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2.
Glob Health Res Policy ; 6(1): 10, 2021 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Education institutions promptly implemented a set of steps to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among international Chinese students, such as restrictive physical exercise, mask wear, daily health reporting, etc. Success of such behavioral change campaigns largely depends on awareness building, satisfaction and trust on the authorities. The purpose of this current study is to assess the preventive, supportive and awareness-building steps taken during the COVID-19 pandemic for international students in China, that will be useful for planning such a behavioral change campaign in the potential pandemic situation in other parts of the world. METHODS: We conducted an online-based e-questionnaire survey among 467 international students in China through WeChat. The data collection duration was from February 20, 2020 to March 10, 2020 and we focused on their level of awareness, satisfaction, and trust in authorities regarding pandemic measures. Simple bivariate statistics was used to describe the background characteristics of the respondents along with adoption of the partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) as the final model to demonstrate the relationship between the variables. RESULTS: In our study, the leading group of the respondents were within 31 to 35 years' age group (39.82%), male (61.88%), living single (58.24%) and doctoral level students (39.8%). The preventive and supportive measures taken by students and/or provided by the respective institution or authorities were positively related to students' satisfaction and had an acceptable strength (ß = 0.611, t = 9.679, p < 0.001). The trust gained in authorities also showed an acceptable strength (ß = 0.381, t = 5.653, p < 0.001) with a positive direction. Again, the personnel awareness building related to both students' satisfaction (ß = 0.295, t = 2.719, p < 0.001) and trust gain (ß = 0.131, t = 1.986, p < 0.05) in authorities had a positive and acceptable intensity. Therefore, our study clearly demonstrates the great impact of preventive and supportive measures in the development of students' satisfaction (R2 = 0.507 indicating moderate relationship). The satisfied students possessed a strong influence which eventually helped in building sufficient trust on their institutions (R2 = 0.797 indicating above substantial relationship). CONCLUSIONS: The worldwide student group is one of the most affected and vulnerable communities in this situation. So, there is a profound ground of research on how different states or authorities handle such situation. In this study, we have depicted the types and magnitude of care taken by Chinese government and educational institutions towards international students to relieve the panic of pandemic situation. Further research and such initiatives should be taken in to consideration for future emerging conditions.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos de Autoajuda/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540886

RESUMO

Self-help organizations (SHOs) enable patients with chronic health conditions (PCHCs) to overcome common difficulties through the exchange of knowledge and mutual assistance, which serves as the basis for promoting the self-reliance and well-being of PCHCs. Nevertheless, practical challenges persist because little is known about what and how to evaluate for the developmental outcomes of SHOs. To address this knowledge gap, the present study seeks to develop and validate the Self-Help Organization Development Scale (SHODS). A total of 232 core members from 54 SHOs in Hong Kong participated in our study. The SHODS structure was validated by confirmatory factor analysis. This analysis derived five factors: citizen support, business support, member recovery and mutual aid, organizational health, and functional sustainability. The five-factor structure demonstrated stability across various types of SHOs, as validated by the subgroup analysis based on two criteria: duration of SHO establishment and organization affiliation. Good concurrent validity was supported by significant correlations between the SHODS factors and organizational variables, including staff supervision, staff understanding, networking, advocating, and educating the public and patients. The SHODS also showed excellent internal consistency. In conclusion, the SHODS is a psychometrically sound instrument for measuring the developmental outcomes of SHOs.


Assuntos
Grupos de Autoajuda , Doença Crônica , Análise Fatorial , Hong Kong , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Mo Med ; 118(1): 45-49, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551485

RESUMO

Healthcare providers perform lifesaving work in unusually stressful work environments due to the challenges and related risks of battling the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. The potential personal and professional toll is substantial. This article describes how one healthcare facility benefited from existing peer support resources to address workforce well-being, ensuring that resources were available to support workforce resilience throughout the protracted COVID response.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Adulto , /epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Recursos em Saúde/provisão & distribução , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/tendências , Missouri/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , /isolamento & purificação , Grupos de Autoajuda/organização & administração , Universidades/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
IEEE Pulse ; 12(1): 19-23, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606619

RESUMO

In mid-March 2020, as the novel coronavirus started making its way through the United States, Fiona Lowenstein (they/their) became ill. At that point, there was not yet any public health guidance on social distancing and wearing masks, and certainly no routine or readily accessible testing for COVID-19. Lowenstein was still interacting with others in person, and even led a yoga class. But when they became sick and were hospitalized, they were tested for SARS-CoV2 and received a positive diagnosis.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Sobreviventes , /fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Aplicativos Móveis , Grupos de Autoajuda , Mídias Sociais , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Z Gastroenterol ; 59(3): 214-224, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The support group "Arbeitskreis der Pankreatektomierten e. V. (AdP)" was founded in 1976 and is the largest group of individuals affected by pancreatic disease in Germany. Members of the AdP support patients with pancreatic disease. This patient-initiated, cross-sectional study intends to present the results of pancreatic surgery from the perspective of patients. METHODS: Since March the 3 rd, 2018, members of the AdP received a questionnaire with eleven categories of questions concerning their medical history. This data was gathered in a medical database and analysed. RESULTS: 625 members were operated upon, with 57.5 % receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy, 15.5 % distal pancreatectomy, 23.2 % total pancreatectomy, and 4.0 % another or unknown operation. 37.9 % were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, 38.2 % with another type of pancreatic tumour, 25 % with pancreatitis, 4 % with autoimmune pancreatitis and 2.7 % with other rare entities.82 patients of 237 pancreatic cancer patients survived more than 5 years. 24.5 % of the 237 patients reported have a second primary malignancy and 13.9 % have close family members with pancreatic cancer.Weight loss after pancreatic surgery was dependant on the type of operation with the greatest after pancreatectomy (17.8 ±â€Š9.5 kg). The prevalence of diabetes was 54.1 %, the incidence of new onset perioperative diabetes 33.3 %. 91.5 % needed pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, on average 189 417 IE/day. The reported quality of life was independent from type of surgery received. CONCLUSION: Following complex pancreatic surgery, patients are confronted with daily lifelong challenges. AdP members offering their shared experiences offer meaningful support to newly affected patients. Individuals affected by pancreatic disease could be an important but underutilised resource to studying these diseases.


Assuntos
Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Prevalência , Grupos de Autoajuda , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 113(2): 92-97, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371692

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: the SARS-COV-2 pandemic has forced a substantial change in the care of patients with digestive pathologies, especially for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients taking immunosuppessive medications. In this regard, some national and international guidelines have indicated the standards to be taken into account. However, few studies have evaluated how patients have dealt with this infection. Therefore, this study was performed with the aim to determine how the SARS-COV-2 pandemic has affected our IBD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: an online survey was performed among the members (295) of the Association of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis (ACCU), which consisted of 19 questions. Finally, it was completed by 168 patients. RESULTS: fifty-eight per cent of cases were female, 63.7 % had Crohn's disease (CD) and 53 % received biologic therapy. Five per cent were infected by SARS-CoV-2 and were male. The main concern of the patients was the fear of acquiring the infection (80.9 %). More than 90 % continued their treatments and half of the patients worked from home during the pandemic period. CONCLUSIONS: the perspective of the patients is necessary to achieve an adequate management and evolution of the disease. More studies are needed to assess the impact that exceptional situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may have on IBD patients in order to improve adherence and control of the disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Grupos de Autoajuda , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Subst Abuse Treat ; 120: 108156, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036878

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing measures have made in-person mutual help groups inaccessible to many individuals struggling with substance use disorders (SUDs). Prior to the pandemic, stakeholders in our community had sponsored a program to train volunteers to facilitate local Self-Management and Recovery Training (SMART Recovery) groups. As a result, the community established seven weekly SMART Recovery groups, which more than 200 community members attended. In March 2020, the community discontinued these groups due to the COVID-19 pandemic. To provide SMART Recovery during social distancing, we developed a one-on-one phone-in service for people with SUDs and addictions: the SMART Recovery Line (SMARTline). In this paper, we share our experience training volunteers to facilitate SMART Recovery groups and SMARTline. As a result of our experience, we have learned to: (1) establish plans in advance to migrate services from face-to-face settings to remote platforms; (2) consider remote platforms that are easily accessible to the greatest number of individuals; (3) include as many stakeholders in the planning process as possible; (4) consider recruiting volunteers to help in the provision of services, especially since many people want to help fellow community members during crises; and (5) anticipate and prepare for crises well before they occur.


Assuntos
Grupos de Autoajuda/organização & administração , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/reabilitação , Telemedicina/métodos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Telefone
12.
Addict Behav ; 113: 106661, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038682

RESUMO

For people with current and remitted substance use disorder (SUD), the COVID-19 pandemic increases risk for symptom exacerbation and relapse through added stressors and reduced service access. In response, mutual-help groups and recovery community organizations have increased access to online recovery support meetings. However, rigorous studies examining online recovery support meeting participation to inform best practices have not yet been conducted. In the absence of such studies, a review of relevant literature, considered in context of potential barriers and drawbacks, suggests the risk-to-benefit ratio is favorable. Particularly given limited in-person SUD service access resulting from COVID-19 precautions, online recovery support meetings may help mitigate a key public health problem during an ongoing, public health pandemic.


Assuntos
Internet , Grupos de Autoajuda , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/reabilitação , Telemedicina , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Alcoólicos Anônimos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Pública
14.
Cancer Invest ; 39(2): 133-143, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356618

RESUMO

Participating in patient self-help groups is highly recommended to patients in cancer care. Yet, engagement is relatively rare. A total of 253 patients participated in our study conducted as a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. A binominal logistic regression, with interest in participation in self-help groups being the dependent variable, was run. General interest in self-help was high among the respondents. Female gender, higher age, higher education and low self-efficacy were found to significantly predict interest in self-help. Patients reported a lack of information provided by medical professionals. Self-efficacy as a predictor might contribute to characterizing patients who might benefit from self-help group participation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoeficácia , Grupos de Autoajuda , Caracteres Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 41(317): 43-46, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308802

RESUMO

When a pathology is diagnosed at the birth of a child, the parents are confronted with an overwhelming life ordeal they have to face. A discussion group for these mothers and fathers of newborn babies who have needed a digestive stoma allows them to discuss their daily lives and share common concerns, to be reassured by the difficulties encountered, to gain confidence in the care provided and to project themselves into the future more serenely.


Assuntos
Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Grupos de Autoajuda , Apoio Social , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães/psicologia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23182, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158005

RESUMO

A patient support group (PSG) can serve the purposes of group therapy and education. However, how to evaluate outcome which can feedback to improve the PSG remains unclear. Health literacy, which is associated with patient outcome, has not been used in the evaluation of PSG.Since 2017, we had conducted a working group dedicated to the creation and improvement of PSG. We applied a questionnaire (Mandarin Multidimensional Health Literacy Questionnaire, MMHLQ) for PSGs of all kinds of diseases (5 types, 8 diseases). The outcome was evaluated by the MMHLQ (5 dimensions, 20 variables). We determined factors (age, 1st-time/non-1st-time participation, and patient/family participation) that were associated with all 20 health literacy.We finally obtained 458 questionnaires, with a response rate as high as 91.1% in 8 PSGs. Participants were 55.30 ±â€Š16.39 y/o. The highest score was with the dimension of understanding (12.25 ±â€Š1.85) and the lowest score was with the dimension of appraisal (10.66 ±â€Š2.33). Participating patients (compared to family) were associated with a higher score with "obey the instruction of medical personnel to care disease" but lower score with "find health information from the network". Moreover, older participants (age ≥65 years) had lower scores for all questions in MMHLQ, within which the dimension of appraisal received the lowest scores (P < .001).We found that the highest score is with the dimension of understanding, and the lowest score with the dimension of appraisal. The elderly participants showed lower abilities in health literacy, especially with the dimension of the appraisal. Results from MMHLQ can be used to adjust the PSG curriculum to improve the health literacy of participants.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Autorrelato , Grupos de Autoajuda , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Melhoria de Qualidade , Taiwan
17.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239811, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031426

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cancer Survivorship is a growing public health challenge. Effective responses from health care and social services depend on appropriate identification of survivors and their families´ specific needs. There are few studies on survivorship in low and middle-income countries, therefore, more evidence-based studies are necessary to develop a comprehensive approach to cancer survivorship. OBJECTIVES: Identify the needs of cancer survivors and their relatives, specifically those of individuals with breast, cervical or prostate cancer, and with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory study conducted in two referral institutions in Brazil, located in Rio de Janeiro (Southeast region) and Fortaleza (Northeast region). The study included 47 patients of public and private health services and 12 family members. We used script-based semi-structured interviews. The discursive material obtained was categorized and analyzed using the Thematic Analysis approach. RESULTS: The analysis identified three central themes: 1) consequences of cancer treatment; 2) Changes in daily life associated with cancer survivorship; and 3) Unmet structural needs in cancer survivorship. CONCLUSION: Social and cancer control policies in Brazil should provide resources, specific care standards and clinical, psychological and social support. Cancer survivors should also receive rehabilitation and work reintegration guidelines. This matter requires broader access to qualified cancer information, development of an integrated patient-centered care and care model, and more research resources for the country's post-treatment cancer period.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Padrão de Cuidado , Sobrevivência , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Família , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Grupos de Autoajuda , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(10): e22635, 2020 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting mental health, but it is not clear how people with different types of mental health problems were differentially impacted as the initial wave of cases hit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to leverage natural language processing (NLP) with the goal of characterizing changes in 15 of the world's largest mental health support groups (eg, r/schizophrenia, r/SuicideWatch, r/Depression) found on the website Reddit, along with 11 non-mental health groups (eg, r/PersonalFinance, r/conspiracy) during the initial stage of the pandemic. METHODS: We created and released the Reddit Mental Health Dataset including posts from 826,961 unique users from 2018 to 2020. Using regression, we analyzed trends from 90 text-derived features such as sentiment analysis, personal pronouns, and semantic categories. Using supervised machine learning, we classified posts into their respective support groups and interpreted important features to understand how different problems manifest in language. We applied unsupervised methods such as topic modeling and unsupervised clustering to uncover concerns throughout Reddit before and during the pandemic. RESULTS: We found that the r/HealthAnxiety forum showed spikes in posts about COVID-19 early on in January, approximately 2 months before other support groups started posting about the pandemic. There were many features that significantly increased during COVID-19 for specific groups including the categories "economic stress," "isolation," and "home," while others such as "motion" significantly decreased. We found that support groups related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, eating disorders, and anxiety showed the most negative semantic change during the pandemic out of all mental health groups. Health anxiety emerged as a general theme across Reddit through independent supervised and unsupervised machine learning analyses. For instance, we provide evidence that the concerns of a diverse set of individuals are converging in this unique moment of history; we discovered that the more users posted about COVID-19, the more linguistically similar (less distant) the mental health support groups became to r/HealthAnxiety (ρ=-0.96, P<.001). Using unsupervised clustering, we found the suicidality and loneliness clusters more than doubled in the number of posts during the pandemic. Specifically, the support groups for borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder became significantly associated with the suicidality cluster. Furthermore, clusters surrounding self-harm and entertainment emerged. CONCLUSIONS: By using a broad set of NLP techniques and analyzing a baseline of prepandemic posts, we uncovered patterns of how specific mental health problems manifest in language, identified at-risk users, and revealed the distribution of concerns across Reddit, which could help provide better resources to its millions of users. We then demonstrated that textual analysis is sensitive to uncover mental health complaints as they appear in real time, identifying vulnerable groups and alarming themes during COVID-19, and thus may have utility during the ongoing pandemic and other world-changing events such as elections and protests.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Grupos de Autoajuda/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/epidemiologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Circ Heart Fail ; 13(9): e007516, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894988

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic imposed severe restrictions on traditional methods of patient care. During the pandemic, the heart failure program at New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York, NY rapidly and comprehensively transitioned its care delivery model and administrative organization to conform to a new healthcare environment while still providing high-quality care to a large cohort of patients with heart failure, heart transplantation, and left ventricular assist device. In addition to the widespread adoption of telehealth, our program restructured outpatient care, initiating a shared clinic model and introducing a comprehensive remote monitoring program to manage patients with heart failure and heart transplant. All conferences, including administrative meetings, support groups, and educational seminars were converted to teleconferencing platforms. Following the peak of COVID-19, many of the new changes have been maintained, and the program structure will be permanently altered as a lasting effect of this pandemic. In this article, we review the details of our program's transition in the face of COVID-19 and highlight the programmatic changes that will endure.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Transplante de Coração , Coração Auxiliar , Humanos , Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Pandemias , Médicos , Papel Profissional , Grupos de Autoajuda , Telecomunicações , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Comunicação por Videoconferência
20.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237519, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810162

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Microfinance is a widely promoted developmental initiative to provide poor women with affordable financial services for poverty alleviation. One popular adaption in South Asia is the Self-Help Group (SHG) model that India adopted in 2011 as part of a federal poverty alleviation program and as a secondary approach of integrating health literacy services for rural women. However, the evidence is limited on who joins and continues in SHG programs. This paper examines the determinants of membership and staying members (outcomes) in an integrated microfinance and health literacy program from one of India's poorest and most populated states, Uttar Pradesh across a range of explanatory variables related to economic, socio-demographic and area-level characteristics. METHOD: Using secondary survey data from the Uttar Pradesh Community Mobilization project comprising of 15,300 women from SHGs and Non-SHG households in rural India, we performed multivariate logistic and hurdle negative binomial regression analyses to model SHG membership and duration. RESULTS: While in general poor women are more likely to be SHG members based on an income threshold limit (government-sponsored BPL cards), women from poorest households are more likely to become members, but less likely to stay members, when further classified using asset-based wealth quintiles. Additionally, poorer households compared to the marginally poor are less likely to become SHG members when borrowing for any reason, including health reasons. Only women from moderately poor households are more likely to continue as members if borrowing for health and non-income-generating reasons. The study found that an increasing number of previous pregnancies is associated with a higher membership likelihood in contrast to another study from India reporting a negative association. CONCLUSION: The study supports the view that microfinance programs need to examine their inclusion and retention strategies in favour of poorest household using multidimensional indicators that can capture poverty in its myriad forms.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Organização do Financiamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Grupos de Autoajuda/organização & administração , Adolescente , Adulto , Características da Família , Feminino , Organização do Financiamento/organização & administração , Letramento em Saúde/economia , Letramento em Saúde/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Índia/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/economia , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/provisão & distribução , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pobreza/economia , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos de Autoajuda/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
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