Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960514

RESUMO

Background Diabetes is a major contributor to global burden of disease. The role of magnesium in the prevention of diabetes has aroused concern. However, the research results on the impact of dietary magnesium on the risk of diabetes are hitherto inconsistent. Objective To evaluate the association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of diabetes through a systematic review. Methods PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang databases were searched for prospective studies that contained risk estimates for magnesium intake-associated diabetes and were published from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2021. Two researchers independently screened the literature according to a set of pre-prepared inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data according to an unified data extraction table, and evaluated the quality of included articles with Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). R 4.0.3 software and Stata SE16.0 software were used for meta-analysis and subgroup meta-analysis, and Higgins I2 statistics were used to test the heterogeneity of the included studies. The sources of heterogeneity were analyzed by univariate meta regression. Results A total of 14 articles involving 17 prospective cohort studies (1065267 participants and 40506 patients with diabetes) were included in the study. The NOS scores ranged from 8 to 9, with an average of 8.6, indicating that the included studies were classified as being high quality. The highest quintile of magnesium intake group reduced the risk of diabetes by 22% (RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.82) compared with the lowest quintile group. This association was not substantially modified by geographic region, sex, or follow-up length. The highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake in the Americas and Asia were associated with 22% and 26% reductions in the risk of type 2 diabetes respectively compared with the lowest quintile group (the Americas, RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.84; Asia, RR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.63-0.88); The highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake in female, male and without gender stratified were associated with 22%, 19% and 46% reductions in the risk of type 2 diabetes respectively compared with the lowest quintile group (Female RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.84; Male RR=0.81, 95%CI: 0.74-0.89; Both RR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.42-0.68); Compared with the lowest quintile groups, the groups with the highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake with a follow-up time of less than 10 years and more than 10 years reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 26% and 20% respectively (≤10 years, RR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.65-0.83; >10 years, RR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.75-0.85). After adjusting for hypertension, the highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake group reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 20% compared with the lowest quintile group (RR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.74-0.85). The year of publication (P<0.05) or the sex of the subjects (P<0.05) may be the source of heterogeneity by meta regression test. The results of Egger’s test for funnel plot asymmetry suggested publication bias. Conclusion The combined data supports a role for high magnesium intake in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. Because it is difficult to separate the effect of magnesium intake on diabetes risk from other factors, large-scale and clinical randomized controlled trials are needed to directly assess the impact of magnesium on the incidence rate of diabetes.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 694-707, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-881163

RESUMO

Targeting immune checkpoints such as programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) have been approved for treating melanoma, gastric cancer (GC) and bladder cancer with clinical benefit. Nevertheless, many patients failed to respond to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment, so it is necessary to seek an alternative strategy for traditional PD-1/PD-L1 targeting immunotherapy. Here with the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and our in-house tissue library, PD-L1 expression was found to be positively correlated with the expression of ubiquitin-specific processing protease 7 (USP7) in GC. Furthermore, USP7 directly interacted with PD-L1 in order to stabilize it, while abrogation of USP7 attenuated PD-L1/PD-1 interaction and sensitized cancer cells to T cell killing

3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-606990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells can be induced to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells with the function of albumin synthesis and urea secretion in vitro.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells differentiating into hepatocyte-like cells in vitro.METHODS: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from the subcutaneous fat of hepatitis B virus infection patients by collagenase digestion and adherent method. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells were induced by three-phase induction method and observed morphologically. The expression levels of alpha-fetoprotein, albumin and cytokeratin 18 were detected by immunohistochemical staining and glycogen synthesis function was detected by glycogen staining method.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Most of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells induced by three-phase induction method were differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells with polygonal morphology. Immunohistochemistry staining results showed that hepatocyte-like cells expressed alpha-fetoprotein, albumin and cytokeratin 18, and the expression levels of albumin and cytokeratin 18 increased with the culture time. The induced cells had the function of glycogen synthesis and were positive for periodic acid Schiff staining. These results showed that the subcutaneous adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells could be induced into functional hepatocyte-like cells in hepatitis B virus infection patients.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-463223

RESUMO

Objective The aim of this study is production of organ specific animal model for studying reproductive toxicity in mice.Methods F1 generation was gotten by mating the Ddx4 -cre transgenic male mice with the Rosa26mT/mG transgenic female mice.F1 offspring and its parents phenotype was screened by molecular biological, histopathological and in vivo imaging technology.Results At molecular level, specific DNA fragment was only found in testis of F1 offspring; At the organ level, the expression of green fluorescent protein could only be observed in testis of F1 offspring; Testicular frozen sections and sperm fluorescence observation showed that green fluorescent protein were mainly expressed in the germ cell lineage such as secondary spermatocyte and spermatocyte and spermatozoon.Conclusions The production of the mice with specific germ cell expressed green fluorescent protein by Cre/loxP recombination system were built successfully.

5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 367-370, 2003.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-345887

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To evaluate the clinical significance of predicting post-operative respiratory failure in patients with lung cancer using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Before operation, 260 patients with lung cancer underwent CPET with incremental protocol. W%, VO₂%P, VO₂/kg, AT, MET, O₂ pulse, VTe, BF and VE were measured in the end of load exercise.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) In patients after pneumonectomy, the values of the above indexes of CPET in the respiratory failure group were significantly lower than those in the non-respiratory failure group ( P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) except VTe. In patients after lobectomy, the values of 9 indexes of CPET in the respiratory failure group were similar to those in the non-respiratory failure group ( P > 0.05). However, when the patients after lobectomy were further divided into groups of upper and lower lobectomy, W% in the respiratory failure group was remarkably lower than that in the non-respiratory failure group after lower lobectomy ( P < 0.05). (2) Chi-Square test showed that abnormality of CPET indexes in different degrees was related to the morbidity of respiratory failure after pneumonectomy. Logistic regression showed that O₂ pulse < 80% and BF < 30/min correlated with the morbidity of post-operative respiratory failure. (3) For predicting post-operative respiratory failure, the sensitivity and specificity of VO₂%P < 60%, BF < 30/min, VE < 35 L/min were all more than 60% and their negative predictive values were all more than 90%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CPET is suitable to predict post-pneumonectomy respiratory failure. As a comprehensive index indicating cardiopulmonary function during exercise, VO₂%P < 60% should be selected to predict respiratory failure and evaluate indication of lung resection for patients with lung cancer.</p>

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 207-210, 2002.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-351957

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To explore the characteristics and clinical significance of diffusing capacity in the patients with lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The pulmonary diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) was measured with the rebreathing method in 138 patients with primary lung cancer, and 86 were performed pulmonary resection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in DLCOrb and DLCOrbc between the groups with different histological type and degree of ventilation impairment and general type (P > 0.05). DLCOrb/VA mildly decreased in the patients whose lung ventilation function was normal. DLCOc/VA decreased in the patients with restrictive ventilation dysfunction (P < 0.01), and DLCOrb/VA decreased in the patients with obstructive and mixed ventilation dysfuncion (P < 0.05). DLCOc/VA decreased in the patients with light and obvious lung dysfunction (P < 0.05). DLCOc/VA in the patients with central lung cancer was lower than that in the peripheral ones (P < 0.01). DLCOc/VA and D LCOrb in the group with postoperative respiratory failure were lower than that in the group without respiratory failure (P < 0.05). When DLCOc/VA of less than 80% and DLCOrb/VA of less than 70% were used to predict the postoperative respiratory failure, the correct ratios of dignosis and the diagnostic indexes were high.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The diffusing capacity decreases in the patients with lung cancer, and the main manifestation is the abnormal DLCOrb/VA and DLCOc/VA. The general type of lung cancer and the degree of pulmonary dysfunction may influence the diffusing function of the patients. DLCOc/VA of less than 80% and DLCOrb/VA of less than 70% should be selected for predicting postoperative respiratory failure.</p>

7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 454-457, 2002.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-252395

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To explore the characteristics of exercise cardio-pulmonary function and its possible influencing factors in patients with lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The pulmonary function, ECG and exercise cardio-pulmonary function were measured in 198 patients with lung cancer and 20 healthy controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1. Compared with healthy group, VO₂%P, VO₂/kg, AT, VO₂/HR%, VE and VT/VC significantly decreased in lung cancer patients with normal resting pulmonary ventilation, however, BR remarkably increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). 2. In patients with normal resting pulmonary ventilation, there was no significant difference of exercise cardio-pulmonary function between the central and peripheral lung cancer groups. 3. The exercise cardio-pulmonary function was closely related to the TNM stages (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). 4. W%, VO₂%P , AT and VO₂/HR% in patients with great vessel invasion were remarkably lower than those without great vessel invasion (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results suggest that exercise ventilation is impaired in lung cancer patients with normal resting ventilation. And the decrease of exercise cardio-pulmonary function may be related to TNM stage and to great vessel involvement.</p>

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...