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1.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 89, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared the efficacy and toxicity of three IC regimens (TPF: taxanes, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil; TP: taxanes and cisplatin; and PF: cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil) followed by CCRT in locoregionally advanced NPC. METHODS: The retrospective study involved 1354 patients with newly diagnosed stage III-IVA NPC treated with IC and CCRT. The median follow-up time in our cohort was 50 months. Based on EBV DNA level, all the patients with stage IV were divided into low- (pre-EBV DNA < 1500 copies) and high-risk group (pre-EBV DNA ≥ 1500 copies). Progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), locoregional relapse free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) and grade 3-4 toxicities were compared among different IC regimens. The survival rates were compared using log-rank test and a Cox proportional hazards model was used to perform multivariate analyses. RESULTS: A multivariate analysis revealed TPF to be more effective than TP. Among stage III patients, no significant difference in clinical outcome between the different IC regimens was showed, while TPF was associated with significantly better survival conditions in the stage IV patients. A further subgroup analysis revealed that only patients with pre-EBV DNA ≥ 1500 copies could benefit from the application of TPF among stage IV NPC. In terms of acute toxicities, PF was associated with fewer grade 3/4 acute toxicities. CONCLUSIONS: In low-risk NPC patients, PF-based IC showed similar efficacy as TPF and TP but was associated with fewer grade 3/4 acute toxicities. In high-risk patients, however, the TPF regimen was superior to PF and TP, although grade 3/4 toxicities were more common with the TPF regimen.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0226888, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027663

RESUMO

Camellia oleifera Abel. (C. oleifera), as an important woody tree species producing edible oils in China, has attracted enormous attention due to its abundant unsaturated fatty acids and their associated benefits to human health. To reveal novel insights into the characters during the maturation period of this plant as well as the molecular basis of fatty acid biosynthesis and degradation, we conducted a conjoint analysis of the transcriptome and proteome of C. oleifera seeds from Hainan Island. Using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology and shotgun proteomic method, 59,391 transcripts and 40,500 unigenes were obtained by TIGR Gene Indices Clustering Tools (TGICL), while 1691 protein species were identified from Mass Spectrometry (MS). Subsequently, all genes and proteins were employed in euKaryotic Orthologous Groups (KOG) classification, Gene Ontology (GO) annotation, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis to investigate their essential functions. The results indicated that the most abundant pathways were biological metabolic processes. There were 946 unigenes associated with lipid metabolism at the transcriptome level, with 116 proteins at the proteome level; among these, 38 specific proteins were involved in protein-protein interactions, with the majority being related to fatty acid catabolic process. The expression levels of 21 candidate unigenes encoding target proteins were further detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Finally, Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) was carried out to determine the fatty acid composition of C. oleifera oil. These findings not only deepened our understanding about the molecular mechanisms of fatty acid metabolism but also offered new evidence concerning the roles of relevant proteins in oil-bearing crops. Furthermore, the lipid-associated proteins recognized in this research might be helpful in providing a reference for the synthetic regulation of C. oleifera oil quality by genetic engineering techniques, thus resulting in potential application in agriculture.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031986

RESUMO

Considering the predominant role of rare variants of the Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) gene in the occurrence of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), here we conducted a case-control study, together with functional validation, to explore the relationships between variants of the BMP9 gene and development of IPAH. We found minor alleles of rs3740297 (OR: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.59-0.87, P=7.77×10-5) and rs7923671 (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.62-0.93, P=0.009) were significantly associated with decreased risk of IPAH. Minor alleles of rs3740297 and rs7923671 were significantly associated with increased plasma level of BMP9 in both IPAH cases and controls (P<0.001). An allele of rs7923671 showed higher relative luciferase activity compared to that containing G allele (P<0.001). Mechanism exploration found that pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) cell line transfected with rs3740297 C allele construct, miR-149 mimic, and antagomir miR-149 showed more sensitive change of the relative luciferase activity and BMP9 expression. This means minor allele T of rs3740297 could significantly decrease susceptibility of IPAH in Chinese population, possibly by increasing BMP9 expression through losing a miR-149 binding site. Our study provides evidence for genetic associations between two specific variants in the BMP9 gene and plasma level of BMP9, occurrence of IPAH.

4.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA119028638, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019481

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Microglia are among the first cells to respond to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), but the mechanisms that underlie their activity following ICH remain unclear. IL (interleukin)-15 is a proinflammatory cytokine that orchestrates homeostasis and the intensity of the immune response following central nervous system inflammatory events. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of IL-15 in ICH injury. Methods- Using brain slices of patients with ICH, we determined the presence and cellular source of IL-15. A transgenic mouse line with targeted expression of IL-15 in astrocytes was generated to determine the role of astrocytic IL-15 in ICH. The expression of IL-15 was controlled by a glial fibrillary acidic protein promoter (GFAP-IL-15tg). ICH was induced by intraparenchymal injection of collagenase or autologous blood. Results- In patients with ICH and wild-type mice subjected to experimental ICH, we found a significant upregulation of IL-15 in astrocytes. In GFAP-IL-15tg mice, we found that astrocyte-targeted expression of IL-15 exacerbated brain edema and neurological deficits following ICH. This aggravated ICH injury in GFAP-IL-15tg mice is accompanied by increased microglial accumulation in close proximity to astrocytes in perihematomal tissues. Additionally, microglial expression of CD86, IL-1ß, and TNF-α is markedly increased in GFAP-IL-15tg mice following ICH. Furthermore, depletion of microglia using a colony stimulating factor 1 receptor inhibitor diminishes the exacerbation of ICH injury in GFAP-IL-15tg mice. Conclusions- Our findings identify IL-15 as a mediator of the crosstalk between astrocytes and microglia that exacerbates brain injury following ICH.

5.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The eosinophilic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is known to be more sensitive to corticosteroid. The sputum microbiome has been shown to affect COPD prognosis, but its role in acute exacerbations of eosinophilic COPD is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes of the airway microbiome in patients with acute exacerbations of eosinophilic COPD. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with acute exacerbations of COPD from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University between June 2017 and June 2018 were divided into two groups. Patients with eosinophils ≥300 cells/µL in the peripheral venous blood were assigned to the eosinophilic group (Eos) and the rest to the non-eosinophilic group (Noneos). All patients received similar treatment including inhaled budesonide according to the guidelines. The induced sputum microbiome was analyzed on the 1st and 7th day of treatment using the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) method. The levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 were measured in the plasma and the sensitivity to corticosteroids was determined in isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Quantitative data were compared between the two groups using the independent samples t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Categorical data were evaluated using Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients were classified into Eos group and 31 patients were classified into Noneos group. Prior to treatment, the alpha diversity (Shannon index) (2.65 ±â€Š0.63 vs. 2.56 ±â€Š0.54, t = 0.328, P = 0.747) and the structure of the sputum microbiome were similar in the Eos group and the Noneos group. After 7 days of treatment, alpha diversity increased in both groups, while the microbiome richness (Ace index) was significantly lower in the Eos group (561.87 ±â€Š109.13 vs. 767.88 ±â€Š148.48, t = -3.535, P = 0.002). At the same time, IL-6 (12.09 ±â€Š2.85 pg/mL vs. 15.54 ±â€Š2.45 pg/mL, t = -4.913, P < 0.001) and IL-8 (63.64 ±â€Š21.69 pg/mL vs. 78.97 ±â€Š17.13 pg/mL, t = -2.981, P = 0.004) decreased more significantly in the Eos group, and the percentage of inhibition of IL-8 at dexamethasone concentrations 10 to 10 mol/L were significantly higher in the Eos group than those in the Noneos group (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The induced sputum microbiome richness decreased more significantly following treatment in the Eos patients compared to the Noneos patients. The lower plasma inflammatory factor levels and the higher percentage of inhibition of IL-8 might be due to higher corticosteroid sensitivity in Eos patients.

6.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-34, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054547

RESUMO

B vitamins (including folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12) and methionine are essential for methylation reactions, nucleotide synthesis, DNA stability and DNA repair. However, epidemiological evidence among Chinese population is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate B vitamins and methionine in relation to colorectal cancer risk in a Chinese population. A case-control study was conducted from July 2010 to April 2019. A total of 2502 patients with colorectal cancer were recruited along with 2538 age (5-year interval) and sex matched controls. Dietary data was collected by using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI). The intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 was inversely associated with colorectal cancer risk. The multivariable ORs for the highest quartile versus the lowest quartile were 0.62 (95%CI 0.51, 0.74; Ptrend < 0.001) for folate, 0.46 (95%CI 0.38, 0.55; Ptrend < 0.001) for vitamin B2, 0.55 (95%CI 0.46, 0.76; Ptrend < 0.001) for vitamin B6 and 0.72 (95%CI 0.60, 0.86; Ptrend < 0.001) for vitamin B12, respectively. No statistically significant association was found between methionine intake and colorectal cancer risk. Stratified analysis by sex showed that the inverse associations between vitamin B12 and methionine intake and colorectal cancer risk were found only among women. This study indicated that higher intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 was associated with decreased risk of colorectal cancer in Chinese population.

7.
Reprod Sci ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016801

RESUMO

Intermittent hypoxia (IH) is a prominent characteristic of many clinical complications such as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). OSAS is related to a higher incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes, and IH has been suggested as the preliminary physiological etiology. However, further studies remain to be performed on the underlying cellular and molecular pathogenic mechanisms of OSAS-related IH on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Here, we used a trophoblast cell line (HTR8/SVneo), primary extravillous trophoblast cells (EVTs), and a normal-term placenta villi explant culture model in vitro in this research. The effects and possible molecular mechanisms of IH on trophoblast motility, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis were investigated. IH reduced HTR8/SVneo cell and EVT motility significantly, which could be partially attributed to the reduced secretion of matrix metalloproteinase 2. IH treatment blocked HTR8/SVneo cell proliferation significantly by modulating the expression of D-type Cyclins. IH also induced significant trophoblast cell apoptosis. Moreover, our study supports the premise that IH attenuates trophoblast cell motility and proliferation and induces excessive trophoblast cell apoptosis by specifically triggering the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathway. Briefly, differing from the mechanism of trophoblast motility and proliferation inhibition, and apoptosis induction by hypoxia, IH is apt to weaken trophoblast viability mainly by activating the ER stress signaling pathway with a time-dependent pattern, which is further implicated in OSAS-associated adverse pregnancy outcomes.

8.
ISME J ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32055028

RESUMO

Dominant coral-associated Endozoicomonas bacteria species are hypothesized to play a role in the coral sulfur cycle by metabolizing dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) into dimethylsulfide (DMS); however, no sequenced genome to date harbors genes for this process. In this study, we assembled high-quality (>95% complete) draft genomes of strains of the recently added species Endozoicomonas acroporae (Acr-14T, Acr-1, and Acr-5) isolated from the coral Acropora sp. and performed a comparative genomic analysis on the genus Endozoicomonas. We identified DMSP CoA-transferase/lyase-a dddD gene homolog in all sequenced genomes of E. acroporae strains-and functionally characterized bacteria capable of metabolizing DMSP into DMS via the DddD cleavage pathway using RT-qPCR and gas chromatography (GC). Furthermore, we demonstrated that E. acroporae strains can use DMSP as a carbon source and have genes arranged in an operon-like manner to link DMSP metabolism to the central carbon cycle. This study confirms the role of Endozoicomonas in the coral sulfur cycle.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 716: 137095, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059325

RESUMO

Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC) is proposed as a promising vertical cutoff wall material to contain acid mine drainage (AMD). The study presents comprehensive investigations of hydraulic conductivity of ECC permeated with AMD and self-healing of ECC subjected to wet-dry cycles. The effectiveness of incorporating reactive magnesia (MgO) into ECC for self-healing enhancement is also investigated. The chemical species formed in ECC and MgO-ECC specimens after exposure to AMD are investigated via SEM, FTIR, XRD and TGA analyses. The results show hydraulic conductivity of un-cracked and cracked ECC and MgO-ECC specimens pre-strained up to 1.32% is below commonly accepted limits of 10-8 m/s when permeated with AMD. The self-healing capacity of ECC specimens subjected to wet-dry cycles using both tap water and AMD as immersing liquids is improved by MgO addition. MgO addition is also beneficial for reducing hydraulic conductivity of un-cracked and cracked ECC specimens permeated with AMD. MgO addition results formation of new self-healing products including hydromagnesite and brucite when exposed to tap water, and hydrotalcite-like phase (Ht) when exposed to AMD.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 912, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060266

RESUMO

Progressive ventricular enlargement, a key feature of several neurologic and psychiatric diseases, is mediated by unknown mechanisms. Here, using murine models of 22q11-deletion syndrome (22q11DS), which is associated with schizophrenia in humans, we found progressive enlargement of lateral and third ventricles and deceleration of ciliary beating on ependymal cells lining the ventricular walls. The cilia-beating deficit observed in brain slices and in vivo is caused by elevated levels of dopamine receptors (Drd1), which are expressed in motile cilia. Haploinsufficiency of the microRNA-processing gene Dgcr8 results in Drd1 elevation, which is brought about by a reduction in Drd1-targeting microRNAs miR-382-3p and miR-674-3p. Replenishing either microRNA in 22q11DS mice normalizes ciliary beating and ventricular size. Knocking down the microRNAs or deleting their seed sites on Drd1 mimicked the cilia-beating and ventricular deficits. These results suggest that the Dgcr8-miR-382-3p/miR-674-3p-Drd1 mechanism contributes to deceleration of ciliary motility and age-dependent ventricular enlargement in 22q11DS.

11.
Mol Med Rep ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016468

RESUMO

A high­fat diet (HFD) or obesity­promoting diet is closely associated with metabolic diseases and intestinal tumors, particularly in middle­aged individuals (typically 45­64 years old). The intestinal epithelium constitutes a barrier that separates the host from the food and microbiota in the gut, and thus, a dysfunctional epithelium is associated with a number of diseases. However, the changes caused to the function of intestinal epithelium in response to an HFD have not been well­studied to date. In the present study, middle­aged female mice (12 months old) fed an HFD for a period of 14 weeks were used to determine the effects of HFD on the intestine. Characteristics including the body weight, fat deposition, glucose metabolism, inflammatory state and intestinal morphology were assessed, while the intestinal stem cell (ISC) counts and the ability of isolated intestinal crypts to form organoid bodies in 3D culture were examined. Intestinal epithelial barrier function, including secretory defense, tight junctions and cell apoptosis, were also studied. Morphologically, the HFD resulted in a mild reduction in the length of villi of the small intestine, the colon length and the depth of colon crypts. In addition, the ISC counts were increased in the small intestine and colon in HFD­fed mice. The ability of crypts to grow into organoids (mini­guts) was also increased in crypts obtained from mice fed an HFD, while HFD compromised the epithelial barrier function of the colon. These results demonstrated how an HFD affects the intestinal epithelium and highlighted the need to carefully consider dietary patterns.

12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 564: 296-302, 2020 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918197

RESUMO

Controlling micropore size is the core for synthesizing highly efficient adsorbents for gas adsorption and separation engineering. Porous carbon prepared by traditional methods usually lacks competitiveness due to the random micropore size or complex process. Herein, we report a novel strategy for synthesizing nitrogen doped carbons nanosheets (Cu-NDPCs) with unimodal ultra-micropore based on the metal-organic covalency and the anion regulated in situ copper template. The thickness of single Cu-NDPCs is about 4.2 nm. In the presence of Cl-, the porosity of Cu-NDPCs can be tuned at 4.1-4.8 Å by adjusting the pyrolysis temperature. Among them, Cu-NDPC-800 has unique carbon nanosheets networks structure, ultrahigh surface area (2150 m2 g-1), large micropore volume (0.92 cm3 g-1) and abundant surface N doping (5.33%). As an adsorbent, it exhibits superhigh C2H2, C2H6, C3H8 and CO2 uptakes (6.7, 7.0, 11.4 and 4.4 mmol g-1) and corresponding x/CH4 or CO2/N2 IAST selectivities (12.9, 17.8, 468.6, 4.3 and 17.1) under ambient conditions. Meanwhile, the Cu-NDPC-800 possesses excellent cyclic stability.

13.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj ; 1864(4): 129541, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BAX activation is a crucial step for commitment to apoptosis. Several activators, such as BimBH3-based therapeutic peptides and cleaved Bid (cBid) protein, can trigger BAX-mediated apoptosis, but it is unclear whether they proceed through the same pathway. METHODS: Here we utilize PEGylation-based approach, which is shown to efficiently shield individual binding grooves in BAX from activators, to investigate and reveal that the activators take different routes to induce BAX-mediated apoptosis. Various spectroscopic/biochemical tools, including electron spin resonance, circular dichroism, fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, and label-transfer assay, were employed to reveal details in the processes. RESULTS: We observe a key mutant BAX 164-PEG that acts differently in response to cBid and BimBH3 stimuli. While BimBH3 directly interacts with the trigger groove (TG) to induce the conformational changes in BAX that includes the release of α9 from the canonical groove (CG) and oligomerization, cBid engages with CG and works with mitochondrial lipids to fully activate BAX. CONCLUSION: PEGylation-based approach is proven useful to shield individual binding grooves of BAX from apoptotic stimuli. Groove engagement in CG of BAX is required for a full cBid-induced BAX activation. This study has identified differences in the pathways involved during the initiation of BAX activation by full-length cBid protein versus synthetic BimBH3-based peptides. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our finding is potentially valuable for therapeutic application as the pore-forming activity of 164-PEG is independent from the cBid-mediated apoptotic pathways, but can be administrated by the synthetic short peptides.

14.
Psych J ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995837

RESUMO

Many property issues in real life occur in the transfer contexts. Previous studies have investigated the role of creation and value change in people's use of the labor rule when solving property issues involving conflicting cues between labor and first possession, but have neglected the possible effect of transfer types. This study explored how items get transferred from the original owner to the next affected adults' use of the labor rule when assigning ownership. Eighty-two participants (Mage = 22.10 years) read some scenarios in which a person modified some redwoods into a set of furniture after he (a) was requested to store the redwoods for another person, (b) borrowed the redwoods from another person, or (c) found the redwoods lost by another person. Participants were then asked to decide whether the original possessor or the modifier of the transferred objects was the owner, and to explain their answers. The results showed that most subjects were inclined to select the laborer as owner in the losing context, and support the original possessor as owner in the storing context. Participants were more likely to justify their answers with the first possession heuristic in the storing context, but more likely to justify their answers with transfer types in the borrowing context and justify their answers with knowledge and intention in the losing context. The study shows that transfer types affect use of the labor rule in adults' ownership judgments, and may shed light on legislation and court decisions in real life.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 5601-5609, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927972

RESUMO

Wearable epidermal sensors are of great importance to the next generation of personalized healthcare. The adhesion between the flexible sensor and skin surface is critical for obtaining accurate, reliable, and stable signals. Herein we present a facile approach to fabricate a microstructured, natural silk fibroin protein-based adhesive for achieving highly conformal, comfortable, adjustable, and biocompatible adhesion on the skin surface. The microstructured fibroin adhesive (MSFA) exhibits reliable and stable bonding force on skin surfaces, even under humid or wet conditions, and can be easily peeled off from the skin without causing significant pain. Such an MSFA can greatly improve the sensitivity and reusability of epidermal strain sensors because of its conformal and tunable adhesion on skin surfaces. The MFSA has a great potential to be applied as a functional adhesive for various epidermal electronic sensors in the era of personalized healthcare.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 79, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911589

RESUMO

Mice are widely used as experimental models for gut microbiome (GM) studies, yet the majority of mouse GM members remain uncharacterized. Here, we report the construction of a mouse gut microbial biobank (mGMB) that contains 126 species, represented by 244 strains that have been deposited in the China General Microorganism Culture Collection. We sequence and phenotypically characterize 77 potential new species and propose their nomenclatures. The mGMB includes 22 and 17 species that are significantly enriched in ob/ob and wild-type C57BL/6J mouse cecal samples, respectively. The genomes of the 126 species in the mGMB cover 52% of the metagenomic nonredundant gene catalog (sequence identity ≥ 60%) and represent 93-95% of the KEGG-Orthology-annotated functions of the sampled mouse GMs. The microbial and genome data assembled in the mGMB enlarges the taxonomic characterization of mouse GMs and represents a useful resource for studies of host-microbe interactions and of GM functions associated with host health and diseases.

17.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926816

RESUMO

In order to reduce the flow resistance of the thin-film flat plat photobioreactor (FPPBR) and make it more suitable for mass microalgae cultivation, the channel diameter was modified to 0.06 m and the thin-film FPPBR consisted of 10 parallel shunt-wound channels. A thin-film FPPBR system with 100 modified FPPBRs was constructed and used for Chlorella sp. cultivation in desertification areas (Ordos, China) from July to September of 2018. The pressure drop of the modified FPPBR system decreased significantly and the microalgae showed much higher productivity. The pressure drop was about 11.8 kPa when the liquid velocity was 0.238 m s-1. The final biomass concentration and area productivity reached 2.01 g L-1 and 49.79 g m-2 day-1 respectively, and the yearly productivity of Chlorella sp. was estimated to be about 15.24 t ha-2 year-1. The results demonstrated that high productivity of Chlorella sp. could be achieved in the improved FPPBR system in desertification areas and the improved FPPBR system was feasible for mass cultivation of microalgae in the commercial application.

18.
Talanta ; 209: 120515, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892070

RESUMO

Ionic liquids are promising electrolytes for electrochemical gas sensors that have unique physicochemical properties such as negligible vapor pressure and high thermal stability. The modification of ionic liquid (IL) by combining metal oxide with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is an effective method to improve its gas-sensing properties. In this study, the mesoporous structure of NiCo2O4/rGO is synthesized by simple one-step method, and the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([BMIM][PF6]) is mixed with it to form the composite material NiCo2O4/rGO/[BMIM][PF6]. Electrochemical test results indicate that the three electrolytes exhibit response current and long-term stability in the oxygen environment. The oxygen sensor based on NiCo2O4/rGO/[BMIM][PF6] significantly improves the response current and working stability of pure ionic liquid. The sensitivity of the sensor is 0.1087 µA/[%O2], and the linear regression coefficient of the reduction peak current calibration curve is 0.9995. After continuous cyclic voltammetry, the reduction peak current remains at 90% of the initial current value. The interaction of IL and NiCo2O4/rGO significantly enhances electrochemical oxygen sensing performance.

19.
Nutrients ; 12(1)2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963221

RESUMO

Diet may modulate chronic inflammation. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII®) was associated with the risk of colorectal cancer in a Chinese population. A case-control study was conducted from July 2010 to April 2019, in Guangzhou, China. A total of 2502 eligible cases were recruited along with 2538 age- (5-year interval) and sex-matched controls. Dietary data derived from a validated food frequency questionnaire were used to calculate the energy-adjusted DII (E-DII) scores. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for colorectal cancer risk were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models. In this study, E-DII scores ranged from -5.96 (the most anti-inflammatory score) to +6.01 (the most pro-inflammatory score). A positive association was found between the E-DII and colorectal cancer risk, with the OR = 1.40 (95% CI 1.16, 1.68; Ptrend < 0.01) for the highest E-DII quartile compared with the lowest quartile after adjusting for potential confounders. When stratified based on cancer subsite, sex, body mass index, and smoking status, significant associations were not observed in women or underweight individuals. Results from this study confirmed that a higher E-DII score was associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer in a Chinese population.

20.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 17, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: STAT5 plays an important role in the transformation of hematopoietic cells by BCR-ABL. However, the downstream target genes activated by STAT5 in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells remain largely unclear. Here, we investigated the mechanistic functional relationship between STAT5A-regulated microRNA and CML cell apoptosis. METHODS: The expression of USP15, Caspase-6, STAT5A-regulated miR-202-5p and STAT5A was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting in CML cell lines and PBMCs of CML patients. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. Both gain- and loss-of-function experiments were used to investigate the roles of USP15, miR-202-5p and STAT5A in CML. Luciferase reporter assay detected the effect of miR-202-5p on USP15 expression. Xenograft animal model was used to test the effect of anti-miR-202-5p and pimozide on K562 cell xenograft growth. RESULTS: USP15 expression was significantly downregulated in CML cell lines and PBMCs of CML patients. Depletion of USP15 increased, whereas overexpression of USP15 reduced the resistance of CML cells to Imatinib. Further, decreased deubiquitinating activity of USP15 by USP15 downregulation led to reduced caspase-6 level, thus attenuating CML cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, miR-202-5p was upregulated in K562G cells and negatively regulated USP15 expression by directly targeting USP15 3'-UTR. Correspondingly, upregulation of miR-202-5p enhanced the resistance of CML cells to Imatinib by inhibiting cell apoptosis. Importantly, STAT5A was upregulated in CML cells and directly activated miR-202-5p transcription by binding to the pre-miR-202 promoter. Pimozide induced CML cell apoptosis and significantly reduced K562 cell xenograft growth in vivo by blocking STAT5A/miR-202-5p/USP15/Caspase-6 regulatory axis. CONCLUSIONS: we provide the first evidence that de-regulated STAT5A/miR-202-5p/USP15/Caspase-6 regulatory axis suppresses the apoptosis of CML cells, targeting this pathway might be a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of CML.

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