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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1380-1386, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627414

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of autophagy to the ferroptosis in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) cells and its mechanism. METHODS: ALL cell lines (including Reh, Jurkat and CCRF-CEM) were selected. The cell viability was detected by MTS assay and trypan blue staining was used to evaluate the death of the cell. The expression of autophagy related protein (including p62, LC3I/II) and Ferritin in ALL cells were detected by Western blot. The alteration of labile iron pool (LIP) in ALL cells was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Reh cells showed sensitivity to ferroptosis activator Erastin, while Jurkat and CCRF-CEM cells showed resistant. Autophagy activator rapamycin could promote the sensitivity of Jurkat and CCRF-CEM cells to Erastin, and the ferroptosis of the cells (P<0.001). Autophagy inhibitor chloroquine could reduce the sensitivity of Reh cells to Erastin and resist the ferroptosis of the cells (P<0.001). The expression of Ferritin could be down-regulated after autophagy was activated in Jurkat and CCRF-CEM cells (P<0.05), while the level of LIP was significantly increased (P<0.05). Inhibiting the autophgy in Reh cells could up-regulate the expression of Ferritin (P<0.01),while decrease the level of LIP (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The iron homeostasis in cells could be regulated by autophagy through affecting Ferritin expression and LIP level. Autophagy can alter sensitivity of ALL cells to ferroptosis activator Erastin, which suggestes that combining autophagy regulator with ferroptosis activator may be a new strategy for the treatment of chemotherapy-resistant ALL.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Autofagia , Homeostase , Humanos , Ferro , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 266: 120410, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601367

RESUMO

In this work, an environmentally-friendly and cost-effective enzyme mimic was obtained by facile one-pot preparation of chitosan/Cu/Fe (CS/Cu/Fe) composite. This composite exhibited significantly enhanced oxidase-mimicking activity during catalyzing the oxidation of 3, 3', 5, 5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB). The CS/Cu/Fe composite was comprehensively characterized and the possible catalytic mechanism was reasonably explored and discussed. Benefiting from the thermal stability and the compatibility with carbohydrate, the CS/Cu/Fe composite was further integrated with agarose hydrogel to fabricate a portable analytical tube containing oxidase mimic. Based on the inhibition of the catalytic oxidation of TMB in the presence of cysteine, as well as the recovery of oxidase-like activity of CS/Cu/Fe due to the specific complexation of cysteine and mercury ion (Hg2+), the rapid colorimetric detection of Hg2+ was successfully carried out in the analytical tube. This colorimetric method showed good linear response to Hg2+ over the range from 40 nM to 8.0 µM with a detection limit of 8.9 nM. The method also revealed high selectivity and satisfactory results in recovery experiments of Hg2+ detection in tap water and lake water. Furthermore, it was found that the effective removal of Hg2+ could be realized in the analytical tube based on efficient Hg2+ adsorption by CS/Cu/Fe composite and agarose hydrogel. This study not only prepared a robust and low-cost enzyme mimic, but also proposed a smart strategy to simultaneously monitor and remove toxic Hg2+ from contaminated water.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 727374, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659292

RESUMO

Crops developed under elevated carbon dioxide (eCO2) exhibit enhanced leaf photosynthesis under steady states. However, little is known about the effect of eCO2 on dynamic photosynthesis and the relative contribution of the short-term (substrate) and long-term (acclimation) effects of eCO2. We grew an Oryza sativa japonica cultivar and a Triticum aestivum cultivar under 400 µmol CO2 mol-1 air (ambient, A) and 600 µmol CO2 mol-1 air (elevated, E). Regardless of growth [CO2], the photosynthetic responses to the sudden increase and decrease in light intensity were characterized under 400 (a) or 600 µmol CO2 mol-1 air (e). The Aa, Ae, Ea, and Ee treatments were employed to quantify the acclimation effect (Ae vs. Ee and Aa vs. Ea) and substrate effect (Aa vs. Ae and Ea vs. Ee). In comparison with the Aa treatment, both the steady-state photosynthetic rate (P N) and induction state (IS) were higher under the Ae and Ee treatments but lower under the Ea treatment in both species. However, IS reached at the 60 sec after the increase in light intensity, the time required for photosynthetic induction, and induction efficiency under Ae and Ee treatment did not differ significantly from those under Aa treatment. The substrate effect increased the accumulative carbon gain (ACG) during photosynthetic induction by 45.5% in rice and by 39.3% in wheat, whereas the acclimation effect decreased the ACG by 18.3% in rice but increased it by 7.5% in wheat. Thus, eCO2, either during growth or at measurement, enhances the dynamic photosynthetic carbon gain in both crop species. This indicates that photosynthetic carbon loss due to an induction limitation may be reduced in the future, under a high-CO2 world.

4.
Comput Biol Med ; 138: 104882, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600328

RESUMO

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has developed to be the most effective treatment for aortic diseases. This study aims to evaluate the biomechanical implications of the implanted endograft after TEVAR. We present a novel image-based, patient-specific, fluid-structure computational framework. The geometries of blood, endograft, and aortic wall were reconstructed based on clinical images. Patient-specific measurement data was collected to determine the parameters of the three-element Windkessel. We designed three postoperative scenarios with rigid wall assumption, blood-wall interaction, blood-endograft-wall interplay, respectively, where a two-way fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method was applied to predict the deformation of the composite stent-wall. Computational results were validated with Doppler ultrasound data. Results show that the rigid wall assumption fails to predict the waveforms of blood outflow and energy loss (EL). The complete storage and release process of blood flow energy, which consists of four phases is captured by the FSI method. The endograft implantation would weaken the buffer function of the aorta and reduce mean EL by 19.1%. The closed curve area of wall pressure and aortic volume could indicate the EL caused by the interaction between blood flow and wall deformation, which accounts for 68.8% of the total EL. Both the FSI and endograft have a slight effect on wall shear stress-related-indices. The deformability of the composite stent-wall region is remarkably limited by the endograft. Our results highlight the importance of considering the interaction between blood flow, the implanted endograft, and the aortic wall to acquire physiologically accurate hemodynamics in post-TEVAR computational studies and the deformation of the aortic wall is responsible for the major EL of the blood flow.

5.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(10): e0009710, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Based on two national surveys, the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) in China had decreased from 53.58% in 1988-1992 to 19.56% in 2001-2004. To update the epidemiology and characteristics of STH in China, a third national survey was implemented in 2014-2015. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This survey covered rural areas in 31 provinces in mainland of China. Multiple-stage stratified cluster sampling was employed, which included three levels (provinces, ecozones and economical levels). Stool samples were collected and the Kato-Katz method was applied for helminth eggs detection. Samples with hookworm eggs were selected and hatched to differentiate the species based on larval morphology. Between June 2014 and May 2015, a total of 484,210 participants from 604 counties were enrolled. The weighted prevalence of STH overall was 4.49% (95% confidential interval (CI): 2.45%-6.53%), including 2.62% (95% CI: 0.86%-4.38%) hookworm infections, 1.36% (95% CI: 0.49%-2.23%) ascariasis, and 1.02% (95% CI: 0.15%-1.89%) trichuriasis. The estimated population infected was 29.12 million (95% CI: 15.88 million-42.32 million) for all STH; 16.97 million (95% CI: 5.57 million-28.39 million) for hookworm infections; 8.83 million (95% CI: 3.18 million-14.45 million) for ascariasis; and 6.60 million (95% CI: 0.97 million-12.25 million) for trichuriasis. Overall, the prevalence of ascariasis and trichuriasis was relatively high in children, while hookworm infections were more common in the older population, especially those over 60. STH was highly prevalent in western China, and moderately in central areas, but low in eastern and northern regions. Out of 3,579 hookworm cases with species differentiation, 479 cases (13.38%) were infected with only Ancylostoma spp., 2,808 cases (78.46%) with only Necator americanus, and another 292 cases (8.16%) with both species. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This survey demonstrated the continuous decrease of STH in rural China. However, endemicity still prevails in the western areas of the country. Hookworm, especially N. americanus, is becoming the predominant species. Older farmers in western China should be prioritized for control due to the high prevalence of hookworm.

6.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(6): 533-542, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558095

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Information on the association between edentulism and chronic medical conditions in developing countries is lacking. We investigated such information among adults aged ≥45 years in China. METHODS: A national longitudinal data set from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) 2011-2018 was analysed. A multilevel logistic regression model was applied to analyse the association between edentulism and select chronic diseases. RESULTS: There were 74 240 Chinese adults aged ≥45 years in this study. The prevalence of self-reported edentulism was 8.8% in 2011 and had increased to 16.4% by 2018. CONCLUSION: Edentulism was a factor associated with a higher risk of various self-reported chronic diseases among adults aged ≥45 years in China. Edentulism is one of the comorbidities among ageing people with chronic conditions. Preventive public health policy should consider controlling shared risk factors at an earlier age.

7.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2101934, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546652

RESUMO

Ultrasound is a promising new modality for non-invasive neuromodulation. Applied transcranially, it can be focused down to the millimeter or centimeter range. The ability to improve the treatment's spatial resolution to a targeted brain region could help to improve its effectiveness, depending upon the application. The present paper details a neurostimulation scheme using gas-filled nanostructures, gas vesicles (GVs), as actuators for improving the efficacy and precision of ultrasound stimuli. Sonicated primary neurons display dose-dependent, repeatable Ca2+ responses, closely synced to stimuli, and increased nuclear expression of the activation marker c-Fos in the presence of GVs. GV-mediated ultrasound triggered rapid and reversible Ca2+ responses in vivo and could selectively evoke neuronal activation in a deep-seated brain region. Further investigation indicate that mechanosensitive ion channels are important mediators of this effect. GVs themselves and the treatment scheme are also found not to induce significant cytotoxicity, apoptosis, or membrane poration in treated cells. Altogether, this study demonstrates a simple and effective method to achieve enhanced and better-targeted neurostimulation with non-invasive low-intensity ultrasound.

8.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt A): 111995, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492278

RESUMO

Due to the potential hazard of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid (HFPO-DA, GenX) has become a typical alternative since 2009. However, GenX has recently been reported to have equal or even greater toxicity and bioaccumulation than PFOA. Considering the suitability of alternatives, it is quite essential to study and compare the degradation degree between PFOA and GenX in water. Therefore, in the present study, a comprehensive degradation comparison between them via electrooxidation with a titanium suboxide membrane anode was conducted. The degradation rate decreased throughout for PFOA, while it first increased and then decreased for GenX when the permeate flux increased from 17.3 L to 100.3 L m-2·h-1. The different responses of PFOA and GenX to flux might be attributed to their different solubilities. In addition, the higher kobs of PFOA demonstrated that it had a better degradability than GenX by 2.4-fold in a mixed solution. The fluorinated byproduct perfluoropropanoic acid (PFPrA) was detected as a GenX intermediate, suggesting that ether bridge splitting was needed for GenX electrooxidation. This study provides a reference for assessing the degradability of GenX and PFOA and indicates that it is worth reconsidering whether GenX is a suitable alternative for PFOA from the point of view of environmental protection.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 50(38): 13528-13532, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498021

RESUMO

An 18-metal lanthanide nanoring [Yb18(L1)8(HL2)2(OAc)20(MeOH)8(EtOH)6(H2O)4] (1), which shows a ratiometric fluorescent response to DPA, was constructed through the strategy of using two types of polydentate organic ligands. The addition of DPA increases the visible ligand-centered emission, but decreases the NIR lanthanide luminescence of 1. The limit of luminescent detection of 1 for DPA is 1.5 µM. The high fluorescence sensitivity of 1 to DPA is not affected by the existence of interferents such as aromatic carboxylates and ions.

10.
Front Public Health ; 9: 673666, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557464

RESUMO

The global aviation industry has been experiencing catastrophic disruption since the beginning of 2020 due to the unprecedented impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on air traffic. Although the decline in regular commercial air travel has caused tremendous economic loss to aviation stakeholders, it has also led to the reduction in the amount of recorded air pollutants. Most of the aircraft emissions are released during the cruise phase of flight, however they have relatively small impact on humans due to the fact that those emissions are released directly into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Therefore, the scope of this study is to investigate the ground-level aircraft emissions from landing and take-off (LTO) cycles, as they have a greater influence on the ambient environment of the airports in a specific region. In this paper, we study the variation of typical air pollutant concentrations (i.e., HC, CO, and NOx) from the LTO cycles during the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic in both temporal and spatial scales. These ground-level emissions are estimated for the 22 airports in the Yangtze River Delta, China. The results indicate that the variation pattern of the three air pollutants were significantly influenced by the dramatic onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the pertinent policies to suppress the spread of the virus. The results also reveal non-uniform distribution of the emission quantified at different airports. It is noticeable that the emission quantity generally declined from the east coast to the central and western part of the research region. Furthermore, discrepancies in the target markets also create disparities in the variation pattern of the emissions at different airports under the context of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , COVID-19 , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Pandemias , Rios , SARS-CoV-2
11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(38): 45736-45743, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519489

RESUMO

The Cu2Se compound possesses extraordinary thermoelectric performance at high temperatures and shows great potential for the application of waste heat recycling. However, a thermoelectric device usually undergoes mechanical vibration, mechanical and/or thermal cycling, and thermal shock in service. Therefore, mechanical properties are of equal importance as thermoelectric performance. However, the mechanical performance and stability of the Cu2Se compound during long-term service at high temperatures have rarely been reported. In this study, we systematically investigated the mechanical properties of Cu2Se compounds synthesized by three varied methods (melting (M), self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), and a combination of SHS and ultrasonic treatment (UT)) and investigated the thermal stability of the SHS-UT compound under different annealing temperatures. The SHS-UT process effectively refines the grain size from 19 µm for the melting sample to 5 µm for the SHS-UT sample. The high density of grain boundaries in the SHS-UT sample effectively dissipates the energy of crack propagation; thus, the mechanical properties are greatly improved. The compressive strength, bending strength, and Vickers hardness of the SHS-UT sample are 147 MPa, 52.6 MPa, and 0.46 GPa, respectively, which are 21.5, 16.6, and 35.3% higher than those of the melting sample, respectively. Moreover, excellent thermal stability is achieved in the compound prepared by SHS and ultrasonication at a temperature below 873 K. After annealing at temperatures up to 873 K for 7 days, the excellent thermoelectric performance of the Cu2Se compound is well maintained with a ZT value exceeding 1.80 at 873 K. However, with further increasing the annealing temperature to 973 K, the volatilization of Se and the precipitation of Cu result in the instability and significantly deteriorated thermoelectric performance of the material. This work provides an avenue for boosting the mechanical properties and commercial application of Cu2Se.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 149965, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508937

RESUMO

Ammonium removal in wastewater treatment plants demands large quantities energy input, such as aeration for wastewater and the addition of organics for nitrate reduction. Anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to Fe(III) reduction, called Feammox process play a crucial role in natural nitrogen cycle, which has been rarely investigated in the field of wastewater treatment. Besides, Iron-reducing bacteria (FeRB) as function bacteria of Feammox could transfer electrons to iron oxide by oxidizing organics. The possibility of anaerobic ammonium removal coupled with organics should be investigated to assess the potential of Feammox process for conventional wastewater treatment. In this study, five Fe(III) compounds, Fe2O3, Fe3O4, Fe(OH)3, Citrate-Fe and pyrite were supplemented to investigate the effect of iron oxides on ammonium removal in serum bottles with working volume of 100 mL. It was found that ammonium removal efficiency of the Fe2O3 group was the highest. To simulate wastewater treatment process in sewage treatment plant, three Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors with volume of 250 mL adding Fe2O3 were applied with influent of ammonium and carbon sources. It was found that the organics significantly inhibited the ammonium removal by Feammox process. This was attributed to that carbon sources and ammonium could be used as electron donors for Fe(III) reduction. In addition, this nitrogen removal was also likely related with the iron cycle, i.e., Fe(III) reduction with ammonium oxidation and Fe(II) oxidation with nitrate/nitrite reduction. This study provides a promising alternative technology for anaerobic ammonium removal in wastewater treatment. Optimizing nitrogen removal and carbon sources applied in conventional wastewater plants are required in future.

13.
Thromb J ; 19(1): 64, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein S deficiency (PSD) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease. In 1984, familial PSD was reported to be prone to recurrent thrombosis. Follow-up studies have shown that heterozygous protein S (PROS1) mutations increase the risk of thrombosis. More than 300 PROS1 mutations have been identified; among them, only a small number of mutations have been reported its possible mechanism to reduce plasma protein S (PS) levels. However, whether PROS1 mutations affect protein structure and why it can induce PSD remains unknown. METHODS: The clinical phenotypes of the members of a family with thrombosis were collected. Their PS activity was measured using the coagulation method, whereas their protein C and antithrombin III activities were measured using methods such as the chromogenic substrate method. The proband and her parents were screened for the responsible mutation using second-generation whole exon sequencing, and the members of the family were verified for suspected mutations using Sanger sequencing. Mutant and wild type plasmids were constructed and transfected into HEK293T cells to detect the mRNA and protein expression of PROS1. RESULTS: In this family, the proband with venous thrombosis of both lower extremities, the proband's mother with pulmonary embolism and venous thrombosis of both lower extremities, and the proband's younger brother had significantly lower PS activity and carried a PROS1 c. 1820 T > C:p.Leu607Ser heterozygous mutation (NM_000313.3). However, no such mutations were found in family members with normal PS activity. The PS expression in the cell lysate and supernatant of the Leu607Ser mutant cells decreased, while mRNA expression increased. Immunofluorescence localization showed that there was no significant difference in protein localization before and after mutation. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of family phenotype, gene association, and cell function tests suggest that the PROS1 Leu607Ser heterozygous mutation may be a pathogenic mutation. Serine substitution causes structural instability of the entire protein. These data indicate that impaired PS translation and synthesis or possible secretion impairment is the main pathogenesis of this family with hereditary PSD and thrombophilia.

14.
Environ Microbiol ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347355

RESUMO

The foliar surface forms one of the largest aboveground habitats on Earth and maintains plant-fungus relationships that greatly affect ecosystem functioning. Despite many studies with particular plant species, the foliar epiphytic mycobiome has not been studied across a large number of plant species from different taxa. Using high-throughput sequencing, we assessed epiphytic mycobiomes on leaf surfaces of 592 plant species in a botanical garden. Plants of angiosperms, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes were involved. Plant taxonomy, leaf side, growing environment, and evolutionary relationships were considered. We found that pteridophytes showed the higher fungal species diversity, stronger mutualistic fungal interactions, and a greater percentage of putative pathogens than gymnosperms and angiosperms. Plant taxonomic group, leaf side, and growing environment were significantly associated with the foliar epiphytic mycobiome, but the similarity of the mycobiomes among plants was not directly related to the distance of the host evolutionary tree. Our results provide a general understanding of the foliar fungal mycobiomes from pteridophytes to angiosperms. These findings will facilitate our understanding of foliar fungal epiphytes and their roles in plant communities and ecosystems.

15.
Oncol Lett ; 22(3): 676, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34345301

RESUMO

Activated platelets (PLTs) participate in the regulation of tumor angiogenesis, and tumors can activate PLTs. Whether co-culture of lung carcinoma with PLTs improves the function of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) requires further investigation. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of H1975 cell crosstalk with PLTs on the proliferation, migration and tube formation of HUVECs. Following generation of cell-derived supernatants and construction of the co-culture system, Cell Counting Kit-8, flow cytometry, transmission electron microscopy and a meter for epithelial measurement were performed to detect the proliferative ability of HUVECs. Furthermore, the wound healing and Transwell migration assays were performed to detect the migratory ability of HUVECs. A tube formation assay was performed to assess angiogenesis, ELISA was applied to detect the content of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and western blotting was carried out to measure the expression levels of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) in HUVECs. Compared with single-cultured HUVECs (control), co-culture with H1975 cells and PLTs (Exp_HP) improved cell proliferation, increased the proportion of cells in the S-phase, destroyed the cell ultrastructure and decreased transepithelial electrical resistance in HUVECs. In addition, a higher relative migration rate, greater number of migrated cells, stronger tube-forming ability and increased expression of VEGF and VEGFR2 were detected in the Exp_HP group compared with the control group. The properties of HUVECs in Exp_H (co-cultured with H1975 cells) were similar to those in Exp_HP, but significantly weaker. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that tumor cells interacting with PLTs may play an important role in tumor angiogenesis by affecting or mediating changes in the properties of vascular endothelial cells (VECs).

16.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 995, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417547

RESUMO

As a critical evolutionary pivot between invertebrates and vertebrates, lampreys provide rich genetic information. Lamprey immune protein (LIP) is a key immune regulator. MicroRNAs, well-conserved in the response to immunological stress, remain understudied in lamprey immunity. We generated a lamprey microRNA expression atlas, using deep sequencing, upon Vibrio anguillarum infection. Using comparative methods, we found that miR-4561 potentially regulates innate immunity via interaction with lip. We found a sequence in the 3'-UTR region of LIP mRNA complementary to the miR-4561 seed region; miR-4561 expression was negatively correlated with LIP. During V. anguillarum infection, miR-4561 inhibited LIP expression and bacterial clearance. Notably, LIP expression in supraneural body cells was necessary for the Gram-negative immune response. Additionally, we observed that overexpression of miR-4561 induced apoptosis in embryonic cells, suggesting a role in embryonic development. Collectively, we show lamprey microRNAs may significantly affect gene regulation and provide new insights on LIP-mediated immune regulation.

17.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448024

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare the efficacy and safety of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) combined with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and simple TURP in treating large (> 100 mL) benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 13 and 17 patients with large BPH who underwent TURP and PAE + TURP, respectively, from January 2016 to January 2020. The changes in various indices before and after surgery were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: In the PAE + TURP group, the operation time (OT), intraoperative blood loss (BL), postoperative bladder flushing time (PBFT), and postoperative catheter retention time (PCRT) were lower, and the speed of the excised lesion (SEL) was higher than that in the TURP group (P < 0.05). Following-up for 12 months, the prostatic volume (PV), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual volume (PVR), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) score, total prostate-specific antigen (T-PSA), and free prostate-specific antigen (F-PSA) in each group improved as compared to before the surgery (P < 0.05), and the above improved indicators, IPSS ratio, and obstructive symptoms in the PAE + TURP group were higher than those in the TURP group (P < 0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the PAE + TURP group was lower than that in the TURP group. We obtained the pathological picture of a prostate biopsy after PAE for the first time. CONCLUSION: Compared to TURP alone, PAE + TURP should be promoted, because of its greater efficacy and safety in treating large BPH and fewer post-surgical complications.

18.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1233-1241, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396870

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of microwave ablation (MWA) of the vertebral growth plate as a minimally invasive treatment for early-onset scoliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One side of the L1-L3 vertebral growth plates were ablated using different MWA powers. Ablation safety and size were examined. Subsequently, L1-L3 vertebral growth plates were ablated on one side for 40 s at 20 W. At 2, 4, and 6 weeks after the ablation, growth changes of the spine were observed. RESULTS: No piglets died during and after ablation, and all had modified Tarlov Grade 5. The safe MWA time (time for safely ablating the vertebral growth plate) was 17.0 ± 1.5 s at 50 W, 23.0 ± 2.3 s at 40 W, 31.0 ± 3.1 s at 30 W, 47.0 ± 3.7 s at 20 W, 70.0 ± 4.2 s at 15 W, and 158.0 ± 5.0 s at 10 W. With power <15 W, the vertebral growth plate could not be effectively ablated within the safe ablation time. Within the safe ablation times, the MWA size on hematoxylin and eosin slices on a transverse diameter was between 7 and 10 mm; and that on longitudinal diameter was mainly determined by the ablation needle length. Moreover, the growth plate and annulus fibrosus on the ablated side grew poorly over time, the vertebral body showed significant wedge-shaped changes, and the spine showed significant unbalanced growth. CONCLUSION: MWA of the vertebral growth plate can be performed safely when accompanied with appropriate thermometry, and could be a new minimally invasive strategy in regulating spine growth.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Estudos de Viabilidade , Lâmina de Crescimento/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas
19.
iScience ; 24(7): 102794, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355143

RESUMO

There are plenty publications providing guidance for resistant taxa selection by experimental researches while the number of experimental taxa is often restricted. In this study, we presented a concise method to predict the temperature tolerance of wild Lilium in China based on open access botanical and associated environmental datasets. We divided all taxa into five groups to present an overview of Lilium's adaptability to temperature stress. Furthermore, according to the environmental conditions, the prediction of heat and cold tolerance in Lilium was made based on the combined multi-sources data at taxon level. Thirteen taxa with potential temperature tolerance were predicted of 42 taxa. The results showed that not only is tolerance prediction created by large-scale data analysis possible, but that it may supplement traditional laboratory researches with a comprehensive list of taxa.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445457

RESUMO

Strigolactones (SLs) regulate plant shoot development by inhibiting axillary bud growth and branching. However, the role of SLs in wintersweet (Chimonanthus praecox) shoot branching remains unknown. Here, we identified and isolated two wintersweet genes, CCD7 and CCD8, involved in the SL biosynthetic pathway. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 were down-regulated in wintersweet during branching. When new shoots were formed, expression levels of CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 were almost the same as the control (un-decapitation). CpCCD7 was expressed in all tissues, with the highest expression in shoot tips and roots, while CpCCD8 showed the highest expression in roots. Both CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 localized to chloroplasts in Arabidopsis. CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 overexpression restored the phenotypes of branching mutant max3-9 and max4-1, respectively. CpCCD7 overexpression reduced the rosette branch number, whereas CpCCD8 overexpression lines showed no phenotypic differences compared with wild-type plants. Additionally, the expression of AtBRC1 was significantly up-regulated in transgenic lines, indicating that two CpCCD genes functioned similarly to the homologous genes of the Arabidopsis. Overall, our study demonstrates that CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 exhibit conserved functions in the CCD pathway, which controls shoot development in wintersweet. This research provides a molecular and theoretical basis for further understanding branch development in wintersweet.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Calycanthaceae/genética , Dioxigenases , Genes de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Raízes de Plantas , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Arabidopsis/genética , Calycanthaceae/enzimologia , Dioxigenases/biossíntese , Dioxigenases/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/biossíntese , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/enzimologia , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/enzimologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética
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