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1.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28608, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586331

RESUMO

Apoptosis is the primary cause of cell death in the differentiation of Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) into neurons. However, the relationship between endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and death receptor-mediated apoptosis in ADSC-induced neuronal differentiation is not clear. ADSCs were isolated and induced to differentiate into neurons using ß-mercaptoethanol. The expression of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), GRP94, CHOP, Fas/FasL, TNFR1/TNF-α, DR5/TRAIL, Caspase8, and Caspase3 in ADSCs was examined using immunocytochemistry and Western blotting before induction, during pre-induction, and after induction. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe changes in the morphology of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the MTT assay was employed to measure cell viability in the uninduced and induced groups. Additionally, the number of apoptotic cells during the induction process was measured using flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI. With increasing induction time, the positive expression rates of CHOP, Fas/FasL, Caspase8, Caspase-3, and NSE gradually increased, while the positive expression rate of GRP94 decreased. TNFR1/TNF-α and DR5/TRAIL peaked at 5 h post-induction and then decreased at 8 h. TEM revealed swelling and expansion of the ER, vacuolar changes, and degranulation in cells. The MTT assay showed a gradual decrease in the absorbance of surviving cells in all groups. Flow cytometry indicated an increasing rate of apoptosis in cells. Therefore, ERS in the normal culture and growth of ADSCs, manifesting as enhanced unfolded protein response (UPR), maintains the normal survival of ADSCs. However, in the process of ADSC-induced differentiation into neurons, ERS and death receptor-mediated apoptosis are significant causes of cell death.

2.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 58, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Danggui Sini decoction (DSD), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, has the function of nourishing blood, warming meridians, and unblocking collaterals. Our clinical and animal studies had shown that DSD can effectively protect against oxaliplatin (OXA)-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN), but the detailed mechanisms remain uncertain. Multiple studies have confirmed that gut microbiota plays a crucial role in the development of OIPN. In this study, the potential mechanism of protective effect of DSD against OIPN by regulating gut microbiota was investigated. METHODS: The neuroprotective effects of DSD against OIPN were examined on a rat model of OIPN by determining mechanical allodynia, biological features of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) as well as proinflammatory indicators. Gut microbiota dysbiosis was characterized using 16S rDNA gene sequencing and metabolism disorders were evaluated using untargeted and targeted metabolomics. Moreover the gut microbiota mediated mechanisms were validated by antibiotic intervention and fecal microbiota transplantation. RESULTS: DSD treatment significantly alleviated OIPN symptoms by relieving mechanical allodynia, preserving DRG integrity and reducing proinflammatory indicators lipopolysaccharide (LPS), IL-6 and TNF-α. Besides, DSD restored OXA induced intestinal barrier disruption, gut microbiota dysbiosis as well as systemic metabolic disorders. Correlation analysis revealed that DSD increased bacterial genera such as Faecalibaculum, Allobaculum, Dubosiella and Rhodospirillales_unclassified were closely associated with neuroinflammation related metabolites, including positively with short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and sphingomyelin (d18:1/16:0), and negatively with pi-methylimidazoleacetic acid, L-glutamine and homovanillic acid. Meanwhile, antibiotic intervention apparently relieved OIPN symptoms. Furthermore, fecal microbiota transplantation further confirmed the mediated effects of gut microbiota. CONCLUSION: DSD alleviates OIPN by regulating gut microbiota and potentially relieving neuroinflammation related metabolic disorder.

3.
Front Physiol ; 15: 1340513, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590694

RESUMO

This document presents a study on the relationship between physical characteristics, respiratory muscle capacity, and performance in amateur half-marathon runners. The aim of this study was to establish a preliminary predictive model to provide insights into training and health management for runners. Participants were recruited from the 2023 Beijing Olympic Forest Park Half-Marathon, comprising 233 individuals. Personal information including age, gender, height, weight, and other relevant factors were collected, and standardized testing methods were used to measure various parameters. Correlation analysis revealed significant associations between gender, height, weight, maximum expiratory pressure, maximal inspiratory pressure, and half-marathon performance. Several regression equations were developed to estimate the performance of amateur marathon runners, with a focus on gender, weight, maximum expiratory pressure, and height as predictive factors. The study found that respiratory muscle training can delay muscle fatigue and improve athletic performance. Evaluating the level of respiratory muscle capacity in marathon athletes is crucial for defining the potential speed limitations and achieving optimal performance. The information from this study can assist amateur runners in optimizing their training methods and maintaining their physical wellbeing.

4.
JAMIA Open ; 7(1): ooae024, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38516346

RESUMO

Objective: Preterm birth (PTB) is a major determinant of neonatal mortality, morbidity, and childhood disability. In this article, we present a longitudinal analysis of the risk factors associated with PTB and how they have varied over the years: starting from 1968 when the CDC first started, reporting the natality data, up until 2021. Along with this article, we are also releasing an RShiny web application that will allow for easy consumption of this voluminous dataset by the research community. Further, we hope this tool can aid clinicians in the understanding and prevention of PTB. Materials and Methods: This study used the CDC Natality data from 1968 to 2021 to analyze trends in PTB outcomes across the lens of various features, including race, maternal age, education, and interval length between pregnancies. Our interactive RShiny web application, CDC NatView, allows users to explore interactions between maternal risk factors and maternal morbidity conditions and the aforementioned features. Results: Our study demonstrates how CDC data can be leveraged to conduct a longitudinal analysis of natality trends in the United States. Our key findings reveal an upward trend in late PTBs, which is concerning. Moreover, a significant disparity exists between African American and White populations in terms of PTB. These disparities persist in other areas, such as education, body-mass index, and access to prenatal care later in pregnancy. Discussion: Another notable finding is the increase in maternal age over time. Additionally, we confirm that short interpregnancy intervals (IPIs) are a risk factor for PTBs. To facilitate the exploration of pregnancy risk factors, infections, and maternal morbidity, we developed an open-source RShiny tool called CDC NatView. This software offers a user-friendly interface to interact with and visualize the CDC natality data, which constitutes an invaluable resource. Conclusion: In conclusion, our study has shed light on the rise of late PTBs and the persistent disparities in PTB rates between African American and White populations in the US. The increase in maternal age and the confirmation of a short IPI as a risk factor for PTB are noteworthy findings. Our open-source tool, CDC NatView, can be a valuable resource for further exploration of the CDC natality data to enhance our understanding of pregnancy risk factors and the interaction of PTB outcomes and maternal morbidities.

5.
Lancet Oncol ; 25(4): 439-454, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DESTINY-Lung01 is a multicentre, open-label, phase 2 study evaluating the antitumour activity and safety of trastuzumab deruxtecan, a HER2-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in patients with HER2-overexpressing or HER2 (ERBB2)-mutant unresectable or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The results of the HER2-mutant cohort (cohort 2) have been reported elsewhere. Herein, we report the primary analysis of cohorts 1 and 1A, which aimed to evaluate the activity and safety of trastuzumab deruxtecan 5·4 mg/kg and 6·4 mg/kg in patients with HER2-overexpressing NSCLC. METHODS: Patients aged 18 years or older with unresectable or metastatic (or both unresectable and metastatic) non-squamous NSCLC who had relapsed following or were refractory to standard treatment or for whom no standard treatment was available, with an HER2 immunohistochemistry score of 3+ or 2+ (without known HER2 mutations) and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0 or 1, were enrolled at 20 specialist hospitals in France, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, and the USA. Patients were assigned to cohorts sequentially, first to cohort 1, to receive trastuzumab deruxtecan 6·4 mg/kg (cohort 1), then to cohort 1A, to receive trastuzumab deruxtecan 5·4 mg/kg, both administered intravenously once every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was confirmed objective response rate by independent central review and was assessed in the full analysis set, which included all patients who signed an informed consent form and were enrolled in the study. Safety was assessed in all enrolled patients who received at least one dose of trastuzumab deruxtecan. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03505710, and is ongoing (closed to recruitment). FINDINGS: Between Aug 27, 2018, and Jan 28, 2020, 49 patients were enrolled in cohort 1 (median age 63·0 years [IQR 58·0-68·0], 30 [61%] male, 19 [39%] female, and 31 [63%] White), and from June 16 to Dec 9, 2020, 41 patients were enrolled in cohort 1A (median age 62·0 years [IQR 56·0-66·0], 22 [54%] male, 19 [46%] female, and 31 [76%] White). As of data cutoff (Dec 3, 2021), the median treatment duration was 4·1 months (IQR 1·4-7·1) in cohort 1 and 5·5 months (1·4-8·7) in cohort 1A, and median follow-up was 12·0 months (5·4-22·4) in cohort 1 and 10·6 months (4·5-13·5) in cohort 1A. Confirmed objective response rate by independent central review was 26·5% (95% CI 15·0-41·1; 13 of 49, all partial responses) in cohort 1 and 34·1% (20·1-50·6; 14 of 41; two complete responses and 12 partial responses) in cohort 1A. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events of grade 3 or worse were neutropenia (12 [24%] of 49 in cohort 1, none in cohort 1A), pneumonia (six [12%] and two [5%], respectively), fatigue (six [12%] and three [7%], respectively), and disease progression (six [12%] and four [10%], respectively). Drug-related treatment-emergent adverse events of grade 3 or worse occurred in 26 (53%) of 41 patients in cohort 1 and nine (22%) of 49 patients in cohort 1A. Drug-related serious adverse events were reported in ten (20%) patients and three (7%) patients, respectively. Deaths due to treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in ten (20%) patients in cohort 1 (disease progression in six (12%) patients and bronchospasm, hydrocephalus, respiratory failure, and pneumonitis in one [2%] patient each), and in seven (17%) patients in cohort 1A (due to disease progression in four (10%) patients and dyspnoea, malignant neoplasm, and sepsis in one (2%) patient each). One death due to a treatment-emergent adverse event was determined to be due to study treatment by the investigator, which was in cohort 1 (pneumonitis). Independent adjudication of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis found that drug-related interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis occurred in ten (20%) patients in cohort 1 (two [4%] grade 1, five [10%] grade 2, and three [6%] grade 5) and two (5%) patients in cohort 1A (one [2%] grade 2 and one [2%] grade 5). An additional patient in cohort 1A had grade 4 pneumonitis after the data cutoff, which was subsequently adjudicated as drug-related grade 5 interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis. INTERPRETATION: Given the low antitumour activity of existing treatment options in this patient population, trastuzumab deruxtecan might have the potential to fill a large unmet need in HER2-overexpressing NSCLC. Our findings support further investigation of trastuzumab deruxtecan in patients with HER2-overexpressing NSCLC. FUNDING: Daiichi Sankyo and AstraZeneca.


Assuntos
Camptotecina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Imunoconjugados , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonia , Trastuzumab , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Progressão da Doença , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico
6.
Lung Cancer ; 190: 107541, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Metabolic reprogramming is an important coordinator of tumor development and resistance to therapy, such as the tendency of tumor cells to utilize glycolytic energy rather than oxidative phosphorylation, even under conditions of sufficient oxygen. Therefore, targeting metabolic enzymes is an effective strategy to overcome therapeutic resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We explored the differential expression and growth-promoting function of MDH2 by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting experiments in lung cancer patients and lung cancer cells. Pentose phosphate pathway-related phenotypes (including ROS levels, NADPH levels, and DNA synthesis) were detected intracellularly, and the interaction of malate and proteinase 6PGD was detected in vitro. In vivo experiments using implanted xenograft mouse models to explore the growth inhibitory effect and pro-chemotherapeutic function of dimethyl malate (DMM) on lung cancer. RESULTS: We found that the expression of malate dehydrogenase (MDH2) in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) was increased in lung cancer. Biological function enrichment analysis revealed that MDH2 not only promoted oxidative phosphorylation, but also promoted the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP pathway). Mechanistically, it was found that malate, the substrate of MDH2, can bind to the PPP pathway metabolic enzyme 6PGD, inhibit its activity, reduce the generation of NADPH, and block DNA synthesis. More importantly, DMM can improve the sensitivity of lung cancer to the clinical drug cisplatin. CONCLUSION: We have identified malate as a natural inhibitor of 6PGD, which will provide new leads for the development of 6PGD inhibitors. In addition, the metabolic enzyme MDH2 and the metabolite malate may provide a backup option for cells to inhibit their own carcinogenesis, as the accumulated malate targets 6PGD to block the PPP pathway and inhibit cell cycle progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , NADP/metabolismo , Malatos , DNA
7.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298378, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427661

RESUMO

The Chinese government's environmental conservation efforts require the active participation of all society. This study investigated how internal and external efficacy influence pro-environmental behavior with environmental willingness as a mediator. This study employed a structural equation model to analyze the data from 1499 survey questionnaires. The analysis revealed that both internal and external efficacy can enhance individuals' pro-environmental behavior in the private and public spheres. External efficacy has a stronger impact on environmental willingness and public sphere environmental behavior, while internal efficacy more significantly influences private sphere environmental behavior. Additionally, environmental willingness only mediates efficacy and public sphere environmental behavior. The innovation of this study is the examination of internal and external efficacy from the perspective of different sources and the comparison of their differential impacts on pro-environmental behavior. Relevant policies should effectively enhance residents' internal and external efficacy to comprehensively improve their level of pro-environmental behavior.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental , Políticas , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2803, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555305

RESUMO

Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are key regulators of immune responses and correlate with poor outcomes in hematologic malignancies. Here, we identify that MDSC mitochondrial fitness controls the efficacy of doxorubicin chemotherapy in a preclinical lymphoma model. Mechanistically, we show that triggering STAT3 signaling via ß2-adrenergic receptor (ß2-AR) activation leads to improved MDSC function through metabolic reprograming, marked by sustained mitochondrial respiration and higher ATP generation which reduces AMPK signaling, altering energy metabolism. Furthermore, induced STAT3 signaling in MDSCs enhances glutamine consumption via the TCA cycle. Metabolized glutamine generates itaconate which downregulates mitochondrial reactive oxygen species via regulation of Nrf2 and the oxidative stress response, enhancing MDSC survival. Using ß2-AR blockade, we target the STAT3 pathway and ATP and itaconate metabolism, disrupting ATP generation by the electron transport chain and decreasing itaconate generation causing diminished MDSC mitochondrial fitness. This disruption increases the response to doxorubicin and could be tested clinically.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Células Supressoras Mieloides , Succinatos , Humanos , Glutamina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hematológicas/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/metabolismo
9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116356, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428313

RESUMO

Aging, an inevitable aspect of human existence, serves as one of the predominant risk factors for vascular diseases. Delving into the mystery of vascular disease's pathophysiology, the profound involvement of programmed cell death (PCD) has been extensively demonstrated. PCD is a fundamental biological process that plays a crucial role in both normal physiology and pathology, including a recently discovered form, ferroptosis. Ferroptosis is characterized by its reliance on iron and lipid peroxidation, and its significant involvement in vascular disease pathophysiology has been increasingly acknowledged. This phenomenon not only offers a promising therapeutic target but also deepens our understanding of the complex relationship between ferroptosis and age-related vascular diseases. Consequently, this article aims to thoroughly review the mechanisms that enable the effective control and inhibition of ferroptosis. It focuses on genetic and pharmacological interventions, with the goal of developing innovative therapeutic strategies to combat age-related vascular diseases.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Doenças Vasculares , Humanos , Doenças Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Vasculares/genética , Fatores de Risco , Envelhecimento/genética , Apoptose , Peroxidação de Lipídeos
10.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 297: 24-29, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between body composition and serum visfatin and apelin levels in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: In this prospective observational study, the differences in body composition, levels of gonadal hormone concentrations, glucose metabolism, apelin, and visfatin were compared between PCOS patients and the control group. PCOS patients were further divided into different subgroups according to different obesity criteria and the differences between serum visfatin and apelin levels in different subgroups were compared. Finally, the correlation of serum visfatin levels and apelin levels with body composition, and metabolism-related indicators in PCOS patients was explored. RESULTS: A total collected 178 cases of PCOS patients and 172 cases of healthy women (control group) between 2020 July and 2021 November. In PCOS patients, their weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Hip Rate (WHR), Fat-Free Mass Index (FFMI), Percent Body Fat (PBF), Fat mass index (FMI), PBF of Arm, PBF of Leg, PBF of the Trunk, Visceral Fat Level (VFL), fasting insulin (FINS), Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) and Luteinizing hormone (LH) were significantly higher than in the control group (all P < 0.001), Percent Skeletal Muscle (PSM), PSM of Leg, and PSM of the Trunk were significantly decreased than in the control group (all P < 0.001). The PCOS patients had significantly higher serum visfatin levels and apelin levels compared with the control group (all P < 0.001). In PBF > 35 % PCOS patients, the apelin and visfatin levels were significantly higher than the PBF ≤ 35 % PCOS patients. In WHR ≥ 0.85 and BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 PCOS patients, the visfatin levels were significantly higher than the WHR < 0.85 and BMI < 24 kg/m2 PCOS patients. Serum apelin and visfatin positively correlated with BMI level, WHR, FFMI, PBF, FMI, PBF of arms, PBF of legs, PBF of the trunk, VFL, FBG, HOMA-IR index and negatively correlated with PSM, PSM of legs, and PSM of the trunk (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with healthy women, Patients with PCOS have an increased fat content in various parts of the body, reduced skeletal muscle content, and are often complicated by metabolic abnormalities. Serum visfatin and apelin correlated not only with obesity, fat mass, and fat distribution but also with muscle mass and distribution. It may be possible to reduce the long-term risk of metabolic disease in PCOS through the monitoring and management of the body composition in PCOS patients or to reflect the therapeutic effect of PCOS.

11.
Cell Rep ; 43(3): 113948, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483908

RESUMO

Identifying individual functional B cell receptors (BCRs) is common, but two-dimensional analysis of B cell frequency versus BCR potency would delineate both quantity and quality of antigen-specific memory B cells. We efficiently determine quantitative BCR neutralizing activities using a single-cell-derived antibody supernatant analysis (SCAN) workflow and develop a frequency-potency algorithm to estimate B cell frequencies at various neutralizing activity or binding affinity cutoffs. In an HIV-1 fusion peptide (FP) immunization study, frequency-potency curves elucidate the quantity and quality of FP-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG)+ memory B cells for different animals, time points, and antibody lineages at single-cell resolution. The BCR neutralizing activities are mainly determined by their affinities to soluble envelope trimer. Frequency analysis definitively demonstrates dominant neutralizing antibody lineages. These findings establish SCAN and frequency-potency analyses as promising approaches for general B cell analysis and monoclonal antibody (mAb) discovery. They also provide specific rationales for HIV-1 FP-directed vaccine optimization.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Soropositividade para HIV , HIV-1 , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Anti-HIV , Imunoglobulina G , Células B de Memória
12.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 81(1): 135, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478096

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a motor disorder resulting from dopaminergic neuron degeneration in the substantia nigra caused by age, genetics, and environment. The disease severely impacts a patient's quality of life and can even be life-threatening. The hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel is a member of the HCN1-4 gene family and is widely expressed in basal ganglia nuclei. The hyperpolarization-activated current mediated by the HCN channel has a distinct impact on neuronal excitability and rhythmic activity associated with PD pathogenesis, as it affects the firing activity, including both firing rate and firing pattern, of neurons in the basal ganglia nuclei. This review aims to comprehensively understand the characteristics of HCN channels by summarizing their regulatory role in neuronal firing activity of the basal ganglia nuclei. Furthermore, the distribution and characteristics of HCN channels in each nucleus of the basal ganglia group and their effect on PD symptoms through modulating neuronal electrical activity are discussed. Since the roles of the substantia nigra pars compacta and reticulata, as well as globus pallidus externus and internus, are distinct in the basal ganglia circuit, they are individually described. Lastly, this investigation briefly highlights that the HCN channel expressed on microglia plays a role in the pathological process of PD by affecting the neuroinflammatory response.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/genética , Qualidade de Vida , Gânglios da Base/fisiologia , Substância Negra
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501962

RESUMO

Cell membrane tension affects and is affected by many fundamental cellular processes, yet it is poorly understood. Recent experiments show that membrane tension can propagate at vastly different speeds in different cell types, reflecting physiological adaptations. Here we briefly review the current knowledge about membrane tension gradients, membrane flows, and their physiological context.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1335182, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38464733

RESUMO

Background: Wuhu Oral Liquid (WHOL) is a modified preparation derived from the famous Wuhu Powder, which has a long history of use in treating traumatic injuries. This preparation has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and accelerates recovery following acute soft tissue injuries. Aims: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of WHOL in treating acute soft tissue injury associated with qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome and to provide a basis for applying for the protection of varieties of Chinese medicine for WHOL. Methods: This study was a randomized, controlled, double-blind, multicenter clinical trial in which Fufang Shang Tong Capsule (FFSTC) was selected as the control drug. A total of 480 subjects with acute soft tissue injury associated with qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome were randomly divided into a test and control group in a 3:1 ratio. The duration of drug treatment was 10 days. The primary outcome was Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score for pain (including pain at rest and pain on activity). Secondary outcomes included the disappearance time of the pain at rest and on activity; the curative effect of TCM syndrome and improvement in the individual symptoms of TCM (swelling, ecchymosis, and dysfunction); and changes in C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels. Safety was assessed using vital signs, laboratory examinations, electrocardiograms, and physical examinations. Results: Patient compliance was satisfactory in both groups (all between 80% and 120%). After 4 days of treatment, the WHOL group was superior to the FFSTC group in decreasing the VAS scores for pain at rest (-1.88 ± 1.13 vs. -1.60 ± 0.93, p < 0.05) and on activity (-2.16 ± 1.18 vs. -1.80 ± 1.07, p < 0.05). After 7 days of treatment, the WHOL group was superior to the FFSTC group in decreasing the VAS scores for pain on activity (-3.87 ± 1.60 vs. -3.35 ± 1.30, p < 0.01) and improving swelling (cure rate: 60.4% vs. 46.2%, p < 0.05; obvious effective rate: 60.7% vs. 47.0%, p < 0.05). After 10 days of treatment, the WHOL group was superior to the FFSTC group in decreasing the levels of CRP (-0.13 ± 2.85 vs. 0.25 ± 2.09, p < 0.05) and improving the TCM syndrome (cure rate: 44.1% vs. 30.8%, p < 0.05) and swelling (cure rate: 75.6% vs. 67.5%, p < 0.01; obvious effective rate: 75.6% vs. 68.4%, p < 0.05; effective rate: 77.0% vs. 71.8%, p < 0.05). The disappearance time of pain at rest was 8 days in both groups and 9 days on activity in both groups. In addition, there was no statistical difference between the incidence of adverse events (4.5% vs. 2.6%, p > 0.05) and adverse reactions (0.3% vs. 0%, p > 0.05) between the WHOL group and the FFSTC group. No serious adverse events occurred in either group, and no subjects were withdrawn because of adverse events. Conclusion: WHOL relieves the symptoms caused by acute soft tissue injury associated with qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome more rapidly than FFSTC, and it is effective and safe in the treatment of acute soft tissue injury. Future studies still need a larger sample size to verify its efficacy and safety. Clinical Trial Registration: https:// www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.html?proj=149531, Identifier ChiCTR2200056411.

15.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438580

RESUMO

Telomere repeat binding factor 2 (TRF2), a critical element of the shelterin complex, plays a vital role in the maintenance of genome integrity. TRF2 overexpression is found in a wide range of malignant cancers, whereas its down-regulation could cause cell death. Despite its potential role, the selectively small-molecule inhibitors of TRF2 and its therapeutic effects on liver cancer remain largely unknown. Our clinical data combined with bioinformatic analysis demonstrated that TRF2 is overexpressed in liver cancer and that high expression is associated with poor prognosis. Flavokavain B derivative FKB04 potently inhibited TRF2 expression in liver cancer cells while having limited effects on the other five shelterin subunits. Moreover, FKB04 treatment induced telomere shortening and increased the amounts of telomere-free ends, leading to the destruction of T-loop structure. Consequently, FKB04 promoted liver cancer cell senescence without modulating apoptosis levels. In corroboration with these findings, FKB04 inhibited tumor cell growth by promoting telomeric TRF2 deficiency-induced telomere shortening in a mouse xenograft tumor model, with no obvious side effects. These results demonstrate that TRF2 is a potential therapeutic target for liver cancer and suggest that FKB04 may be a selective small-molecule inhibitor of TRF2, showing promise in the treatment of liver cancer.

16.
Cytokine ; 176: 156510, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308951

RESUMO

More and more evidence shows that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important role in the biological behavior of many kinds of malignant tumors, but the specific function of lncRNA Linc00657 in cervical cancer is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of Linc00657 on the malignant progression of cervical cancer and its potential mechanism. In two kinds of cervical cancer cell lines and normal cervical epithelial cells, qRT-PCR showed increased expression of Linc00657 in cervical cancer cells. Through MTT, clone formation test, flow cytometry, wound healing test and Transwell test, it has been found that overexpression of Linc00657 could promote the proliferation,migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells,and inhibit apoptosis. Through the StarBase database, it was found that there may be a mutual regulatory relationship between Linc00657 and Skp2, and Skp2 may be the downstream target of Linc00657. QRT-PCR detection confirmed that the expression of Skp2 was increased in cervical cancer cells with overexpression of Linc00657. TIMER2 database found that Skp2 was associated with lipid metabolic enzymes and immune cell infiltration. It was found that Linc00657 knockdown inhibited tumor growth and metastasis and inhibited the expression of Skp2 in vivo. In short, our research shows that Linc00657 has carcinogenic properties in cervical cancer, and LINC00657 promotes the occurrence of cervical cancer by up-regulating the expression of Skp2. We predict that Linc00657/mir30s/Skp2 axis plays a role in the malignant progression of cervical cancer. In addition, Skp2 may participate in cancer immune response and promote lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer through lipid reprogramming. These findings also provide promising targets for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Lipídeos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proliferação de Células/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
17.
Andrology ; 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38421140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microdissection testicular sperm extraction is an effective method to retrieve sperm from non-obstructive azoospermia patients. However, its successful rate is less than 50%. OBJECTIVES: To identify the predictive value of circular RNAs in serum for sperm retrieval rate in non-obstructive azoospermia patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 180 non-obstructive azoospermia patients were recruited in this study, including 84 individuals with successful sperm retrieval and 96 individuals with failed sperm retrieval. Our study contained two phases. First, 20 patients, selected from the 180 patients, were included in screening cohort. In this cohort, the top 20 circular RNAs from our previous testicular circRNA profiles were verified between successful and failed sperm retrieval groups using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Six circular RNAs with the most significantly different expressions were selected for further verification. Second, the 180 patients were included as discovery cohort to verify the six circular RNAs. Circular RNAs were extracted from serum in each participant. Logistic regression analysis was further performed to identify the predictive value and the area under the curve analysis was used to evaluate diagnostic efficiency, sensitivity, and specificity. RESULTS: Six circular RNAs including hsa_circ_0058058, hsa_circ_0008045, hsa_circ_0084789, hsa_circ_0000550, hsa_circ_0007422, and hsa_circ_0004099 showed aberrant expressions between the successful and failed sperm retrieval group. In addition, both single-circular RNA panels and multi-circular RNA panels were finally verified to be significant in predicting sperm retrieval rate. Notably, multi-circular RNAs panels demonstrated better predictive abilities compared with single-circRNA panels, and the combined panel of six-circular RNAs (risk score = 1.094×hsa_circ_0058058+0.697×hsa_circ_0008045+0.718×hsa_circ_0084789-0.591×hsa_circ_0000550-0.435×hsa_circ_0007422-1.017×hsa_circ_0004099-1.561) exhibited the best predictive ability in the present study with an AUC of 0.977, a sensitivity of 91.7% and a specificity of 86.5%. A higher risk score indicated a higher risk of failure in sperm retrieval. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Our study was the first to report that testis-derived circular RNAs in serum have the ability to predict sperm retrieval rate in non-obstructive azoospermia patients, whether it is a single-circular RNA or a combination of multi-circular RNAs.

18.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol ; 100(3)2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378869

RESUMO

Different types of inlet water are expected to affect microbial communities of lake ecosystems due to changing environmental conditions and the dispersal of species. However, knowledge of the effects of changes in environmental conditions and export of microbial assemblages on lake ecosystems is limited, especially for glacier-fed lakes. Here, we collected water samples from the surface water of a glacier-fed lake and its two fed streams on the Tibetan Plateau to investigate the importance of glacial and non-glacial streams as sources of diversity for lake bacterial communities. Results showed that the glacial stream was an important source of microorganisms in the studied lake, contributing 45.53% to the total bacterial community in the lake water, while only 19.14% of bacterial community in the lake water was seeded by the non-glacial stream. Bacterial communities were significantly different between the glacier-fed lake and its two fed streams. pH, conductivity, total dissolved solids, water temperature and total nitrogen had a significant effect on bacterial spatial turnover, and together explained 36.2% of the variation of bacterial distribution among habitats. Moreover, bacterial co-occurrence associations tended to be stronger in the lake water than in stream habitats. Collectively, this study may provide an important reference for assessing the contributions of different inlet water sources to glacier-fed lakes.


Assuntos
Lagos , Microbiota , Humanos , Camada de Gelo , Tibet , Água
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 919: 170801, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340858

RESUMO

Addressing soil salinization and implementing sustainable practices for cultivating cash crops on saline-alkali land is a prominent global challenge. Cynomorium songaricum is an important salt-alkali tolerant medicinal plant capable of adapting to saline-alkali environments. In this study, two typical ecotypes of C. songaricum from the desert-steppe (DS) and saline-alkali land (SAL) habitats were selected. Through the integration of multi-omics with machine learning, the rhizosphere microbial communities, genetic maps, and metabolic profiles of two ecotypes were created and the crucial factors for the adaptation of C. songaricum to saline-alkali stress were identified, including 7 keystone OTUs (i.e. Novosphingobium sp., Sinorhizobium meliloti, and Glycomyces sp.), 5 core genes (cell wall-related genes), and 10 most important metabolites (i.e. cucurbitacin D and 3-Hydroxybutyrate) were identified. Our results indicated that under saline-alkali environments, the microbial competition might become more intense, and the microbial community network had the simple but stable structure, accompanied by the changes in the gene expression related to cell wall for adaptation. However, this regulation led to the reduction in active ingredients, such as the accumulation of flavonoids and organic acid, and enhanced the synthesis of bitter substances (cucurbitacin D), resulting in the decrease in the quality of C. songaricum. Therefore, compared to the SAL ecotype, the DS was more suitable for the subsequent development of medicinal and edible products of C. songaricum. Furthermore, to explore the reasons for this quality variation, we constructed a comprehensive microbial-genetic-metabolic regulatory network, revealing that the metabolism of C. songaricum was primarily influenced by genetic factors. These findings not only offer new insights for future research into plant salt-alkali tolerance strategies but also provide a crucial understanding for cultivating high-quality medicinal plants.


Assuntos
Cynomorium , Microbiota , Triterpenos , Transcriptoma , Cynomorium/química , Cynomorium/fisiologia , Álcalis , Metaboloma
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4209, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378840

RESUMO

Deep clustering has been widely applicated in various fields, including natural image and language processing. However, when it is applied to hyperspectral image (HSI) processing, it encounters challenges due to high dimensionality of HSI and complex spatial-spectral characteristics. This study introduces a kind of deep clustering model specifically tailed for HSI analysis. To address the high dimensionality issue, redundant dimension of HSI is firstly eliminated by combining principal component analysis (PCA) with t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE). The reduced dataset is then input into a three-dimensional attention convolutional autoencoder (3D-ACAE) to extract essential spatial-spectral features. The 3D-ACAE uses spatial-spectral attention mechanism to enhance captured features. Finally, these enhanced features pass through an embedding layer to create a compact data-representation, and the compact data-representation is divided into distinct clusters by clustering layer. Experimental results on three publicly available datasets validate the superiority of the proposed model for HSI analysis.

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