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1.
Ital J Dermatol Venerol ; 159(1): 55-59, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38059779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recalcitrant gingival erosions, blisters and desquamative gingivitis are common features in oral autoimmune blistering diseases (AIBD). First line treatments include high-dosage corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs, with several side effects and elevated number of recurrences. Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been recently introduced as an alternative treatment and its use seems to be promising and safe. METHODS: In this study we describe the use of topical application of heterologous PRP in nine patients affected by mucous membrane pemphigoid, with gingival lesions refractory to previous treatments. Topical applications of PRP were performed once a week for 2 months and the endpoint for clinical evaluation was set 3 months after the last session. Oral disease severity score (ODSS) and VAS scores for pain measurement were recorded before and after treatment. RESULTS: The procedure was painless, well accepted, and free from adverse reactions. All patients (100%) reported a reduction in VAS whereas reduction in ODSS was observed in 89% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of the study, topical heterologous PRP is a safe and promising procedure to be studied in future controlled randomized trials as adjuvant treatment for refractory gingival lesions in patients with AIBDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Gengivite , Doenças da Boca , Penfigoide Mucomembranoso Benigno , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Humanos , Vesícula , Gengivite/terapia , Penfigoide Mucomembranoso Benigno/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 21372, 2023 12 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38049472

RESUMO

Dental implant inflammation is primarily caused by oral biofilms, which form within 8 h, particularly at 37 °C, thereby requiring diligent cleaning. Considering the complex management of dental implants, a novel technology based on the bioelectric effect (BE) to combat inflammation has emerged. A BE-integrated toothbrush was developed and clinically tested on patients with dental implants (N = 36). Our findings revealed a significant average plaque index reduction of 67% with BE technology compared with that at baseline (P < 0.05), whereas non-BE did not yield statistical significance even after 4 weeks of use (P > 0.05). The bleeding index demonstrated a 59% average reduction in all surfaces with BE technology (P < 0.05), whereas the non-BE group exhibited no significant change. Substantial reductions in total plaque and bleeding indices suggest that using BE toothbrushes can help effectively remove oral biofilms and treat bleeding symptoms.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Gengivite , Humanos , Método Simples-Cego , Escovação Dentária , Inflamação/terapia , Biofilmes , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Gengivite/terapia
3.
Nutrients ; 15(22)2023 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38004199

RESUMO

The present study aims to test whether probiotics protect against experimental gingivitis incited by 14 days of oral hygiene neglect and/or subsequently support the restoration of oral homeostasis. Eighty systemically and orally healthy participants refrained from oral hygiene procedures for 14 days, followed by 14 days with regular oral hygiene procedures. Additionally, participants consumed either probiotics (n = 40) or placebo (n = 40) throughout the trial. At baseline, day 14, and day 28, supragingival plaque score and bleeding-on-probing percentage (BOP %) were registered, and supragingival plaque and saliva samples were collected. The supragingival microbiota was characterized using 16S sequencing, and saliva samples were analyzed for levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and proteases. At day 28, the relative abundance of Lautropia (p = 0.014), Prevotella (p = 0.046), Fusobacterium (p = 0.033), and Selenomonas (p = 0.0078) genera were significantly higher in the placebo group compared to the probiotics group, while the relative abundance of Rothia (p = 0.047) species was associated with the probiotics group. Streptococcus sanguinis was associated with the probiotics group, while Campylobacter gracilis was associated with the placebo group. No difference was observed in salivary cytokines, albumin, or any enzyme activity. The present study suggests that probiotics support the resilience of the oral microbiota in the resolution period after gingivitis.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Microbiota , Probióticos , Humanos , Gengivite/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Citocinas
4.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 26(9): 1283-1289, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37794540

RESUMO

Background: Neutrophils continuously migrate into the oral cavity from various sources like gingival crevicular fluid and saliva both in health and in inflammation. The migration of the neutrophils into the various tissues and into the oral cavity occurs when the host microbial interplay tips the balance favoring the initiation of the inflammatory and immune reactions which depending on the amount of the microbial load results in the development of acute and chronic infections in the susceptible host. Aim: The present study was designed to quantify and compare the oral salivary neutrophil levels in patients with gingivitis and chronic and aggressive periodontitis as well as in healthy controls, before and after scaling and root planing (SRP) and to compare the difference within the selected study groups. Materials and Methods: Forty subjects were classified into four groups, that is, healthy controls, gingivitis, and chronic and aggressive periodontitis. Oral rinse samples were collected using Hank's balanced salt solution from each patient before and after phase I periodontal therapy. Cells in the rinse samples were stained with Acridine orange, and neutrophil counts were carried out using a fluorescence microscope and a hemocytometer. Results: Baseline oral salivary neutrophil levels were maximum in the chronic periodontitis group followed by the aggressive group and then the gingivitis group. Oral salivary neutrophil levels also positively correlated to probing pocket depth, plaque index, calculus index, and gingival index in all four study groups. Maximum reduction in the oral salivary neutrophil levels after phase I periodontal therapy was seen in the gingivitis group. Conclusion: From our study, we conclude that the oral salivary neutrophil levels decreased significantly after SRP. Estimation of changes in the oral salivary neutrophil levels has the potential to aid in monitoring treatment outcomes. Thus, it suggests that it could be used as a simple, noninvasive laboratory technique to monitor the periodontal status and disease progression.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Periodontite Crônica , Gengivite , Humanos , Neutrófilos , Bolsa Periodontal/terapia , Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Gengivite/terapia
5.
Br Dent J ; 235(2): 127-131, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37500864

RESUMO

Introduction Mild-to-moderate gingivitis is treatable by effective toothbrushing with appropriate over-the-counter oral health care products; however, rates remain high.Aim To determine patient knowledge of gingivitis and dentists' views on management.Methods Surveys were completed by dentists and dental hospital patients.Results In total, 224 patients and 50 dentists participated. Clinical health, gingivitis, or periodontitis was detected in 2%, 33% and 56% of patients, respectively; 32% reported never suffering gingival bleeding. Moreover, 74% of patients reported gingival health as very important but only 53.7% with gingivitis occasionally/often were moderately-extremely worried about their symptoms. More than 50% of patients knew gingivitis causes poor oral health but <20% knew it elevated risks of other systemic conditions. Patients thought education on risks associated with poor oral health and product recommendations were most likely, and daily reminders least likely, to improve compliance with oral health advice (OHA). Also, 40% of dentists thought their patients were relatively unaware of the importance of gingival health, 76.9% of their patient-base had gingivitis, and 96% give OHA to these patients but only 30% thought this effected improvement. The most useful tools for improving oral health were better patient knowledge of the consequences and one-to-one instruction.Conclusion Patients struggle to attain oral health following OHA. Education about gingivitis-associated risks might improve OHA compliance.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Humanos , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Gengivite/terapia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Odontólogos
6.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 44(5): e1-e4, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37134287

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Plasma cell gingivitis (PCG) is a rare benign condition usually found on marginal and attached gingiva. This case details a generalized PCG, to include the management of the patient and clinicopathologic characteristics of the disorder. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient, a 24-year-old African American female, was referred to the periodontics clinic for severe generalized gingival erythema and edema. Past medical history review was remarkable for sickle cell anemia and systemic lupus erythematosus. The patient was initially prescribed dexamethasone oral rinse (0.5 mg/5 ml) pending biopsy and medical consult for potential causes of any hypersensitivity reaction. The patient also was instructed to discontinue her current type of oral mouthrinse and dentifrice. Biopsy results confirmed a diagnosis of PCG. Resolution of signs and symptoms started 1 month later, and approximately 2 years after initial diagnosis the patient was clinically stable. CONCLUSION: This report describes the management of a diffuse plasma cell gingivitis and reviews pertinent literature on the lesion. The etiology of PCG, although unclear, may be attributable to a hypersensitivity reaction. PCG may mimic other pathological entities, which underscores the importance of microscopic examination in establishing a definitive diagnosis before treatment initiation.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Plasmócitos , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Plasmócitos/patologia , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Gengivite/terapia , Gengiva/patologia , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Periodontia
7.
Chin J Dent Res ; 26(1): 11-18, 2023 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36988062

RESUMO

In recent years, as the number of adults seeking orthodontic treatment has increased, so too has the number of periodontal tissue problems, particularly regarding the impact on periodontal tissue of receiving orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment improves the occlusion and appearance of teeth by moving the teeth appropriately. These movements have a significant impact on the interactions between the teeth and periodontal tissues. Orthodontic treatment can also recover tooth alignment for patients with tooth displacement caused by periodontitis; however, orthodontic treatment also often has adverse effects on periodontal soft tissue, such as gingivitis, gingival enlargement and gingival recession. The purpose of this review is to summarise the current evidence and solid knowledge of periodontal soft tissue problems in orthodontic treatment and outline some prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Gengivite , Periodontite , Adulto , Humanos , Gengiva , Gengivite/terapia , Gengivite/complicações , Periodontite/complicações , Retração Gengival/terapia , Retração Gengival/etiologia , Periodonto , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 27(1): 387-398, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36305963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial evaluated the adjuvant effects of Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 on the treatment of plaque-induced generalized gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were submitted to professional supragingival scaling and prophylaxis. They were randomly assigned to test (probiotic lozenges containing B. lactis HN019, n = 30) or control (placebo lozenges, n = 30) groups. Lozenges were consumed twice a day for 8 weeks. Bleeding on probing (BoP), Gingival Index (GI), Plaque Index (PI), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were evaluated at baseline and after 2 and 8 weeks. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected at baseline and at 8 weeks for analysis of the inflammatory mediators IL-1ß, IL-1α, IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1ß. Data were statistically analyzed (p < 0.05). RESULTS: After 8 weeks, both groups showed reduction in the percentage of PI, with no significant difference between groups (p = 0.7423). The test group presented a lower percentage of BoP and a higher percentage of sites with GI ≤ 1 when compared with the control group at the end of the study (p < 0.0001). At 8 weeks, the test group had a greater number of patients without generalized gingivitis than the control group (20 and 11 patients, respectively; p < 0.05). The test group presented significantly lower levels of IL-1α, IL-1ß, and MCP-1 in GCF than the control group at the end of the study (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The adjunct use of B. lactis HN019 promotes additional clinical and immunological benefits in the treatment of generalized gingivitis. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: B. lactis HN019 can be an efficient and side-effect-free adjunct strategy in the treatment of generalized gingivitis.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium animalis , Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Gengivite/terapia , Raspagem Dentária , Placa Dentária/terapia , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Administração Oral , Líquido do Sulco Gengival
9.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 8(5): 1249-1258, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In our research, we evaluated the effect of coconut and sesame oils using the microneedling technique on gingival inflammation and plaque accumulation among patients with gingivitis by creating microholes in the gingiva to facilitate the concentration and entrance of the oils through gingival tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with clinically diagnosed plaque-induced gingivitis were selected from Vision dental hospital, Riyadh, KSA, and assigned to one of three groups randomly; group A consisted of eight participants who were treated with dermapen and topical coconut oil, group B had eight participants who were treated with dermapen and topical sesame oil, and group C involved eight patients who received periodontal mechanical treatment only. Postintervention gingival status and plaque status for all participants were assessed using a modified average gingival index and a plaque index at Weeks 1, 2, and 4. RESULTS: Groups A and B experienced highly significant reductions in gingival indices, while group C showed reduced scores but was not significantly notable. On the contrary, the three studied groups exhibited no significant difference in the reduction of plaque indices when compared altogether. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated an effective novel technique that revealed a noticeable improvement in gingival status and a reduction in the average gingival index and plaque index.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Óleo de Coco/uso terapêutico , Cocos , Placa Dentária/terapia , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Inflamação , Óleo de Gergelim/uso terapêutico
10.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(4): 1-13, jul. 21, 2022. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400929

RESUMO

Background: Probing of periodontal pockets is an essential part in the diagnosis of periodontal disease. Fifteen to seventy seven percent of untreated periodontal patients experience pain during probing. Hence the aim of this study is to evaluate the pain perceived by patients with gingivitis and periodontitis during periodontal probing. The goals of this study were to compare the patients' pain perception when using a conventional UNC15 probe and a manual pressure sensitive periodontal probe, and to relate the clinical features of gingivitis and periodontitis to the discomfort associated with periodontal probing. Material and Methods: A total of 475 subjects were recruited into the study. The subjects were initially divided into two groups ­ Group ­ A (Gingivitis group - 275 patients) and Group ­ B (Chronic Periodontitis group -200 patients) according to the AAP 1999 Classification. These two groups were further subdivided into two groups each (Gingivitis ­ Conventional Probe ­ GCP, Gingivitis ­ Manual Pressure Sensitive Probe ­ GMPS, Periodontitis - Conventional Probe ­ PCP, Periodontitis ­ Manual Pressure Sensitive Probe ­ PMPS) using a computer generated program of random numbers. Results: A significant difference was noted in pain perception when pressure sensitive probe was used compared to conventional UNC-15 probe. Reduced Bleeding on Probing and Pain scores were noted in Chronic periodontitis subjects with use of pressure sensitive probe, which was statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Dentistry has changed its focus towards painless dentistry. In this context, the present study presents data towards use of manual pressure sensitive probes, which offers an advantage of low cost when compared to more advanced computerized systems with reduced pain during periodontal examination. It could result in a positive attitude of the patients towards continuous supportive periodontal therapy thereby monitoring periodontal health.


Antecedentes: El sondaje de los sacos periodontales es una parte esencial en el diagnóstico de la enfermedad periodontal. Del quince al setenta y siete por ciento de los pacientes periodontales no tratados experimentan dolor durante el sondaje. De ahí que el objetivo de este estudio fué evaluar el dolor percibido por pacientes con gingivitis y periodontitis durante el sondaje periodontal. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron comparar la percepción del dolor de los pacientes al usar una sonda UNC15 convencional y una sonda periodontal sensible a la presión manual, y relacionar las características clínicas de la gingivitis y la periodontitis con la incomodidad asociada con el sondaje periodontal. Material y Métodos: Un total de 475 sujetos fueron reclutados en el estudio. Los sujetos se dividieron inicialmente en dos grupos - Grupo - A (grupo de Gingivitis - 275 pacientes) y Grupo - B (grupo de Periodontitis Crónica - 200 pacientes) de acuerdo con la Clasificación AAP 1999. Estos dos grupos se subdividieron en dos grupos cada uno (Gingivitis - Sonda convencional - GCP, Gingivitis - Sonda manual sensible a la presión - GMPS, Periodontitis - Sonda convencional - PCP, Periodontitis - Sonda manual sensible a la presión - PMPS) usando un programa generado por computadora de datos aleatorios. números. Resultados: Se notó una diferencia significativa en la percepción del dolor cuando se usó una sonda sensible a la presión en comparación con la sonda UNC-15 convencional (p<0,001). Conclusion: La odontología ha cambiado su enfoque hacia una odontología sin dolor. En este contexto, el presente estudio presenta datos hacia el uso de sondas manuales sensibles a la presión, que ofrece una ventaja de bajo costo en comparación con sistemas computarizados más avanzados con reducción del dolor durante el examen periodontal. Podría resultar en una actitud positiva de los pacientes hacia la terapia periodontal de apoyo continuo, monitoreando así la salud periodontal.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Periodontite/terapia , Percepção da Dor , Gengivite/terapia , Dor , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Bolsa Periodontal , Estudos Transversais
11.
Med Eng Phys ; 104: 103804, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641073

RESUMO

Oral healthcare is a critical condition for high quality of life. According to statistics, gingivitis is one of major diseases in the world (The Global Burden of Disease Study 2019, 3.5 billion population worldwide). Oral diseases, that initiated by a group of multispecies bacteria with diverse extracellular slime that called biofilms, are modifiable risk factors with the cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease. Hence, effective management of biofilms is important. Since biofilms are comprised of extracellular matrix that inhibit drug diffusion, the traditional antibiotic treatment requires 500 -5000 times more concentration than planktonic bacterial infection. The biofilm cleaning in dentistry includes time-consuming and painful physical brushing. In this work, we have developed a new electric toothbrush in emphasis on demonstration of convenient and painless gingivitis improvement device. For the first time, the toothbrush has been integrated with an electromagnetic technology for effective biofilm removal, known for bioelectric effect (BE). Biofilms consists of electrically charged molecules that are affected by external electric fields. Thus, when an electric field is applied, it creates interruption of metabolism, reduction of enzyme activity, weakening surface attachment, and nonuniform electrolyte distribution, resulting in separation from the surface. Thus, integration of the BE on a toothbrush enables enhanced biofilm reduction. The toothbrush tested with mild gingival patient (N=40) at the department of dentistry, Ulsan University Hospital, South Korea. The patient used the BE toothbrush and non-BE toothbrush consecutively for 2 weeks in each, following their gingival index (GI) and plaque index (PI) measurement for the quantitative analysis. The results demonstrate 1.75 times more decrease of GI in BE toothbrush than the data of the non-BE device (p < 0.05). In conclusion, a new electromagnetic wave toothbrush has been successfully demonstrated especially in reduction of inflammation. Based on this work, we are going to further develop a medical device that dedicated on the treatment of inflammation.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Qualidade de Vida , Biofilmes , Atenção à Saúde , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Inflamação
13.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 153(1): 67-73, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: To date, only about 125 cases of juvenile or adult spongiotic gingivitis have been described in the literature, primarily from retrospective biopsy searches. Spongiotic gingivitis is a relatively new, often misdiagnosed, periodontal pathology that was originally attributed only to juveniles. This is the first case report to our knowledge on spongiotic gingivitis diagnosed in a middle-aged adult man and treated with a novel carbon dioxide (CO2) laser low-energy ablation therapy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old man sought treatment for a localized erythematous lesion on the facial gingiva of the maxillary left central incisor (tooth no. 9). Initial treatment was conventional excisional surgery and biopsy. Diagnosed as spongiotic gingivitis, it reoccurred in the same location within 4 months. It was then treated in 3 sessions using a novel 9,300-nm CO2 laser low-energy ablation set at 0.4 W and 1.25-mm cut width for an irradiance of 33.3 W/cm2 and energy density of 0.21 J/cm2. The lesion was significantly reduced and has shown no hyperplastic reoccurrence to date. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: This case report brings to dental professionals' attention that acute spongiotic gingivitis may occur in older adults, not just juveniles. As such, spongiotic gingivitis may be underreported in adults with localized gingivitis, possibly attributed to toothpastes containing sodium laurel sulfate. 9,300-nm CO2 laser therapy may successfully treat lesions such as acute spongiotic gingivitis without the need for anesthesia or additional medications. This report may also encourage further research on treatment modalities, biopsy of lesions resembling this entity, and improved reporting of adult spongiotic gingivitis to better understand this unique gingival pathology.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Gengival , Gengivite , Lasers de Gás , Dióxido de Carbono , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Gengivite/etiologia , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Lasers de Gás/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
J Periodontol ; 93(2): 218-228, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34048073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of a periodontal health education session (PHES), which included education on the pathogenesis and consequences of periodontal diseases on oral hygiene motivation in patients with gingivitis. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 50 (26 females and 24 males) patients with gingivitis who underwent periodontal treatment. Subjects were randomly allocated into the PHES group (experimental group) and standard oral hygiene education group (control group). The Rustogi Modified Navy Plaque Index (RMNPI) and Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI) were used to evaluate oral hygiene at baseline and were repeated after 1, 3, and 6 months. Knowledge about periodontal disease was measured and the participants' motivation was determined using the Oral Hygiene Motivation Scale. RESULTS: Although baseline knowledge levels and motivation scores were not different between the groups, following the educational motivational interviewing (MI) session, levels were higher in the experimental compared with the control group. The subjects' RMNPI and PBI scores at the 1-, 3-, and 6- month re-examinations were statistically higher in the control group than the experimental group. Furthermore, the level of knowledge and intrinsic and total motivation scores were moderately positively correlated with a reduction in clinical indices at 6 months compared with baseline. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicated that increased knowledge and awareness about periodontal diseases and its consequences, including systemic effects, via educational MI session increased intrinsic motivation and improved oral hygiene of patients with gingivitis, especially regarding interproximal surfaces.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Placa Dentária/terapia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Gengivite/terapia , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Escovação Dentária
15.
Oral Dis ; 28(4): 1058-1067, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772970

RESUMO

To evaluate the effect of probiotics on gingival inflammation and oral microbiota in patients suffering from plaque-induced gingivitis. PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and EMBASE were electronically searched until December 2020. The quality of included studies was assessed with the Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of Bias tool. The differences were expressed as weighted mean differences (WMD) and 95% of confidence interval (95% CI). I2 test was performed to evaluate the heterogeneity of the studies. All analyses were performed using Review Manager (version 5.3). Eleven randomized and controlled trials were included, enrolling 554 patients. All comparisons displayed that oral probiotics had no significant improvement in the Gingival Index (GI), Plaque Index (PI), and bleeding on probing (BOP) of patients with plaque-induced gingivitis. In terms of microecology, no significant difference in the volumes of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), the concentration of IL-1ß, and the counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Prevotella intermedia (Pi), and Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) were found between the probiotic group and the placebo group. There exists no clear evidence that oral probiotics have positive effect on gingival inflammation and oral microecological environment of patients with plaque-induced gingivitis.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Microbiota , Probióticos , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Gengivite/microbiologia , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Inflamação , Probióticos/uso terapêutico
16.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 20(2): 371-380, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy in the short-term resolution of gingivitis of a novel protocol involving full-mouth erythritol powder air polishing followed by ultrasonic calculus removal. METHODS: Forty-one healthy patients completed the study. Following a split-mouth design, quadrants 1-4 and 2-3 were randomly allocated to receive air polishing followed by ultrasonic calculus removal (A+US) or traditional full-mouth ultrasonic debridement followed by polishing with a rubber cup and prophylactic paste (US+P). Bleeding on probing (BoP) and plaque index (PI) were collected at baseline and 2 and 4 weeks. Moreover, the residual plaque area (RPA), treatment time and patient comfort/satisfaction were evaluated at the end of the treatment. RESULTS: Both treatments showed a significant reduction in BoP and PI. At 4 weeks, A+US seems to reach a statistically significant lower BoP (8.7% [6.9; 10.9] vs. 11.6%[9.3; 14.4], p < 0.0001) and PI (10.7% [8.9; 13.0] vs. 12.3% [10.2; 14.9], p = 0.033). Moreover, A+US treatment time lasted on average 9.2% less than US+P (p < 0.0001) and was the preferred treatment for a significantly higher number of patients (73.2% vs. 17.1%, p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The A+US protocol is suitable for the short-term resolution of plaque-induced gingivitis.


Assuntos
Cálculos , Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Desbridamento , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Polimento Dentário , Eritritol , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Pós , Borracha , Ultrassom
17.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 19(1): 565-572, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673848

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether treatment of gingivitis in pregnant women affects pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials using PRISMA guidelines to appraise the treatment of gingivitis on pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth (less than 37 weeks), low birth weight (less than 2,500 g), gestational age and birth weight. Pooled odds ratios (OR), mean difference, and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using the random effect model. A search was conducted in databases including Medline, Pubmed, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Embase without restrictions regarding language or date of publication. RESULTS: Three clinical trials comprising 1,031 participants were included in this review. Treatment of gingivitis during pregnancy was associated with a decreased risk of preterm birth (OR = 0.44, 95% CI [0.20-0.98], P = 0.045) and higher birth weight (weighted mean difference (WMD) =105.36 g, 95% CI [36.72-174.01], P = 0.003). Gestational age at birth in the treatment group (WMD = 0.31 weeks, 95% CI [-0.02-0.64], P = 0.64) as well as likelihood of low birth weight (OR = 0.92, 95% CI [0.38-2.21], P = 0.851) did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: The results of this meta-analysis indicate that treatment of gingivitis in pregnancy may improve pregnancy outcomes including increased infants birth weight and reduced preterm births. Future trials are warranted to validate the true effect size of gingivitis treatment on pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Nascimento Prematuro , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez
18.
J Periodontal Res ; 56(6): 1132-1140, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510434

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how chronic gingivitis treatment impacts the oral and circulating cytokine expressions after six-month follow-up in patients with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) and also to evaluate the circulating expression of anti-Porphyromonas gingivalis peptidylarginine deiminase antibodies (anti-PPAD) before and after treatment. BACKGROUND: Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients present a worse periodontal condition associated with higher gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-8, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), interferon-γ and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one adolescents with jSLE (mean age: 16.2 ± 1.5 years) were recruited. Participants were rheumatologically and periodontally examined. All individuals were clinically diagnosed with gingival inflammation. Chronic gingivitis treatment consisted of supragingival scaling, prophylaxis and oral hygiene instructions. The cytokine levels were determined by bead-based multiplex assays and the anti-PPAD levels by ELISA. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum samples were collected at baseline and 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: We observed a reduction in attachment loss, SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), IL-1ß, IL-10 and MCP-1 GCF levels, and the IL-4 and IL-5 serum levels 6 months after periodontal treatment. On the contrary, a significant increase in GCF expression of IL-4, IL-12, IL-17, IFN-γ and serum levels of anti-PPAD antibody was observed. CONCLUSION: Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients seem to positively benefit from periodontal treatment by a significantly reduced CAL, a GCF reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and an increasing of anti-inflammatory ones. However, an increase in the GCF expression of IL-17 and the serum expression of anti-PPAD antibody 6 months after periodontal treatment might negatively affect the treatment outcome of such patients in the long term.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Adolescente , Citocinas/análise , Seguimentos , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Interleucina-12 , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia
19.
Benef Microbes ; 12(3): 215-230, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057054

RESUMO

Probiotics are thought to be beneficial microbes that influence health-related outcomes through host immunomodulation and modulation of the bacteriome. Its reported success in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders has led to further research on its potential applicability within the dental field due to similarities such as a polymicrobial aetiology and disease associated microbial-shifts. Although the literature is replete with studies demonstrating its efficacy, the use of probiotics in dentistry continues to polarise opinion. Here, we explore the evidence for probiotics and its effect on periodontal and peri-implant health. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were systemically searched from June 2010 to June 2020 based on a formulated search strategy. Of 1,956 potentially relevant articles, we selected 27 double-blinded randomised clinical trials in the areas of gingivitis, periodontitis, residual pockets during supportive periodontal therapy, and peri-implant diseases, and reviewed their efficacy in these clinical situations. We observed substantial variation in treatment results and protocols between studies. Overall, the evidence for probiotic therapy for periodontal and peri-implant health appears unconvincing. The scarcity of trials with adequate power and follow-up precludes any meaningful clinical recommendations. Thus, the routine use of probiotics for these purposes are currently unsubstantiated. Further multi-centre trials encompassing a standardised investigation on the most promising strains and administration methods, with longer observation times are required to confirm the benefits of probiotic therapy for these applications.


Assuntos
Gengivite/terapia , Peri-Implantite/terapia , Periodontite/terapia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunomodulação , Probióticos/farmacologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estomatite/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801337

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of various types of fixed prostheses on periodontal tissues and explore the association of gingival biotype and gum recession in relation to prosthesis types. The study participants (N = 95) were divided into three groups based on the type of dental prosthesis: Group-I: cobalt-chrome (Co-Cr) ceramic prosthesis fabricated by the conventional method (n = 35); Group-II: consisted of patients with Co-Cr ceramic prostheses fabricated by a computer-aided design and computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technique (n = 30); and Group-III: zirconia-based prostheses fabricated by the CAD/CAM technique (n = 30). Following the use of prostheses, periodontal examinations were performed using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and Modified Approximal Plaque Index (MAPI). In addition, the gingival biotype was examined using a probe transparency method. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), Version 20 (IBM Company, Chicago, IL, USA), was used to analyze the results, and the significance level was set at p = 0.05. It showed the MAPI results after the use of prosthetic rehabilitation for 12 months of periodontitis in 87.9% ± 15.4 of patients in Group-I, in 80.6% ± 17.97 in those in Group-II, and in 62.5% ± 21.4 in those in Group-III (p < 0.01). The CPI index results indicated a high prevalence of periodontal disease in all groups. The number of people with healthy periodontium constituted 17.1% of patients in Group-I, 24.2% in Group-II, and 37.1% in Group-III. Our study concluded that prosthetic treatment with periodontal diseases showed better outcomes while using dental prostheses fabricated by the CAD/CAM technique compared to the conventionally fabricated dental prostheses. The thin gingival biotype is more often associated with gingival recession than the thick biotype.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Materiais Dentários/química , Prótese Dentária/instrumentação , Gengivite/terapia , Ligas Metalo-Cerâmicas/química , Periodontite/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Gengivite/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite/patologia , Adulto Jovem
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