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1.
Cancer Imaging ; 21(1): 2, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the predictive CT imaging features for diagnosis in patients with primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinomas (PMECs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT imaging features of 37 patients with primary PMECs, 76 with squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and 78 with adenocarcinomas were retrospectively reviewed. The difference of CT features among the PMECs, SCCs and adenocarcinomas was analyzed using univariate analysis, followed by multinomial logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: CT imaging features including tumor size, location, margin, shape, necrosis and degree of enhancement were significant different among the PMECs, SCCs and adenocarcinomas, as determined by univariate analysis (P < 0.05). Only lesion location, shape, margin and degree of enhancement remained independent factors in multinomial logistic regression analysis. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under curve of the obtained multinomial logistic regression model was 0.805 (95%CI: 0.704-0.906). CONCLUSION: The prediction model derived from location, margin, shape and degree of enhancement can be used for preoperative diagnosis of PMECs.

2.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 16, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The watch-and-wait strategy offers a non-invasive therapeutic alternative for rectal cancer patients who have achieved a clinical complete response (cCR) after chemoradiotherapy. This study aimed to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of this strategy in comparation to surgical resection. METHODS: Stage II/III rectal adenocarcinoma patients who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and achieved a cCR were selected from the databases of three centers. cCR was evaluated by findings from digital rectal examination, colonoscopy, and radiographic images. Patients in whom the watch-and-wait strategy was adopted were matched with patients who underwent radical resection through 1:1 propensity score matching analyses. Survival was calculated and compared in the two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log rank test. RESULTS: A total of 117 patients in whom the watch-and-wait strategy was adopted were matched with 354 patients who underwent radical resection. After matching, there were 94 patients in each group, and no significant differences in term of age, sex, T stage, N stage or tumor location were observed between the two groups. The median follow-up time was 38.2 months. Patients in whom the watch-and-wait strategy was adopted exhibited a higher rate of local recurrences (14.9% vs. 1.1%), but most (85.7%) were salvageable. Three-year non-regrowth local recurrence-free survival was comparable between the two groups (98% vs. 98%, P = 0.506), but the watch-and-wait group presented an obvious advantage in terms of sphincter preservation, especially in patients with a tumor located within 3 cm of the anal verge (89.7% vs. 41.2%, P < 0.001). Three-year distant metastasis-free survival (88% in the watch-and-wait group vs. 89% in the surgical group, P = 0.874), 3-year disease-specific survival (99% vs. 96%, P = 0.643) and overall survival (99% vs. 96%, P = 0.905) were also comparable between the two groups, although a higher rate (35.7%) of distant metastases was observed in patients who exhibited local regrowth in the watch-and-wait group. CONCLUSION: The watch-and-wait strategy was safe, with similar survival outcomes but a superior sphincter preservation rate as compared to surgery in rectal cancer patients achieving a cCR after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, and could be offered as a promising conservative alternative to invasive radical surgery.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434612

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To construct and validate a predicting genotype signature for pathologic complete response (pCR) in locally advanced rectal cancer (PGS-LARC) after neoadjuvant chemoradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Whole exome sequencing was performed in 15 LARC tissues. Mutation sites were selected according to the WES data and literature. Target sequencing was performed in a training cohort (n=202) to build the PGS-LARC model using regression analysis, and an internal (n=76) and external validation cohorts (n=69) was used for validating the results. Predictive performance of the PGS-LARC model was compared with clinical factors and between subgroups. The PGS-LARC model comprised of 15 genes. RESULTS: The area under curve (AUC) of the PGS model in the training, internal and external validation cohorts was 0.776 (0.697-0.849), 0.760 (0.644-0.867) and 0.812 (0.690-0.915), respectively, and demonstrated higher AUC, accuracy, sensitivity and specificity than cT stage, cN stage, CEA level and CA19-9 level for pCR prediction. The predictive performance of the model was superior to clinical factors in all subgroups. For patients with clinical complete response (cCR), the positive prediction value (PPV) was 94.7%. CONCLUSION: The PGS-LARC is a reliable predictive tool for pCR in patients with LARC and might be helpful to enable non-operative management (NOM) strategy in those patients who refuse surgery. It has the potential to guide treatment decisions for patients with different probability of tumor regression after neoadjuvant therapy, especially when combining cCR criteria and PGS-LARC.

4.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central arterial stiffness is an emerging risk factor of age-related cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that carotid arterial stiffness is associated with reduced cerebral blood flow (CBF) and increased cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a prodromal stage of AD. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with amnestic MCI and 24 cognitively normal subjects (CN) of similar age and sex to MCI patients underwent measurements of CBF and carotid ß-stiffness index using ultrasonography and applanation tonometry. Total CBF was measured as the sum of CBF from both the internal carotid and vertebral arteries, and divided by total brain tissue mass (assessed with MRI) to obtain normalized CBF (nCBF). RESULTS: Relative to CN subjects, MCI patients showed lower nCBF (53.3 ± 3.2 vs 50.4±3.4 mL/100 g/min, P < 0.001) and higher CVR (0.143 ± 0.019 vs 0.156 ± 0.023 mmHg/mL/min, P < 0.015). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that nCBF was negatively associated with carotid ß-stiffness index (B = -0.822, P < 0.001); CVR was positively associated with carotid systolic pressure (B = 0.001, P < 0.001) after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, and MCI status. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that carotid artery stiffening may contribute at least in part to the reduced nCBF and increased CVR in patients with MCI associated with augmented carotid arterial pulsatility.

5.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398398

RESUMO

The composition of microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract is closely related to the intestinal microenvironments and the exterior growth environments of host. In this study, 16S rDNA sequencing technology was adopted to investigate the influence of fermentation bed on the cecum microorganisms of ducks. Two feeding density treatment groups were set up, including group A (n = 4brids/m2) and group B (n = 6brids/m2). Samples were collected from the intermediate core fermentation layer (10-20 cm) of the fermented mattress materials and from the intestinal contents of ducks at 4, 6 and 8 weeks, respectively. Results showed that Bacteroidetes (20.12-27.17%) and Ruminococcaceae UCG-014 (2.97-10.1%) were the predominant microorganisms in duck cecum, while the Truepera (5.08-6.29%), Pricia (4.44-5.44%) and Luteimonas (3.62-4.99%) were the dominant microorganisms in fermentation mattress material. The cecum bacteria exhibited great difference among different growth periods of the ducks. Increasing the stocking density of ducks had a negative effect on the beneficial bacteria in the cecum. The microbial populations in fermentation mattress material were very different from that in the cecal. In summary, our findings can provide a scientific data for the rational use of fermentation bed feeding mode in poultry production.

6.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427844

RESUMO

Over the past decades, near infrared light (NIR)-sensitive photothermal agents (PTAs) that can efficiently absorb light and generate heat have been investigated worldwide for cancer photothermal therapy (PTT) and the combination treatments, which have some peculiar advantages including spatiotemporal targeting, the ability-to-reverse multidrug resistance, the immunity-stimulating function, and the synergistic effect in combination treatments. In this review, we first focus on emerging melanin-like polymers and coordination polyphenol polymer-based PTAs that hold transition potential because of their facile synthesis and good biocompatibility/biodegradability. We briefly introduce polymeric PTAs for emerging NIR-II (1000-1700 nm) PTT in deep tumors to overcome shallow penetration depth and threshold irradiation intensity of NIR-I (700-900 nm). Then we discuss polymeric PTAs for combination PTT treatments with photodynamic therapy (PDT), ferroptosis therapy (ferrotherapy), and immunotherapy, which are intensively studied for achieving anticancer synergistic effects. Finally, we discuss those polymeric PTAs for reversing cancer multidrug resistance and for mild/low-temperature PTT (43 °C ≤ T < 50 °C) in contrast to conventional high-temperature PTT (>50 °C). The polymeric PTA-based PTT and the combination treatments are still being developed in the early stage and need much more effort before potential clinical transitions and applications.

7.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421255

RESUMO

Procrastination is a prevalent and universal problematic behavior, largely impairing individual's health, wealth and well-being. Substantial studies have confirmed that conscientiousness, one of the big five personality, showed markedly inverse relation with procrastination. However, it is hitherto unknown about the neural basis underlying the impact of conscientiousness on procrastination. To address this issue, we employed the voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) methods to explore the neural substrates of conscientiousness responsible for procrastination (N = 330). In line with previous findings, the behavioral results showed a strong negative correlation between conscientiousness and procrastination (r = -.75). The VBM analysis found that conscientiousness was positively correlated with gray matter (GM) volumes in the left dorsal-lateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), right orbital frontal cortex (OFC) and right putamen, but negatively correlated with that in the left insula. Moreover, the RSFC results revealed that both dlPFC-IPL (inferior parietal lobule) and dlPFC-PCC (posterior cingulate gyrus) functional connectivity were positively associated with conscientiousness, while the functional connectivity of parahippocampal gyrus (PHC)-putamen and insula-IPL were negatively associated with conscientiousness. More importantly, the structural equation modeling (SEM) integrating RSFC results were well fitted for the influence process of conscientiousness on procrastination by both self-control (i.e., dlPFC-IPL, dlPFC-PCC) and motivation pathways (i.e., PHC-putamen, insula-IPL). The current findings suggest that self-control and motivation could be the two neural pathways underlying the impact of conscientiousness on procrastination, which provides a new perspective to understand the relationship between conscientiousness and procrastination.

8.
Peptides ; 137: 170493, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422647

RESUMO

Studies have shown that arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is an important neuropeptide regulating social behaviors. The present work aimed to detect changes in the AVP numbers and level in a valproic acid (VPA)-induced rat model of autism and the underlying mechanism of its pathogenesis. Our results indicated that infants exposed to VPA showed obviously impaired communication and repetitive behaviors with reduced number of AVP-ir cells in paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The postnatal subcutaneous injection of AVP can alleviate social preference deficits and stereotyped behaviors, accompanied with the increase of the AVP concentrations in the CSF. We concluded that AVP system was involved in etiology of VPA-induced autism-like symptoms and postnatal AVP treatment rescued the behavioral deficits,which could be a promising treatment for autism.

9.
Brain Inj ; : 1-8, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385308

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the feasibility of conducting an aerobic exercise training study in a community setting for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) Methods: This is a prospective, randomized, and controlled study. Nine participants (three moderate-to-severe and six mild TBI) were randomized to a community-based 3-month individualized aerobic exercise training program (AET). Seven participants (four moderate-to-severe, three mild TBI) were randomized to a stretching and toning program (SAT). Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) level was assessed with peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) testing. Results: After 3 months of training, the AET trended toward improved VO2peak when compared with the SAT group (8% vs - 4%, p = .059) with a large effect size of 1.27. Only 50% of participants in the AET group completed more than 70% of the assigned exercise sessions. No adverse events were reported. Both the AET and SAT groups reported small improvements in self-reported mood symptoms, including depression, anxiety, and anger. Conclusions: It is feasible to conduct an exercise training study and improve CRF for persons with TBI in community settings with structured exercise protocols. However, exploring methods to enhance adherence is crucial for future exercise clinical trials to improve brain health in this population.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468479

RESUMO

A novel plasmid-encoded resistance-nodulation-division efflux pump, TMexCD1-TOprJ1, conferring resistance to multiple drugs including tigecycline has been identified in Klebsiella pneumoniae strains recently (1, 2).….

12.
Acta Physiol (Oxf) ; 231(1): e13487, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359222

RESUMO

Hypertension is the primary cause of cardiovascular mortality. Despite multiple existing treatments, only half of those with the disease achieve adequate control. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms causing hypertension is essential for the development of novel therapies. Many studies demonstrate that immune cell infiltration of the vessel wall, kidney and central nervous system, as well as their counterparts of oxidative stress, the renal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and sympathetic tone play a critical role in the development of hypertension. Genetically modified mice lacking components of innate and/or adaptive immunity confirm the importance of chronic inflammation in hypertension and its complications. Depletion of immune cells improves endothelial function, decreases oxidative stress, reduces vascular tone and prevents renal interstitial infiltrates, sodium retention and kidney damage. Moreover, the ablation of microglia or central nervous system perivascular macrophages reduces RAS-induced inflammation and prevents sympathetic nervous system activation and hypertension. Therefore, understanding immune cell functioning and their interactions with tissues that regulate hypertensive responses may be the future of novel antihypertensive therapies.

13.
Cell Res ; 31(1): 25-36, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262452

RESUMO

Structural principles underlying the composition and synergistic mechanisms of protective monoclonal antibody cocktails are poorly defined. Here, we exploited antibody cooperativity to develop a therapeutic antibody cocktail against SARS-CoV-2. On the basis of our previously identified humanized cross-neutralizing antibody H014, we systematically analyzed a fully human naive antibody library and rationally identified a potent neutralizing antibody partner, P17, which confers effective protection in animal model. Cryo-EM studies dissected the nature of the P17 epitope, which is SARS-CoV-2 specific and distinctly different from that of H014. High-resolution structure of the SARS-CoV-2 spike in complex with H014 and P17, together with functional investigations revealed that in a two-antibody cocktail, synergistic neutralization was achieved by S1 shielding and conformational locking, thereby blocking receptor attachment and viral membrane fusion, conferring high potency as well as robustness against viral mutation escape. Furthermore, cluster analysis identified a hypothetical 3rd antibody partner for further reinforcing the cocktail as pan-SARS-CoVs therapeutics.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Epitopos/imunologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/farmacologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/farmacologia , /prevenção & controle , Chlorocebus aethiops , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/farmacologia , Células Vero
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 758: 143654, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277010

RESUMO

Vast reservoirs of antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) are discharged into the environment via pig manure. We used metagenomic analysis to follow the distribution and shifts of ARGs and their bacterial hosts along wastewater treatment in three large pig farms. The predominating ARGs potentially encoded resistance to tetracycline (28.13%), aminoglycosides (23.64%), macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin (MLS) (12.17%), sulfonamides (11.53%), multidrug (8.74%) and chloramphenicol (6.18%). The total relative ARG abundance increased along the treatment pathway prior to anaerobic digestion that had a similar degradative capacity for different ARGs and these ARGs were reduced by about 25% after digestion, but ARGs enriched erratically in manured soils. Distinctive ARG distribution patterns were found according to the three sample locations; feces, soil and wastewater and the differences were primarily due to the tetracycline ARGs (feces > wastewater > soil), sulfonamide ARGs (soil > wastewater > feces) and MLS ARGs (feces > wastewater > soil). Metagenomic assembly-based host analyses indicated the Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes were primary ARG carriers. The Streptococcaceae increased the abundance of multidrug, MLS and aminoglycoside ARGs in feces; Moraxellaceae were the primary contributors to the high abundance of multidrug ARGs in wastewater; the Comamonadaceae led to the higher abundance of bacA in wastewater and soil than feces. We found a high level of heterogeneity for both ARGs and ARG-hosts in the wastewater treatment system and in the agricultural soils for these pig farms.


Assuntos
Esterco , Purificação da Água , Animais , Antibacterianos , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Fazendas , Genes Bacterianos , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Suínos
15.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 57(1): 106226, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212165

RESUMO

The threat of antibiotic resistance has increased dramatically in recent years. Fosfomycin, an old antibiotic agent, has been re-introduced to fight infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-KP). However, the trend of fosfomycin resistance among KPC-KP strains is increasing. In this study, 80 KPC-KP clinical isolates were collected from three teaching hospitals during 2014-2017 in China and were subjected to whole-genome sequencing (WGS). The fosfomycin resistance phenotype and resistance mechanisms were investigated by antimicrobial susceptibility testing and carbon source growth test, respectively. Among all KPC-KP strains, 80.0% (64/80) were resistant to fosfomycin and 36.3% (29/80) were positive for the mobile fosfomycin resistance gene fosA3. Among the 63 strains that were unable to grow in M9 basic medium with glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) as the sole carbon source (mediated by mutation of the target gene glpT), there was no significant difference regarding the MIC distribution of fosfomycin between fosA3-positive and fosA3-negative strains (P = 0.577). Among the 50 strains that were negative for fosA3 but positive for fosA, the fosfomycin MICs of strains unable to grow in M9 basic medium with G3P as the sole carbon source were significantly higher (P < 0.001) than in strains that were able to grow in M9 basic medium with G3P as the sole carbon source. Our findings indicate that fosfomycin resistance among KPC-KP in China is an emerging problem and the two major mechanisms of resistance identified were plasmid-mediated fosfomycin resistance gene fosA3 and mutation of the target gene glpT.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(1): 147-160, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207073

RESUMO

We investigated how Src-homology 2-domain phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) regulates the inflammatory response in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU), and the signalling pathways involved. One week after intravitreal injection of short hairpin RNA targeting SHP-1 or SHP-1 overexpression lentivirus in rats, we induced ocular inflammation with an intravitreal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We then assessed the extent of inflammation and performed full-field electroretinography. The concentrations and retinal expression of various inflammatory mediators were examined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and Western blotting, respectively. SHP-1 overexpression and knockdown were induced in Müller cells to study the role of SHP-1 in the LPS-induced inflammatory response in vitro. Retinal SHP-1 expression was up-regulated by LPS. SHP-1 knockdown exacerbated LPS-induced retinal dysfunction and increased the levels of proinflammatory mediators in the retina, which was abrogated by a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor (SP600125). SHP-1 overexpression had the opposite effects. In Müller cells, the LPS-induced inflammatory response was enhanced by SHP-1 knockdown and suppressed by SHP-1 overexpression. SHP-1 negatively regulated the activation of the transforming growth factor-ß-activated kinase-1 (TAK1)/JNK pathway, but not the nuclear factor-κB pathway. These results indicate that SHP-1 represses EIU, at least in part, by inhibiting the TAK1/JNK pathway and suggest that SHP-1 is a potential therapeutic target for uveitis.

17.
Phytochemistry ; 182: 112597, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341030

RESUMO

Seven pairs of undescribed enantiomeric bis-coumarins, (±)-dievodialetins A-G, were separated from the roots of Evodia lepta Merr. Two coumarin nuclei were linked via a 1,4-dimethyl4-vinylcyclohexene moiety in (±)-dievodialetins C-G. The structures of the undescribed compounds, including their absolute configurations were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses, X-ray diffraction, and computational calculations. In the biosynthetic pathways, these bis-coumarins were presumably derived from the precursors demethylsuberosin and 3-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)umbelliferone via a [4 + 2] Diels-Alder reaction. Besides, all compounds exhibited neuroprotective effects by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity with IC50 values ranging from 7.3 to 12.1 nM and they also suppressed oxidative stress (MDA and SOD) and neuroinflammation (IL-1ß and IL-6).

18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1636: 461794, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341433

RESUMO

A rapid, simple, and generic analytical method for the simultaneous determination of 140 undesirable low-weight pesticides and mycotoxins from different chemical classes in black tea was developed. The method involved swelling the sample in ammonium acetate buffer, extraction with acetonitrile-dimethyl sulfoxide, cleanup by dual dispersive solid-phase extraction (D-SPE) with the assistance of low-temperature centrifugation, and analysis by ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry using multiple reaction monitoring mode. The interferences in the extract were eliminated by the combination of dual d-SPE using only C18 sorbent and anhydrous magnesium sulfate, which maintained the chromatographic column under the ideal condition for a long time and enabled satisfactory recoveries of hydrophobic and hydrophilic analytes simultaneously. Matrix-matched calibration curves were obtained for most target compounds with linear regression coefficients above 0.9900. The limits of quantification (LOQs) ranged within 0.5-10.0 µg/kg, which were usually sufficient to verify the compliance of products with legal tolerances. Satisfactory recoveries of 64.5%-138.1% were obtained in black ta samples with the relative standard deviation (RSD) values between 1.8 and 25.9%. The inter-day precision ranged within 2.2%-24.9%. For over 90% of the analytes, the recoveries were between 70% and 120%, with RSD values below 15.0%. The application of this method in routine monitoring programs can drastically reduce effort and time.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Micotoxinas/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Chá/química , Acetonitrilos/química , Tampões (Química) , Dimetil Sulfóxido/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 209: 111753, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33348255

RESUMO

Emerging evidence demonstrated that traffic-related air pollution induced adverse effects on cardiovascular system. We designed a population-based cross-sectional study to explore the association between residential proximity to major roadways, traffic density and the prevalence of valvular heart disease (VHD). A total of 34040 subjects from a Rural Health Project between 2013 and 2018 were collected. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 4158 participants were enrolled in the final analysis. And we calculated the subjects' proximity to major roadways and collected the traffic density on the major roadways. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed to diagnose the VHD, according to the current AHA/ACC (the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology) guidelines. Differences between groups were examined by the one-way ANOVAs for continuous variables and the chi-square tests for categorical variables. A logistic regression models were used to assess the associations. The stratified analysis by age and sex were conducted to further analyze the association. The restricted cubic spline analysis was performed to further evaluate the association between road way distance and VHD. Bonferroni test was used to adjust the significance level. The subjects closer to the major roads had the higher risk of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) (odds risk, OR = 1.519, 95% confidence intervals, 95%CI: 1.058-2.181), especially in female. The risk of VHD was positive (high traffic density VS low traffic density, OR = 1.799, 95%CI: 1.221-2.651), especially in female. In addition, the high traffic density was associated with the risk of mitral regurgitation (MR) (OR = 1.758, 95%CI: 1.085-2.848). The restricted cubic spline analysis found a threshold distance of about 300 m, where had the lowest risk of VHD, aortic regurgitation (AR), MR, TR. Our results found a positive association between traffic-related air pollution and VHD especially in female.

20.
Nanotechnology ; 32(8): 085101, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181499

RESUMO

CuInSe2 quantum dots (QDs) are one of the most important Cd-free fluorescent probes; they usually exhibited low fluorescence intensity, suggesting that a considerable amount of absorbed photon energy was lost as heat. In this study we aimed to improve the fluorescence intensity of CuInSe2 QDs and investigate their photoacoustic (PA) signal resulting from the heat dissipation, which was previously rarely reported. Cu-In-Zn-Se/ZnSe QDs were synthesized by adopting two strategies of Zn doping and ZnSe shell growth. It was found that there was an upper limit for Zn concentration beyond which the fluorescence intensity began to decrease. In addition, a blue shift of the emission peak of Cu-In-Zn-Se/ZnSe QDs was observed at high concentrations of ZnSe precursor due to the diffusion of excessive Zn. To prepare the dual-modal fluorescence and PA imaging probe, poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene) (PMAO) modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG) was coated on the QDs, which led to a slight reduction in fluorescence. Cellular labeling on HeLa cells was performed to demonstrate the utility of these probes for fluorescence imaging. We further studied the in vitro PA imaging capabilities of the Cu-In-Zn-Se/ZnSe/PMAO-g-PEG nanoparticles, which showed a distinct PA signal beyond 1.0 mg ml-1. The current work demonstrated that a moderate amount of Zn doping is necessary for enhancing fluorescence and there is a limit beyond which the fluorescence will be diminished. We also demonstrated the proof of concept that Cu-In-Zn-Se/ZnSe QDs are able to serve as a potential PA imaging contrast agent.

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