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1.
Magy Seb ; 77(1): 8-14, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564274

RESUMO

Achalasia cardiae miatt az elso oesophago-cardia myotomiát több mint száz évvel ezelott Ernst Heller német sebész végezte. Az achalasiás betegek a mai napig ettol a beavatkozástól várják panaszaik megszunését. Az achalasia napjainkban is chronikus, progresszív betegség, aminek oki kezelését nem ismerjük, a gyógyítására, a panaszok enyhítésére gyógyszeres (calcium csatorna blokkolók stb.), endoscopos (botulinum toxin inj., ballonos tágítás, per oralis endoscopos myotomiát [POEM]) és sebészi (laparoscopos, thoracoscopos myotomia) kezeléseket váltakozó sikerrel alkalmazunk.A betegség progresszivitása miatt a betegek 5%-ánál a nyelésképtelenségig fokozódó dysphagia, megaoesophagus alakul ki, megoldására mutéti beavatkozás válik szükségessé. A muködésképtelen nyelocso eltávolítása és pótlása kiterjedt, nem elhanyagolható morbiditással és mortalitással járó beavatkozás. Közleményünkben egy 45 éves nobeteg kórtörténetét, az általunk alkalmazott mutéti beavatkozást ismertetjük. A beteg a mutét óta panaszmentes.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas , Transtornos de Deglutição , Acalasia Esofágica , Humanos , Acalasia Esofágica/complicações , Cálcio da Dieta , Doces
2.
Magy Seb ; 77(1): 23-27, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564281

RESUMO

Az igen ritka felnottkori nem hiatális, azaz nem paraoesophagealis típusú transdiaphragmaticus sérveket - a veleszületett rekeszizom defektusok mintájára - általánosan Bochdalek, ill. Larey-Morgagni-sérveknek nevezik. Etiológia tekintetében a nem diagnosztizált és kezelt veleszületett eredet, a traumás kontúziós-szakadásos, az iatrogen, ill. a recidív típus említendo meg.Esetismertetésünkben egy felnottkori recidív, kizáródott Bochdalek-sérv sikeres mutéti ellátását ismertetjük. A 23 éves férfi beteg kórelozményében 11 éves korában bal oldali Bochdalek-sérv miatt végzett thoracoscopos rekeszizom sutura szerepel. Epigastrialis fájdalmak, hányinger, hányás, akut hasi megbetegedés klinikai tünetei miatt jelentkezett Intézetünkben. Az elvégzett sürgos mellkasi és hasi CT-vizsgálat a bal mellüregben elhelyezkedo, kizáródott, vékonybélkacsokat tartalmazó Bochdalek-sérvet igazolt. Sürgos laparotomia során az életképesnek bizonyult sérvtartalmat (a vékonybéltraktus 2/3 része, a colon flexura lienalisa és a pancreas farok) a hasüregbe reponáltuk, a sérvkaput direkt suturával zártuk, és szövetszeparáló sebészi hálóval fedtük, valamint a mellüreget draináltuk. A postoperatív szak eseménytelenül zajlott. Kontroll-CT-vizsgálat a reconstruált rekeszizom és pleuro-peritonealis rétegek folytonosságát mutatta. A 10. posztoperatív napon panaszmentesen bocsátottuk otthonába.Megbeszélés: Mint minden kizáródott sérv esetében, a diagnózis mihamarabbi felállítása és az idoben elvégzett mutét kulcsfontosságú. A mellkasi drenázs szükségességét minden esetnél körültekintoen mérlegelni kell. A mutét után a mell- és hasüregben kialakult új anatómiai viszonyok miatt cardialis és respiratoricus szövodmények alakulhatnak ki. Álláspontunk szerint a betegség ritkasága miatt centrumban kezelendo. Ezen ritka állapot sikeres gyógyítása többszakmás együttmuködésen alapul, melynek meghatározó eleme a helyesen megválasztott rekeszi felszínt helyreállító mutéti technika alkalmazása.


Assuntos
Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas , Mentha , Adulto , Humanos , Doces , Pâncreas , Pleura
3.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of ultra-processed food (UPF) intake with the incidence of glaucoma in a large sample of Spanish university graduates followed prospectively. METHODS: Prospective cohort study using data from the SUN Project. A final sample of 19,225 participants (60.1% women) was included in this study, with a mean age of 38.2 years (standard deviation (SD) = 12.4). Participants were followed-up for a mean time of 12.9 years (SD = 5.4). Dietary intake was measured using a 136-item semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire. UPFs were defined based on the NOVA classification system. Glaucoma diagnosis was determined by asking the participants if they had ever been diagnosed with glaucoma by an ophthalmologist. This self-reported diagnosis of glaucoma has been previously validated. RESULTS: After adjusting for several covariates, participants with the highest UPF consumption were at higher risk of glaucoma (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06 to 3.17) when compared to participants in the lowest category of UPF consumption. Regarding subgroup analyses, a significant multiplicative interaction was found for age (p = 0.004) and omega 3:6 ratio (p = 0.040). However, an association between UPF consumption and glaucoma was only found in older participants (aged ≥ 55 years), in men, in the most physically active group, in the group of non- or former smokers, in those with a lower omega 3:6 ratio, and in those with a lower energy intake. Regarding the contribution of each type of UPF group, UPF coming from sweets showed a significant risky effect (HR = 1.51; CI 95% 1.07 to 2.12). CONCLUSIONS: This prospective cohort study shows that participants with a greater UPF consumption have a higher risk of developing glaucoma when compared to participants with a lower consumption. Our findings emphasize the relevance of monitoring and limiting the consumption of UPFs as a means of preventing glaucoma incidence.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Glaucoma , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Adulto , Alimento Processado , Estudos Prospectivos , Doces , Ingestão de Energia , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/etiologia
4.
PeerJ ; 12: e17001, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436028

RESUMO

The risk of pathogenic bacterial invasion in plantations has increased dramatically due to high environmental climate change and has seriously affected sweet orange fruit quality. MADS genes allow plants to develop increased resistance, but functional genes for resistance associated with pathogen invasion have rarely been reported. MADS gene expression profiles were analyzed in sweet orange leaves and fruits infested with Lecanicillium psalliotae and Penicillium digitatum, respectively. Eighty-two MADS genes were identified from the sweet orange genome, and they were classified into five prime subfamilies concerning the Arabidopsis MADS gene family, of which the MIKC subfamily could be subdivided into 13 minor subfamilies. Protein structure analysis showed that more than 93% of the MADS protein sequences of the same subfamily between sweet orange and Arabidopsis were very similar in tertiary structure, with only CsMADS8 and AG showing significant differences. The variability of MADS genes protein structures between sweet orange and Arabidopsis subgroups was less than the variabilities of protein structures within species. Chromosomal localization and covariance analysis showed that these genes were unevenly distributed on nine chromosomes, with the most genes on chromosome 9 and the least on chromosome 2, with 36 and two, respectively. Four pairs of tandem and 28 fragmented duplicated genes in the 82 MADS gene sequences were found in sweet oranges. GO (Gene Ontology) functional enrichment and expression pattern analysis showed that the functional gene CsMADS46 was strongly downregulated of sweet orange in response to biotic stress adversity. It is also the first report that plants' MADS genes are involved in the biotic stress responses of sweet oranges. For the first time, L. psalliotae was experimentally confirmed to be the causal agent of sweet orange leaf spot disease, which provides a reference for the research and control of pathogenic L. psalliotae.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Citrus sinensis , Humanos , Citrus sinensis/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Bactérias , Doces
5.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 25(2): 145-160, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430364

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A systematic review of published data was carried out to assess the caries-preventive effects of xylitol chewing gums and candies in children. METHODS: Electronic and hand searches were performed to find clinical studies on the effects of xylitol chewing gums and candies on dental caries in children (≤ 18 years). Prospective randomised or controlled clinical trials published before 2023 were included in the review. RESULTS: The initial search identified 365 titles to be evaluated. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 articles with either fair or low quality were reviewed. Nine articles studied chewing gums, five candies, and one both of them. In the ten evaluated xylitol chewing gum studies xylitol consumption significantly reduced caries occurrence when compared with no treatment or a placebo polyol gum. The effect was clinically significant in studies with high or moderate caries level at study baseline. The results also suggested that the caries-reducing effect of xylitol gums may differ from sorbitol/polyol gums. In five of the six heterogenous xylitol candy studies, no caries-reducing effect was found independent of caries level. In addition to caries level, also the daily xylitol dose was a confounding factor. CONCLUSION: The present findings suggest that the caries-reducing effect of adding xylitol chewing gum to the daily diet has been well demonstrated in children and adolescents with high or moderate caries level at study baseline. Xylitol gum use could benefit subjects with active incipient caries lesions on smooth tooth surfaces.


Assuntos
Doces , Cariostáticos , Goma de Mascar , Cárie Dentária , Edulcorantes , Xilitol , Xilitol/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Criança , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Adolescente
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 104(9): 5031-5041, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is banned in some countries but its use is still permitted in others. The global food supply chain is therefore challenged with the need to use rapid and reliable testing methods to either detect the presence of TiO2 or to quantify its concentration. The goal of this study was to determine the feasibility of using color, texture profile analysis, Raman microscopy, and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy to detect and quantify TiO2 in fillings used in the pastry and confectionery industry. In this study, two types of fillings were investigated: vanilla based and chocolate based. All fillings were prepared in four different variations - without TiO2 and with three concentrations as follows: 0.25 g*kg-1, 0.5 g*kg-1, or 0.75 g*kg-1 TiO2 per sample. The methods were selected for their ability to analyze the samples in a short period of time. RESULTS: All of the methods showed moderate to high potential for detecting TiO2 in the samples. The results reveal how TiO2 affects the food matrix color and texture. Use of Raman microscopy confirms its detectability, although concentrations of TiO2 do not follow a pattern. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy showed the greatest potential as it can not only detect TiO2 but can also quantify its concentration in the samples. CONCLUSIONS: The highest potential for quantifying the concentration of this food additive was achieved with XRF. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Espectrometria por Raios X , Titânio , Titânio/química , Espectrometria por Raios X/métodos , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Chocolate/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Doces/análise , Cor
9.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0296254, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386677

RESUMO

DNA methylation plays a key role in the development and plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. This work aimed to evaluate the DNA methylation in contrasting cassava genotypes for water deficit tolerance. The varieties BRS Formosa (bitter) and BRS Dourada (sweet) were grown under greenhouse conditions for 50 days, and afterwards, irrigation was suspended. The stressed (water deficit) and non-stressed plants (negative control) consisted the treatments with five plants per variety. The DNA samples of each variety and treatment provided 12 MethylRAD-Seq libraries (two cassava varieties, two treatments, and three replicates). The sequenced data revealed methylated sites covering 18 to 21% of the Manihot esculenta Crantz genome, depending on the variety and the treatment. The CCGG methylated sites mapped mostly in intergenic regions, exons, and introns, while the CCNGG sites mapped mostly intergenic, upstream, introns, and exons regions. In both cases, methylated sites in UTRs were less detected. The differentially methylated sites analysis indicated distinct methylation profiles since only 12% of the sites (CCGG and CCNGG) were methylated in both varieties. Enriched gene ontology terms highlighted the immediate response of the bitter variety to stress, while the sweet variety appears to suffer more potential stress-damages. The predicted protein-protein interaction networks reinforced such profiles. Additionally, the genomes of the BRS varieties uncovered SNPs/INDELs events covering genes stood out by the interactomes. Our data can be useful in deciphering the roles of DNA methylation in cassava drought-tolerance responses and adaptation to abiotic stresses.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Manihot , Manihot/genética , Verduras , Ansiedade , Doces
10.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 43(5): 425, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241657

Assuntos
Doces , Humanos , Genótipo
11.
Molecules ; 29(2)2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38257355

RESUMO

Vanillin, one of the most widely used and appreciated flavoring agents worldwide, is the main constituent of vanilla bean extract, obtained from the seed pods of various members belonging to the Orchidaceae family. Due to the great demand in the food confectionery industry, as well as in the perfume industry, medicine, and more, the majority of vanillin used today is produced synthetically, and only less than one percent of the world's vanilla flavoring market comes directly from the traditional natural sources. The increasing global demand for vanillin requires alternative and overall sustainable new production methods, and the recovery from biobased polymers, like lignin, is an environmentally friendly alternative to chemical synthesis. The present review provides firstly an overview of the different types of vanillin, followed by a description of the main differences between natural and synthetic vanillin, their preparation, the market of interest, and the authentication issues and the related analytical techniques. Then, the review explores the real potentialities of lignin for vanillin production, presenting firstly the well-assessed classical methods and moving towards the most recent promising approaches through chemical, biotechnological and photocatalytic methodologies, together with the challenges and the principal issues associated with each technique.


Assuntos
Benzaldeídos , Lignina , Biotecnologia , Doces
12.
Rhinology ; 62(1): 46-54, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37847818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even if olfactory training (OT) is a well-established treatment for individuals with olfactory dysfunction, the effect on individuals with normosmia remains uncertain. In this randomised controlled trial, we explore how OT with different exposure lengths affect olfactory function in individuals with normosmia. METHODOLOGY: Two hundred normosmic individuals were randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups performing OT with different exposure lengths or to a control group. The OT groups did OT twice daily for three months, g four different odours (eucalyptus, lavender, mint, and lemon) for 10 seconds per bottle during either a total of 40 seconds (standard OT) or 4 minutes (extended OT), while the control group did not perform any OT. Olfactory function was assessed using a 48-item Sniffin Sticks test at baseline, after the intervention, and after one year. RESULTS: We found no significant effect of OT in either of the intervention groups on any aspect of olfaction after intervention or at follow-up. There was no association between sex, age, allergic rhinitis, education or olfactory scores at baseline, and changes in olfactory function after OT. The extended OT group performed significantly fewer training sessions compared to those in the standard OT group. CONCLUSIONS: OT had a limited effect on olfactory function in individuals with normosmia. Further, the superiority of a more extended OT is not supported by this study, and shorter training sessions seem to improve compliance with OT.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Olfato , Humanos , Transtornos do Olfato/terapia , Treinamento Olfativo , Olfato , Odorantes , Doces
13.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 740-794, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424949

RESUMO

A imaturidade do sistema imunológico, associado a Determinantes Sociais de Saúde (DSS), promove doenças na infância. Especificamente, na cavidade oral, os DSS, representados pelo consumo elevado de açúcar, limitado acesso aos serviços de saúde e deficiência na higiene bucal, favorecem transtornos locais e sistêmicos. Assim, o estudo objetivou associar os DSS, no contexto das condições socioeconômicas, do acompanhamento pelo serviço de saúde e dos aspectos relacionados à saúde bucal de crianças atendidas em Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS) de um município cearense. Trata-se de estudo observacional, analítico, transversal e de abordagem quantitativa, conduzido com crianças e suas mães em Acarape - CE. Após consentimento, essas preencheram um questionário. Os dados foram analisados. Das 70 mães, 87,14% e 90,00% tinham idade inferior ou igual a 30 anos e renda de até um salário mínimo, respectivamente. Das 70 crianças, 87,14% tinham seus dentes/gengiva higienizados por seus pais ou responsável. Do total, 94,29% nunca se submeteram a atendimento odontológico. Observou-se associação significativa entre a mãe ter escolaridade superior ao ensino fundamental incompleto e higienizar os dentes/gengiva do filho com escova dental e dentifrício. Constatou-se associação significativa entre a criança ingerir bolacha doce/recheada, não consumir refrigerante e usar escova dental e dentifrício na higienização oral. Conclui-se que as crianças eram acompanhadas nas UBS regularmente; no entanto, esse serviço não esteve relacionado ao atendimento odontológico. Apesar da ausência desse tipo de acompanhamento e do consumo de alimentos cariogênicos, as mães se preocupavam com a saúde bucal das crianças, higienizando a cavidade oral diariamente, com meios adequados.


The immaturity of the immune system, associated with Social Determi- nants of Health (SDH), promotes diseases in childhood. Specifically, in the oral cavity, SDH, represented by high sugar consumption, limited access to health services, and poor oral hygiene, favors local and systemic disorders. Thus, the study aimed to associate the SDH, in the context of socioeconomic conditions, monitoring by the health service and aspects related to children's oral health assisted in Basic Health Units (BHU) of a muni- cipality in Ceará. This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study with a quan- titative approach conducted with children and their mothers in Acarape - CE. After con- sent, they filled out a questionnaire. Data were analyzed. Of the 70 mothers, 87.14% and 90.00% were aged less than or equal to 30 years and had income up to one minimum wage, respectively. Of the 70 children, 87.14% had their teeth/gums cleaned by their pa- rents or guardian. Of the total, 94.29% never underwent dental care. There was a signifi- cant association between the mother having higher education than incomplete elementary school and cleaning the child's teeth/gums with a toothbrush and toothpaste. A significant association was found between the child eating sweet/stuffed biscuits, not consuming soft drink, and using a toothbrush and dentifrice for oral hygiene. It is concluded that the chil- dren were regularly monitored at the BHU; however, this service was not related to dental care. Despite the absence of this type of follow-up and the consumption of cariogenic foods, the mothers were concerned about their children's oral health, cleaning the oral cavity daily with adequate means.


La inmadurez del sistema inmunológico, asociada a los Determinantes So- ciales de la Salud (DSS), promueve enfermedades en la infancia. Específicamente, en la cavidad bucal, los DSS, representados por el alto consumo de azúcar, el acceso limitado a los servicios de salud y la mala higiene bucal, favorecen los trastornos locales y sisté- micos. Así, el estudio tuvo como objetivo asociar el DSS, en el contexto de las condicio- nes socioeconómicas, el seguimiento por el servicio de salud y los aspectos relacionados con la salud bucal de los niños atendidos en las Unidades Básicas de Salud (UBS) de un municipio de Ceará. Se trata de un estudio observacional, analítico, transversal con enfo- que cuantitativo, realizado con niños y sus madres en Acarape ­ CE. Después del consen- timiento, completaron un cuestionario. Los datos fueron analizados. De las 70 madres, 87,14% y 90,00% tenían edad menor o igual a 30 años e ingresos hasta un salario mínimo, respectivamente. De los 70 niños, al 87,14% se les limpió los dientes/encías por sus pa- dres o tutores. Del total, el 94,29% nunca realizó atención odontológica. Hubo una aso- ciación significativa entre la madre con educación superior a la primaria incompleta y la limpieza de los dientes/encías del niño con cepillo y pasta dental. Se encontró una asoci- ación significativa entre el niño que come galletas dulces/rellenas, no consume gaseosas y usa cepillo de dientes y dentífrico para la higiene bucal. Se concluyó que los niños eran monitoreados periódicamente en la UBS; sin embargo, este servicio no estaba relacionado con el cuidado dental. A pesar de la ausencia de este tipo de seguimiento y del consumo de alimentos cariogénicos, las madres se preocupan por la salud bucal de sus hijos, reali- zando la limpieza de la cavidad bucal diariamente, con medios adecuados.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Higiene Bucal/instrumentação , Cariogênicos/análise , Cuidado da Criança/provisão & distribuição , Sistema Único de Saúde , Doces , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Assistência Odontológica/instrumentação , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Mães
14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 253(Pt 5): 127186, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37802441

RESUMO

Excellent 3D printing materials must exhibit good extrudability and supportability, but these two characteristics are often contradictory. In this study, peach gum polysaccharide (PGP) was added to gelatin to prepare a 3D-printed functional gummy candy encapsulating curcumin. Rheology tests indicated that adding PGP could effectively improve the apparent viscosity and thermal stability and consequently improve the 3D printability and supportability of the products. When PGP addition was 6 %, the printing accuracy was higher than 90 %. Texture and microstructure analysis further revealed that PGP addition promoting a dense gel structure formed and the water holding capacity and supportability of gel materials were enhanced. Furthermore, the in vitro gastrointestinal digestion tests showed that after 6 h of simulated gastrointestinal fluid digestion, the retention rate of curcumin was nearly 80 %. The above results indicated that the composite gel of PGP and gelatin is a good 3D printing base material for nutrient delivery.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Prunus persica , Gelatina/química , Polissacarídeos , Doces , Reologia , Impressão Tridimensional
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(37): 13869-13879, 2023 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37677081

RESUMO

To analyze the contribution of fruity esters on wine aroma perception, the interaction levels between 12 esters and key odorants of Hutai-8 rose wine were investigated using threshold, S-curve, and σ-τ plot methods, and the aroma enhancement performance of esters was verified by using addition experiments. Results indicated that esters enhance the sweet, floral, and fruity traits of citronellol, ß-damascenone, and nerolidol, especially at subthreshold levels. Meanwhile, esters increased the floral and fruity characteristics of key fermentative odorants mainly by additive effects, with acetate esters possessing a better synergy ability. In contrast, the synergy levels between binary esters were less influenced by the concentration but more by the compound structure and aroma. Additionally, moderately subjoining the type and content of esters in wine proved that their synergy effects improved the sweet trait and decreased the sour fruit trait. This finding characterized that the contribution of esters to the wine aroma was obtained by the combined synergy of odorants at a suitable concentration.


Assuntos
Odorantes , Vinho , Frutas , Doces , Ésteres
16.
Food Res Int ; 172: 113103, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37689871

RESUMO

Morchella sextelata is a precious and popular commercial edible fungus that was developed recently in China. This research aimed to characterize the volatile profiles of M. sextelata under three dehydration methods (freeze, hot air, and natural air drying). Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC-ToF-MS) was shown to the best choice to discriminate the volatile profiles of M. sextelata Characteristic flavor substances of M. sextelata were eight-carbon-containing (C8) compounds, hexanal, 2(5 h)-furanone, and benzaldehyde. Drying methods had significant influences on the volatile flavor profiles of M. sextelata, and 104 differential compounds were screened by multivariate statistical analysis. Freeze-dried samples had the most abundant volatile compounds and maintained more alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, and esters described as mushroom, sweet, and green flavor, like 1-octen-3-ol, 1-octen-3-one, nonanal, 2,3-butanedione, and so on. Hot air-drying promoted the production of heterocycles and ketones with roasted flavor due to the thermalreaction, such as 2-cyclohexen-1-one, furan, 3-phenyl-, etc. Natural air-drying resulted in acids releasing an unpleasant flavor, e.g., acetic acid, 2-methylbutanoic acid, etc. Overall, thermal reaction combined with vacuum conditions might be suitable for maintaining and enriching the aroma flavor of dried true morels.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Ascomicetos , Ácido Acético , Doces
17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1278: 341688, 2023 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37709441

RESUMO

In this work, a wearable and flexible three-electrode electrochemical sensing system (TESS) by using a two-in-one enzyme-mimic working electrode (TIOWE) is reported. The integrated three-electrode, including working electrodes, reference electrodes, and counter electrodes are formed by transfer printing of Ni2P-based composite electrode ink (Ni2P/G ink), Ag/AgCl ink, and carbon ink onto PDMS substrate, respectively. The Ni2P/G ink-based working electrodes have both good conductivity and enzyme-mimic catalytic activity towards glucose. Under optimized conditions, the TIOWE-TESS has a low detection limit of 0.37 µM and wide linear ranges of 0.001 mM-0.1 mM and 0.1 mM-1.4 mM. Furthermore, the TIOWE-TESS has good applicability in serum samples and reveals remarkable electrochemical performance at fluctuant working temperatures. The proposed TIOWE-TESS can be integrated on a waterproof bandage to fabricate a skin-friendly patch device for sweet glucose monitoring, which highlights its potential applications in flexible and wearable commercial devices for health-monitoring.


Assuntos
Automonitorização da Glicemia , Glicemia , Doces , Eletrodos , Glucose
18.
PLoS One ; 18(9): e0291522, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37699050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: E-cigarettes pose significant risks to youth, but smokers may benefit from switching to e-cigarettes by reducing their exposure to toxicants, which creates a challenge for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in regulating e-cigarettes to protect population health. This study aims to develop e-liquid product standards for nicotine form and concentration that reduce the appeal of e-cigarettes to young people while keeping e-cigarettes available as a safer alternative for smokers. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A single-visit, double-blinded, randomized crossover design will be used to examine the effects of e-liquids with varying fractions of free-base nicotine (5%, 25%, 45%, 65%, 85%) among a sample of 66 young adult EC users and 66 older adult smokers, across ecologically valid total nicotine concentrations (20 mg or 50 mg/mL). INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: A 2-puff session will be conducted to test each of the 10 e-liquids in randomly assigned sequences, followed by a 10-minute washout period and participant ratings on appeal and sensory attributes such as throat hit and harshness, as well as behavioral intentions for continued use. Generalized linear mixed models will be used to determine a free-base nicotine level that has limited or no appeal to young adult e-cigarette users while remaining acceptable to smokers. CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide the FDA with scientific evidence regarding the effect of product standards that mandate a minimum threshold for the fraction of free-base nicotine. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study is registered on clinicaltrials.gov under the identifier NCT05864586.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Nicotina , Idoso , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Doces , Estudos Cross-Over , Saúde Pública , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estados Unidos
19.
Nutrients ; 15(18)2023 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37764649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renowned since ancient times for its medical properties, liquorice is nowadays mainly used for flavoring candies or soft drinks. Continuous intake of large amounts of liquorice is a widely known cause of pseudo-hyperaldosteronism leading to hypertension and hypokalemia. These manifestations are usually mild, although in some cases may generate life-threatening complications, i.e., arrhythmias, muscle paralysis, rhabdomyolysis, and coma. In addition, liquorice has an important estrogenic-like activity. METHODS: We summarized the current knowledge about liquorice and reviewed 104 case reports in both the English and Italian languages from inception to June 2023 concerning complications due to an excess of liquorice intake. RESULTS: In contrast to most published data, female sex and old age do not appear to be risk factors. However, hypertension and electrolyte imbalance (mainly hypokalemia) are prevalent features. The detection of glycyrrhetinic acid in blood is very uncommon, and the diagnosis is essentially based on an accurate history taking. CONCLUSIONS: Although there is not a significant mortality rate, liquorice toxicity often requires hospitalization and therefore represents a significant health concern. Major pharmaceutical drug regulatory authorities should solicit public awareness about the potentially dangerous effects caused by excessive use of liquorice.


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza , Hipertensão , Hipopotassemia , Glycyrrhiza/efeitos adversos , Hipopotassemia/induzido quimicamente , Doces , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente
20.
Nutrients ; 15(18)2023 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37764841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Steatosis is now the most common liver disease in the world, present in approximately 25% of the global population. The aim of this study was to study the association between food intake and liver disease and evaluate the differences in blood parameters in age classes and steatosic condition. METHODS: The present study included 1483 participants assessed in the fourth recall of the MICOL study. Patients were subdivided by age (65 years) and administered a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) with 28 food groups. RESULTS: The prevalence of steatosis was 55.92% in the adult group and 55.88% in the elderly group. Overall, the results indicated many statistically significant blood parameters and dietary habits. Analysis of food choices with a machine learning algorithm revealed that in the adult group, olive oil, grains, processed meat, and sweets were associated with steatosis, while the elderly group preferred red meat, dairy, seafood, and fruiting vegetables. Furthermore, the latter ate less as compared with the adult group. CONCLUSIONS: Many differences were found between the two age groups, both in blood parameters and food intake. The random forest also revealed different foods predicted steatosis in the two groups. Future analysis will be useful to understand the molecular basis of these differences and how different food intake causes steatosis in people of different ages.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Algoritmos , Doces , Frutas , Comportamento Alimentar
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