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1.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e943500, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication after massive burn injury. One of the postulated etiologies is destruction of the extracellular matrix of nephrons, caused by a local imbalance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and specific inhibitors. The aim of this study was to analyze the dynamics of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) during the first 5 days after massive thermal injury and the relationship with the risk of AKI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-three adults (22 men, 11 women) with severe burns were enrolled in the study. The values of TIMPs 1 to 4 were measured in blood serum and urine using the multiplex Luminex system. The associations between TIMPs and the risk of AKI were analyzed by using the generalized linear mixed models for repeated measurements. RESULTS Significant changes in serum and urine activities of TIMPs were confirmed, especially during the first 2 days after burn injury. Almost half of patients presented renal problems during the study. Significant differences between values of TIMPs in AKI and non-AKI status were also observed. However, a significant relationship between concentration of TIMPs and risk of AKI was confirmed only for urine TIMP-1 and serum TIMP-3. CONCLUSIONS The evaluation of TIMPs in the early stage after burn injury has potential benefits. The important roles of urine TIMP-1 and serum TIMP-3, as novel markers of the risk of AKI development, were confirmed. Other parameters require further analysis.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Biomarcadores , Queimaduras , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1 , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-3 , Humanos , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/sangue , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/sangue , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Biomarcadores/sangue , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-3/metabolismo
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10457, 2024 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714778

RESUMO

Coagulation alterations manifest early after severe burns and are closely linked to mortality outcomes. Nevertheless, the precise characterization of coagulation changes associated with early mortality remains elusive. We examined alterations in indicators linked to mortality outcomes at both the transcriptomic and clinical characteristic levels. At the transcriptomic level, we pinpointed 28 differentially expressed coagulation-related genes (DECRGs) following burn injuries and endeavored to validate their causal relationships through Mendelian randomization. DECRGs tied to survival exhibit a significant association with neutrophil function, wherein the expression of CYP4F2 and P2RX1 serves as robust predictors of fatal outcomes. In terms of clinical indicators, early levels of D-dimer and alterations in serum calcium show a strong correlation with mortality outcomes. Coagulation depletion and fibrinolytic activation, stemming from the hyperactivation of coagulation pathways post-severe burns, are strongly linked to patient mortality. Monitoring these early coagulation markers with predictive value can effectively identify individuals necessitating priority critical care.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Queimaduras , Humanos , Queimaduras/sangue , Queimaduras/mortalidade , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transcriptoma , Cálcio/sangue , Cálcio/metabolismo , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana
3.
J Int Med Res ; 52(5): 3000605241247696, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698505

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare an Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGboost) model with a multivariable logistic regression (LR) model for their ability to predict sepsis after extremely severe burns. METHODS: For this observational study, patient demographic and clinical information were collected from medical records. The two models were evaluated using area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Of the 103 eligible patients with extremely severe burns, 20 (19%) were in the sepsis group, and 83 (81%) in the non-sepsis group. The LR model showed that age, admission time, body index (BI), fibrinogen, and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were risk factors for sepsis. Comparing AUC of the ROC curves, the XGboost model had a higher predictive performance (0.91) than the LR model (0.88). The SHAP visualization tool indicated fibrinogen, NLR, BI, and age were important features of sepsis in patients with extremely severe burns. CONCLUSIONS: The XGboost model was superior to the LR model in predictive efficacy. Results suggest that, fibrinogen, NLR, BI, and age were correlated with sepsis after extremely severe burns.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Curva ROC , Sepse , Humanos , Sepse/etiologia , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Masculino , Feminino , Queimaduras/complicações , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Fatores de Risco , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/análise , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Área Sob a Curva , Idoso
4.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 37(1(Special)): 185-189, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747268

RESUMO

Burn is a debilitating and devastating emergency with many physical and psychological sequelae. Essential steps in burn wound management include cleansing/wound debridement, application of topical antimicrobial and dressing of affected body areas. Objective of this study is comparison in effectiveness of Hydro-fiber Silver dressing and 1% silver sulfadiazine dressing in management of pediatric burn patients in terms of wound healing. After ethical approval, 264 patients were enrolled and divided into two groups. Patients were managed with hydro-fiber silver dressing in group A and 1% silver sulfadiazine dressing in group B. An experienced pediatric surgeon examined the wounds for re epithelialization and efficacy was labeled after 15 days. Out of 264 enrolled patients 148(56.06%) were males and 116(43.94%) were females. Mean age of patients was 3.73±2.34 years. Type of burn was Scald in 215(81.4%) patients and flame in 49(18.6%). Depth of burn was 2nd degree in 185(70.08%) patients and 3rd degree in 79(29.92%) patients. Mean TBSA was 19.93±9.62%. In group A the efficacy was achieved in 91(68.9%) patients whereas in group B the efficacy was achieved in 73(55.3%) patients (p-value<0.05). Hydro-fiber Silver dressing is significantly more efficacious as compared to 1% silver sulfadiazine dressing for treatment of pediatric burn.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Queimaduras , Sulfadiazina de Prata , Humanos , Sulfadiazina de Prata/uso terapêutico , Sulfadiazina de Prata/administração & dosagem , Queimaduras/terapia , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Lactente , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Prata/uso terapêutico
5.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 77(1): e20220738, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747745

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze the technologies used by the nursing team in the treatment of skin lesions caused by burns in patients under intensive care. METHODS: this is a scope review conducted on the LILACS, Medline, PubMed, and CINAHL databases without temporal or language restrictions. RESULTS: the highlighted technologies included the use of specialized dressings, biological agents such as probiotics and cyanobacteria, as well as negative pressure therapies and enzymes such as papain and collagenase. Some technologies, such as nanocrystalline silver, demonstrated efficacy in infection control. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the study identified essential technologies in burn care, emphasizing the need for further research on "soft" technologies. The findings support the promotion of evidence-based nursing care for burn patients in intensive care and enhance knowledge about effective treatments.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Queimaduras/terapia , Queimaduras/enfermagem , Queimaduras/complicações , Cuidados Críticos/métodos
6.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302795, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural propolis has been used since decades owing to its broad-spectrum activities. Burn injuries are a global health problem with negative impacts on communities. Bacterial infections usually accompany burns, which demand implementation of antibiotics. Antibiotics abuse led to emergence of microbial drug resistance resulting in poor treatment outcomes. In such instances, the promising alternative would be natural antimicrobials such as propolis. OBJECTIVE: Full chemical profiling of propolis and evaluation of in vitro antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities as well as in vivo burn healing properties. METHODS: Chemical profiling of propolis was performed using Liquid chromatography (UHPLC/MS-PDA and HPLC-PDA). In vitro assessment was done using Disc Diffusion susceptibility test against Staphylococcus aureus and infected burn wound mice model was used for in vivo assessment. In vitro antioxidant properties of propolis were assessed using DPPH, ABTS and FRAP techniques. The anti-inflammatory effect of propolis was assessed against lipopolysaccharide/interferon-gamma mediated inflammation. RESULTS: UHPLC/MS-PDA results revealed identification of 71 phytochemicals, mainly flavonoids. Upon flavonoids quantification (HPLC-PDA), Pinocembrin, chrysin and galangin recorded high content 21.58±0.84, 22.73±0.68 and 14.26±0.70 mg/g hydroalcoholic propolis extract, respectively. Propolis showed concentration dependent antibacterial activity in vitro and in vivo burn healing via wound diameter reduction and histopathological analysis without signs of skin irritation in rabbits nor sensitization in guinea pigs. Propolis showed promising antioxidant IC50 values 46.52±1.25 and 11.74±0.26 µg/mL whereas FRAP result was 445.29±29.9 µM TE/mg. Anti-inflammatory experiment results showed significant increase of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) mRNA levels. Nitric oxide and iNOS were markedly increased in Griess assay and western blot respectively. However, upon testing propolis against LPS/IFN-γ-mediated inflammation, TLR4, IL-6 and TNF-α expression were downregulated at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. CONCLUSION: Propolis proved to be a promising natural burn healing agent through its antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Antioxidantes , Queimaduras , Própole , Staphylococcus aureus , Cicatrização , Própole/química , Própole/farmacologia , Animais , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Queimaduras/patologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
7.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 283, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether additional fluid supplementation is necessary during the acute resuscitation period for patients with combined inhalational injury (INHI) under the guidance of the Third Military Medical University (TMMU) protocol. METHODS: A 10-year multicenter, retrospective cohort study, involved patients with burns ≥ 50% total burn surface area (TBSA) was conducted. The effect of INHI, INHI severity, and tracheotomy on the fluid management in burn patients was assessed. Cumulative fluid administration, cumulative urine output, and cumulative fluid retention within 72 h were collected and systematically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 108 patients were included in the analysis, 85 with concomitant INHI and 23 with thermal burn alone. There was no significant difference in total fluid administration during the 72-h post-burn between the INHI and non-INHI groups. Although no difference in the urine output and fluid retention was shown in the first 24 h, the INHI group had a significantly lower cumulative urine output and a higher cumulative fluid retention in the 48-h and 72-h post-burn (all p < 0.05). In addition, patients with severe INHI exhibited a significantly elevated incidence of complications (Pneumonia, 47.0% vs. 11.8%, p = 0.012), (AKI, 23.5% vs. 2.9%, p = 0.037). For patients with combined INHI, neither the severity of INHI nor the presence of a tracheotomy had any significant influence on fluid management during the acute resuscitation period. CONCLUSIONS: Additional fluid administration may be unnecessary in major burn patients with INHI under the guidance of the TMMU protocol.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Hidratação , Ressuscitação , Humanos , Hidratação/métodos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Queimaduras/terapia , Queimaduras/complicações , Ressuscitação/métodos
8.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 51: e20243665, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716915

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: burns represent a pivotal component of trauma in Brazil, accounting for 2 million incidents and 2,500 deaths annually. Self-intentional burns are associated with a worse prognosis, larger burned surface area, higher infection rates, and death. The lack of studies on the issue of self-immolation raises epidemiological questions regarding Brazilian victims. This study aimed to investigate the profile of burn events associated with self-injurious behavior among Brazilian victims. METHODS: this systematic review was performed according to PRISMA 2020 guidelines and evaluated the correlation between self-injurious behavior as a cause of burns in Brazilian victims and its epidemiological implications in the last 20 years (2003-2023). The MeSH terms "Burns", "Self-Injurious Behavior", "Epidemiology" and "Brazil" were queried in the PubMed/MEDLINE, SciELO, and Cochrane Library databases, and, after selection by inclusion/exclusion criteria, the most relevant studies were critically analyzed. RESULTS: From 1,077 pre-selected studies, 92 were potentially eligible, resulting in 7 manuscripts incorporated in this review. From 3,510 burned victims assembled in the pool of selected studies, 311 cases displayed self-injurious behavior. Burned patients who attempted to burn their lives have a higher risk of death (p<0.05; RR=5.1 [3.2-8.1]) and larger burned surface area (p<0.05; MD=19.2 [10-28.2]), compared to accidental cases. Moreover, the female gender was at a higher risk of attempting self-immolation (p<0.05; RR=4.01 [2.9-5.5]). CONCLUSION: our results show that self-inflicted burn cases were associated with a larger burned surface area and a higher risk of death, and the female gender was identified as a relevant risk factor in Brazil.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Queimaduras/mortalidade , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino
10.
Acta Chir Plast ; 66(1): 31-33, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704236

RESUMO

Indwelling intravascular catheters are important tools in the care of critically ill patients; however, they have an inherent risk of infection or thromboembolic events. Reports on catheter associated thromboembolic events in burn units are rare, despite being well recognized that burn patients bear an increased baseline risk for thromboembolic events. We describe two catheter-associated thromboembolic complications in burn patients in a burn unit and the morbidity associated with these events. Patients with endovascular catheters in burn units may be at increased risk for severe thromboembolic events associated with intravascular catheters, but specific guidelines for prevention and management of these patients are still missing.


Assuntos
Unidades de Queimados , Queimaduras , Tromboembolia , Humanos , Queimaduras/complicações , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Feminino , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto
11.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 316(5): 146, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696005

RESUMO

Secondary malignancies are rare but devastating complications of longstanding burn scars. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common, followed by basal cell carcinoma and melanomas. There are fewer than 50 total reported cases of malignant melanomas arising in burn scars. We report a case of malignant melanoma arising within a longstanding burn scar confirmed by histology, FISH, and PRAME staining to further characterize melanomas arising in burn scars and to illustrate the diagnostic challenges they present.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Cicatriz , Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/complicações , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Queimaduras/patologia , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/patologia , Cicatriz/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antígeno gp100 de Melanoma , Melanoma Maligno Cutâneo , Feminino , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente
12.
Sci Justice ; 64(3): 305-313, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735667

RESUMO

Heat-induced fractures can be hard to distinguish from sharp force traumas. This challenge can negatively impact medico-legal analysis. The present study aimed to experimentally assess if X-ray fluorescence (XRF) can be used to detect chemical traces transferred from the blade of a sharp instrument onto both fresh and dry human bones. This was performed by inducing sharp force traumas with five different instruments on 20 fresh and 20 dry human clavicles. All bone samples were probed before and after experimental burning (at 500 °C, 700 °C, 900 °C and 1100 °C). Our results show that XRF is potentially useful for detecting iron traces in fresh human bone, both unburned and burned. However, we were not able to clearly detect iron traces from the blades in bones that have been previously inhumed, since exogenous iron acquired during diagenesis masks the iron traces originating from the blade.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Ferro , Humanos , Ferro/análise , Espectrometria por Raios X , Fraturas Ósseas , Queimaduras , Incêndios , Masculino
13.
Int Wound J ; 21(4): e14872, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629691

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticle dressings have gained popularity recently as a way to treat challenging wounds. Notwithstanding the properties of Ag-NPS (silver nanoparticles) described by several articles, there is a lack of clinical studies that guide healthcare professionals to specific and conscious use. In this case series, Ag-NPS dressing was tested on a randomized group of 10 patients with complex wounds requiring conservative treatment. Each case was analysed, recording the patient's history, the peculiar characteristics and the progressive changes in the wound. The wound bed and the quality of the peri-wound skin improved and a decrease in signs of infection was observed. The application of the dressing was simple and comfortable for the patient and it was appreciated for its sealing ability. A few capacity restrictions showed up: those should be read as elements to improve the indications for this peculiar dressing. The thin tissue matrix of the Ag-NPS dressing does not allow for massive absorption and also performs poorly in reducing little exudate. The reduction in wound width is also limited: reconstructive surgery was required in half of the enrolled patients to achieve wound healing.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Humanos , Bandagens , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Prata/uso terapêutico , Cicatrização
14.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 84-94, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Glaucoma is a multifactorial optic neuropathy with a high rate of irreversible visual loss, and its pathogenesis is complex and still unclear. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is well recognized as the sole modifiable risk factor for the development of glaucoma in the majority of cases. This study aims to compare 2 different methods of inducing chronic ocular hypertension by circumlimbal suture or by laser burns in degree and lasting time of the IOP, different status of the retina and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and changes of the microstructure of neurons. METHODS: The chronic ocular hypertension models were induced by 2 different ways. One kind of the models was built by unilateral circumlimbal suture (10/0) implantation (suture group), another kind of model was built by laser burns at trabecular meshwork and episcleral veins (laser group). The untreated contralateral eye served as the control group. Changes in IOP were observed and regularly monitored in the 2 groups of rats. HE staining was applied to observe the retinal and optic nerve pathology. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) was used to observe the mitochondrial morphology. RGCs were specifically labeled with Brn3b antibody and counted. The expression of caspase-3 was detected by Western blotting to clarify the apoptosis of RGCs. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, IOP were significantly increased in the suture group and the laser group (both P<0.05). The suture group induced a 1.5-fold elevation of IOP, and sustained for 8 weeks. The laser group induced a 2-fold elevation of IOP for 12 weeks. Both methods could cause RGCs loss (both P<0.05), which were verified by pathology and immune staining of Brn3b. The expressions of caspase-3 were also increased (both P<0.05). The mitochondrial morphology became more fragment, which changed from long shape to round and small one under TEM in 2 models. For comparison, the pathology changes of retinal structure in suture group were not obviously than those in the laser group. CONCLUSIONS: Circumlimbal suture can build an effective model of chronic elevated IOP and induce glaucomatous pathologic changes similar to those in the laser photocoagulation, but the pathologic changes are milder than those in laser photocoagulation. Compare with translimbal laser photocoagulation, equipment and skill demand for circumlimbal suture is less.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Glaucoma , Hipertensão Ocular , Animais , Ratos , Caspase 3 , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Suturas/efeitos adversos
15.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0295318, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652713

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Burns are tissue traumas caused by energy transfer and occur with a variable inflammatory response. The consequences of burns represent a public health problem worldwide. Inhalation injury (II) is a severity factor when associated with burn, leading to a worse prognosis. Its treatment is complex and often involves invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). The primary purpose of this study will be to assess the evidence regarding the frequency and mortality of II in burn patients. The secondary purposes will be to assess the evidence regarding the association between IIs and respiratory complications (pneumonia, airway obstruction, acute respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome), need for IMV and complications in other organ systems, and highlight factors associated with IIs in burn patients and prognostic factors associated with acute respiratory failure, need for IMV and mortality of II in burn patients. METHODS: This is a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA). PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS/VHL, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases will be consulted without language restrictions and publication date. Studies presenting incomplete data and patients under 19 years of age will be excluded. Data will be synthesized through continuous (mean and standard deviation) and dichotomous (relative risk) variables and the total number of participants. The means, sample sizes, standard deviations from the mean, and relative risks will be entered into the Review Manager web analysis software (The Cochrane Collaboration). DISCUSSION: Despite the extensive experience managing IIs in burn patients, they still represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis and accurate measurement of its damage are complex, and therapies are essentially based on supportive measures. Considering the challenge, their impact, and their potential severity, IIs represent a promising area for research, needing further studies to understand and contribute to its better evolution. The protocol of this review is registered on the International prospective register of systematic reviews platform of the Center for Revisions and Disclosure of the University of York, United Kingdom (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero), under number RD42022343944.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Humanos , Queimaduras/mortalidade , Queimaduras/complicações , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Queimaduras por Inalação/complicações , Queimaduras por Inalação/mortalidade , Queimaduras por Inalação/terapia , Prognóstico , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/complicações , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/mortalidade
16.
Int J Med Robot ; 20(2): e2631, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver parenchymal transection during robotic liver resection (RLR) remains a significant challenge due to the limited range of specialised instruments. This study introduces our 'Burn and Push' technique as a novel approach to address these challenges. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 20 patients who underwent RLR using the 'Burn and Push' technique at Virginia Commonwealth University Health System from November 2021 to August 2023. The study evaluated peri- and post-operative outcomes. RESULTS: The median operation time was 241.5 min (range, 90-620 min), and the median blood loss was 100 mL (range, 10-600 mL). Major complications occurred in one case, with no instances of postoperative bleeding, bile leak, or liver failure. CONCLUSIONS: The 'Burn and Push' technique is a viable and efficient alternative for liver parenchymal transection in RLR. Further research with larger sample sizes and consideration of the learning curve is necessary to validate these findings.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Fígado/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Queimaduras/cirurgia
17.
Glob Public Health ; 19(1): 2345370, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38686925

RESUMO

Delivering specialised care for major burns requires a multidisciplinary health workforce. While health systems 'hardware' issues, such as shortages of the healthcare workforce and training gaps in burn care are widely acknowledged, there is limited evidence around the systems 'software' aspects, such as interest, power dynamics, and relationships that impact the healthcare workforce performance. This study explored challenges faced by the health workforce in burn care to identify issues affecting their performance. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with a purposively selected sample (n = 31, 18 women and 13 men) of various cadres of the burn care health workforce in Uttar Pradesh, India. Inductive coding and thematic analysis identified three major themes. First, the dynamics within the multidisciplinary team where complex relations, power and normative hierarchy hampered performance. Second, the dynamics between health workers and patients due to the clinical and emotional challenges of dealing with burn injuries and multitasking. Third, dynamics between specialised burn units and broader health systems are narrated in challenges due to inadequate first response and delayed referral from primary care facilities. These findings indicate that burn care health workers in India face multiple challenges that need systemic intervention with a multipronged human resource for health framework.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Índia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pessoal de Saúde , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
18.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 70(3): 155-161, 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650137

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the mechanism of "simmer pus and grow meat" method based on bFGF regulating WNT / ß-Catenin signaling pathway. Of 100 SPF rats, 25 were randomly selected as blank group, and 75 rats were established chronic infectious wound model and divided into blank group, model group (normal saline treatment, n = 25), experimental group (purple and white ointment treatment, n = 25), and wet burn ointment group (wet burn treatment, n = 25). The wound healing rate of rats was compared. The protein expressions of PCAN, VEGF, bFGF, ß-Catenin, GSK-3ß and C-Myc in granulation tissues were detected. On the 7th day, the wound healing rate of the model group was lower than that of the other 3 groups (P<0.05), and the wound healing rate of the positive control group was higher than that of the experimental group and the control group (P<0.05). The expressions of bFGF, GSK-3ß and C-MyC in model group were higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The ß-catenin protein expression in the model group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), and the ß-catenin protein expression in the experimental group and the positive control group was higher than that in the model group (P<0.05). The expressions of PCAN and VEGF in model group were lower than those in model group (P<0.05). We found that Zibai ointment promotes chronic wound healing by modulating the bFGF/Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Cicatrização , beta Catenina , Animais , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Ratos , Masculino , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Queimaduras/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Tecido de Granulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido de Granulação/metabolismo , Tecido de Granulação/patologia
19.
J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 27: 12674, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606395

RESUMO

Introduction: The extract from the Mango Seed Kernel (MSK) has been documented to exhibit antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This suggests that biomaterials containing MSK extract could be a viable alternative to conventional wound treatments, such as nanocrystalline silver dressings. Despite this potential, there is a notable gap in the literature regarding comparing the antibacterial effectiveness of MSK film dressings with nanocrystalline silver dressings. This study aimed to develop film dressings containing MSK extract and evaluate their antibacterial properties compared to nanocrystalline silver dressings. Additionally, the study aimed to assess other vital physical properties of these dressings critical for effective wound care. Materials and methods: We prepared MSK film dressings from two cultivars of mango from Thailand, 'Chokanan' and 'Namdokmai'. The inhibition-zone method was employed to determine the antibacterial property. The morphology and chemical characterization of the prepared MSK film dressings were examined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), respectively. The absorption of pseudo-wound exudate and water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) of film dressings were evaluated. Results: The results showed that 40% of MSKC film dressing had the highest inhibition zone (20.00 ± 0.00 mm against S. aureus and 17.00 ± 1.00 mm against P. aeruginosa) and 20%, 30%, and 40% of MSKC and MSKN film dressings had inhibition zones similar to nanocrystalline silver dressing for both S. aureus and P. aeruginosa (p > 0.05). In addition, all concentrations of the MSK film dressings had low absorption capacity, and Chokanan MSK (MSKC) film dressings had a higher WVTR than Namdokmai MSK (MSKN) film dressings. Conclusion: 20%, 30%, and 40% of MSK film dressing is nearly as effective as nanocrystalline silver dressing. Therefore, it has the potential to be an alternative antibacterial dressing and is suitable for wounds with low exudate levels.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Mangifera , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Prata/farmacologia , Prata/química , Tailândia , Staphylococcus aureus , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Bandagens
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612513

RESUMO

Non-healing wounds and skin losses constitute significant challenges for modern medicine and pharmacology. Conventional methods of wound treatment are effective in basic healthcare; however, they are insufficient in managing chronic wound and large skin defects, so novel, alternative methods of therapy are sought. Among the potentially innovative procedures, the use of skin substitutes may be a promising therapeutic method. Skin substitutes are a heterogeneous group of materials that are used to heal and close wounds and temporarily or permanently fulfill the functions of the skin. Classification can be based on the structure or type (biological and synthetic). Simple constructs (class I) have been widely researched over the years, and can be used in burns and ulcers. More complex substitutes (class II and III) are still studied, but these may be utilized in patients with deep skin defects. In addition, 3D bioprinting is a rapidly developing method used to create advanced skin constructs and their appendages. The aforementioned therapies represent an opportunity for treating patients with diabetic foot ulcers or deep skin burns. Despite these significant developments, further clinical trials are needed to allow the use skin substitutes in the personalized treatment of chronic wounds.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Pé Diabético , Pele Artificial , Humanos , Bioengenharia , Engenharia Biomédica , Queimaduras/terapia
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