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1.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570856

RESUMO

Emerging evidences have suggested the vital roles of circular RNA (circRNA) in the human cancers. However, the underlying biological functions and biogenesis of circRNA in the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is still ambiguous. Here, we investigate the oncogenic roles and biogenesis of the novel identified circRNA, circUHRF1 (hsa_circ_0002185), in the OSCC tumorigenesis. Results showed that circUHRF1 was markedly upregulated in the OSCC cells and tissue, besides, the overexpression was closely correlated with the poor prognosis of OSCC patients. Functionally, circUHRF1 promoted the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial mesenchymal transformation (EMT) in vitro and the tumor growth in vivo. Mechanically, circUHRF1 acted as the sponge of miR-526b-5p, thereby positively regulating c-Myc. Transcription factor c-Myc could accelerate the transcription of TGF-ß1 and ESRP1. Moreover, splicing factor ESRP1 promoted the circularization and biogenesis of circUHRF1 by targeting the flanking introns, forming the circUHRF1/miR-526b-5p/c-Myc/TGF-ß1/ESRP1 feedback loop. In conclusion, our research identified the oncogenic roles of circUHRF1 in the OSCC tumorigenesis and EMT via circUHRF1/miR-526b-5p/c-Myc/TGF-ß1/ESRP1 feedback loop, shedding light on the pathogenic mechanism of circUHRF1 for OSCC and providing the potential therapeutic target.

2.
Arch Pharm Res ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571144

RESUMO

In the present study, the roles of AITC in up-regulating the MRP1 expression and its relationship with the activation of the Notch1 signaling pathway were investigated by combining the in vivo and in vitro experiments. AITC was administered to the COPD model rats and normal rats to explore the association between Notch1 and MRP1. The human bronchial epithelial cells were treated with DAPT, the Notch1 signaling pathway inhibitor, to verify the effect of Notch1 on the expression of AITC-induced MRP1. Compared with the control group, the expressions of Notch1, Hes1 (the target gene of Notch1) and MRP1 in the lung tissue of the COPD model group were significantly inhibited. In contrast to the COPD model group, the expressions of MRP1, Hes1 and Notch1 dramatically up-regulated following the treatment with Low/High doses of AITC. The expression of MRP1 in the 16 HBE cells was down-regulated by the inhibition of Notch in a DAPT concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, the AITC-induced up-regulation of the MRP1 expression was markedly impaired following the inhibition of Notch1. The above results indicated that the pulmonary function and the expression of MRP1 in COPD rats could be improved by AITC, which was partly dependent on the Notch1 signaling pathway. Therefore, targeting the Notch signaling pathway may present as an effective therapeutic strategy for COPD treatment.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14022, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575919

RESUMO

Human metapneumovirus (hMPV), first identified in 2001, is a major viral respiratory pathogen that worldwide reported. Fundamental questions concerning the dynamics of viral evolution and transmission at both regional and global scales remain unanswered. In this study, we obtained 32 G gene and 51 F gene sequences of hMPV in Guangzhou, China in 2013-2017. Temporal and spatial phylogenetic analyses were undertaken by incorporating publicly available hMPV G gene (978) and F gene (767) sequences. The phylogenetic results show different global distribution patterns of hMPV before 1990, 1990-2005, and 2006-2017. A sharply increasing hMPV positive rate (11%) was detected in Guangzhou 2017, mainly caused by the B1 lineage of hMPV. A close phylogenetic relation was observed between hMPV strains from China and Japan, suggesting frequent hMPV transmissions between these regions. These results provide new insights into hMPV evolution, transmission, and spatial distribution and highlight Asia as a new epicenter for viral transmission and novel variant seeding after the year 2005. Conducting molecular surveillance of hMPV in Asian countries is critical for understanding the global circulation of hMPV and future vaccine design.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(10): 744, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582720

RESUMO

We investigated the mechanism underlying the effect of a combination treatment of 125I radioactive seed implantation and lobaplatin (LBP) in hepatocellular carcinoma. The effects of administration of HCC cells and subcutaneous tumor model of mice with different doses of 125I or a sensitizing concentration of LBP alone, or in combination, on cellular apoptosis and proliferation were analyzed and it was confirmed that LBP promotes 125I-induced apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation of HCC. Furthermore, isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification labeling analyses suggested that 125I promoted the apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation of HCC cells by upregulating the expression of PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP pathway, a well-known apoptosis-related pathway. Moreover, LBP was found to boost the 125I-induced upregulation of this pathway and increase the apoptosis. Our data indicate that LBP promotes the apoptotic and anti-proliferative effects of 125I and provide a firm foundation for better clinical application of this combination therapy.

5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(9): 927-31, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy of Tiaochongren Gushenyuan on ovulation and embryo implantation in luteal phase defect patients with spleen-kidney yang deficiency. METHODS: A total of 80 patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 40 cases in each one.In the observation group,acupuncture was applied at Shenting (GV 24), Shenque (CV 8), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qixue (KI 13), Lieque (LU 7), Gongsun (SP 4), Taixi (KI 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taichong (LR 3). And moxibustion was given at Taixi (KI 3) using moxibustion box during follicular phase, the stimulation of Taichong (LR 3) was strengthened during ovulatory phase, moxibustion was adopted at Shenque (CV 8) to Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taixi (KI 3) during luteal phase. In the control group, acupuncture was applied at Guanyuan (CV 4), Dahe (KI 12), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Ciliao (BL 32), Zhibian (BL 54) and Shenque (CV 8). Moxibustion was given at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) using moxibustion box during follicular phase, and moxibustion was adopted at Shenque (CV 8) to Guanyuan (CV 4) during luteal phase. The treatment were given every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, and the treatment were stoped during menstrual period in the two groups. Totally 3 menstrual cycle treatment were required, and 3 menstrual cycles were followed up. The pregnancy rate was observed after treatment, the ovulation rate, maximum folliclular diameter and difference of maximum folliclular diameters in ovulatory phase, serum progesterone (P) and basal body temperature (BBT) were compared before and after treatment in the two groups. RESULTS: In the observation group, 6 cases of successful pregnancy during treatment,10 cases in follow-up, the clinical pregnancy rate was 40.0% (16/40). In the control group, 1 case of successful pregnancy during treatment, 5 cases in follow-up, the clinical pregnancy rate was 15.0% (6/40). The clinical pregnancy rate in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). The ovulation rate after treatment in the observation group was 90.0% (36/40), and the control group was 70.0% (28/40), compared before treatment, the ovulation rates were increased after treatment in the two groups (P<0.05). The observation group was higher than the control group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared before treatment, the maximum folliclular diameter and difference of maximum folliclular diameters in ovulatory phase, serum P after treatment were improved in the two groups (P<0.05), and the improvements of the observation group were significant compared with the control group (P<0.05). The BBT after treatment were superior to before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05). After treatment, the normal BBT in the observation group was 33 cases, while the control group was 22 cases (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy of Tiaochongren Gushenyuan can promote folliclar development, improve dominant follicle morphology, increase the level of serum P. The therapeutic effect is superior to routine acupuncture in increasing ovulation rate and improving pregnancy outcome.

6.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 32(3 Special): 1333-1342, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551212

RESUMO

The MIC and MBC values of Shikuqin (SKQ) against 5 bacteria that readily cause diarrhea were measured by the broth micro dilution method. The castor oil-induced diarrhea method was used to evaluate the antidiarrheal activity. Intestinal transit and gastric emptying were also evaluated with normal and neostigmine-induced intestinal transit in rodents. In addition, the antidiarrheal activity of SKQ was assessed in vivo with isolated rabbit ileum. Xylene-induced ear edema was used to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activities in mice, while hot plate and writhing tests were performed to assess the analgesic effects. Senna decoction (0.3g/mL) was administered intragastrically to induce a rat model of diarrhea. Semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect AQP4 mRNA, and Western blot was performed to quantify the protein level of AQP4 in the colon. SKQ exhibits remarkable antidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in the gastrointestinal tract disorders, and can therefore be developed as a promising antidiarrheal agent.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538386

RESUMO

Enantioenriched 1,4-dicarbonyl compounds are versatile synthons in natural product and pharmaceutical drug synthesis. We herein report a mild pathway for an efficient enantioselective synthesis of these compounds directly from aldehydes through the synergistic cooperation of a neutral eosin Y hydrogen atom transfer photocatalyst and a chiral rhodium Lewis acid catalyst. This protocol is distinguished by its operational simplicity, abundant feedstocks, atom-economy, and generating products in high yields (up to 99%) and high enantioselectivities (up to 99%  ee ).

8.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545755

RESUMO

Multi-instance learning (MIL) has been extensively applied to various real tasks involving objects with bags of instances, such as in drugs and images. Previous studies on MIL assume that data are entirely complete. However, in many real tasks, the instance is fragmentary. In this article, we present probably the first study on multi-instance classification with fragmentary data. In our proposed framework, called fragmentary multi-instance classification (FIC), the fragmentary data are completed and the multi-instance classifier is learned jointly. To facilitate the integration between the completion and classifier learning, FIC establishes the weighting mechanism to measure the importance levels of different instances. To validate the compatibility of our framework, four typical MIL methods, including multi-instance support vector machine (MI-SVM), expectation maximization diverse density (EM-DD), citation-K nearest neighbors (Citation-KNNs), and MIL with discriminative bag mapping (MILDM), are embedded into the framework to obtain the corresponding FIC versions. As an illustration, an efficient solving algorithm is developed to address the problem for MI-SVM, together with the proof of convergence behavior. The experimental results on various types of real-world datasets demonstrate the effectiveness.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483702

RESUMO

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6), an essential micronutrient for normal cell physiology, plays an important role in the function of the exocrine pancreas. Pancreatic acinar cells (PACs) obtain vitamin B6 from circulation, but little is known about the mechanism involved in the uptake process; limited information also exists on the effect of pyridoxine availability on the gene expression profile in these cells. We addressed both these issues in the current investigation using mouse-derived pancreatic acinar 266-6 cells (PAC 266-6) and human primary PACs (hPACs; obtained from organ donors), together with appropriate physiological and molecular (RNA-Seq) approaches. The results showed that [3H]-pyridoxine uptake to be: 1) pH- and temperature- (but not Na) dependent; 2) saturable as a function of concentration; 3) cis-inhibited by unlabeled pyridoxine and its close structural analogs; 4) trans-stimulated by unlabeled pyridoxine; 5) regulated by an intracellular Ca2+/calmodulin-mediated pathway; 6) adaptively-regulated by extracellular substrate (pyridoxine) availability; 7) negatively impacted by exposure to cigarette smoke extract. Vitamin B6 availability was found (by means of RNA-Seq) to significantly (FDR < 0.05) modulate the expression profile of many genes in PAC 266-6 (including those that are relevant to pancreatic health and development). These studies demonstrate, for the first time, the involvement of a regulatable and specific carrier-mediated mechanism for pyridoxine uptake by PACs; the results also show that pyridoxine availability exerts profound effects on the gene expression profile in mammalian PACs.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529951

RESUMO

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has become an indispensable tool for high-throughput analysis of macromolecules, but many challenges still remain in detection of small molecules due to the severe matrix-related background interference in the low-molecular-weight ranges (MW < 700 Da). Herein, a gallic acid (GA)-functionalized zirconium 1,4-dicarboxybenzene metal-organic framework (MOF) (denoted as UiO-66-GA) was designed to serve as a new substrate, and a novel strategy on the basis of the synergistic effect of MOF and GA was developed to enhance the LDI process. In comparison with conventional organic matrices, the UiO-66-GA substrate showed superior LDI performance in the analysis of a wide variety of molecules including amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids, bisphenols (BPs), oligosaccharides, peptides, protein, and polyethylene glycol (PEG) of various average molecular weights from 200 to 10000. Perfluorooctanoic sulfonate (PFOS) was used to evaluate the ability of quantitative analysis, and its corresponding limit of detection as low as 1 fmol was achieved. High sensitivity and good salt tolerance of the UiO-66-GA-assisted LDI-MS were allowed to determine ultratrace PFOS in the spiked human urine and serum samples. In addition, the synergistic mechanism of MOF and GA in the enhanced LDI process was investigated by comprehensively comparing GA- and its analogue-functionalized UiO-66, and the results revealed that two aspects contributed to the enhanced LDI process: (1) an enhancement in the metal-phenolic coordination system of UiO-66-GA promoted laser absorption and energy transfer; (2) introduction of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups of GA onto UiO-66 facilitated the LDI process in both positive and negative ion modes. This work expands a new domain for the MOF applications and provides a promising alternative for various molecule analyses.

11.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 25(10): 1932-1945, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538920

RESUMO

Market surveillance showed continuing circulation of avian influenza A(H5N6) virus in live poultry markets in Guangdong Province in 2017, despite compulsory vaccination for avian influenza A(H5Nx) and A(H7N9). We analyzed H5N6 viruses from 2014-2018 from Guangdong Province, revealing antigenic drift and decreased antibody response against the vaccine strain in vaccinated chickens.

12.
Eur Radiol ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a radiomics nomogram for preoperative differentiating renal angiomyolipoma without visible fat (AML.wovf) from homogeneous clear cell renal cell carcinoma (hm-ccRCC). METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with AML.wovf (n = 36) and hm-ccRCC (n = 63) were divided into a training set (n = 80) and a validation set (n = 19). Radiomics features were extracted from corticomedullary phase and nephrographic phase CT images. A radiomics signature was constructed and a radiomics score (Rad-score) was calculated. Demographics and CT findings were assessed to build a clinical factors model. Combined with the Rad-score and independent clinical factors, a radiomics nomogram was constructed. Nomogram performance was assessed with respect to calibration, discrimination, and clinical usefulness. RESULTS: Fourteen features were used to build the radiomics signature. The radiomics signature showed good discrimination in the training set (AUC [area under the curve], 0.879; 95%; confidence interval [CI], 0.793-0.966) and the validation set (AUC, 0.846; 95% CI, 0.643-1.000). The radiomics nomogram showed good calibration and discrimination in the training set (AUC, 0.896; 95% CI, 0.810-0.983) and the validation set (AUC, 0.949; 95% CI, 0.856-1.000) and showed better discrimination capability (p < 0.05) compared with the clinical factor model (AUC, 0.788; 95% CI, 0.683-0.893) in the training set. Decision curve analysis demonstrated the nomogram outperformed the clinical factors model and radiomics signature in terms of clinical usefulness. CONCLUSIONS: The CT-based radiomics nomogram, a noninvasive preoperative prediction tool that incorporates the Rad-score and clinical factors, shows favorable predictive efficacy for differentiating AML.wovf from hm-ccRCC, which might assist clinicians in tailoring precise therapy. KEY POINTS: • Differential diagnosis between AML.wovf and hm-ccRCC is rather difficult by conventional imaging modalities. • A radiomics nomogram integrated with the radiomics signature, demographics, and CT findings facilitates differentiation of AML.wovf from hm-ccRCC with improved diagnostic efficacy. • The CT-based radiomics nomogram might spare unnecessary surgery for AML.wovf.

13.
J Neuroimmunol ; 336: 577029, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487612

RESUMO

Neuro-inflammation is widely regarded as the inflammation occurred in the central nervous system (CNS) tissue, which authentically involved in the pathogenesis such as depression although the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Malva sylvestris (MS), a plant widely used in traditional medicine to mitigate urological, respiratory and oral diseases, exhibits excellent anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we first used LPS-induced depression-like mice to evaluate the neuro-protective effect of MS extract. We found that, after 7 days' administration of MS extract, the cognitive impairment of LPS-induced depression-like mice was efficiently alleviated, evaluated by behavioral test including the Open field, Morris water maze (MWM), Elevated plus-maze (EPM) and Rota-rod test. Furthermore, we found that MS extract also inhibited the LPS-induced neuron apoptosis and astrogliosis both in the cortex and the CA1 region of hippocampus. Finally, our findings showed that the extract of MS relieved inflammatory stress induced by LPS injury, indicated by the down-regulation of IL-1ß/6 and TNF-α, and up-regulation of IL-4 level both in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, MS extract exhibits neuro-protective activity in vivo, and therefore, it may be widely used for food to relieve the symptoms of neuro-inflammation associated disorders such as depression.

14.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(7): 481-489, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514979

RESUMO

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is a well-known Asian traditional herbal medicine with a large market demand. The plant is native to eastern North America, and its main producing areas worldwide are decreasing due to continuous cropping obstacles and environmental changes. Therefore, the identification of maximum similarities of new ecological distribution of P. quinquefolius, and prediction of its response to climate change in the future are necessary for plant introduction and cultivation. In this study, the areas with potential ecological suitability for P. quinquefolius were predicted using the geographic information system for global medicinal plants (GMPGIS) based on 476 occurrence points and 19 bioclimatic variables. The results indicate that the new ecologically suitable areas for P. quinquefolius are East Asia and the mid-eastern Europe, which are mainly distributed in China, Russia, Japan, Ukraine, Belarus, North Korean, South Korea, andRomania. Under global climate change scenarios, the suitable planting areas for P. quinquefolius would be increased by 9.16%-30.97%, and expandingnorth and west over the current ecologically suitable areas by 2070. The potential increased areas that are ecologically suitable include northern Canada, Eastern Europe, and the Lesser Khingan Mountains of China, and reduced regions are mainly in central China, the southern U.S., and southern Europe. Jackknife tests indicate that the precipitation of the warmest quarter was the important climatic factor controlling the distribution of P. quinquefolius. Our findings can be used as auseful guide for P. quinquefolius introduction and cultivation in ecologically suitable areas.

15.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512476

RESUMO

The direct C-H methylsulfonylation of alkenes using inorganic sodium metabisulfite as the sulfur dioxide surrogate is described. This method provides convenient access to (E)-2-methyl styrenyl sulfones in good yields. In general, the in situ generated methyl radical from di-tert-butyl peroxide undergoes a methylsulfonylation process with the combination of sulfur dioxide.

16.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512786

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play important roles in human cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We previously demonstrated that a novel lncRNA, lnc-ABCA12-3, was overexpressed in ESCC tissues. However, the exact function of lnc-ABCA12-3 is unknown. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the expression of lnc-ABCA12-3 in ESCC and to explore the potential mechanism of lnc-ABCA12-3 in cell migration, invasion, and proliferation. We showed that lnc-ABCA12-3 was upregulated in ESCC tumor tissues and cell lines. The increased expression of lnc-ABCA12-3 was positively associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis stages and poor prognosis. The knockdown of lnc-ABCA12-3 inhibited the cell migration, invasion, and proliferation abilities of KYSE-510 and Eca-109 cells. We also found that fibronectin 1 (FN1) was upregulated in ESCC tumor tissues. The expression of FN1 messenger RNA was positively correlated with the expression of lnc-ABCA12-3 in ESCC tumor tissues. After lnc-ABCA12-3 knockdown, the expression of FN1 was downregulated. In addition, the overexpression of FN1 restored the abilities of cell migration, invasion and proliferation in Eca-109 cells. Further studies indicated that lnc-ABCA12-3 acted as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-200b-3p to regulate FN1 expression. In conclusion, these results suggest that lnc-ABCA12-3 is a novel oncogene in tumorigenesis and that its high expression is related to a poor prognosis for patients with ESCC. lnc-ABCA12-3 promotes cell migration, invasion, and proliferation via the regulation of FN1 in ESCC. Our data suggest that lnc-ABCA12-3 might serve as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for ESCC.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489966

RESUMO

Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), a serious cardiovascular disease that causes morbidity and mortality worldwide. At present, few biomarkers can accurately diagnose the appearance of TAA before dissection or rupture. Our research has the intention to investigate the developing applicable biomarkers for TAA promising clinically diagnostic biomarkers or probable regulatory targets for TAA. In our research, we built correlation networks utilizing the expression profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cell obtained from a public microarray data set (GSE9106). Furthermore, we chose the turquoise module, which has the strongest significance with TAA and was further analyzed. Fourteen genes that overlapped with differentially expressed proteins in the medial aortic layer were obtained. Subsequently, we verified the results applying quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) to our clinical specimen. In general, the Q-PCR results coincide with the majority of the expression profile. Fascinatingly, a notable change occurred in CLU, DES, MYH10, and FBLN5. In summary, using weighted gene coexpression analysis, our study indicates that CLU, DES, MYH10, and FBLN5 were identified and validated to be related to TAA and might be candidate biomarkers or therapeutic targets for TAA.

18.
Clin Biochem ; 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroglobulin antibody (TG-Ab) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Ab) are cornerstone biomarkers for autoimmune thyroid diseases, and establishment of appropriate thresholds is crucial for physicians to appropriately interpret test results. Therefore, we established the thresholds of TG-Ab and TPO-Ab in the Chinese population through analysis of real-world big data, and explored the influence of age, gender, and seasonal factors on their levels. METHODS: The data of 35,869 subjects downloaded from electronic health records were analyzed after filtering based on exclusion criteria and outliers. The influence of each factor on antibody levels was analyzed by stratification. Thresholds of TG-Ab and TPO-Ab were established through Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute document C28-A3 and National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB) guidelines, respectively. RESULTS: There were significant differences according to gender after age stratification; the level of TG-Ab gradually increased with age in females. There were significant differences in TG-Ab and TPO-Ab distributions with respect to age after gender stratification. Moreover, differences were observed between seasons for TG-Ab and TPO-Ab. The thresholds of TG-Ab and TPO-Ab were 107 [90% confidence interval (CI):101-115] IU/mL and 29 (90% CI: 28-30) IU/mL, respectively, using C28-A3 guidelines, but were 84 (90% l CI: 50-126) IU/mL and 29 (90% CI: 27-34) IU/mL, respectively, using NACB guidelines. CONCLUSION: The levels of TG-Ab and TPO-Ab were significantly affected by gender, age, and season. The thresholds for TG-Ab and TPO-Ab for the Chinese population were established by big data analysis.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 141: 369-377, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491514

RESUMO

High-strength and water resistant lignocelluloses based composites (LC) were fabricated using branched polyethylenimine (PEI) as the main bonding agent combined with glutaraldehyde cross-linking reaction and grinding pre-treatment. Physical and mechanical properties of different composites prepared were measured and investigated. It is evident that PEI was efficient in endowing LC with high strength and excellent water resistance. The obtained physical and mechanical properties of LC were complied with the requirement of the Chinese national standard for medium-density fiberboard (MDF). Most notably, the glutaraldehyde cross-linking and grinding pre-treatment could further improve these properties. When 5% PEI and 2.5% glutaraldehyde were incorporated, together with 2-hour grinding treatment, the LC prepared exhibited the optimum modulus of rupture (MOR) 58.1 MPa, modulus of elasticity (MOE) 5077 MPa, internal bonding strength (IB) 2.14 MPa, and thickness swell (TS) 30.2%. The excellent properties obtained could be attributed to the cross-linking effect and Schiff's base addition reaction among lignocelluloses, PEI and glutaraldehyde, which were confirmed by the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. The high-strength LC prepared in this study is expected to be used as load-bearing material in structural application.

20.
Org Lett ; 21(18): 7635-7638, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507178

RESUMO

A diphenyl-diselenide-mediated Claisen-type rearrangement/cyclization of propargylic aryl ethers under metal-free conditions is developed, affording various naphthofuran-2-carboxaldehydes in moderate to excellent yield. The broad substrate scope and excellent functional group compatibility suggest that it can be a straightforward and powerful method to access naphthofuran-2-carboxaldehydes in a highly regioselective manner. Moreover, this reaction can be scaled up to the gram scale.

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