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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(11)2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38893834

RESUMO

Phosphates play a crucial role in drug design, but their negative charge and high polarity make the transmembrane transport of phosphate species challenging. This leads to poor bioavailability of phosphate drugs. Combretastatin-A4 phosphate (CA4P) is such an anticancer monoester phosphate compound, but its absorption and clinical applicability are greatly limited. Therefore, developing carrier systems to effectively deliver phosphate drugs like CA4P is essential. Anion receptors have been found to facilitate the transmembrane transport of anions through hydrogen bonding. In this study, we developed a tripodal hexaurea anion receptor (L1) capable of binding anionic CA4P through hydrogen bonding, with a binding constant larger than 104 M-1 in a DMSO/water mixed solvent. L1 demonstrated superior binding ability compared to other common anions, and exhibited negligible cell cytotoxicity, making it a promising candidate for future use as a carrier for drug delivery.

2.
Biochem Pharmacol ; : 116372, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38885773

RESUMO

MicroRNA and mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) play an important role in the myocardial apoptosis induced by acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the target relationship and underlying mechanism associated with interorganelle interaction between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria under ischemic condition is not completely clear. MI-induced injury, Mfn2 expression, Mfn2-mediated mitochondrial function and ER stress, and target regulation by miRNA-15b (miR-15b) were evaluated by animal MI and cellular hypoxic models with advanced molecular techniques. The results confirmed that Mfn2 was down-regulated and miR-15b was up-regulated upon the target binding profile under ischemic/hypoxic condition. Our data showed that miR-15b caused cardiac apoptotic injury that was reversed by rAAV9-anti-miR-15b or AMO-15b. The damage effect of miR-15b on Mfn2 expression and mitochondrial function was observed and rescued by rAAV9-anti-miR-15b or AMO-15b. The targeted regulation of miR-15b on Mfn2 was verified by luciferase reporter and microRNA-masking. Importantly, miR-15b-mediated Mfn2 suppression activated PERK/CHOP pathway, by which leads to ER stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, and cardiac apoptosis eventually. In conclusion, our research, for the first time, revealed the missing molecular link in Mfn2 and apoptosis and elucidated that pro-apoptotic miR-15b plays crucial roles during the pathogenesis of AMI through down-regulation of Mfn2 and activation of PERK-mediated ER stress. These findings may provide an opportunity to develop new therapies for prophylaxis and treatment of ischemic heart disease.

3.
Pharmacol Rev ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866561

RESUMO

Cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) are major contributors to global mortality, emphasizing the critical need for novel therapeutic interventions. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has garnered enormous attention as a significant gasotransmitter with various physiological, pathophysiological, and pharmacological impacts within mammalian cardiometabolic systems. In addition to its roles in attenuating oxidative stress and inflammatory response, burgeoning research emphasizes the significance of H2S in regulating proteins via persulfidation, a well-known modification intricately associated with the pathogenesis of CMDs This review seeks to investigate recent updates on the physiological actions of endogenous H2S and the pharmacological roles of various H2S donors in addressing diverse aspects of CMDs across cellular, animal, and clinical studies. Of note, advanced methodologies including multi-omics, intestinal microflora analysis, organoid and single-cell sequencing techniques are gaining traction due to their ability to offer comprehensive insights into biomedical research. These emerging approaches hold promise in characterizing the pharmacological roles of H2S in health and diseases. We will critically assesse the current literatures to clarify the roles of H2S in diseases while also delineating the opportunities and challenges they present in H2S-based pharmacotherapy for CMDs. Significance Statement The comprehensive review covers recent developments in H2S biology and pharmacology in CMDs. Endogenous H2S and its donors show great promise for the management of CMDs by regulating numerous proteins and signaling pathways. The emergence of new technologies will considerably advance the pharmacological research and clinical translation of H2S.

4.
Am J Hypertens ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (BP) in middle-aged and older adults is associated with lower brain volume and cortical thickness assessed with structural MRI. However, little evidence is available in young adults. We investigated the associations of high BP with brain volumes and cortical thickness in healthy young adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1095 young adults (54% women, 22-37 years) from the Human Connectome Project (HCP) who self-reported not having a history of hypertension or taking antihypertensive medications. Brachial systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were measured with semi-automatic or manual sphygmomanometer during study visits. Structural MRI was used to measure gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume and mean cortical thickness. Associations of BP and hypertension stage with total and regional brain volumes and cortical thickness were analyzed using linear regression and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) after adjusting for age, sex, education years, body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol consumption history, zygosity, and total intracranial volume. RESULTS: SBP and DBP were (mean ± SD) 123.6 ± 14.2 and 76.5 ± 10.6 mmHg, respectively (n = 1095). High DBP was associated with lower total GM (p = 0.012), cortical GM (p = 0.004), subcortical GM (p = 0.012), and total WM volumes (p = 0.031). High SBP and DBP were associated with lower regional cortical volume and cortical thickness. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that high BP may have deleterious effects on brain health at the early stage of adulthood.

5.
Lancet Oncol ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PD-1 blockade is highly efficacious for mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancer in both metastatic and neoadjuvant settings. We aimed to explore the activity and safety of neoadjuvant therapy with PD-1 blockade plus an angiogenesis inhibitor and the feasibility of organ preservation in patients with locally advanced mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancer. METHODS: We initiated a single-arm, open-label, phase 2 trial (NEOCAP) at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center and the Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Patients aged 18-75 years with untreated mismatch repair-deficient or microsatellite instability-high or POLE/POLD1-mutated locally advanced colorectal cancer (cT3 or N+ for rectal cancer, and T3 with invasion ≥5mm or T4, with or without N+ for colon cancer) and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score of 0-1 were enrolled and given 200 mg camrelizumab intravenously on day 1 and 250 mg apatinib orally from day 1-14, every 3 weeks for 3 months followed by surgery or 6 months if patients did not have surgery. Patients who had a clinical complete response did not undergo surgery and proceeded with a watch-and-wait approach. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a pathological or clinical complete response. Eligible enrolled patients who received at least one cycle of neoadjuvant treatment and had at least one tumour response assessment following the baseline assessment were included in the activity analysis, and patients who received at least one dose of study drug were included in the safety analysis. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04715633) and is ongoing. FINDINGS: Between Sept 29, 2020, and Dec 15, 2022, 53 patients were enrolled; one patient was excluded from the activity analysis because they were found to be mismatch repair-proficient and microsatellite-stable. 23 (44%) patients were female and 29 (56%) were male. The median follow-up was 16·4 (IQR 10·5-23·5) months. 28 (54%; 95% CI 35-68) patients had a clinical complete response and 24 of these patients were managed with a watch-and-wait approach, including 20 patients with colon cancer and multiple primary colorectal cancer. 23 (44%) of 52 patients underwent surgery for the primary tumour, and 14 (61%; 95% CI 39-80) had a pathological complete response. 38 (73%; 95% CI 59-84) of 52 patients had a complete response. Grade 3-5 adverse events occurred in 20 (38%) of 53 patients; the most common were increased aminotransferase (six [11%]), bowel obstruction (four [8%]), and hypertension (four [8%]). Drug-related serious adverse events occurred in six (11%) of 53 patients. One patient died from treatment-related immune-related hepatitis. INTERPRETATION: Neoadjuvant camrelizumab plus apatinib show promising antitumour activity in patients with locally advanced mismatch repair-deficient or microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancer. Immune-related adverse events should be monitored with the utmost vigilance. Organ preservation seems promising not only in patients with rectal cancer, but also in those with colon cancer who have a clinical complete response. Longer follow-up is needed to assess the oncological outcomes of the watch-and-wait approach. FUNDING: The National Natural Science Foundation of China, Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation, and the Cancer Innovative Research Program of Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.

6.
Cell Rep ; 43(6): 114338, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850530

RESUMO

The game between therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and continuously emerging severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants has favored the virus, as most therapeutic mAbs have been evaded. Addressing this challenge, we systematically explored a reproducible bispecific antibody (bsAb)-dependent synergistic effect in this study. It could effectively restore the neutralizing activity of the bsAb when any of its single mAbs is escaped by variants. This synergy is primarily attributed to the binding angle of receptor-binding domain (RBD)-5, facilitating inter-spike cross-linking and promoting cryptic epitope exposure that classical antibody cocktails cannot achieve. Furthermore, RBD-5 with RBD-2, RBD-6, and RBD-7, alongside RBD-8, also exhibit significantly enhanced effects. This study not only shifts the paradigm in understanding antibody interactions but paves the way for developing more effective therapeutic antibodies against rapidly mutating SARS-CoV-2, with Dia-19 already showing promise against emerging variants like BA.2.86, EG.5.1, and JN.1.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 474: 134786, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824778

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as environmental pollutants were associated with respiratory diseases. Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) was characterized by an increase of extracellular matrix, leading to deterioration of lung function. The adverse effects on lung and the potential mechanism underlying VOCs induced PF had not been elucidated clearly. In this study, the indoor VOCs exposure mouse model along with an ex vivo biosensor assay was established. Based on scRNA-seq analysis, the adverse effects on lung and potential molecular mechanism were studied. Herein, the results showed that VOCs exposure from indoor decoration contributed to decreased lung function and facilitated pulmonary fibrosis in mice. Then, the whole lung cell atlas after VOCs exposure and the heterogeneity of fibroblasts were revealed. We explored the molecular interactions among various pulmonary cells, suggesting that endothelial cells contributed to fibroblasts activation in response to VOCs exposure. Mechanistically, pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (MPVECs) secreted Gas6 after VOCs-induced PANoptosis phenotype, bound to the Axl in fibroblasts, and then activated fibroblasts. Moreover, Atf3 as the key gene negatively regulated PANoptosis phenotype to ameliorate fibrosis induced by VOCs exposure. These novel findings provided a new perspective about MPVECs could serve as the initiating factor of PF induced by VOCs exposure.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 281: 116595, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38878561

RESUMO

The koi carp is an ornamental fish that was obtained through artificial selection from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The most economically important traits of koi are their beautiful skin patterns in bright colors. As seasonality is an important factor in the biology and ecology of fish, we thus assumed that seasonal changes are involved in regulating the formation of skin color and patterns of koi carp. The white, red, cyan, and black skin colors from four varieties of scaleless koi carp (Doitsu Shiromuji (W), Doitsu Kohaku (WR), Doitsu Showa Sanke (WRI), and Kumonryu (WI)) were evaluated using the CIELab color space (lightness, redness, and yellowness) in different seasons. Compared to winter, the yellowness of the white color in all koi varieties decreased in summer and autumn. The black skin color areas in WRI and WI koi increased in summer and autumn compared to winter. The yellowness of the red color decreased only in WRI koi, while no changes were observed in WR koi. Targeted metabolomics analysis revealed that the levels of the structural pigment guanine of all koi varieties showed significant seasonal variation. Of seven detected carotenoids, the zeaxanthin and tunaxanthin contents in W, WI, and WRI koi changed with the seasons, while none of the carotenoids in WR koi were altered. Of the seven potential regulatory metabolites, epinephrine, melatonin, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in all four koi varieties showed the highest levels in winter. A correlation analysis suggested that the seasonal changes in white skin color occurred through the epinephrine-cAMP pathway; melanin-dependent and carotenoid-dependent skin color changes occurred through melatonin in koi carp. This study demonstrated the seasonal plasticity of skin color in koi carp regulated by melatonin and epinephrine, associating with variety and color specificity.

9.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0303170, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the potential causal relationship between autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, and Type 1 diabetes, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). By utilizing the two-sample Mendelian Randomization (MR) approach, we endeavor to address this complex medical issue. METHODS: Genome-wide association study (GWAS) data for autoimmune diseases and AMD were obtained from the IEU Open GWAS database and the FinnGen consortium. A series of stringent SNP filtering steps was applied to ensure the reliability of the genetic instruments. MR analyses were conducted using the TwoSampleMR and MR-PRESSO packages in R. The inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method served as the primary analysis, complemented by multiple supplementary analyses and sensitivity tests. RESULTS: Within the discovery sample, only a statistically significant inverse causal relationship between multiple sclerosis (MS) and AMD was observed (OR = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.88-0.97, P = 0.003). This finding was confirmed in the replication sample (OR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.80-0.89, P = 3.32×10-12). No statistically significant associations were detected between systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and Type 1 diabetes and AMD. CONCLUSION: Strong evidence is provided by this study to support the existence of an inverse causal relationship between multiple sclerosis and age-related macular degeneration. However, no causal evidence was found linking other autoimmune diseases with AMD. These findings not only offer novel insights into the potential etiological mechanisms underlying AMD but also suggest possible directions for future clinical interventions.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Degeneração Macular , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Esclerose Múltipla/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Masculino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Feminino
10.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 225: 116327, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823457

RESUMO

With the progressive aging of society, there is an increasing prevalence of age-related diseases that pose a threat to the elderly's quality of life. Adipose tissue, a vital energy reservoir with endocrine functions, is one of the most vulnerable tissues in aging, which in turn influences systematic aging process, including metabolic dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanism is still poorly understood. In this study, we found that NRG4, a novel adipokine, is obviously decreased in adipocyte tissues and serums during aging. Moreover, delivered recombinant NRG4 protein (rNRG4) into aged mice can ameliorate age-associated insulin resistance, glucose disorders and other metabolic disfunction. In addition, rNRG4 treatment alleviates age-associated hepatic steatosis and sarcopenia, accompanied with altered gene signatures. Together, these results indicate that NRG4 plays a key role in the aging process and is a therapeutic target for the treatment of age-associated metabolic dysfunction.


Assuntos
Adipócitos , Envelhecimento , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurregulinas , Animais , Camundongos , Neurregulinas/metabolismo , Neurregulinas/genética , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Sarcopenia/metabolismo , Sarcopenia/prevenção & controle , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia
11.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 53(3): 455-464, 2024 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of 11 nutritional components(thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, biotin, choline, L-carnitine) in liquid milk. METHODS: Milk samples were shaken with 20 mmol/L ammonium formate solution and heated in a water bath at 100 ℃ for 30 min, then incubated with papain and acid phosphatase at 45 ℃ for 16 h, the lower liquid was collected after centrifugation for analysis. UPLC separation was performed on an ACQUITY~(TM) HSS T3(3.0 mm×150 mm, 1.8 µm) column, 2 mmol/L ammonium formate(containing 0.1% formic acid) solution and acetonitrile(containing 0.1% formic acid) were used as mobile phase. Quantitative detection was performed by internal standard method. RESULTS: 11 nutritional components can be effectively separated and detected in 12 min, and the linear correlation coefficients(R~2) were all above 0.995. The limits of detection(LODs) were between 0.05 and 0.50 µg/L, and the limits of quantification(LOQs) were between 0.20 and 1.25 µg/L. The recovery rates of three-level addition were 85.6%-119.3%, and the precision RSDs were between 3.68% and 7.82%(n=6). Based on the detection of 60 liquid milk samples from 5 different animals, it was found that the contents of 11 nutrients in liquid milk from different milk sources were significantly different, but pyridoxine could not be detected. CONCLUSION: The method can quantitatively detect 11 water-soluble nutrients, including free and bound forms, by effective enzymolysis. It is sensitive, reproducible and can meet the needs of quantitative detection.


Assuntos
Leite , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Leite/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Niacinamida/análise , Riboflavina/análise , Nutrientes/análise , Ácido Pantotênico/análise , Bovinos , Piridoxina/análise , Niacina/análise , Carnitina/análise
12.
bioRxiv ; 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826454

RESUMO

Gene circuits within the same host cell often experience coupling, stemming from the competition for limited resources during transcriptional and translational processes. This resource competition introduces an additional layer of noise to gene expression. Here we present three multi-module antithetic control strategies: negatively competitive regulation (NCR) controller, alongside local and global controllers, aimed at reducing the gene expression noise within the context of resource competition. Through stochastic simulations and fluctuation-dissipation theorem (FDT) analysis, our findings highlight the superior performance of the NCR antithetic controller in reducing noise levels. Our research provides an effective control strategy for attenuating resource-driven noise and offers insight into the development of robust gene circuits.

13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12884, 2024 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839838

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to develop a real-time risk prediction model for extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR). A total of 2514 very preterm infants were allocated into a training set and an external validation set. The most appropriate independent variables were screened using univariate analysis and Lasso regression with tenfold cross-validation, while the prediction model was designed using binary multivariate logistic regression. A visualization of the risk variables was created using a nomogram, while the calibration plot and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to calibrate the prediction model. Clinical efficacy was assessed using the decision curve analysis (DCA) curves. Eight optimal predictors that namely birth weight, small for gestation age (SGA), hypertensive disease complicating pregnancy (HDCP), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), multiple births, cumulative duration of fasting, growth velocity and postnatal corticosteroids were introduced into the logistic regression equation to construct the EUGR prediction model. The area under the ROC curve of the training set and the external verification set was 83.1% and 84.6%, respectively. The calibration curve indicate that the model fits well. The DCA curve shows that the risk threshold for clinical application is 0-95% in both set. Introducing Birth weight, SGA, HDCP, GDM, Multiple births, Cumulative duration of fasting, Growth velocity and Postnatal corticosteroids into the nomogram increased its usefulness for predicting EUGR risk in very preterm infants.


Assuntos
Idade Gestacional , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Curva ROC , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gravidez , Masculino , Nomogramas , Peso ao Nascer , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Risco , Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/diagnóstico , Modelos Logísticos
15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1377090, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38883604

RESUMO

As an important gas signaling molecule, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) affects multiple organ systems, including the nervous, cardiovascular, digestive, and genitourinary, reproductive systems. In particular, H2S not only regulates female reproductive function but also holds great promise in the treatment of male reproductive diseases and disorders, such as erectile dysfunction, prostate cancer, varicocele, and infertility. In this review, we summarize the relationship between H2S and male reproductive organs, including the penis, testis, prostate, vas deferens, and epididymis. As lower urinary tract symptoms have a significant impact on penile erection disorders, we also address the potential ameliorative effects of H2S in erectile dysfunction resulting from bladder disease. Additionally, we discuss the regulatory role of H2S in cavernous smooth muscle relaxation, which involves the NO/cGMP pathway, the RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway, and K+ channel activation. Recently, various compounds that can alleviate erectile dysfunction have been reported to be at least partly dependent on H2S. Therefore, understanding the role of H2S in the male reproductive system may help develop novel strategies for the clinical treatment of male reproductive system diseases.


Assuntos
Genitália Masculina , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Genitália Masculina/metabolismo , Animais , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Erétil/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
16.
J Clin Anesth ; 97: 111509, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sugammadex, a selective steroidal neuromuscular blocking agent reversal agent, is increasingly employed for the rapid restoration of neuromuscular function. This study aimed to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of sugammadex's safety profile. METHODS: Adverse events (AEs) related to sugammadex reported in the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database from January 2009 to September 2023 were extracted. Disproportionality analysis with four measures: reporting odds ratio (ROR), proportional reporting ratio (PRR), Bayesian confidence propagation neural network (BCPNN), and multi-item gamma Poisson shrinker (MGPS) were employed to detect significant AEs. We also inspected for unexpected AEs absent from the sugammadex FDA approval documentation and categorized AEs based on the latest version (26.1) of 'Important Medical Event Terms List (IME list)' developed by the EudraVigilance Expert Working Group. RESULTS: A total of 1452 reports were linked to sugammadex. At the preferred terms (PTs) levels, 98 sugammadex-related AEs were identified, including "anaphylactic reaction", "bradycardia", "bronchospasm" and "cardiac arrest". Among them, 37 representing unexpected events were absent from official FDA labeling, and 50 AEs were recognized as IME warranting observation. Notably, 19 PTs denoted serious AEs were absent from labeling yet needing IME surveillance, including: "Kounis syndrome", "angioedema", "pulseless electrical activity" and "laryngeal edema". CONCLUSION: The study identified unexpected and potentially life-threatening AEs associated with sugammadex, a valuable agent for rapidly reversing neuromuscular blockade. Clinicians are advised to be mindful of these potential risks, particularly in patients with allergies or existing cardiovascular or respiratory conditions.

17.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; : 104151, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880307

RESUMO

Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are a family of pattern recognition receptors that play a critical role in the immune response of invertebrates and vertebrates. Herein, the short ApPGRP-D gene was cloned from the model lepidopteran Antheraea pernyi. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) confirmed that ApPGRP-D is an immune-related protein and that the expression of ApPGRP-D can be induced by microorganisms. ApPGRP-D is a broad-spectrum pattern recognition protein that activates the prophenoloxidase cascade activation system and promotes the agglutination of microbial cells. Likely due to its amidase activity, ApPGRP-D can inhibit the growth of E. coli and S. aureus. In addition, we demonstrated for the first time that zinc ions, as important metal coenzymes, could promote multiple functions of ApPGRP-D but not its amidase activity.

18.
Res Sq ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38883762

RESUMO

Apoptotic vesicles (apoVs) play a vital role in various pathological conditions; however, we have yet to fully understand their precise biological effects in rescuing impaired mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and regulating tissue homeostasis. Here, we proved that systemic infusion of bone marrow MSCs derived from wild-type (WT) mice effectively improved the osteopenia phenotype and hyperimmune state in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. Importantly, the WT MSCs rescued the impairment of OVX MSCs both in vivo and in vitro , whereas OVX MSCs did not show the same efficacy. Interestingly, treatment with apoVs derived from WT MSCs (WT apoVs) restored the impaired biological function of OVX MSCs and their ability to improve osteoporosis. This effect was not observed with OVX MSCs-derived apoVs (OVX apoVs) treatment. Mechanistically, the reduced miR-145a-5p expression hindered the osteogenic differentiation and immunomodulatory capacity of OVX MSCs by affecting the TGF-ß/Smad 2/3-Wnt/ß-catenin signaling axis, resulting in the development of osteoporosis. WT apoVs directly transferred miR-145a-5p to OVX MSCs, which were then reused to restore their impaired biological functions. Conversely, treatment with OVX apoVs did not produce significant effects due to their limited expression of miR-145a-5p. Overall, our findings unveil the remarkable potential of apoVs in rescuing the biological function and therapeutic capability of MSCs derived from individuals with diseases. This discovery offers a new avenue for exploring apoVs-based MSC engineering and expands the application scope of stem cell therapy, contributing to the maintenance of bone homeostasis through a previously unrecognized mechanism.

19.
J Arthroplasty ; 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Modular reconstruction systems based on porous tantalum (PT) prosthetic components have been increasingly used for the treatment of complex acetabular bone defects in revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA). We report a novel technique that applies a revision cup as a "super-augment" to form a "double-cup" construct for Paprosky type III defects. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted on rTHA cases, comparing those treated with double-cup constructs (DC group, n = 48) to those treated with PT shells and augments (PT group, n = 48). All procedures were performed at the same institute between 2017 and 2022. Clinical outcome evaluation utilized the Harris Hip Score (HHS), Oxford Hip Score (OHS), and 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36). Preoperative and postoperative radiographic assessments measured hip center of rotation (COR) position and leg length discrepancy (LLD). Additionally, postoperative complications and implant survivorship were monitored during the follow-up period. RESULTS: The clinical outcomes improved substantially in both groups, which showed no significant difference in HHS (P = 0.786), OHS (P = 0.570), and SF-36 (P = 0.691). Compared to the PT group, the reconstruction COR was significantly closer to the anatomic COR (vertical distance: 2.630 versus 7.355 mm, P = 0.0034; horizontal distance: 1.881 versus -6.413 mm, P < 0.0001) in Paprosky IIIB type defects. Additionally, postoperative LLD was less in the DC group (-8.252 versus -1.821 mm, P = 0.0008). Dislocation was the main complication in the DC group, and only one patient received re-revision due to repeated dislocation. The cumulative survival rate of the DC group (100%; 95% CI [confidence interval] 100) was better than the PT group (83.4%; 95% CI 70.5 to 98.6) when re-revisions for aseptic loosening were the endpoint (P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: The double-cup construct is a reliable revision technique for the reconstruction of Paprosky type III bone defects. Although dislocation remains challenging, the biomechanically superior restoration achieved by this technique lowers the risk of aseptic loosening.

20.
Open Life Sci ; 19(1): 20220874, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840891

RESUMO

Lung cancer (LC) is regarded as a fatal cancer, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and its receptor (IGF1R) have been found to play a key role in regulating tumor glycolytic metabolism. The aim of this study is to investigate LC proliferation regulated by metabolite-mediated IGF1R lactylation. IGF1R was highly expressed in LC tissues and cells, and the effects of IGF1R on protein stability were inhibited by Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) inhibition. Moreover, the tightness of IGF1R binding to IGF1 was also enhanced by exogenous lactic acid but suppressed by LDHA silencing, while cell viability and proliferation were promoted by over-expression of IGF1R. Exogenous lactic acid further exacerbated the effects of the IGF1R gene, while LDHA knocking down reduced the IGF1R-induced malignant behaviors. The IGF1R and exogenous lactic acid were also found to increase extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) and decrease oxygen consumption rate to regulate glycolysis, which was inhibited by LDHA deficiency in LC cells. The study concluded that IGF1R-mediated aggressive behaviors of LC cells were associated with higher levels of IGF1R lactylation. Moreover, lactic acid can improve the protein stability of the IGF1R oncogene, thus promoting glycolysis and generating lactic acid, forming a closed loop. Therefore, targeting IGF1R is envisaged to provide a novel strategy for developing therapeutic agents against LC.

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