Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.413
Filtrar
1.
Bioresour Technol ; 295: 122269, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669868

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa SG produced 7.06 g/L and 10.32 g/L of rhamnolipids using glucose or soybean oil. Rhamnolipids produced from glucose contained 8 mono-rhamnolipids homologues and 6 di-rhamnolipids homologues with ratio of 61.46%:38.54%. Rhamnolipids produced from soybean oil contained 9 mono-rhamnolipids and 8 di-rhamnolipids homologues with ratio of 58.68%:41.32%. The main homologues produced from soybean oil possessed longer carbon chain of fatty acid. Rhamnolipids produced from glucose decreased surface tension to 26.3 mN/m with critical micelle concentration (CMC) of 50 mg/L; rhamnolipids produced from soybean oil reduced surface tension to 28.1 mN/m with CMC of 60 mg/L. Two rhamnolipids products were thermo-stable and halo-tolerant. Two rhamnolipids products efficiently cleaned oily sludge. Rhamnolipids produced from glucose possessed better surface activity and antimicrobial activity. Rhamnolipids produced from soybean oil exhibited greater emulsifying activity (EI24 = 76.1%) to better reduce oil viscosity. Different substrates make P. aeruginosa produce diverse rhamnolipids with distinct application potential.


Assuntos
Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Tensoativos , Glicolipídeos , Tensão Superficial
2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 1993-2006, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492205

RESUMO

With the extending applications, graphene-family nanomaterials begin to enter people's life via various ways, largely increasing the exposure frequencies. In spite of the increasing toxicological studies, the biosafety of graphene-based nanomaterials still remains elusive. Graphene oxide (GO), an oxidation derivative of graphene, is considered as one of the recently-emerging nanomaterials attractive for biomedical applications. Accompanied with the prospect of applications are the great concerns about its biosafety for human and environment. Herein, this review intends to systematically summarize the research on GO toxicity both in vitro and in vivo followed by deep discussions about the toxicological mechanisms. The currently reported toxicity of GO mainly includes inhalation toxicity, ingestion toxicity, dermal toxicity and hemocompatibility depending on exposure routes. The toxicity evaluation of GO using non-rodent organisms (zebrafish, Caenorhabditis elegans and drosophila, etc.) is also summarized, supplementary to in vivo toxicity of GO. Based on the comprehensive summary of the reported GO-induced toxicity, our review suggests considerable emphasis being put on the balance of benefits and risks when employing the nanotechnology.

3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1383-1390, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492298

RESUMO

Elevated industrial production and broaden applications of indium oxide materials have increased concerns over the occupational exposure of industry workers. Respirable In2O3 particles have been identified in the workplaces and lung of indium-processing workers. The aim of this study was to assess the indium distribution in vivo and organs injury induced by nano-In2O3 particles. More than 50% of nano-In2O3 particles were accumulated in the lungs after 8-week exposure period and caused serious pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and pneumonia. The migration of nano-In2O3 particles from lungs to the other organs was very low and dose not steadily increase the indium burden in those organs except kidney and liver. The repeated intratracheal instillations of nano-In2O3 particles into the lungs of Wistar rats were dose-dependent increased the concentrations of serum indium.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the correlation between the level of circulating vitamin D and the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), and to clarify the effect and mechanism of vitamin D on the development of CRC. METHODS: Serum samples from 63 patients with colorectal cancer (CRC group) and 61 healthy volunteers (Normal group) were collected. AOM+DSS induced CRC mouse model and dietary models with different doses of vitamin D were established to verify whether vitamin D supplementation could reverse the occurrence and development of CRC at the overall animal level. Intestinal barrier integrity and microbial defense response were evaluated by detection of intestinal flora and expression of related genes. RESULTS: In the clinical serum samples, compared with the normal group, the level of 25 (OH) D3 in the CRC group was relatively low (P<0.01), which was consistent with the clinical situation in mice. Vitamin D deficiency aggravated the deterioration of enteritis and intestinal cancer in CRC mice, while the overall condition of CRC mice improved after vitamin D supplementation. Vitamin D has a significant regulatory effect on the homeostasis of the intestinal flora, particularly in the regulation of intestinal probiotics, Akkermansia muciniphila-mediated colon barrier integrity. CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency is closely related to the high incidence of CRC, and vitamin D supplementation can inhibit the occurrence and development of CRC. Vitamin D plays a role in the reversal of CRC mainly through the regulation of intestinal flora, especially the regulation of Akkermansia muciniphila-mediated colon barrier integrity.

5.
J Mol Model ; 25(12): 373, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792617

RESUMO

According to the experiments, DNTF crystallizes in benzene/methylbenzene (1:1), benzene/methylbenzene/ethanol (2:3:5), and sym-dichloroethane solvents into two similar crystal shapes, namely strip and tetrahedral. There is a possibility that solvent changes the crystal morphology. In order to explain this phenomenon, the DNTF growth interface model was constructed according to the actual solution environment. The interaction energy between the solvent phase and the DNTF crystal face was studied by means of molecular dynamics simulation. The crystal morphology of DNTF was predicted using the classical modified attachment energy model (MAE) in benzene, methylbenzene, benzene/methylbenzene (1:1), benzene/methylbenzene/ethanol (2:3:5), and sym-dichloroethane. The results show that the DNTF growths are mainly dominated by the (011), (001), (101), (110), (111), and (11[Formula: see text]) faces in vacuum. However, only a few faces will remain in the solvents, of which the (011) and (101) faces are exposed in benzene, methylbenzene, and benzene/methylbenzene (1:1), and only the (111) faces constitute the crystal shape of the DNTF in benzene/methylbenzene/ethanol (2:3:5) and sym-dichloroethane. The predicted results successfully explained the observed phenomena in the experiment. The simulation results can provide some guidance for the crystallization process of DNTF.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670686

RESUMO

Liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide due to its high morbidity and mortality. Histopathological image analysis (HIA) is a crucial step in the early diagnosis of liver cancer and is routinely performed manually. However, this process is time-consuming, error-prone, and easily affected by the expertise of pathologists. Recently, computer-aided methods have been widely applied to medical image analysis; however, the current medical image analysis studies have not yet focused on the histopathological morphology of liver cancer due to its complex features and the insufficiency of training images with detailed annotations. This paper proposes a deep learning method for liver cancer histopathological image classification using only global labels. To compensate for the lack of detailed cancer region annotations in those images, patch features are extracted and fully utilized. Transfer learning is used to obtain the patch-level features and then combined with multiple-instance learning to acquire the image-level features for classification. The method proposed here solves the processing of large-scale images and training sample insufficiency in liver cancer histopathological images for image classification. The proposed method can distinguish and classify liver histopathological images as abnormal or normal with high accuracy, thus providing support for the early diagnosis of liver cancer.

8.
Mol Immunol ; 116: 191-198, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scars affects the appearance and results in tissue damage. In this research, we preliminarily studied the function and mechanism of curcumin (CUR) on cell proliferation and soluble collagen synthesis in NIH-3T3 cells. METHODS: CCK-8 was used to detect the IC50 of CUR. Moreover, Western blot was used to measure the expression of cell proliferation-related, soluble collagen synthesis and pathway-related proteins. Sircol assay was determined the expression of soluble collagen. Furthermore, reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to determined miR-29a, α-smooth muscle aorta (α-SMA), soluble collagen 1 (Col 1) and Col 3 expression. RESULTS: CUR inhibited cell viability and proliferation-related proteins expression. Transforming growth factor-ß (TGFß1)-induced heightened the expression of proliferation-related proteins and soluble collagen synthesis-related proteins. CUR inhibited TGFß1-induced proliferation and soluble collagen synthesis. Furthermore, CUR positively related miR-29a and miR-29a mimic inhibited TGFß1-induced proliferation and soluble collagen synthesis. Besides, transfection with miR-29a inhibitor could partly reverse the effects of CUR. CUR inhibited the ERK1/2 and ß-catenin pathways and the miR-29a inhibitor reversed the above results. Otherwise, soluble collagen 1 (Col 1) partly reversed the effects of CUR on proliferation and soluble collagen synthesis and silenced Col 1/3 could inhibit ERK1/2 and ß-catenin signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: CUR restrained TGFß1-induced proliferation and soluble collagen synthesis in NIH-3T3 cells by up-regulation of miR-29a via ERK1/2 and ß-catenin signaling pathways.

9.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 19(1): 224, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder with a high prevalence in China. Standard diagnosis of OSA requires polysomnography (PSG). Currently, smart phone applications (apps) are widely used as an important source of health guidance. However, the quality of the information provided by these apps has not been carefully assessed. METHODS: We searched for sleep apps available in China. We designed an evaluation scale that included scientific, functionality and usability, and accountability domains. The Scientific domain included an index of 16 items to evaluate the scientific quality of the apps for their level of adherence to PSG. The functionality and usability domain included 10 items to evaluate the functions of apps and 1 item to define whether the apps needed to connect with other devices. The accountability domain included 9 items that came from the Silberg Scale to evaluate whether the information provided by apps were trustable or not. We then calculated the sum of all domains. We also evaluated the popularity of each app. RESULTS: A total of 2379 apps were found, and 127 met the inclusion criteria. The mean total score of the apps was 14.23 ± 3.93. The mean scores of scientific basis, functionality and usability, and accountability were 5.51 ± 2.58, 2.90 ± 1.84, and 2.90 ± 1.84. The scientific scores of apps that could connect to other devices were higher than those of apps that worked alone (mean score: 5.26 vs. 4.17, P < 0.001). The functionality and usability score was correlated with the accountability score, and the coefficient of correlation was 0.304 (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Apps that could connect to other devices were more scientific and powerful than those that worked alone. Multifunctional apps were more popular and reliable. Because of the low quality of sleep apps in China, more work is necessary to create an ideal app.

10.
Pain Res Manag ; 2019: 5930627, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781318

RESUMO

Objectives: To review the evidence of acupuncture for acute and preventive treatment of migraine for further awareness of the effect of acupuncture for migraine. Design: An overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SR/MAs) for randomized controlled trials. Material and Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, VIP Chinese Journal Full Text Database, WANFANG Data, and China Biology Medicine disc from their establishment to May 27, 2018. SR/MAs of randomized controlled trials comparing the effect of the acupuncture intervention with another treatment control in migraine patients were included. Results: 428 SRs were identified, and 15 of them were included. Only 4 SR/MAs were assessed by GRADE, which showed certainty of most evidence being low or very low. Assessed by AMSTAR-2, fourteen was critically low rating overall confidence in the results, and 1 was low rating overall confidence in the results. Evidence suggested that acupuncture has a significant advantage of pain improvement, efficacy, and safety relative to blank control, sham acupuncture, or drug treatment, but some of these results are contradictory. Conclusions: We found that acupuncture on treating migraine has the advantage for pain improvement and safety, but the quality of SR/MAs of acupuncture for migraine remains to be improved.

11.
Int Wound J ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701658

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to investigate the mechanism whereby innate immune molecule surfactant protein D (SP-D) attenuates sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) through modulating apoptosis and nuclear factor kappa-B (NFκB)-mediated inflammation. In the present study, a mouse sepsis model was established by cecal ligation and puncture in SP-D knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) mice. A sham-operated group was included as the control. The experimental materials were extracted 6 and 24 hours postoperatively. The plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and MCP-1 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Apoptosis was measured by double staining with Annexin V/propidium iodide and flow cytometry. The levels of NFκB in renal tissues were measured by ELISA and Western blotting assay. Apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assays. There were no significant differences in plasma TNF-α levels between the WT sham group and the KO sham group at 6 and 24 hours postoperatively (P < .05), but the levels of TNF-α in the WT sepsis and KO sepsis groups were significantly higher than those in controls (P < .05). The levels of TNF-α in the KO sepsis group were significantly higher than those of the WT sepsis group (P < .05). TNF-α levels in the WT sepsis group and the KO sepsis group at 24 hours postoperatively were significantly higher than those at 6 hours postoperatively (P < .05). The levels of MCP-1 in the WT sepsis group and the KO sepsis group at 6 and 24 hours postoperatively were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < .05), and MCP-1 levels in the KO sepsis group were significantly higher than those in the WT sepsis group (P < .05). MCP-1 levels in the WT sepsis group and the KO sepsis group at 24 hours postoperatively were significantly higher than those at 6 hours postoperatively (P < .05). The expression of SP-D in WT kidneys was significantly lower at 6 and 24 hours postoperatively (P < .05). The number of TUNEL-positive cells in the kidneys from septic SP-D KO mice was significantly higher (P < .05). The levels of NFκB in septic mice were significantly increased at 6 and 24 hours after induction of sepsis compared with the sham-operated group compared with those of septic SP-D KO mice and WT mice (P < .05). Innate immune molecule SP-D significantly decreased plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines in mice and attenuated sepsis-induced AKI by inhibiting NFκB activity and apoptosis.

12.
Orthop Surg ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Surgery is indicated when antibiotic treatment fails in pyogenic spondylodiscitis, which is caused by pathogens such as the Staphylococcus species. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of the oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) corridor approach combined with posterior pedicle screw fixation for treating pyogenic spondylodiscitis. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series study. A total of 11 patients with an average age of 60.7 years (range, 40-70 years; 10 males and 1 females) with lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis who underwent single-stage debridement and reconstruction using the OLIF corridor combined with posterior pedicle screw fixation were recruited in our study from June 2016 to July 2017. All patients had single-level pyogenic spondylodiscitis between T12 and L5 . The baseline data, perioperative outcomes (operative time, intra-operative blood loss, and intra-operative complication), postoperative laboratory tests (erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], C-reactive protein [CRP], white blood count [WBC], and tissue culture results), long-term complications (recurrence, fixation failure, and bony non-fusion rates), and duration of antibiotic administration were reviewed. Outcomes evaluated using a variety of scales including visual analog scale (VAS) score and Oswestry disability index (ODI), were compared pre-operatively and post-operatively. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period of time was 18.3 months. The average operative time and intra-operative blood loss were 217.0 ± 91.91 min and 220.9 ± 166.10 mL, respectively. There were no intra-operative complications, except in 1 patient who encountered somatosensory evoked potentials changes and 1 patient who had motor evoked potentials changes, both without post-surgery neurological deficits. Causative organisms were identified in 4 patients: Staphylococcus aureus in 1 patient and Streptococcus in 3 patients. At approximately 8.8 weeks after surgery, WBC, CRP, and ESR had returned to normal levels. All patients were pain free with no recurring infection. There was no fixation failure during follow up. Solid bony fusions were observed in all cases within 6 months. At the final follow up, the mean VAS (0.6 ± 0.69) and ODI (14.4 ± 4.27) were significantly lower than those before surgery (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: One-stage debridement with autogenous iliac bone graft through the OLIF corridor combined with posterior pedicle screw fixation is effective and safe for single-level spontaneous lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis after antibiotic treatment fails.

13.
Med Res Rev ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692025

RESUMO

Malaria is a tropical disease, leading to around half a million deaths annually. Antimalarials such as quinolines are crucial to fight against malaria, but malaria control is extremely challenged by the limited pipeline of effective pharmaceuticals against drug-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum which are resistant toward almost all currently accessible antimalarials. To tackle the growing resistance, new antimalarial drugs are needed urgently. Hybrid molecules which contain two or more pharmacophores have the potential to overcome the drug resistance, and hybridization of quinoline privileged antimalarial building block with other antimalarial pharmacophores may provide novel molecules with enhanced in vitro and in vivo activity against drug-resistant (including multidrug-resistant) P falciparum. In recent years, numerous of quinoline hybrids were developed, and their activities against a panel of drug-resistant P falciparum strains were screened. Some of quinoline hybrids were found to possess promising in vitro and in vivo potency. This review emphasized quinoline hybrid molecules with potential in vitro antiplasmodial and in vivo antimalarial activity against drug-resistant P falciparum, covering articles published between 2010 and 2019.

14.
Appl Opt ; 58(29): 8109-8117, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674369

RESUMO

A division of focal plane (DoFP) polarimeter includes an array of polarized pixels. The response characteristics of polarized pixels are directly affected by inherent defects of a DoFP polarimeter. Correspondingly, the response characteristics are crucial to correction of the inherent defects. However, research on the response characteristics is rarely reported. Therefore, this paper proposes a pixel response model for a DoFP polarimeter. The response model combines the response characteristics of a traditional photoelectric imager and a micro-polarizer array. The proposed model includes six input parameters. They are the major polarization responsivity, minor polarization responsivity, polarization orientation, exposure time, conversion gain, and gamma correction. An experimental setup is constructed to measure the response of a DoFP polarimeter. The proposed model is evaluated by comparing the calculated results and the measured results. The compared results under different artificial parameters show that the each average root-mean-square error value is less than one gray value, which proves the validity of the proposed model.

15.
Dev Genes Evol ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712893

RESUMO

Pelodiscus sinensis is the most common turtle species raised in East and Southeast Asia. The Japanese strain and the Qingxi black strain are important aquatic breeds of P. sinensis in China with unique characteristics in terms of production performance and appearance, including skin color. In this study, melanin content measure and histological analysis on skin samples of these two strains were carried out to compare their color characteristics. The results showed that Qingxi black turtles clearly have a greater ability to deposit melanin than the Japanese strain especially in the abdomen. Then, de novo transcriptome assembly and differential expression profiling analyses on the ventral skin from the two strains were performed to identify the genes responsible for the differences in skin color using the Illumina RNA-Seq system with three biological replicates. A total of 19,331 annotated unigenes were found by aligning to the reference genome of P. sinensis using TopHat v2.0.12. Differential expression analysis revealed that 670 genes were expressed differently, including 185 upregulated genes and 485 downregulated genes in Qingxi black strain using the DESeq R package (|log2FoldChange| ≥ 1, padj < 0.05). Sixteen differentially expressed genes (DEGs), which were randomly selected, were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). GO and KEGG analyses revealed four DEGs (agouti signaling protein, frizzled family receptor 1, phospholipase C, and protein kinase C) were related to melanogenesis pathway. Gene expression levels of the four DEGs as well as three genes from the tyrosinase gene family were measured by qRT-PCR. The results indicated that agouti signaling protein, tyrosinase-related protein, and dopachrome tautomerase could be the main genes responsible for the difference in abdominal skin color between the two turtle strains. This study provided valuable information for further analysis of the melanogenesis mechanisms in different varieties of P. sinensis.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether air quality influences ocular comfort when wearing contact lenses and the selection tendency of myopic populations who wears contact lenses. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to one hundred and twenty corneal contact lens wearers to understand whether the respondents would reduce or stop the use of contact lenses according to air quality and to evaluate and compare their ocular status under different air quality conditions. RESULTS: Forty-three point eight percent of the respondents were concerned about reduced oxygen permeability of contact lenses and increased contact lens-associated complications caused by the adsorption and accumulation of haze particles on the contact lens. Thirteen point four percent of the respondents stated that they would stop using contact lenses during moderate to severe air pollution and switch to glasses. Twenty-eight point six percent of respondents remarked that they would reduce the use of contact lenses depending on the situation during moderate to severe air pollution. However, this study did not find statistically significant differences in the ocular comfort while wearing contact lenses and in the eye scores of contact lens wearers under different air quality conditions. CONCLUSION: Air quality has an impact on the selection tendency of some contact lens wearers. However, whether moderate or more severe air pollution causes ocular discomfort or contact lens-associated complications in contact lens wearers awaits further investigation.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of a novel, absorbable atrial septal defect (ASD) closure device made of poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) in a swine model of ASD and for the first time in humans. METHODS: A preclinical safety study was conducted using a swine model of ASD. In a clinical setting, five pediatric patients underwent ASD closure with the PLLA device with fluoroscopic and transthoracic echocardiography guidance. The procedural results and clinical outcomes at 1 day, 30 days, 3 months, and 6 months after closure were analyzed. RESULTS: The 24- and 36-month follow-up results of the preclinical study demonstrated that the PLLA device exhibited good endothelialization and degradability in the swine model. In the clinical study, successful device implantation was achieved in all five patients (median age, 3.6 years; range, 3.1-6.5 years). The mean defect size was (13.6 ± 2.7) mm. Follow-up at 30 days, 3 months, and 6 months was completed in all five cases. The complete defect closure rates with no residual shunt at 30 days, 3 months, and 6 months follow-up were 60% (3/5), 80% (4/5), and 80% (4/5), respectively. No device dislodgement, significant aortic valve or mitral valve regurgitation, new onset cardiac arrhythmia, or other adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION: The study results demonstrated that it is feasible to implant the PLLA device for closure of small to medium sized ASDs without significant residual shunts or severe adverse events in humans. The PLLA device exhibited good endothelialization and degradability in the swine model at 24 and 36 months. Further studies to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness with the device in a large cohort of patients are warranted.

18.
FEBS J ; 286(22): 4402-4417, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618529

RESUMO

Crystallography has made a notable contribution to our knowledge of structural biology. For traditional crystallography experiments, the growth of crystals with large size and high quality is crucial, and it remains one of the bottlenecks. In recent years, the successful application of serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX) provides a new choice when only numerous microcrystals can be obtained. The intense pulsed radiation of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) enables the data collection of small-sized crystals, making the size of crystals no longer a limiting factor. The ultrafast pulses of XFELs can achieve 'diffraction before destruction', which effectively avoids radiation damage and realizes diffraction near physiological temperatures. More recently, the SFX has been expanded to serial crystallography (SX) that can additionally employ synchrotron radiation as the light source. In addition to the traditional ones, these techniques provide complementary opportunities for structural determination. The development of SX experiments strongly relies on the advancement of hardware including the sample delivery system, the X-ray source, and the X-ray detector. Here, in this review, we categorize the existing sample delivery systems, summarize their progress, and propose their future prospectives.

19.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e4726, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654585

RESUMO

Multicompound determination for the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) may often be inadequate, since these compounds may not be associated with, or fully represent, the clinical effects of TCM. Moreover, the individual contributions of each constituent to the pharmacological effect are often not considered. In China, Porana sinensis is widely used as a substitute for Erycibe sources to treat joint pain and rheumatoid arthritis. The existing quality control methods for P. sinensis neither consider the individual contributions of various compounds nor control the actual quality associated with different clinical efficacies. In the present study, a novel efficacy-oriented approach, named the effect-constituent index (ECI), was established for P. sinensis. Analyses of the spectrum-effect relationship and components in rat plasma were conducted to systematically and scientifically select quality markers. Quantitative analysis of multicomponents via a single marker method was introduced to enhance the practical application value of the established ECI. The established ECI shows a good ability to distinguish and predict the bioeffect-based quality of P. sinensis. The present study also provides a reference for the establishment and application of ECI as a quality control method for TCMs.

20.
Ren Fail ; 41(1): 937-945, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599184

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) treatment in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were identified on 13 May 2017 to identify relevant randomized controlled trials. All data obtained were analyzed using Stata 12.0. Five randomized controlled trials were included in this study. Compared to placebo, the BTX-A groups had significantly fewer urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per day and per week (BTX-A with 300 U for frequency of UI per day at week 2, mean difference (MD): -1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI): -1.89 to -0.37; 200 U; BTX-A with 300 U for frequency of UI per week at week 6, MD: -11.42, 95% CI: -13.91 to -8.93; BTX-A with 200 U for frequency of UI per week at week 6, MD: -10.72, 95% CI: -13.40 to -8.04), increased in maximum cystometric capacity at week 6 (BTX-A with 300 U, MD: 154.88, 95% CI: 133.92-175.84; BTX-A with 200 U, MD: 141.30, 95% CI: 121.28-161.33), decreased maximum detrusor pressure at week 6 (BTX-A with 300 U, MD: -31.72, 95% CI: -37.69 to -25.75; BTX-A with 200 U, MD: -33.47, 95% CI: -39.20 to -27.73). For adverse effects, BTX-A was often associated with more complications and urinary tract infections (BTX-A with 300 U: relative risk (RR):1.42, 95% CI: 1.15-1.76; BTX-A with 200 U: RR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.11-1.82). This meta-analysis suggests that treatment with BTX-A is effective and safe for neurogenic detrusor overactivity, and recommends using BTX-A with 300 U or with 200 U, as suitable dosage.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA