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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360626

RESUMO

Neurodevelopmental exposure to psychoactive compounds in cannabis, specifically THC, is associated with a variety of long-term psychopathological outcomes. This increased risk includes a higher prevalence of schizophrenia, mood and anxiety disorders, and cognitive impairments. Clinical and pre-clinical research continues to identify a wide array of underlying neuropathophysiological sequelae and mechanisms that may underlie THC-related psychiatric risk vulnerability, particularly following adolescent cannabis exposure. A common theme among these studies is the ability of developmental THC exposure to induce long-term adaptations in the mesocorticolimbic system which resemble pathological endophenotypes associated with these disorders. This narrative review will summarize recent clinical and pre-clinical evidence that has elucidated these THC-induced developmental risk factors and examine how specific pharmacotherapeutic interventions may serve to reverse or perhaps prevent these cannabis-related risk outcomes.


Assuntos
Cannabis/efeitos adversos , Dronabinol/efeitos adversos , GABAérgicos/uso terapêutico , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/induzido quimicamente , Psicologia do Adolescente , Animais , Humanos , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371936

RESUMO

Food preferences are among the strongest predictors of the food choices of adolescents. These are associated with appetitive traits (food approach and avoidance) to some extent. However, no research has been conducted so far analyzing the association between food preferences and appetitive traits of adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between food preferences and appetitive traits in adolescents (aged 15-20 years) within the Polish Adolescents' COVID-19 Experience (PLACE-19) Study population. The PLACE-19 Study was carried out in a population-based sample of 2448 secondary school students sampled across the country (random quota sampling). Food preferences (including the preference for vegetables, fruit, meat/fish, dairy, snacks, and starches) of the adolescents were assessed using the validated Food Preference Questionnaire (FPQ) while their appetitive traits (hunger, food responsiveness, emotional overeating, enjoyment of food, satiety responsiveness, emotional undereating, food fussiness, slowness in eating) were assessed using the validated Adult Eating Behavior Questionnaire (AEBQ). The k-means clustering was performed to identify the homogenous clusters of respondents based on their preferences, and linear regression was performed to determine the relationship between food preferences and appetitive traits with a model adjusted for sex and age. Based on their preferences, three homogenous clusters of respondents were defined: low-preferring respondents (low preference for all food categories), respondents preferring snacking foods (low preference for all food categories, except for fruit and snacks), and high-preferring respondents (high preference for all food categories). The low-preferring respondents showed the lowest values for all appetitive traits (p = 0.0008), as well as the lowest total score (p = 0.0001), except for food fussiness, for which they showed the highest value (p = 0.0008). All preference scores were positively associated with traits such as hunger, food responsiveness, enjoyment of food, and emotional under-eating, while negatively associated with food fussiness (all p < 0.05). The largest amount of variance was observed for preference for dairy (14.6%; R2 = 0.146, p = 0.008) and snacks with respect to enjoyment of food (16.2%; R2 = 0.162, p = 0.008), for vegetable with respect to food fussiness (22%; R2 = 0.220, p = 0.008), and for meat/fish with respect to enjoyment of food (19.9%; R2 = 0.199, p = 0.008) and food fussiness combined (19.1%; R2 = 0.191, p = 0.008). These results support the association of food preferences with both food approach traits and food avoidance traits.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Preferências Alimentares/fisiologia , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia/epidemiologia , Psicologia do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 24(7): 493-498, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264769

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of technology use for relationship maintenance on the longitudinal associations among self-isolation during the coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) pandemic and romantic relationship quality among adolescents. Participants were 239 (120 female; M age = 16.69, standard deviation [SD] = 0.61; 60 percent Caucasian) 11th and 12th graders from three midwestern high schools. To qualify for this study, adolescents had to be in the same romantic relationship for the duration of the study, ∼7 months (M length of relationship = 10.03 months). Data were collected in October of 2019 (Time 1) and again 7 months later in May of 2020 (Time 2). Adolescents completed a romantic relationship questionnaire at Time 1 and again at Time 2, along with questionnaires on frequency of self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic and use of technology for romantic relationship maintenance. Findings revealed that increases in self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic related positively to the use of technology for romantic relationship maintenance and negatively to Time 2 romantic relationship quality. High use of technology for romantic relationship maintenance buffered against the negative effects of self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescents' romantic relationship quality 7 months later, whereas low use strengthened the negative relationship between self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic and romantic relationship quality. These findings suggest the importance of considering the implications of societal crisis or pandemics on adolescents' close relationships, particularly their romantic relationships.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Corte/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Amigos/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , Tecnologia
4.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 26(3): 272-273, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128310

RESUMO

Following COVID-19, there has been increasing concern about the well-being of children and young people across the United Kingdom; however, our major problem is the lack of robust data. We discuss emerging research capturing the impact of restrictions and experiences of COVID-19 on children and young people. We suggest further and more detailed analysis is urgently required to inform an evidence-based response. We conclude that although most of the UK's kids are probably OK, it is essential that those who are in need of support receive timely and informed intervention.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/epidemiologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Família , Conflito Familiar , Feminino , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Reino Unido
7.
Recenti Prog Med ; 112(5): 360-370, 2021 05.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the first semester 2020 almost all country implemented rigid measures of social distances, including schools closure, to limit the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Up to now, however, the efficacy of school closure to reduce the spread of the disease in the community still remains unclear and no much is known about the potential negative effects of such measures on physical health and psychological wellbeing of youths, mainly if protracted for long periods. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the data of a systematic review on the impact of the 2020 school closure and social distances measures implemented in response to covid-19 pandemic on youths' physical health and psychological wellbeing. In the present paper we describe the impact on psychological wellbeing. METHODS: We searched 11 international databases up to 1st September 2020 to retrieve cohort studies, cross sectional surveys, uncontrolled pre-post studies and modelling studies. Methodological quality of included studies has been assessed with validated checklists. RESULTS: Sixty-four studies have been included; 27 assessed the impact on psychological wellbeing. All the studies have been conducted during the first wave of pandemic and assessed the short-term effect of social distances measures implemented for relatively short periods. The majority of the studies were conducted in the UK (37,6%) and China (27%). The 42.3% has been judged of high methodological quality. Two studies reported an increase of suicides, while two studies reported a reduction of the access to Psychiatric Emergency Department, Maltreatment allegations decreased substantially, likely due to a reduction in reports rather than actual incidence. Prevalence of anxiety among adolescents ranged between 19% and 64%, depression between 22.3% and 43.7%. Among children 5-12 years old, prevalence of anxiety varied between 19% and 78%, while depression between 6.3% and 22.6%. Among pre-school children, some studies found worsening of behavioural and emotional problems while others did not. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the studies reported relevant worsening of the psychological wellbeing, mainly among adolescents. If school closure and rigid social distances measures will extend for a long time, an even more pronounced negative effect can be expected. Further studies are needed on the long-term effect of prolonged social distances measures, as well as a careful harm-benefit analysis of the impact of such measures.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Distanciamento Físico , Adolescente , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Depressão/epidemiologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Abuso Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Quarentena , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Psychol ; 155(5): 457-472, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960913

RESUMO

This study used a two-wave, longitudinal design to examine the relationships between parenting behaviors (parental autonomy support, parental behavioral control, and parental psychological control) and Chinese adolescents' creativity, and the mechanism underlying the relationships. A total of 258 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 13.35, 48% girls) participated in the present study. The study measured the parenting behaviors received by the participants, their autonomous motivation, and creativity using the Parenting Scale, the Self-Regulatory Style Questionnaire-Academic, and the verbal and figural Divergent Thinking Tests, respectively. Structural equation models revealed that parental autonomy support and parental behavioral control had positive effects on Chinese adolescents' creativity one year later, whereas the relationship between parental psychological control and creativity one year later was not significant. In addition, parental autonomy support and parental behavioral control contributed to adolescents' creativity through the mediating effect of autonomous motivation. Findings from the present study help clarify developmental pathways linking parenting behaviors to adolescents' creativity in Chinese culture.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Poder Familiar , Adolescente , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação , Relações Pais-Filho , Psicologia do Adolescente
9.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 119(3): 170-176, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033416

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: From an infectious perspective, children and adolescents were not highly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, social isolation measures have deeply changed their lifestyle, which is believed to have a psychological impact on them. The objective was to assess the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the emotional health of children and adolescents attending primary or secondary school. POPULATION AND METHODS: Parents of children and adolescents from San Carlos de Bariloche participated in the study. Adults' perception of the emotional and behavioral impact of lockdown on children and adolescents, changes in sleeping habits, screen use, sports-related activities, eating, and medical consultations, was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 267 parents were included. Of them, 96.3 % noticed emotional and behavioral changes. The most common ones were that their children were more bored (76.8 %), more irritable (59.2 %), more reluctant (56.9 %), and angrier (54.7 %). It was observed that they woke up and went to bed later, and slept 30 minutes more. Moreover, leisure screen use increased by 3 hours on weekdays. Time dedicated to physical activities did not change, but the type of activities did: swimming and team sports were replaced by biking, walking, and skiing. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 lockdown affected the emotional health and habits of children and adolescents. Boredom, irritability, and reluctance were more present during lockdown. The possibility of doing outdoor physical activities allowed them to keep practicing sports.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente/tendências , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Saúde da Criança/tendências , Educação à Distância , Saúde Mental/tendências , Distanciamento Físico , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pais , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Instituições Acadêmicas , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Neural Transm (Vienna) ; 128(7): 1033-1043, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885969

RESUMO

The COVID-19 outbreak and lockdown have been associated with multiple consequences for mental health, including an excessive and potentially harmful increase in screen media use. The specific consequences for children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD are still unknown. In the first part of this study, a short review of problematic use of the internet (PUI) in ADHD is presented, showing that patients with ADHD are at risk for different aspects of PUI, such as excessive gaming or problematic social media use. In the second part, we report original data of an online survey on screen media use before, during and after the lockdown completed by parents of children and adolescents clinically referred for ADHD. Parents rated children's/adolescents' media-related behavior and media time on a new screening questionnaire for PUI. Each item was rated three times, referring to the observed behavior before, during and 1-2 months after the lockdown. N = 126 parents of patients referred for ADHD aged 10-18 years participated in the study. Total media time increased by 46% during the lockdown and did not completely return to pre-Corona levels afterwards. Patients with difficulties concentrating, high irritability or deterioration of ADHD problems under lockdown spent more time with screen media than those with milder or no such problems. While the effects of the lockdown on screen media use and its negative impact on everyday life appear to be largely reversible, a small proportion of patients with ADHD apparently continue to show increased media use.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , COVID-19 , Internet , Pandemias , Quarentena , Adolescente , Atenção , Bullying , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Jogos de Vídeo , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Youth Adolesc ; 50(8): 1564-1581, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829401

RESUMO

Little is known about the developmental course of informant discrepancies in adolescent aggressive behavior problems, though whether aggression increases or decreases over time depends on reporter. Evaluating discrepancies longitudinally can uncover patterns of agreement/disagreement between reporters across time and determine contexts that give rise to these differences. This study addresses longitudinal informant discrepancies by examining parent-report and adolescent report of adolescent aggressive behavior problems over time and further investigates possible contextual factors related to the longitudinal discrepancy. Five-waves (from age 11.5 to 15) of multi-informant data from the PROSPER project (N = 977; 52% female; 87% Caucasian) were used to test longitudinal change in informant discrepancies between mother-, father-, and adolescent-reported aggressive behavior problems. Results showed that parents reported more aggression than their adolescents at age 11.5 and that the discrepancy at first converged over time before diverging. By age 15, adolescents reported more aggression than their parents. Parental hostility, family status, and adolescent gender predicted change in informant discrepancies. Practical and developmental implications are discussed for assessing and determining accurate change in adolescent aggressive behavior problems.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Agressão , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Mães , Pais , Psicologia do Adolescente
13.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 36(4): 453-464, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796978

RESUMO

The iBerry study is a population-based cohort study designed to investigate the transition from subclinical symptoms to a psychiatric disorder. Adolescents were selected based on their self-reported emotional and/or behavioral problems assessed by completing the strengths and difficulties questionnaire-youth (SDQ-Y) in their first year of high school. A total of 16,736 SDQ-Y questionnaires completed in the academic years 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 by students in the greater Rotterdam area in the Netherlands were screened. A high-risk group of adolescents was then selected based on the 15% highest-scoring adolescents, and a low-risk group was randomly selected from the 85% lowest-scoring adolescents, with a 2.5:1 ratio between the number of high-risk and low-risk adolescents. These adolescents were invited to come with one parent for a baseline visit consisting of interviews, questionnaires, neuropsychological tests, and biological measurements to assess determinants of psychopathology. A total of 1022 high-risk and low-risk adolescents (mean age at the first visit: 15.0 years) enrolled in the study. The goal of the iBerry study is to follow these adolescents for a 10-year period in order to monitor any changes in their symptoms. Here, we present the study design, response rate, inclusion criteria, and the characteristics of the cohort; in addition, we discuss possible selection effects. We report that the oversampling procedure was successful at selecting a cohort of adolescents with a high rate of psychiatric problems based on comprehensive multi-informant measurements. The future results obtained from the iBerry Study will provide new insights into the way in which the mental health of high-risk adolescents changes as they transition to adulthood. These findings will therefore facilitate the development of strategies designed to optimize mental healthcare and prevent psychopathology.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Psicopatologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Saúde Mental , Países Baixos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicologia do Adolescente , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Pediatr Clin North Am ; 68(2): 437-447, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678297

RESUMO

A child soldier is a person less than 18 years of age who/has been recruited/used by an armed force/armed group in any capacity, including but not limited to children, boys and girls, used as fighters, cooks, porters, messengers, spies, or for sexual purposes. Complex consequences on both physical and mental health are reported among child soldiers. One-third to one-half of these children may have clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. The United Nations identified more than 25,000 grave violations against children during armed conflicts in 2019. The recruitment and use of children under 18 in armed conflicts must stop.


Assuntos
Conflitos Armados/psicologia , Militares/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adolescente , Conflitos Armados/ética , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança
15.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200217, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the emotional labor in pediatric nursing considering the repercussions of COVID-19 in childhood and adolescence. METHOD: Reflexion based on theoretical aspects and scientific evidence of emotional labor in pediatric nursing. RESULTS: Given the repercussions of COVID-19 on children and adolescents, it is up to the nurse to recognize them and nurture a non-traumatic and affectionate care. However, measures to control the disease affect the care provided. In this context, emotional labor process become essential, as they guide the management of the child's and family's emotions, associated with the suffering caused by the pandemic and the nurse's emotional experience when caring. CONCLUSION: Emotional support and care processes are essential in pediatrics, especially in a stressful time such as a pandemic, which requires the positive transformation of the intense and disturbing experiences of people for them to achieve psychosocial well-being.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Emoções , Família/psicologia , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Pandemias , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Pesquisa Qualitativa
16.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 26(2): 157-166, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review synthesized available research on the psychological implications for children and adolescents who either were directly or indirectly exposed to an infectious outbreak. On this basis, the current paper aims to provide recommendations for future research, practice and policy regarding children during pandemics. METHOD: A total of 2195 records were retrieved from the PsycINFO, SCOPUS and MEDLINE databases, and three from Google Scholar. RESULTS: Including only those papers that focused on children or adolescent's mental health in association with respiratory infectious outbreaks, 11 articles were identified. The majority of research utilized qualitative or retrospective hospital record data. Children and adolescents reported fear and anxiety, as well as disruptions to their day to day routines as a result of outbreaks. However, children were also able to demonstrate resilience during outbreaks with the right support. CONCLUSIONS: Children's psychological response to the outbreak appeared to be largely attributed to how their parents, healthcare providers and the media communicated the event. Recommendations for policy, practitioners and researchers concerning the current COVID-19 outbreak concludes the paper.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Transmissíveis , Surtos de Doenças , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Ansiedade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/psicologia , Depressão , Humanos , Lactente , Pandemias , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança
18.
Recenti Prog Med ; 112(3): 207-215, 2021 03.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The recent lockdown, resulting from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, has had a strong social and psychological impact on the most fragile individuals and family structures. In the present work we investigated the experience of families without specific elements of social or health vulnerability during the quarantine period that occurred in the spring of 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May and July 2020, 22 primary care pediatricians belonging to AUSL Romagna administered to a number of families a questionnaire to detect changes that occurred, during the lockdown, in family environment, school attendance and personal attitudes. RESULTS: A total of 721 questionnaires were collected, analyzing the associations between variables relating to home environment, daily rhythms, school and warning signs in relation to the age of children. As a result of the lockdown, family habits changed in 31% of cases, with a greater presence of the reference figure in 68% of these. Three out of four families reported they had sufficient domestic spaces, and nine out of ten had access to an outdoor, private or condominium space. Daily rhythms were preserved in 56.7% of cases; mood disorders appeared in 30% of adolescent children, followed by sleep, appetite and psychosomatic disorders. One in three children has made progress in terms of evolution and behavior, and one in 5 children has seen their relationships improve. The overall resilience of families during the lockdown period was considered good in 66.3%, sufficient in 31.3% and not satisfactory in only 2.4% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that, in the interviewed families, the simultaneous presence of adults and children at home has generally intensified. Families refer, on the whole, a positive and resilient behavior in the lockdown period, even if initial emotional problems are reported in one out of three children-adolescents. The ability to maintain a family organized structure seems to be partially compromised. Forced cohabitation leads to competition for the same resources of time and space and affects the entire family unit. The school institution emerges as a protective factor for children, young people and also for the well-being of families themselves.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Medicina Comunitária , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Pandemias , Pediatras , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Quarentena/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aglomeração/psicologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/etiologia , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Habitação , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Transtornos do Humor/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Humor/etiologia , Pais/psicologia , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/etiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
19.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 253(3): 203-215, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775993

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is causing disruptions in the global social system. Japanese children and adolescents have had their schools closed, government-mandated activity restrictions imposed, and interactions outside the home reduced. These restrictions can have a considerable psychological impact on children and adolescents. This review aims to describe the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on physical activity and psychological status of this population. The review was conducted by searching PubMed for information on the impact of COVID-19-related activity restrictions on children and adolescents. The search identified 11 articles, three of which contained data on anxiety and psychological problems due to physical inactivity. Next, a PubMed search was conducted about physical activity and psychological status in children and adolescents under psychological stress. The search identified 368 articles, 28 of which were included in the review. For children, data that revealed a correlation between physical activity and psychological health and sedentary time leading to mood disorders were included. For adolescents, there were nine studies that reported a correlation between physical activity and psychological health and four studies that reported no correlation between physical activity and psychological health. Of the studies that reported a correlation, seven reported that physical activity improves psychological health. The impact of psychologically stressful situations such as COVID-19 on children and adolescents has been experienced worldwide. Physical activity has been correlated with psychological health, and it may improve psychological status; physical activity should be recommended to better support the psychological health of children and adolescents under the influence of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comportamento Infantil , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Exercício Físico , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Adolescente , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos do Humor/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Humor/etiologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas/legislação & jurisprudência , Comportamento Sedentário , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Recursos Humanos
20.
J Community Psychol ; 49(7): 2938-2958, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734451

RESUMO

The threat generated by the COVID-19 pandemic has triggered sudden institutional changes in an effort to reduce viral spread. Restrictions on group gatherings and in-person engagement have increased the demand for remote service delivery. These restrictions have also affected the delivery of court-mandated interventions. However, much of the literature has focused on populations that voluntarily seek out face-to-face medical care or mental health services, whereas insufficient attention has been paid to telehealth engagement of court-mandated populations. This article draws on data gathered on an NIH/NIDA-funded study intervention implemented with juvenile justice-involved youths of Haitian heritage in Miami-Dade County, Florida, during the COVID-19 public health crisis. We explore the process of obtaining consent, technological access issues, managing privacy, and other challenges associated with remote delivery of family-based therapy to juvenile justice-involved youth. Our aim is to provide some insights for consideration by therapists, healthcare workers, advocates, researchers, and policymakers tasked with finding alternative and safer ways to engage nontraditional populations in health services. The clinical trial registration number is NCT03876171.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Terapia Familiar , Telemedicina , Adolescente , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Florida , Haiti , Humanos , Função Jurisdicional , Delinquência Juvenil/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Psicologia do Adolescente , Serviço Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle
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