Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.532
Filtrar
1.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 15: 21501319241251934, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726652

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Despite U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Cancer Society endorsement of primary HPV screening, limited published data shows low uptake. PRIMARY AIM: Assess cervical cancer screening rates over time, particularly primary HPV test uptake, among patients in a midwestern practice. SECONDARY AIM: Evaluate associations between sociodemographics and screening adherence. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Qualifying subjects and type of screening test used were identified by applying ICD-9, ICD-10, lab test, and CPT codes to the Unified Data Platform. Sociodemographics were found through the electronic health record. RESULTS: Primary HPV uptake represented <1% of annual screening from 1/2017 to 1/2022. On 1/1/2022, only 55% of 21 to 29 year old and 63% of 30 to 65 year old were up to date with screening among the studied population. For 21 to 29 year old, compared with White women, Black women were 28% less likely to be screened [RR = 0.72 (0.66-0.79)]. Compared with never-smokers, current smokers were 9% less likely to be screened [RR = 0.91 (0.87-0.96)], past smokers were 14% more likely [RR = 1.14 (1.09-1.2)]. Among 30 to 65 year old, compared with White women, Black women were 14% less likely to be screened [RR = 0.86 (0.81-0.9)]. Compared with never-smokers, current smokers were 21% less likely to be screened [RR = 0.79 (0.77-0.81)], past smokers were 6% less likely [RR = 0.94 (0.92-0.95)]. Jointly considering race, ethnicity, smoking status, Charlson score, and rurality, findings were similar for 21 to 29 year old; Black women were screened less than White women [RR = 0.73 (0.67-0.79)]; current smokers [RR = 0.9 (0.85-0.94)] and past smokers [RR = 1.12 (1.06-1.17)] were screened less than never smokers. For 30 to 65 year old, Black women were screened less than White women [RR = 0.83 (0.79-0.88)]; current smokers [RR = 0.8 (0.78-0.81)] and past smokers [RR = 0.95 (0.93-0.96)] were screened less than never smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Screening rates remained below the Healthy People 2030 goal of 79.2% over time, particularly for younger Black women and current smokers, with minimal use of primary HPV screening.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Idoso , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Papillomavirus Humano
2.
EJNMMI Rep ; 8(1): 5, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Should early response imaging predict tumor response to therapy, personalized treatment adaptations could be feasible to improve outcome or reduce the risk of adverse events. This prospective single-center observational study on 2-fluorine-18-fluoro-deoxy-glucose (2-[18F]FDG) positron-emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) features aims to investigate the association between semantic 2-[18F]FDG-PET/MRI imaging parameters and outcome prediction in uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) treated with radiotherapy. RESULTS: Eleven study participants with previously untreated CSCC were examined with 2-[18F]FDG-PET/MRI at baseline and approximately one week after start of curative radiotherapy. All study participants had at least 24 months clinical follow-up. Two patients relapsed during the follow-up period. Reduced tumor size according to visual assessment was present in 9/11 participants (median change in sum of largest diameters (SLD) - 10.4%; range - 2.5 to - 24.6%). The size reduction was less pronounced in the relapse group compared to the no relapse group, with median change in SLD - 4.9%, versus - 10.4%. None of the reductions qualified as significantly reduced or increased in size according to RECIST 1.1., hence all participants were at this stage classified as non-responders/stable disease. Median baseline functional tumor volume (FTV) for the relapse group was 126 cm3, while for the no relapse group 9.3 cm3. Median delta FTV in the relapse group was 50.7 cm3, representing an actual increase in metabolically active volume, while median delta FTV in the no relapse group was - 2.0 cm3. Median delta apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was lower in the relapse group versus the no relapse group (- 3.5 mm2/s vs. 71 mm2/s). CONCLUSIONS: Early response assessment with 2-[18F]FDG-PET/MRI identified potentially predictive functional imaging biomarkers for prediction of radiotherapy outcome in CSCC, that could not be recognized with tumor measurements according to RECIST 1.1. These biomarkers (delta FTV and delta ADC) should be further evaluated. Trial registration Clinical Trials, NCT02379039. Registered 4 March 2015-Retrospectively registered, https://classic. CLINICALTRIALS: gov/ct2/show/study/NCT02379039 .

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723775

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radiation-induced dermatitis (RD) is a common side effect of therapeutic ionizing radiation that can severely affect patient quality of life. This study aimed to develop a risk prediction model for the occurrence of RD in patients with cervical carcinoma undergoing chemoradiotherapy using electronic medical records (EMRs). METHODS: Using electronic medical records, the clinical data of patients who underwent simultaneous radiotherapy and chemotherapy at a tertiary cancer hospital between 2017 and 2022 were retrospectively collected, and the patients were divided into two groups: a training group and a validation group. A predictive model was constructed to predict the development of RD in patients who underwent concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cervical cancer. Finally, the model's efficacy was validated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The incidence of radiation dermatitis was 89.5% (560/626) in the entire cohort, 88.6% (388/438) in the training group, and 91.5% (172/188) in the experimental group. The nomogram was established based on the following factors: age, the days between the beginning and conclusion of radiotherapy, the serum albumin (ALB) after chemoradiotherapy, the use of single or multiple drugs for concurrent chemotherapy, and the total dose of afterloading radiotherapy. Internal and external verification indicated that the model had good discriminatory ability. Overall, the model achieved an AUC of .66. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of RD in patients with cervical carcinoma undergoing chemoradiotherapy is high. A risk prediction model can be developed for RD in cervical carcinoma patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy, based on over 5 years of EMR data from a tertiary cancer hospital.

5.
Ceska Gynekol ; 89(2): 95-101, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare cervical stroma in advanced cervical cancer with the control group; to compare, in the pre-treatment period, hemogram parameters in patients with advanced cervical cancer with the same parameters as the control group; and to verify if there is an association of stromal markers with prognostic factors in cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 16 patients diagnosed with advanced invasive cervical cancer. A control group of 22 patients was used (uterine leiomyoma). Immunohistochemistry was performed to verify the stromal immunostaining of alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA) and fibroblast activation protein alpha (FAP). Immunostainings and hemogram parameters were compared using Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney Test, respectively. RESULTS: Strong FAP immunostaining was more frequent in patients with cervical cancer when compared with patients with leiomyoma (P = 0.0002). Regarding SMA, strong immunostaining was also found more in the group of cancer patients compared to the control group (P < 0.00001). The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) values were higher in the cancer patient group compared to the control group (P = 0.0019). There was no association of the parameters studied with prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Strong FAP and SMA immunostaining was found more in patients with cervical cancer when compared to the control group. NLR values were also higher in cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Endopeptidases , Actinas/análise , Actinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/análise , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Gelatinases/análise , Gelatinases/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/análise , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Leiomioma/patologia
6.
Heliyon ; 10(8): e29223, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644841

RESUMO

Objective: During the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, most of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) funded programs (recipients) experienced significant declines in breast and cervical cancer screening volume. However, 6 recipients maintained breast and/or cervical cancer screening volume during July-December 2020 despite their states' high COVID-19 test percent positivity. We led a qualitative multi-case study to explore these recipients' actions that may have contributed to screening volume maintenance. Methods: We conducted 22 key informant interviews with recipients, screening provider sites, and partner organizations. Interviews explored organizational and operational changes; screening barriers; actions taken to help maintain screening volume; and support for provider sites to continue screening. We documented contextual factors that may have influenced these actions, including program structures; clinic capacity; and state COVID-19 policies. Results: Thematic analysis revealed crosscutting themes at the recipient, provider site, and partner levels. Recipients made changes to administrative processes to reduce burden on provider sites and delivered tailored technical assistance to support safe screening. Provider sites modified clinic protocols to increase patient safety, enhanced patient reminders for upcoming appointments, and increased patient education on the importance of timely screening during the pandemic. Partners worked with provider sites to identify and reduce patients' structural barriers to screening. Conclusion: Study findings provide lessons learned to inform emergency preparedness-focused planning and operations, as well as routine operations for NBCCEDP recipient programs, other cancer screening initiatives, primary care clinics, and chronic disease prevention programs.

7.
J Gynecol Oncol ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the health impact and economic benefits among individuals who did not receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to those who received a single dose, or 2 doses. The comparison was stratified by 4 types of vaccine in conjunction with primary HPV screening in a low/middle-income country setting. METHODS: A Markov model was employed to simulate HPV infection and cervical cancer in a cohort of 100,000 12-year-old girls free of HPV. The study scrutinized 9 strategies: 1 dose and 2 doses of 2vHPV (Cervarix®), 2vHPV (Cecolin®), 4vHPV (Gardasil®), 9vHPV vaccine (Gardasil9®), and no vaccination. The primary outcome measure was the quality-adjusted life year (QALY) of each strategy. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were estimated over a lifetime horizon, accompanied by sensitivity analyses conducted. RESULTS: All vaccination programs yielded 41,298-71,057 QALYs gained accompanied by cost savings of 14,914,186-19,821,655 USD compared to no vaccination. Administering 2 doses of 9vHPV vaccine emerged as the most cost-effective strategy, boasting 406 USD/QALY, within a lower willingness to pay threshold. Sensitivity analysis demonstrated an 80% probability of the cost-effectiveness of the 2 doses of 9vHPV vaccine regimen. Furthermore, uncertainty around the costs of vaccination and vaccine efficacy exerted the most substantial influence on the cost-effectiveness findings. CONCLUSION: Oping for 2 doses of 9vHPV vaccine in conjunction with a primary HPV screening represents the most cost-effective option for implementing a school-based HPV vaccination program targeting 12-year-old girls in Thailand. Such findings provide valuable insights for policymakers in the realm of cervical cancer prevention.

8.
Eur Radiol ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values extracted from three different region of interest (ROI) position approaches and programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression, and evaluate the performance of the nomogram established based on ADC values and clinicopathological parameters in predicting PD-L1 expression in cervical cancer (CC) patients. METHODS: Through retrospective recruitment, a training cohort of 683 CC patients was created, and a validation cohort of 332 CC patients was prospectively recruited. ROIs were delineated using three different methods to measure the mean ADC (ADCmean), single-section ADC (ADCss), and the minimum ADC of tumors (ADCmin). Logistic regression was employed to identify independent factors related to PD-L1 expression. A nomogram was drawn based on ADC values combined with clinicopathological features, its discrimination and calibration performances were estimated using the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic and calibration curve. The clinical benefits were evaluated by decision curve analysis. RESULTS: The ADCmin independently correlated with PD-L1 expression. The nomogram constructed with ADCmin and other independent clinicopathological-related factors: FIGO staging, pathological grade, parametrial invasion, and lymph node status demonstrated excellent diagnostic performance (AUC = 0.912 and 0.903, respectively), good calibration capacities, and greater net benefits compared to the clinicopathological model in both the training and validation cohorts. CONCLUSION: ADCmin independently correlated PD-L1 expression, and the nomogram established with ADCmin and clinicopathological independent prognostic factors had a strong predictive performance for PD-L1 expression, thereby serving as a promising tool for selecting cases eligible for immunotherapy. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The minimum ADC can serve as a reliable imaging biomarker related to PD-L1 expression; the established nomogram combines the minimum ADC and clinicopathological factors that can assist clinical immunotherapy decisions.

9.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 401, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate related factors for postoperative pathological upgrading of cervical biopsy to cervical cancer (CC) in patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)3 after conical resection. METHODS: This retrospective study collected data from patients diagnosed with CIN3 by cervical biopsies at the author's Hospital between January 2012 and December 2022. The primary outcome was the pathological results of patients after conical resection. The pathological findings were categorized into the pathological upgrading group if postoperative pathology indicated CC, while those with normal, inflammatory, or cervical precancerous lesions were classified into the pathological non-upgrading group. The factors associated with upgrading were identified using multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 511 patients, there were 125 patients in the pathological upgrading group (24.46%). The patients in the upgrading group were younger (47.68 ± 9.46 vs. 52.11 ± 7.02, P < 0.001), showed a lower proportion of menopausal women (38.40% vs. 53.02%, P = 0.0111), a lower proportion of HSIL (40.00% vs. 57.77%, P = 0.001), a higher rate of HPV-16/18 positive (25.60% vs. 17.36%, P = 0.011), a higher rate of contact bleeding (54.40% vs. 21.50%, P < 0.001), lower HDL levels (1.31 ± 0.29 vs. 1.37 ± 0.34 mmol/L, P = 0.002), higher neutrophil counts (median, 3.50 vs. 3.10 × 109/L, P = 0.001), higher red blood cell counts (4.01 ± 0.43 vs. 3.97 ± 0.47 × 1012/L, P = 0.002), higher platelet counts (204.84 ± 61.24 vs. 187.06 ± 73.66 × 109/L, P = 0.012), and a smaller platelet volume (median, 11.50 vs. 11.90 fL, P = 0.002).The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR = 0.90, 95% CI: 0.86-0.94, P < 0.001), menopausal (OR = 2.68, 95% CI: 1.38-5.22, P = 0.004), contact bleeding (OR = 4.80, 95% CI: 2.91-7.91, P < 0.001), and mean platelet volume (OR = 0.83, 95% CI: 0.69-0.99, P = 0.038) were independently associated with pathological upgrading from CIN3 to CC after conical resection. CONCLUSION: Age, menopausal, contact bleeding, and mean platelet volume are risk factors of pathological upgrading from CIN3 to CC after conical resection, which could help identify high risk and susceptible patients of pathological upgrading to CC.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Displasia do Colo do Útero , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Papillomavirus Humano 18 , Displasia do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Biópsia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações
10.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 84(2): 236-248, 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38683508

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Little evidence exists on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemics on the compliance with cervical cancer treatment. METHODS: We carried out a population-based, before-and-after retrospective cohort study of all cervical cancer patients diagnosed in the Jujuy province public health sector (n=140), Argentina, between 2017 and 2020. Patients diagnosed in 2020 were considered exposed to the COVID-19 pandemic (n=21). We used multivariable logistic regression to assess the relationship between the pandemics and compliance with treatment. We also measured treatment duration for women who were indicated brachytherapy and time to treatment initiation by stage. RESULTS: Compared with women diagnosed in 2017-2019 the odds ratio of non-complying with treatment was 1.77 (95%CI 0.59-5.81; p = 0.32) for women diagnosed during 2020. An increased risk of non-compliance was found in patients with prescribed brachytherapy (OR 4.14. 95%CI 1.95-9.11; p < 0.001). Median treatment duration for women with prescribed brachytherapy was 12.8 and 15.7 weeks in 2017-2019 vs. 2020 (p = 0.33); median time to treatment initiation for women with early-stage disease was 9 and 5 weeks during 2017-2019 and 2020 respectively (p = 0.06), vs 7.2 and 9 weeks in 2017-2019 and 2020 respectively (p = 0.36) for patients with stages IIB+ disease. CONCLUSIONS: Low access to brachytherapy was a major determinant of non-compliance. irrespective of the effect of the pandemics.


Introducción: Hay escasa evidencia sobre el impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en el cumplimiento del tratamiento de cáncer cervicouterino. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio poblacional de cohorte retrospectivo. ­antes/después­ de las pacientes con cáncer cervicouterino diagnosticadas en establecimientos públicos de la provincia de Jujuy (n = 140), entre 2017 y 2020. Las pacientes diagnosticadas en 2020 se consideraron expuestas a la pandemia (n = 21). Utilizamos la regresión logística multivariada para analizar la asociación entre pandemia y cumplimiento del tratamiento de cáncer. Además, se midió la duración del tratamiento en aquellas con indicación de braquiterapia y el tiempo hasta el inicio al tratamiento según estadio. Resultados: Comparadas con las mujeres diagnosticadas en 2017-2019 el odds ratio de incumplimiento del tratamiento fue de 1.77 (IC95% 0.59-5.81; p = 0.32) para las diagnosticadas durante 2020. Se encontró un mayor riesgo de incumplimiento en pacientes con indicación de braquiterapia (OR 4.14; IC 95%:1.95-9.11; p < 0.001). La mediana de duración del tratamiento para aquellas con indicación de braquiterapia fue de 12.8 y 15.7 semanas en 2017-2019 y 2020 respectivamente (p = 0.33). La mediana de tiempo hasta el inicio del tratamiento para pacientes con enfermedad en estadio temprano fue de 9 y 5 semanas durante 2017-2019 y 2020 respectivamente (p = 0.06), versus una mediana de 7.2 y 9 semanas en 2017-2019 y 2020 respectivamente (p=0.36) para las pacientes con enfermedad en estadio IIB+. Conclusiones: El bajo acceso a la braquiterapia fue un factor determinante de incumplimiento de tratamiento de cáncer cervicouterino, independientemente del efecto de la pandemia.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , COVID-19 , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Argentina/epidemiologia , Braquiterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38684343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recurrence remains a significant clinical problem for patients with cervical cancer, and early detection may improve outcomes. Serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) is a biomarker of prognosis and response to chemoradiotherapy. We hypothesized that elevated serum SCCA during surveillance is sensitive and specific for recurrence. METHODS: Pre-treatment and follow-up serum SCCA from patients treated with definitive-intent radiotherapy were measured via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified laboratory and analyzed retrospectively. Follow-up SCCA was defined as the value closest to recurrence, or as last available for patients without recurrence. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of follow-up SCCA for recurrence was determined for the whole cohort (Cohort 1), for patients with elevated (Cohort 2), and normal pre-treatment SCCA (Cohort 3). Patterns of failure were also evaluated. RESULTS: Of 227 patients in Cohort 1, 23% experienced recurrence, and 17% died of cervical cancer. Mean follow-up SCCA was 0.9 (±2.5) for patients with no recurrence and 6.0 (±18.7) for patients with recurrence (p=0.02). Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of follow-up SCCA for recurrence in Cohort 1 were 38.5%, 97.1%, 80%, and 84.2%, and for patients in Cohort 2 were 54.5%, 95%, 78.3%, and 86.5%, respectively. Four of 86 patients in Cohort 3 had an elevated follow-up SCCA, two of these at the time of recurrence. Elevated pre-treatment SCCA and follow-up SCCA were associated with isolated pelvic recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance serum SCCA has high specificity and NPV for recurrence, and may be of limited utility in patients with normal pre-treatment SCCA.

12.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 12(4)2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38675811

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Despite widespread prophylactic vaccination, cervical cancer continues to be a major health problem with considerable mortality. Currently, therapeutic vaccines for HPV-associated cervical malignancies are being evaluated as a potential complement to the standard treatment. OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review was conducted on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the effects of therapeutic vaccines on the treatment of patients with cervical cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of Grades 2 and 3. EVIDENCE REVIEW: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched. Only articles in English published up until 31 January 2024 were selected. Also, reference lists of the selected original papers and recent review articles were manually searched for additional sources. Data on study characteristics were extracted from the selected articles. Data on outcomes of interest were synthesized, and vaccine efficacy endpoints (histological lesion regression, clinical response, and overall survival) were selected as the basis for grouping the studies. FINDINGS: After screening 831 articles, nine RCTs with 800 participants were included, of which seven studies with 677 participants involved CIN2 and CIN3 and examined lesion regression to ≤CIN1 as the efficacy endpoint. Results of two of these studies were deemed to have a high risk of bias, and another one did not contain statistical analyses. Results of the other four studies were quantitively synthesized, and the pooling of p-values revealed a significant difference between the vaccine and placebo groups in terms of lesion regression (p-values of 0.135, 0.049, and 0.034 in RCTs, yielding a combined p-value of 0.010). The certainty of the evidence was rated as moderate. Patients with advanced cervical cancers were studied in two RCTs with 123 participants. Clinical response and overall survival were taken as endpoints, and the results were reported as not significant. The certainty of the evidence of these results was rated as very low, mainly due to the very small number of events. All studies reported good tolerance for the vaccines. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The results indicate the potential for therapeutic vaccines in the regression of CIN2 and CIN3 lesions. Moreover, a potential gap in evidence is identified regarding the very low number of RCTs in patients with advanced cervical cancer.

13.
Eur Radiol Exp ; 8(1): 46, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monitoring pyruvate metabolism in the spleen is important for assessing immune activity and achieving successful radiotherapy for cervical cancer due to the significance of the abscopal effect. We aimed to explore the feasibility of utilizing hyperpolarized (HP) [1-13C]-pyruvate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to evaluate pyruvate metabolism in the human spleen, with the aim of identifying potential candidates for radiotherapy in cervical cancer. METHODS: This prospective study recruited six female patients with cervical cancer (median age 55 years; range 39-60) evaluated using HP [1-13C]-pyruvate MRI/MRS at baseline and 2 weeks after radiotherapy. Proton (1H) diffusion-weighted MRI was performed in parallel to estimate splenic cellularity. The primary outcome was defined as tumor response to radiotherapy. The Student t-test was used for comparing 13C data between the groups. RESULTS: The splenic HP [1-13C]-lactate-to-total carbon (tC) ratio was 5.6-fold lower in the responders than in the non-responders at baseline (p = 0.009). The splenic [1-13C]-lactate-to-tC ratio revealed a 1.7-fold increase (p = 0.415) and the splenic [1-13C]-alanine-to-tC ratio revealed a 1.8-fold increase after radiotherapy (p = 0.482). The blood leukocyte differential count revealed an increased proportion of neutrophils two weeks following treatment, indicating enhanced immune activity (p = 0.013). The splenic apparent diffusion coefficient values between the groups were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: This exploratory study revealed the feasibility of HP [1-13C]-pyruvate MRS of the spleen for evaluating baseline immune potential, which was associated with clinical outcomes of cervical cancer after radiotherapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04951921 , registered 7 July 2021. RELEVANCE STATEMENT: This prospective study revealed the feasibility of using HP 13C MRI/MRS for assessing pyruvate metabolism of the spleen to evaluate the patients' immune potential that is associated with radiotherapeutic clinical outcomes in cervical cancer. KEY POINTS: • Effective radiotherapy induces abscopal effect via altering immune metabolism. • Hyperpolarized 13C MRS evaluates patients' immune potential non-invasively. • Pyruvate-to-lactate conversion in the spleen is elevated following radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Ácido Pirúvico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Pirúvico/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13/métodos , Lactatos
14.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 297: 78-85, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The impact of cervical cancer treatment on the quality of life of long-term survivors compared with the general female population is controversial, and no studies have been conducted comparing patients with benign gynecological diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life of cervical cancer survivors with that of healthy controls. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted to compare the quality of life of 106 cervical cancer survivors from a tertiary hospital and 185 women admitted to a gynecological outpatient clinic from the same health area for a healthy woman check-up (n 46) or for a benign gynecological disorder (symptomatic, n 113; asymptomatic, n 26). To measure quality of life, self-administered questionnaires, such as the Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-cervix and World Health Organization quality of life-brief version, were employed. Baseline scores were collected when patients first reported, and further evaluations were completed at 0-6, 7-12, 13-24, 25-60, and more than 60 months. For the contrastive analysis hypothesis, we employed R statistical software. RESULTS: Except for the environment domain at 0-6, 7-12, and 13-24 months (51.52 vs. 60.73, p < 0.0001; 52 vs. 60.73, p < 0.0001; 49.81 vs. 60.73, p < 0.0001, respectively), we found no statistically significant differences in the quality of life between cervical cancer survivors and controls. We did find differences in the physical health domain scores at 0-6 months (60.22 vs. 72.42, p = 0.039) and the social relationships domain scores at 13-24 months (54 vs. 71.42, p = 0.017) between cases and asymptomatic controls. CONCLUSION: Except for physical well-being, environment and social relationships, which were substantially better for controls, especially in the asymptomatic, long-term cervical cancer survivorsquality of life did not vary from that of controls.

15.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; 24(5): 263-282, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549400

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite the evidence that photodynamic therapy (PDT) associated with chemotherapy presents great potential to overcome the limitations of monotherapy, little is known about the current status of this combination against cervical cancer. This systematic review aimed to address the currently available advances in combining PDT and chemotherapy in different research models and clinical trials of cervical cancer. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on PRISMA Statement and Open Science Framework review protocol using PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, LILACS, and Cochrane databases. We selected original articles focusing on 'Uterine Cervical Neoplasms' and 'Photochemotherapy and Chemotherapy' published in the last 10 years. The risk of bias in the studies was assessed using the CONSORT and SYRCLE tools. RESULTS: Twenty-three original articles were included, focusing on HeLa cells, derived from endocervical adenocarcinoma and on combinations of several chemotherapeutics. Most of the combinations used modern drug delivery systems for improved simultaneous delivery and presented promising results with increased cytotoxicity compared to monotherapy. CONCLUSION: Despite the scarcity of animal studies and the absence of clinical studies, the combination of chemotherapy with PDT presents a potential option for cervical cancer therapy requiring additional studies. OSF REGISTRATION: https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/WPHN5 [Figure: see text].


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Fotoquimioterapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Feminino , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Terapia Combinada , Células HeLa , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia
16.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 296: 208-214, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461785

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The estimated worldwide incidence of cervical cancer (CC) is half a million cases per year. Surgical treatment is the mainstay approach for this condition. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of hysterectomy due to cervical cancer in urinary symptoms and sexual function and the disorder related impact on the quality of patients life. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study was performed in Fortaleza/CE (Brazil) with 71 patients; of these, 31 were diagnosed with cervical cancer (G-CCU) and 40 with gynecological benign disease (G-PB). Sexual function (FSFI questionnaire), quality of life (SF-36 questionnaire) and urinary symptoms (KHQ instrument) were investigated in both groups at baseline (T0), one month (T1) and four months after surgery (T2). RESULTS: Both groups presented at baseline, similar urinary symptoms (p > 0.05), but this frequency doubled for the G-CCU group at T1 and remained unchanged at T2 (p = 0.012). G-PB's frequency of symptoms remained the same for 4 months after surgery. At baseline G-PB had higher risk for sexual dysfunction than G-CCU (82.5 % versus 54.8 %, p = 0.011). However for G-CCU, an increase of this percentage was perceived at T2.Women from the G-CCU group presented worse general and specific quality of life results. CONCLUSION: Women underwent to hysterectomy due to cervical cancer presented higher percentages of urinary symptoms, higher risk for sexual dysfunction and worse general and specific quality of life scores.


Assuntos
Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Histerectomia/métodos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 296: 307-310, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513505

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the follow-up smears and their outcomes of patients with conservatively managed early-stage cervical cancer as per UK guidelines within our service. To evaluate whether intensive follow-up can detect pre-cancer early compared to the standard 3 yearly follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: All patients treated for early stage (stage 1A1 and 1A2) with cervical cancer from 01/2002 to 01/2020 at University Hospitals of Derby and Burton were included. Patients who had initial hysterectomy were excluded from our analysis. Review conducted using electronic patient records for treatment, histology, and follow-up smears. Number of abnormal follow-up smears and number of recurrent cervical cancers were considered the main outcome measures. RESULTS: 98 cases were identified. 81 (82.65 %) were stage 1A1 and 17 (17.35 %) were stage 1A2. 74 (75.51 %) patients had squamous histology and 24 (24.49 %) had adenocarcinomas. Median follow-up was 11.08 years (4043 days). 510 follow-up smears were performed, of which 33 (6.47 %) were abnormal. 5 of these abnormal smears showed low grade dyskaryosis (0.98 %) and 2 smears showed high grade dyskaryosis (0.39 %). The positive predictive value of follow-up smears to detect pre-cancerous changes was 5.71 %. There were no recurrent cancers detected. CONCLUSIONS: Microinvasive cervical cancer is effectively managed with conservative surgery. There were no recurrent cancers detected in our cohort during follow-up and there were only 2 high grade dyskaryoses detected (n = 2/510, 0.39 %). We therefore believe that reducing the intensity of follow up of these patients should be considered.


Assuntos
Displasia do Colo do Útero , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Seguimentos , Citologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 39: 100800, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the real-world treatment patterns and outcomes of patients with high-risk locally advanced cervical cancer (HR-LACC). METHODS: This retrospective study identified and randomly selected adults diagnosed between 2010 and 2018 from the ConcertAI Oncology Dataset. For patients initially treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), we estimated real-world progression-free survival (rwPFS) among those with persistent disease, real-world time on CCRT, and recurrence-free survival (rwRFS) using Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: The cohort included 300 patients. Median age at diagnosis was 51 years. 53.7 % were White and 30.0 % were Black; 52.0 % were premenopausal; 89.3 % had squamous cell histology; 75.3 % had stage III disease, and 92.7 % had no evidence of performance status impairment. Initial treatment included CCRT (N = 229), surgery (N = 28), antineoplastics only (N = 11), and radiation only (N = 5). Twenty-seven patients were untreated. Baseline characteristics for the CCRT-first patients were similar to the overall cohort; their median real-world time on treatment was 1.6 months; 78.2 % received cisplatin for a median of 1.2 months; 28.4 % received antineoplastics after CCRT, and 11.8 % initiated a second antineoplastic therapy. Of the CCRT-first patients, 27/143 with a complete response had subsequent recurrent disease (median rwRFS not reached). 179 patients had persistent disease, among whom median (95 % confidence interval [CI]) rwPFS was 29.7 (16.9-59.3) months. CONCLUSION: In this study of United States-based clinical practices, most HR-LACC patients received CCRT as initial treatment. Many patients developed persistent disease after CCRT indicating a need for improved first treatment and maintenance options.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the pelvic lymph node involvement and risk of recurrence in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated endocervical adenocarcinoma stage IA2-IB1 undergoing hysterectomy and/or trachelectomy plus lymphadenectomy, according to Silva's classification system. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in two Colombian cancer centers. The cases were classified according to the Silva classification system. Clinical, surgical, and histopathological variables were evaluated. Recurrence risk was analyzed by patterns A, B, or C. A logistic regression model was performed for tumor recurrence. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate overall survival and disease-free survival (DFS). A weighted kappa was performed to determine the degree of concordance between pathologists. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were identified, 33% pattern A, 29% pattern B, and 38% pattern C. The median follow-up time was 42.5 months. No evidence of lymph node involvement was found in patients classified as A and B, while in the C pattern was observed in 15.8% (n = 6) of cases (P < 0.01). There were 7% of cases with recurrent disease, of which 71.5% corresponded to type C pattern. Patients with Silva pattern B and C had 1.22- and 4.46-fold increased risk of relapse, respectively, compared with pattern A. The 5-year DFS values by group were 100%, 96.1%, and 80.3% for patterns A, B, and C, respectively. CONCLUSION: For patients with early-stage HPV-associated endocervical adenocarcinoma, the type C pattern presented more lymph node involvement and risk of recurrence compared to the A and B patterns. The concordance in diagnosis of different Silva's patterns by independents pathologists were good.

20.
J Gynecol Oncol ; 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several risk factors have been identified that compromise the treatment outcome in patients with early-to-mid-stage cervical cancer (CC) who are primarily treated with radical surgery. However, there is no report on the impact of intraoperative frozen pathology examination of vaginal margins on the prognosis of patients with CC. This study aimed to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to determine whether selective vaginal resection can reduce the incidence of operative complications and the risk of postoperative radiotherapy. The impact of the length of the vagina removed in radical hysterectomy (RH) on prognosis and quality of life (QoL) for IB2-IIA2 CC patients will be investigated. METHODS: A multicenter, non-inferiority, RCT at 7 institutions in China is designed to investigate the effect of intraoperative frozen pathology exam of vaginal margin in RH on the survival outcomes for patients with IB2-IIA2 CC. Eligible patients aged 18-70 years will be randomly assigned online by one-to-one random allocation to receive intraoperative frozen pathology exam of vaginal margin or not. If frozen pathology indicates positive margin, continue resection of 1 centimeter of vaginal tissue until negative margin is achieved. The primary end point is 2-year disease-free survival (DFS). Adverse events (AEs) caused by further vagina resection, 5-year DFS, 2-year overall survival (OS), 5-year OS and AEs caused by radiotherapy and QoL are secondary end points. A total of 310 patients will be enrolled from 7 tertiary hospitals in China within 3-year period and followed up for 5 years. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry Identifier: ChiCTR2000035668.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...