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1.
Psicothema ; 32(4): 501-507, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A pandemic disaster has specific effects on mental health, however, little is known about those specific effects in children and adolescents. Thus, the aim of this study is to describe the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a sample of children and adolescents and to compare the results with previous national data and other studies to determine variations. METHOD: A total of 459 children and adolescents in residential care, foster families, kinship families, or family strengthening programs under SOS Children's Villages Spain were evaluated using the SDQ to measure internalizing and externalizing problems and using KIDSCREEN-10 index to measure heath related quality of life. An independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and the chi-square test were used. RESULTS: The children and adolescents in this study had worse psychological wellbeing than those in the 2017 Spanish reference, that is, before the COVID-19 outbreak. Quality of life remained the same. No differences between care modalities were found. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to monitor the mental health status of children and adolescents to prevent possible problems. Additionally, it is necessary to use well-known assessment instruments because it is essential to have a reference to other situations and populations.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Criança Adotada/psicologia , Criança Acolhida/psicologia , Criança Institucionalizada/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Adolescente , Criança , Características da Família , Feminino , Cuidados no Lar de Adoção , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Instituições Residenciais , Espanha , Populações Vulneráveis
2.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 3): 364-366, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030454

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a spectrum disorder whose symptoms show psychological, neurobiological dysregulation and poorer functionality of a person on the social plane. PTSD characteristics are symptoms from four clusters: symptoms of intrusiveness, avoidance, negative changes in cognition and mood and changes in excitability and reactivity. Traumatic experiences of war veterans can have an impact on the development of psychopathology in their children's lives. The impact of posttraumatic stress disorder of war veterans is negatively manifested in a broader sense through secondary traumatization and is manifested differently in relation to the period of childhood and adolescence. The period of childhood and adolescence represents a delicate and dynamic period that requires adaptation and functionality in adulthood. The epidemiological studies so far indicate the link between the post-traumatic stress disorder of war veterans with the mental problems of their children.


Assuntos
Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Veteranos/psicologia , Adolescente , Bósnia e Herzegóvina , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 164-166, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It seems important to understand how was the life of young people during the Antiquity, in the Greek cities and in Rome. Furthermore, it can be useful to find if there is a stage that marks the transition to adulthood. Finally, as the Romans are considerate to be great codifiers of laws, it seems important to study the Roman law to understand the legal conception of adolescence at this period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A literature review has been done about studies published between 1962 and 2015. Those publications were found in some historical databases (as Persée, Cairns, J-Stor, OpenEdition) and in academic libraries. RESULTS: In the Greek cities, the adolescent, at 18 years old, has to do a military service called the ephebia. At the end of this formation, the young man, aged of 20 years old, comes back to his city. However, he has to continue his (intellectual) training until about his 30 years old. Generally, at this age, a man marries a young girl and becomes a respected adult. In the Roman law, there is no conception of legal age for the majority: the young people stay under the authority of the pater familias (father of the family) until the death of the father. If the father is dead: the boy becomes a pupil and has a specific juridical status until his 25 years. Two important stages exist for the young Romans: wearing the toga virilis (toga of manhood) and the wedding. CONCLUSIONS: There is an evolution in the perception of the adolescence during the Antiquity: for the Greeks, the adolescence ends at 20 years old with an important stage, the ephebia. In the Roman law, there is no legal age because everyone lives under the authority of the pater familias.


Assuntos
História Antiga , Psicologia do Adolescente , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Masculino , Casamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 247-253, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The GHQ-12 is one of the most widely used questionnaires in the adult population, but there are not as many studies exploring its applicability in adolescents. The main problem is the diversity of results on its factorial structure, as different studies have shown one, two or three dimensions. The purpose of this study was to explore the GHQ-12 factorial structure for adolescents. METHOD: An observational multicenter cross-sectional descriptive study was designed for schools in the city of Madrid. A random sample of n = 2,171, 14-16-year-olds was stratified by the school's development level and funding (public, private or mixed). Unrestricted factor analysis was applied based on the polychoric or tetrachoric correlations matrix (depending on the test scoring method). RESULTS: The optimized parallel analysis provided an unequivocal one-factor structure, confirmed by unidimensionality assessment. Around 30% of male and 42% of female adolescents were found to be at risk of developing mental health problems. CONCLUSIONS: The GHQ-12 is a one-dimensional test for screening psychological distress, with excellent psychometric properties for its application in an adolescent population. The use of adequate statistical methods can overcome old controversies and promote proper application and interpretation of the results provided by the test


OBJETIVO: El General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) es de los cuestionarios más utilizados en la población adulta, pero hay pocos estudios que exploren su aplicabilidad en adolescentes. El principal problema es la diversidad de resultados en su estructura factorial, ya que diferentes estudios han encontrado una, dos o tres dimensiones. El propósito de este estudio fue explorar la estructura factorial del GHQ-12 en adolescentes. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo observacional multicéntrico transversal para centros educativos de la ciudad de Madrid. Se estratificó una muestra aleatoria de n = 2171 jóvenes de 14-16 años según el nivel de desarrollo y financiación de la escuela (pública, privada o mixta). Se aplicó un análisis factorial sin restricciones basado en la matriz de correlaciones policóricas o tetracóricas (dependiendo del método de puntuación de la prueba). RESULTADOS: El análisis paralelo optimizado proporcionó una estructura inequívocamente unifactorial. El 30% de los varones y el 42% de las adolescentes presentaban riesgo de mala salud mental. CONCLUSIONES: El GHQ-12 es un test uni-dimensional para el cribado del riesgo de mala salud mental, con excelentes propiedades psicométricas para su aplicación en población adolescente. El uso de métodos estadísticos adecuados puede superar viejas controversias y promover la correcta interpretación de los resultados de la prueba


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicologia do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Fatorial , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Precoce
5.
J Adolesc Health ; 67(4): 514-518, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753347

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak impacts physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between the levels of social support and mental health among Chinese adolescents during the outbreak. METHODS: A total of 7,202 adolescents aged 14-18 years completed online survceys from March 8 to 15, 2020, in China. Researchers assessed the associations between depression symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), anxiety symptoms (Chinese version of the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale), and social support (Social Support Rate Scale). RESULTS: COVID-19 exposure was associated with a higher prevalence of depression symptoms (odds ratio [OR] = 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-1.66) and anxiety symptoms (OR = 1.26, 95% CI: 1.04-1.52). Only 24.6% of adolescents reported high levels of social support. Most adolescents (70%) reported medium levels of support, and 5.4% reported low support. Low support was associated with higher prevalence of depression (OR = 4.24, 95% CI: 3.38-5.33) and anxiety symptoms (OR = 3.18, 95% CI: 2.54-3.98), while controlling for gender, grade, living situation, and COVID-19 exposure; similarly, medium support was associated with higher prevalence of depression (OR = 2.79, 95% CI: 2.48-3.15) and anxiety (OR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.94-2.48) symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates there is a higher prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents with medium and low levels of social support in China during the outbreak of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
7.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(3): 187-188, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791558

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a pervasive effect on young people's mental health and well-being, giving rise to feelings of deep uncertainty and lack of control. Inspired by Amartya Sen's capabilities framework, we argue that building capacity and creating opportunities for community and civic engagement during this time will help young people gain agency and well-being. We highlight two key areas for participatory engagement: coproduction of research, and peer-led interventions. Providing capabilities for young people's agency not only builds personal resilience, but also strengthens the quality of our research, interventions and overall response to the global health crisis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicologia do Adolescente , Resiliência Psicológica , Incerteza , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Participação da Comunidade , Humanos , Psicologia da Criança
8.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237713, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813685

RESUMO

Germinal studies have described the prevalence of sex-based harassment in high schools and its associations with adverse outcomes in adolescents. Studies have focused on students, with little attention given to the actions of high schools themselves. Though journalists responded to the #MeToo movement by reporting on schools' betrayal of students who report misconduct, this topic remains understudied by researchers. Gender harassment is characterized by sexist remarks, sexually crude or offensive behavior, gender policing, work-family policing, and infantilization. Institutional betrayal is characterized by the failure of an institution, such as a school, to protect individuals dependent on the institution. We investigated high school gender harassment and institutional betrayal reported retrospectively by 535 current undergraduates. Our primary aim was to investigate whether institutional betrayal moderates the relationship between high school gender harassment and current trauma symptoms. In our pre-registered hypotheses (https://osf.io/3ds8k), we predicted that (1) high school gender harassment would be associated with more current trauma symptoms and (2) institutional betrayal would moderate this relationship such that high levels of institutional betrayal would be associated with a stronger association between high school gender harassment and current trauma symptoms. Consistent with our first hypothesis, high school gender harassment significantly predicted college trauma-related symptoms. An equation that included participant gender, race, age, high school gender harassment, institutional betrayal, and the interaction of gender harassment and institutional betrayal also significantly predicted trauma-related symptoms. Contrary to our second hypothesis, the interaction term was non-significant. However, institutional betrayal predicted unique variance in current trauma symptoms above and beyond the other variables. These findings indicate that both high school gender harassment and high school institutional betrayal are independently associated with trauma symptoms, suggesting that intervention should target both phenomena.


Assuntos
Ética Institucional , Má Conduta Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas/ética , Assédio Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Instituições Acadêmicas/organização & administração , Sexismo/psicologia , Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Assédio Sexual/prevenção & controle , Assédio Sexual/psicologia , Denúncia de Irregularidades/psicologia
9.
J Environ Public Health ; 2020: 4708091, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774393

RESUMO

Background: A significant number of adolescents as well as young men and women aged 10 to 24 years die each year in the world due to avoidable sexual and reproductive health problems such as unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. This is attributed to low access to and/or uptake of sexual and reproductive health services. Objective: To assess parent-adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues and associated factors among secondary and preparatory school students in Dabat town, northwest Ethiopia, 2018. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April 1 to 10, 2018, using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected from 550 participants using structured, pretested, and self-administered questionnaire; entered into Epi Info version 7; and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Both bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were employed, and variables with less than 0.05 P value in the multivariable regression were considered as statistically significant. Adjusted odds ratio with 95% CI was used to determine the strengths and directions of associations. Result: This study revealed that 48.5% of the participants discussed sexual and reproductive health issues with parents. Male sex (AOR = 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1-2.25), family income greater than ETB 1,000 (AOR = 1.6; 95% CI: 1.02-2.57), good knowledge of sexual and reproductive health (AOR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.03-2.09), and favorable attitude to sexual and reproductive health issues (AOR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.29-2.67) were factors significantly associated with parent-adolescent communication on the issues. Conclusion: This study showed that the proportion of parent-adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues was low. Male sex, family income greater than ETB 1,000, and good knowledge and favorable attitude of adolescents had significant association with the communication.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Relações Pais-Filho , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autorrelato , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(3): 173-174, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681578

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has brought about healthcare, economic, and psychological crises around the world. The psychological impact on adolescents is likely going to be uneven across different societies, as cultures vary in terms of their dominant learning style that may influence how people cope with uncertainty and perceive their sense of control. We postulate that for adolescents in individualistic cultures where individual learning prevails, their sense of control might be undermined by societal disease-control regulations that restrict personal freedoms, while adolescents' sense of control might increase via participating in societal preventive efforts in collectivistic cultures where social learning is more prevalent. Individual differences regarding one's sense of control would, in turn, have implications for adolescents' short-term adjustments to COVID-19-related challenges and their future development.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle Interno-Externo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicologia do Adolescente , Incerteza , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus/etnologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Liberdade , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/etnologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
11.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(4): 321-338, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615895

RESUMO

Promoting Self-Regulation of Adolescents in School Through Mindfulness. Evaluation of the Mindfulness Training "8-sam" Mindfulness describes the psychological process of purposely bringing one's attention to the present experiences with an accepting, non-judgmental attitude. As such, it has attracted increasing interest in educational institutions. The present study aims to evaluate a mindfulness training for adolescents in a German high school. For this purpose, the program "8-sam" has been developed. Feasibility, acceptance and efficacy of this four-week training were examined in a sample of 48 ninth-grade students. Self-ratings of mindfulness, chronic stress, emotion regulation and health, as well as behavioral measures of attention and mind-wandering of the intervention group (n = 22) were compared to the wait control group (n = 24) before, immediately and 6 weeks after the training. As indicated by self-designed evaluation questionnaires, the training proved to be well accepted and implementable at school. The intervention group showed less mind-wandering after the training than the control group. The findings offer implications for future research and the application of mindfulness trainings in schools. Implementing mindfulness in the daily school routine promises to support self-regulatory processes and thus, strengthen the resilience of children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , Psicologia do Adolescente , Serviços de Saúde Mental Escolar , Autocontrole , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Viabilidade , Alemanha , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(4): 289-304, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615896

RESUMO

School-based Mindfulness Programs for Children and Adolescents Mindfulness is a mental state achieved by focusing one's awareness on the present moment, while calmly acknowledging and accepting one's bodily sensations, sensory feedback, thoughts, and feelings. Mindfulness interventions can improve proprioception, direction of attention, and emotion regulation. An accepting attitude towards thoughts and feelings reduces the experience of stress so that it is easier to cope with stressful situations. The regular practice of mindfulness exercises affects neurobiological mechanisms, which can lead to an improvement of executive functions as well as psychological health. Metaanalyses provide evidence of small effects of mindfulness interventions in schools, both in cognitive areas (executive functions, concentration, memory) and in emotional areas (anxiety, depressivity, wellbeing). The focus of this review article is on German and English-language mindfulness programmes for children and adolescents in schools, which have already been the subject of initial evaluation studies. This study presents the programmes Paws b, Mind Up, and Mehr Ruhe for children, and .b, Mind Up, AISCHU, and 8sam for adolescents, together with their evaluation results. The conclusion discusses open questions concerning conceptual and methodological issues.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Atenção Plena , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Serviços de Saúde Mental Escolar , Adolescente , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/terapia , Criança , Cognição , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/terapia , Emoções , Função Executiva , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
13.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(3): 167-168, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654361

RESUMO

Italy was the first country in Europe to deal with COVID-19. Measures taken by the government to contain the spread of the virus were based mainly on quarantine and social distancing, with dramatic economic, social and psychological consequences. Since March, Italian children and adolescents are facing school closures, which have caused a disruption in the daily lives of millions of young people and their families. To date, despite the slow reopening, the government has decided to maintain school closures for the entire academic year, leaving the future of young people in uncertainty. There is already some evidence that quarantine and social isolation are having negative impact on children's and adolescents' psychological well-being. Moreover, this situation will mainly affect those children and adolescents with pre-existing vulnerabilities and those suffering of mental disorders. It is imperative to keep young people's needs at the core of reconstruction plans, allowing them to return to school safely, and providing them with some strategies to heal and dealing with this stressful and potentially traumatic situation.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente , Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Humanos , Itália , Isolamento Social/psicologia
14.
Soins Psychiatr ; 41(327): 39-43, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718462

RESUMO

Teenagers sometimes show us, in quite dramatic fashion, the upheavals they face as they embark on the difficult journey towards adulthood. Removed from parental directions and ideals, they need to follow their own subjective compass, in a social relationship where anxiety is ever present. Far from being indifferent to the world, they offer a lucid insight into its flaws and false pretences, in a distraught search for meaning. In this state of vulnerability and internal disarray, they can be exposed to the risk of fanaticism and deadly beliefs which promise a resolution to the chaos of their existence. The use of screens as a place to hide behind, segregational communities, toxic pathways, like an artificial veil on the world, are all dangerous solutions to which the teenager may turn.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Humanos
15.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(7): 411-414, 2020.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658880

RESUMO

CoViD-19 is a disease caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), originated from China in December 2019. In March 2020, CoViD-19 was declared a pandemic, having spread all over the word. The psychological impact of CoViD-19 disease must be recognized alongside the physical symptoms for all those affected. Furhermore quarantine for coronavirus has serious psychological side effects, such as depression and anxiety that are more likely to occur and worsen. Furhermore quarantine reduces the availability of psychiatric and psychological interventions. The evidence base for telepsychiatry is growing in adults and adolescents. A growing body of literature suggests that use of telepsychiatry to provide mental health services has the potential to remove geographic barriers between patients and providers and improves quality care. It has increased the volume of patients that physicians can reach and diagnose, as well as allowing them to treat patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psiquiatria/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Morte , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Psiquiatria/organização & administração , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Quarentena/psicologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707722

RESUMO

The word scouting refers to the Scout movement, born more than a hundred years ago, which educates millions of young people between the ages of six and twenty-one in their leisure time. We aimed to study the effects of scouting on the academic results, social skills, and self-esteem of high school youths compared to a non-scout sample. The selected sample consisted of 430 secondary students aged between thirteen and seventeen. Self-esteem and social skills were measured, and the average mark of the total sample was analysed. After the study, it was shown that belonging to the scout movement significantly influences the improvement of academic results in formal education and conflict resolution; however, there are no statistically significant differences in self-esteem and other social skills.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Autoimagem , Habilidades Sociais , Adolescente , Humanos , Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos , Psicologia do Adolescente , Estudantes
18.
Comunidad (Barc., Internet) ; 22(1): 0-0, mar.-jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193588

RESUMO

Presentamos un proyecto intersectorial de minimización de riesgos en dos grupos de adolescentes en riesgo social en el barrio de San Pablo (Zaragoza). Para ello realizamos diversos talleres formativos e intervenciones con agentes del barrio sobre conductas saludables, mediación del conflicto, comunicación, salud afectivo-sexual, etc., con adolescentes con graves dificultades de convivencia en su centro escolar, donde ya habían agotado los posibles apoyos socioeducativos. Con estas actividades formativas realizadas con ellos y sus familias se ha propiciado una relación más saludable con su entorno educativo y social, mejorando su relación con el mismo, la comunicación y el autocuidado. En algún caso se ha conseguido dar continuidad al proceso educativo, a pesar de las limitaciones existentes. El trabajo intersectorial es una herramienta básica para abordar el cuidado del bienestar de poblaciones en riesgo de exclusión social


We report an intersectoral collaboration intended to minimize risks in two groups of adolescents at social risk in the San Pablo neighbourhood (Zaragoza). We conducted a series of workshops and interventions, in coordination with agents in the neighbourhood, on healthy behaviours, conflict mediation, communication and sexual and emotional health. These were targeted at adolescents with serious coexistence challenges in the classroom, where they had already exhausted all socio-educational support opportunities. With these educational activities aimed at the adolescents and their families we achieved a healthier relationship with their social and educational environment, which improved communication and self-care. In some instances, we were able to provide continuity to their educational process, despite existing limitations. Intersectoral collaboration is a basic tool to tackle the welfare of populations at risk of social exclusion


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Participação da Comunidade , Conflito Psicológico , Comportamento do Adolescente , Psicologia do Adolescente , Promoção da Saúde
19.
Rev. psiquiatr. infanto-juv ; 37(2): 30-44, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191740

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: El artículo describe un modelo de intervención temprana para la prevención de patología, y promoción de la resiliencia, tras los terremotos de la isla de Puerto Rico en enero de 2020. El 7 de enero de 2020 un terremoto de magnitud 6,4 en la escala Richter, sacudió la isla de Puerto Rico. Como consecuencia, gran parte de la población sufrió desplazamientos de sus domicilios y cierres de muchas escuelas. Todo ello sobre lo ya anteriormente vivido, como el Huracán María en 2017, aumentando así su carga de estrés alostática. Tras la ayuda inicial de los cuerpos de rescate, se detecta la necesidad de apoyo psicológico a la población y a profesionales proveedores de dicho apoyo. MÉTODOS: Contando con una precaria infraestructura, se decide realizar una intervención con el objetivo de proporcionar información del impacto del estrés traumático en el organismo, así como ejercicios prácticos de mindfulness dirigidos a dichos profesionales. El programa integra lecciones de la Terapia de Claves Traumáticas y ejercicios del currículo Pure Power. RESULTADOS: Se confirma, a través de un cuestionario de satisfacción, la necesidad de este tipo de programas, y se valora extrapolar el modelo a otras poblaciones de riesgo similares, en términos de evitar las consecuencias del trauma, disminuir la carga alostática, y prevenir y promocionar la salud mental. Se sugiere realizar próximas formaciones de ampliación de este programa, para confirmar su efectividad y mantenimiento en el tiempo


INTRODUCTION: This article describes an early intervention model for the prevention of pathology, and for the promotion of resilience, after the earthquakes on the island of Puerto Rico in January 2020. On January 7, 2020, an earthquake of magnitude 6.4 on the Richter scale struck the island of Puerto Rico. As a consequence of the seismic movement, an important part of the population, suffered displacements from their homes and closing of schools. In addition to what they previously lived through, such as Hurricane Maria in 2017, increasing their burden of allostatic stress. After initial help from the rescue forces, a need to provide psychological support to the population and to the professionals involved in giving that psychological support, was detected. METHODS: Starting from a precarious infrastructure, it was decided to implement an intervention with the objective of providing information on the impact of traumatic stress on the individual, along with practical mindfulness exercises. The program integrated lessons from Cue-Centered Therapy with exercises from the Pure Power curriculum. RESULTS: Through a satisfaction questionnaire, the need of these type of programs was confirmed. The implementation of these prevention programs should be considered when planning to intervene with other similar populations at risk. Thus, avoiding the consequences of trauma, reducing the allostatic load in the individual, and preventing and promoting mental health and resilience. The discussion introduces the need to develop follow-up procedures, to confirm the effectiveness and maintenance over time


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Pandemias , Pesar , Psicologia da Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente
20.
Encephale ; 46(3S): S85-S92, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the French government has decided a general lockdown. This unprecedented situation has raised concerns about children's and adolescent's mental health. Children and adolescents diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may find this context of restrained activity particularly tricky. The objectives of our study are to gather information about the well-being and global life conditions of children and adolescents with ADHD during the COVID-19 outbreak in France. METHODS: We designed a survey including both open-ended questions and questionnaire items for parents of children and adolescents with ADHD. Parents responded to the following open-ended questions: 1) "How is your child doing since the lockdown?" 2) "How is life at home since the lockdown?" 3) "If you had a remote service provision with a mental health professional (e.g. by telephone or video technology), please share your thoughts and any suggestions with us" 4) "Please share any other items that you think are important about ADHD symptoms of your child and the lockdown situation". This survey was posted on social media on the 6th of April and disseminated by French ADHD-parent and patient organizations. The present article reports the descriptive, qualitative and textometrical analyses of the survey. RESULTS: Between day 20 and 30 of lockdown, 538 parents responded to the survey, and we included 533 responses in the final analysis. The vast majority of responders were women 95 % (95 % CI 93,50; 97,18) with children whose mean age was 10,5 (95 % CI 7.58; 13.44). Since the lockdown, 34.71 % (95 % CI 30.70; 38.94) of children experienced a worsening in well-being, 34.33 % (95 % CI 30.34; 38.56) showed no significant changes and 30.96 % (95 % CI 27.09; 35.10) were doing better according to their parents. The thematic analysis showed that an improvement of their children's anxiety was one of the main topics addressed by parents. This improvement related to less school-related strain and flexible schedules that respected their children's rhythm. Improved self-esteem was another topic that parents linked with a lesser exposure of their children to negative feed-back. Parents repeatedly reported both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. However, optimal lockdown life conditions seemed to compensate for the impact of ADHD symptoms (e.g. sufficient space at home, presence of a garden). Some parents reported worsening of general well-being in their children, and this manifested as oppositional/defiant attitudes and emotional outbursts. Parents also cited sleep problems and anxiety in this context. As regards everyday life during lock-down, at-home schooling was another major topic-parents described that their children struggled to complete school-related tasks and that teachers seemed to have forgotten about academic accommodations. The lockdown situation seems to have raised parents' awareness of the role of inattention and ADHD symptoms in their children's learning difficulties. Due to potential selection biases, the results of our survey may not be generalizable to all children and adolescents with ADHD. The main strengths of this rapid survey-based study lies in the reactivity of the participants and the quality and diversity of their responses to the open-ended questions. CONCLUSIONS: According to their parents, most children and adolescents with ADHD experience stability or improvement of their well-being. An improvement in school-related anxiety and the flexible adjustment to the children's' rhythms as well as parents' increased awareness of the difficulties their children experience are among the key topics in parents' descriptions.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Atitude , Tédio , Criança , Educação , Relações Familiares , Feminino , França , Habitação , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Autoimagem , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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