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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121891, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152507

RESUMO

In this study, nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) from pine needles were obtained by one-step hydrothermal synthesis without any chemical reagents. The fluorescence quenching and absorbance enhancement of N-CDs occurred when Fe3+ and folic acid (FA) were added. Based on this, the dual-mode detection sensor by fluorescence and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry for the determination of Fe3+ and FA was established. Detected by the dual-mode detection sensor under the optimized condition, the linear range of Fe3+ was 0.1-540 µM and FA was 0.1-165 µM. At the same time, the two inputs "NOR" and "OR" logic gates are constructed successfully according to the dual-mode sensor signals. The proposed dual-mode detection sensor is simple, efficient and stable; it can be applied to determinate Fe3+ and FA in practical samples successfully and the results are satisfactory.


Assuntos
Carbono , Pontos Quânticos , Nitrogênio , Ácido Fólico , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130001, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152543

RESUMO

Recalcitrant and toxicological membrane-making wastewater displays negative impacts on environment, and this is difficult to treat efficiently using conventional hydrolytic acidification. In this study, a novel electro-assisted biological reactor with micro-aerobic cathode (EABR-MAC) was developed to improve the biodegradation and ammonification of N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) in membrane-making wastewater, and the metabolic mechanism using metagenomic sequencing as comprehensively illustrated. The results showed that EABR-MAC significantly improved the ammonification of refractory organonitrogen and promoted DMF oxidative degradation by driving the electron transferred to the cathode. Additionally, the inhibition rates of oxygen uptake rate and nitrification in EABR-MAC were both lower under different cathode aeration frequency conditions. Microbial community analysis indicated that the functional fermentation bacteria and exoelectrogens, which were correlated with COD removal, ammonification, and detoxification, were significantly enriched upon electrostimulation, and the positive biological connections increased to form highly connected communities instead of competition. The functional genes revealed that EABR-MAC forcefully intervened with the metabolic pathway, so that DMF converted to formamide and ammonia by oxidative demethylation and formamide hydrolysis. The results of this study provide a promising strategy for efficient conversion of organonitrogen into ammonia nitrogen, and offer a new insight into the effects of electrostimulation on microbial metabolism.


Assuntos
Dimetilformamida , Águas Residuárias , Amônia/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Eletrodos , Oxigênio , Desmetilação , Desnitrificação
3.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 136993, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309052

RESUMO

Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Process (EAOP) has been applied to the degradation of refractory pollutants in wastewater due to its strong oxidation capacity, high degradation efficiency, simple operation, and mild reaction. Among electrochemical processes, anodic oxidation (AO) is the most widely used and its mechanism is mainly divided into direct oxidation and indirect oxidation. Direct oxidation means that pollutants are oxidized at the anode by direct electron transfer. Indirect oxidation refers to the generation of active species during the electrolytic reaction, which acts on pollutants. The mechanism of AO process is controlled by many factors, including electrode type, electrocatalyst material, wastewater composition, pH, applied current and voltage levels. It is very important to explore the reaction mechanism of electrochemical treatment, which determines the efficiency of the reaction, the products of the reaction, and the extent of reaction. This paper firstly reviews the current research progress on the mechanism of AO process, and summarizes in detail the different mechanisms caused by influencing factors under common AO process. Then, strategies and methods to distinguish direct oxidation and indirect oxidation mechanisms are reviewed, such as intermediate product analysis, electrochemical test analysis, active species detection, theoretical calculation, and the limitations of these methods are analyzed. Finally some suggestions are put forward for the study of the mechanism of electrochemical advanced oxidation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Eletrodos , Oxirredução
4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 631(Pt A): 56-65, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370497

RESUMO

Hydrogen production by electrocatalytic water splitting is considered to be an effective and environmental method, and the design of an electrocatalyst with high efficiency, low cost, and multifunction is of great importance. Herein, we developed a crystalline NiFe phosphide (NiFeP)/amorphous P-doped FeOOH (P-FeOOH) heterostructure (defined as P-NiFeOxHy) as a high-efficiency multifunctional electrocatalyst for water electrolysis. The NiFeP nanocrystals provide remarkable electronic conductivity and plenty of active sites, the amorphous P-FeOOH improves the adsorption energy of oxygen-containing species, and the crystalline/amorphous heterostructure with superhydrophilic and superaerophobic surface generates synergistic effects, providing plentiful active sites and efficient charge/mass transfer. Benefiting from this, the designed P-NiFeOxHy displays ultralow overpotentials of 159.2 and 20.8 mV to achieve 10 mA cm-2 for oxygen evolution reaction and hydrogen evolution reaction, and also shows the superior performance of urea oxidation reaction with a low voltage of 1.37 V at 10 mA cm-2 in 1 M KOH with 0.33 M urea. In-situ Raman spectra and ex-situ XPS analysis were also used to investigate the catalytic process and reveal the surface structure evolution of P-NiFeOxHy under electrochemical oxidation. Accordingly, the designed P-NiFeOxHy is employed as both cathode and anode to assemble into the urea-assisted water electrolysis device, which can reach 10 mA cm-2 with a low 1.36 V and could be further driven by a solar cell. The work reveals a design of superior activity, cost-effective and multifunctional electrocatalysts for water splitting.

5.
Int J Cancer ; 152(1): 7-14, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362560

RESUMO

We aimed to determine participation in low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) of individuals with a family history of common cancers in a population-based screening program to provide timely evidence in high-risk populations in China. The analysis was conducted using data from the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC), which recruited 282 377 participants aged 40 to 74 years from eight cities in the Henan province. Using the CanSPUC risk score system, 55 428 participants were evaluated to have high risk for lung cancer and were recommended for LDCT. We calculated the overall and group-specific participation rates using family history of common cancers and compared differences in participation rates between different groups. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals were derived by multivariable logistic regression. Of the 55 428 participants, 22 260 underwent LDCT (participation rate, 40.16%). Family history of lung, esophageal, stomach, liver and colorectal cancer was associated with increased participation in LDCT screening. The odds of participants with a family history of one, two, three and four or more cancer cases undergoing LDCT screening were 1.9, 2.7, 2.8 and 3.5 times, respectively, than those without a family history of cancer. Compared to those without a history of cancer, participation in LDCT gradually increased as the number of cancer cases in the family increased (P < .001). Our findings suggest that there is room for improvement in lung cancer screening given the relatively low participation rate. Lung cancer screening in populations with a family history of cancer may improve efficiency and cost-effectiveness; however, this requires further verification.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento , China/epidemiologia
6.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(2): 445-450, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900444

RESUMO

The transcription factor Sox11 plays important roles in retinal neurogenesis during vertebrate eye development. However, its function in retina regeneration remains elusive. Here we report that Sox11b, a zebrafish Sox11 homolog, regulates the migration and fate determination of Müller glia-derived progenitors (MGPCs) in an adult zebrafish model of mechanical retinal injury. Following a stab injury, the expression of Sox11b was induced in proliferating MGPCs in the retina. Sox11b knockdown did not affect MGPC formation at 4 days post-injury, although the nuclear morphology and subsequent radial migration of MGPCs were altered. At 7 days post-injury, Sox11b knockdown resulted in an increased proportion of MGPCs in the inner retina and a decreased proportion of MGPCs in the outer nuclear layer, compared with controls. Furthermore, Sox11b knockdown led to reduced photoreceptor regeneration, while it increased the numbers of newborn amacrines and retinal ganglion cells. Finally, quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that Sox11b regulated the expression of Notch signaling components in the retina, and Notch inhibition partially recapitulated the Sox11b knockdown phenotype, indicating that Notch signaling functions downstream of Sox11b. Our findings imply that Sox11b plays key roles in MGPC migration and fate determination during retina regeneration in zebrafish, which may have critical implications for future explorations of retinal repair in mammals.

7.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 32(12): 1-10, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384973

RESUMO

Carotenoids, which are natural pigments found abundantly in wide-ranging species, have diverse functions and high industrial potential. The carotenoid biosynthesis pathway is very complex and has multiple branches, while the accumulation of certain metabolites often affects other metabolites in this pathway. The DsLCYB gene that encodes lycopene cyclase was selected in this study to evaluate ß-carotene production and the accumulation ß-carotene in the alga Dunaliella salina. Compared with the wild type, the transgenic algal species overexpressed the DsLCYB gene, resulting in a significant enhancement of the total carotenoid content, with the total amount reaching 8.46 mg/g for an increase of up to 1.26-fold. Interestingly, the production of α-carotene in the transformant was not significantly reduced. This result indicated that the regulation of DsLCYB on the metabolic flux distribution of carotenoid biosynthesis is directional. Moreover, the effects of different light-quality conditions on ß-carotene production in D. salina strains were investigated. The results showed that the carotenoid components of ß-carotene and ß-cryptoxanthin were 1.8- fold and 1.23-fold higher than that in the wild type under red light stress, respectively. This suggests that the accumulation of ß-carotene under red light conditions is potentially more profitable.

8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2205443, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394092

RESUMO

The volume change of the silicon anode seriously affects the electrode integrity and cycle stability. Herein, a binder, GCA13, with energy dissipation function and surface stability effect is proposed to enhance the cycle life and specific capacity. Unlike traditional binders that protect silicon electrodes through long-chain networks, GCA13 introduces citric acid molecules with short-range functions on the long-chain guar gum through weak interconnection. This short-range action is similar to the function of a spring, which can effectively buffer the silicon particle pulverization caused by the volume change. Therefore, the electrode can effectively maintain structural integration with ignorable cracks and alleviated thickness swelling. Thus, the Si@GCA13 anode exhibits a high reversible capacity of 1184 mAh g-1 under 2 A g-1 after 740 cycles with a latter coulombic efficiency of 99.9%. Extraordinarily, benefiting from the superior properties of the GCA13 binder, the electrode shows remarkable cycling stability under low (-15 and 0 °C) and high temperatures (60 °C). The work demonstrates the great potential of this binder design strategy to achieve the overall property promotion of Si anodes for practical application even under harsh service conditions.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357599

RESUMO

Antibodies targeting the programmed cell death protein 1/programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-1/PD-L1) pathway have dramatically changed the treatment landscape of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, combination approaches are required to extend this benefit beyond a subset of patients. In addition, it is of equal interest whether these combination therapy can be applied to neoadjuvant therapy of early-stage NSCLC. In this study, we hypothesized that combining immunotherapy with anti-angiogenic therapy may have a synergistic effect in local tumor control and neoadjuvant therapy. To this end, the effect of combination of bevacizumab and pembrolizumab in humanized mouse models was evaluated. Furthermore, we innovatively constructed a neoadjuvant mouse model that can simulate postoperative recurrence and metastasis of NSCLC to perform neoadjuvant study. Tumor growth and changes in the tumor vasculature, along with the frequency and phenotype of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, were examined. Additionally, in vivo imaging system (IVIS) was used to observe the effect of neoadjuvant therapy. Results showed that combination therapy could inhibited tumor growth by transforming tumor with low immunoreactivity into inflamed ('hot') tumor, as demonstrated by increased CD8+granzyme B+ cytotoxic T cell infiltration. Subsequent studies revealed that this process is mediated by vascular normalization and endothelial cell activation. IVIS results showed that neoadjuvant therapy can effectively prevent postoperative recurrence and metastasis. Taken together, these preclinical studies demonstrated that the combination of bevacizumab and pembrolizumab had a synergistic effect in both advanced tumor therapy and neoadjuvant setting and therefore provide a theoretical basis for translating this basic research into clinical applications.

11.
Front Genet ; 13: 1046096, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386852

RESUMO

Objective: To demonstrate the feasibility of haplotype-based noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1). Methods: Bionano optical mapping was used to identify the D4Z4 structural variation of the genomic DNA sample from the proband affected with FSHD1. In addition, based on the technique of next generation sequencing, the pathogenic haplotype was determined by using trio strategy through genotyping his parents, and also fetal inheritance of paternal haplotypes was then deduced using the Hidden Markov Model. Results: Bionano optical mapping analysis revealed that the proband has only three D4Z4 repeats left in the 4q35 chromosomal region and a disease-permitting 4qA haplotype. The other normal allele of the proband contains 29 D4Z4 repeats and also a 4qA haplotype. The noninvasive cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA)-based haplotype analysis suggested that the fetus inherited the pathogenic allele from his father and thus was predicted to be affected by FSHD1. In addition, Bionano optical mapping also demonstrated the presence of the pathogenic allele in the fetus by interrogating the genomic DNA from the amniotic fluid cells. Conclusion: Our study showed the cffDNA-based haplotyping was feasible for the noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of FSHD1, which is able to provide earlier testing results with a lower risk of miscarriage and infection than invasive techniques.

12.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1035775, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387069

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the potential improvement of prediction performance of a proposed double branch multimodality-contribution-aware TripNet (MCAT) in microvascular invasion (MVI) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on a small sample. Methods: In this retrospective study, 121 HCCs from 103 consecutive patients were included, with 44 MVI positive and 77 MVI negative, respectively. A MCAT model aiming to improve the accuracy of deep neural network and alleviate the negative effect of small sample size was proposed and the improvement of MCAT model was verified among comparisons between MCAT and other used deep neural networks including 2DCNN (two-dimentional convolutional neural network), ResNet (residual neural network) and SENet (squeeze-and-excitation network), respectively. Results: Through validation, the AUC value of MCAT is significantly higher than 2DCNN based on CT, MRI, and both imaging (P < 0.001 for all). The AUC value of model with single branch pretraining based on small samples is significantly higher than model with end-to-end training in CT branch and double branch (0.62 vs 0.69, p=0.016, 0.65 vs 0.83, p=0.010, respectively). The AUC value of the double branch MCAT based on both CT and MRI imaging (0.83) was significantly higher than that of the CT branch MCAT (0.69) and MRI branch MCAT (0.73) (P < 0.001, P = 0.03, respectively), which was also significantly higher than common-used ReNet (0.67) and SENet (0.70) model (P < 0.001, P = 0.005, respectively). Conclusion: A proposed Double branch MCAT model based on a small sample can improve the effectiveness in comparison to other deep neural networks or single branch MCAT model, providing a potential solution for scenarios such as small-sample deep learning and fusion of multiple imaging modalities.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387359

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study is to explore the effects and mechanisms of action of Ziyin Qianyang Formula (ZYQYF) on renal fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Methods: Forty SHRs were randomly divided into a model group, Ziyin Qianyang Formula regular-dose and high-dose groups (ZYQYF-R, 20 g/kg; ZYQYF-H, 40 g/kg), and a western medicine group (enalapril 10 mg/kg), and 10 Sprague-Dawley rats were selected as the normal group. The rats received continuous gavage administration for 6 weeks and systolic blood pressure (SBP) measurements were obtained every fortnight. The serum levels of urea, serum creatinine (sCr), and uric acid (UA) were measured; the pathological morphology and collagen content of the kidneys were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson staining; and the serum Ang II level was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1, Smad-2, Smad-3, and Smad-7 protein and mRNA expressions in kidney tissues was evaluated by western blotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Results: The ZYQYF-H group showed significantly a lower renal weight and renal weight/body weight than the model group. The enalapril and ZYQYF-H groups showed significantly lower SBP than other groups after 6 weeks of administration. The ZYQYF-H group showed better improvement than the ZYQYF-R and enalapril groups in glomerular and tubular morphology and better reductions in inflammatory cell infiltration and collagen volumetric fraction. The ZYQYF-H group also showed better reductions in serum UA and Ang II levels; collagen-I, collagen-III, and p-Smad2/Smad-2 protein expression; and Smad-2 mRNA expression and a better increase in Smad-7 protein and mRNA expression than the enalapril group. Besides, the degree of renal function and fibrosis improvement was positively correlated with the dose of ZYQYF. Conclusion: ZYQYF can significantly reduce SHR blood pressure, protect renal function and structure, and improve renal fibrosis by regulating Smad proteins through TGF-ß1.

14.
J Diabetes ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353746

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Fasting blood glucose (FBG) variability may make an impact on adverse events in patients with diabetes mellitus. However, the association between long-term changes in FBG and cancer remains unclear. We aimed to investigate this association in a large-scale longitudinal study. METHODS: Data were collected from 46 761 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 20-80 years who participated in the Diabetes Standardized Management Program in Shanghai, China. We adopted four indicators, including standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV), variation independent of the mean (VIM), and average real variability (ARV) to describe FBG variability. Adjusted multivariable Cox regression analyses and restricted cubic splines were used to investigate the association between long-term FBG variability and cancer risk. We also determined the interactive effect of FBG variability with hypertension and FBG-mean with hypertension on cancer risk, respectively. RESULTS: In this study, we confirmed 2218 cancer cases (51.1% male) over a median follow-up of 2.86 years. In the multivariable-adjusted models, participants in the highest quartile of FBG variability had an increased risk of cancer compared with those in the lowest quartile. The nonlinear association was found when using FBG-VIM, FBG-ARV, and FBG-SD in restricted cubic spline plots. There was a significant interaction effect of FBG variability with hypertension on cancer, whereas the effect of FBG-mean with hypertension did not attain significance. CONCLUSIONS: Our retrospective cohort study demonstrated a positive association between the long-term changes in FBG and cancer risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. FBG variability may independently predict cancer incidence.

15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2204849, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354175

RESUMO

Centenarians, who show mild infections and low incidence of tumors, are the optimal model to investigate healthy aging. However, longevity related immune characteristics has not been fully revealed largely due to lack of appropriate controls. In this study, single-cell transcriptomic analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from seven centenarians (CEN), six centenarians' offspring (CO), and nine offspring spouses or neighbors (Control, age-matched to CO) are performed to investigate the shared immune features between CEN and CO. The results indicate that among all 12 T cell clusters, the cytotoxic-phenotype-clusters (CPC) and the naïve-phenotype-clusters (NPC) significantly change between CEN and ontrol. Compared to Control, both CEN and CO are characterized by depleted NPC and increased CPC, which is dominated by CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, CPC from CEN and CO share enhanced signaling pathways and transcriptional factors associated with immune response, and possesse similar T-cell-receptor features, such as high clonal expansion. Interestingly, rather than a significant increase in GZMK+ CD8 cells during aging, centenarians show accumulation of GZMB+ and CMC1+ CD8 T cells. Collectively, this study unveils an immune remodeling pattern reflected by both quantitative increase and functional reinforcement of cytotoxic T cells which are essential for healthy aging.

16.
Org Lett ; 24(45): 8406-8411, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350055

RESUMO

A novel and efficient I2/FeCl3-catalyzed domino reaction of aurones with enamino esters via Michael addition, iodination, intramolecular nucleophilic substitution, and spiro ring opening processes has been developed, affording a vast variety of polysubstituted pyrroles in moderate to excellent yields. This protocol features mild reaction conditions, broad substrate scope, high atom economy and efficiency, and feasibility for large-scale synthesis. A plausible mechanism for the pyrrole synthesis is proposed.

17.
Drug Deliv ; 29(1): 3317-3327, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369759

RESUMO

Meloxicam (MLX) is a commonly used drug in the clinical treatment of osteoarthritis, but it is associated with gastrointestinal adverse reactions. Therefore, in this study, we developed a sustained-release microsphere formulation of MLX for topical administration of knee joint. The MLX-loaded PLGA microspheres (MLX-MS) were prepared by emulsion solvent evaporation method with optimization of formulation using orthogonal experimental design. Physicochemical characterization results show MLX-MS were spherical with a smooth surface, the particle size was about 100 µm, drug loading was 30%, and encapsulation efficiency was 76.8%. In addition, the in vivo pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and pharmacodynamics were evaluated in rats by intra-articular administration of MLX. The microspheres showed a typical long-term sustained release pattern with a low initial burst release. In contrast to oral administration, local injection of MLX-MS produced a much higher value of elimination half-life time(T1/2) and peak time (Tmax) in plasma, while the intestinal drug distribution was significantly decreased. MLX-MS could also cause a greater reduction in the body level of IL-6 and TNF-α, which was positively correlated with R2=0.981. A good linear relationship (R2 = 0.9945) between the in vitro and in vivo drug release from MLX-MS could be observed, bivariate correlation analysis. All the findings demonstrated that local administration of MLX-MS can prolong the action time of MLX and reduce side effects, thus would be a promising preparation for the treatment of arthritis.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Ratos , Animais , Microesferas , Meloxicam , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Injeções Intra-Articulares
18.
Asian J Androl ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348578

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) findings of prostate cancer (PCa) guided by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and to improve the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) system for avoiding unnecessary mpMRI-guided targeted biopsy (TB). From January 2018 to October 2019, fusion mpMRI and TRUS-guided biopsies were performed in 162 consecutive patients. The study included 188 suspicious lesions on mpMRI in 156 patients, all of whom underwent mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-guided TB and 12-core transperineal systematic biopsy (SB). Univariate analyses were performed to investigate the relationship between TRUS features and PCa. Then, logistic regression analysis with generalized estimating equations was performed to determine the independent predictors of PCa and obtain the fitted probability of PCa. The detection rates of PCa based on TB alone, SB alone, and combined SB and TB were 55.9% (105 of 188), 52.6% (82 of 156), and 62.8% (98 of 156), respectively. The significant predictors of PCa on TRUS were hypoechogenicity (odds ratio [OR]: 9.595, P = 0.002), taller-than-wide shape (OR: 3.539, P = 0.022), asymmetric vascular structures (OR: 3.728, P = 0.031), close proximity to capsule (OR: 3.473, P = 0.040), and irregular margins (OR: 3.843, P = 0.041). We propose subgrouping PI-RADS score 3 into categories 3a, 3b, 3c, and 3d based on different numbers of TRUS predictors, as the creation of PI-RADS 3a (no suspicious ultrasound features) could avoid 16.7% of mpMRI-guided TBs. Risk stratification of PCa with mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-directed ultrasound features could avoid unnecessary mpMRI-TBs.

19.
Support Care Cancer ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum lipid management is an important health management goal for breast cancer patients with endocrine therapy, and serum lipid knowledge is a substantial factor influencing patients' serum lipid management behavior. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between family support, serum lipid knowledge and quality of life in breast cancer women with endocrine therapy. METHODS: Through convenience sampling, 301 women who had been treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University and Liaoning Cancer Hospital were selected to fill in the questionnaire of knowledge-attitude-practice (KAP) on serum lipids, family support questionnaire (FSQ), and the functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast cancer (FACT-B). Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between the three. Multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of quality of life in breast cancer patients with endocrine therapy. RESULTS: The average score of KAP on serum lipids was 42.62 ± 7.333, the average score of family support was 12.55 ± 2.390, and the average score of quality of life was 97.13 ± 21.347, all above the medium level. Family support of breast cancer women with endocrine therapy was positively correlated with serum lipid knowledge and quality of life. Disease stage, family support, and serum lipid knowledge were the influencing factors of quality of life of breast cancer women with endocrine therapy. CONCLUSION: Good family support is associated with better serum lipid knowledge in breast cancer women with endocrine therapy. Therefore, interventions that aim to improve the level of family support may be one way to improve the knowledge level of serum lipid, prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and improve the quality of life.

20.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 666, 2022 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323676

RESUMO

Rodent dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is widely used for studying axonal injury. Extensive studies have explored genome-wide profiles on rodent DRGs under peripheral nerve insults. However, systematic integration and exploration of these data still be limited. Herein, we re-analyzed 21 RNA-seq datasets and presented a web-based resource (DRGProfile). We identified 53 evolutionarily conserved injury response genes, including well-known injury genes (Atf3, Npy and Gal) and less-studied transcriptional factors (Arid5a, Csrnp1, Zfp367). Notably, we identified species-preference injury response candidates (e.g. Gpr151, Lipn, Anxa10 in mice; Crisp3, Csrp3, Vip, Hamp in rats). Temporal profile analysis reveals expression patterns of genes related to pre-regenerative and regenerating states. Finally, we found a large sex difference in response to sciatic nerve injury, and identified four male-specific markers (Uty, Eif2s3y, Kdm5d, Ddx3y) expressed in DRG. Our study provides a comprehensive integrated landscape for expression change in DRG upon injury which will greatly contribute to the neuroscience community.


Assuntos
Gânglios Espinais , Nervo Isquiático , Ratos , Masculino , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Nervo Isquiático/lesões , Nervo Isquiático/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
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