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1.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 159-167, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231899

RESUMO

Objective: To determine, through a systematic review, the effects of halo gravity traction in spinal deformity. Methods: Prospective studies or case series of patients with scoliosis or kyphosis treated with cranial halo gravity traction (HGT) were included. Radiological outcomes were measured in the sagittal and/or coronal planes. Pulmonary function was also assessed. Perioperative complications were also collected. Results: Thirteen studies were included. Congenital etiology was the most frequent etiology observed. Most studies provided clinically relevant curve correction values in the sagittal and coronal planes. Pulmonary values improved significantly after the use of HGT. Finally, there were a pool of 83 complications in 356 patients (23.3%). The most frequent complications were screw infection (38 cases). Conclusions: Preoperative HGT appears to be a safe and effective intervention for deformity that allows correction prior to surgery. However, there is a lack of homogeneity in the published studies.(AU)


Objetivo: Determinar, mediante una revisión sistemática, los efectos de la tracción de halo-gravedad (HGT) en las deformidades de columna. Métodos: Se incluyeron estudios prospectivos o series de casos de pacientes con escoliosis o cifosis tratados con HGT. Los resultados radiológicos se midieron en los planos sagital y/o coronal. También se evaluó la función pulmonar. Finalmente, se recogieron las complicaciones perioperatorias. Resultados: Se incluyeron 13 estudios. La etiología congénita fue la más frecuente. La mayoría de los estudios proporcionaron valores de corrección de la curva clínicamente relevantes en los planos sagital y coronal. Los valores pulmonares mejoraron significativamente tras el uso de HGT. Por último, existieron 83 complicaciones en 356 pacientes, siendo la infección la más frecuente (38 casos). Conclusiones: La HGT mostró ser una intervención segura y eficaz para la deformidad, que permite la corrección antes de la cirugía. Sin embargo, existe una falta de homogeneidad en los estudios publicados.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral , Escoliose , Cifose
2.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T159-T167, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231900

RESUMO

Objective: To determine, through a systematic review, the effects of halo gravity traction in spinal deformity. Methods: Prospective studies or case series of patients with scoliosis or kyphosis treated with cranial halo gravity traction (HGT) were included. Radiological outcomes were measured in the sagittal and/or coronal planes. Pulmonary function was also assessed. Perioperative complications were also collected. Results: Thirteen studies were included. Congenital etiology was the most frequent etiology observed. Most studies provided clinically relevant curve correction values in the sagittal and coronal planes. Pulmonary values improved significantly after the use of HGT. Finally, there were a pool of 83 complications in 356 patients (23.3%). The most frequent complications were screw infection (38 cases). Conclusions: Preoperative HGT appears to be a safe and effective intervention for deformity that allows correction prior to surgery. However, there is a lack of homogeneity in the published studies.(AU)


Objetivo: Determinar, mediante una revisión sistemática, los efectos de la tracción de halo-gravedad (HGT) en las deformidades de columna. Métodos: Se incluyeron estudios prospectivos o series de casos de pacientes con escoliosis o cifosis tratados con HGT. Los resultados radiológicos se midieron en los planos sagital y/o coronal. También se evaluó la función pulmonar. Finalmente, se recogieron las complicaciones perioperatorias. Resultados: Se incluyeron 13 estudios. La etiología congénita fue la más frecuente. La mayoría de los estudios proporcionaron valores de corrección de la curva clínicamente relevantes en los planos sagital y coronal. Los valores pulmonares mejoraron significativamente tras el uso de HGT. Por último, existieron 83 complicaciones en 356 pacientes, siendo la infección la más frecuente (38 casos). Conclusiones: La HGT mostró ser una intervención segura y eficaz para la deformidad, que permite la corrección antes de la cirugía. Sin embargo, existe una falta de homogeneidad en los estudios publicados.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral , Escoliose , Cifose
3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 294, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627655

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical safety, accuracy, and efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) surgery using an enhanced method of unilateral puncture on the convex side for the treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (P-OVCF) with scoliosis. METHODS: Clinical and radiographic data of P-OVCF patients with scoliosis who underwent PKP via unilateral puncture on the convex side from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. This technique's detailed surgical steps and tips were described. The local kyphosis angle (LKA), scoliosis Cobb angle (SCA), and local scoliosis Cobb angle (LSCA) were measured using X-ray and compared at pre-operation, post-operation, and the last follow-up. The width of pedicle (POW), inner inclination angle (IIA), lateral distance (LD), and puncture course length (PCL) were measured on the axial computed tomography image and compared between two sides. Postoperative computed tomography was employed to evaluate the condition of cement distribution and puncture. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for back pain (BP). RESULTS: Thirty-six patients, 23 women and 13 men, with an average age of 76.31 ± 6.28 years were monitored for 17.69 ± 4.70 months. The median surgical duration of single vertebrae was 35 min. The volume of bone cement for single vertebrae was 3.81 ± 0.87 ml and the proportion of sufficient cement distribution of the patients was 97.22. LKA was considerably improved from pre-operation to post-operation and sustained at the last follow-up. SCA and LSCA were not significantly modified between these three-time points. IIA, PCL, and LD were lower on the convex side than on the concave side. POW was considerably wider on the convex side. The ODI and VAS-BP scores were significantly improved after surgery and sustained during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Combining with the proper assessment of the pre-injured life status of patients, PKP surgery using unilateral puncture on the convex side for the treatment of P-OVCF with scoliosis can achieve safe, excellent clinical, and radiographic outcomes.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Cifose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Escoliose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Compressão/etiologia , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Escoliose/complicações , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Coluna Vertebral , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Punções , Cifose/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifose/etiologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia
4.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 238, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the simplified S1 vertebral bone quality (VBQ) score in predicting the incidence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS). METHODS: We reviewed 122 patients with DLS who underwent posterior lumbar decompression and long-segment fusion surgery in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2020. The patients were classified into PJK group and non-PJK group. S1 VBQ scores are determined by signal intensity measurements taken from the mid-sagittal plane of T1-weighted non-contrast MRI. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with PJK. Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the value of S1 VBQ score in predicting pedicle PJK after DLS. RESULTS: 122 DLS patients (90 females and 32 males) met the inclusion criteria. In addition, 27 patients (22.13%) had PJK at the time of last follow-up. VBQ was higher in PJK patients than non-PJK patients (3.58 ± 0.67 vs. 3.08 ± 0.54, p < 0.001). Preoperatively, patients in the PJK group had a greater TLK than those in the non-PJK group (20.00 ± 6.22 vs. 16.86 ± 5.38, p = 0.011). After surgery, patients in the PJK group had greater TLK (p < 0.001) and PJA (p < 0.001) compared with the non-PJK group. At final FU, patients in the PJK group had greater TK (p = 0.002), TLK (p < 0.001), SVA (p < 0.001), and PJA (p < 0.001) than patients in the non-PJK group (Table 4). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, higher VBQ score (OR 4.565, 95% CI 1.43-14.568, p = 0.010), advanced age (OR 1.119, 95% CI 1.021-1.227, p = 0.016), and larger TLK (OR 1.191, 95% CI 1.041-1.362, p = 0.011) were significant predictors of postoperative PJK in patients with DLS (Table 6). A statistically significant positive correlation existed between VBQ score and PJA change (r = 0.370, p < 0.001). We created ROC curves for VBQ scores as predictors of PJK with a diagnostic accuracy of 72.1% (95% CI 60.15-82.9%.The ideal limit for the VBQ score was 3.205 (sensitivity: 77.8%, specificity: 81.4%). CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the effectiveness of the S1 VBQ score in predicting postoperative PJK in DLS. Our study included major risk factors and found that S1 VBQ score was a significant predictor of PJK in patients undergoing DLS surgery. The higher the S1 VBQ score, the higher the probability of PJK.


Assuntos
Cifose , Escoliose , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral , Cifose/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifose/etiologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Hospitais , Região Lombossacral
5.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 48(2): 126-131, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605609

RESUMO

A deep learning-based model for automatic diagnosis and classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has been constructed. This model mainly included key points detection and Cobb angle measurement. 748 full-length standing spinal X-ray images were retrospectively collected, of which 602 images were used to train and validate the model, and 146 images were used to test the model performance. The results showed that the model had good diagnostic and classification performance, with an accuracy of 94.5%. Compared with experts' measurement, 94.9% of its Cobb angle measurement results were within the clinically acceptable range. The average absolute difference was 2.1°, and the consistency was also excellent (r2≥0.9552, P<0.001). In the future, this model could be applied clinically to improve doctors' diagnostic efficiency.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Escoliose , Adolescente , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coluna Vertebral , Radiografia
6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 285, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of bone cement on the vertebral body and biomechanical properties in percutaneous cement discoplasty (PCD) for degenerative lumbar disc disease. METHODS: Three-dimensional reconstruction of L2 ~ L3 vertebral bodies was performed in a healthy volunteer, and the corresponding finite element model of the spine was established. Biomechanical analysis was performed on the changes in stress distribution in different groups of models by applying quantitative loads. RESULTS: Models with percutaneous discoplasty (PCD) showed improved stability under various stress conditions, and intervertebral foraminal heights were superior to models without discoplasty. CONCLUSION: Cement discoplasty can improve the stability of the vertebral body to a certain extent and restore a certain height of the intervertebral foramen, which has a good development prospect and potential.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Coluna Vertebral , Voluntários Saudáveis
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(13): 1028-1035, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561297

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of lumbar paraspinal muscle degeneration and postoperative failure to restore ideal Roussouly classification on the occurrence of mechanical complications (MC) following long-segment spinal correction surgery in female patients with degenerative scoliosis (DS). Methods: The clinical data of 72 female DS patients who underwent long-segment spinal correction surgery in Gulou Hospital from June 2017 to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether restoring the ideal Roussouly classification after surgery, the patients were divided into R group(recovery group) (n=51) and N group(non-recovery group) (n=21). According to whether mechanical complications occurred after operation within two years, the patients were divided into MC (mechanical complications)group (n=24) and NMC(non-mechanical complications) group (n=48). The RM group (n=14) experienced mechanical complications in the R group, while the RN group (n=37) did not. The NM group (n=10) experienced mechanical complications in the N group, while the NN group (n=11) did not.Radiographic assessment included Sagittal parameters of spine and pelvis, standardized cross-sectional area (SCSA) and fat infiltration rate (FI%) of paraspinal muscle at each lumbar disc level. Results: The age of DS patients in this study was (61.4±6.2) years.The incidence of MC was 33.33%(n=24)in all patients. The incidence of MC was 27.45%(n=14)in group R and 47.62%(n=10) in group N. The correction amount of pelvic tilt angle (PT) (-11.62°±10.06° vs -7.04°±8.45°, P=0.046) and T1 pelvic angle(TPA)(-12.88°±11.23° vs -7.31°±9.55°, P=0.031)during surgery were significantly higher in MC group compared to the NMC group. In group R, the FI% of paraspinal muscles in each lumbar segment of patients with postoperative MC was higher than that in patients without MC (P<0.05). In the R and N groups, there was no significant difference inthe SCSA of the lumbar paravertebral muscles between patients with postoperative MC and those without MC at each level (all P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the average FI% of lumbar PSM was correlated with the occurrence of MC after spinal fusion in DS patients.The average FI% of lumbar PSM≥22.63% was a risk factors for MC after spinal fusion (P=0.010,OR=1.088, 95%CI:1.020-1.160). Conclusions: Female DS patients with higher degree of preoperative paraspinal muscle degeneration have a higher incidence of postoperative mechanical complications. For these patients,.there is still a higher risk of mechanical complications after surgery even if the ideal Roussouly classification is restored after surgery.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Escoliose/cirurgia , Músculos Paraespinais , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Atrofia Muscular , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(13): 981-984, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561292

RESUMO

Under the background of aging population, the incidence of degenerative lumbar scoliosis is increasing year by year. How to conduct reasonable clinical diagnosis and treatment has gradually become a hot topic in the field of spinal surgery. This article discusses the key issues in the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative spinal deformities, including symptom differentiation, spinal alignment reconstruction, fusion level selection, and clinical efficacy evaluation. The aim is to further promote the accurate diagnosis and treatment of degenerative spinal deformities.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Humanos , Idoso , Escoliose/diagnóstico , Escoliose/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(13): 1043-1049, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561299

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of posterior lumbar interbody fusion combined with Ponte osteotomy in the treatment of patients with degenerative scoliosis. Methods: The medical records and imaging data of degenerative scoliosis in department of orthopedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2013 to 2022 were retrospectively collected, and the shortest follow-up time was 1 year. A total of 38 patients were included, including 13 males and 25 females, aged 50-87(65.6±10.9) years old.The follow-up was12-119(43±20) months. Standing position full spine anteroposterior lateral X-ray examinations were performed on all patients preoperatively, postoperatively, and at latest follow-up. The length of hospital stay, complications, operation time, blood loss, instrumented segment, fusion segmen were recorded. The clinical scores and coronasagittal imaging indicators at three time points were compared. Results: The operation time was (274.5±70.5)min, and intraoperative blood loss was (619.2±93.5)ml. The coronal vertical axis was improved from (2.9±1.8)cm preoperatively to (1.2±1.0)cm postoperatively. The preoperative coronal Cobb angle was 16.6°±9.9° and the immediate postoperative correction was 6.4°±4.0°(t=-6.83, P<0.001). The difference was statistically significant (t=-6.12, P<0.001). The coronal Cobb Angle at the last follow-up was 5.7°±3.7°, and there was no significant orthopaedic loss at the last follow-up (t=-6.12, P<0.001).The sagittal vertical axis decreased from (5.6±3.9)cm preoperatively to (3.2±2.5) cm immediately after operation (t=-6.83,P<0.001), and was well maintained at the last follow-up[(2.7±1.8) cm,t=-7.77,P<0.001]. Lumbar lordosis increased from 21.8°±10.2° preoperatively to 35.8°±8.3° postoperatively(t=12.01, P<0.001)and 40.1°±8.6° at last follow-up(t=-10.21, P<0.001). Oswestry disability score (ODI score), visual analogue score (VAS) low back pain score and VAS leg pain score were also lower after surgery than before surgery (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Posterior lumbar interbody fusion combined with Ponte osteotomy can significantly improve the coronal and sagittal plane deformity and postoperative functional score in adult patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Escoliose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Osteotomia
10.
Rehabilitation (Stuttg) ; 63(2): 89-99, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626790

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Based on the experience during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the study aimed to derive facilitating and hindering factors in the implementation of medical rehabilitation during future pandemics in adolescents with scoliosis. METHODS: A qualitative study design with guided expert interviews was chosen. Twelve interviews with adolescents and seven interviews with physiotherapists were conducted. The evaluation was carried out using qualitative content analysis according to Mayring and inductive categorization. RESULTS: For 83.3% of the adolescents a therapy considering individual patient needs was a facilitator. Good information management (91.7%), continued availability of leisure activities (66.7%), and a high perception of safety (100%) were facilitating. 71.4% favoured outdoor therapy. The increased exertion caused by wearing a mask (91.7%) and the shortened therapy times (66.7%) were seen as barriers. For 75.0% of the adolescents, social contacts were more difficult. All therapists stated that communication between patients and therapists was more difficult. CONCLUSION: For successful rehabilitation during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, depending on weather conditions, therapy should be outside, as there is no need to wear mouth-nose protection outdoors. In addition, the physiotherapeutic treatment (Schroth therapy) should be carried out without mask due to the intensity of the exercise. Social contacts among all adolescents should be supported as much as possible. The leisure activities should provide a wide choice and enough free places. Continuation of certain hygienic measures could help to reduce the incidence of illnesses (e. g., gastrointestinal infections) in the future. These were barely noticed in rehabilitation facilities during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Escoliose , Humanos , Adolescente , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemias , Alemanha/epidemiologia
11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 217, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566085

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the risk factors of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after correction surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, and EMCC databases were searched for retrospective studies utilizing all AIS patients with PJK after corrective surgery to collect preoperative, postoperative, and follow-up imaging parameters, including thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), proximal junctional angle (PJA), the sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis (PI-LL), sacral slope (SS), rod contour angle (RCA) and upper instrumented vertebra (UIV). RESULTS: Nineteen retrospective studies were included in this meta-analysis, including 550 patients in the intervention group and 3456 patients in the control group. Overall, sex (OR 1.40, 95% CI (1.08, 1.83), P = 0.01), larger preoperative TK (WMD 6.82, 95% CI (5.48, 8.16), P < 0.00001), larger follow-up TK (WMD 8.96, 95% CI (5.62, 12.30), P < 0.00001), larger postoperative LL (WMD 2.31, 95% CI (0.91, 3.71), P = 0.001), larger follow-up LL (WMD 2.51, 95% CI (1.19, 3.84), P = 0.0002), great change in LL (WMD - 2.72, 95% CI (- 4.69, - 0.76), P = 0.006), larger postoperative PJA (WMD 4.94, 95% CI (3.62, 6.26), P < 0.00001), larger follow-up PJA (WMD 13.39, 95% CI (11.09, 15.69), P < 0.00001), larger postoperative PI-LL (WMD - 9.57, 95% CI (- 17.42, - 1.71), P = 0.02), larger follow-up PI-LL (WMD - 12.62, 95% CI (- 17.62, - 7.62), P < 0.00001), larger preoperative SVA (WMD 0.73, 95% CI (0.26, 1.19), P = 0.002), larger preoperative SS (WMD - 3.43, 95% CI (- 4.71, - 2.14), P < 0.00001), RCA (WMD 1.66, 95% CI (0.48, 2.84), P = 0.006) were identified as risk factors for PJK in patients with AIS. For patients with Lenke 5 AIS, larger preoperative TK (WMD 7.85, 95% CI (5.69, 10.00), P < 0.00001), larger postoperative TK (WMD 9.66, 95% CI (1.06, 18.26), P = 0.03, larger follow-up TK (WMD 11.92, 95% CI (6.99, 16.86), P < 0.00001, larger preoperative PJA (WMD 0.72, 95% CI (0.03, 1.41), P = 0.04, larger postoperative PJA (WMD 5.54, 95% CI (3.57, 7.52), P < 0.00001), larger follow-up PJA (WMD 12.42, 95% CI 9.24, 15.60), P < 0.00001, larger follow-up SVA (WMD 0.07, 95% CI (- 0.46, 0.60), P = 0.04), larger preoperative PT (WMD - 3.04, 95% CI (- 5.27, - 0.81), P = 0.008, larger follow-up PT (WMD - 3.69, 95% CI (- 6.66, - 0.72), P = 0.02) were identified as risk factors for PJK. CONCLUSION: Following corrective surgery, 19% of AIS patients experienced PJK, with Lenke 5 contributing to 25%. Prior and post-op measurements play significant roles in predicting PJK occurrence; thus, meticulous, personalized preoperative planning is crucial. This includes considering individualized treatments based on the Lenke classification as our future evaluation standard.


Assuntos
Cifose , Lordose , Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Adolescente , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/epidemiologia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Lordose/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cifose/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifose/epidemiologia , Cifose/etiologia , Sacro , Fatores de Risco , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
12.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 216, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566125

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze and study the clinical efficacy and imaging indexes of oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral foramen stenosis(LFS) caused by different causes. METHOD: 33 patients with LFS treated with OLIF from January 2018 to May 2022 were reviewed. Oswestry Dysfunction Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were calculated before and after operation. Segmental lordotic angle (SLA), lumbar lordotic angle (LLA) and segmental scoliosis angle (SSA), disc height (DH), posterior disc height (PDH), lateral disc height (LDH), foraminal height (FH), foramen width (FW) and foraminal cross-sectional area (FSCA) were measured before and after operation. RESULT: The VAS and ODI after operation were significantly improved as compared with those before operation. Compared with pre-operation, the DH, PHD increased by 67.6%, 94.6%, LDH increased by 107.4% (left), 101.7% (right), and FH increased by 30.2% (left), 34.5% (right). The FSCA increased by 93.1% (left), 89.0% (right), and the FW increased by 137.0% (left), 149.6% (right). The postoperative SSA was corrected by 74.5%, the postoperative SLA, LLA were corrected by 70.2%, 38.1%, respectively. All the imaging indexes were significantly improved (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The clinical efficacy and imaging data of OLIF in the treatment of LFS caused by low and moderate lumbar spondylolisthesis, intervertebral disc bulge and reduced intervertebral space height, degenerative lumbar scoliosis, articular process hyperplasia or dislocation have been well improved. OLIF may be one of the better surgical treatments for LFS caused by the above conditions.


Assuntos
Lordose , Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Escoliose/etiologia , Constrição Patológica , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Lordose/etiologia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
13.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 263, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with idiopathic scoliosis commonly present with an imbalance of the paraspinal muscles. However, it is unclear whether this muscle imbalance is an underlying cause or a result of idiopathic scoliosis. This study aimed to investigate the role of paraspinal muscles in the development of idiopathic scoliosis based on surface electromyography (sEMG) and radiographic analyses. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective study of 27 patients with single-curve idiopathic scoliosis. Posteroanterior whole-spine radiographs and sEMG activity of the erector spinae muscles were obtained for all patients in the habitual standing position (HSP), relaxed prone position (RPP), and prone extension position (PEP). The Cobb angle, symmetrical index (SI) of the sEMG activity (convex/concave), and correlation between the two factors were analyzed. RESULTS: In the total cohort, the mean Cobb angle in the HSP was significantly greater than the mean Cobb angle in the RPP (RPP-Cobb) (p < 0.001), whereas the mean Cobb angle in the PEP (PEP-Cobb) did not differ from the RPP-Cobb. Thirteen patients had a PEP-Cobb that was significantly smaller than their RPP-Cobb (p = 0.007), while 14 patients had a PEP-Cobb that was significantly larger than their RPP-Cobb (p < 0.001). In the total cohort and two subgroups, the SI of sEMG activity at the apex vertebra (AVSI) in the PEP was significantly greater than 1, revealing significant asymmetry, and was also significantly larger than the AVSI in the RPP. In the RPP, the AVSI was close to 1 in the total cohort and two subgroups, revealing no significant asymmetry. CONCLUSION: The coronal Cobb angle and the SI of paraspinal muscle activity in AIS patients vary with posture changes. Asymmetrical sEMG activity of the paraspinal muscles may be not an inherent feature of AIS patients, but is evident in the challenging tasks. The potential significance of asymmetric paraspinal muscle activity need to be explored in further research.


Assuntos
Cifose , Escoliose , Humanos , Adolescente , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Eletromiografia , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Coluna Vertebral
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522711

RESUMO

Carbendazim is a widely used fungicide to protect agricultural and horticultural crops against a wide array of fungal species. Published reports have shown that the wide usage of carbendazim resulted in reprotoxicity, carcinogenicity, immunotoxicity, and developmental toxicity in mammalian models. However, studies related to the developmental toxicity of carbendazim in aquatic organisms are not clear. To address this gap, an attempt was made by exposing zebrafish embryos to carbendazim (800 µg/L) and assessing the phenotypic and transcriptomic profile at different developmental stages [24 hour post fertilization (hpf), 48 hpf, 72 hpf and 96 hpf). At 48 hpf, phenotypic abnormalities such as delay in hatching rate, deformed spinal axial curvature, and pericardial edema were observed in zebrafish larvae over its respective controls. At 72 hpf, exposure of zebrafish embryos exposed to carbendazim resulted in scoliosis; however, unexposed larvae did not exhibit signs of scoliosis. Interestingly, the transcriptomic analysis revealed a total of 1253 DEGs were observed at selected time points, while unique genes at 24 hpf, 48 hpf, 72 hpf and 96 hpf was found to be 76.54 %, 61.14 %, 92.98 %, and 68.28 %, respectively. Functional profiling of downregulated genes revealed altered transcriptomic markers associated with phototransduction (24 hpf and 72 hpf), immune system (48 hpf), and SNARE interactions in the vesicular pathway (96 hpf). Whereas functional profiling of upregulated genes revealed altered transcriptomic markers associated with riboflavin metabolism (24 hpf), basal transcription factors (48 hpf), insulin signaling pathway (72 hpf), and primary bile acid biosynthesis (96 hpf). Taken together, carbendazim-induced developmental toxicity could be ascribed to pleiotropic responses at the molecular level, which in turn might reflect phenotypic abnormalities.


Assuntos
Benzimidazóis , Carbamatos , Escoliose , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Larva , Escoliose/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
15.
J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact ; 24(1): 67-72, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Children with cerebral palsy have weak muscles, which may impair postural adjustments. These postural adjustments are required for gait and dynamic balance during the daily living activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between Cobb's angle and Formetric 4D surface topography system in evaluating spinal and pelvic deformity in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: One hundred children with spastic diplegia (6 to 8 years old) diagnosed as cerebral palsy participated in this study and selected from the Outpatient Clinic of Faculty of Physical Therapy. Digital x- ray and formetric analysis were used to measure spinal deformities and pelvic deviation in children with cerebral palsy. RESULTS: There were positive correlations between Cobb's angle and formetric parameters, including trunk imbalance, lateral deviation, and pelvic tilt. Also, Formetric parameters were significant predictors of Cobb's angle, including trunk imbalance (for a one-degree increase, Cobb's angle increases by 0.227, lateral deviation (for a one-degree increase, Cobb's angle increases by 0.665), and pelvic tilt (for a one-degree increase, Cobb's angle increases by 0.252). CONCLUSION: Formetric 4D surface topography system was effective in evaluating spinal and pelvic deformity in children with cerebral palsy when compared with Digital x-ray.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Escoliose , Criança , Humanos , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Paralisia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Marcha , Postura
16.
Can Vet J ; 65(3): 227-233, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434166

RESUMO

A stray cat, an intact female Japanese domestic shorthair cat of unknown age (suspected to be a young adult), was rescued. The cat was lethargic and thin and had marked skin fragility, delayed wound healing without skin hyperextensibility, and hind limb proprioceptive ataxia and paresis. Survey radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed congenital vertebral anomalies, including thoracolumbar transitional vertebrae, scoliosis resulting from a thoracic lateral wedge-shaped vertebra, and a kinked tail, and a dilated spinal cord central canal. Through nutritional support, the cat's general condition normalized, followed by a gradual and complete improvement of skin features. Whole-genome sequencing was completed; however, no pathogenic genetic variant was identified that could have caused this phenotype, including congenital scoliosis. A skin biopsy obtained 7 y after the rescue revealed no remarkable findings on histopathology or transmission electron microscopy. Based on clinical course and microscopic findings, malnutrition-induced reversible feline skin fragility syndrome (FSFS) was suspected, and nutritional support was considered to have improved the skin condition. Key clinical message: This is the second reported case of presumed malnutrition-induced reversible FSFS and was accompanied by long-term follow-up.


Syndrome de fragilité cutanée réversible induit par la malnutrition soupçonné chez un chat avec des difformités axiales congénitales. Un chat errant, une femelle intacte de race japonaise à poil court et d'âge inconnu (suspecté être une jeune adulte), a été secourue. La chatte était léthargique et maigre, et avait une fragilité marquée de la peau, un retard dans la guérison de plaies sans hyperextensibilité de la peau, et une ataxie proprioceptive et parésie des membres postérieurs. Des radiographies, un examen par tomodensitométrie, et de l'imagerie par résonnance magnétique ont révélé des anomalies congénitales des vertèbres, incluant des vertèbres transitionnelles thoraco-lombaires, une scoliose résultant d'une vertèbre thoracique en forme de coin, une queue pliée, et un canal central de la moelle épinière dilaté. Grâce à un soutien nutritionnel, la condition générale du chat s'est stabilisée, suivi d'une amélioration graduelle et complète des caractéristiques de la peau. Le séquençage du génome complet a été effectué; toutefois, aucune variation génétique pathogénique n'a été identifiée qui aurait pu causer ce phénotype, incluant la scoliose congénitale. Une biopsie cutanée obtenue 7 j après le sauvetage n'a révélé aucune trouvaille spéciale à l'histopathologie ou par microscopie électronique à transmission. Basé sur le déroulement clinique et l'examen microscopique, le syndrome de fragilité cutanée réversible félin induit par la malnutrition (FSFS) était suspecté, et le soutien nutritionnel a été considéré comme ayant amélioré la condition cutanée.Message clinique clé :Ce cas est le deuxième cas rapporté de FSFS induit par la malnutrition soupçonné et a fait l'objet d'un suivi à long terme.(Traduit par Dr Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Desnutrição , Escoliose , Feminino , Gatos , Animais , Escoliose/veterinária , Desnutrição/veterinária , Ataxia/veterinária , Biópsia/veterinária , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico , Doenças do Gato/etiologia
17.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300685, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512969

RESUMO

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has an abnormal curvature and Cobb angle is a measurement used to evaluate the severity of a spinal curvature. Presently, automatic Existing Cobb angle measurement techniques require huge dataset, time-consuming, and needs significant effort. So, it is important to develop an unsupervised method for the measurement of Cobb angle with good accuracy. In this work, an unsupervised local center of mass (LCM) technique is proposed to segment the spine region and further novel Cobb angle measurement method is proposed for accurate measurement. Validation of the proposed method was carried out on 2D X-ray images from the Saudi Arabian population. Segmentation results were compared with GMM-Based Hidden Markov Random Field (GMM-HMRF) segmentation method based on sensitivity, specificity, and dice score. Based on the findings, it can be observed that our proposed segmentation method provides an overall accuracy of 97.3% whereas GMM-HMRF has an accuracy of 89.19%. Also, the proposed method has a higher dice score of 0.54 compared to GMM-HMRF. To further evaluate the effectiveness of the approach in the Cobb angle measurement, the results were compared with Senior Scoliosis Surgeon at Multispecialty Hospital in Saudi Arabia. The findings indicated that the segmentation of the scoliotic spine was nearly flawless, and the Cobb angle measurements obtained through manual examination by the expert and the algorithm were nearly identical, with a discrepancy of only ± 3 degrees. Our proposed method can pave the way for accurate spinal segmentation and Cobb angle measurement among scoliosis patients by reducing observers' variability.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Arábia Saudita , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Algoritmos
18.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 19(1): 128, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare, heritable connective tissue disorder associated with a variety of symptoms, that affect individuals' quality of life (QoL) and can be associated with increased healthcare resource use. While some aspects of OI are well studied, others remain poorly understood. Therefore, the IMPACT survey aimed to elucidate the humanistic, clinical and economic burden of OI on individuals with OI, their families, caregivers and wider society. METHODS: We developed an international mixed methods online survey in eight languages (fielded July-September 2021), aimed at adults (aged ≥ 18 years) or adolescents (aged ≥ 12-17 years) with OI, caregivers (with or without OI) of individuals with OI and other close relatives. All respondents provided data on themselves; caregivers additionally provided data on individuals in their care by proxy. Data were cleaned, coded, and analysed using the pandas Python software package and Excel. RESULTS: IMPACT collected 2208 eligible questionnaires (covering 2988 individuals of whom 2312 had OI) including 1290 non-caregiver adults with OI, 92 adolescents with OI, 150 caregiver adults with OI, 560 caregivers for individuals with OI, 116 close relatives and 780 proxy care-recipients with OI. Most individuals with OI (direct or proxy) described their OI as moderate (41-52% across populations) and reported OI type 1 (33-38%). Pain (72-82%) was the most reported clinical condition experienced in the past 12 months and was also most frequently rated as severely or moderately impactful. Further, among adults, 67% reported fatigue, 47% scoliosis, and 46% sleep disturbance; in adolescents, fatigue affected 65%, scoliosis and other bone problems 60%, and mental health problems 46%; in children, fractures were common in 67%, fatigue in 47%, and dental problems in 46%. CONCLUSION: IMPACT has generated an extensive dataset on the experience of individuals with OI, their caregivers and relatives. We found that, irrespective of age, individuals with OI experience numerous and evolving symptoms that affect their QoL; however, pain and fatigue are consistently present. Upcoming analyses will provide further insights into the economic impact, healthcare journey and caregiver wellbeing, aiming to contribute to improved treatment and care for the OI community.


Assuntos
Osteogênese Imperfeita , Escoliose , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Osteogênese Imperfeita/complicações , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Dor , Fadiga
20.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 44(5): e381-e388, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of congenital scoliosis poses a significant challenge for treating surgeons. The aim of our study was to provide insight into the long-term clinical results of spinal fusion in congenital scoliosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the scoliosis database in our institution for the period 1976 until 2002 identifying 43 patients with congenital scoliosis who underwent spinal fusion. Patient demographics, diagnosis, levels fused, and radiographs were evaluated. Patients were evaluated for unplanned return to the operating room (UPROR) via SRS 22, EQ5D-5L, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). RESULTS: Of the 43 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, 22 patients agreed to participate, 3 patients were known to be deceased and 18 patients were lost to follow-up or declined to participate and were excluded. The mean age of the respondents was 40.7 years (range, 30 to 47 y) with a mean follow-up from index surgery of 35 years (range, 20 to 44 y). At most recent follow-up, 12 patients (54%) underwent UPROR. The mean age at diagnosis was 3.4 years (range, birth to 11.5 y), and the mean age for first surgery was 5.8 years (range, 1 to 13 y). As regards radiologic follow-up; the mean number of levels fused was 5.2 (range, 2 to 12). Thoracic fusion was performed in 17 patients (77%). The mean T1 to T12 height at index surgery and maturity was 166 mm (range, 130 to 240 mm) and 202 mm (range, 125 to 270 mm), respectively. The mean functional scores at follow-up were SRS 22: 4.5 (range, 2.4 to 5), cumulative EQ5D-5L score 7.2 (range, 5 to 15), and ODI: 8% (range, 2 to 30%). All respondents completed high school, 10 patients (45%) completed university, and 2 patients were awarded doctorates. Currently, 17 patients (77%) are in paid employment. CONCLUSIONS: This report constitutes the largest series of patients treated by spinal arthrodesis for congenital scoliosis followed into maturity. We demonstrate the thorax continues to grow after index fusion, patient-reported outcomes were satisfactory with superior educational and employment rates and unplanned return to theatre is rare in adult life. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Criança , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
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