Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.964
Filtrar
1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131593, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293573

RESUMO

Skin contact was a significant source of human exposure to parabens during the use of personal care products. In this study, a novel and simple in vitro evaluation method for human skin exposure to parabens was established for the first time. Firstly, magnetic porous carbon (MPC) derived from discarded cigarette butts was prepared as an adsorbent of magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE), which provided a fast and efficient sample preparation method with satisfactory extraction performance for parabens in cosmetics and was easy to couple with high performance liquid chromatography. Secondly, the extraction conditions were optimized including the etching ratio of KOH, amount of MPC, extraction time, pH, salt concentration, desorption solvent volume and desorption time. Under the optimized conditions, the limits of detection were between 0.25 and 0.34 ng mL-1 and the spiked recoveries were in the range of 85.8-112.6%. Thirdly, the developed method was successfully employed to determine five typical parabens in real unspiked cosmetic samples, and two parabens were detected at a relatively high level. Then, the developed method was applied to in vitro assays. The absorbable dose of parabens in cream was investigated and in vitro experiments were further designed with agarose-simulated skin to demonstrate the penetration ability of parabens. In conclusion, these results indicated that parabens did have the risk of entering the body through the skin and the exposure was preferably no more than 3 h with skin contact.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Parabenos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Parabenos/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida
2.
Micron ; 152: 103178, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801958

RESUMO

Anti-diatom testing is a basic method to evaluate the anti-fouling performance of coatings. Many existing results of anti-diatom performances are evaluated based on their attachment number or coverage area, ignoring the influence of the crawling and adhesion behavior of diatoms on the analysis results. Here, a Folium Sennae-like film with multiple structural units was prepared by considering the influence of diatom attachment behaviors on the analysis results. The anti-diatom performances of different parts (divided and called four parts: edge, surface, cross striation, and vertical pattern) on the Folium Sennae-like film were evaluated using the counting and area methods. Obviously, the anti-diatom performance of the Folium Sennae-like film was superior to that of epoxy resin without structure. Under equal areas, the average numbers of diatoms on the cross striation and the vertical pattern were similar to the surface. It was found that the attachment behavior of Halamphora sp. is affected by microstructure units, rather than the combined structure of which the scale is much larger than that of diatoms. Meanwhile, the average attachment area for the unit number of diatoms was calculated. The diatom attachment area without microstructure, surface, cross striation, or vertical pattern was 81.751, 106.950, 73.904, and 84.376 µm2, respectively. Moreover, the static and dynamic motion behaviors of Halamphora sp. were studied, and the theory for Halamphora sp. attachment was modeled in three dimensions. The variable morphology of Halamphora sp. lead to inaccurate results for diatom analyses based on the counting and area methods, which is summarized here. This study discusses the evaluation method of coatings by anti-diatom performance, further promoting the research of diatoms in the field of antifouling.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 760-768, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534767

RESUMO

Poor visible light utilization and charge separation efficiency of TiO2 restrict its extensive application in the photocatalytic field. Herein, a specific Z-scheme TiO2-x/Cu/ZnO heterojunction was successfully constructed by atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique and spray pyrolysis technology. Benefited from the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect of Cu and Z-scheme heterojunction, the visible light absorption capacity was greatly enhanced. Meanwhile, ZnO nanolayer coating, prepared by ALD technique, protects Cu element to hinder its oxidation, thus enhancing the separation efficiency of photogenerated carriers. Therefore, the photocatalytic hydrogen production performance was significant improved, exhibiting a maximum value of 342.0 µmol·g-1·h-1 for the optimal B-T-0.1C-10Z (black TiO2/0.1Cu/10 nm ZnO) sample without any noble-metal cocatalyst, which is higher than pure TiO2 (310.7 µmol·g-1·h-1, with 3 wt% Pt) synthesized by spray pyrolysis method under equal conditions. In addition, a possible mechanism for the enhanced performance was briefly discussed based on the experimental results.

4.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753396

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed malignant tumor worldwide. LINC00857 has been reported as a dysregulated long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in the genesis and development of different cancers. In CRC, accumulating evidence indicates that high mobility group box 3 (HMGB3) is over-expressed and contributes to CRC development. However, the mechanism underlying HMGB3 upregulation in CRC remains unclear. The present work aims to investigate the role of LINC00857 and its functional interaction with HMGB3 in regulating CRC progression. Differential expression of LINC00857 between CRC tissues and normal tissues was identified in TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database. In vitro functional assays were performed to explore the biological functions of LINC00857 in CRC cells. In vivo xenograft model was employed to investigate the role of LINC00857 in CRC tumorigenesis. We found that LINC00857 was significant upregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines. LINC01207 knockdown significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of CRC cells, and also induced apoptosis. Moreover, LINC00857 knockdown suppressed CRC tumorigenesis in vivo. We further demonstrated that the effects of LINC00857 in CRC cells were mediated through miR-150-5p/HMGB3 axis. LINC00857 negatively regulates the activity of miR-150-5p, which releases its inhibition on HMGB3 expression. Our data indicate that LINC00857/miR-150-5p/HMGB3 axis plays a fundamental role in regulating the malignant phenotype and tumorigenesis of CRC. Targeting this axis may serve as novel therapeutic strategies for CRC treatment.

5.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755289

RESUMO

Cancer is one of the most devastating diseases worldwide and definitive therapeutics for treating cancer are not yet available despite extensive research efforts. The key challenges include limiting factors connected with traditional chemotherapeutics, primarily drug resistance, low response rates, and adverse side-effects. Therefore, there is a high demand for novel anti-cancer drugs that are both potent and safe for cancer prevention and treatment. Gallic acid (GA), a natural botanic phenolic compound, can mediate various therapeutic properties that are involved in anti-inflammation, anti-obesity, and anti-cancer activities. More recently, GA has been shown to exert anti-cancer activities via several biological pathways that include migration, metastasis, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, angiogenesis, and oncogene expression. This review discusses two aspects, one is the anti-cancer potential of GA against different types of cancer and the underlying molecular mechanisms, the other is the bibliometric analysis of GA in cancer and tumor research. The results indicated that lung cancer, prostate cancer, stomach cancer, and colon adenocarcinoma may become a hot topic in further research. Overall, this review provides evidence that GA represents a promising novel, potent, and safe anti-cancer drug candidate for treating cancer.

6.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753864

RESUMO

The metastatic or recurrent potential of localized human papillomavirus-associated endocervical adenocarcinoma (HPVA EAC) is difficult to predict, especially based upon biopsy alone. Recent analyses of small cohorts indicate that high tumor nuclear grade (TNG) and the presence of necrotic tumor debris (NTD) from HPVA EACs in cervical biopsy specimens are highly predictive of nodal metastasis (NM). In the present study, we aimed to investigate how reliably tumoral morphologic features from cervical biopsy specimens predict NM or tumor recurrence (TR) and patient outcomes in a large cohort of endocervical adenocarcinoma patients. A cohort comprised of 397 patients with HPVA EAC treated at 18 institutions was identified, and cervical biopsies were paired with their associated complete tumor resections for a total of 794 specimens. A variety of tumoral histologic features were examined for each paired specimen, including TNG (assessed on a 3-tiered scale of increasing abnormalities-TNG1, TNG2, TNG3) and NTD (defined by the presence of necrotic and apoptotic tumor cells within tumor glandular lumens admixed with granular and eosinophilic amorphous material and inflammatory cells), which were correlated with outcomes. The distribution of TNG in biopsies was as follows: 86 (21.7%) TNG1, 223 (56.2%) TNG2, and 88 (22.2%) TNG3. NTD was identified in 176 (44%) of the biopsy specimens. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of a TNG1 assignment in the biopsy being predictive of the same assignment in the full resection were 0.82 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.7-0.9), 0.895 (0.86-0.93), 0.593 (0.48-0.696), and 0.96 (0.94-0.98), respectively. Respective values for an NTD-negative status were 0.89 (95% CI: 0.83-0.92), 0.715 (0.64-0.77), 0.72 (0.65-0.77), and 0.89 (0.83-0.93), respectively. Compared with the other cases in each category, both TNG1 and an NTD-negative status were each significantly associated with lower rates of NM (odds ratio for TNG1=0.245, 95% CI: 0.070-0.857, P=0.0277; for NTD=0.199, 95% CI: 0.094-0.421, P<0.0001) and TR (odds ratio for TNG1=0.225, 95% CI: 0.051-0.987, P=0.0479; for NTD=0.367, 95% CI: 0.171-0.786, P=0.0099) independent of depth of stromal invasion, lymphovascular invasion, tumor size, FIGO stage, and Silva pattern. Overall, 73/379 (19%) cases were both TNG1 and NTD-negative on the biopsy, and none of these 73 cases showed NM (0%), but a single case (1.4%) showed TR. In contrast, among the 324 biopsies with TNG2/3 and/or presence of NTD, 62 (19.1%) had NM, and 41 (12.9%) had TR. In summary, 2 variables in combination (ie, TNG1 and NTD-negative) identified a subset of HPVA EAC patients-∼19%-with a 0% frequency of nodal metastases and only 1.4% frequency of recurrence. Biopsies highly but imperfectly predicted these features. Nonetheless, these findings may potentially be of clinical utility in the risk stratification of patients with HPVA EACs. This may allow some patients with a minimal risk of nodal metastases and TR to be identified at the biopsy phase, thereby facilitating more personalized, possibly less aggressive treatment.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6666506, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761005

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactor disease, which is primarily characterized by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell loss. Since the retina is the most metabolically active tissue, RPE cells are exposed to consistent oxidative environment. So, oxidation-induced RPE cell death has long been considered a contributor to the onset of AMD. Here, we applied a retinal degeneration (RD) rat model induced by blue light-emitting diode (LED) and a cell model constructed by H2O2 stimulus to mimic the prooxidant environment of the retina. We detected that the expression of miR-27a was upregulated and the expression of FOXO1 was downregulated in both models. So, we furtherly investigated the role of miR-27a-FOXO1 axis in RPE in protesting against oxidants. Lentivirus-mediated RNA was injected intravitreally into rats to modulate the miR-27a-FOXO1 axis. Retinal function and histopathological changes were evaluated by electroretinography (ERG) analysis and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, respectively. Massive photoreceptor and RPE cell death were examined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). The damage to the retina was aggravated in the FOXO1 gene-knockdown and miR-27a-overexpression groups after exposure to LED but was alleviated in the FOXO1 gene-overexpression or miR-27a-knockdown groups. Dual luciferase assay was used to detect the binding site of miR-27a and FOXO1. Upregulated miR-27a inhibited the expression of FOXO1 by directly binding to the FOXO1 mRNA 3'UTR and decreased the autophagy activity of ARPE-19 cells, resulting in the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decrease of cell viability. The results suggest that miR-27a is a negative regulator of FOXO1. Also, our data emphasize the prominent role of miR-27a/FOXO1 axis in modulating ROS accumulation and cell death in RPE cell model under oxidative stress and influencing the retinal function in the LED-induced RD rat model.

8.
Ophthalmic Genet ; : 1-9, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To establish the molecular diagnosis in two brothers presenting with the ocular features of Knobloch Syndrome using whole genome sequencing (WGS). METHODS: Clinical examination and ophthalmological phenotyping were completed under general anaesthesia. DNA samples were tested on a targeted retinal dystrophy next-generation sequencing panel. Subsequently, WGS was performed to identify additional variants. RESULTS: Clinical examination confirmed the diagnosis of Knobloch Syndrome. Targeted sequencing identified a novel heterozygous frameshift pathogenic variant in COL18A1, c.2864dupC; p.(Gly956ArgfsX20), inherited from their mother. A second paternally inherited heterozygous missense variant was identified in both brothers, c.5014 G > A; p.(Asp1672Asn), which was initially considered to have too high frequency to be pathogenic (MAF 8.8%). This led to an in-depth analysis of the COL18A1 locus using WGS data, which confirmed that Asp1672Asn is a likely pathogenic hypomorphic allele. CONCLUSION: To date, all confirmed genetic diagnoses of Knobloch syndrome are attributable to variants in COL18A1. The family described here has a heterozygous novel loss of function variant. Detailed analysis of WGS data combined with family segregation studies concluded that although Asp1672Asn has a high population frequency, it is the most likely second pathogenic variant in our family. This supports the hypothesis that this is a hypomorphic allele, which, in combination with a loss of function pathogenic variant, leads to Knobloch syndrome.To our knowledge, this is the first time that WGS has been used to confirm a molecular diagnosis of Knobloch syndrome in this way and has provided further insight into the molecular mechanisms in this rare disorder.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 764825, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733292

RESUMO

Eosinophils are a minor component of circulating granulocytes, which are classically viewed as end-stage effector cells in host defense against helminth infection and promoting allergic responses. However, a growing body of evidence has emerged showing that eosinophils are versatile leukocytes acting as an orchestrator in the resolution of inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common chronic inflammatory disease characterized by persistent synovitis that hardly resolves spontaneously. Noteworthy, a specific population of eosinophils, that is, regulatory eosinophils (rEos), was identified in the synovium of RA patients, especially in disease remission. Mechanistically, the rEos in the synovium display a unique pro-resolving signature that is distinct from their counterpart in the lung. Herein, we summarize the latest understanding of eosinophils and their emerging role in promoting the resolution of arthritis. This knowledge is crucial to the design of new approaches to rebalancing immune homeostasis in RA, considering that current therapies are centered on inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators rather than fostering the resolution of inflammation.

10.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 13(1): 136, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery calcium score and glycated hemoglobin(HbA1c) are both considered risk factors for coronary heart disease. However, the relationship between coronary artery calcium score and HbA1c is still unclear. Consequently, the present study was undertaken to explore HbA1c association with coronary artery calcium score progression in South Korea. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis based on a retrospective cohort study in which 8151 participants received Health examination kits at the Health Promotion Center, Samsung Medical Center in Seoul, South Korea, from March 1, 2003-December 31, 2013. Cox proportional-hazards regression model was then used to evaluate the independent relationship between HbA1c and coronary artery calcium score progression. RESULTS: After adjusting potential confounding factors (age, sex, BMI, height, weight, SBP, DBP, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, triglycerides, smoking status, alcohol consumption, reflux esophagitis status, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease), it was revealed that there was a nonlinear relationship between HbA1c and coronary artery calcium score progression, while the scoring point was 5.8%. The effect size was 2.06 to the left of the inflection point, while the 95% CI was 1.85 to 2.29. Whereas, the effect size was 1.04, on the right side of the inflection point while 95% CI was 0.99 to1.10. CONCLUSION: The relationship between HbA1c and coronary artery calcium score progression is nonlinear. HbA1c is positively related to coronary artery calcium score progression when HbA1c level was less than 5.8%.

11.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 9276-9284, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ß-ketothiolase deficiency (ß-KTD) is an inherited disease, and insufficient attention has been paid to imageology due to its lower morbidity. Therefore, few lesions outside the basal ganglia have been found before, and the persistent pathological changes have rarely been reported. CASE SUMMARY: A 10-mo-old Chinese female patient with a free previous medical history but with poor physical and athletic development had received the haemophilus influenzae vaccine and then developed a low fever 2 d prior. She was initially diagnosed with severe brain injury, central respiratory failure, metabolic acidosis complicated with respiratory alkalosis, hyper-IgE, etc. With further examination, a definite diagnosis of ß-KTD was made. Symptomatic treatment was adopted. Ten days later, the dyspnea was improved evidently and the ventilator was removed, but there were still obvious abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The lesions mainly invaded the corpus striatum but were not limited to the basal ganglia. Then, the patient's disease improved and discharged approximately 1 mo later, and the abnormal lesions on MRI had partially improved. However, for about 1 year, the residual irreversible lesions were observed on MRI, the mental and physical development of the patient was obviously regressive, and extra rehabilitation training was needed. CONCLUSION: The case highlights the critical importance of one view that the range of lesions in some patients may be more extensive than previously thought in some ß-KTD patients. In addition to biochemical tests, genetic tests and magnetic resonance imaging are not only conducive to quickly diagnosing ß-KTD but also to partially evaluating the short- and long-term outcomes. Moreover, more attention should be paid to the two mutations (c.478C>G; c.951C>T) that may be associated with severe ß-KTD.

12.
Magn Reson Chem ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763372

RESUMO

In this work, the g factors, d-d transition band, local distortion, and their concentration dependences for impurity V4+ in 20Li2 O-20PbO-45B2 O3 -(15 - x)P2 O5 :V2 O5 (0 ≤ x ≤ 2.5 mol%) glasses are theoretically investigated by using perturbation formulas of g factors for a tetragonally compressed octahedral 3d1 cluster. In the light of the cubic polynomial concentration functions for cubic field parameter Dq , covalency factor N, and relative tetragonal compression ratio ρ, the calculated concentration dependences of d-d transition band and g factors for V4+ show good agreement with the experimental data. With increasing x, N (≈0.7682-0.8165) displays the monotonously increasing trend, whereas ρ (≈6.5-4.2%) and Dq (≈1504.9-1481.1 cm-1 ) exhibit the decreasing tendencies. The above concentration dependences can be ascribed to the modifications of the V4+ -O2- bonding and orbital admixtures around the impurity V4+ due to the effects of V2 O5 doping on the stability of the glass network, the strength of local crystal fields, and the electron cloud distribution.

13.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(5): 2013-2021, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790369

RESUMO

Background: Immunotherapy can activate the recognition of tumor antigen, build immune memory, and more and more clinical trials have taken the scheme of immunochemotherapy or immunoradiotherapy as a treatment strategy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Our objective was to compare the efficacy and safety between pembrolizumab combined with the chemotherapy group and simple chemotherapy in neoadjuvant therapy of ESCC. Methods: Fifty-four ESCC patients with stage II-IVa were enrolled at the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2018 and December 2020, including 23 in the pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy group (combined group), and 31 in the simple chemotherapy group. All patients received radical surgical treatment after two cycles of neoadjuvant therapy. Results: The pathological complete response (pCR) and objective response rate (ORR) in the combined group were significantly higher than that of the simple chemotherapy group (30.4% vs. 9.7%, P=0.048; 86.9% vs. 95.7%, P=0.017) as well as the score of tumor regression ≥2 (80.7% vs. 50.0%, P=0.013). And the complete rate of esophagectomy and R0 /R1 resection rate in the two groups were not statistically significant. Otherwise, the incidence of adverse events in the combined group was similar compared with the simple chemotherapy group. Conclusions: Pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy showed promising activity with a manageable safety profile. And it could offer a potential new neoadjuvant treatment approach for patients with ESCC.

14.
J Med Chem ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797051

RESUMO

Partial agonist activity at the dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) is the primary pharmacological feature of the third-generation antipsychotics─aripiprazole, brexpiprazole, and cariprazine. However, all these drugs share a common phenyl-piperazine moiety as the primary pharmacophore. In this study, we designed and synthesized a series of novel compounds based on the 2-phenylcyclopropylmethylamine (PCPMA) scaffold and studied their pharmacological activity at the D2R. A number of potent D2R partial agonists were identified through binding affinity screening and functional activity profiling in both G protein and ß-arrestin assays. The structure-functional activity relationship results showed that the spacer group is crucial for fine-tuning the intrinsic activity of these compounds. Compounds (+)-14j and (+)-14l showed good pharmacokinetic properties and an unexpected selectivity against the serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor. Preliminary suppressive effects in a mouse hyperlocomotion model proved that these PCPMA-derived D2R partial agonists are effective as potential novel antipsychotics.

15.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt B): 114087, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773780

RESUMO

Polymer materials have become one of the potential materials for remediation of heavy metal (HM) contamination in water and soil. However, the specific advantages of polymers are rarely studied. Water-soluble thiourea formaldehyde resin (WTF) is one of the effective polymer amendments. Through leaching experiments, WTF can stabilize 93.0% of Cd2+ and 99.7% of Cu2+. The results of HM morphology analysis show that after adding WTF, most of the HMs have been transformed into a relatively stable state. For example, in the process of remediation of 6 mg/kg Cd contaminated soil, the proportion of acid-soluble Cd decreased from 56.5% to 12.8%, and the residual state increased from 13.5% to 45.4%. Compared with the resin-free structure, the three-dimensional structure of the resin plays an important role, but the efficiency of precipitation with HMs is doubled. According to the simulation of the adsorption process by Materials Studio, the characterization of the scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive instrument and the results of the adsorption experiment, in the solution, the precipitate formed by WTF and Cd2+ has multilayer adsorption of HMs, and can further adsorb HM by -OH. Soil enzyme activity experiments proved that the risk of secondary pollution by adding WTF is rare, and even WTF can achieve the effect of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer. In the WTF remediation process, the biological toxicity reduction of HMs is result from, on the one hand, the complexation of functional group of WTF; on the other hand, the resin structure of WTF; in addition, multi-layer adsorption and adsorption of end groups in the precipitation formed by WTF and HM. This work provides a theoretical basis for the potential capabilities of water-soluble resins and is beneficial to the design and development of subsequent amendments.

16.
Opt Express ; 29(21): 34085-34096, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809206

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is widely considered to be a fingerprint spectrum that can realize molecular identification, and it continues to receive a lot of attention due to its high sensitivity and powerful qualitative analysis capabilities. In recent years, there has been a lot of work and reports on super-sensitive SERS substrates, but often the enhanced ability of the substrate is also effective for impurities and irrelevant molecules. Therefore, a problem that still remains to be solved is how to perform effective trace detection of specific substances in a complex detection environment. Herein, a superhydrophobic Ag nanoparticle/glass microfibre filter (AgNP/GF) substrate was designed to realize the Raman detection of complex multiphase solutions. The hydrophobic three-dimensional net-like structure provides efficient Raman enhancement, making the substrate have extremely high detection limits for dye molecules and even achieving specific detection of the hexane phase component (thiram molecule) in a multiphase solution.

17.
Eur J Cancer ; 159: 133-143, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743068

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the prognosis and adverse effects of induction or adjuvant chemotherapy (IC or AC) plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) versus CCRT alone in paediatric nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients in the intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) era. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 549 patients diagnosed from 2005 to 2021 were enrolled. Our primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) was applied to derive a risk stratification system. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to assess the cumulative survival rates, and cox analysis was applied to evaluate the relationship between variables and endpoints. RESULTS: The RPA-based risk stratification identified three different risk groups. In the intermediate-risk (stage IVa and EBV<4000 copies/ml) group, patients who received IC followed by CCRT achieved a significantly better 3-year PFS rate than those treated with CCRT alone (87.35% versus 75.89%; P = 0.04). But survival benefit was not obtained from the additional IC or AC in the low-risk (stage II-III and EBV<4000 copies/ml) or high-risk (stage II-IVa and EBV≥4000 copies/ml) group. The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events in patients treated with CCRT, IC + CCRT, and CCRT + AC were neutropenia (8.1%, 33.0% versus 36.9%, respectively) and leukopenia (14.1%, 26.8% versus 32.3%, respectively) with statistically significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: Paediatric NPC patients in the intermediate-risk group treated with IC followed by CCRT had significantly better PFS compared with patients treated with CCRT alone. And the overall incidence of acute adverse events in patients treated with IC or AC plus CCRT was higher than in patients treated with CCRT alone.

18.
Microbiome ; 9(1): 228, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenteric adipose tissue (mAT) hyperplasia, known as creeping fat is a pathologic characteristic of Crohn's disease (CD). The reserve of creeping fat in surgery is associated with poor prognosis of CD patients, but the mechanism remains unknown. METHODS: Mesenteric microbiome, metabolome, and host transcriptome were characterized using a cohort of 48 patients with CD and 16 non-CD controls. Multidimensional data including 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing (16S rRNA), host RNA sequencing, and metabolome were integrated to reveal network interaction. Mesenteric resident bacteria were isolated from mAT and functionally investigated both in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) model and in the Il10 gene-deficient (Il10-/-) mouse colitis model to validate their pro-inflammatory roles. RESULTS: Mesenteric microbiota contributed to aberrant metabolites production and transcripts in mATs from patients with CD. The presence of mAT resident microbiota was associated with the development of CD. Achromobacter pulmonis (A. pulmonis) isolated from CD mAT could translocate to mAT and exacerbate both DSS-induced and Il10 gene-deficient (Il10-/-) spontaneous colitis in mice. The levels of A. pulmonis in both mAT and mucous layer from CD patients were higher compared to those from the non-CD group. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the mesenteric microbiota from patients with CD sculpt a detrimental microenvironment and promote intestinal inflammation. Video abstract.

19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1172, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although a vaccination campaign has been conducted since 2004, Japanese encephalitis (JE) is still a public health problem in Guizhou, one of the provinces with the highest incidence of JE in China. The aim of this study was to understand the spatiotemporal distribution of JE and its relationship with environmental factors in Guizhou Province in the post-vaccination era, 2004-2016. METHODS: We collected data on human JE cases in Guizhou Province from 2004 to 2016 from the national infectious disease reporting system. A Poisson regression model was used to analyze the relationship between JE occurrence and environmental factors amongst counties. RESULTS: Our results showed that the incidence and mortality of JE decreased after the initiation of vaccination. JE cases were mainly concentrated in preschool and school-age children and the number of cases in children over age 15 years was significantly decreased compared with the previous 10 years; the seasonality of JE before and after the use of vaccines was unchanged. JE incidence was positively associated with cultivated land and negatively associated with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, vegetation coverage, and developed land. In areas with cultivated land coverage < 25%, vegetation coverage > 55%, and urban area coverage > 25%, the JE risk was lower. The highest JE incidence was among mid-level GDP areas and in moderately urbanized areas. CONCLUSIONS: This study assessed the relationship between incidence of JE and environmental factors in Guizhou Province. Our results highlight that the highest risk of JE transmission in the post-vaccination era is in mid-level developed areas.


Assuntos
Encefalite Japonesa , Vacinas contra Encefalite Japonesa , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Encefalite Japonesa/epidemiologia , Encefalite Japonesa/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Programas de Imunização , Vacinação
20.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; : e2100776, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825435

RESUMO

The transportation of sweat in an epidermal sweat sensor is critical for the monitoring of biochemical compositions of human sweat. However, it is still a challenge to engineer microfluidic devices with super-wetting channels for such epidermal sweat sensors. Herein, we report a zwitterionic poly (2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC) modified microfluidic device with super-wetting and good liquid transport ability via an azo coupling reaction of PMPC onto the surface of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic devices. The obtained PMPC modified microfluidic device can be integrated with flexible electrochemical sensor to measure the ion compositions of human sweat in real-time. The super-hydrophilic zwitterionic polymer surface modification can greatly facilitate the transportation of body fluids in microfluidic sensors for the detection of various biomarkers. Such microfluidic sensors have great potential for next generation personalized healthcare. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...