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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 141746, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207482

RESUMO

This study explored the effects of adding phosphogypsum (PPG), medical stone (MS), and both (PPM) during composting on nitrogen transformation, nitrogen functional genes, the bacterial community, and their relationships with NH3 and N2O emissions. Adding MS and PPM reduced NH3 emissions by 25.78-68.37% and N2O emissions by 19.00-42.86%. PPG reduced NH3 emissions by 59.74% but slightly increased N2O emissions by 8.15%. MS was strongly correlated with the amoA-dominated nitrification process. PPG and PPM had strong correlations with nirS- and nirK-dominated, and nosZ-dominated denitrification processes, respectively. PPM promoted nitrification and denitrification processes more than PPG and MS. Different functional bacteria had key roles in nitrification and denitrification during different composting stages. Firmicutes probably contributed to the conversion and release of nitrogen in the thermophilic period, whereas Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Bacteroidetes, and other phyla might have played important roles in the cooling and maturation periods. PPM obtained the greatest reductions in NH3 and N2O release via the regulation of environmental variables, nitrogen functional genes, and the bacterial community. Overall, these results provide insights at a molecular level into the effects of PPG and MS on nitrogen transformation and NH3 and N2O emissions during composting.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 752: 142162, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207525

RESUMO

The present study compared the effects of adding shrimp shell powder (SSP) at four levels comprising 0% (CK), 5% (L), 10% (M), and 15% (H) on the abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and the bacterial community succession during swine manure composting. The relative abundances of 5/11 ARGs were reduced in CK, and 7/11 in H. Moreover, the removal rate was enhanced by adding SSP. Thus, H decreased the total abundance of ARGs by 32.68%, whereas CK increased it by 6.31%. Redundancy analysis indicated that mobile genetic elements (MGEs) (46.6%) and the bacterial community (31.1%) mainly explained the changes in ARGs. H enhanced the removal of MGEs, prolonged the thermophilic phase, stabilized copper and zinc, and retained nitrogen. LEfSe analysis and non-metric multidimensional scaling indicated that the bacterial community changed in the composting process, and it was optimized by H. The abundances of the potential bacterial co-hosts (such as Lactobacillus, Corynebacterium_1, and Ornithinicoccus) of ARGs and MGEs were lower and the decomposition of organic matter was higher in H compared with CK. Thus, composting with 15% SSP can reduce the risk of ARGs and improve the practical value for agronomic application.

3.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 30: 220-233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141670

RESUMO

Different from Visual Question Answering task that requires to answer only one question about an image, Visual Dialogue task involves multiple rounds of dialogues which cover a broad range of visual content that could be related to any objects, relationships or high-level semantics. Thus one of the key challenges in Visual Dialogue task is to learn a more comprehensive and semantic-rich image representation that can adaptively attend to the visual content referred by variant questions. In this paper, we first propose a novel scheme to depict an image from both visual and semantic views. Specifically, the visual view aims to capture the appearance-level information in an image, including objects and their visual relationships, while the semantic view enables the agent to understand high-level visual semantics from the whole image to the local regions. Furthermore, on top of such dual-view image representations, we propose a Dual Encoding Visual Dialogue (DualVD) module, which is able to adaptively select question-relevant information from the visual and semantic views in a hierarchical mode. To demonstrate the effectiveness of DualVD, we propose two novel visual dialogue models by applying it to the Late Fusion framework and Memory Network framework. The proposed models achieve state-of-the-art results on three benchmark datasets. A critical advantage of the DualVD module lies in its interpretability. We can analyze which modality (visual or semantic) has more contribution in answering the current question by explicitly visualizing the gate values. It gives us insights in understanding of information selection mode in the Visual Dialogue task. The code is available at https://github.com/JXZe/Learning_DualVD.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190366

RESUMO

Reversing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) can reduce the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events. However, there is no clear superiority-inferiority differentiation between angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB), beta-blockers (BB), calcium channel blockers (CCB), and diuretics in reversing LVH in hypertensive patients. To provide further evidence for choosing the optimal antihypertensive drug for improving LVH, we performed a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on the Cochrane library database, Embase, and Pubmed, and identified 49 studies involving 5402 patients that were eligible for inclusion. It was found that ARB could improve LVH in hypertensive patients more effectively than CCB (MD -4.07, 95%CI -8.03 to -0.24) and BB (MD -4.57, 95%CI -8.07 to -1.12). Matched comparison of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi) showed that the effect of ACEI in reducing left ventricular mass index (LVMi) was not effective as that of ARB (MD -3.72, 95%CI -7.52 to -0.11). The surface under the cumulative ranking for each intervention indicated that the use of ARB was more effective among the different types of antihypertensive drugs (97%). This network meta-analysis revealed that the use of ARB in antihypertensive therapy could achieve better efficacy in reversing LVH in hypertensive patients.

5.
Environ Pollut ; : 116013, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190979

RESUMO

In this study, functional microbial sequencing, quantitative PCR, and phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states (PICRUSt) were employed to understand the microbial mechanisms related to the effects of bamboo charcoal (BC) and bamboo vinegar (BV) on the degradation of organic matter (OM) and methane (CH4) emissions during composting. BC + BV resulted in the highest degradation of OM. BV was most effective treatment in controlling CH4 emissions and it significantly reduced the abundance of the mcrA gene. Methanobrevibacter, Methanosarcina, and Methanocorpusculum were closely related to CH4 emissions during the thermophilic composting period. PICRUSt analysis showed that BC and/or BV enhanced the metabolism associated with OM degradation and reduced CH4 metabolism. Structural equation modeling indicated that BC + BV strongly promoted the metabolic activity of microorganisms, which had a positive effect on CH4 emissions. Together these results suggest that BC + BV may be a suitable composting strategy if the aerobic conditions can be effectively improved during the thermophilic composting period.

6.
Phytomedicine ; : 153401, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia broke out in 2019 (COVID-19) and spread rapidly, which causes serious harm to the health of people and a huge economic burden around the world. PURPOSE: In this study, the network pharmacology, molecular docking and surface plasmon resonance technology (SPR) were used to explore the potential compounds and interaction mechanism in the Toujie Quwen Granules (TQG) for the treatment of coronavirus pneumonia 2019. STUDY DESIGN: The chemical constituents and compound targets of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Pseudostellariae Radix, Artemisia Annua L, Peucedani Radix, Forsythiae Fructus, Scutellariae Radix, Hedysarum Multijugum Maxim, Isatidis Folium, Radix Bupleuri, Fritiliariae Irrhosae Bulbus, Cicadae Periostracum, Poria Cocos Wolf, Pseudobulbus Cremastrae Seu Pleiones, Mume Fructus, Figwort Root and Fritillariae Thunbrgii Bulbus in TQG were searched. The target name was translated to gene name using the UniProt database and then the Chinese medicine-compound-target network was constructed. Protein-protein interaction network (PPI), Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis of the core targets were performed in the Metascape to predict its mechanism. The top 34 compounds in the Chinese medicine-compound-target network were docked with SARS-CoV-2 3CL enzyme and SARS--CoV--2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and then the 13 compounds with lowest affinity score were docked with angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein and interleukin 6 to explore its interaction mechanism. Lastly, SPR experiments were done using the quercetin, astragaloside IV, rutin and isoquercitrin, which were screened from the Chinese medicine-compound-target network and molecular docking. RESULTS: The Chinese medicine-compound-target network includes 16 medicinal materials, 111 compounds and 298 targets, in which the degree of PTGS2, TNF and IL-6 is higher compared with other targets and which are the disease target exactly. The result of GO function enrichment analysis included the response to the molecule of bacterial origin, positive regulation of cell death, apoptotic signaling pathway, cytokine-mediated signaling pathway, cytokine receptor binding and so on. KEGG pathway analysis enrichment revealed two pathways: signaling pathway- IL-17 and signaling pathway- TNF. The result of molecular docking showed that the affinity score of compounds including quercetin, isoquercitrin, astragaloside IV and rutin is higher than other compounds. In addition, the SPR experiments revealed that the quercetin and isoquercitrin were combined with SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein rather than Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, while astragaloside IV and rutin were combined with ACE2 rather than SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein. CONCLUSION: TQG may have therapeutic effects on COVID-19 by regulating viral infection, immune and inflammation related targets and pathways, in the way of multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway.

7.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191314

RESUMO

AIM: The triglyceride-glucose index (TyG index) is proposed as a surrogate parameter for insulin resistance (IR) and, when elevated, is related to increased cardiovascular risks. Whether the TyG index is of great value in predicting adverse prognosis for individuals diagnosed with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), who received elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and without recognized diabetes remains unclear. METHODS: Overall, 1,510 subjects diagnosed with NSTE-ACS, who received elective PCI, and without recognized diabetes were enrolled in the current study. All participants received a routine follow-up after discharge. The TyG index was obtained from the following equation: napierian logarithmic (ln) [fasting triglyceride (TG, mg/dL)×fasting blood glucose (FBG, mg/dL)/2]. Adverse cardiovascular events included all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), nonfatal ischemic stroke, and ischemia-driven revascularization, composite of which was defined as the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Overall, 316 (20.9%) endpoint events were documented during a 48-month follow-up. Despite adjusting for confounding variates, the TyG index remains to be a significant risk predictor for the primary endpoint, with a hazard ratio (HR) [95% confidence interval (CI)] of 2.433 (1.853-3.196) (P<0.001). A significant enhancement on the predictive performance for the primary endpoint emerged when adding the TyG index into a baseline model [area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC), 0.835 for baseline model vs. 0.853 for baseline model+TyG index, P<0.001; net reclassification improvement (NRI), 0.194, P<0.001; integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), 0.023, P=0.007]. CONCLUSIONS: The TyG index is an independent risk predictor for adverse cardiovascular events in nondiabetic subjects diagnosed with NSTE-ACS and who received elective PCI. Further prospective studies are needed to verify these findings.

8.
Life Sci ; : 118450, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131749

RESUMO

AIMS: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), a widely used antimalarial drug, is proposed to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, no report is currently available regarding the direct effects of HCQ on gut microbiota, which is associated with the outcomes of elderly patients with COVID-19. Here, we first investigated the effects of HCQ on intestinal microecology in mice. MAIN METHODS: Fifteen female C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into two groups: HCQ group (n = 10) and control group (n = 5). Mice in the HCQ group were administered with HCQ at dose of 100 mg/kg by gavage daily for 14 days. The feces of mice were collected before and on the 7th and 14th days after HCQ challenge, and then analyzed by 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. At the end of the experiment, the hematology, serum biochemistry and cytokines were determined, respectively. The mRNA expression of tight junction proteins in colonic tissues were also studied by RT-PCR. KEY FINDINGS: HCQ challenge had no effects on the counts of white blood cells, the levels of serum cytokines, and the gene expression of tight junction proteins in colon. HCQ also did not increase the content of serum d-lactate in mice. Notably, HCQ significantly decreased the diversity of gut microbiota, increased the relative abundance of phylum Bacteroidetes whereas decreased that of Firmicutes. SIGNIFICANCE: Short-term high dose HCQ challenge changes gut microbiota but not the intestinal integrity and immunological responses in mice. Special attention should be paid to the effects of HCQ on intestinal microecology in future clinical use.

9.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(11): 871-884, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150771

RESUMO

Nanofibers can mimic natural tissue structure by creating a more suitable environment for cells to grow, prompting a wide application of nanofiber materials. In this review, we include relevant studies and characterize the effect of nanofibers on mesenchymal stem cells, as well as factors that affect cell adhesion and osteogenic differentiation. We hypothesize that the process of bone regeneration in vitro is similar to bone formation and healing in vivo, and the closer nanofibers or nanofibrous scaffolds are to natural bone tissue, the better the bone regeneration process will be. In general, cells cultured on nanofibers have a similar gene expression pattern and osteogenic behavior as cells induced by osteogenic supplements in vitro. Genes involved in cell adhesion (focal adhesion kinase (FAK)), cytoskeletal organization, and osteogenic pathways (transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß)/bone morphogenic protein (BMP), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and Wnt) are upregulated successively. Cell adhesion and osteogenesis may be influenced by several factors. Nanofibers possess certain physical properties including favorable hydrophilicity, porosity, and swelling properties that promote cell adhesion and growth. Moreover, nanofiber stiffness plays a vital role in cell fate, as cell recruitment for osteogenesis tends to be better on stiffer scaffolds, with associated signaling pathways of integrin and Yes-associated protein (YAP)/transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ). Also, hierarchically aligned nanofibers, as well as their combination with functional additives (growth factors, HA particles, etc.), contribute to osteogenesis and bone regeneration. In summary, previous studies have indicated that upon sensing the stiffness of the nanofibrous environment as well as its other characteristics, stem cells change their shape and tension accordingly, regulating downstream pathways followed by adhesion to nanofibers to contribute to osteogenesis. However, additional experiments are needed to identify major signaling pathways in the bone regeneration process, and also to fully investigate its supportive role in fabricating or designing the optimum tissue-mimicking nanofibrous scaffolds.

10.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206112

RESUMO

With the inspiration to develop new cancer nanotherapeutics by repurposing old drugs, in the current study, a novel two dimensional nanomedicine namely Mn doped, dihydroartemisinin (DHA) loaded layered double hydroxide (MnMgFe-LDH/DHA) with peroxide self-supplying properties for enhanced photothermal-chemodynamic therapy was proposed. Such nanostructures could be synthesized by a simple coprecipitation method, and the as-prepared MnMgFe-LDH/DHA exhibits excellent photothermal properties with a photothermal conversion efficiency up to 10.7%. Besides, the in situ reaction between the released DHA and Fe2+/Mn2+ produced by the degradation of LDH can lead to a burst of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Fenton-like reactions. Furthermore, the in vivo experiments demonstrate that MnMgFe-LDH/DHA exhibits a remarkable chemodynamic/photothermal therapy (CDT/PTT) synergistic effect on tumor treatment with negligible damage to normal tissues. Finally, this research provides a smart strategy to construct a DHA repurposing nanomedicine for tumor specific treatment.

11.
Cell Chem Biol ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186540

RESUMO

H2S-producing enzymes in bacteria have been shown to be closely engaged in the process of microbial survival and antibiotic resistance. However, no inhibitors have been discovered for these enzymes, e.g., 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST). In the present study, we identified several classes of inhibitors for Escherichia coli MST (eMST) through high-throughput screening of ∼26,000 compounds. The thiazolidinedione-type inhibitors were found to selectively bind to Arg178 and Ser239 residues of eMST but hardly affected human MST. Moreover, the pioglitazone of this class concentration dependently accumulates the 3-mercaptopyruvate substrate and suppresses the H2S and reactive sulfane sulfur products in bacteria. Importantly, pioglitazone could potentiate the level of reactive oxygen species in cellulo and consequently enhance the antimicrobial effects of gentamicin and macrophages in culture. This study has identified the bioactive inhibitor of eMST, paving the way for the pharmacological targeting of eMST to synergistically control the survival of E. coli.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185205

RESUMO

A small-sized c-MYC promoter G-quadruplex selective fluorescent BZT-Indolium binding ligand was demonstrated for the first time as a highly target-specific and photostable probe for in vitro staining and live cell imaging and it was found to be able to inhibit the amplification of the c-MYC G-rich sequence (G-quadruplex) and down-regulate oncogene c-MYC expression in human cancer cells (HeLa).

13.
J Environ Manage ; : 111560, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172706

RESUMO

This study assessed the effects of superphosphate (SPP) and phosphogypsum (PPG) on the bacterial and fungal community succession and molecular ecological networks during composting. Adding SPP and PPG had positive effects on the bacterial richness and diversity, negative effects on the fungal richness and diversity. The microbial diversity and richness were higher in PPG than SPP. Non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis clearly separated SPP and PPG from the control treatment with no additives. The dominant genera comprised Turicibacter, Bacillus, norank_o_SBR1031, Thermobifida, norank_f_Limnochordaceae, Truepera, Thermopolyspora, Mycothermus, Dipodascus, Thermomyces, and unclassified_p_Ascomycota. In all treatments, the major bacterial species differed clearly in the later thermophilic, cooling, and maturation composting stages, whereas the main fungal species varied significantly in the thermophilic stage. The changes in the dominant microorganisms in SPP and PPG may have inhibited or promoted the degradation of organic matter during various composting stages. Adding SPP and PPG led to more complex bacterial networks and less complex fungal networks, where SPP had more adverse effects on the fungal networks than PPG. SPP and PPG could potentially alter the co-occurrence patterns of the bacterial and fungal communities by changing the most influential species. SPP and PPG changed the composition and succession of the microbial community by influencing different physiochemical properties during various composting stages where the pH was the main explanatory factor. Overall, this study provides new insights into the effects of SPP and PPG on the microbial community and its interactions during composting.

14.
Diabetologia ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169206

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to examine the association between type 2 diabetes and major subtypes of heart disease, to assess the role of genetic and early-life familial environmental factors in this association and to explore whether and to what extent a healthy lifestyle mitigates the risk of heart disease related to type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this prospective nested case-control study based on the Swedish Twin Registry, 41,463 twin individuals who were aged ≥40 and heart disease-free were followed up for 16 years (from 1998 to 2014) to detect incident heart disease. Type 2 diabetes was ascertained from self-report, the National Patient Registry and glucose-lowering medication use. Heart disease diagnosis (including coronary heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure) and onset age were identified from the National Patient Registry. Healthy lifestyle-related factors consisted of being a non-smoker, no/mild alcohol consumption, regular physical activity and being non-overweight. Participants were divided into three groups according to the number of lifestyle-related factors: (1) unfavourable (participants who had no or only one healthy lifestyle factor); (2) intermediate (any two or three); and (3) favourable (four). Generalised estimating equation models for unmatched case-control design and conditional logistic regression for co-twin control design were used in data analyses. RESULTS: Of all participants, 2304 (5.5%) had type 2 diabetes at baseline. During the observation period, 9262 (22.3%) had any incident heart disease. In unmatched case-control analyses and co-twin control analyses, the multi-adjusted OR and 95% CI of heart disease related to type 2 diabetes was 4.36 (3.95, 4.81) and 4.89 (3.88, 6.16), respectively. The difference in ORs from unmatched case-control analyses vs co-twin control analyses was statistically significant (OR 1.57; 95% CI 1.42, 1.73; p < 0.001). In stratified analyses by type 2 diabetes, compared with an unfavourable lifestyle, an intermediate lifestyle or a favourable lifestyle was associated with a significant 32% (OR 0.68; 95% CI 0.49, 0.93) or 56% (OR 0.44; 95% CI 0.30, 0.63) decrease in heart disease risk among patients with type 2 diabetes, respectively. There were significant additive and multiplicative interactions between lifestyle and type 2 diabetes on heart disease. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Type 2 diabetes is associated with more than fourfold increased risk of heart disease. The association still remains statistically significant, even after fully controlling for genetic and early-life familial environmental factors. However, greater adherence to a healthy lifestyle may significantly mitigate the risk of heart disease related to type 2 diabetes. Graphical abstract.

15.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5022, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169403

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method to quantify lacosamide (LCM), oxcarbazepine (OXC) and lamotrigine (LTG) in children with epilepsy in China. METHODS: Phenytoin sodium was used as the internal standard (IS). The mobile phase contained ammonium dihydrogen phosphate solution (10 mmol/L, pH = 4.0) and methanol (55:45, v/v). The flow rate, injection volume, column temperature, and detection wavelength were 0.2 mL/min, 2 µL, 30 °C and 240 nm, respectively. RESULTS: The method was linear within 0.5 - 40, 2.5 - 80 and 2.5 - 40 µg·mL-1 for LCM, MHD and LTG, respectively (r2 ≥ 0.998). The intra - and inter - day precision as measured by the RSD values were between 1.36 - 4.50%, 0.54 - 1.91% and 0.58 - 1.56%. Recovery ranged from 96.58 to 106.22%. All serum samples could be maintained for up to 3 h at ambient temperature, 24 h at 4°C, 30 days at -30°C, and after successive freeze-thaw cycles (24 h per cycle) in the absence of significant degradation. CONCLUSIONS: We have developed and validated a novel UPLC method that can quantify LCM, MHD and LTG in human serum in Xinjiang, China.

16.
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 668, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184407

RESUMO

BCL-2, a key protein in inhibiting apoptosis, has a 65-residue-long highly flexible loop domain (FLD) located on the opposite side of its ligand-binding groove. In vivo phosphorylation of the FLD enhances the affinity of BCL-2 for pro-apoptotic ligands, and consequently anti-apoptotic activity. However, it remains unknown as to how the faraway, unstructured FLD modulates the affinity. Here we investigate the protein-ligand interactions by fluorescence techniques and monitor protein dynamics by DEER and NMR spectroscopy tools. We show that phosphomimetic mutations on the FLD lead to a reduction in structural flexibility, hence promoting ligand access to the groove. The bound pro-apoptotic ligands can be displaced by the BCL-2-selective inhibitor ABT-199 efficiently, and thus released to trigger apoptosis. We show that changes in structural flexibility on an unstructured loop can activate an allosteric protein that is otherwise structurally inactive.

17.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 99(2): 115243, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130506

RESUMO

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is commonly diagnosed via the GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay. The cycle threshold (Ct) value of probe A from this assay produced a fluorescence signal upon Mycobacterium intracellulare detection. No other nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) exhibited positive probe signals. Using a confirmed mycobacterial culture as a standard, probe A of the assay exhibited 84% sensitivity (95% confidence interval [CI]: 71%-97%) and 50% specificity (95% CI: 37%-63%) for clinical samples. For M. intracellulare strains, probe A exhibited 90% sensitivity (95% CI: 80%-100%) and 50% specificity (95% CI: 37%-63%). The identity of the amino acid sequence and 81-bp core region of rpoB from MTB and NTM suggested that the highly conserved property might be associated with a mismatch between the probes and the chromosomal DNA target. Probe A yielded a positive signal upon M. intracellulare detection; thus, probe A may help diagnose M. intracellular infections.

18.
Micron ; 140: 102951, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142190

RESUMO

Diatoms are one of the biofouling species attached to the substrate that can cause substrate corrosion, fuel consumption and destruction of the ecological balance. Therefore, the study of single-cellfouling organisms, particularly, the quantitative analysis of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) is essential for antifouling. Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) was used to quantify three types of diatoms: Nitzschia closterium (N. closterium), Phaeodactylum tricornutum (P. tricornutum) and Halamphora sp. The situation of N. closterium was analyzed multiple times and the results showed that the adhesion value range of N. closterium with nacked chromatophores was three times larger than the mature one. The discovery of the EPS secretion from chromatophore is discussed in this paper, and the proposed mechanism has special implications to study the adhesive protein. Adhesion capabilities of different diatom genera and species were revealed as well. The average adhesion values of N. closterium, P. tricornutum and Halamphora sp. were about 1.7 nN, 3.3 nN and 2.5 nN, respectively, which suggest P. tricornutum could be a better candidate for testing diatom resistance on epoxy materials in the lab. Experimental data and discussions in this paper provide insights for further study of diatoms in the field of antifouling.

19.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1537, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retinitis pigmentosa is a heterogeneous group of inherited retinal diseases leading to progressive vision loss. It has been estimated that the etiology is still unclear in 22%-40% of cases, indicating that many novel pathogenic variations related to RP remain unidentified in many patients. In this study, our aim was to investigate the disease-causing variants and function of the variants in two Chinese families with non-syndromic autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP). METHODS: Clinical data and peripheral blood DNA samples were collected. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was conducted to screen for variations. Then, the expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused wild-type PRPF31 protein and its variants was evaluated via western blotting and GFP fluorescence detection in vitro. RESULTS: Two novel heterozygous variants of PRPF31 (NM_015629.4): c.855+5G>A and c.849_855del (p.Pro284Ilefs*35) were identified respectively in two families. The variant c.855+5G>A is co-segregated with the disease in adRP-01 family. The pedigree analysis result for c.849_855del (p. Pro284Ilefs*35) shows an inheritance pattern with incomplete penetrance for adRP-02 family. The RT-PCR analysis shows the PRPF31 gene c.855+5G>A leading to the missing from the 997th to the 1405th positions of the PRPF31 gene (NM_015629.4) cDNA. The expressions of the mutant GFP-fused PRPF31 protein were not detected in HEK293 cells or Cos7 cells via western blotting and immunofluorescence. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings identified two novel variants in PRPF31 in two Chinese families with adRP, expanding the mutational spectrum of this gene. Functional analysis reveals that these variants lead to the truncation of the PRPF31 protein.

20.
Clin Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026120

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: The association between underlying comorbidities and cardiac injury and the prognosis in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients was assessed in this study. HYPOTHESIS: The underlying comorbidities and cardiac injury may be associated with the prognosis in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of science, and The Cochrane library from December 2019 to July 2020. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to estimate the probability of comorbidities and cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients with or without severe type, or in survivors vs nonsurvivors of COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: A total of 124 studies were included in this analysis. A higher risk for severity was observed in COVID-19 patients with comorbidities. The pooled result in patients with hypertension (OR 2.57, 95% CI: 2.12-3.11), diabetes (OR 2.54, 95% CI: 1.89-3.41), cardiovascular diseases (OR 3.86, 95% CI: 2.70-5.52), chronic obstractive pulmonary disease (OR 2.71, 95% CI: 1.98-3.70), chronic kidney disease (OR 2.20, 95% CI: 1.27-3.80), and cancer (OR 2.42, 95% CI: 1.81-3.22) respectively. All the comorbidities presented a higher risk of mortality. Moreover, the prevalence of acute cardiac injury is higher in severe group than in nonsevere group, and acute cardiac injury is associated with an increased risk for in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: Comorbidities and acute cardiac injury are closely associated with poor prognosis in COVID-19 patients. It is necessary to continuously monitor related clinical indicators of organs injury and concern comorbidities in COVID-19 patients.

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