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1.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 26(2): 496-514, feb. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-230194

RESUMO

Background Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common types of malignant tumors, with a slow onset, rapid progression, and frequent recurrence. Previous research has implicated mitochondrial ribosomal genes in the development, metastasis, and prognosis of various cancers. However, further research is necessary to establish a link between mitochondrial ribosomal protein (MRP) family expression and HCC diagnosis, prognosis, ferroptosis-related gene (FRG) expression, m6A modification-related gene expression, tumor immunity, and drug sensitivity. Methods Bioinformatics resources were used to analyze data from patients with HCC retrieved from the TCGA, ICGC, and GTEx databases (GEPIA, UALCAN, Xiantao tool, cBioPortal, STRING, Cytoscape, TISIDB, and GSCALite). Results Among the 82 MRP family members, 14 MRP genes (MRPS21, MRPS23, MRPL9, DAP3, MRPL13, MRPL17, MRPL24, MRPL55, MRPL16, MRPL14, MRPS17, MRPL47, MRPL21, and MRPL15) were significantly upregulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in HCC tumor samples in comparison to normal samples. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that all 14 DEGs show good diagnostic performance. Furthermore, TCGA analysis revealed that the mRNA expression of 39 MRPs was associated with overall survival (OS) in HCC. HCC was divided into two molecular subtypes (C1 and C2) with distinct prognoses using clustering analysis. The clusters showed different FRG expression and m6A methylation profiles and immune features, and prognostic models showed that the model integrating 5 MRP genes (MRPS15, MRPL3, MRPL9, MRPL36, and MRPL37) and 2 FRGs (SLC1A5 and SLC5A11) attained a greater clinical net benefit than three other prognostic models. Finally, analysis of the CTRP and GDSC databases revealed several potential drugs that could target prognostic MRP genes (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Prognóstico , Proteínas de Transporte de Sódio-Glucose
3.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 30, 2024 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341586

RESUMO

Bladder cancer ranks as the 10th most common cancer worldwide, with deteriorating prognosis as the disease advances. While immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have shown promise in clinical therapy in both operable and advanced bladder cancer, identifying patients who will respond is challenging. Anoikis, a specialized form of cell death that occurs when cells detach from the extracellular matrix, is closely linked to tumor progression. Here, we aimed to explore the anoikis-based biomarkers for bladder cancer prognosis and immunotherapeutic decisions. Through consensus clustering, we categorized patients from the TCGA-BLCA cohort into two clusters based on anoikis-related genes (ARGs). Significant differences in survival outcome, clinical features, tumor immune environment (TIME), and potential ICIs response were observed between clusters. We then formulated a four-gene signature, termed "Ascore", to encapsulate this gene expression pattern. The Ascore was found to be closely associated with survival outcome and served as an independent prognosticator in both the TCGA-BLCA cohort and the IMvigor210 cohort. It also demonstrated superior predictive capacity (AUC = 0.717) for bladder cancer immunotherapy response compared to biomarkers like TMB and PD-L1. Finally, we evaluated Ascore's independent prognostic performance as a non-invasive biomarker in our clinical cohort (Gulou-Cohort1) using circulating tumor cells detection, achieving an AUC of 0.803. Another clinical cohort (Gulou-Cohort2) consisted of 40 patients undergoing neoadjuvant anti-PD-1 treatment was also examined. Immunohistochemistry of Ascore in these patients revealed its correlation with the pathological response to bladder cancer immunotherapy (P = 0.004). Impressively, Ascore (AUC = 0.913) surpassed PD-L1 (AUC = 0.662) in forecasting immunotherapy response and indicated better net benefit. In conclusion, our study introduces Ascore as a novel, robust prognostic biomarker for bladder cancer, offering a new tool for enhancing immunotherapy decisions and contributing to the tailored treatment approaches in this field.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1 , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Prognóstico , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Anoikis/genética , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Imunoterapia , Biomarcadores , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(2): 101416, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350451

RESUMO

Peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas varying in clinical, phenotypic, and genetic features. The molecular pathogenesis and the role of the tumor microenvironment in PTCL are poorly understood, with limited biomarkers available for genetic subtyping and targeted therapies. Through an integrated genomic and transcriptomic study of 221 PTCL patients, we delineate the genetic landscape of PTCL, enabling molecular and microenvironment classification. According to the mutational status of RHOA, TET2, histone-modifying, and immune-related genes, PTCL is divided into 4 molecular subtypes with discrete patterns of gene expression, biological aberrations, and vulnerabilities to targeted agents. We also perform an unsupervised clustering on the microenvironment transcriptional signatures and categorize PTCL into 4 lymphoma microenvironment subtypes based on characteristic activation of oncogenic pathways and composition of immune communities. Our findings highlight the potential clinical rationale of future precision medicine strategies that target both molecular and microenvironment alterations in PTCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Mutação , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain dynamics underlie complex forms of flexible cognition or the ability to shift between different mental modes. However, the precise dynamic reconfiguration based on multi-layer network analysis and the genetic mechanisms of major depressive disorder (MDD) remains unclear. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were acquired from the REST-meta-MDD consortium, including 555 patients with MDD and 536 healthy controls (HC). A time-varying multi-layer network was constructed, and dynamic modular characteristics were used to investigate the network reconfiguration. Additionally, partial least squares regression analysis was performed using transcriptional data provided by the Allen Human Brain Atlas (AHBA) to identify genes associated with atypical dynamic network reconfiguration in MDD. RESULTS: In comparison to HC, patients with MDD exhibited lower global and local recruitment coefficients. The local reduction was particularly evident in the salience and subcortical networks. Spatial transcriptome correlation analysis revealed an association between gene expression profiles and atypical dynamic network reconfiguration observed in MDD. Further functional enrichment analyses indicated that positively weighted reconfiguration-related genes were primarily associated with metabolic and biosynthetic pathways. Additionally, negatively enriched genes were predominantly related to programmed cell death-related terms. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings offer robust evidence of the atypical dynamic reconfiguration in patients with MDD from a novel perspective. These results offer valuable insights for further exploration into the mechanisms underlying MDD.

6.
Asian J Surg ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302364

RESUMO

Currently, colorectal cancer has the third highest incidence worldwide. As its incidence is increasing, focus on quality of life after laparoscopic radical resection for colorectal cancer has also increased. This study aimed to compare the effects of retention or resection of the Denonvilliers'fascia on urinary and sexual functions in men who underwent laparoscopic radical resection for rectal cancer. Relevant national and international literature databases, including China Knowledge Network, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Excerpta Medica Database, were searched according to the established retrieval scheme. Review Manager 5.3 was used to analyze data, and the correct effect model was selected based on heterogeneity. In total, 22 studies involving 2255 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The studies were categorized into the experimental and control groups. The incidence of urinary dysfunction was lower in the experimental group than in the control group at 1 and 6 months postoperatively. In terms of sexual function, the experimental group had lower rates of erectile and ejaculatory dysfunctions than the control group at 1, 3, and 6 months and 1 year postoperatively. However, the experimental group had a longer operation time than the control group. No significant differences in incidence of postoperative complications, intra-operative blood loss, and number of lymph nodes dissections were observed between the two groups. Overall, laparoscopic radical resection for rectal cancer with preservation of the Denonvilliers' fascia has been proven effective in improving postoperative urinary and sexual functions in men without affecting the number of lymph nodes dissected and enhancing postoperative quality of life.

8.
Environ Pollut ; : 123651, 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408505

RESUMO

Triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) is an organophosphorus flame retardant, but its cardiac toxicity has not been adequately investigated. Therefore, in the current study, the effect of TPHP on the heart and the underlying mechanism involved was evaluated. C57BL/6 J mice were administered TPHP (0, 5, and 50 mg/kg/day) for 30 days. In addition, H9c2 cells were treated with three various concentrations (0, 50, and 150 µM) of TPHP, with and without the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine or the mitochondrial fusion promoter M1. TPHP caused cardiac fibrosis and increased the levels of CK-MB and LDH in the serum. TPHP increased the levels of ROS, malondialdehyde (MDA), and decreased the level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). Furthermore, TPHP caused mitochondrial damage, and induced fusion and fission disorders that contributed to mitophagy in both the heart of C57BL/6 J mice and H9c2 cells. Transcriptome analysis showed that TPHP induced up- or down-regulated expression of various genes in myocardial tissue and revealed enriched apoptosis pathways. It was also found that TPHP could remarkably increase the expression levels of Bax, cleaved Caspase-9, cleaved Caspase-3, and decreased Bcl-2, thereby causing apoptosis in H9c2 cells. Taken together, the results suggested that TPHP promoted mitophagy through mitochondria fusion dysfunction resulting from oxidative stress, leading to fibrosis by inducing myocardial apoptosis.

9.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 15(2)2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398965

RESUMO

This study proposes a dual-coil magnetorheological torsional vibration damper (MRTVD) and verifies the effectiveness of semi-active damping control to suppress the shaft system's torsional vibration via experimental research. Firstly, the mechanical model of the designed MRTVD and its coupling mechanical model with the rotating shaft system are established. Secondly, the torsional response of the shaft system is obtained via resonance experiments, and the influence of the current on the torsional characteristics of the magnetorheological torsional damper is analyzed. Finally, the MRTVD is controlled using the skyhook control approach. The experimental results demonstrate that when the main shaft passes through the critical speed range at various accelerations, the amplitude of the shaft's torsional vibration decreases by more than 15%, and the amplitude of the shaft's torsional angular acceleration decreases by more than 22%. These conclusions validate the inhibitory effect of MRTVD on the main shaft's torsional vibrations under skyhook control.

10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1330650, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390200

RESUMO

Introduction: Hypertriglyceridemia and its derivatives are independent predictors of diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM). However, the relationship between triglyceride concentrations within the normal range and the incidence of T2DM remains to be clarified. This study investigated the potential relationship between variations in plasma triglyceride levels within the normal range and T2DM onset using data from a longitudinal study of health and retirement in China. Methods: Between, 2010 and, 2016, we conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 36,441 individuals with normal triglyceride levels. Using a Cox proportional hazards regression model, we examined the connection between normal triglyceride levels and T2DM incidence. We employed this method with smooth curve fitting to investigate potential nonlinear associations. Subgroup analyses were performed based on age, sex, body mass index, smoking and drinking status, hypertension, and family history of diabetes. Results: A significant linear relationship was observed between normal triglyceride levels and the incidence of T2DM. The hazard ratio for T2DM in individuals with normal triglycerides was 1.81 (95% confidence interval: 1.39, 2.36); P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis further demonstrated a prospective association between the higher tertiles of normal triglyceride levels and the development of T2DM (P<0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed a stronger positive correlation between normal triglyceride levels in females and the risk of T2DM. Discussion: An increase in triglyceride levels within the normal range is related to a continuous increase in the incidence of T2DM in the general population. These findings show that almost everyone can benefit from reducing triglyceride levels, further emphasizing the importance of lifestyle changes in the general population.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Feminino , Humanos , Triglicerídeos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , China/epidemiologia
11.
Am J Cancer Res ; 14(1): 1-15, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323271

RESUMO

Mast cells (MCs) have emerged as pivotal contributors to both the defensive immune response and immunomodulation. They also exhibit regulatory functions in modulating pathological processes across various allergic diseases. The impact of MC presence within tumor tissues has garnered considerable attention, yielding conflicting findings. While some studies propose that MCs within tumor tissues promote tumor initiation and progression, others advocate an opposing perspective. Notably, evidence emphasizes the dual role of MCs in cancer, both as promoters and suppressors, is crucial for optimizing cancer treatment strategies. These conflicting viewpoints have generated substantial controversy, underscoring the need for a comprehensive understanding of MC's role in tumor immune responses.

12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1263, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341471

RESUMO

Metallic 2M or 1T'-phase transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) attract increasing interests owing to their fascinating physicochemical properties, such as superconductivity, optical nonlinearity, and enhanced electrochemical activity. However, these TMDs are metastable and tend to transform to the thermodynamically stable 2H phase. In this study, through systematic investigation and theoretical simulation of phase change of 2M WS2, we demonstrate that ultrathin 2M WS2 has significantly higher intrinsic thermal stabilities than the bulk counterparts. The 2M-to-2H phase transition temperature increases from 120 °C to 210 °C in the air as thickness of WS2 is reduced from bulk to bilayer. Monolayered 1T' WS2 can withstand temperatures up to 350 °C in the air before being oxidized, and up to 450 °C in argon atmosphere before transforming to 1H phase. The higher stability of thinner 2M WS2 is attributed to stiffened intralayer bonds, enhanced thermal conductivity and higher average barrier per layer during the layer(s)-by-layer(s) phase transition process. The observed high intrinsic phase stability can expand the practical applications of ultrathin 2M TMDs.

13.
Nanomicro Lett ; 16(1): 114, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353764

RESUMO

Quasi-solid electrolytes (QSEs) based on nanoporous materials are promising candidates to construct high-performance Li-metal batteries (LMBs). However, simultaneously boosting the ionic conductivity (σ) and lithium-ion transference number (t+) of liquid electrolyte confined in porous matrix remains challenging. Herein, we report a novel Janus MOFLi/MSLi QSEs with asymmetric porous structure to inherit the benefits of both mesoporous and microporous hosts. This Janus QSE composed of mesoporous silica and microporous MOF exhibits a neat Li+ conductivity of 1.5 × 10-4 S cm-1 with t+ of 0.71. A partially de-solvated structure and preference distribution of Li+ near the Lewis base O atoms were depicted by MD simulations. Meanwhile, the nanoporous structure enabled efficient ion flux regulation, promoting the homogenous deposition of Li+. When incorporated in Li||Cu cells, the MOFLi/MSLi QSEs demonstrated a high Coulombic efficiency of 98.1%, surpassing that of liquid electrolytes (96.3%). Additionally, NCM 622||Li batteries equipped with MOFLi/MSLi QSEs exhibited promising rate performance and could operate stably for over 200 cycles at 1 C. These results highlight the potential of Janus MOFLi/MSLi QSEs as promising candidates for next-generation LMBs.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335161

RESUMO

This study examines the inhibitory effects of a range of sweeteners on α-glucosidase. Our findings revealed that only one natural sweetener, namely, glycyrrhetinic acid 3-O-mono-beta-d-glucuronide (GAMG), derived from licorice, exhibited a mixed-type inhibition against α-glucosidase with a IC50 value of 0.73 ± 0.05 mg/mL. The fluorescence intensity of α-glucosidase was quenched by GAMG in the formation of an α-glucosidase-GAMG complex. GAMG has been shown to induce conformational changes in α-glucosidase, likely through hydrogen bonding, van der Waals force, and alkyl-alkyl interactions with amino acid residues, including Arg 281, Leu 283, Trp 376, Asp 404, Asp 443, Trp 481, Asp 518, Phe 525, Ala 555, and Asp 616. Additional animal validation experiments demonstrated that GAMG slowed starch digestion, thereby attenuating the postprandial glycemic response. Taken together, these findings provide evidence that GAMG is a natural sweetener with potent inhibitory activity that selectively targets α-glucosidase. This study supports the use of GAMG as a natural sweetener, which holds a high biological value and may be beneficial for managing postprandial hyperglycemia.

15.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 143, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with hip fracture who develop perioperative acute heart failure (AHF) have a poor prognosis. The aim of the present study is to investigate the potential risks of AHF in elderly hip-fracture patients in the postoperative period and to evaluate the prognostic significance of AHF. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on hip fracture patients at the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, who were continuously in hospital from September 2018 to August 2020. To identify independent risk factors for AHF in elderly patients with hip fracture, univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was employed. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve illustrated the relationship between all-cause mortality in the AHF and non-AHF groups. An assessment of the correlation between baseline factors and all-cause mortality was conducted by means of univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis. RESULTS: We eventually recruited 492 patients,318 of whom were in the AHF group. Statistical significance was found between the two groups for age group, concomitant coronary heart disease, COPD, haemoglobin level below 100 g/L on admission, albumin level below 40 g/L on admission, and increased intraoperative blood loss. Age over 75, concomitant coronary artery disease, hemoglobin level below 100 g/L and albumin level below 40 g/L on admission were independent risk factors for AHF in older hip fracture patients. The AHF group exhibited a higher incidence of perioperative complications, such as anemia, cardiovascular issues, and stress hyperglycemia, as well as all-cause mortality. Based on our COX regression analysis, we have identified that the main risk factors for all-cause mortality in AHF patients are concomitant coronary heart disease, absence of pulmonary infection, absence of diabetes, absence of cancer, and absence of urinary tract infection. CONCLUSION: Enhancing hip fracture prevention for AHF is particularly important. It is crucial to make informed decisions to avoid poor prognoses. Patients whose age over 75 years old, concomitant coronary heart disease, hemoglobin < 100 g/L and album< 40 g/L on admission are more likely to develop perioperative AHF. To avert complications and potential fatalities, patients with AHF must receive appropriate care during the perioperative period.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Prognóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinas/análise , Albuminas
16.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 24, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Encephalitis caused by dengue virus (DENV) is considered a manifestation of severe dengue. Tanreqing injection (TRQ) is a well-known Chinese patented medicine, which has been used to treat brain-related disorders by inhibiting inflammation. Nevertheless, the effects of TRQ on DENV encephalitis have not been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of TRQ on DENV encephalitis and to explore its potential mechanisms. METHODS: The cytotoxicity of TRQ was examined by MTT assay, and the anti-DENV activities of TRQ in BHK-21 baby hamster kidney fibroblast were evaluated through CCK-8 and plaque assays. The expression levels of NO, IL1B/IL-1ß, TNFα and IL6 were measured by qRT‒PCR and ELISA in the BV2 murine microglial cell line. The inhibitory effects of TRQ on NLRP3 inflammasome activation in BV2 cells were examined by Western blotting, qRT‒PCR and ELISA. The effects of TRQ on HT22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells were examined by CCK-8 assay, morphology observation and flow cytometry. Moreover, a DENV-infected ICR suckling mouse model was developed to investigate the protective role of TRQ in vivo. RESULTS: TRQ decreased the release of NO, IL6, TNFα and IL1B from BV2 cells and inhibited the activation of NLRP3. The presence of the NLRP3 agonist nigericin reversed the anti-inflammatory activities of TRQ. Furthermore, TRQ inhibited the death of HT22 cells by decreasing IL1B in DENV-infected BV2 cells. In addition, TRQ significantly attenuated weight loss, reduced clinical scores and extended the survival in DENV-infected ICR suckling mice. Critically, TRQ ameliorated pathological changes in ICR suckling mice brain by inhibiting microglia and NLRP3 activation and decreasing the production of inflammatory factors and the number of dead neurons. CONCLUSION: TRQ exerts potent inhibitory effects on dengue encephalitis in vitro and in vivo by reducing DENV-2-induced microglial activation and subsequently decreasing the inflammatory response, thereby protecting neurons. These findings demonstrate the potential of TRQ in the treatment of dengue encephalitis.

17.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1234, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336891

RESUMO

Identification of active sites in catalytic materials is important and helps establish approaches to the precise design of catalysts for achieving high reactivity. Generally, active sites of conventional heterogeneous catalysts can be single atom, nanoparticle or a metal/oxide interface. Herein, we report that metal/oxide reverse interfaces can also be active sites which are created from the coordinated migration of metal and oxide atoms. As an example, a Pd1/CeO2 single-atom catalyst prepared via atom trapping, which is otherwise inactive at 30 °C, is able to completely oxidize formaldehyde after steam treatment. The enhanced reactivity is due to the formation of a Ce2O3-Pd nanoparticle domain interface, which is generated by the migration of both Ce and Pd atoms on the atom-trapped Pd1/CeO2 catalyst during steam treatment. We show that the generation of metal oxide-metal interfaces can be achieved in other heterogeneous catalysts due to the coordinated mobility of metal and oxide atoms, demonstrating the formation of a new active interface when using metal single-atom material as catalyst precursor.

18.
PeerJ ; 12: e16911, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371373

RESUMO

Objective: E2F transcription factors are associated with tumor development, but their underlying mechanisms in gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear. This study explored whether E2Fs determine the prognosis or immune and therapy responses of GC patients. Methods: E2F regulation patterns from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were systematically investigated and E2F patterns were correlated with the characteristics of cellular infiltration in the tumor microenvironment (TME). A principal component analysis was used to construct an E2F scoring model based on prognosis-related differential genes to quantify the E2F regulation of a single tumor. This scoring model was then tested in patient cohorts to predict effects of immunotherapy. Results: Based on the expression profiles of E2F transcription factors in GC, two different regulatory patterns of E2F were identified. TME and survival differences emerged between the two clusters. Lower survival rates in the Cluster2 group were attributed to limited immune function due to stromal activation. The E2F scoring model was then constructed based on the E2F-related prognostic genes. Evidence supported the E2F score as an independent and effective prognostic factor and predictor of immunotherapy response. A gene-set analysis correlated E2F score with the characteristics of immune cell infiltration within the TME. The immunotherapy cohort database showed that patients with a higher E2F score demonstrated better survival and immune responses. Conclusions: This study found that differences in GC prognosis might be related to the E2F patterns in the TME. The E2F scoring system developed in this study has practical value as a predictor of survival and treatment response in GC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Imunoterapia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Fatores de Transcrição E2F
19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202318748, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374765

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts (SACs), distinguished by their maximum atom efficiency and precise control over the coordination and electronic properties of individual atoms, show great promise in electrocatalysis. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of the electrochemical performance of SACs requires the screening of electron transfer process at micro/nano scale. This research pioneers the use of electrogenerated chemiluminescence microscopy (ECLM) to observe the electrocatalytic reactions at individual SACs. It boasts sensitivity at the single photon level and temporal resolution down to 100 ms, enabling real-time capture of the electrochemical behavior of individual SACs during potential sweeping. Leveraging the direct correlation between ECL emission and heterogeneous electron transfer processes, we introduced photon flux density for quantitative analysis, unveiling the electrocatalytic efficiency of individual SACs. This approach systematically reveals the relationship between SACs based on different metal atoms and their peroxidase (POD)-like activity. The outcomes contribute to a fundamental understanding of SACs and pave the way for designing SACs with diverse technological and industrial applications.

20.
Am J Rhinol Allergy ; : 19458924241228764, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The neuropeptide U (NMU) has been proven to elicit the release of mediators from mast cells (MCs) through its receptor NMUR1 in allergic inflammatory models. However, little is known about the correlations between NMU and MCs in human allergic rhinitis (AR). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the expressions of NMU and NMUR1 in the tryptase + MCs and the peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) in human nasal mucosa with AR. METHODS: Specimens of nasal mucosa from patients with AR (n = 10) and control patients without AR (n = 8) were collected and soaked in frozen tissue liquid solution (OCT) in tum. Cryostat sections were prepared for immunofluorescence staining. Tryptase was used as a marker to detect mast cells and other tryptase + immune cells. The expression of NMU and NMUR1 was respectively determined by double staining using a confocal microscope. RESULTS: Neither NMU nor NMUR1 were detected in the tryptase + mast cells in the human nasal mucosa. To our surprise, both NMU and NMUR1 were co-expressed with tryptase in the PBLs within peripheral blood vessels in AR and controls. CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that NMU could not influence human nasal tryptase + mast cells directly through NMUR1 in AR. The co-expression of both NMU and NMUR1 with tryptase in the PBLs provided new insight into the potential roles of NMU and tryptase in the circulation PBLs, and the infiltrated PBLs may promote nasal allergic inflammation by producing tryptase and NMU.

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