Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.336
Filtrar
1.
Food Microbiol ; 109: 104127, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309437

RESUMO

Salmonella spp. is one of the leading causes of foodborne outbreaks worldwide. Salmonella spp. has been associated with a variety of food sources, particularly egg products. They can enter a viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state in response to harsh stress. VBNC cells still retain membrane integrity and metabolic activity, which may pose health risks. However, the formation mechanism and resuscitation ability of VBNC cells are not well understood. In this work, Salmonella spp. cocktails, including Salmonella enterica serovar Newport and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, in liquid egg products was induced into a VBNC state by mild heat treatment, a commonly used method to inhibit the growth of pathogenic in liquid egg industry. Mild heat induced VBNC cells were found to resuscitate in liquid egg yolk (LEY) and liquid whole egg (LWE), but they failed to recover in liquid egg white (LEW). In addition, a certain number of cells remained as VBNC state after in vitro digestion. The membrane vesicle (MV) protein encoding gene pagC, two-component system encoding genes phoP/Q and sigma factor encoding gene rpoS were highly expressed in VBNC cells compared with the culturable counterparts. The results of this study can contribute to a better understanding of the health risks associated with Salmonella spp. in VBNC state and provide a theoretical basis for formation mechanism of VBNC state.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Salmonella enterica , Viabilidade Microbiana , Salmonella enteritidis/genética , Fator sigma
2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj ; 1867(1): 130264, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septic shock is a serious clinical syndrome leading to high mortality. A new anti-anemia drug Roxadustat (FG-4592) protected against cardiac injury and hypertension. However, its effect and mechanism on shock and cardiac dysfunction induced by sepsis require to be investigated. METHODS: C57BL/6j mice received FG-4592 (10 mg/kg/day) by i.p injection, followed by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) treatment. Mortality and shock status were monitored during the experiment. Cardiac function was assessed using echocardiography and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) assay. TEM, COX-SDH staining and ATP production were used to evaluate mitochondrial function. A non-targeted metabolomic analysis was performed to evaluate the metabolic disorders. RESULTS: Both pre- and post-treatment of FG-4592 could improve the survival rate in LPS- and CLP-induced sepsis mice with a better effect in pre-treated animals. Meanwhile, FG-4592 improved systolic blood pressure and body temperature drop in septic mice along with alleviated cardiac dysfunction (as shown by the restoration of decreased LVEF and LVFS and increased LDH and CK-MB) and inflammation. Interestingly, we observed that FG-4592 improved mitochondrial oxidative stress possibly by upregulating the anti-oxidative enzymes of SOD2 and HO-1. Furthermore, FG-4592 improved the energy supply and glycerophospholipid metabolism in cardiomyocytes, possibly through upregulating the HIF-1α-targeted genes of LDHA and PDK1 in glycolysis and CHK-α, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: FG-4592 protected against mortality and shock in septic animals possibly by antagonizing mitochondrial oxidative stress and metabolic disorders. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study provides a potential of FG-4592 as a novel drug for treating septic shock.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias , Sepse , Choque Séptico , Camundongos , Animais , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/genética , Metabolismo Energético , Estresse Oxidativo
3.
Bioact Mater ; 22: 225-238, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254273

RESUMO

Staplers have been widely used in the clinical treatment of gastrointestinal reconstruction. However, the current titanium (Ti) staple will remain in the human body permanently, resulting in some adverse effects. In this study, we developed a type of biodegradable staple for colonic anastomosis using 0.3 mm diameter magnesium (Mg) alloy wires. The wire surface was modified by micro-arc oxidation treatment (MAO) and then coated with poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) to achieve a moderate degradation rate matching the tissue healing process. The results of tensile tests on isolated porcine colon tissue anastomosed by Mg and Ti staples showed that the anastomotic property of Mg staples was almost equal to that of Ti staples. The in vitro degradation tests indicated the dual-layer coating effectively enhanced the corrosion resistance and maintained the tensile force of the coated staple stable after 14-day immersion in the simulated colonic fluid (SCF). Furthermore, 24 beagle dogs were employed to conduct a comparison experiment using Mg-based and clinical Ti staples for 90-day implantation by ent-to-side anastomosis of the colon. The integrated structure of Mg-based staples was observed after 7 days and completely degraded after 90 days. All animals did not have anastomotic leakage and stenosis, and 12 dogs with Mg-based staples fully recovered after 90 days without differences in visceral ion levels and other side effects. The favorable performance makes this Mg-based anastomotic staple an ideal candidate for colon reconstruction.

4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 923-932, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182195

RESUMO

The vertical distribution of air pollutants in urban street canyons is closely related to residents' health. However, the vertical air quality in urban street canyons has rarely been assessed using field observations obtained throughout the year. Therefore, this study investigated the seasonal and annual concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), CO, NO2, SO2, O3, air quality index, and their responses to microclimatic factors at three height levels (1.5, 27, and 69 m above street level) in an urban street canyon. The PM concentration was higher at 27 m than at 1.5 m in winter, whereas the situation was reversed in other seasons. It was found that photochemical pollutants such as NO2 and O3 were the primary pollutants in the urban street canyon. The days on which O3 was the primary pollutant at the height of 1.5 m accounted for 81.07% of the entire year. The days on which NO2 was the primary pollutant at the height of 27 and 69 m accounted for 82.49% and 72.33% of the entire year, respectively. Substantially higher concentrations of NO2 and O3 were found at the height of 27 m than at 69 m. In-canyon concentrations of NO2 and O3 were strongly correlated with air temperature, wind speed, and wind direction, which played important roles in photochemical reactions and pollutant dispersion.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Dióxido de Nitrogênio , Material Particulado/análise , Vento
5.
Food Chem ; 403: 134353, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179637

RESUMO

Egg proteins, as one of the most abundant animal protein sources, have received considerable attention for developing delivery systems. Among all egg proteins, egg white (ovalbumin) is the most promising encapsulant due to its excellent properties such as gelling, digestibility, self-assembly, amphiphilic nature. In this review paper, we focused particularly on egg protein-based delivery systems with superior encapsulation and delivery functions, including polymeric nanoparticles, emulsions, hydrogels and aerogels. Egg protein-based delivery systems across a wide range of geometry and dimensions have been applied to protect or control-release bioactive small molecules and macromolecules, probiotics and metal nanostructures. However, there are challenges that must be carefully addressed for advancing the practical applications of egg protein-based delivery system in foods, including allergenicity from ovalbumin and ovotransferrin, intolerance to environmental conditions, limited processing technologies. More efforts are warranted to fill knowledge gaps related to fabrication, utilization and digestive mechanisms of egg protein-derived delivery systems.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Ovo , Clara de Ovo , Animais , Ovalbumina/química , Proteínas do Ovo/química , Clara de Ovo/química , Conalbumina/química , Hidrogéis
6.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128281, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370945

RESUMO

As the global demand for sustainable energy increases, lignocellulosic (such as agricultural residues, forest biomass, municipal waste, and dedicated energy crops) and algal (including macroalgae and microalgae) biomass have attracted considerable attention, because of their high availability of carbohydrates. This is a potential feedstock to produce biochemical and bioenergy. Pretreatment of biomass can disrupt their complex structure, increasing conversion efficiency and product yield. Therefore, this review comprehensively discusses recent advances in different pretreatments (physical, chemical, physicochemical, and biological pretreatments) for lignocellulosic and algal biomass and their biorefining methods. Life cycle assessment (LCA) which enables the quantification of the environmental impact assessment of a biorefinery also be introduced. Biorefinery processes such as raw material acquisition, extraction, production, waste accumulation, and waste conversion are all monitored under this concept. Nevertheless, there still exist some techno-economic barriers during biorefinery and extensive research is still needed to develop cost-effective processes.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Lignina , Biomassa , Lignina/metabolismo , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To adequately utilize patient reported outcome scores in the clinical setting, accurate determination of a cohort-specific minimal clinically important differences (MCID) is necessary. The purpose of this study was to assess MCID for Patient Reported Outcome Information System Physical Function Scores (PROMIS®) Physical Function (PF) in a sample of patients who have undergone operative fixation for femur fractures. METHODS: All patients at a single Level 1 trauma center who were treated for operative femur fractures were identified by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes (27,244, 27,245, 27,506, 27,507). PROMIS PF was collected as part of routine clinical care via computer adaptive testing (CAT). MCID calculations were performed using both anchor-based and distribution-based methods. RESULTS: A total of 182 patients with 723 score observations were included in the overall distribution-based analysis and 131 patients with 309 score observations were included in the anchor-based analysis. In the overall cohort, the average age was 53.1 (SD 22.3), and 45% of participants were female. MCID for PROMIS PF scores was 5.43 in the distribution-based method and 5.18 in the anchor-based method. Overall scores in the distribution group improved from mean of 27.4 (SD 7.0) at the first postoperative visit to a mean of 36.7 (SD 10.0) at a subsequent follow up visit. Overall scores in the anchor group improved from mean of 26.7 (SD 7.3) at the first postoperative visit to a mean of 37.5 (SD 9.3) at a subsequent follow up visit. CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies two MCID values (5.18, 5.43) based on two calculation methods for PROMIS physical function scores in the operative femur fracture population. This data could be helpful in targeting postoperative patients who fall below expected norms or in allowing clinical correlation with changes in surgical practice.

8.
Curr Biol ; 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327979

RESUMO

Animals benefit from knowing if and how they are moving. Across the animal kingdom, sensory information in the form of optic flow over the visual field is used to estimate self-motion. However, different species exhibit strong spatial biases in how they use optic flow. Here, we show computationally that noisy natural environments favor visual systems that extract spatially biased samples of optic flow when estimating self-motion. The performance associated with these biases, however, depends on interactions between the environment and the animal's brain and behavior. Using the larval zebrafish as a model, we recorded natural optic flow associated with swimming trajectories in the animal's habitat with an omnidirectional camera mounted on a mechanical arm. An analysis of these flow fields suggests that lateral regions of the lower visual field are most informative about swimming speed. This pattern is consistent with the recent findings that zebrafish optomotor responses are preferentially driven by optic flow in the lateral lower visual field, which we extend with behavioral results from a high-resolution spherical arena. Spatial biases in optic-flow sampling are likely pervasive because they are an effective strategy for determining self-motion in noisy natural environments.

9.
Inflamm Res ; 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rosacea, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the facial skin, is effectively treated by intense pulsed light (IPL). OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential molecular mechanism underlying the photobiomodulation effect of IPL for rosacea treatment. METHODS: Skin samples from patients with rosacea were subjected to histological and immunohistological staining. Ten patients were followed up after IPL treatment using the VISIA® skin analysis system, and the severity was assessed. In vivo, skin changes in mice with rosacea-like inflammation induced by intradermal injection of 320 µM LL-37 with or without IPL treatment were evaluated using L*a*b colorimetry as well as histological and immunological staining. In vitro, LL-37-stimulated mast cells (MCs) with or without IPL treatment were evaluated for protein expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5), and cathelicidin using western blotting and qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Profound infiltration of inflammatory cells and evident MC degranulation were found in rosacea skin lesions. The expression of rosacea-related biomarkers and inflammatory cytokines was higher in lesional areas than in non-lesional areas, as demonstrated via immunochemical staining. In all patients, rosacea severity reduced after IPL therapy. In vivo, IPL alleviated inflammation in mice with rosacea-like inflammation, as demonstrated by the significantly decreased MMP-9, KLK5, and cathelicidin expression and reduced percentage of degranulating MCs. In vitro, IPL decreased MMP-9, KLK5, and cathelicidin expression in P815 cells, reducing the release of inflammatory cytokines and inhibiting rosacea-like inflammatory reactions. CONCLUSION: The photobiomodulation effect of IPL for rosacea treatment may inhibit MC degranulation and alleviate inflammatory reactions.

10.
Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155221134240, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36320162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy and safety of aquatic exercise for people with knee osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CENTRAL, CNKI and WanFang databases were searched from 1966 to September 2022. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials evaluating aquatic exercise for people with knee osteoarthritis compared with no exercise and land-based exercise were included. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system was used to evaluate the certainty of evidence. RESULTS: Twenty-two studies with 1394 participants were included. Compared with no exercise (13 trials with 746 participants), low-to high-certainty evidence revealed that aquatic exercise yielded significant improvements in patient-reported pain (SMD -0.58, 95% CI -0.82 to -0.33), stiffness (SMD -0.57, 95% CI -1.03 to -0.11) and physical function (SMD -0.35, 95% CI -0.52 to -0.18) immediately postintervention. A sustained effect was observed only for pain at three months postintervention (SMD -0.48, 95% CI -0.91 to -0.06). The confidence intervals demonstrated that the pooled results do not exclude the minimal clinically important differences. There were no significant differences between the effects of aquatic exercise and land-based exercise (13 trials with 648 participants) on pain (SMD -0.12, 95% CI -0.29 to 0.04), stiffness (SMD -0.17, 95% CI -0.49 to 0.16) or physical function (SMD -0.13, 95% CI -0.28 to 0.02). No study reported a serious adverse event in relation to aquatic exercise. CONCLUSION: Aquatic exercise provides a short-term clinical benefit that is sustained for at least three months postintervention in terms of pain in people with knee osteoarthritis.

11.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0221122, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321901

RESUMO

Most microbiome studies regarding the ruminant digestive tract have focused on the rumen microbiota, whereas only a few studies were performed on investigating the gut microbiota of ruminants, which limits our understanding of this important component. Herein, the gut microbiota of 30 Caprinae animals (sheep and goats) from six provinces in China was characterized using ultradeep (>100 Gbp per sample) metagenome shotgun sequencing. An inventory of Caprinae gut microbial species containing 5,046 metagenomic assembly genomes (MAGs) was constructed. Particularly, 2,530 of the genomes belonged to uncultured candidate species. These genomes largely expanded the genomic repository of the current microbes in the Caprinae gut. Several enzymes and biosynthetic gene clusters encoded by these Caprinae gut species were identified. In summary, our study extends the gut microbiota characteristics of Caprinae and provides a basis for future studies on animal production and animal health. IMPORTANCE We constructed a microbiota catalog containing 5,046 MAGs from Caprinae gut from six regions of China. Most of the MAGs do not overlap known databases and appear to be potentially new species. We also characterized the functional spectrum of these MAGs and analyzed the differences between different regions. Our study enriches the understanding of taxonomic, functional, and metabolic diversity of Caprinae gut microbiota. We are confident that the manuscript will be of utmost interest to a wide range of readers and be widely applied in future research.

12.
Front Oncol ; 12: 896477, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330469

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma with FH gene deletion is a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma. There had been few reports about ultrasonographic imaging of metastasis of renal cell carcinoma with FH gene deletion. This case reported one of the features of metastasis of renal cell carcinoma with FH gene deletion of a male patient 7 months after undergoing radical nephrectomy. He was diagnosed with a renal malignant tumor before the operation and confirmed to be primary FH gene-deficient renal cell carcinoma after undergoing radical nephrectomy in another hospital. Reexamination 7 months after the operation indicated that multiple metastases all over the body were found; therefore, he came to our hospital for further diagnosis and therapy. The tumors have metastasized in the lungs, bones, and lymph nodes adjacent to the left reproductive vessels and external iliac vessels, retroperitoneum, and abdominal wall so far as confirmed by PET/CT or MRI. Ultrasonographic findings of masses in the retroperitoneum and abdominal wall are fully discussed, which have been confirmed by biopsy and diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma with FH gene deletion by pathology.

13.
Int J Surg ; 107: 106936, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative progression and chemotherapy resistance is the major cause of treatment failure in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Currently, there is a lack of an ideal predictive model for the progression and drug sensitivity of postoperative TNBC patients. Diverse programmed cell death (PCD) patterns play an important role in tumor progression, which has the potential to be a prognostic and drug sensitivity indicator for TNBC after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve PCD patterns (apoptosis, necroptosis, pyroptosis, ferroptosis, cuproptosis, entotic cell death, netotic cell death, parthanatos, lysosome-dependent cell death, autophagy-dependent cell death, alkaliptosis, and oxeiptosis) were analyzed for model construction. Bulk transcriptome, single-cell transcriptome, genomics, and clinical information were collected from TCGA-BRCA, METABRIC, GSE58812, GSE21653, GSE176078, GSE75688, and KM-plotter cohorts to validate the model. RESULTS: The machine learning algorithm established a cell death index (CDI) with a 12-gene signature. Validated in five independent datasets, TNBC patients with high CDI had a worse prognosis after surgery. Two molecular subtypes of TNBC with distinct vital biological processes were identified by an unsupervised clustering model. A nomogram with high predictive performance was constructed by incorporating CDI with clinical features. Furthermore, CDI was associated with immune checkpoint genes and key tumor microenvironment components by integrated analysis of bulk and single-cell transcriptome. TNBC patients with high CDI are resistant to standard adjuvant chemotherapy regimens (docetaxel, oxaliplatin, etc.); however, they might be sensitive to palbociclib (an FDA-approved drug for luminal breast cancer). CONCLUSION: Generally, we established a novel CDI model by comprehensively analyzing diverse cell death patterns, which can accurately predict clinical prognosis and drug sensitivity of TNBC after surgery. A user-friendly website was created to facilitate the application of this prediction model (https://tnbc.shinyapps.io/CDI_Model/).


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Morte Celular , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Immunobiology ; 227(6): 152300, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356459

RESUMO

AIMS: Dysregulated interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8) mediated inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) transcription is crucial to the pathogenesis of several inflammatory disorders. However, the molecular mechanism that control the transcription activity of IRF8 in the regulation of iNOS is not fully elucidated. This study is undertaken to determine whether SIRT1 impacts IRF8 acetylation level in the macrophages. MAIN METHODS: The silver stain, mass spectrum, bone marrow-derived monocytes differentiation, lentiviral transduction, immunoprecipitation and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay were used to investigate the relationship between IRF8 and SIRT1. KEY FINDINGS: We demonstrate that deacetylation of IRF8 is induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and suppresses iNOS expression. Macrophages expressing acetylation-defective iNOS are highly septic upon transfer to macrophages cleaned up mice. Mechanistically, deacetylation IRF8 facilitates the binding of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) to the iNOS promoter and restricts iNOS transcription. The expression of iNOS was enhanced in the macrophages from SIRT1 conditional knockout mice and the progression of sepsis is more serious. SIGNIFICANCE: The discovery of the IRF8-SIRT1 interaction that governs iNOS expression may exploit new therapeutic strategies for inflammatory disorders.

15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1235: 340531, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368821

RESUMO

The disaster and devastation from abuse of Methamphetamine (MAMP) have a serious impact on people's mental and physical health. Developing a rapid and accurate method to screen drug suspects and thus control MAMP abuse is essential to social security. Hair analysis for MAMP detection is considered to be one of the most potential methods for monitoring drug abuse due to its convenient sample collection, easy for storage and long traceability period. However, the current accurate detection of MAMP in hair primarily utilizes hyphenated mass spectrometry (MS) techniques, but it is not suitable for field-based detection due to the bulky instrument. Hence, developing alternative portable detection techniques for rapid on-site detection of MAMP in hair is an urgent problem to be solved. Here, the high-performance Au nanocakes (Au NCs) were constructed as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates to detect MAMP in hair, realizing 5 min ultrafast and ultrasensitive detection utilizing a portable Raman spectrometer. Experiments and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations show that Au NCs have stronger enhancement than Au nanospheres (Au NPs), and 0.5 ppb (3.35 × 10-9 M) MAMP standard is stably detected by Au NCs as an enhanced substrate. A strategy of liquid-liquid microextraction was exploited to eliminate the interference of complex matrices in hair. This method exhibited excellent reproducibility and temporal stability across different drug addicts (relative standard deviation was 5.14% within 160 s). Our approach shows great promise in public safety, providing a rapid and accurate method to detect in hair by SERS.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Metanfetamina , Humanos , Metanfetamina/análise , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cabelo/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
16.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1235: 340539, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368827

RESUMO

The environmental pollution and human health risks caused by anti-infective residual drugs in the environment have attracted much attention. More convenient and effective detection methods to achieve the rapid and high sensitivity detection for such pollutants are required. In this work, a novel surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) strategy based on vortex aggregation of AgNPs was proposed for the detection of anti-infective drugs in environmental water. The method enhanced the Raman signal of the targets by 2-7.4 times. The mechanism of aggregation enhancement effect under the low-frequency oscillation procedure which significantly enhanced the SERS signal of targets molecular on the aggregated AgNPs was revealed by UV-vis and ICP-MS methods. Three drugs of cefazolin sodium, pefloxacin, and chloroquine phosphate were determined. The detect limits were 3.97 × 10-9 mol/L, 2.42 × 10-10 mol/L, and 7.34 × 10-9 mol/L for cefazolin sodium, pefloxacin, and chloroquine phosphate, respectively. The quantitative relationships were obtained in a wide linear range of 4-5 orders as well as good accuracy and stability with the recoveries of 84.0%-97.1% and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) less than 4.6% for spiked in actual water samples. This method also had excellent repeatability and stability, which have potential application for rapid detection of trace pollutants in water environment.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Resíduos de Drogas , Poluentes Ambientais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Humanos , Prata/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Água , Pefloxacina , Cefazolina , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos
17.
Cell Death Differ ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376383

RESUMO

Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) have been shown to play critical regulatory roles in cancer development. SNORD88C, which located at the intronic region of C19orf48 in chromosome 19q.33 with a 97-nt length was screened through database and snoRNA-sequencing. We firstly verified this snoRNA was up-regulated in tissue and plasma and served as a non-invasive diagnostic biomarker; then confirmed that SNORD88C promoted proliferation and metastasis of NSCLC in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, SNORD88C promoted 2'-O-methylation modification at the C3680 site on 28S rRNA and in turn enhanced downstream SCD1 translation, a central lipogenic enzyme for the synthesis of MUFA that can inhibit autophagy by regulating lipid peroxidation and mTOR, providing the novel insight into the regulation of SNORD88C in NSCLC.

18.
Insects ; 13(11)2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354799

RESUMO

To evaluate the wound-healing effect of Antheraea pernyi epidermal growth factor (ApEGF), we performed the sequence analysis, cloning, and prokaryotic expression of cDNA from the ApEGF gene, examined the transcriptional changes, and investigated the wound-healing effect of this protein in cells and rat epidermis. Primers were designed based on available sequence information related to the ApEGF gene in a public database, and part of the ApEGF sequence was obtained. The full-length cDNA sequence of ApEGF was obtained using inverse PCR. The gene sequence fragment of ApEGF was 666 bp in length, encoding 221 amino acids, with a predicted protein mass of 24.19 kD, an isoelectric point of 5.15, and no signal peptide sequence. Sequence homology analysis revealed 86.1% sequence homology with Bombyx mori, 92.7% with Manducal sexta, 92.6% with Trichoplusia ni, and 91.8% with Helicoverpa armigera. ApEGF was truncated and then subjected to prokaryotic expression, isolation, and purification. Truncated ApEGF was used for wound-healing experiments in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that after 48 h, transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1 had 187.32% cell growth effects, and the ApEGF group had 211.15% cell growth compared to the control group in vitro. In rat epidermis, truncated ApEGF showed a significantly better healing effect than the control. This result indicated that ApEGF, which exerted a direct wound-healing effect, could be used in wound-healing therapy.

19.
Metabolites ; 12(11)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355107

RESUMO

Cardamine violifolia, a species belonging to the Brassicaceae family, is a selenium hyperaccumulator and a nutritious leafy vegetable. Our previous study showed that C. violifolia leaves are rich in total phenolic acids, but the composition and corresponding genes remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the phenolic acid compounds and potential gene regulation network in the outer leaves (OL) and central leaves (CL) of C. violifolia using transcriptome and metabolome analyses. Results showed that the OL contained a higher total phenolic acid content than the CL. Metabolome analysis revealed a total of 115 phenolic acids, 62 of which (e.g., arbutin, rosmarinic acid, hydroxytyrosol acetate, and sinapic acid) were differentially accumulated between the CL and OL of C. violifolia. Transcriptome analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes were significantly enriched in the pathways of secondary metabolite biosynthesis and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. Conjoint analysis of the transcriptome and metabolome indicated that seven genes (CYP84A1, CYP84A4, CADH9, SGT1, UGT72E1, OMT1, and CCR2) and eight phenolic acids (sinapic acid, sinapyl alcohol, 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid, sinapoyl malate, coniferin, coniferyl alcohol, L-phenylalanine, and ferulic acid) constituted a possible regulatory network. This study revealed the phenolic acid compounds and possible regulatory network of C. violifolia leaves and deepened our understanding of its nutrient value.

20.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383997

RESUMO

Tribulus terrestris L. is an annual herbaceous medicinal plant of Zygophyllaceae, which is cultivated commercially in China. Subrotund or irregular gray, sunken, necrotic spots ranging from 2 to 9 mm were observed on diseased leaves of T. terrestris landrace in Fushun County, Liaoning Province of northeast China in July 2021, with more than 32% of the plants being infected in a 18-ha field. The symptoms first appeared on older leaves and gradually spread to younger leaves. The lesions developed a white center gradually and became perforated; multiple lesions could coalesce (Fig. 1). Ten symptomatic leaves were collected and the diseased tissues were cut into small pieces, immersed in 1% NaOCl for 2 min, rinsed three times with sterile water, and placed on acidified potato dextrose agar (PDA) in Petri dishes at 25°C in darkness. Fifteen suspected Colletotrichum single-spore fungal isolates (JL1 to JL15) with consistent morphological characteristics were obtained, and isolate JL6 was selected for identification and pathogenicity testing. Colonies on PDA were flat with an entire margin, dense and white at first, then became dark gray with numerous black microsclerotia and formed a concentric circular pattern with aging. Conidia were single-celled, sickle-curved with a tapered tip and truncate base, ranging from 16.46 to 20.26 µm in length and 2.81 to 3.96 µm in width (n=100). Setae were dark brown, septate, straight with a slightly acute tip, 75.45 to 135.63×3.19 to 4.95 µm in size. Appressoria were dark brown, round or irregular, mostly in groups. All characteristics were consistent with the descriptions of C. truncatum (Damm et al. 2009). Further confirmation of the identification was determined according to methods described previously (Damm et al. 2009). The rDNA internal transcribed spacer region (OP364400, 585 bp), and actin (OP380867, 290 bp), beta-tubulin (OP380868, 498 bp), chitin synthase 1 (OP380869, 277 bp), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (OP380870, 280 bp), and histone (OP380871, 411 bp) genes were amplified by PCR and sequenced (Carbone and Kohn 1999; Glass and& Donaldson 1995; Guerber et al. 2003; O'Donnell and Cigelnik 1997). BLAST results showed 98-100% similarity at 85-97% coverage compared to the corresponding sequences of the type strain CBS 151.35 (GU227862, GU227960, GU228156, GU228352, GU228254, and GU228058). Phylogenetic analysis combining all loci revealed that the isolate JL6 and the type strains of C. truncatum clustered in one group (Fig. 2). One-year-old healthy seedlings of T. terrestris (cultivar: landrace) were used for pathogenicity test. Suspension (1×105 conidia/mL) of isolate JL6 was sprayed on ten seedlings, and ten seedlings sprayed with sterilized distilled water were used as the control. Three replicates were performed on each treatment. All plants were kept at 28±1°C (12 h photoperiod), and were evaluated after 7 days. The inoculated plants showed lesions on the leaf surface, similar to those in the field, and the control remained symptomless. The pathogen was successfully reisolated and identified using the methods mentioned above. To our knowledge, this is the first report of C. truncatum causing anthracnose on T. terrestris, which will provide valuable information for designing strategies to manage anthracnose on T. terrestris.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...