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1.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30456, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720716

RESUMO

Potatoes, as a high-nitrogen (N)-demand crop, are strongly influenced by both the quantity and form of N supply. Previous studies have demonstrated that applying nitrate N prior to tuber formation and ammonium N post-tuber formation can substantially enhance potato yields and improve N fertilizer use efficiency. However, the ammonium N introduced into the soil undergoes nitrification, creating challenges in aligning the N supply form with the needs of potatoes. This study explored novel N regulation strategies aimed at augmenting potato yields and improving N fertilizer use efficiency. Two field experiments were conducted from 2020 to 2022. Experiment 1 involved four N gradients, namely no N, 150 kg N ha-1, 300 kg N ha-1, and 450 kg N ha-1. Soil samples were collected regularly to determine the transformation patterns of soil ammonium N during potato growth. Experiment 2 included three N management practices: farmer practice (Con), "nitrate followed by ammonium" with nitrification inhibitor (N-NI), and optimization (the soil ammonium N transformation-based split application of N fertilizer, Opt). The potato yield and N fertilizer use efficiency were compared to assess the performance of the optimized strategy. The results showed that 90 % of the ammonium N transformed 20 days after the basal dressing of N. When N fertilizer was applied as top dressing during the tuber formation and bulking stages, more than 90 % of ammonium N was transformed after 10 days. The optimized strategy resulted in a 20 % increase in potato yield, a 20 % increase in N fertilizer partial factor productivity, and a 12-20 % reduction in residual inorganic N in the 0-60 cm soil layer. This suggests that ammonium N applied as base fertilizer exhibits a relatively slow transformation rate, while applying ammonium N as top dressing during the tuber formation and bulking stages accelerates the transformation rate. The split application of ammonium N based on soil ammonium N transformation patterns can improve the alignment between the N supply form with the specific demands of potatoes.

2.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(5): 3665-3675, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720856

RESUMO

Background: Single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT/CT) quantification has emerged as a valuable tool for assessing disease prognosis by accurately identifying and characterizing abnormal lesions with accumulated radionuclides. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most prevalent type of thyroid cancer, and radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy is a standard treatment following total thyroidectomy. This study aimed to explore the potential utility the quantitative parameters of the thyroid bed under iodine-131 (I-131) SPECT/CT in the efficacy of RAI adjuvant therapy for patients with PTC. Methods: The retrospective cohort study enrolled 107 patients with PTC who underwent RAI adjuvant therapy from June 2020 to January 2023. Three days after the RAI adjuvant therapy, all patients underwent I-131 whole-body scans and SPECT/CT imaging. The quantitative parameters, including maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean), and percent injected dose (%ID), were measured using image analysis software based on I-131 SPECT/CT thyroid bed uptake. Successful therapy was defined as inhibitory thyroglobulin (Tg) <0.2 ng/mL with negative thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and negative imaging examination 6 months after RAI adjuvant therapy. The relationship between the quantitative parameters and the treatment efficacy, in addition to the potential influencing factors, were analyzed. Results: The quantitative parameters from the successful group [SUVmax: median 6.15 g/mL, interquartile range (IQR) 2.34-13.80 g/mL; SUVmean: median 2.02 g/mL, IQR 0.89-4.93 g/mL; %ID: median 2.00%, IQR 1.00-4.00%] were significantly lower than those from the unsuccessful group (SUVmax: median 19.03 g/mL, IQR 5.31-45.10 g/mL, SUVmean 4.64 g/mL, IQR 2.07-19.05 g/mL; %ID: median 8.00%, IQR 3.00-18.00%) (SUVmax: Z=-3.755; SUVmean; Z=-3.671; %ID: Z=-4.070; all P values <0.001). SUVmax, SUVmean and %ID were positively correlated with the stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) and inhibitory Tg at 6 months after RAI adjuvant therapy, respectively (all P values <0.001). SUVmax [odds ratio (OR) =1.045], SUVmean (OR =1.130), and %ID (OR =1.092) were predictive factors for the failure of RAI adjuvant therapy (all P values <0.001). Conclusions: Our study suggested that quantitative parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, and %ID) derived from I-131 SPECT/CT imaging of the thyroid bed can serve as useful tools for predicting therapy outcomes following RAI adjuvant therapy.

3.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(4): 341-353, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727157

RESUMO

Objective: Hydroquinone (HQ), one of the phenolic metabolites of benzene, is widely recognized as an important participant in benzene-induced hematotoxicity. However, there are few relevant proteomics in HQ-induced hematotoxicity and the mechanism hasn't been fully understood yet. Methods: In this study, we treated K562 cells with 40 µmol/L HQ for 72 h, examined and validated protein expression changes by Label-free proteomic analysis and Parallel reaction monitoring (PRM), and performed bioinformatics analysis to identify interaction networks. Results: One hundred and eighty-seven upregulated differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) and 279 downregulated DEPs were identified in HQ-exposed K562 cells, which were involved in neutrophil-mediated immunity, blood microparticle, and other GO terms, as well as the lysosome, metabolic, cell cycle, and cellular senescence-related pathways. Focusing on the 23 DEGs and 5 DEPs in erythroid differentiation-related pathways, we constructed the network of protein interactions and determined 6 DEPs (STAT1, STAT3, CASP3, KIT, STAT5B, and VEGFA) as main hub proteins with the most interactions, among which STATs made a central impact and may be potential biomarkers of HQ-induced hematotoxicity. Conclusion: Our work reinforced the use of proteomics and bioinformatic approaches to advance knowledge on molecular mechanisms of HQ-induced hematotoxicity at the protein level and provide a valuable basis for further clarification.


Assuntos
Benzeno , Hemolíticos , Proteoma , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica , Benzeno/toxicidade , Células K562 , Humanos , Testes de Toxicidade/métodos , Hemolíticos/toxicidade
4.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(7): 125, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the success of PD-1 blockade in recurrent/metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), its effect for locoregionally advanced NPC (LANPC) remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the benefit of adding PD-1 blockade to the current standard treatment (gemcitabine and cisplatin IC  plus cisplatin CCRT ) for LANPC patients. METHODS: From January 2020 to November 2022, 347 patients with non-metastatic high-risk LANPC (stage III-IVA, excluding T3-4N0) were included. Of the 347 patients, 268 patients were treated with standard treatment (IC-CCRT), and 79 received PD-1 blockade plus IC-CCRT (PD-1 group). For the PD-1 group, PD-1 blockade was given intravenously once every 3 weeks for up to 9 cycles (3 induction and 6 adjuvant). The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS) (i.e. freedom from local/regional/distant failure or death). The propensity score matching (PSM) with the ratio of 1:2 was performed to control confounding factors. RESULTS: After PSM analysis, 150 patients receiving standard treatment and 75 patients receiving additional PD-1 blockade remained in the current analysis. After three cycles of IC, the PD-1 group had significantly higher rates of complete response (defined as disappearance of all target lesions; 24% vs. 9%; P = 0.006) and complete biological response (defined as undetectable cell-free Epstein-Barr virus DNA, cfEBV DNA; 79% vs. 65%; P = 0.046) than that in the standard group. And the incidence of grade 3-4 toxicity during IC was 47% in the PD-1 group and 41% in the standard group, with no significant difference (P = 0.396). During follow-up period, additional PD-1 blockade to standard treatment improved 3-year DFS from 84 to 95%, with marginal statistical significance (HR, 0.28; 95%CI, 0.06-1.19; P = 0.064). CONCLUSION: Additiaonl PD-1 blockade to gemcitabine and cisplatin IC and adjuvant treatment results in significant improvement in tumor regression, cfEBV DNA clearance, superior DFS, and comparable toxicity profiles in high-risk LANPC patients.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Quimioterapia de Indução , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Pontuação de Propensão , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gencitabina
5.
Mater Today Bio ; 26: 101075, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736614

RESUMO

Regenerating skin nerves in deep burn wounds poses a significant clinical challenge. In this study, we designed an electrospun wound dressing called CuCS/Cur, which incorporates copper-doped calcium silicate (CuCS) and curcumin (Cur). The unique wound dressing releases a bioactive Cu2+-Cur chelate that plays a crucial role in addressing this challenge. By rebuilding the "factory" (hair follicle) responsible for producing nerve cells, CuCS/Cur induces a high expression of nerve-related factors within the hair follicle cells and promotes an abundant source of nerves for burn wounds. Moreover, the Cu2+-Cur chelate activates the differentiation of nerve cells into a mature nerve cell network, thereby efficiently promoting the reconstruction of the neural network in burn wounds. Additionally, the Cu2+-Cur chelate significantly stimulates angiogenesis in the burn area, ensuring ample nutrients for burn wound repair, hair follicle regeneration, and nerve regeneration. This study confirms the crucial role of chelation synergy between bioactive ions and flavonoids in promoting the regeneration of neuralized skin through wound dressings, providing valuable insights for the development of new biomaterials aimed at enhancing neural repair.

6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 605, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) have become a public health problem for all countries, bringing a heavier economic burden of disease globally, with China's disease economic burden being even more acute due to the trend of an aging population. This study aimed to explore the influencing factors of hospitalization cost of patients with DRFs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCMa) hospitals to provide a scientific basis for controlling hospitalization cost. METHODS: With 1306 cases of DRFs patients hospitalized in 15 public TCMa hospitals in two cities of Gansu Province in China from January 2017 to 2022 as the study object, the influencing factors of hospitalization cost were studied in depth gradually through univariate analysis, multiple linear regression, and path model. RESULTS: Hospitalization cost of patients with DRFs is mainly affected by the length of stay, surgery and operation, hospital levels, payment methods of medical insurance, use of TCMa preparations, complications and comorbidities, and clinical pathways. The length of stay is the most critical factor influencing the hospitalization cost, and the longer the length of stay, the higher the hospitalization cost. CONCLUSIONS: TCMa hospitals should actively take advantage of TCMb diagnostic modalities and therapeutic methods to ensure the efficacy of treatment and effectively reduce the length of stay at the same time, to lower hospitalization cost. It is also necessary to further deepen the reform of the medical insurance payment methods and strengthen the construction of the hierarchical diagnosis and treatment system, to make the patients receive reasonable reimbursement for medical expenses, thus effectively alleviating the economic burden of the disease in the patients with DRFs.


Assuntos
Custos Hospitalares , Hospitalização , Tempo de Internação , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fraturas do Rádio , Humanos , China , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/economia , Idoso , Fraturas do Rádio/economia , Fraturas do Rádio/terapia , Custos Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/economia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/economia , Adulto , Hospitais Públicos/economia , Fraturas do Punho
7.
Inflamm Res ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is a complex and life-threatening condition lacking specific and efficient clinical treatments. Extracellular histones, identified as a novel type of damage-associated molecular patterns, have been implicated in the inflammatory process of ALI. However, further elucidation is needed regarding the precise mechanism through which extracellular histones induce inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether extracellular histones can activate NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation in alveolar macrophages (AMs) by affecting TWIK2-dependent potassium efflux. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted experiments using cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) C57BL/6 mice and extracellular histone-stimulated LPS-primed MH-S cells. The results demonstrated a significant increase in the levels of extracellular histones in the plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of CLP mice. Furthermore, neutralizing extracellular histone mitigated lung injury and inflammation in CLP-induced ALI mice. In vitro studies confirmed that extracellular histones upregulated the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome activation-related proteins in MH-S cells, and this effect was dependent on increased potassium efflux mediated by the TWIK2 channel on the plasma membrane. Moreover, extracellular histones directly triggered a substantial influx of calcium, leading to increased Rab11 activity and facilitating the trafficking and location of TWIK2 to the plasma membrane. CONCLUSION: These findings underscore the critical role of extracellular histone-induced upregulation of TWIK2 expression on the plasma membrane of alveolar macrophages (AMs). This upregulation leads to potassium efflux and subsequent activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, ultimately exacerbating lung inflammation and injury during sepsis.

8.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venlafaxine dose regimens vary considerably between individuals, requiring personalized dosing. AIM: This study aimed to identify dose-related influencing factors of venlafaxine through real-world data analysis and to construct a personalized dose model using advanced artificial intelligence techniques. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective study on patients with depression treated with venlafaxine. Significant variables were selected through a univariate analysis. Subsequently, the predictive performance of seven models (XGBoost, LightGBM, CatBoost, GBDT, ANN, TabNet, and DT) was compared. The algorithm that demonstrated optimal performance was chosen to establish the dose prediction model. Model validation used confusion matrices and ROC analysis. Additionally, a dose subgroup analysis was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 298 patients were included. TabNet was selected to establish the venlafaxine dose prediction model, which exhibited the highest performance with an accuracy of 0.80. The analysis identified seven crucial variables correlated with venlafaxine daily dose, including blood venlafaxine concentration, total protein, lymphocytes, age, globulin, cholinesterase, and blood platelet count. The area under the curve (AUC) for predicting venlafaxine doses of 75 mg, 150 mg, and 225 mg were 0.90, 0.85, and 0.90, respectively. CONCLUSION: We successfully developed a TabNet model to predict venlafaxine doses using real-world data. This model demonstrated substantial predictive accuracy, offering a personalized dosing regimen for venlafaxine. These findings provide valuable guidance for the clinical use of the drug.

9.
Mod Pathol ; : 100517, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763422

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) refers to an estrogen receptor negative, progesterone receptor negative, and HER2-negative breast cancer. Although accepted as a clinically valid category, TNBCs are heterogeneous at the histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular levels. Gene expression profiling studies have molecularly classified TNBCs into multiple groups, but the prognostic significance is unclear except for a relatively good prognosis for the luminal androgen receptor (LAR) subtype. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been used as a surrogate for basal and luminal subtypes within TNBC, but prognostication of TNBC using IHC is not routinely performed. We aimed to study immunophenotypic correlations in a well-annotated cohort of consecutive TNBCs, excluding post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy cases. Tissue microarrays were constructed from a total of 245 TNBC cases. IHC stains were performed and consisted of luminal (AR, INPP4B), basal (SOX10, Nestin, CK5, EGFR), and diagnostic (GCDFP15, mammaglobin, GATA3, TRPS1) markers. Survival analysis was performed to assess the significance of clinical pathologic variables including age, histology, grade, lymphovascular invasion [LVI], Nottingham prognostic index [NPI] category, AJCC stage, stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes at 10% increment, CD8+ T-cell count, Ki-67 index, PD-L1 status, and chemotherapy along with the results of IHC markers. Apocrine tumors show prominent reactivity for luminal markers and GCDFP15 while no special type carcinomas are often positive for basal markers. TRPS1 is a sensitive marker of breast carcinoma but shows low or no expression in apocrine tumors. High AJCC stage, lack of chemotherapy, and dual SOX10/AR negativity are associated with worse outcomes on univariable as well as multivariable analysis. LVI and higher NPI category were associated with worse outcomes on univariable but not multivariable analysis. The staining for IHC markers varies based on tumor histology which may be considered in determining breast origin. Notably, we report that SOX10/AR dual negative status in TNBC is associated with a worse prognosis along with AJCC stage, and chemotherapy status.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728170

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was the first to evaluate the effect of CYP3A5*3 gene polymorphisms on plasma concentration of perampanel (PER) in Chinese pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We enrolled 98 patients for this investigation. Plasma PER concentrations were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Leftover samples from standard therapeutic drug monitoring were allocated for genotyping analysis. The primary measure of efficacy was the rate of seizure reduction with PER treatment at the final checkup. RESULTS: The plasma concentration showed a linear correlation with the daily dose taken ( r  = 0.17; P  < 0.05). The ineffective group showed a significantly lower plasma concentration of PER (490.5 ±â€…297.1 vs. 633.8 ±â€…305.5 µg/ml; P  = 0.019). For the mean concentration-to-dose (C/D) ratio, the ineffective group showed a significantly lower C/D ratio of PER (3.2 ±â€…1.7 vs. 3.8 ±â€…2.0; P  = 0.040). The CYP3A5*3 CC genotype exhibited the highest average plasma concentration of PER at 562.8 ±â€…293.9 ng/ml, in contrast to the CT and TT genotypes at 421.1 ±â€…165.6 ng/ml and 260.0 ±â€…36.1 ng/ml. The mean plasma PER concentration was significantly higher in the adverse events group (540.8 ±â€…285.6 vs. 433.0 ±â€…227.2 ng/ml; P  = 0.042). CONCLUSION: The CYP3A5*3 gene's genetic polymorphisms influence plasma concentrations of PER in Chinese pediatric patients with epilepsy. Given that both efficacy and potential toxicity are closely tied to plasma PER levels, the CYP3A5*3 genetic genotype should be factored in when prescribing PER to patients with epilepsy.

11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 486, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, linezolid-resistant staphylococci have become an emerging problem worldwide. Understanding the mechanisms of resistance, molecular epidemiology and transmission of linezolid-resistant CoNS in hospitals is very important. METHODS: The antimicrobial susceptibilities of all isolates were determined by the microdilution method. The resistance mechanisms and molecular characteristics of the strains were determined using whole-genome sequencing and PCR. RESULTS: All the strains were resistant to oxacillin and carried the mecA gene; 13 patients (36.1%) had prior linezolid exposure. Most S. epidermidis and S. hominis isolates were ST22 and ST1, respectively. MLST typing and evolutionary analysis indicated most linezolid-resistant CoNS strains were genetically related. In this study, we revealed that distinct CoNS strains have different mechanisms of linezolid resistance. Among ST22-type S. epidermidis, acquisition of the T2504A and C2534T mutations in the V domain of the 23 S rRNA gene, as well as mutations in the ribosomal proteins L3 (L101V, G152D, and D159Y) and L4 (N158S), were linked to the development of linezolid resistance. In S. cohnii isolates, cfr, S158Y and D159Y mutations in the ribosomal protein L3 were detected. Additionally, emergence of the G2576T mutation and the cfr gene were major causes of linezolid resistance in S. hominis isolates. The cfr gene, G2576T and C2104T mutations, M156T change in L3 protein, and I188S change in L4 protein were found in S. capitis isolates. CONCLUSION: The emergence of linezolid-resistant CoNS in the environment is concerning because it involves clonal dissemination and frequently coexists with various drug resistance mechanisms.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Linezolida , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Linezolida/farmacologia , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Idoso , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Staphylococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus/genética , Staphylococcus/classificação , Staphylococcus/enzimologia , Coagulase/metabolismo , Coagulase/genética , RNA Ribossômico 23S/genética , Adulto , Resistência a Meticilina/genética , Mutação , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4334, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773174

RESUMO

Millirobots must have low cost, efficient locomotion, and the ability to track target trajectories precisely if they are to be widely deployed. With current materials and fabrication methods, achieving all of these features in one millirobot remains difficult. We develop a series of graphene-based helical millirobots by introducing asymmetric light pattern distortion to a laser-induced polymer-to-graphene conversion process; this distortion resulted in the spontaneous twisting and peeling off of graphene sheets from the polymer substrate. The lightweight nature of graphene in combine with the laser-induced porous microstructure provides a millirobot scaffold with a low density and high surface hydrophobicity. Magnetically driven nickel-coated graphene-based helical millirobots with rapid locomotion, excellent trajectory tracking, and precise drug delivery ability were fabricated from the scaffold. Importantly, such high-performance millirobots are fabricated at a speed of 77 scaffolds per second, demonstrating their potential in high-throughput and large-scale production. By using drug delivery for gastric cancer treatment as an example, we demonstrate the advantages of the graphene-based helical millirobots in terms of their long-distance locomotion and drug transport in a physiological environment. This study demonstrates the potential of the graphene-based helical millirobots to meet performance, versatility, scalability, and cost-effectiveness requirements simultaneously.

13.
J Breast Cancer ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769684

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) can guide adjuvant chemotherapy decisions in the multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) of patients with early breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of the 21-gene RS assay on patient' compliance with MDT and its association with disease outcomes. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with pN0-1, hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative breast cancer between January 2013 and June 2019 were enrolled. A logistic regression model was used to identify parameters associated with treatment adherence. Prognostic indicators were evaluated using the Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: After the assay, patients were less likely to violate the treatment plan (14.9% vs. 23.1%, p < 0.001), and higher compliance rates were observed for chemotherapy (p = 0.042), radiotherapy (p = 0.012), and endocrine therapy (p < 0.001). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that the 21-gene RS assay (odds ratio [OR], 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-1.88; p = 0.009) was independently associated with MDT compliance. Moreover, compliance with MDT was independently associated with better disease-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.29-0.64; p < 0.001), regardless of the 21-gene RS assay (interaction p = 0.842). CONCLUSION: The 21-gene RS assay improved the MDT compliance rate in patients with early breast cancer. Adherence to MDT is associated with a better prognosis.

14.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 12(5): e2453, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 46,XY sex reversal 11 (SRXY11) [OMIM#273250] is characterized by genital ambiguity that may range from mild male genital defects to gonadal sex reversal in severe cases. DHX37 is an RNA helicase that has recently been reported as a cause of SRXY11. So far, a total of 21 variants in DHX37 have been reported in 58 cases with 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD). METHODS: Whole exome sequencing (WES) was conducted to screen for variations in patients with 46,XY DSD. The subcellular localization of mutant DHX37 proteins was detected by immunofluorescence. And the levels of mutant DHX37 proteins were detected via Western blotting. RESULTS: A novel pathogenic variant of DHX37 was identified in a patient with 46,XY DSD c.2012G > C (p.Arg671Thr). Bioinformatics analysis showed that the protein function of the variant was impaired. Compared with the structure of the wild-type DHX37 protein, the number of hydrogen bonds and interacting amino acids of the variant protein were changed to varying degrees. In vitro assays revealed that the variant had no significant effect on the intracellular localization of the protein but significantly reduced the expression level of the protein. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding further expands the spectrum of the DHX37 variant and could assist in the molecular diagnosis of 46,XY DSD patients.


Assuntos
RNA Helicases DEAD-box , Transtorno 46,XY do Desenvolvimento Sexual , Humanos , Transtorno 46,XY do Desenvolvimento Sexual/genética , Transtorno 46,XY do Desenvolvimento Sexual/patologia , Masculino , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Feminino , Células HEK293
15.
Adv Mater ; : e2401738, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771624

RESUMO

Metasurface holograms represent a common category of metasurface devices that utilize in-plane phase gradients to shape wavefronts, forming holographic images through the application of the generalized Snell's law (GSL). While conventional metasurfaces focus solely on phase gradients, metagratings, which incorporate higher-order wave diffraction, further expand the GSL's generality. Recent advances in certain acoustic metagratings have demonstrated an updated GSL extension capable of reversing anomalous transmission and reflection, whose reversal is characterized by the parity of the number of wave propagation trips through the metagrating. However, the current extension of GSL has remained limited to one-dimensional metagratings, unable to access two-dimensional (2D) holographic images in three-dimensional (3D) spaces. Here, we investigate the GSL extension to 2D metagratings for manipulating waves within 3D spaces. Through our analysis, we experimentally demonstrate a series of acoustic metagrating holograms. These holographic images exhibit the unique ability to switch between transmission and reflection types independently. Our study introduces an additional dimension to modern holography design and metasurface wavefront manipulation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Cancer Sci ; 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705575

RESUMO

Persistent activation of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-mediated estrogen signaling plays a pivotal role in driving the progression of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer (BC). In the current study, LINC00173, a long non-coding RNA, was found to bind both ERα and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) factor (LITAF), then cooperatively to inhibit ERα protein degradation by impeding the nuclear export of ERα. Concurrently, LITAF was found to attenuate TNFα transcription after binding to LINC00173, and this attenuating transcriptional effect was quite significant under lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Distinct functional disparities between estrogen subtypes emerge, with estradiol synergistically promoting ER+ BC cell growth with LINC00173, while estrone (E1) facilitated LITAF-transcriptional activation. In terms of therapeutic significance, silencing LINC00173 alongside moderate addition of E1 heightened TNFα and induced apoptosis, effectively inhibiting ER+ BC progression.

17.
Biomaterials ; 309: 122599, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703409

RESUMO

Development of bioadhesives that can be facilely delivered by endoscope and exhibit instant and robust adhesion with gastric tissues to promote gastric ulcer healing remains challenging. In this study, an advanced bioadhesive is prepared through free radical polymerization of ionized N-acryloyl phenylalanine (iAPA) and N-[tris (hydroxymethyl) methyl] acrylamide (THMA). The precursory polymer solution exhibits low viscosity with the capability for endoscope delivery, and the hydrophilic-hydrophobic transition of iAPA upon exposure to gastric acid can trigger gelation through phenyl groups assisted multiple hydrogen bonds formation and repel water molecules on tissue surface to establish favorable environment for interfacial interactions between THMA and functional groups on tissues. The in-situ formed hydrogel features excellent stability in acid environment (14 days) and exhibits firm wet adhesion to gastric tissue (33.4 kPa), which can efficiently protect the wound from the stimulation of gastric acid and pepsin. In vivo studies reveal that the bioadhesive can accelerate the healing of ulcers by inhibiting inflammation and promoting capillary formation in the acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model in rats. Our work may provide an effective solution for the treatment of gastric ulcers clinically.

18.
Sci Immunol ; 9(95): eadk0865, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701189

RESUMO

Dysregulated B cell cytokine production contributes to pathogenesis of immune-mediated diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS); however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study we investigated how cytokine secretion by pro-inflammatory (GM-CSF-expressing) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10-expressing) B cells is regulated. Pro-inflammatory human B cells required increased oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) compared with anti-inflammatory B cells. OXPHOS reciprocally modulated pro- and anti-inflammatory B cell cytokines through regulation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) signaling. Partial inhibition of OXPHOS or ATP-signaling including with BTK inhibition resulted in an anti-inflammatory B cell cytokine shift, reversed the B cell cytokine imbalance in patients with MS, and ameliorated neuroinflammation in a myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced experimental autoimmune encephalitis mouse model. Our study identifies how pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines are metabolically regulated in B cells and identifies ATP and its metabolites as a "fourth signal" that shapes B cell responses and is a potential target for restoring the B cell cytokine balance in autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Citocinas , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental , Inflamação , Esclerose Múltipla , Fosforilação Oxidativa , Animais , Esclerose Múltipla/imunologia , Humanos , Citocinas/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Adulto , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30218, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707421

RESUMO

Background: Epidural nonopioid adjuvants also reduce local anesthetic use. We aimed to test the hypothesis that, compared with the present standard fentanyl, the hourly consumption of local anesthetic was at least as good when dexmedetomidine or esketamine was combined with local anesthetic for patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). Methods: A total of 120 laboring nulliparous subjects requiring labor analgesia were recruited for the final statistical analysis. Subjects were randomized to receive 0.075 % ropivacaine added with one of three equivalent adjuvants: 0.4 µg/mL fentanyl, 0.4 µg/mL dexmedetomidine, or 1.0 mg/mL esketamine. The primary outcome was hourly ropivacaine consumption. Compared with the fentanyl group, a 20 % difference in hourly local anesthetic consumption between the dexmedetomidine and esketamine groups was considered a clinical difference (non-inferiority margin). Results: The hourly ropivacaine consumption of the fentanyl group was 12.4 (95 % confidence interval CI 11.2 to 13.6) ml/h, so the prespecified non-inferiority limit was 2.5 ml/h. The hourly ropivacaine consumption of the fentanyl group was not inferior to that of the dexmedetomidine group (12.4 ml/h vs. 11.9 ml/h, risk difference, 0.5; 95 % confidence interval CI, -1.0 to 2.0, meeting criteria for non-inferiority). However, the hourly ropivacaine consumption of the esketamine group was 14.3 ml/h, and that of the fentanyl group was 12.4 ml/h (risk difference, 1.9, 95 % CI, 0.2 to 3.6), failing to confirm non-inferiority with a non-inferiority margin of 20 %. The incidence of pruritus was highest in the fentanyl group, whereas the occurrence of mild dizziness was highest in the esketamine group. Conclusions: In setting of the conditions of this study, epidural dexmedetomidine was non-inferior compared with epidural fentanyl in combination with ropivacaine for PCEA during labor. Meanwhile, we failed to establish the non-inferiority of epidural esketamine compared with epidural fentanyl in combination with ropivacaine for labor analgesia.

20.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 670: 61-72, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759269

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs) hold great potential as future energy storage technology, but their widespread application is hampered by the slow polysulfide conversion kinetics and the sulfur loss during cycling. In this study, we detail a one-step approach to growing tungsten phosphide (WP) nanoparticles on the surface of nitrogen and phosphorus co-doped carbon nanosheets (WP@NPC). We further demonstrate that this material provides outstanding performance as a multifunctional separator in LSBs, enabling higher sulfur utilization and exceptional rate performance. These excellent properties are associated with the abundance of lithium polysulfide (LiPS) adsorption and catalytic conversion sites and rapid ion transport capabilities. Experimental data and density functional theory calculations demonstrate tungsten to have a sulfophilic character while nitrogen and phosphorus provide lithiophilic sites that prevent the loss of LiPSs. Furthermore, WP regulates the LiPS catalytic conversion, accelerating the Li-S redox kinetics. As a result, LSBs containing a polypropylene separator coated with a WP@NPC layer show capacities close to 1500 mAh/g at 0.1C and coulombic efficiencies above 99.5 % at 3C. Batteries with high sulfur loading, 4.9 mg cm-2, are further produced to validate their superior cycling stability. Overall, this work demonstrates the use of multifunctional separators as an effective strategy to promote LSB performance.

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