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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5823-5828, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988911

RESUMO

AIM: Our aim was to confirm the utility of Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging for intraoperative detection of adrenal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis. CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old man with a right adrenal HCC metastasis was admitted after complete remission of primary HCC and a metachronous left adrenal metastasis. He was treated with ICG fluorescence-guided limited resection to preserve adrenal function. ICG was administered intravenously at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg, 6 days before the operation. After removal of the entire suspicious metastatic HCC, ICG fluorescence imaging clearly demonstrated two illuminated lesions. The lesions were separately resected using an energy device. Finally, there were no ICG fluorescent lesions which meant residual tumor. Histopathological examination confirmed adrenal metastasis of moderately differentiated HCC in the initial specimen and the additional resected specimens. Three months after the operation, adrenal function was well preserved without recurrence of HCC. CONCLUSION: ICG fluorescence imaging is essential for complete resection of adrenal HCC metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Imagem Óptica , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/secundário , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5939-5947, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988926

RESUMO

Background/Aim: There is an increasing demand for preserving the fertility of young women impacted with early-stage cervical cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the oncological and reproductive outcomes of abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART). Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients with FIGO stageIA2-IB1 cervical cancer who underwent ART from 2007 to 2018. We also compared the oncological prognosis between the patients who underwent ART and radical hysterectomy (RH). Results: A total of 42 patients underwent ART. During median follow-up 62.5 months, there were 4 (9.5%) recurrences and 1 (2.4%) death. As for tumors ≤2 cm, the 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate for patients who underwent ART was similar to those who underwent RH (89.8% vs. 92.7%, p=0.42 and 97.3% vs. 95.0%, p=0.44, respectively). Nineteen patients attempted to conceive and seven of them were successful. There was one case of a first-trimester miscarriage, two cases of preterm delivery, three cases of full-term delivery and one ongoing pregnancy. Conclusion: ART could be a feasible alternative to RH for patients with tumors ≤2 cm with comparable oncological outcome.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Traquelectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Abdome/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fertilidade/fisiologia , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/fisiopatologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/fisiopatologia
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 35-41, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Optimization of diagnosis and treatment of patients with solitary fibrous tumor of pleura, analysis of overall survival and disease-free survival, predictors of recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 66 patients with solitary fibrous tumor of pleura (26 men and 40 women) aged 57.6 years (range 26-80 years). Asymptomatic course was found in 29 (44%) patients, various symptoms - in 37 (56%) patients. Thoracotomy was applied in 36 patients, thoracoscopy - in 30 patients. Immunohistochemical examination included analysis of definition of Stat6 expression. RESULTS: Benign variant of SFT was diagnosed in 50 (75.7%) patients, malignant variant - in 16 (24.3%) patients. STAT6 expression was observed in all cases. Postoperative morbidity was 9%, mortality - 1.6%. Recurrence was diagnosed in 2 (4%) patients with benign variant of disease and in 5 (31.2%) patients with malignant variant (2 of them died from progression of disease). Progression-free survival was 89.4%, overall survival - 95.4%. Predictors of recurrence are tumor dimension over 10 cm, necrosis and/or hemorrhagic component of tumor, mitotic count of at least four per 10 high-power fields. CONCLUSION. S: Olitary fibrous tumor of pleura is a rare mesenchymal fibroblastic neoplasm growing from submesothelial layer. Differential and preoperative morphological diagnosis of SFT is difficult and demands a special immunohistochemical examination with analysis of Stat 6 expression. Surgery is preferred for tumor de novo and recurrent neoplasm.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/biossíntese , Tumor Fibroso Solitário Pleural/diagnóstico , Tumor Fibroso Solitário Pleural/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Pleura , Tumor Fibroso Solitário Pleural/metabolismo , Tumor Fibroso Solitário Pleural/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos
5.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236569, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The inflammatory biomarkers, YKL-40 and interleukin-6 (IL-6), are elevated in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. We examined their associations with relapse-free survival and overall survival in combination with serum C-reactive protein (CRP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in patients with colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: Altogether 441 consecutive patients undergoing liver resection at Helsinki University Hospital between 1998 and 2013 were included in the study. Pre- and postoperative YKL-40 and IL-6 were determined from serum samples with commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, and CRP, CEA, and CA19-9 by routine methods. Associations between these biomarkers and relapse-free and overall survival were examined using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients with 2-5 elevated biomarkers were at an increased risk of relapse compared to those with 0-1 elevated biomarkers, preoperatively (HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.1-1.72) or postoperatively (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.23-1.92). Patients with 2-5 elevated biomarkers were also at an increased risk of death compared to those with 0-1 elevated biomarkers, preoperatively (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.39-2.24) or postoperatively (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.44-2.33). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that a protein panel of the inflammatory biomarkers YKL-40, IL-6, and CRP, and the cancer biomarkers CEA and CA19-9 might identify patients that benefit from more aggressive treatment and surveillance, although the additional value of IL-6 and CRP in this aspect is limited.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
6.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(8): 652-659, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734728

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The benefits of early administration of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-only recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) following radical prostatectomy (RP) are controversial. We investigated the impact of early versus delayed ADT on survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received radiation therapy (RT) following RP and later developed distant metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 69 patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received RT following RP and later developed distant metastasis between January 2006 and December 2012. Patients were stratified according to the level of PSA at which ADT was administered (<2 ng/mL vs. ≥2 ng/mL). Study endpoints were progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)-free survival and cancer-specific survival (CSS). RESULTS: Patients were stratified according to the criteria of 2 ng/mL of PSA at which ADT was administered, based on the Youden sensitivity analysis. Delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL was an independent prognosticator of cancer-specific mortality (p=0.047), and a marginally significant prognosticator of progression to CRPC (p=0.051). During the median follow-up of 81.0 (interquartile range 54.2-115.7) months, patients who received early ADT at PSA <2 ng/mL had significantly higher CSS rates compared to patients who received delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL (p=0.002). Progression to CRPC-free survival was comparable between the two groups (p=0.331). CONCLUSION: Early ADT at the PSA level of less than 2 ng/mL confers CSS benefits in patients with localized or locally advanced PCa who were previously treated with RP.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21344, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791733

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Locoregional recurrence of breast cancer is a challenging issue for clinicians. Treatment options for unresectable recurrent estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer in previously irradiated area are limited. Some studies showed concomitant fulvestrant with radiation therapy might increase radiosensitivity compared with radiation alone in vitro, no in vivo reports yet. PATIENT CONCERN: Here, we present a case report and make a narrative review of concomitant fulvestrant with radiation therapy for unresectable locoregional recurrent ER+ breast cancer. The patient was treated with modified radical mastectomy in 2015, adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy, followed by exemestane until November 2018, relapsed in internal mammary lymph nodes with sternum involved. DIAGNOSIS: The final diagnosis was breast cancer internal mammary lymph nodes metastasis with sternum involved. INTERVENTIONS: After diagnosis was made, concurrent fulvestrant with reirradiation as a palliative treatment were proposed under multiple disciplinary team. OUTCOMES: There was a good clinical response, enabling curative chance with radiation therapy to a total dose of 60 Gy. Computed tomography scan revealed no evidence of residual tumor. LESSONS: As far as we know, this is the first report concerning concomitant fulvestrant with reirradiation for unresectable locoregional recurrent ER+ breast cancer. Since no severe adverse events were observed, this strategy could be a suitable "loco-regional rescue therapy" to further reduce tumor progression or even reach a curative effect. Studies of this treatment strategy in randomized clinical trials are warranted to further assess its safety and effectiveness.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Antagonistas do Receptor de Estrogênio/uso terapêutico , Fulvestranto/uso terapêutico , Reirradiação/métodos , Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Mastectomia Radical Modificada/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medicina Narrativa/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo
8.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(9): 1147-1154, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and treatment of colorectal peritoneal metastases at an early stage, before the onset of signs, could improve patient survival. We aimed to compare the survival benefit of systematic second-look surgery plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), with surveillance, in patients at high risk of developing colorectal peritoneal metastases. METHODS: We did an open-label, randomised, phase 3 study in 23 hospitals in France. Eligible patients were aged 18-70 years and had a primary colorectal cancer with synchronous and localised colorectal peritoneal metastases removed during tumour resection, resected ovarian metastases, or a perforated tumour. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to surveillance or second-look surgery plus oxaliplatin-HIPEC (oxaliplatin 460 mg/m2, or oxaliplatin 300 mg/m2 plus irinotecan 200 mg/m2, plus intravenous fluorouracil 400 mg/m2), or mitomycin-HIPEC (mitomycin 35 mg/m2) alone in case of neuropathy, after 6 months of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy with no signs of disease recurrence. Randomisation was done via a web-based system, with stratification by treatment centre, nodal status, and risk factors for colorectal peritoneal metastases. Second-look surgery consisted of a complete exploration of the abdominal cavity via xyphopubic incision, and resection of all peritoneal implants if resectable. Surveillance after resection of colorectal cancer was done according to the French Guidelines. The primary outcome was 3-year disease-free survival, defined as the time from randomisation to peritoneal or distant disease recurrence, or death from any cause, whichever occurred first, analysed by intention to treat. Surgical complications were assessed in the second-look surgery group only. This study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01226394. FINDINGS: Between June 11, 2010, and March 31, 2015, 150 patients were recruited and randomly assigned to a treatment group (75 per group). After a median follow-up of 50·8 months (IQR 47·0-54·8), 3-year disease-free survival was 53% (95% CI 41-64) in the surveillance group versus 44% (33-56) in the second-look surgery group (hazard ratio 0·97, 95% CI 0·61-1·56). No treatment-related deaths were reported. 29 (41%) of 71 patients in the second-look surgery group had grade 3-4 complications. The most common grade 3-4 complications were intra-abdominal adverse events (haemorrhage, digestive leakage) in 12 (23%) of 71 patients and haematological adverse events in 13 (18%) of 71 patients. INTERPRETATION: Systematic second-look surgery plus oxaliplatin-HIPEC did not improve disease-free survival compared with standard surveillance. Currently, essential surveillance of patients at high risk of developing colorectal peritoneal metastases appears to be adequate and effective in terms of survival outcomes. FUNDING: French National Cancer Institute.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Fatores de Risco , Cirurgia de Second-Look/métodos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg ; 98(5): 319-323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726792

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The WHO declared 2019 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) a public health emergency of international concern. The National and Regional Health System has been reorganized, and many oncological patients died during this period or had to interrupt their therapies. This study summarizes a single-centre experience, during the COVID-19 period in Italy, in the treatment of brain metastases with Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKRS). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed our series of patients with brain metastases who underwent GKRS at the Niguarda Hospital from February 24 to April 24, 2020. RESULTS: We treated 30 patients with 66 brain metastases. A total of 22 patients came from home and 8 patients were admitted to the emergency room for urgent neurological symptoms. Duration of stay was limited to 0-1 day in 17 patients. We chose to treat a cluster of 9 patients, whose greater lesion exceeded 10 cm3, with 2-stage modality GKRS to minimize tumour recurrence and radiation necrosis. CONCLUSION: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the whole world is at a critical crossroads about the use of health care resources. During the COVID-19 outbreak, the deferral of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and a work backlog in every medical specialty are the natural consequences of reservation of resources for COVID-19 patients. GKRS improved symptoms and reduced the need for open surgeries, allowing many patients to continue their therapeutic path and sparing beds in ICUs. Neurosurgeons have to take into account the availability of stereotactic radiosurgery to reduce hospital stay, conciliating safety for patients and operators with the request for health care coming from the oncological patients and their families.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(7): 947-956, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indications for liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma are evolving and so-called expanded criteria remain debated. Locoregional therapies are able to downstage hepatocellular carcinoma from beyond to within the Milan criteria. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of liver transplantation after successful hepatocellular carcinoma downstaging. METHODS: We did an open-label, multicentre, randomised, controlled trial designed in two phases, 2b and 3, at nine Italian tertiary care and transplantation centres. Patients aged 18-65 years with hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the Milan criteria, absence of macrovascular invasion or extrahepatic spread, 5-year estimated post-transplantation survival of at least 50%, and good liver function (Child-Pugh A-B7) were recruited and underwent tumour downstaging with locoregional, surgical, or systemic therapies according to multidisciplinary decision. After an observation period of 3 months, during which sorafenib was allowed, patients with partial or complete responses according to modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors were randomly assigned (1:1) by an interactive web-response system to liver transplantation or non-transplantation therapies (control group). A block randomisation (block size of 2), stratified by centre and compliance to sorafenib treatment, was applied. Liver transplantation was done with whole or split organs procured from brain-dead donors. The control group received sequences of locoregional and systemic treatment at the time of demonstrated tumour progression. The primary outcomes were 5-year tumour event-free survival for phase 2b and overall survival for phase 3. Analyses were by intention to treat. Organ allocation policy changed during the course of the study and restricted patient accrual to 4 years. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01387503. FINDINGS: Between March 1, 2011, and March 31, 2015, 74 patients were enrolled. Median duration of downstaging was 6 months (IQR 4-11). 29 patients dropped out before randomisation and 45 were randomly assigned: 23 to the transplantation group versus 22 to the control group. At data cutoff on July 31, 2019, median follow-up was 71 months (IQR 60-85). 5-year tumour event-free survival was 76·8% (95% CI 60·8-96·9) in the transplantation group versus 18·3% (7·1-47·0) in the control group (hazard ratio [HR] 0·20, 95% CI 0·07-0·57; p=0·003). 5-year overall survival was 77·5% (95% CI 61·9-97·1) in the transplantation group versus 31·2% (16·6-58·5) in the control group (HR 0·32, 95% CI 0·11-0·92; p=0·035). The most common registered grade 3-4 serious adverse events were hepatitis C virus recurrence (three [13%] of 23 patients) and acute transplant rejection (two [9%]) in the transplantation group, and post-embolisation syndrome (two [9%] of 22 patients) in the control group. Treatment-related deaths occurred in four patients: two (8%) of 23 patients in the transplantation group (myocardial infarction and multi-organ failure) versus two (9%) of 22 patients in the control group (liver decompensation). INTERPRETATION: Although results must be interpreted with caution owing to the early closing of the trial, after effective and sustained downstaging of eligible hepatocellular carcinomas beyond the Milan criteria, liver transplantation improved tumour event-free survival and overall survival compared with non-transplantation therapies Post-downstaging tumour response could contribute to the expansion of hepatocellular carcinoma transplantation criteria. FUNDING: Italian Ministry of Health.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
12.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (6): 114-117, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573542

RESUMO

Patients with anterior mediastinum tumors fall into a difficult category due to high risk of invasion of vital structures and complexity of surgical correction. We report resection of recurrent hemangioma of anterior mediastinum with aortic arch replacement and simultaneous resection of left atrial myxoma in a 35-year-old woman. Successful treatment of these patients correlates with aggressive surgical approach followed by total resection of tumor and all affected vessels and other tissues.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Hemangioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Mixoma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/cirurgia , Adulto , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Mediastino/cirurgia
13.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(12): 1479-1492, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486865

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite, the strong rationale and evidence of the benefit of postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer, it has not been widely adopted, mainly due to its high morbidity and logistical difficulties. Intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a more tolerable and technically feasible method of intraperitoneal chemotherapy, whereas other potential advantages include homogenous drug distribution, application before tumor regrowth and combination with hyperthermia, which is directly cytotoxic and enhances the efficacy of many drugs. AREAS COVERED: In this review, the authors explain the rationale and indications for cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and HIPEC in advanced ovarian cancer. Data of major clinical studies, meta-analyses, and recent randomized trials are discussed. EXPERT OPINION: After many encouraging clinical studies and meta-analyses, a recent randomized study demonstrated survival benefit for HIPEC during interval CRS in primary ovarian cancer, without increased morbidity, whereas another implied its benefit in recurrent ovarian cancer. Results of recently completed and numerous ongoing randomized studies will further determine the benefit of HIPEC in ovarian cancer at different time points. Patient selection and appraisal of the best protocols are crucial. The field of gynecological oncology will most likely evolve to include HIPEC eventually as a routine treatment for ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
14.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 16(4): 273-279, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519506

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to identify the optimal candidates for early salvage radiotherapy (SRT) among patients with biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP). METHODS: This multi-institutional retrospective study included 371 patients treated using SRT after RP. The median (range) PSA level at BCR was 0.36 (0.10-2.00) ng/mL. The association between early SRT (ie, starting PSA level < 0.50) and BCR after SRT was tested in each subgroup according to our own risk stratification. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 51 months. By multivariate analysis, pT3b, Gleason score ≥ 8, negative surgical margins, PSA doubling time < 6 months, and non-early SRT were associated with BCR after SRT. Patients were stratified by four risk factors other than non-early SRT: (1) low risk (0 risk factor), (2) intermediate risk (1 risk factor), and (3) high risk (≥2 risk factors). The BCR-free survival was higher in the early SRT group than the nonearly SRT group in the high-risk subgroup (P = 0.020), whereas that was similar between two groups in the low-risk and intermediate-risk subgroups (P = .79 and .18, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that early SRT was beneficial for the high-risk subgroup (P = .032), whereas early SRT was not associated with improved outcomes in the low-risk and intermediate-risk subgroups (P = .92 and 1.0, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that early SRT seemed to contribute to better biochemical control for patients with more adverse features, whereas no benefit was observed in men with no adverse features.


Assuntos
Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(6): 788-794, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475235

RESUMO

AIMS: Survival rates and local control after resection of a sarcoma of the pelvis compare poorly to those of the limbs and have a high incidence of complications. The outcome for patients who need a hindquarter amputation (HQA) to treat a pelvic sarcoma is poor. Our aim was to evaluate the patient, tumour, and reconstructive factors that affect the survival of the patients who undergo HQA for primary or recurrent pelvic sarcoma. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of all sarcoma patients who had undergone a HQA in a supraregional sarcoma unit between 1996 and 2018. Outcomes included oncological, surgical, and survival characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 136 patients, with a mean age of 51 (12 to 83) underwent HQA, 91 for a bone sarcoma and 45 for a soft tissue sarcoma. The overall survival (OS) after primary HQA for a bone sarcoma was 90.7 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 64.1 to 117.2). In patients undergoing a secondary salvage HQA it was 90.3 months (95% CI 58.1 to 122.5) (p = 0.727). For those treated for a soft tissue sarcoma (STS), the mean OS was 59.3 months (95% CI 31.1 to 88.6) for patients with a primary HQA, and 12.5 months (95% CI 9.4 to 15.5) for those undergoing a secondary salvage HQA (p = 0.038). On multivariate analysis, high histological grade (hazard ratio (HR) 2.033, 95% CI 1.127 to 3.676; p = 0.018) and a diagnosis of STS (HR 1.653, 95% CI 1.027 to 2.660; p = 0.039) were associated with a poor prognosis. The 30-day mortality for patients with curative intent was 0.8% (1/128). For those in whom surgery was carried out with palliative intent it was 33.3% (2/6) (p = 0.001). In total, 53.7% (n = 73) of patients had at least one complication with 23.5% (n = 32) requiring at least one further operation. Direct closure was inferior to flap reconstruction in terms of complete primary wound healing (60.0% (3/5) vs 82.0% (82/100); p = 0.023). CONCLUSION: In carefully selected patients HQA is associated with satisfactory overall survival, with a low risk of perioperative mortality, but considerable morbidity. However, caution must be exercised when considering the procedure for palliation due to the high incidence of early postoperative mortality. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(6):788-794.


Assuntos
Amputação , Neoplasias Pélvicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pélvicas/cirurgia , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(6): 829-834, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525119

RESUMO

Background: Although bronchial sleeve resections were performed instead of pneumonectomy in patients with insufficient pulmonary function initially, it is currently available as an alternative to pneumonectomy even in patients with adequate pulmonary reserve. Aims: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the sleeve resections performed for lung cancer in terms of technical, postoperative complication mortality, survival rates and survival factors, complication and to compare them with the literature. Methods: Patients who underwent sleeve lung resection with diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer at our department between January 2012 and December 2017 were included in the study. Patients' data were analyzed according to tumor size, tumor histopathology, hilar/mediastinal lymph nodes invasion status, postoperative complications, operative mortality, resection type, overall survival and diseases-free survival, tumor location, and length of stay in intensive care unit. Results: A total of 71 patients included the study. Right upper sleeve lobectomy was applied to 40 (56.3%) patients and left upper sleeve lobectomy was performed to 19 (26.8%) patients. The most common histopathological diagnosis was squamous cell carcinoma. The mean tumor diameter was 3.39 (SD: 2.25) cm. There was no nodal invasion in 41 (57.7%) patients and N1 nodal positivity was detected in 18 (25.4%) patients and N2 positivity in 12 (16.9%) patients. Median survival time was 43.6 months (35.4-51.8 months), the 3- and 5-year overall survival were 65.7% and 40.6%, respectively. There was a statistically significant correlation relationship between nodal invasion and recurrence, but this relation was not found in overall survival. Conclusion: In our study, no significant correlation was found between mediastinal lymph node invasion and overall survival. Supporting this result with multi-centered and prospective studies may encourage surgeons for sleeve resection in indicated patients had lung cancer with nodal invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Clin Neurosci ; 77: 168-174, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360158

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to more fully understand the optimal neurosurgical strategy for spinal benign meningiomas from a medium to long-term perspective. This retrospective study included a cohort of 35 patients with a diagnosis of spinal meningioma who were first operated at our institute over the past 10 years and followed-up for at least 2 years after surgery. The inclusion criterion for the study was the pathological diagnosis finally verified as benign meningioma of World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1. The average follow-up duration after surgery was 61.0 months. The location of the spinal meningioma was classified into ventral or dorsal type based on the operative video record and the preoperative MR images. The extent of resection of the spinal meningioma was carefully determined based on the Simpson grade. The average neurological condition was significantly improved at the final follow-up. Simpson grade I or II resection was achieved in 31 of 35 cases (88.6%). No Simpson grade I or II cases showed local recurrence during follow-up. Tumor recurrence was noted in 2 of 4 cases of Simpson grade IV resection. One case has been followed-up without any re-operation because of no neurological deterioration, and the other case underwent stereotactic radiosurgery. This study suggested that meticulous Simpson grade II resection of spinal benign meningiomas of WHO grade 1 may be good enough from a medium to long-term follow-up perspective, though longer follow-up is absolutely necessary.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patologia , Meningioma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (4): 65-69, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352671

RESUMO

We report surgical treatment of a 65-year-old patient with recurrent hemangioendothelioma of inferior and middle segment of inferior vena cava with spread to previously established prosthesis. Advanced resection of inferior vena cava and right-sided nephrectomy were not followed by complications and resulted R0 resection. Surgery time was 180 min. Inferior vena cava cross-clamping time was 30 min. Total blood loss was 300 ml. Hemangioendothelioma is a rare tumor with unpredictable potential for malignant transformation and obligatory indications for surgical treatment. Resection and reconstruction of inferior vena cava and renal veins with a synthetic conduit is effective and safe procedure.


Assuntos
Hemangioendotelioma/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Vasculares/patologia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Idoso , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Hemangioendotelioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Nefrectomia , Veias Renais/patologia , Veias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Vasculares/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia
19.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(4): 259-265, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375433

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the perioperative situation and recent effect of pelvic exenteration for patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer. Methods: A total of 17 patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer who underwent pelvic exenteration in Peking University People's Hospital from October 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed for their clinical and pathological characteristics, surgical conditions, hospitalization costs, postoperative complications, and survival situation. Results: (1) The median age of 17 patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer was 51 years (range 27-64 years). Pathological type: 13 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 2 cases of adenocarcinoma, and 2 cases of adenosquamous carcinoma. Thirteen patients received radiotherapy during the initial treatment and 4 patients did not receive radiotherapy. (2) Pelvic exenteration was performed in 17 patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer, of which 9 cases were performed with total pelvic exenteration (operation range including radical cystectomy, partial urethrectomy rectectomy and partial vaginalectomy), and 8 cases with anterior pelvic exenteration operation (operation range including: radical cystectomy, part of urethrectomy and part of vaginalectomy). Of the 17 patients successfully completed the operation. The median operation time was 450 minutes (range 240-760 minutes), the median intraoperative blood loss was 2 200 ml (range 200- 8 400 ml), the median postoperative hospital stay was 17 days (range 9-55 days), the median hospital cost was 83 857 yuan (range 41 588-296 354 yuan). (3) Of the 17 patients underwent pelvic exenteration, 16 of them had early complications, the most common one was fever (14 cases). Fourteen of them had late complications, and the most common one was a urinary system infection (12 cases). (4) The median overall survival time was 26.0 months (range 3-44 months), the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 9.0 months (range 2-44 months). Among them, 13 patients received radiation therapy during the initial treatment, the median PFS time was 9.0 months (range 2-30 months); 4 patients did not receive radiation therapy in the initial treatment, the median PFS time was 10.5 months (range 2-44 months).Eleven patients received adjuvant therapy after pelvic exenteration, the median PFS time was 12.0 months (range 2-44 months); 6 patients did not receive adjuvant therapy, the median PFS time was 5.0 months (range 2-9 months). Conclusions: Pelvic exenteration has a wide range of operations, many postoperative complications, and high hospitalization costs. Adjuvant treatment after pelvic exenteration could improve the PFS time for some patients. Its clinical value and health economic value need to be further explored.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Exenteração Pélvica , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
20.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 77, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) is a malignant tumor of the female genital tract that mostly presents intraperitoneal dissemination in clinical practice. The incidence of upper anterior mediastinal metastasis in PFTCs is extremely rare. We herein report a rare case of PFTC mediastinal metastasis after radical resection. When anterior mediastinal metastasis of an unknown origin is encountered, the possibility of PFTC should be considered. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old female who was previously diagnosed with PFTC after radical resection of a primary tumor in the fallopian tube was admitted to our department with a right anterior mediastinum mass. Radical resection of the mediastinal mass was performed, and poorly differentiated metastatic adenocarcinoma of the fallopian tube was confirmed. There was no recurrence in the 24 months after the curative operation. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, no mediastinal metastasis of PFTC has been reported yet. Thus, we presented this rare case indicating the heterogeneity of this malignant disease and to draw attention to the occasional distant metastasis of PFTC in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/secundário , Mediastino/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/cirurgia , Tubas Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia
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