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1.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2024: 5557143, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566808

RESUMO

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Accumulating evidence reveals that atherosclerosis (AS), characterized by systemic, chronic, and multifocal disease, and is the primary pathological basis of cardiovascular diseases, including CHD. However, the molecular underpinnings of CHD are still far from well understood. Our study attempted to identify aberrant plasma exosome-derived circRNAs and key exosomal circRNA biomarkers for CHD. Methods: The expression profiles of mRNAs, circRNAs, and lncRNAs in the blood exosomes of CHD patients and healthy controls were obtained from the exoRBase database. The corresponding miRNAs of the differentially expressed mRNAs, circRNAs, and lncRNAs were predicted via ENCORI and the miRcode database. LncRNAs/circRNAs and mRNAs with the cotargeted miRNAs were selected to construct an interaction network. Multiple machine learning algorithms have been used to explore potential biomarkers, followed by verification in patients with CHD using real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Results: Based on the cutoff criterion of P < 0.05, we identified 85 differentially expressed circRNAs (4 upregulated and 81 downregulated), 43 differentially expressed lncRNAs (24 upregulated and 19 downregulated), and 312 differentially expressed mRNAs (55 upregulated and 257 downregulated). Functional enrichment analysis revealed that the differentially expressed mRNAs were involved mainly in neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation and the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain- (NOD-) like receptor signaling pathway. Further analysis revealed that the DEGs in the circRNA/lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network were closely related to lipid and atherosclerotic signaling pathways. Hsa_circ_0001360 and hsa_circ_0000038 were identified as potential biomarkers for CHD based on three machine learning algorithms. The relative expression levels of hsa_circ_0001360 and hsa_circ_0000038 were significantly altered in plasma exosomes from patients with CHD. ROC curve analysis revealed that the areas under the curve (AUCs) were 0.860, 0.870, and 0.940 for hsa_circ_0001360, hsa_circ_0000038, and the two-gene combination, respectively. Conclusion: The circRNA/lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network might help to elucidate the pathogenesis of CHD. Hsa_circ_0001360 combined with hsa_circ_0000038 might be an important diagnostic biomarker.

2.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; : e30970, 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556751

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare hematologic neoplasm characterized by the clonal proliferation of Langerhans-like cells. Colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) is a membrane-bound receptor that is highly expressed in LCH cells and tumor-associated macrophages. In this study, a soluble form of CSF1R protein (sCSF1R) was identified by plasma proteome profiling, and its role in evaluating LCH prognosis was explored. We prospectively measured plasma sCSF1R levels in 104 LCH patients and 10 healthy children using ELISA. Plasma sCSF1R levels were greater in LCH patients than in healthy controls (p < .001) and significantly differed among the three disease extents, with the highest level in MS RO+ LCH patients (p < .001). Accordingly, immunofluorescence showed the highest level of membrane-bound CSF1R in MS RO+ patients. Furthermore, the plasma sCSF1R concentration at diagnosis could efficiently predict the prognosis of LCH patients treated with standard first-line treatment (AUC = 0.782, p < .001). Notably, dynamic monitoring of sCSF1R levels could predict relapse early in patients receiving BRAF inhibitor treatment. In vitro drug sensitivity data showed that sCSF1R increased resistance to Ara-C in THP-1 cells expressing ectopic BRAF-V600E. Overall, the plasma sCSF1R level at diagnosis and during follow-up is of great clinical importance in pediatric LCH patients.

3.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholesterol ester storage disorder (CESD; OMIM: 278,000) was formerly assumed to be an autosomal recessive allelic genetic condition connected to diminished lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) activity due to LIPA gene abnormalities. CESD is characterized by abnormal liver function and lipid metabolism, and in severe cases, liver failure can occur leading to death. In this study, one Chinese nonclassical CESD pedigree with dominant inheritance was phenotyped and analyzed for the corresponding gene alterations. METHODS: Seven males and eight females from nonclassical CESD pedigree were recruited. Clinical features and LAL activities were documented. Whole genome Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to screen candidate genes and mutations, Sanger sequencing confirmed predicted mutations, and qPCR detected LIPA mRNA expression. RESULTS: Eight individuals of the pedigree were speculatively thought to have CESD. LAL activity was discovered to be lowered in four living members of the pedigree, but undetectable in the other four deceased members who died of probable hepatic failure. Three of the four living relatives had abnormal lipid metabolism and all four had liver dysfunctions. By liver biopsy, the proband exhibited diffuse vesicular fatty changes in noticeably enlarged hepatocytes and Kupffer cell hyperplasia. Surprisingly, only a newly discovered heterozygous mutation, c.1133T>C (p. Ile378Thr) on LIPA, was found by gene sequencing in the proband. All living family members who carried the p.I378T variant displayed reduced LAL activity. CONCLUSIONS: Phenotypic analyses indicate that this may be an autosomal dominant nonclassical CESD pedigree with a LIPA gene mutation.

4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 71-75, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583028

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluation the effect of modified triangular flap-secondary healing (MTF-S) on the treatment of mandibular impacted wisdom teeth with full or partial bone impaction. METHODS: A total of 207 patients with mandibular impacted wisdom teeth were selected in Shaoxing Stomatological Hospital from June 2022 to June 2023. Among them, 86 patients had completely impacted wisdom teeth (group A), and 121 patients had partially impacted wisdom teeth (group B). All patients had bilateral impacted wisdom teeth. One of the wisdom teeth was removed first and was sutured with triangular flap-primary healing (TF-P). The other wisdom tooth was removed two weeks later and was sutured with MTF-S. Patients in groups A and B were divided into two subgroups based on suture methods, with TF-P used for group A1 and B1, and MTF-S used for groups A2 and B2. Perioperative indicators, including surgical time, root loss rate, and completeness of extraction sockets were recorded; Postoperative complications of four groups, including pain, swelling, and limited mouth opening were compared. SPSS 22.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The surgical time of group A1, A2, B1 and B2 was (17.69±3.28), (18.22±3.06), (12.37±3.72) and (12.64±4.13) minutes, respectively. The surgical time of group A1 and A2 was significantly longer than that of group B1 and B2 (P<0.05). Seven days after surgery, the VAS scores of group A1, A2, B1 and B2 were (1.17±0.34), (0.93±0.29), (0.48±0.15) and (0.76±0.21), respectively. The VAS scores of group B1 and B2 were lower than those of group A1 and A2, and group A2 was lower than group A1 and B2 was higher than group B1 group(P<0.05). On the 1st day, 3rd day, and 7th day after surgery, the swelling degree in group A1 was greater than that in group B1, and the swelling degree in group B1 was greater than that in group A2 and B2(P<0.05); while the limitation of mouth opening mouth in group A2 and B2 was lower than that in group A1 and B1, and the limitation of opening mouth in group B2 was lower than that in group A2(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with partially impacted wisdom teeth, the extraction of completely impacted wisdom teeth has a longer surgical time. For completely impacted wisdom teeth, MTF-S is beneficial for reducing postoperative pain, swelling and mouth opening limitations. For partially impacted wisdom teeth, MTF-S is beneficial for reducing postoperative swelling and mouth opening limitations, but the effect is not significant in reducing patient pain.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Molar , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Coroas , Dor Pós-Operatória
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(12): 15372-15382, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494605

RESUMO

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding and infrared stealth technologies are essential for military and civilian applications. However, it remains a significant challenge to integrate various functions efficiently into a material efficiently. Herein, a minimalist strategy to fabricate multifunctional phase change organohydrogels (PCOHs) was proposed, which were fabricated from polyacrylamide (PAM) organohydrogels, MXene/PEDOT:PSS hybrid fillers, and sodium sulfate decahydrate (Na2SO4·10H2O, SSD) via one-step photoinitiation strategies. PCOHs with a high enthalpy value (130.7 J/g) and encapsulation rate (98%) could adjust the temperature by triggering a phase change of SSD, which can hide infrared radiation to achieve medium-low temperature infrared stealth. In addition, the PCOH-based sensor has good strain sensing ability due to the incorporation of MXene/PEDOT:PSS and can precisely monitor human movement. Remarkably, benefiting from the electron conduction of the three-dimensional conductive network and the ion conduction of the hydrogel, the EMI shielding efficiency (k) of PCOHs can reach 99.99% even the filler content as low as 1.8 wt %. Additionally, EMI shielding, infrared stealth, and sensing-integrated PCOHs can be adhered to arbitrary targets due to their excellent flexibility and adaptability. This work offers a promising pathway for fabricating multifunctional phase change materials, which show great application prospects in military and civilian fields.

6.
J Physiol ; 602(6): 1175-1197, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431908

RESUMO

Non-invasive transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) is a safe ischaemic stroke therapy. Cathodal bilateral tDCS (BtDCS) is a modified tDCS approach established by us recently. Because selenium (Se) plays a crucial role in cerebral ischaemic injury, we investigated whether cathodal BtDCS conferred neuroprotection via regulating Se-dependent signalling in rat cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. We first showed that the levels of Se and its transport protein selenoprotein P (SEPP1) were reduced in the rat cortical penumbra following I/R, whereas cathodal BtDCS prevented the reduction of Se and SEPP1. Interestingly, direct-current stimulation (DCS) increased SEPP1 level in cultured astrocytes subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation reoxygenation (OGD/R) but had no effect on SEPP1 level in OGD/R-insulted neurons, indicating that DCS may increase Se in ischaemic neurons by enhancing the synthesis and secretion of SEPP1 in astrocytes. We then revealed that DCS reduced the number of injured mitochondria in OGD/R-insulted neurons cocultured with astrocytes. DCS and BtDCS prevented the reduction of the mitochondrial quality-control signalling, vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and syntaxin-4 (STX4), in OGD/R-insulted neurons cocultured with astrocytes and the ischaemic brain respectively. Under the same experimental conditions, downregulation of SEPP1 blocked DCS- and BtDCS-induced upregulation of VAMP2 and STX4. Finally, we demonstrated that cathodal BtDCS increased Se to reduce infract volume following I/R. Together, the present study uncovered a molecular mechanism by which cathodal BtDCS confers neuroprotection through increasing SEPP1 in astrocytes and subsequent upregulation of SEPP1/VAMP2/STX4 signalling in ischaemic neurons after rat cerebral I/R injury. KEY POINTS: Cathodal bilateral transcranial direct-current stimulation (BtDCS) prevents the reduction of selenium (Se) and selenoprotein P in the ischaemic penumbra. Se plays a crucial role in cerebral ischaemia injury. Direct-current stimulation reduces mitochondria injury and blocks the reduction of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and syntaxin-4 (STX4) in oxygen-glucose deprivation reoxygenation-insulted neurons following coculturing with astrocytes. Cathodal BtDCS regulates Se/VAMP2/STX4 signalling to confer neuroprotection after ischaemia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Selênio , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Ratos , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Neuroproteção/fisiologia , Proteína 2 Associada à Membrana da Vesícula , Selenoproteína P , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Proteínas Qa-SNARE
7.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509388

RESUMO

Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive ailment resulting from glucocerebrosidase deficiency caused by a mutation in the GBA1 gene, leading to multi-organ problems in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. In China, GD is extremely uncommon and has a lower incidence rate than worldwide. In this study, we report the case of an adult male with an enlarged spleen for 13 years who presented with abdominal distension, severe loss of appetite and weight, reduction of the three-line due to hypersplenism, frequent nosebleeds, and bloody stools. Regrettably, the unexpected discovery of splenic pathology suggestive of splenic Gaucher disease was only made after a splenectomy due to a lack of knowledge about rare disorders. Our patient's delayed diagnosis may have been due to the department where he was originally treated, but it highlights the need for multidisciplinary consultation in splenomegaly of unknown etiology. We then investigated the patient's clinical phenotypes and gene mutation features using genetically phenotypical analysis. The analysis of the GBA1 gene sequence indicated that the patient carried a compound heterozygous mutation consisting of two potentially disease-causing mutations: c.907C > A (p. Leu303Ile) and c.1448 T > C (p. Leu483Pro). While previous research has linked the p. Leu483Pro mutation site to neurologic GD phenotypes (GD2 and GD3), the patients in this investigation were identified as having non-neuronopathic GD1. The other mutation, p. Leu303Ile, is a new GD-related mutation not indexed in PubMed that enriches the GBA1 gene mutation spectrum. Biosignature analysis has shown that both mutations alter the protein's three-dimensional structure, which may be a pathogenic mechanism for GD1 in this patient.

8.
Comput Biol Med ; 172: 108064, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452469

RESUMO

Stochastic optimization methods have gained significant prominence as effective techniques in contemporary research, addressing complex optimization challenges efficiently. This paper introduces the Parrot Optimizer (PO), an efficient optimization method inspired by key behaviors observed in trained Pyrrhura Molinae parrots. The study features qualitative analysis and comprehensive experiments to showcase the distinct characteristics of the Parrot Optimizer in handling various optimization problems. Performance evaluation involves benchmarking the proposed PO on 35 functions, encompassing classical cases and problems from the IEEE CEC 2022 test sets, and comparing it with eight popular algorithms. The results vividly highlight the competitive advantages of the PO in terms of its exploratory and exploitative traits. Furthermore, parameter sensitivity experiments explore the adaptability of the proposed PO under varying configurations. The developed PO demonstrates effectiveness and superiority when applied to engineering design problems. To further extend the assessment to real-world applications, we included the application of PO to disease diagnosis and medical image segmentation problems, which are highly relevant and significant in the medical field. In conclusion, the findings substantiate that the PO is a promising and competitive algorithm, surpassing some existing algorithms in the literature. The supplementary files and open source codes of the proposed Parrot Optimizer (PO) is available at https://aliasgharheidari.com/PO.html and https://github.com/junbolian/PO.


Assuntos
Papagaios , Animais , Algoritmos , Benchmarking , Fenótipo
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(30): 4048-4051, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502133

RESUMO

This study introduces novel Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHCs) derived from quinoxaline. It shows that strategically incorporating N atoms and methyl groups markedly improves the hydrogen release kinetics. This structural modulation optimizes the adsorption properties and enables low-temp C-H bond activation, providing valuable insights for developing efficient LOHCs.

10.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429619

RESUMO

The Na ( +)-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) is a member of the solute carrier family 10 (SLC10), which consists of 7 members (SLC10a1-SLC10a7). NTCP is a transporter localized to the basolateral membrane of hepatocytes and is primarily responsible for the absorption of bile acids. Although mammalian NTCP has been extensively studied, little is known about the lamprey NTCP (L-NTCP). Here we show that L-NTCP follows the biological evolutionary history of vertebrates, with conserved domain, motif, and similar tertiary structure to higher vertebrates. L-NTCP is localized to the cell surface of lamprey primary hepatocytes by immunofluorescence analysis. HepG2 cells overexpressing L-NTCP also showed the distribution of L-NTCP on the cell surface. The expression profile of L-NTCP showed that the expression of NTCP is highest in lamprey liver tissue. L-NTCP also has the ability to transport bile acids, consistent with its higher vertebrate orthologs. Finally, using a farnesoid X receptor (FXR) antagonist, RT-qPCR and flow cytometry results showed that L-NTCP is negatively regulated by the nuclear receptor FXR. This study is important for understanding the adaptive mechanisms of bile acid metabolism after lamprey biliary atresia based on understanding the origin, evolution, expression profile, biological function, and expression regulation of L-NTCP.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1357953, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455957

RESUMO

Introduction: NBP is a compound isolated from celery seeds, which was approved by the National Medical Products Administration in 2002 for clinical treatment of ischemic stroke. However, in brain ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, the related research on mitochondrial dynamics and its mechanism of action of NBP still need to be further studied. The aim of this study was to assess NBP on cerebral pathology in ischemic stroke in vivo, with a specific focus on the molecular mechanisms of how NBP promotes mitochondrial fusion. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were utilized in this study and were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). Pre-ischemia, NBP was administered through intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection for 7 days. Results: Our findings demonstrated that NBP effectively reduced infarct volume, improved neurological dysfunction, enhanced cerebral blood flow, and promoted mitochondrial fusion in mice subjected to MCAO/R. More importantly, the pro-fusion effects of NBP were found to be linked to the activation of AMPK/Mfn1 pathway, and with the activation of neurological function, which was partially eliminated by inhibitors of AMPK. Discussion: Our results revealed that NBP is a novel mitochondrial fusion promoter in protecting against ischemic stroke through the AMPK-mediated Mfn1. These findings contribute to the understanding of novel mechanisms involved in the protection of neurological function following NBP treatment for ischemic stroke.

12.
Clin Transl Allergy ; 14(3): e12346, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children is increasing. Early exposure to stress factors may be associated with the AD development. This study aimed to summarize studies that reported an association between stress exposure and AD development in later life. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A comprehensive literature search was performed using online databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) for articles published up to May 1, 2023. Eligible studies were screened and selected based on the inclusion criteria. We incorporated cohort or case-control studies published in English which explored the relationship between stress experienced by parents or children and AD. The pooled odds ratio (OR) was calculated according to the type of stress using a random-effects model. Twenty-two studies were included. AD was related to maternal distress (OR 1.29, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.13-1.47), maternal anxiety (OR 1.31, 95% CI: 1.18-1.46), and negative life events (OR 2.00, 95% CI: 1.46-2.76). Maternal depression during pregnancy was associated with AD (OR 1.21, 95% CI: 1.09-1.33), whereas no significant association was found for postpartum depression. Research on stress experienced by paternal or children is scare. CONCLUSIONS: Early maternal stress may potentially elevate the risk of AD in their offspring. Importantly, rigorously designed studies are required to corroborate the link between maternal stress and AD in children. These studies should aim to gather insights about the impact of stress during specific trimesters of pregnancy, postnatal stress, and paternal stress, and to identify potential prevention strategies.

13.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1309501, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469031

RESUMO

Introduction: Emotional words are often used as stimulus material to explore the cognitive and emotional characteristics of individuals with depressive disorder, while normal individuals mostly rate the scores of affective words. Given that individuals with depressive disorder exhibit a negative cognitive bias, it is possible that their depressive state could influence the ratings of affective words. To enhance the validity of the stimulus material, we specifically recruited patients with depression to provide these ratings. Methods: This study provided subjective ratings for 501 Chinese affective norms, incorporating 167 negative words selected from depressive disorder patients' Sino Weibo blogs, and 167 neutral words and 167 positive words selected from the Chinese Affective Word System. The norms are based on the assessments made by 91 patients with depressive disorder and 92 normal individuals, by using the paper-and-pencil quiz on a 9-point scale. Results: Regardless of the group, the results show high reliability and validity. We identified group differences in three dimensions: valence, arousal, and self-relevance: the depression group rated negative words higher, but positive and neutral words lower than the normal control group. Conclusion: The emotional perception affected the individual's perception of words, to some extent, this database expanded the ratings and provided a reference for exploring norms for individuals with different emotional states.

14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(2): 873-884, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471926

RESUMO

Chitosan-modified biochar (CBC) was prepared as a low-cost and highly efficient adsorbent for Cd2+ in aqueous solutions. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted to evaluate the adsorption performance. Characterization experiments with SEM-EDS, FTIR, and XPS were used to analyze the surface microstructure and chemical composition of the adsorbent. The results showed that the adsorption performance of CBC was remarkably improved by the introduction of surface functional groups (-OH, -C=O, and -NH2). The pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir model were better for describing the kinetics and isotherms for Cd2+ adsorption onto CBC, indicating that the adsorption rate was determined by the active sites and controlled by monolayer chemisorption. The adsorption process was endothermic spontaneous, and the key mechanisms involved complexation, precipitation, cation exchange, and cation-π bonds. After five instances of adsorption-desorption cycles, the adsorption capacity of CBC for Cd2+ still remained above 80% of the initial adsorption capacity, indicating that CBC had a favorable recyclability. The current work embodies the concept of green chemistry, and the prepared chitosan-modified biochar was a promising adsorbent for the removal of Cd2+ in wastewater and soil.

15.
J Evid Based Med ; 17(1): 78-85, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507604

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Elective-emergency admission control referred to allocating available inpatient bed capacity between elective and emergency hospitalization demand. Existing approaches for admission control often excluded several complex factors when making decisions, such as uncertain bed capacity and unknown true probability distributions of patient arrivals and departures. We aimed to create a data-driven newsvendor framework to study the elective-emergency admission control problem to achieve bed operational efficiency and effectiveness. METHODS: We developed a data-driven approach that utilized the newsvendor framework to formulate the admission control problem. We also created approximation algorithms to generate a pool of candidate admission control solutions. Past observations and relevant emergency demand and bed capacity features were modeled in a newsvendor framework. Using approximation algorithmic approaches (sample average approximation, separated estimation and optimization, linear programing-LP, and distribution-free model) allowed us to derive computationally efficient data-driven solutions with tight bounds on the expected in-sample and out-of-sample cost guaranteed. RESULTS: Tight generalization bounds on the expected out-of-sample cost of the feature-based model were derived with respect to the LP and quadratic programing (QP) algorithms, respectively. Results showed that the optimal feature-based model outperformed the optimal observation-based model with respect to the expected cost. In a setting where the unit overscheduled cost was higher than the unit under-scheduled cost, scheduling fewer elective patients would replace the benefit of incorporating related features in the model. The tighter the available bed capacity for elective patients, the bigger the difference of the schedule cost between the feature-based model and the observation-based model. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides a reference for the theoretical study on bed capacity allocation between elective and emergency patients under the condition of the unknown true probability distribution of bed capacity and emergency demand, and it also proves that the approximate optimal policy has good performance.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Pacientes Internados , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Teóricos , Incerteza
17.
J Bioenerg Biomembr ; 56(2): 181-191, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411863

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is one of the most lethal and common malignancies. The energy metabolism of LUAD is a critical factor affecting its malignant progression, and research on this topic can aid in the development of novel cancer treatment targets. Bioinformatics analysis of the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00665 in LUAD was performed. Downstream regulatory molecules of LINC00665 were predicted using the StarBase database. We used quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot to measure the expression at mRNA and protein levels, respectively. The effects of the LINC00665/let-7c-5p/HMMR axis on cell viability in vitro were tested by CCK-8 assay. The regulatory effects on glycolysis were analyzed by extracellular acidification rate, oxygen consumption rate, glucose uptake, adenosine triphosphate production, and lactate production. The predicted competitive endogenous RNA mechanism between LINC00665 and let-7c-5p/HMMR was verified by a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. LINC00665 was upregulated in LUAD. Silencing LINC00665 inhibited tumor proliferation and reduced the glycolytic activity of tumor cells. Additionally, the expression of LINC00665 had a negative correlation with that of let-7c-5p, while the expression of HMMR was remarkably inhibited by let-7c-5p. HMMR could affect the development of LUAD by influencing glycolytic capacity. Mechanistically, LINC00665 acted as a molecular sponge to absorb let-7c-5p and targeted HMMR. Transfection of let-7c-5p inhibitor or overexpression of HMMR plasmid could reverse the inhibition in proliferation and glycolysis of LUAD cells induced by silencing of LINC00665. In summary, this study demonstrated that the LINC00665/let-7c-5p/HMMR regulatory axis promoted the tumorigenesis of LUAD by enhancing aerobic glycolysis, suggesting that this regulatory axis was an effective target for inhibiting LUAD progression and providing theoretical support for the development of new drugs for LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Glicólise , Metabolismo Energético , Sobrevivência Celular , Pulmão , MicroRNAs/genética , Proliferação de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
19.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409642

RESUMO

After ischaemic cerebral vascular injury, efferocytosis-a process known as the efficient clearance of apoptotic cells (ACs) by various phagocytes in both physiological and pathological states-is crucial for maintaining central nervous system (CNS) homeostasis and regaining prognosis. The mechanisms of efferocytosis in ischaemic stroke and its influence on preventing inflammation progression from secondary injury were still not fully understood, despite the fact that the fundamental process of efferocytosis has been described in a series of phases, including AC recognition, phagocyte engulfment, and subsequent degradation. The genetic reprogramming of macrophages and brain-resident microglia after an ischaemic stroke has been equated by some researchers to that of the peripheral blood and brain. Based on previous studies, some molecules, such as signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARG), CD300A, and sigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1 (SIGMAR1), were discovered to be largely associated with aspects of apoptotic cell elimination and accompanying neuroinflammation, such as inflammatory cytokine release, phenotype transformation, and suppressing of antigen presentation. Exacerbated stroke outcomes are brought on by defective efferocytosis and improper modulation of pertinent signalling pathways in blood-borne macrophages and brain microglia, which also results in subsequent tissue inflammatory damage. This review focuses on recent researches which contain a number of recently discovered mechanisms, such as studies on the relationship between benign efferocytosis and the regulation of inflammation in ischaemic stroke, the roles of some risk factors in disease progression, and current immune approaches that aim to promote efferocytosis to treat some autoimmune diseases. Understanding these pathways provides insight into novel pathophysiological processes and fresh characteristics, which can be used to build cerebral ischaemia targeting techniques.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(4)2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38399145

RESUMO

Promoting the uptake of dyes is an important part of the sustainable processing of wool products. This study presents an effective modification approach to enhance the dyeability of wool fabric with adenosine triphosphate as an activator, 3-carboxyphenyl boronic acid as a ligand-binding agent, and chitin whisker as a couple agent. The structure and surface morphology of the as-prepared wool fabric was characterized in detail. Natural luteolin and acid red 1 were used to dye the modified wool fabric, and the effect of different dyeing parameters on dyeing properties was discussed. The results indicated that the modified wool gained better surface color depth (K/S) and uptake without additional agents than the untreated wool fabric. When the modified wool fabric was dyed at 45 °C with luteolin and at 60 °C with acid red 1, the dyeing processes of the two dyes on the modified wool fabrics followed the Langmuir isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Furthermore, the dyed modified wool fabrics possessed improved color fastness. Overall, this work offers a facile, effective, and sustainable way to improve the low-temperature dyeability of wool products.

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