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1.
Prev Med Rep ; 39: 102639, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357224

RESUMO

Objectives: The Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) score has been widely used to assess the prognosis in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between ALBI score and all-cause mortality in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in general. Methods: Patients aged ≥ 18 years with previous or current HBV infection from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States between 1999 and 2018 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Weight univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to assess the relationship between ALBI score and all-cause mortality. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was utilized to assess the predictive effect of ALBI score for all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 3,666 patients were included, of whom 925 (23.53 %) patients died. Compared with ALBI score ≤ -2.6, HBV-infected patients with ALBI score > -2.6 [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.75; 95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.43-2.14] were corrected with a higher all-cause mortality risk after adjusting for confounders. Stratified analyses showed that higher ALBI score was related to a higher risk of all-cause mortality in different patients with HBV infection (All P < 0.05). Furthermore, the ALBI score had good predictive ability for 1-year (AUC = 0.816, 95 %CI: 0.754-0.878), 3-year (AUC = 0.808, 95 %CI: 0.775-0.841), 5-year (AUC = 0.809, 95 %CI: 0.783-0.835), and 10-year (AUC = 0.806, 95 %CI: 0.784-0.827) all-cause mortality. Conclusion: Higher ALBI score was related to a higher risk of all-cause mortality in patients with HBV infection, and the ALBI score showed a good predictive effect for short- and long-term all-cause mortality.

2.
J Couns Psychol ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300561

RESUMO

Vocational interests have been an important concept for career decision making and counseling. However, while researchers have separately explored the criterion validity of interest congruence and the formation mechanism of interests, there has been little joint, interactive consideration of the two key aspects of interests. A key issue remains unclear: Could interests with different focal formation mechanisms have different consequences? Drawing on the motivation and vocational literature, this article first explains why it is possible and necessary to differentiate the formation mechanisms of interests in terms of motivational focus (intrinsic, extrinsic-autonomous, and extrinsic-controlled). Then, it formulates how the motivational focus of interests interacts with the performance focus of environments (quality-oriented vs. quantity-oriented) and the value focus of individuals (intrinsic vs. extrinsic satisfaction) in shaping the criterion validity of congruence. By linking what people like with why they like it, the joint interest formation and consequence model (a) delineates the motivational, performance, and value moderators of congruence-criterion links and explains previous results; (b) suggests assessment strategies that can facilitate research and practice related to the joint model and marginalized populations; and (c) provides insights into the flexible use of interests in different scenarios of career selection. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).

3.
Natl Sci Rev ; 11(3): nwad299, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312383

RESUMO

A digital coding metasurface is a platform connecting the digital space and electromagnetic wave space, and has therefore gained much attention due to its intriguing value in reshaping wireless channels and realizing new communication architectures. Correspondingly, there is an urgent need for electromagnetic information theory that reveals the upper limit of communication capacity and supports the accurate design of metasurface-based communication systems. To this end, we propose a macroscopic model and a statistical model of the digital coding metasurface. The macroscopic model uniformly accommodates both digital and electromagnetic aspects of the meta-atoms and predicts all possible scattered fields of the digital coding metasurface based on a small number of simulations or measurements. Full-wave simulations and experimental results show that the macroscopic model is feasible and accurate. A statistical model is further proposed to correlate the mutual coupling between meta-atoms with covariance and to calculate the entropy of the equivalent currents of digital coding metasurface. These two models can help reconfigurable intelligent surfaces achieve more accurate beamforming and channel estimation, and thus improve signal power and coverage. Moreover, the models will encourage the creation of a precoding codebook in metasurface-based direct digital modulation systems, with the aim of approaching the upper limit of channel capacity. With these two models, the concepts of current space and current entropy, as well as the analysis of information loss from the coding space to wave space, is established for the first time, helping to bridge the gap between the digital world and the physical world, and advancing developments of electromagnetic information theory and new-architecture wireless systems.

4.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24558, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312594

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and image processing time of the dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) exchange model in liver fibrosis staging and compare it to the efficacy of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). Methods: The subjects were 45 patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who underwent MRE and DCE-MRI in our hospital. Liver biopsy results were available for all patients. Spearman rank correlation coefficients were used to compare the correlations among MRE, DCE-MRI and liver fibrosis parameters. Quantitative DCE-MRI parameters, MRE-derived liver stiffness measurement (LSM), and the results of a combined DCE-MRI + MRE logistic regression model were compared in terms of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). We also compared the scanning and postprocessing times of the MRE and DCE-MRI techniques. Results: The correlation coefficients between the following parameters of interest and liver fibrosis were as follows: capillary permeability-surface area product (PS; DCE-MRI parameter), -0.761; portal blood flow (Fp; DCE-MRI parameter), -0.754; MRE-LSM, 0.835. Some DCE-MRI parameters (PS, Fp) had slightly greater AUC values than MRE-LSM for diagnosing the presence or absence of liver fibrosis, and the combined model had the highest AUC value for all stages except F4, but there was no significant difference in the diagnostic efficacy of the DCE-MRI, MRE, and combined models for any stage of fibrosis. The average scanning times for MRE and DCE-MRI were 17 s and 330 s, respectively, and the average postprocessing times were 45.5 s and 342.7 s, respectively. Conclusions: In the absence of MRE equipment, DCE-MRI represents an alternative technique. However, MRE is a quicker and simpler method for assessing fibrosis than DCE-MRI in the clinic.

5.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 14(2): 667-681, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322327

RESUMO

Studies have suggested that the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is implicated in the pathophysiology of major depression; however, the regulatory strategy that targets the NAc to achieve an exclusive and outstanding anti-depression benefit has not been elucidated. Here, we identified a specific reduction of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in the subset of dopamine D1 receptor medium spiny neurons (D1-MSNs) in the NAc that promoted stress susceptibility, while the stimulation of cAMP production in NAc D1-MSNs efficiently rescued depression-like behaviors. Ketamine treatment enhanced cAMP both in D1-MSNs and dopamine D2 receptor medium spiny neurons (D2-MSNs) of depressed mice, however, the rapid antidepressant effect of ketamine solely depended on elevating cAMP in NAc D1-MSNs. We discovered that a higher dose of crocin markedly increased cAMP in the NAc and consistently relieved depression 24 h after oral administration, but not a lower dose. The fast onset property of crocin was verified through multicenter studies. Moreover, crocin specifically targeted at D1-MSN cAMP signaling in the NAc to relieve depression and had no effect on D2-MSN. These findings characterize a new strategy to achieve an exclusive and outstanding anti-depression benefit by elevating cAMP in D1-MSNs in the NAc, and provide a potential rapid antidepressant drug candidate, crocin.

6.
Br J Dermatol ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xeligekimab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that selectively neutralizes IL-17A and had shown potential efficacy in preliminary trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Xeligekimab in Chinese patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. METHODS: A total of 420 Chinese patients were randomized to 200 mg Xeligekimab every 2 weeks (n = 281) or placebo (n = 139) for the first 12 weeks, followed by extending the treatment schedule to GR1501 every 4 weeks for further 40 weeks. Efficacy was assessed by evaluating the Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) 0/1 and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75/90/100 improvement. The safety profile was also evaluated. RESULTS: At week 12, The PASI 75/90/100 were achieved in 90.7%/74.4%/30.2%% patients in GR1501 group compared with 8.6%/1.4%/0% patients in placebo group, respectively. The PGA 0/1 were achieved in 74.4% patients of GR1501 group and 3.6% patients in placebo group, respectively. The PASI 75 and PGA 0/1 maintained until week 52. No unexpected adverse events were observed. CONCLUSION: Xeligekimab showed high efficacy and is well tolerated in Chinese patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.

7.
Gland Surg ; 13(1): 32-44, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323231

RESUMO

Background: Functional parathyroid cysts (FPCs) are rare and difficult to diagnose with noninvasive methods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of 99mTc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) single-photon emission computed tomography/computerized tomography (SPECT/CT) parathyroid imaging in the diagnosis of FPCs and to account for its performance. Methods: The data from 10 patients with suspected parathyroid cysts (PCs) who underwent 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT parathyroid imaging between 2012 and 2022 were retrospectively evaluated. The diagnostic value of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT parathyroid imaging for FPCs was analyzed. Results: Surgical resection was performed in six cases and parathyroid puncture was performed in four cases. The sensitivity of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT for FPCs was 100.0% (3/3), with a specificity of 100.0% (7/7) and an accuracy of 100.0% (10/10). The postoperative pathological findings in three cases of FPCs were parathyroid adenoma, parathyroid adenoma with hemorrhage, and parathyroid adenoma with cystic degeneration, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound and CT for PCs was only 22.22% (2/9) and 25.0% (1/4), respectively, and neither modality could indicate whether the cysts were functional or not. Conclusions: 99mTc-MIBI parathyroid SPECT/CT imaging has a high value in the diagnosis of FPCs in patients with suspected PCs, and an intense ring-shaped accumulation of radioactivity in the cyst wall on 99mTc-MIBI imaging suggests that the patient may have FPCs.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335057

RESUMO

A long-term goal of rechargeable zinc-air batteries (ZABs) has always been to design bifunctional electrocatalysts that are robust, effective, and affordable for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). It has become a feasible method to construct metal/metal oxide interfaces to achieve superior electrocatalytic performance for ORR and OER by enhanced charge transfer. In this study, Co/Co3O4 heterojunctions were successfully prepared and encased in porous N-doped mesoporous carbon (Co/Co3O4@NC) via a simple condensation-carbonization-etching method. The extensive specific surface area of Co/Co3O4@NC facilitates effective interaction between the electrolyte and the catalyst, thereby enabling sufficient exposure of active sites for the ORR and the OER, consequently enhancing the rate of transport of active species. The well-designed Co/Co3O4@NC delivers superior ORR catalytic activity with a half-wave potential of 0.82 V (vs RHE) and a low overpotential of 347 mV at 10 mA cm-2 for OER in alkaline solution. The power density of Co/Co3O4@NC-based alkaline aqueous ZAB (156.5 mW cm-2) is superior to the commercial Pt/C + IrO2-based alkaline aqueous ZAB, and the cycling stability of ZAB is up to 220 h. In addition, Co/Co3O4@NC-based ZAB shows a high power density (50.1 mW cm-2). The construction of metal/metal oxide heterojunction encased in N-doped mesoporous carbon provides a novel route for the design of bifunctional electrocatalysts for high-performance ZABs.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346295

RESUMO

Sarcopenia was recently reported to be relevant to an increased macro-and microvascular disease risk. Sarcopenia index (SI) has been identified as a surrogate marker for sarcopenia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between macro- and microvascular disease and SI in patients with T2DM. A total of 783 patients with T2DM were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The SI was calculated by (serum creatinine [mg/dL]/cystatin C [mg/L]) ×100. The subjects were divided into three groups according to SI tertiles: T1 (41.27-81.37), T2 (81.38- 99.55), and T3 (99.56-192.31). Parameters of macro- and microvascular complications, including diabetic retinopathy (DR), micro- and macroalbuminuria (MAU), diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), and lower extremity peripheral artery disease (LEAD) were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that when taking the top tertile of SI as a reference, an increasing trend of the prevalence of DR, MAU, DPN, and LEAD were presented (all Pfor trend < 0.05), where the OR (95% CI) for DR prevalence was 1.967 (1.252-3.090) in T2, 2.195 (1.278-3.769) in T1, for MAU was 1.805 (1.149-2.837) in T2, 2.537 (1.490-4.320) in T1, for DPN was 2.244 (1.485-3.391) in T2, 3.172 (1.884-5.341) in T1, and for LEAD was 2.017 (1.002-4.057) in T2, 2.405 (1.107-5.225) in T1 (all P < 0.05). Patients with lower SI were more inclined to have an increased risk of macro- and microvascular damage in T2DM population, which may be related to sarcopenia.

10.
Asian J Androl ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353463

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the effects of male hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection on male fertility, embryonic development, and in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study that included 3965 infertile couples who received fresh embryo transfer cycles for the first time at the Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital (Fuzhou, China) from January 2018 to January 2021. Infertile couples were categorized based on their HBV infection status into the HBV group (HBV-positive men and HBV-negative women) and the control group (HBV-negative couples). A 1:1 propensity score matching was performed with relatively balanced covariates. Baseline characteristics, semen parameters, laboratory outcomes, clinical outcomes, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared between groups. After propensity score matching, 821 couples were included in each group. Both groups had similar semen parameters and obstetric and neonatal outcomes. The HBV group showed a significantly lower live birth rate than the control group (P < 0.05). The HBV group had a significantly higher abortion rate than the control group (P < 0.05). The rates of high-quality embryos and blastocyst formation were significantly lower in the HBV group than those in the control group (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, in couples who undergo IVF/ICSI, male HBV infection reduces the live birth rate and increases the risk of miscarriage. However, the incidence of low birth weight in women with IVF/ICSI does not increase with male HBV infection.

11.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e22772, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298668

RESUMO

Purpose: Sepsis-induced acute lung injury is related to high mortality. MiR-2113 possesses important functions in human diseases. This research aimed to clarify the role and mechanism of miR-2113 in sepsis-induced acute lung injury. Methods: The expression of miR-2113 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced MLE-12 cells, serum of sepsis patients, and cecal ligation and puncture mouse models was examined using quantitative real-time PCR. The functions of miR-2113 in LPS-treated MLE-12 cells were estimated by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot, and immunofluorescence. The influences of miR-2113 in cecal ligation and puncture-induced acute lung injury in mice were assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling assay, acute pulmonary dysfunction analysis, lactate dehydrogenase levels and total protein concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and Masson staining. Also, the mechanism of miR-2113 was examined using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results: MiR-2113 expression was decreased in LPS-induced MLE-12 cells, serum of sepsis patients, and cecal ligation and puncture mouse models. miR-2113 overexpression restored LPS-reduced MLE-12 cell proliferation, but alleviated LPS-induced apoptosis and markers of inflammation and fibrosis in MLE-12 cells. Moreover, we found that miR-2113 mimic reduced LPS-induced MLE-12 cell injury by negatively regulating high-mobility group box 1. In vivo data further confirmed that miR-2113 overexpression alleviated acute pulmonary dysfunction, inflammation and fibrosis in cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis mice. Conclusion: MiR-2113 relieved sepsis-induced acute pulmonary dysfunction, inflammation and fibrosis through decreasing high-mobility group box 1.

12.
Exp Cell Res ; : 113954, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307188

RESUMO

The trafficking of aquaporin 5 (AQP5) is critical for salivary secretion. Synaptosomal-associated protein 23 (SNAP23) is an important regulator in the process of membrane fusion. However, the role of SNAP23 on AQP5 trafficking has not been explored. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) is a bacterial toxin that effectively treats sialorrhea. We previously reported that BoNT/A induced AQP5 redistribution in cultured acinar cells, but the mechanism remained unclear. In this study, SNAP23 was predominantly localized to the plasma membrane of acinar cells in the rat submandibular gland (SMG) and colocalized with AQP5 at the apical membrane of acinar cells. In stable GFP-AQP5-transfected SMG-C6 cells, the acetylcholine receptor agonist carbachol (CCh) induced trafficking of AQP5 from intracellular vesicles to the apical membrane. Furthermore, SNAP23 knockdown by siRNA significantly inhibited CCh-induced AQP5 trafficking, whereas this inhibitory effect was reversed by SNAP23 re-expression, indicating that SNAP23 was essential in AQP5 trafficking. More importantly, BoNT/A inhibited salivary secretion from SMGs, and the underlying mechanism involved that BoNT/A blocked CCh-triggered AQP5 trafficking by decreasing SNAP23 in acinar cells. Taken together, these results identified a crucial role for SNAP23 in AQP5 trafficking and provided new insights into the mechanism of BoNT/A in treating sialorrhea and thereby a theoretical basis for clinical applications.

13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2306827, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308184

RESUMO

Cholesterol metabolism has important roles in maintaining membrane integrity and countering the development of diseases such as obesity and cancers. Cancer cells sustain cholesterol biogenesis for their proliferation and microenvironment reprograming even when sterols are abundant. However, efficacy of targeting cholesterol metabolism for cancer treatment is always compromised. Here it is shown that CSN6 is elevated in HCC and is a positive regulator of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase 1 (HMGCS1) of mevalonate (MVA) pathway to promote tumorigenesis. Mechanistically, CSN6 antagonizes speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) ubiquitin ligase to stabilize HMGCS1, which in turn activates YAP1 to promote tumor growth. In orthotopic liver cancer models, targeting CSN6 and HMGCS1 hinders tumor growth in both normal and high fat diet. Significantly, HMGCS1 depletion improves YAP inhibitor efficacy in patient derived xenograft models. The results identify a CSN6-HMGCS1-YAP1 axis mediating tumor outgrowth in HCC and propose a therapeutic strategy of targeting non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases- associated HCC.

14.
Ginekol Pol ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334340

RESUMO

Recurrent miscarriage, poses a significant challenge for many couples globally, the causes of which are not fully understood. Recent studies have shown the intricate link between uterine inflammation and recurrent miscarriages. While inflammation is essential during early pregnancy stages, especially in embryo implantation, an imbalance can lead to miscarriage. Key inflammatory mediators and an imbalance in immune cells can significantly alter and contribute to recurrent miscarriages. Lifestyle factors like smoking and obesity exacerbate inflammatory responses, increasing miscarriage risks. Understanding the interaction between the uterine environment, immune cell imbalances, and recurrent miscarriages is essential for devising effective treatments. This paper presents the latest data on inflammation's role in recurrent miscarriage, emphasizing the significance of diagnosing chronic endometritis and immune imbalances, offering practical recommendations for treatment and diagnosis.

15.
Phytomedicine ; 126: 155409, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flavonoids are extensively present in fruits, vegetables, grains, and medicinal plants. Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MI/R) comprise a sequence of detrimental incidents following myocardial ischemia. Research indicates that flavonoids have the potential to act as cardioprotective agents against MI/R injuries. Several specific flavonoids, e.g., luteolin, hesperidin, quercetin, kaempferol, and puerarin, have demonstrated cardioprotective activities in animal models. PURPOSE: The objective of this review is to identify the cardioprotective flavonoids, investigate their mechanisms of action, and explore their application in myocardial ischemia. METHODS: A search of PubMed database and Google Scholar was conducted using keywords "myocardial ischemia" and "flavonoids". Studies published within the last 10 years reporting on the cardioprotective effects of natural flavonoids on animal models were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 55 natural flavonoids were identified and discussed within this review. It can be summarized that flavonoids regulate the following main strategies: antioxidation, anti-inflammation, calcium modulation, mitochondrial protection, ER stress inhibition, anti-apoptosis, ferroptosis inhibition, autophagy modulation, and inhibition of adverse cardiac remodeling. Additionally, the number and position of OH, 3'4'-catechol, C2=C3, and C4=O may play a significant role in the cardioprotective activity of flavonoids. CONCLUSION: This review serves as a reference for designing a daily diet to prevent or reduce damages following ischemia and screening of flavonoids for clinical application.

16.
Gastroenterology ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Apoptosis generates plenty of membrane-bound nanovesicles, the apoptotic vesicles (apoVs), which show promise for biomedical applications. The liver serves as a significant organ for apoptotic material removal. Whether and how the liver metabolizes apoptotic vesicular products and contributes to liver health and disease are unrecognized. METHODS: ApoVs were labeled and traced after intravenous infusion. Apoptosis-deficient mice by Fas mutant (Fasmut) and Caspase-3 knockout (Casp3-/-) were used with apoV replenishment to evaluate the physiological apoV function. Combinations of morphological, biochemical, cellular, and molecular assays were applied to assess the liver while performing hepatocyte analysis. Partial hepatectomy (PHx) and acetaminophen (APAP) liver failure models were established to investigate liver regeneration and disease recovery. RESULTS: We discovered that the liver is a major metabolic organ of circulatory apoVs, in which apoVs undergo endocytosis by hepatocytes via a sugar recognition system. Moreover, apoVs play an indispensable role to counteract hepatocellular injury and liver impairment in apoptosis-deficient mice upon replenishment. Surprisingly, apoVs form a chimeric organelle complex with the hepatocyte Golgi apparatus through the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) machinery, which preserves Golgi integrity, promotes microtubule acetylation by regulating alpha-tubulin N-acetyltransferase 1 (αTAT1), and consequently facilitates hepatocyte cytokinesis for liver recovery. The assembly of apoV-Golgi complex (AGC) is further revealed to contribute to liver homeostasis, regeneration, and protection against acute liver failure. CONCLUSIONS: These findings establish a previously unrecognized functional and mechanistic framework that apoptosis through vesicular metabolism safeguards liver homeostasis and regeneration, which holds promise for hepatic disease therapeutics.

17.
Eur Spine J ; 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340177

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the neuronal metrics/microstructure of the spinal cord around apical region in patients with hyperkyphosis using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with hyperkyphosis aged 45.5 ± 19.6 years old who underwent 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination with DTI sequence were prospectively enrolled from July 2022 to July 2023. Patients were divided into three groups according to spinal cord/ cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) architecture on sagittal-T2 MRI of the thoracic apex (the axial spinal cord classification): Group A-circular cord with visible CSF, Group B-circular cord without visible CSF at apical dorsal, and Group C-spinal cord deformed without intervening CSF. The fractional anisotropy (FA) values acquired from DTI were compared among different groups. Correlations between DTI parameters and global kyphosis (GK)/sagittal deformity angular ratio (sagittal DAR) were evaluated using Pearson correlation coefficients. RESULTS: In all patients, FA values were significantly lower at apical level as compared with those at one level above or below the apex (0.548 ± 0.070 vs. 0.627 ± 0.056 versus 0.624 ± 0.039, P < 0.001). At the apical level, FA values were significantly lower in Group C than those in Group B (0.501 ± 0.052 vs. 0.598 ± 0.061, P < 0.001) and Group A (0.501 ± 0.052 vs. 0.597 ± 0.019, P < 0.001). Moreover, FA values were significantly lower in symptomatic group than those in non-symptomatic group (0.498 ± 0.049 v. 0.578 ± 0.065, P < 0.001). Pearson correlation analysis showed that GK (r2 = 0.3945, P < 0.001) and sagittal DAR (r2 = 0.3079, P < 0.001) were significantly correlation with FA values at apical level. CONCLUSION: In patients with hyperkyphosis, the FA of spinal cord at apical level was associated with the neuronal metrics/microstructure of the spinal cord. Furthermore, the DTI parameter of FA at apical level was associated with GK and sagittal DAR.

18.
Cancer Pathog Ther ; 2(1): 50-57, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38188221

RESUMO

Background: The timing and incidence of recurrent bone metastasis (BM) after radical gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer (GC) as well as the survival of these patients were not fully understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the data of an observational GC cohort and identify patients who underwent curative gastrectomy and had recurrent BM to describe and clarify the pattern and profile of BM evolution after surgery. Methods: Data were retrieved from a hospital-based GC cohort, and patients who underwent upfront radical gastrectomy were selected. The time points of specific organ metastatic events were recorded, and the person-year incidence rate of metastatic events was calculated. The latency period of BM events after gastrectomy was measured and compared with that of the other two most common metastatic events, liver metastasis (LM) and distant lymph node metastasis (LNM), using analysis of variance. Propensity score matching and subgroup analysis were used for sensitivity analysis. Results: A total of 1324 GC cases underwent radical gastrectomy between January 2011 and December 2021. Of these, 67 BM, 218 LM, and 248 LNM occurred before the last follow-up. The incidence of BM events was 1.7/100 person-years, which was approximately 3-fold lower than that of LM and distant LNM events (5.5 and 6.3 per 100 person-years, respectively). BM events had a significantly longer latency (median time, 16.5 months) than LM and LNM events (11.1 and 12.0 months, respectively). Recurrent BM led to a worse prognosis (median survival, 4.5 months) than those of LM and LNM events (median survival, 7.7 and 7.1 months, respectively). However, no difference in overall survival after gastrectomy was observed among the groups. Conclusions: Compared with other common metastatic events, BM in GC after gastrectomy is a late-onset event indicating poor survival. Trial registration: No. ChiCTR1800019978; http://www.chictr.org.cn/.

19.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e23942, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38192780

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have shown that the rs717620 polymorphism in ABCC2, the gene encoding multidrug resistance protein 2, influences the therapeutic response to anti-seizure medications (ASMs). However, this result is not consistent, and the mechanism by which rs717620 influences ASM responses is unclear. Aims: The present study evaluated the association between rs717620 genotype and ASM efficacy, and examined the potential mechanisms. Main: methods: We conducted a literature search of five electronic databases, Embase, Medline, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang, to identify relevant studies on response to ASM therapy among rs717620 genotypes. Expression quantitative trait loci analysis and drug-gene interaction analysis were also performed to assess the underlying mechanisms. Key findings: The pooled results for 18 studies revealed a significant association between rs717620 genotype and ASM resistance under the recessive model (TT vs. CT + CC: OR = 1.68, 95 % CI = 1.27-2.21, I2 = 3.1 %). A significant association was also found in the Asian population under the recessive model (TT vs. CT + CC: OR = 1.70, 95 % CI = 1.26-2.29, I2 = 29.3 %). Further analysis revealed that rs717620 regulates the expression of ABCC2 in human brain, while drug-gene interaction analysis suggested that ABCC2 interacts with oxcarbazepine and carbamazepine. Significance: The rs717620 polymorphism influences ASM therapeutic responses by altering brain expression levels of ABCC2.

20.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38195799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether liver observations in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) display inconsistent arterial phase hyperenhancement (APHE) subtypes on the multi-hepatic arterial phase imaging (mHAP) and to further investigate factors affecting inconsistent APHE subtype of observations on mHAP imaging. METHODS: From April 2018 to June 2021, a total of 141 patients at high risk of HCC with 238 liver observations who underwent mHAP MRI acquisitions were consecutively included in this retrospective study. Two experienced radiologists reviewed individual arterial phase imaging independently and assessed the enhancement pattern of each liver observation according to LI-RADS. Another two experienced radiologists identified and recorded the genuine timing phase of each phase independently. When a disagreement appeared between the two radiologists, another expert participated in the discussion to get a final decision. A separate descriptive analysis was used for all observations scored APHE by the radiologists. The Kappa coefficient was used to determine the agreement between the two radiologists. Univariate analysis was performed to investigate the factors affecting inconsistent APHE subtype of liver observations on mHAP imaging. RESULTS: The interobserver agreement was substantial to almost perfect agreement on the assessment of timing phase (κ = 0.712-0.887) and evaluation of APHE subtype (κ = 0.795-0.901). A total of 87.8% (209/238) of the observations showed consistent nonrim APHE and 10.2% (24/238) of the observations showed consistent rim APHE on mHAP imaging. A total of 2.1% (5/238) of the liver observations were considered inconsistent APHE subtypes, and all progressed nonrim to rim on mHAP imaging. 87.9% (124/141) of the mHAP acquisitions were all arterial phases and 12.1% (17/141) of the mHAP acquisitions obtained both the arterial phase and portal venous phase. Univariate analysis was performed and found that the timing phase of mHAP imaging affected the consistency of APHE subtype of liver observations. When considering the timing phase and excluding the portal venous phase acquired by mHAP imaging, none of the liver observations showed inconsistent APHE subtypes on mHAP imaging. CONCLUSION: The timing phase which mHAP acquisition contained portal venous phase affected the inconsistency of APHE subtype of liver observations on mHAP imaging. When evaluating the APHE subtype of liver observations, it's necessary to assess the timing of each phase acquired by the mHAP technique at first.

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