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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the collision relationship and the cause of the fracture caused by traffic accidents in which the front of a small car collides with the side of a pedestrian while braking. METHODS: The surveillance videos of 42 traffic accidents involving the front of a small car colliding with the side of a pedestrian while braking were collected. By analyzing the surveillance videos and the paths, the speed of the collision, the relationship between the vehicle and the pedestrian upon collision, and the movement trajectory of the human body were clearly identified. The type and severity of the injuries were also determined through autopsy. The characteristics of the human injuries and vehicle paths were analyzed according to the collision speed (<40 km/h, 40-60 km/h, 60-90 km/h), and the correlations between the fracture and the height of the pedestrian, the height of the hood and the length of the hood were discussed. RESULTS: When a small car hits the side of a pedestrian, the front bumper first hits the lower limbs of the pedestrian, and then, the human body falls to the side of the vehicle, causing a secondary collision with the hood and front windshield; thus, the pedestrian is thrown at a speed similar to the speed of the vehicle, finally falling to the ground and sliding forward a certain distance. (1) When V is less than 40 km/h (n = 10), the pedestrian's head did not collide with the windshield, and the fatal injuries were caused by the individual striking the ground. (2) When V is greater than 40 km/h (n = 32), the majority (97%) of cases showed collision with the windshield. (3) When 40 to 60 km/h (n = 16), the pedestrian's head collided with the windshield, which can cause fatal injuries, and pelvic fractures and rib fractures occurred in 56.25% of patients. (4) When V is less than 60 km/h (n = 26), the ratio of the height of the pedestrian to the height of the hood was significantly smaller in the pelvic fracture group than in the nonpelvic fracture group (P < 0.01). (5) When 60 to 90 km/h (n = 16), there were holes in the windshield, and the pedestrians experienced severe head injuries, with cervical spine fracture occurring in 37.5% of patients, pelvic fractures occurring in 43.75% of patients, and rib fractures occurring in 31.25% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: When V is less than 40 km/h, the vehicle does not cause severe injuries in pedestrians; when V is greater than 40 km/h, the collisions of the pedestrian's head with the windshield lead to severe head injuries and the accident can cause severe pelvic and rib fractures; when V is greater than 60 km/h, the collisions of the pedestrian's head with the windshield can cause cervical spine fracture in addition to head injuries. The occurrence of human injuries is related to not only the vehicle speed but also factors such as the height of the pedestrian, the height of the hood and the length of the hood.

3.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524457

RESUMO

Endometrial receptivity is crucial for successful embryo implantation It is regulated by multiple factors which include ovarian steroid hormones and the immune microenvironment among others. Nod Like Receptor Pyrins-3 (NLRP3) is a key intracellular pattern-recognition receptor and a critical component of the inflammasome, which plays an essential role in the development of inflammation and of immune responses. However, the physiological functions of NLRP3 in the endometrium remain largely unclear. This study investigated the physiological and pathological significance of NLRP3 in human endometrial epithelial cell during the implantation window. NLRP3 is highly expressed during the mid-proliferative and mid-secretory phases of the human endometrium and transcriptionally up-regulated by estradiol (E2) through estrogen receptor ß (ERß). In addition, NLRP3 promotes embryo implantation and enhances epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of Ishikawa (IK) cells via both inflammasome-dependent and inflammasome-independent pathways, which might provide a novel insight into endometrial receptivity and embryo implantation. Our findings suggest that NLRP3, which is transcriptionally regulated by E2, induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition of endometrial epithelial cells and promotes embryo adhesion.

4.
Biogerontology ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524607

RESUMO

YPK9/YOR291W of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a vacuolar membrane protein. Previous research has suggested that Ypk9p is similar to the yeast P5-type ATPase Spf1p and that it plays a role in the sequestration of heavy metals. In addition, bioinformatics analysis has suggested that Ypk9p is a homolog of human ATP13A2, which encodes a protein of the subfamily of P5 ATPases. However, no specific function of Ypk9p has been described to date. In this study, we found, for the first time, that YPK9 is involved in the oxidative stress response and modulation of the replicative lifespan (RLS). We found that YPK9 deficiency confers sensitivity to the oxidative stress inducer hydrogen peroxide accompanied by increased intracellular ROS levels, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, abnormal mitochondrial function, and increased incidence of early apoptosis in budding yeast. More importantly, YPK9 deficiency can lead to a shortened RLS. In addition, we found that overexpression of the catalase-encoding gene CTA1 can reverse the phenotypic abnormalities of the ypk9Δ yeast strain. Collectively, these findings highlight the involvement of Ypk9p in the oxidative stress response and modulation of RLS.

5.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(9): 815-820, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533129

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of salvianolic acid B (SalB) on the proliferation, migration and differentiation of human gingival mesenchymal stem cells (hGMSCs). Methods The hGMSCs were isolated and cultured, and the expressions of CD73, CD90, CD34, and CD45 were detected by flow cytometry; logarithmic phase cells were selected and hGMSCs were treated with 0, 5, 10 µmol/L SalB for 24 hours. The proliferation activity of cells in each group was detected by CCK-8 assay, the migration ability of cells was detected by TranswellTM assay and scratch test, and the osteogenic differentiation ability and the adipogenic differentiation ability were detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and oil red O staining, respectively; the mRNA and protein expressions of cell differentiation proteins and genes as well as proteins related to the PI3K/AKT signal pathway were detected by Real-time quantiative PCR and Western blotting. Results The proliferation and migration ability of SalB-treated hGMSCs were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner; the ability of osteogenic differentiation of hGMSCs and the expressions of osteogenesis associated proteins and PI3K/AKT signal pathway related proteins were up-regulated, while the adipogenic differentiation decreased, and the expression of adipogenesis related proteins was significantly down-regulated. Conclusion SalB promotes the proliferation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation of hGMSCs and inhibits the adipogenic differentiation, which may be related to the activation of PI3K/AKT signal pathway.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Benzofuranos , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética
6.
Cell Signal ; 87: 110137, 2021 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469786

RESUMO

During osteoporosis, fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promotes the shift of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells to adipocytes and represses osteoblast activity. However, the role and mechanisms of FTO on osteoclast formation and bone resorption remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of FTO on RAW264.7 cells and bone marrow monocytes (BMMs)-derived osteoclasts in vitro and observed the influence of FTO on ovariectomized (OVX) mice model to mimic postmenopausal osteoporosis in vivo. Results found that FTO was up-regulated in BMMs from OVX mice. Double immunofluorescence assay showed co-localization of FTO with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in femurs of OVX mice. FTO overexpression enhanced TRAP-positive osteoclasts and F-actin ring formation in RAW264.7 cells upon RANKL stimulation. The expression of osteoclast differentiation-related genes, including nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1) and c-FOS, was upregulated in BMMs and RAW264.7 cells after FTO overexpression. FTO overexpression induced the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 in BMMs and RAW264.7 cells exposed to RANKL. ChIP and dual-luciferase assays revealed that FTO overexpression contributed to RANKL-induced binding of NF-κB to NFATc1 promoter. Rescue experiments suggested that FTO overexpression-mediated osteoclast differentiation was suppressed after intervention with a NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate. Further in vivo evidence revealed that FTO knockdown increased bone trabecula and bone mineral density, inhibited bone resorption and osteoclastogenesis in osteoporotic mice. Collectively, our research demonstrates that downregulated FTO inhibits bone resorption and osteoclastogenesis through NF-κB inactivation, which provides a novel reference for osteoporosis treatment.

7.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105278, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474303

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of cancers, neurodegenerative diseases and autoimmune disorders. Herein a novel series of pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-based HDAC inhibitors were designed, synthesized and biologically evaluated, among which compounds 7a, 12a1, and 16a1 exhibited potent inhibitory activities and selectivities against HDAC6. Notably, compared with the well-known HDAC6 inhibitor Tubastatin A, our pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-based HDAC6 inhibitors showed superior in vitro antiproliferative activity against human multiple myeloma cell lines RPMI 8226, U266 and MM.1S, while maintaining the low cytotoxicity against human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 and two normal cell lines. The HDAC6 selective inhibition of one representative compound 12a1 in RPMI 8226 cells was confirmed by western blot analysis. Although pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine is a privileged structure in many kinase inhibitors, compound 12a1 showed negligible inhibition against several kinases including JAK family members and Akt1, indicating its acceptable off-target profile. Besides, compound 12a1 exhibited desirable metabolic stability in mouse liver microsome. The in vivo anti-multiple myeloma potency of 12a1, alone and in combination with bortezomib, was demonstrated in a RPMI 8226 xenograft model.

8.
Nanoscale ; 13(31): 13328-13343, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477739

RESUMO

Facing the barriers in each step of the in vivo delivery cascade, the low drug delivery efficiency remains problematic in tumor therapy. Although recently the nanofibril drug delivery systems have shown improved circulation and accumulation compared with nanoparticles, the poor deep penetration and cellular internalization hinder their application, especially for pancreatic cancer with dense stroma. To comprehensively address the hurdles in the delivery cascade, a matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) responsive transformable beaded nanofibril, which integrates the merits of nanofibril and small-sized nanoparticles, is established. The beaded nanofibril (GD@PPF) is prepared by conjugating gemcitabine-loaded small-sized nanoparticles (GD) with fibrous PEG-PCL (PPF) via GPLGVRG, a substrate peptide of MMP-2. GD@PPF escapes the clearance of the reticuloendothelial system (RES), prolongs the circulation time, and increases the selective accumulation in the tumor as fibrous micelles. Once accumulated in the tumor, small positively-charged GD is released from the beaded nanofibrils in response to MMP-2 overexpression in the stroma of pancreatic cancer, enabling permeation in the dense tumor matrix and cellular internalization, which makes up for the shortcomings of fibrous micelles. Furthermore, the remaining fibrous PPF surround the tumor tightly to impede the efflux of drugs, leading to improved retention. GD@PPF is biocompatible and exhibits excellent antitumor effect in Pan 02 subcutaneous tumor models. Therefore, the MMP-2 responsive transformable beaded nanofibril, which enhances the delivery efficiency in multiple stage of the delivery cascade, presents a promising strategy for pancreatic cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Micelas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Brain Res Bull ; 176: 174-183, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478811

RESUMO

Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor expressed in various brain regions. However, little is known about the role of AHR during neuroinflammation in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrathydropyridine (MPTP)-induced Parkinson's disease (PD) mouse model. Here, mice were sacrificed at day 4, day 6 and day 8 respectively after MPTP or saline treatment. Behavioral tests, Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression, glial reaction, and AHR expression and activation were then assayed. As expected, mice treated with MPTP showed apparent behavioral dysfunctions and significantly reduced TH content. Immunofluorescence (IF) labeling showed an increased trend of phosphorylated AHR activation in the Substantia Nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and striatum after MPTP treatment. Western blot analysis demonstrated that MPTP treatment induced a significantly increased level of AHR at each time point tested, with the highest level observed at day 6 in the striatum. To determine exactly the AHR activation in relation to changes of glial cell reactivity, double IF labeling was performed for either IBA1 (microglia marker) and p-AHR, or GFAP (astrocyte marker) and p-AHR. The results demonstrated that MPTP treatment not only increases the number of p-AHR-positive IBA1-expressing cells in the striatum and the SNpc, but also increases that of p-AHR-positive GFAP-expressing cells in the striatum. Intriguingly, the increase of the number of cells co-expressing both p-AHR and IBA1 was highest at day 4 in response to MPTP in the striatum and at day 8 in the SNpc. The number of cells co-expressing both p-AHR and GFAP was increased at days 4, 6 and 8 in the striatum. In conclusion, our study suggests that AHR activation may facilitate PD diagnosis and serve as a target for the treatment of PD.

10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17858, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504199

RESUMO

Protein lysine acetylation (Kac) is an important post-translational modification in both animal and plant cells. Global Kac identification has been performed at the proteomic level in various species. However, the study of Kac in oil and resource plant species is relatively limited. Soybean is a globally important oil crop and resouce plant. In the present study, lysine acetylome analysis was performed in soybean leaves with proteomics techniques. Various bioinformatics analyses were performed to illustrate the structure and function of these Kac sites and proteins. Totally, 3148 acetylation sites in 1538 proteins were detected. Motif analysis of these Kac modified peptides extracted 17 conserved motifs. These Kac modified protein showed a wide subcellular location and functional distribution. Chloroplast is the primary subcellular location and cellular component where Kac proteins were localized. Function and pathways analyses indicated a plenty of biological processes and metabolism pathways potentially be influenced by Kac modification. Ribosome activity and protein biosynthesis, carbohydrate and energy metabolism, photosynthesis and fatty acid metabolism may be regulated by Kac modification in soybean leaves. Our study suggests Kac plays an important role in soybean physiology and biology, which is an available resource and reference of Kac function and structure characterization in oil crop and resource plant, as well as in plant kingdom.

11.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 263, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481503

RESUMO

Melatonin has been proposed as a potent anticarcinogen presents a short half-life for osteosarcoma (OS). Cell-in-cell (CIC) structures play a role in the development of malignant tumors by changing the tumor cell energy metabolism. This study developed a melatonin-loaded 3D printed magnesium-polycaprolactone (Mg-PCL) scaffold and investigated its effect and molecular mechanism on CIC in OS. Mg-PCL scaffold was prepared by 3D-printing and its characteristic was determined. The effect and molecular mechanism of Mg-PCL scaffold as well as melatonin-loaded Mg-PCL on OS growth and progression were investigated in vivo and in vitro. We found that melatonin receptor 1 (MT1) and CIC expressions were increased in OS tissues and cells. Melatonin treatment inhibit the key CIC pathway, Rho/ROCK, through the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway, interfering with the mitochondrial physiology of OS cells, and thus playing an anti-invasion and anti-metastasis role in OS. The Mg-PCL-MT could significantly inhibit distant organ metastasis of OS in the in vivo model. Our results showed that melatonin-loaded Mg-PCL scaffolds inhibited the proliferation, invasion and metastasis of OS cells through the CIC pathway. The Mg-PCL-MT could be a potential therapeutics for OS.

12.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256628, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492040

RESUMO

Paratuberculosis a contagious and chronic disease in domestic and wild ruminants, is caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Typical clinical signs include intractable diarrhea, progressive emaciation, proliferative enteropathy, and mesenteric lymphadenitis. Paratuberculosis is endemic to many parts of the world and responsible for considerable economic losses. In this study, different types of paratuberculosis and MAP in sheep and goats were investigated in Inner Mongolia, a northern province in China contiguous with two countries and eight other provinces. A total of 4434 serum samples were collected from six cities in the western, central, and eastern regions of Inner Mongolia and analyzed using the ELISA test. In addition, tissue samples were collected from seven animals that were suspected to be infected with MAP. Finally, these tissues samples were analyzed by histopathological examination followed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), IS1311 PCR-restriction enzyme analysis (PCR-REA), and a sequence analysis of five genes. Among all 4434 ruminant serum samples collected from the six cities in the western, central, and eastern regions of Inner Mongolia, 7.60% (337/4434) measured positive for the MAP antibody. The proportions of positive MAP antibody results for serum samples collected in the western, central, and eastern regions were 5.10% (105/2058), 6.63% (85/1282), and 13.44% (147/1094), respectively. For the seven suspected infected animals selected from the herd with the highest rate of positivity, the gross pathology and histopathology of the necropsied animals were found to be consistent with the pathological features of paratuberculosis. The PCR analysis further confirmed the diagnosis of paratuberculosis. The rest of the results demonstrated that herds of sheep and goats in Inner Mongolia were infected with both MAP type II and type III. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of the two subtypes of MAP strains in sheep and goats in Inner Mongolia.

13.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 9946015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497666

RESUMO

It is urgent to identify novel biomarkers for prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis and to understand the mechanisms regulating the tumorigenesis for PCa treatment. In this study, GSE17951 and TCGA were used to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Our study demonstrated that 1533 genes with increased expression and 2301 genes with decreased expression in PCa. Bioinformatics analysis data indicated that these up-regulated genes had an association with the modulation of mitotic nuclear division, sister chromatid cohesion, cell division, and cell cycle. Additionally, our results revealed downregulated genes took part in modulating extracellular matrix organization, angiogenesis, signal transduction, and Ras signaling pathway. Hub upregulated and downregulated PPI networks were identified by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis and MCODE analysis. Of note, 12 cell cycle regulators, comprising CCNB1, CCNB2, PLK1, TTK, AURKA, CDC20, BUB1, PTTG1, CDC45, CDC25C, CCNA2, and BUB1B, were demonstrated to function crucially in PCa development. By detecting their expression in PCa cell lines, we confirmed that these cell cycle regulator expressions were heightened in PCa cells. GEPIA databases analysis showed that higher expression of these cell cycle regulators was correlated to shorter disease-free survival (DFS) time in PCa samples. Our findings collectively suggested targeting cell cycle pathways may offer novel prognosis and treatment biomarkers for PCa.

14.
J Control Release ; 338: 662-679, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478751

RESUMO

Inflammatory feed-forward loops including the steps of "inflammatory cell recruitment", "inflammatory signaling pathway activation" and "inflammatory factor production" are essential in the development of breast cancer and its metastasis. Herein, a doxorubicin-loaded micellar low-molecular-weight-heparin-astaxanthin nanoparticle (LMWH-AST/DOX, LA/DOX NP) was developed. The hydrophilic LMWH could decrease the recruitment of neutrophils in liver and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in lung and tumor through P-selectin blockage. The hydrophobic AST could inhibit nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathways. Therefore, LA/DOX NPs could block these loops and suppress the liver metastasis by inhibiting the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), inhibit the lung metastasis and alleviate the inflammatory and immunosuppressive microenvironment in tumor. This is the first functional nanoparticle reported to shut down inflammatory feed-forward loops and the formation of NETs, which provides a promising therapeutic strategy for breast cancer and its liver and lung metastasis.

15.
J Immunol ; 207(7): 1903-1910, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497149

RESUMO

Retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs), including RIG-I (encoded by Ddx58) and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) (encoded by Ifih1), are crucial for initiating antiviral responses. Endogenous retroviral elements (ERVs) are transposable elements derived from exogenous retroviruses that are integrated into the genome. KRAB-associated protein 1 (KAP1) is a key epigenetic suppressor of ERVs that protects cells from detrimental genome instability. Increased ERV transcripts are sensed by RLRs and trigger innate immune signaling. However, whether KAP1 directly controls RLRs activity remains unclear. In this study, we show that KAP1 attenuates RNA viral infection-induced type I IFNs and facilitates viral replication by inhibiting RIG-I/MDA5 expression in primary peritoneal macrophages (PMs) of C57BL/6J mice. Kap1 deficiency increases IFN-ß expression and inhibits vesicular stomatitis virus replication in C57BL/6J mice in vivo. Mechanistically, KAP1 binds to the promoter regions of Ddx58 and Ifih1 and promotes the establishment of repressive histone marks in primary PMs of C57BL/6J mice. Concordantly, KAP1 suppresses the expression of RIG-I and MDA5 at the transcriptional level in primary PMs of C57BL/6J mice. Our results establish that KAP1 epigenetically suppresses host antiviral responses by directly targeting RIG-1 and MDA5, thus facilitating the immune escape of RNA viruses.

16.
Neuroreport ; 32(15): 1248-1254, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential therapeutic effects of a newly discovered osteopontin-derived synthetic peptide "RSKKFRR" in a rat model of ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 24 male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups. The model of ischemic stroke was made up of the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MACO). The rats were divided into sham operation group (Sham), control group (MACO + PBS) and treatment group (MACO + OPNpt9), eight rats in each group. In the control group and the treatment group, PBS or OPNpt9 was injected into the nasal cavity after MACO once a day, and the area of new blood vessels and the recovery of nerve function were observed 14 days later. Whether the proliferation, migration and tube formation of HUVECs were promoted by OPNpt9 was tested. The expression levels of related proangiogenic factors were also detected. RESULTS: OPNpt9 was found to contribute to cerebral microvascular remodeling and neurological improvement in ischemic rats while promoting endothelial cell migration, proliferation and tube formation in vitro. These effects were mediated by activation of the p-ERK/MMP-9/VEGF pathway. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, OPNpt9 promotes angiogenesis and neurological recovery after ischemic stroke.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519138

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dialectical behaviour therapy(DBT) has been widely used for borderline personality disorder(BPD). Existing studies are limited to behaviours such as self-harm, and the results for reducing self-harm were controversial. Few have systematically evaluated the effect of DBT on self-harming behaviours and negative emotions. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the effects of DBT on self-harming behaviours and negative emotions in patients with BPD. METHODS: RCTs on DBT for BPD were searched from PubMed, Embase, etc., and the results were performed by RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: The meta-analysis demonstrated that DBT reduced self-harming behaviours, and alleviated depression, but had a negligible effect on suicidal ideation and anger. One subgroup revealed that standard DBT improved depression significantly, but DBT skills training improved poorly. Another subgroup revealed that there was a significant reduction in depression among patients receiving DBT for 4 months to 14 months, but not at 4 months. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Findings indicate that DBT can reduce self-harming behaviours and improve depression, but effects on suicidal ideation and anger are insignificant. Subgroup analysis suggests that standard DBT and DBT-ST lasting beyond 4 months benefits on BPD. Given the quality and quantity restrictions of RCTs, more high-quality RCTs need to verify these effects.

18.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488196

RESUMO

Hexagonal BCN (h-BCN) is considered to be a promising dielectric ceramic material with a hybrid B-C-N structure and an electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorbing material with tunable properties. H-BCN bulk and microtube architectures are simultaneously synthesized by precursor pyrolysis method using BCl3, aniline (AN) and diethylenetriamine (DETA) as the raw material. By analyzing its electromagnetic parameters, the effective absorption bandwidth of the sample cracking at 900 ℃ with the proportion of raw materials (DETA: AN=1:1) can be up to 7.2 GHz, and the minimum reflection loss (RL) can reach -43.6 dB at 7.92 GHz with a thickness of 3.5 mm. Moreover, the EMW absorbing property of the ceramic can be tuned by adjusting the ratio of monomers, pyrolysis temperature, and cooling rates.

20.
Neurochem Res ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498160

RESUMO

The effects of general anesthetics on the developing brain have aroused much attention in recent years. Sevoflurane, a commonly used inhalation anesthetic especially in pediatric anesthesia, can induce developmental neurotoxicity. In this study, the differentially expressed mRNAs in the hippocampus of newborn rats exposed to 3% sevoflurane for 6 h were detected by RNA-Sequencing. Those data indicated that the mRNA of Klotho was increased after exposure to sevoflurane. Moreover, the protein expression of Klotho was assayed by Western Blot. Besides over-expression and under-expression of Klotho protein, we also detected changes of cell proliferation, ROS, JC-1, and Bcl-2/Bax ratio in PC12 cells exposed to sevoflurane. After exposure to 3% sevoflurane, the expression of Klotho protein increased in the hippocampus of neonatal rats. In PC12 cells, exposure to sevoflurane could increase cellular ROS level, reduce mitochondrial membrane potential and Bcl-2/Bax ratio. While overexpression of Klotho alleviated the above changes, knockdown of Klotho aggravated the injury of sevoflurane. Klotho protein could reduce oxidative stress and mitochondrial injury induced by sevoflurane in the neuron.

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