Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.386
Filtrar
1.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 2314100, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343377

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) plays a pivotal role in mammary ductal morphogenesis, angiogenesis and glandular tissue architecture remodeling. However, the molecular mechanism of MMP9 expression in mammary epithelial cells of dairy cows remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism of MMP9 expression. In this study, to determine whether the PI3K/AKT/mTORC1/NF-κB signalling pathway participates in the regulation of MMP9 expression, we treated mammary epithelial cells with specific pharmacological inhibitors of PI3K (LY294002), mTORC1 (Rapamycin) or NF-κB (Celastrol), respectively. Western blotting results indicated that LY294002, Rapamycin and Celastrol markedly decreased MMP9 expression and P65 nuclear translocation. Furthermore, we found that NF-κB (P65) overexpression resulted in elevated expression of MMP9 protein and activation of MMP9 promoter. In addition, we observed that Celastrol markedly decreases P65-overexpression-induced MMP9 promoter activity. Moreover, the results of the promoter assay indicated that the core regulation sequence for MMP9 promoter activation may be located at -420 ∼ -80 bp downstream from the transcription start site. These observations indicated that the PI3K/AKT/mTORC1 signalling pathway is involved in MMP9 expression by regulating MMP9 promoter activity via NF-κB in the mammary epithelial cells of dairy cows.

2.
Aquac Nutr ; 2024: 9936529, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328024

RESUMO

A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the impact of dietary Antarctic krill meal on the reproductive performance and embryo quality of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis. Three diets were formulated, incorporating varying levels of Antarctic krill meal at 0% (Diet K0), 10% (Diet K10), and 20% (Diet K20), with a control group fed razor clam Sinonovacula constricta. Each diet was randomly assigned to three replicate tanks, each stocked with 5 males and 10 females. Male and female weights were 145.38 ± 8.01 and 102.57 ± 9.73 g, respectively. The results revealed no significant differences in weight gain rate, specific growth rate, and survival rate. However, the hepatopancreatic weight and hepatopancreas index of female crabs in each group decreased, while gonadal weight and gonadosomatic index increased significantly after 60 days, with Diet K20 showing the highest values. Egg production and fecundity of female crabs reached their peak in Diet K20, with no significant differences in reproductive indices among all groups. The phospholipid content in Diet K20 was significantly higher than in the other groups (P < 0.05). Cholesterol contents in Diet K0 and the control group were significantly higher than in Diet K10 and K20 (P < 0.05). No significant differences were observed in egg diameter, egg weight, moisture, crude protein, and crude fat between the groups. The content of C20 : 2 and C20 : 4n6 was highest in Diet K0, with a significant difference compared to Diet K10 (P < 0.05). However, no significant differences were found in the total content of saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids among all groups. Based on the research findings, it is recommended that the optimal level of Antarctic krill meal in diets is 20%.

4.
Nat Plants ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326652

RESUMO

Histone acetylation is a predominant active chromatin mark deposited by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) that transfer the acetyl group from acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) to lysine ε-amino groups in histones. GENERAL CONTROL NON-REPRESSED PROTEIN 5 (GCN5) is one of the best-characterized HATs and functions in association with several adaptor proteins such as ADA2 within multiprotein HAT complexes. ADA2-GCN5 interaction increases GCN5 binding to acetyl-CoA and stimulates its HAT activity. It remains unclear whether the HAT activity of GCN5 (which acetylates not only histones but also cellular proteins) is regulated by acetyl-CoA levels, which vary greatly in cells under different metabolic and nutrition conditions. Here we show that the ADA2 protein itself is acetylated by GCN5 in rice cells. Lysine acetylation exposes ADA2 to a specific E3 ubiquitin ligase and reduces its protein stability. In rice plants, ADA2 protein accumulation reversely parallels its lysine acetylation and acetyl-CoA levels, both of which are dynamically regulated under varying growth conditions. Stress-induced ADA2 accumulation could stimulate GCN5 HAT activity to compensate for the reduced acetyl-CoA levels for histone acetylation. These results indicate that ADA2 lysine acetylation that senses cellular acetyl-CoA variations is a mechanism to regulate HAT activity and histone acetylation homeostasis in plants under changing environments.

5.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(2): 367-373, 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct (IPNBs) are rare and characterized by papillary growth within the bile duct lumen. IPNB is similar to obstructive biliary pathology. In this report, we present an unexpected case of asymptomatic IPNB and consolidate our findings with the relevant literature to augment our understanding of this condition. Integrating relevant literature contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of the disease. CASE SUMMARY: A 66-year-old Chinese male patient was admitted to our hospital for surgical intervention after gallstones were discovered during a routine physical examination. Preoperative imaging revealed a lesion on the left side of the liver, which raised the suspicion of IPNB. A laparoscopic left hemihepatectomy was performed, and subsequent histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of IPNB. At the 3-mo postoperative follow-up, the patient reported good recovery and no metastasis. IPNB can manifest both latently and asymptomatically. Radical surgical resection is the most effective treatment for IPNB. CONCLUSION: Hepatic and biliary masses, should be considered to diagnose IPNB. Prompt surgery and vigilant follow-up are crucial in determining prognosis.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 921: 171099, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387588

RESUMO

To ensure the long-term performance of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), proton-exchange membranes (PEMs) have stringent requirements at high temperatures and humidities, as they may lose proton carriers. This issue poses a serious challenge to maintaining their proton conductivity and mechanical performance throughout their service life. Ionogels are ionic liquids (ILs) hybridized with another component (such as organic, inorganic, or organic-inorganic hybrid skeleton). This design is used to maintain the desirable properties of ILs (negligible vapor pressure, thermal stability, and non-flammability), as well as a high ionic conductivity and wide electrochemical stability window with low outflow. Ionogels have opened new routes for designing solid-electrolyte membranes, especially PEMs. This paper reviews recent research progress of ionogels in proton-exchange membranes, focusing on their electrochemical properties and proton transport mechanisms.

7.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393855

RESUMO

Alloying lanthanide ions (Yb3+) into perovskite quantum dots (Yb3+:CsPb(Cl1-xBrx)3) is an effective method to achieve efficient near-infrared (NIR) luminescence (>950 nm). Increasing the Yb3+ alloying ratio in the perovskite matrix enhances the luminescence intensity of Yb3+ emission at 990 nm. However, high Yb3+ alloying (>15%) results in vacancy-induced inferior material stability. In this work, we developed a polarity-mediated antisolvent manipulation strategy to resolve the incompatibility between a high Yb3+ alloying ratio and inferior stability of Yb3+:CsPb(Cl1-xBrx)3. Precise control of solution polarity enables increased uniformity of the perovskite matrix with fewer trap densities. Employing this strategy, we obtain Yb3+:CsPb(Cl1-xBrx)3 with the highest Yb3+ alloying ratio of 30.2% and a 2-fold higher electroluminescence intensity at 990 nm. We lever the engineered Yb3+:CsPb(Cl1-xBrx)3 to fabricate NIR-LEDs, achieving a peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 8.5% at 990 nm: this represents the highest among perovskite NIR-LEDs with an emission wavelength above 950 nm.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(16): 2204-2207, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304957

RESUMO

Cu(II) supramolecular assemblies [Cu2(tipe)2(H2O)2](NO3)4·2.5H2O (CuN4) and [Cu2Cl4(tipe)(CH3CN)]·H2O (CuN2Cl2) (tipe = 1,1,2,2-tetrakis(4-(imidazole-1-yl)phenyl)ethene) were synthesized and utilized for photocatalytic CO2 reduction. CuN4 exhibits CO production of up to 891 µmol gcat-1 with a selectivity of 79.9%, while CuN2Cl2 gives low CO production of 206 µmol gcat-1 but with a high selectivity of >99.9% in 5 h. The experimental and DFT calculation results indicate that the coordination environment and non-covalent interactions within the assemblies have a great impact on the photocatalytic CO2 reduction behavior. This work provides useful insights on Cu(II) assembly catalyzed CO2 photoreduction.

9.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e25658, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370202

RESUMO

Degenerative tendon injuries are common clinical problems associated with overuse or aging, and understanding the mechanisms of tendon injury and regeneration can contribute to the study of tendon healing and repair. As a transcription factor, Mohawk (Mkx) is responsible for tendons development, yet, the roles of which in tendon damage remain mostly elusive. In this study, using Mkx overexpressed mice on long treadmill as an in vivo model and MkxOE Achilles tenocytes stimulated by equiaxial stretch as an in vitro model, we anaylsed the effects of Mkx overexpression on the tendon. Mkx and tendon tension strength were decreased after the expose to excessive mechanical forces, and Mkx overexpression protected the tendon from damage. Moreover, we revealed that the Wnt/ß-catenin activation, inflammation, and Runx2 expression were increased at the injured Achilles tendon, upregulated Mkx significantly reversed the increased Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, Tnf-α, Il-1ß, and Il-6 levels, and reduced tendon cell damage. However, Wnt3a, IWR and BIO had not significantly affected the Mkx expression in achilles tenocytes. In conclusion, Mkx is involved in tendon healing and protects the tendon from damage through suppressing Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, suggesting Mkx/Wnt/ß-catenin pathway may be potential therapeutic targets for tendon damage.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374504

RESUMO

Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl (FEN) is an aryloxy phenoxy propionate herbicide that has been widely used in paddy fields. Previous studies have indicated that FEN is highly toxic to aquatic organisms, but little is known about the developmental effects of FEN. This study investigated acute and developmental toxicity, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, and metabolomic analyses in zebrafish embryos after 96 h of exposure. FEN exhibited high acute toxicity to zebrafish embryos and larvae. Exposure to FEN could reduce heartbeat and hatching rates and increase malformation rates in embryos. Oxidative damage was also caused in embryos. The results of metabolomics analysis showed that 102 differentially abundant metabolites were found in zebrafish embryos in the 0.05 mg/L FEN treatment group, and 60 differentially abundant metabolites were found in the 0.20 mg/L FEN treatment group. These differentially abundant metabolites mainly belonged to 9 metabolic pathways, of which folate pathways and ABC transport protein pathways had the greatest impact. These results suggested that FEN induced high acute and developmental toxicity in zebrafish embryos.

11.
Comput Biol Med ; 171: 108054, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350396

RESUMO

Graph convolutional networks (GCNs), with their powerful ability to model non-Euclidean graph data, have shown advantages in learning representations of brain networks. However, considering the complexity, multilayeredness, and spatio-temporal dynamics of brain activities, we have identified two limitations in current GCN-based research on brain networks: 1) Most studies have focused on unidirectional information transmission across brain network levels, neglecting joint learning or bidirectional information exchange among networks. 2) Most of the existing models determine node neighborhoods by thresholding or simply binarizing the brain network, which leads to the loss of edge weight information and weakens the model's sensitivity to important information in the brain network. To address the above issues, we propose a multi-level dynamic brain network joint learning architecture based on GCN for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis. Specifically, firstly, constructing different-level dynamic brain networks. Then, utilizing joint learning based on GCN for interactive information exchange among these multi-level brain networks. Finally, designing an edge self-attention mechanism to assign different edge weights to inter-node connections, which allows us to pick out the crucial features for ASD diagnosis. Our proposed method achieves an accuracy of 81.5 %. The results demonstrate that our method enables bidirectional transfer of high-order and low-order information, facilitating information complementarity between different levels of brain networks. Additionally, the use of edge weights enhances the representation capability of ASD-related features.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353276

RESUMO

Correction for 'The {Cu2I2} cluster bearing metal organic frameworks: crystal structures and fluorescence detecting performances towards cysteine and explosive molecules' by Jiang Jiang et al., Dalton Trans., 2024, 53, 706-714, https://doi.org/10.1039/d3dt03363e.

13.
ISME J ; 18(1)2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365232

RESUMO

Ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) are among the most ubiquitous and abundant archaea on Earth, widely distributed in marine, terrestrial, and geothermal ecosystems. However, the genomic diversity, biogeography, and evolutionary process of AOA populations in subsurface environments are vastly understudied compared to those in marine and soil systems. Here, we report a novel AOA order Candidatus (Ca.) Nitrosomirales which forms a sister lineage to the thermophilic Ca. Nitrosocaldales. Metagenomic and 16S rRNA gene-read mapping demonstrates the abundant presence of Nitrosomirales AOA in various groundwater environments and their widespread distribution across a range of geothermal, terrestrial, and marine habitats. Terrestrial Nitrosomirales AOA show the genetic capacity of using formate as a source of reductant and using nitrate as an alternative electron acceptor. Nitrosomirales AOA appear to have acquired key metabolic genes and operons from other mesophilic populations via horizontal gene transfer, including genes encoding urease, nitrite reductase, and V-type ATPase. The additional metabolic versatility conferred by acquired functions may have facilitated their radiation into a variety of subsurface, marine, and soil environments. We also provide evidence that each of the four AOA orders spans both marine and terrestrial habitats, which suggests a more complex evolutionary history for major AOA lineages than previously proposed. Together, these findings establish a robust phylogenomic framework of AOA and provide new insights into the ecology and adaptation of this globally abundant functional guild.


Assuntos
Amônia , Archaea , Amônia/metabolismo , Ecossistema , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Filogenia , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384259

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to explore the composition space of Fe-C-Mn-Al steel using machine learning in order to identify materials with high-strength mechanical properties. A dataset of 580 steel samples was collected from the literature, each containing information on elemental composition, heat treatment processes, specimen dimensions, and mechanical properties (ultimate tensile strength and total elongation). Eight common machine learning models were constructed to predict the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and total elongation (TE) of the steel. It was observed that the random forest regression (RFR) model, when trained, demonstrated superior overall performance in predicting UTS, with an average absolute error of approximately 90 MPa, and TE, with an average absolute error of about 7.9%. Validation of the model using eight sets of data that were not part of the dataset revealed that the predictions were in close agreement with experimental results, indicating the strong predictive capability of the RFR model. Subsequently, the trained RFR model was used to explore the composition space of Fe-C-Mn-Al steel, identifying the top fifty combinations of elemental compositions and heat treatment parameters, all of which manifest high ultimate tensile strength (UTS). This provides valuable research directions and methods to expedite the development of high-strength Fe-C-Mn-Al steel.

15.
Bioresour Technol ; 396: 130430, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342280

RESUMO

Biocarrier is the key factor for the stable operation of moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). To achieve efficient simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND), this study provided novel flocking materials as biocarriers. The biofilm formation experiment showed that longer flocking carrier was more conducive to biomass accumulation, resulting in greater oxygen uptake rate. The continuous operation results showed that the total nitrogen removal and SND performance of the MBBR with the addition of 5.0 mm flocking carriers reached 52.0 % and 70.5 %, respectively, which were 29.1 % and 33.3 % greater than those of the control. Compared with those in suspended sludge, the extracellular polymeric substances and protein components in the biocarrier were more abundant. Furthermore, the relative abundance of genera related to denitrification and the nitrogen metabolic sequence improved with the addition of the novel flocking biocarriers. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of novel flocking fillers in improving the performance of MBBR.

16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 272: 116093, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364758

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been reported to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the effects of single or mixed PAHs exposure on unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). This study aimed to investigate the association between monohydroxylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and URSA in a case-control study. The results showed that 1-NAP, 2-NAP, 9-FLU, and 1-PYR were detected in 100% of the subjects among measured all sixteen OH-PAHs. Compared with those in the lowest quartiles, participants in the highest quartiles of 3-BAA were associated with a higher risk of URSA (OR (95%CI) = 3.56(1.28-9.85)). With each one-unit increase of ln-transformed 3-BAA, the odds of URSA increased by 41% (OR (95%CI) = 1.41(1.05-1.89)). Other OH-PAHs showed negative or non-significant associations with URSA. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression, Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR), and quantile-based g-computation (qgcomp) analyses consistently identified 3-BAA as the major contributor to the mixture effect of OH-PAHs on URSA. Our findings suggest that exposure to 3-BAA may be a potential risk factor for URSA. However, further prospective studies are needed to validate our findings in the future.

17.
Environ Int ; 184: 108459, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320373

RESUMO

Disruption of thyroid homeostasis has been indicated in human studies on the effects of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). However, limited research exists on this topic within the general Chinese population. Based on a substantial and representative sample of the Chinese adult population, our study provides insight into how PFASs specifically affect thyroid homeostasis. The study included 10 853 participants, aged 18 years and above, sampled from nationally representative data provided by the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM). Weighted multiple linear regression and restricted cubic spline (RCS) models were used to explore the associations between eight individual PFAS concentrations and total thyroxine (T4), total triiodothyronine (T3), and the T4/T3 ratio. Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) and quantile-based g-computation (qgcomp) were employed to explore the joint and independent effects of PFASs on thyroid homeostasis. Both individual PFASs and PFAS mixtures exhibited a significant inverse association with serum T3 and T4 levels, and displayed a positive association with the T4/T3 ratio. Perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA) [-0.07 (95 % confidence interval (CI): -0.08, -0.05)] exhibited the largest change in T3 level. PFUnDA also exhibited a higher weight compared to other PFAS compounds in qgcomp models. Additionally, a critical exposure threshold for each PFAS was identified based on nonlinear dose-response associations; beyond these thresholds, the decreases in T3 and T4 levels plateaued. Specifically, for perfluoroheptane sulfonic acid (PFHpS) and 6:2 chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate (6:2 Cl-PFESA), an initial decline in hormone levels was observed, followed by a slight increase when concentrations surpassed 0.7 ng/mL and 2.5 ng/mL, respectively. Sex-specific effects were more pronounced in females, and significant associations were observed predominantly in younger age groups. These insights contribute to our understanding of how PFAS compounds impact thyroid health and emphasize the need for further research and environmental management measures to address these complexities.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Poluentes Ambientais , Ácidos Graxos , Fluorocarbonos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Teorema de Bayes , Hormônios Tireóideos , Fluorocarbonos/análise , China
18.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 77(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366661

RESUMO

This study aims to isolate microbial strains for producing mono-rhamnolipids with high proportion. Oily sludge is rich in petroleum and contains diverse biosurfactant-producing strains. A biosurfactant-producing strain LP20 was isolated from oily sludge, identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa based on phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA. High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry results indicated that biosurfactants produced from LP20 were rhamnolipids, mainly containing Rha-C8-C10, Rha-C10-C10, Rha-Rha-C8-C10, Rha-Rha-C10-C10, Rha-C10-C12:1, and Rha-C10-C12. Interestingly, more mono-rhamnolipids were produced by strain LP20 with a relative abundance of 64.5%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa LP20 optimally produced rhamnolipids at a pH of 7.0 and a salinity of 0.1% using glycerol and nitrate. The culture medium for rhamnolipids by strain LP20 was optimized by response surface methodology. LP20 produced rhamnolipids up to 6.9 g L-1, increased by 116%. Rhamnolipids produced from LP20 decreased the water surface tension to 28.1 mN m-1 with a critical micelle concentration of 60 mg L-1. The produced rhamnolipids emulsified many hydrocarbons with EI24 values higher than 56% and showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Cladosporium sp. with inhibition rates 48.5% and 17.9%, respectively. Pseudomonas aeruginosa LP20 produced more proportion of mono-rhamnolipids, and the LP20 rhamnolipids exhibited favorable activities and promising potential in microbial-enhanced oil recovery, bioremediation, and agricultural biocontrol.

19.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e23582, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38187248

RESUMO

The involvement of the mitochondrial ribosomal protein 13 (MRPL13) gene in the development of adenocarcinoma has been previously reported. However, the clinicopathological significance of MRPL13 in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) remains poorly understood. To gain insight into the clinicopathological and immunological implications of MRPL13 expression in SCC, we conducted a bioinformatic analysis utilizing various available databases, including TIMER 2.0, Xiantao academic tool and TISIDB, attempting to evaluate the abnormal expression, prognosis and immunological correlation of MRPL13 in the pan-SCC setting. Subsequently, we conducted experimental verification using an esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissue array subjected to multiplexed immunofluorescent (mIF) staining. The ESCC tissue array we used consists of 93 dots of ESCC and 86 dots of matched adjacent normal tissues (ANT). Data from in silico analyses showed that MRPL13 mRNA is significantly up-regulated and correlated with infiltration of CD8+ T cells in pan-SCC. However, in silico analyses did not support the prognostic role of MRPL13 in SCC. Consistently, data from the ESCC tissue array showed that MRPL13 was remarkably elevated in ESCC tissues relative to ANT in stroma, which was controlled by pan-cytokeratin (pan-CK) staining. In the epithelia, no significant difference was identified between ESCC and ANT. Furthermore, MRPL13 expression markedly correlated with the infiltration of CD8+ T cells in the stromal region but not in the epithelial region. Prognostically, no significant association was observed between MRPL13 expression and overall survival, regardless of epithelial or stromal section. Through these pan-SCC analyses, we have expanded the understanding of MRPL13 previously reported, in particular, underscoring the immunological involvement of MRPL13 in the tumor microenvironment of SCC that has been under-recognized before, suggesting that MRPL13 may regulate the infiltration of CD8+ T cells into the SCC microenvironment.

20.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1288: 342172, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs play an important role in regulating cell function and gene expression. Early prevention and clinical diagnosis of diseases have high requirements for high-sensitivity detection of microRNAs. Due to the limitations of tedious operation and large sample size, miRNA with small molecular weight and low expression abundance cannot be accurately detected in traditional miRNA detection. To improve the sensitivity and accuracy of detection, we established a novel biosensor based on nucleic acid circuit of signal amplification, which converted miRNA recognition into a fluorescence signal for amplification. RESULTS: We designed a biosensor based on an exponential amplification reaction with cascaded HCR and DNAzyme nucleic acid circuit (named E-NOF biosensor) by amplicon sub-fragments to trigger the construction of fluorescence nano-orbitals (NOF), which could be used to detect miRNA ultrasensitively. By modifying two fluorophores (Cy3 and Cy5) on the chain of constructing nano-orbitals, when the amplicon triggered the construction of nano-orbitals, fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) occurred between Cy3 and Cy5, and then two fluorescence signals with different trends could be observed. Therefore, through the ratio of the two signals, we could quantitatively and quickly detect the miRNA from 1 fM to 100 nM, and the E-NOF biosensor detection limit was as low as 0.129 fM. Furthermore, the HCR nucleic acid circuit cascaded with DNAzyme could enrich the fluorophores on the nano-orbitals and significantly enhance the fluorescence signal by accelerating the reaction rate. SIGNIFICANCE: According to our understanding, the E-NOF biosensor is the first strategy to cascade EXPAR with HCR and DNAzyme nucleic acid circuit for miRNA-1246 detection. Accurate results can be obtained in only 120 min. Compared with the traditional HCR system, the sensitivity of the new E-NOF biosensor is increased by 1 × 109 times. Furthermore, the biosensor can also detect biomarkers in human serum samples. It has great potential in miRNA detection and identification.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Carbocianinas , DNA Catalítico , MicroRNAs , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Limite de Detecção , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Corantes Fluorescentes , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...