which changed the MPC matrix structure. The matrix's compressive strength was higher when the M/P ratio (MgO/KH2PO4 mass ratio) was smaller. When the concentration of Cr3+ was constant, and the M/P ratio was low (< 4:1), the matrix's compressive strength increased as the M/P ratio increased. The presence of Cr3+ changed the system's pH and affected the hydration products' morphology; this trend strengthened as the Cr3+ concentration increased. The highest leaching concentration of Cr3+ was 0.255 mg/L, and the concentration decreased as the M/P ratio decreased. During solidification, the appropriate proportion of MPC can be selected according to the concentration of Cr3+ to achieve better solidification performance.

5.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131334

RESUMO

Two new compounds (1 and 2), belonging to C-20 oxygenated ent-kauranes-type diterpenoids, were identified from the aerial parts of Isodon serra. Their structures were elucidated by extensive analysis of HRESI-MS and NMR spectroscopic data. Both these two compounds possess a common 7,20-epoxy-ent-kauranes skeleton with a hydroxyl group rarely occurring at C-13. Compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against Hela-60 and HepG2 as well as the antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli.

6.
Elife ; 92020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138918

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) culture systems have fueled hopes to bring about the next generation of more physiologically relevant high-throughput screens (HTS). However, current protocols yield either complex but highly heterogeneous aggregates ('organoids') or 3D structures with less physiological relevance ('spheroids'). Here, we present a scalable, HTS-compatible workflow for the automated generation, maintenance, and optical analysis of human midbrain organoids in standard 96-well-plates. The resulting organoids possess a highly homogeneous morphology, size, global gene expression, cellular composition, and structure. They present significant features of the human midbrain and display spontaneous aggregate-wide synchronized neural activity. By automating the entire workflow from generation to analysis, we enhance the intra- and inter-batch reproducibility as demonstrated via RNA sequencing and quantitative whole mount high-content imaging. This allows assessing drug effects at the single-cell level within a complex 3D cell environment in a fully automated HTS workflow.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 133: 110962, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at determining the synergistic effects of Yuanhu Zhitong tablets (YHZTP) on alcohol-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in mice, in addition, the intervention mechanism was preliminarily explored based on traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) network pharmacology on alcohol addiction. METHODS: Alcohol-induced CPP mice were used to evaluate the effects of either YHZTP or levo-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP) plus imperatorin (IMP) administration on animal behavior. The network pharmacological strategy was used to establish the "compound-target" and "disease-drug-target" network. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were performed on the shared targets between the compound and the disease. Twelve algorithms on CytoHubba were used to find the hub genes that were verified by qPCR. RESULTS: Systemic administration (2 g/kg, i.p.) of ethanol (EtOH) to mice was used to induce CPP. YHZTP On its own did not induce CPP or conditioned place aversion (CPA) at the doses of 0.3 g/kg or 0.6 g/kg (i.g.), but attenuated the acquisition and expression of EtOH-induce CPP in mice. In addition, YHZTP (0.3 or 0.6 g/kg) did not exhibit any effect on the motor activity of mice. Acquisition of alcohol-induced CPP was blocked by a combination of l-THP (5 mg/kg, i.g.) + IMP (2.5 mg/kg, i.g.) or l-THP (10 mg/kg, i.g.) + IMP (5 mg/kg, i.g.). However, the combination of l-THP (2.5 mg/kg, i.g.) + IMP (1.25 mg/kg, i.g.) or mono-administration of l-THP and IMP did not exhibit any effect on alcohol-induced CPP. YHZTP was also shown to reverse the up-regulation of Gabra1, Ptgs2, Mapk1, Mapk8, Mapk14, Nr3c, Prkca and Sirt1 genes and the down-regulation of Hhtr2a and Drd2 genes in the prefrontal cortex of EtOH induced CPP mice. These genes were associated with neuroactive ligand-receptor interactions, activation of the sphingolipid, calcium, cAMP, ErbB, NF-kappa B and MAPK signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: YHZTP inhibits EtOH-induced CPP behavior in mice while a combination of l-THP and IMP exerts a synergistic effect on the reduction of EtOH-induced CPP. Possible pharmacological mechanisms include inhibition of the expression of inflammatory factors and regulation of neurotransmitter receptor levels. Therefore, YHZTP is a novel candidate for the treatment of alcohol addiction.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226767

RESUMO

Plasmonics has emerged as a promising methodology to promote chemical reactions and has become a field of intense research effort. Ag nanoparticles (NPs) as plasmonic catalysts have been extensively studied because of their remarkable optical properties. This review analyzes the emergence and development of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in organic chemistry, mainly focusing on the discovery of novel reactions with new mechanisms on Ag NPs. Initially, the basics of LSPR and LSPR-promoted photocatalytic mechanisms are illustrated. Then, the recent advances in plasmonic nanosilver-mediated photocatalysis in organic transformations are highlighted with an emphasis on the related reaction mechanisms. Finally, a proper perspective on the remaining challenges and future directions in the field of LSPR-promoted organic transformations is proposed.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(46): 51885-51903, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166458

RESUMO

Bone defect repair at load-bearing sites is a challenging clinical problem for orthopedists. Defect reconstruction with implants is the most common treatment; however, it requires the implant to have good mechanical properties and the capacity to promote bone formation. In recent years, the piezoelectric effect, in which electrical activity can be generated due to mechanical deformation, of native bone, which promotes bone formation, has been increasingly valued. Therefore, implants with piezoelectric effects have also attracted great attention from orthopedists. In this study, we developed a bioactive composite scaffold consisting of BaTiO3, a piezoelectric ceramic material, coated on porous Ti6Al4V. This composite scaffold showed not only appropriate mechanical properties, sufficient bone and blood vessel ingrowth space, and a suitable material surface topography but also a reconstructed electromagnetic microenvironment. The osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties of the scaffold were reflected by the proliferation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. The ability of the scaffold to support vascularization was reflected by the proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and their secretion of VEGF and PDGF-BB. A well-established sheep spinal fusion model was used to evaluate bony fusion in vivo. Sheep underwent implantation with different scaffolds, and X-ray, micro-computed tomography, van Gieson staining, and elemental energy-dispersive spectroscopy were used to analyze bone formation. Isolated cervical angiography and visualization analysis were used to assess angiogenesis at 4 and 8 months after transplantation. The results of cellular and animal studies showed that the piezoelectric effect could significantly reinforce osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Furthermore, we also discuss the molecular mechanism by which the piezoelectric effect promotes osteogenic differentiation and vascularization. In summary, Ti6Al4V scaffold coated with BaTiO3 is a promising composite biomaterial for repairing bone defects, especially at load-bearing sites, that may have great clinical translation potential.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5731, 2020 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184293

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that inducing neuronal mitophagy can be used as a therapeutic intervention for Alzheimer's disease. Here, we screen a library of 2024 FDA-approved drugs or drug candidates, revealing UMI-77 as an unexpected mitophagy activator. UMI-77 is an established BH3-mimetic for MCL-1 and was developed to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. We found that at sub-lethal doses, UMI-77 potently induces mitophagy, independent of apoptosis. Our mechanistic studies discovered that MCL-1 is a mitophagy receptor and directly binds to LC3A. Finally, we found that UMI-77 can induce mitophagy in vivo and that it effectively reverses molecular and behavioral phenotypes in the APP/PS1 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Our findings shed light on the mechanisms of mitophagy, reveal that MCL-1 is a mitophagy receptor that can be targeted to induce mitophagy, and identify MCL-1 as a drug target for therapeutic intervention in Alzheimer's disease.

11.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1002-1008, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210594

RESUMO

Objective To explore the effects of D-galactose (D-gal) on barrier function of murine TM4 sertoli cells and its mechanism. Methods TM4 cells were divided into control group and 25, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 mmol/L D-gal stimulation group. The viability of TM4 cells was determined by MTT assay. The protein expression levels of tight junction-related proteins including zonula occluden-1 (ZO-1) and occludin, adheren junction-related proteins including neural cadherin (N-cadherin), epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin) and ß-catenin, gap junction-related protein connexin43 (CX43) and cytoskeleton-related protein vimentin, and MAPK signaling pathway-related proteins ERK1/2, phosphorylated ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2), JNK, phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK), p38MAPK and phosphorylated p38MAPK (p-p38MAPK) were detected by Western blot analysis. Results Compared with the control group, the viability of TM4 cells significantly decreased when the concentration of D-gal was more than 50 mmol/L. In addition, the protein expression levels of ZO-1, occludin, N-cadherin, E-cadherin and ß-catenin were significantly down-regulated in D-gal-treated group, while the protein expression levels of p-p38MAPK were significantly up-regulated. However, there were no differences in the protein expression levels of CX43, vimentin, p-ERK, ERK1/2, p-JNK and JNK between the control group and D-gal-treated groups. Conclusion D-gal can disrupt tight junction and adheren junction of TM4 cells via the activation of p38MAPK signaling pathway.

12.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191584

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the over 10-year follow-up outcomes and analyse the reason for failure in patients who underwent black diaphragm intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for the management of traumatic aniridia. METHODS: Fifty-three patients underwent black diaphragm IOL implantation for the treatment of traumatic aniridia from September 1998 to August 2007. 33 eyes of 33 patients were enrolled in our study, and the mean follow-up period was 185.6 ± 36.2 months (range: 126-247 months). The primary methods employed for assessment of the safety of the IOL and the causes of failure were the ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and observation during reoperation. RESULTS: In the current study, 13 patients (39.4%) who underwent IOL implantation by means of trans-scleral fixation were observed to maintain a transparent cornea and normal intraocular pressure. 20 patients (60.6%) developed corneal endothelial decompensation, and 14 patients (42.4%) developed secondary glaucoma. 27 patients were examined by means of UBM or reoperation and the position of black diaphragm IOL in 18 patients was observed to be abnormal; the IOL had shifted forward and directly contacted with the anterior chamber and even the corneal endothelium. CONCLUSION: The forward displacement of black diaphragm IOL is a direct cause of treatment failure. Although the implantation of black diaphragm IOL is an effective method of management of traumatic aniridia, the treatment should be guarded and performed in an appropriate manner. Patients should be informed regarding the need for life-long follow-up, so that the complications can be identified in a timely manner.

13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 244, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smac mimetics are a type of drug that can induce apoptosis by antagonizing IAP family members in cancer treatment. However, a recent study showed that Smac mimetics can trigger cell invasion and migration in cancer cells by activating the NF-κB pathway. METHODS: We assessed lung cancer cell elongation, invasion and migration under treatment with the Smac mimetic LCL161. Functional analyses (in vitro and in vivo) were performed to detect the contribution of NIK and OTUD7B to LCL161-induced cell invasion and migration. The role of OTUD7B in regulation of the TRAF3/NIK/NF-κB pathway under LCL161 treatment was analysed by immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, luciferase and ubiquitin assays, shRNA silencing and plasmid overexpression. Expression levels of OTUD7B, NIK and TRAF3 in tissue samples from lung cancer patients were examined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: We found that LCL161 stimulates lung cancer cell elongation, invasion and migration at non-toxic concentrations. Mechanistically, LCL161 results in NIK accumulation and activates the non-canonical rather than the canonical NF-κB pathway to enhance the transcription of target genes, such as IL-2 and MMP-9. Importantly, knockdown of NIK dramatically suppresses LCL161-induced cell invasion and migration by reducing the proteolytic processing of p100 to p52 and target gene transcription. Interestingly, we discovered that OTUD7B increases TRAF3 and decreases NIK to inhibit the non-canonical NF-κB pathway and that overexpression of OTUD7B suppresses LCL161-induced cell invasion and migration. Notably, OTUD7B directly binds to TRAF3 rather than to NIK and deubiquitinates TRAF3, thereby inhibiting TRAF3 proteolysis and preventing NIK accumulation and NF-κB pathway activation. Furthermore, the OTU domain of OTUD7B is required for the inhibition of LCL161-induced cell invasion and migration, as demonstrated by transfection of the C194S/H358R(CH) mutant OTUD7B. Finally, we investigated whether OTUD7B inhibits LCL161-induced lung cancer cell intrapulmonary metastasis in vivo, and our analysis of clinical samples was consistent with the above findings. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the importance of OTUD7B in the suppression of LCL161-induced lung cancer cell invasion and migration, and the results are meaningful for selecting lung cancer patients suitable for LCL161 treatment.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22992, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126377

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is one of the most common types of chronic neuropathic pain, which seriously affects quality of the life because of pain severity and poor response to the currently available treatments. Ju Re Ba Du therapy as a form of acupuncture therapy which is proved to be effective in RCTs and very suitable for patients, has been used in Postherpetic neuralgia in patients for a long time, therefore a systematic review is necessary to provide available evidence for further study. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following databases will be searched from their inception to October 2020: Electronic database includes PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Nature, Science online, VIP medicine information, and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure). PRIMARY OUTCOME: pain intensity assessed on a visual analogue scale (VAS); Additional outcomes:Data will be extracted by two researchers independently, risk of bias of the meta-analysis will be evaluated based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. All data analysis will be conducted by data statistics software Review Manager V.5.3. and Stata V.12.0. RESULTS: The results of this study will systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Ju Re Ba Du therapy intervention for people with Postherpetic neuralgia. CONCLUSION: The systematic review of this study will summarize the current published evidence of Ju Re Ba Du therapy for the treatment of Postherpetic neuralgia, which can further guide the promotion and application of it. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study is a systematic review, the outcomes are based on the published evidence, so examination and agreement by the ethics committee are not required in this study. We intend to publish the study results in a journal or conference presentations. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: September 29, 2020 osf.io/r6y9b. (https://osf.io/r6y9b).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/terapia , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(89): 13852-13855, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084669

RESUMO

The importance of γ-keto sulfones in medicinal chemistry and organic synthesis is known. An efficient route to γ-keto sulfones via a metal-free reaction of cyclopropanols, sulfur dioxide and electron-deficient olefins is achieved. This reaction proceeds smoothly under mild conditions without the need of catalyst, oxidant or additive. A plausible mechanism is proposed, which occurs through a γ-keto sulfinate intermediate generated in situ from the reaction of cyclopropanol with sulfur dioxide. The γ-keto sulfinate intermediate would be trapped by the electron-deficient olefin, resulting in the formation of γ-keto sulfones. Various functional groups in the cyclopropanols and electron-deficient olefins are compatible in this transformation.

16.
Ann Glob Health ; 86(1): 128, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102148

RESUMO

Background: COVID-19 first appeared in China in December 2019, with a high rate of infectivity and morbidity, which brought tremendous psychological pressure to healthcare workers. Purpose: To understand the psychological health status of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and decline, and to provide a theoretical reference for the future establishment of a psychological crisis intervention system. Methods: Healthcare workers were recruited using convenience sampling and snowball sampling methods, and the electronic version of the SCL-90 scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire were administered. In the pretest, a total of 5018 responses were collected; after six weeks, random sampling was performed. The SCL-90 and measures of other epidemic-related problems were administered, with 1570 responses received; then, the final data analysis was performed. Results: After six weeks, the post-test GSI score; SCL-90 total score; and PST, PSDI, O-C, I-S, DEP, ANX, PHOB, PAR, PSY, and HOS scores were significantly lower than the corresponding pretest scores (p < 0.05). The results by occupational category showed that the scores of nursing staff decreased significantly for 12 indexes and that the scores of the doctors and other hospital staff also significantly decreased. There was a significant difference between the pretest (50.78 ± 28.18) and post-test (45.00 ± 28.49) scores for the degree of worry about the epidemic. Healthcare workers believed that the top three aspects of life affected by the epidemic were economic problems (816 people), interpersonal communication problems (731 people), and mental health (728 people). Conclusion: Over the course of the epidemic, the item scores generally declined significantly. Therefore, during an outbreak period, attention should be paid to psychological crisis interventions for healthcare workers; problems caused by psychological pressure, and even other psychological conditions, can be significantly alleviated to reduce the probability of subsequent health problems.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Intervenção na Crise/métodos , Depressão , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/classificação , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22768, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080745

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for POSEIDON patients undergoing IVF/ICSI. METHODS: and analysis We will electronically search Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biomedical Literature Database, China Science Journal Database and Wan-fang Database from their inception. Also, we will manually retrieve other resources, including reference lists of identified publications, conference articles, and grey literature. The clinical randomized controlled trials or quasi randomized controlled trials related to acupuncture treatment for POSEIDON patients in IVF/ICSI will be included in the study. The language is limited to Chinese and English. Research selection, data extraction, and research quality assessment will be independently completed by two researchers. Data were synthesized by using a fixed effect model or random effect model depend on the heterogeneity test. The clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and live birth rate (LBR) will be the primary outcomes. The ongoing pregnancy, miscarriage rate (MR) and adverse events will also be assessed as secondary outcomes. RevMan V.5.3 statistical software will be used for meta-analysis, and the level of evidence will be assessed by Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). Continuous data will be expressed in the form of weighted mean difference or standardized mean difference with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), while dichotomous data will be expressed in the form of relative risk with 95% CIs. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol of this systematic review (SR) does not require ethical approval because it does not involve humans. We will publish this article in peer-reviewed journals and presented at relevant conferences. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: OSF Registries, DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/6WP2F (https://osf.io/6wp2f).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Fertilização In Vitro , Metanálise como Assunto , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade/terapia , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Projetos de Pesquisa
18.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239939, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057425

RESUMO

To provide the general information on corneal transplantation (CT) in China, China Cornea Society designed a questionnaire on CT from 2014 to 2018 and entrusted it to 31 committee members for implementation of the survey nationwide. This article presents the results of the survey and compares the indicators used in the survey and those in the annual statistical report released by the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA). The number of corneal transplantations completed by the 64 hospitals from 2014 to 2018 was respectively 5377, 6394, 7595, 8270 and 8980, totally 36,616 (22,959 male and 13,657 female). The five largest hospitals by the number of corneal transplantations completed 15,994 surgeries in total, accounting for 43.68% of all the surgeries performed in the 64 hospitals. The most common indication for corneal transplantations was corneal leukoma (7683, 20.98%), followed by bacterial keratitis (4209, 11.49%), corneal dystrophies (4189, 11.44%), keratoconus (3578, 9.77%) and corneal perforation (2839, 7.75%). The main surgical techniques were penetrating keratoplasty (PK) (19,896, 54.34%), anterior lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) (13,869, 37.88%). The proportion of PK decreased from 57.97% in 2014 to 52.88% in 2018 while the proportion of ALK increased from 36.04% in 2014 to 37.92% in 2018. The geographical distribution of keratoplasties performed in China is unbalanced. PK and ALK were the main techniques of CT and corneal leukoma, bacterial keratitis and corneal dystrophies were the main indications for CT in China.

19.
Virus Res ; 291: 198186, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075446

RESUMO

Characterization of host adaptation markers among human isolates is important for recognizing the potential for cross-species transmission in avian influenza A viruses. Here, we studied two new potential adaptive mutations, V292I and D740A, in the PB2 protein that were identified by a multi-factor regression model. The study shows that the prevalence of the PB2-V292I mutation is increased in H7N9 influenza viruses isolated from both humans and birds over the past 6 years. The phylogenetic tree showed that influenza A/H7N9 has a lineage based on the strains containing PB2-292I. Polymerase complexes containing PB2-292I/627K derived from H7N9 exhibit increased polymerase activity. PB2-292I coupled with 627K also enhances viral transcription and replication in cells, whereas PB2-292I alone did not show the same effect in the H7N9 virus. However, PB2-740A only had a limited prevalence in 2013, and the change from D to A in PB2-740A may have a negative effect on the replication of the H7N9 virus in cells.

20.
Arch Anim Nutr ; 74(6): 462-475, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076701

RESUMO

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) results in abnormal morphology and gastrointestinal function, such as reduced villi height and crypt depth, thinner mucosa and muscle layers, and reduced brush border enzyme activities, delayed gastric emptying, increased stress response. As a gastrointestinal growth factor, the manner by which the porcine glucagon-like peptide-2 (pGLP-2) microsphere administration restored the gastrointestinal function and growth performance of IUGR piglets was investigated. Fourteen newborn Duroc × (Yorkshire × Landrace) IUGR piglets (0.92 ± 0.113 kg) were assigned into the IUGR (negative control group) and pGLP-2 microsphere groups. The piglets in group pGLP-2 were intraperitoneally administered with 100 mg pGLP-2 microspheres on day 1 after birth. From days 15 to 26 of trial, the body weight of the pGLP-2 group was significantly higher than that of the control. IUGR piglets of group pGLP-2 showed a significantly increased pancreas weight, serum insulin content and activity of lipase and amylase. Injection of pGLP-2 microspheres restored the intestinal absorptive capacity by significantly increasing the mRNA expression of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 in the jejunum and the peptide transporter 1 in the jejunum. It also restored the redox balance by increasing the catalase mRNA expression and decreasing the heat shock protein 70 mRNA expression. In addition, this improvement was associated with the significant increase in gut diameter, length and weight. Therefore, it was concluded that the injection of pGLP-2 microspheres was a suitable therapeutic strategy for compensatory growth in low birth weight IUGR piglets.

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