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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612770

RESUMO

This study utilized a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) for fluoride removal from high-concentration fluoride-ion-containing simulated semiconductor industry wastewater and recovered high-purity CaF2 crystals. The effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT), pH, Ca2+ to F- ratio, upflow velocity, seed size and seed bed height were investigated by performing lab-scale batch experiments. Considering fluoride removal and CaF2 crystallization efficiency, 5 h HRT, pH 6, seed height of 50 cm and [Ca2+]/[F-] ratio of 0.55 (mol/mol) were found to be optimum. The effect of the interaction between the important process parameters on fluoride removal was further analyzed using response surface methodology (RSM) experimental design. The results showed that all the individual parameters have a significant impact (p = 0.0001) on fluoride removal. SEM-EDX and FTIR analysis showed the composition of the crystals formed inside FBR. HR-XRD analysis confirmed that the crystalline structure of samples was mainly CaF2. The results clearly demonstrated the feasibility of silica seed material containing FBR for efficient removal and recovery of fluoride as high-purity calcium fluoride crystals.


Assuntos
Fluoreto de Cálcio , Fluoretos , Águas Residuárias , Cristalização , Semicondutores
2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301630, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603689

RESUMO

Aiming at the weak performance of chaotic light output in semiconductor laser systems, the study designed a power control algorithm for semiconductor laser drive systems based on linear self-disturbance rejection control. Then the optimization parameters and scope were determined, and multi-objective optimization and direction preference algorithms were introduced. A chaotic optical performance optimization model based on improved multi-objective genetic algorithm was constructed using adaptive functions as evaluation indicators. These results confirmed that the larger the bandwidth of the controller, the faster the response speed of the resonant converter, but the stability was poor. When the input voltage underwent a sudden change, the current ripple coefficient of the PID algorithm was 0.55%. The linear active disturbance rejection control algorithm could ensure that the voltage and current maintained at the set values, and the output current of the algorithm was more stable when the load underwent sudden changes. The directional preference algorithm could further provide more valuable solutions on the basis of adaptive genetic algorithms. When the peak value of the autocorrelation function was equal to 0.2, the delay characteristics of chaotic light were effectively suppressed, having strong signal bandwidth and complexity. In summary, the constructed model has good application effects in optimizing chaotic optical performance and has certain positive significance for communication security.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Lasers Semicondutores , Comunicação , Tempo de Reação , Semicondutores
3.
Dalton Trans ; 53(15): 6690-6708, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38529641

RESUMO

The drawbacks inherent to traditional antibacterial therapies, coupled with the escalating prevalence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) microorganisms, have prompted the imperative need for novel antibacterial strategies. Accordingly, the emerging field of piezocatalysis in semiconductors harnesses mechanical stress to drive chemical reactions by utilizing piezo-generated free charge carriers, presenting a promising technology. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of the eradication of pathogenic S. aureus bacteria using few-layer black phosphorus (SCBP) piezo catalyst under mechanical stimuli, along with the exploration of temperature dependent dielectric properties. The synthesis of the piezo catalysts involved a one-step cost-effective sonochemical method, and its structural, morphological, elemental, optical, and overall polarization properties were thoroughly characterized and compared with the traditional method-derived product (TABP). The synthesis-introduced defects, reduced crystalline diameters, modified bandgap (1.76 eV), nanoparticle aggregation, photoluminescence quenching, along with interfacial polarization, synergistically contribute to SCBP's exceptional dielectric response (4.596 × 107 @40 Hz), which in turn enhanced the piezocatalytic activity. When subjected to soft ultrasound stimulation at 15 kHz, the piezo catalyst SCBP demonstrated significant ROS-mediated antibacterial activity, resulting in a ∼94.7% mortality rate within 40 minutes. The impact of this study extends to cost-effective energy storage devices and advances in antibacterial therapy, opening new dimensions in both fields.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Fósforo , Semicondutores
4.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 254: 116200, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518562

RESUMO

Detection of microbial pathogens is important for food safety reasons, and for monitoring sanitation in laboratory environments and health care settings. Traditional detection methods such as culture-based and nucleic acid-based methods are time-consuming, laborious, and require expensive laboratory equipment. Recently, ATP-based bioluminescence methods were developed to assess surface contamination, with commercial products available. In this study, we introduce a biosensor based on a CMOS image sensor for ATP-mediated chemiluminescence detection. The original lens and IR filter were removed from the CMOS sensor revealing a 12 MP periodic microlens/pixel array on an area of 6.5 mm × 3.6 mm. UltraSnap swabs are used to collect samples from solid surfaces including personal electronic devices, and office and laboratory equipment. Samples mixed with chemiluminescence reagents were placed directly on the surface of the image sensor. Close proximity of the sample to the photodiode array leads to high photon collection efficiency. The population of microorganisms can be assessed and quantified by analyzing the intensity of measured chemiluminescence. We report a linear range and limit of detection for measuring ATP in UltraSnap buffer of 10-1000 nM and 225 fmol, respectively. The performance of the CMOS-based device was compared to a commercial luminometer, and a high correlation with a Pearson's correlation coefficient of 0.98589 was obtained. The Bland-Altman plot showed no significant bias between the results of the two methods. Finally, microbial contamination of different surfaces was analyzed with both methods, and the CMOS biosensor exhibited the same trend as the commercial luminometer.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Semicondutores , Trifosfato de Adenosina
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339204

RESUMO

Nanomaterials are widely used in various fields, and ongoing research is focused on developing safe and sustainable nanomaterials. Using zebrafish as a model organism for studying the potentially toxic effects of nanomaterials highlights the importance of developing safe and sustainable nanomaterials. Studies conducted on nanomaterials and their toxicity and potential risks to human and environmental health are vital in biomedical sciences. In the present review, we discuss the potential toxicity of nanomaterials (inorganic and organic) and exposure risks based on size, shape, and concentration. The review further explores various types of nanomaterials and their impacts on zebrafish at different levels, indicating that exposure to nanomaterials can lead to developmental defects, changes in gene expressions, and various toxicities. The review also covers the importance of considering natural organic matter and chorion membranes in standardized nanotoxicity testing. While some nanomaterials are biologically compatible, metal and semiconductor nanomaterials that enter the water environment can increase toxicity to aquatic creatures and can potentially accumulate in the human body. Further investigations are necessary to assess the safety of nanomaterials and their impacts on the environment and human health.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanoestruturas , Humanos , Animais , Peixe-Zebra , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Óxidos , Semicondutores
6.
Chemosphere ; 352: 141354, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311034

RESUMO

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)-based heterostructured photocatalysts have received significant attention for its potential applications in the treatment of wastewater and hydrogen evolution. The utilization of semiconductor materials in heterogeneous photocatalysis has recently received great attention due to their potential and eco-friendly properties. Doping with metal ions plays a crucial role in altering the photochemical characteristics of g-C3N4, effectively enhancing photoabsorption into the visible range and thus improving the photocatalytic performance of doped photocatalysts. As an emerging nanomaterial, nanostructured g-C3N4 represents a visible light-active semiconducting photocatalyst that has attracted significant interest in the photocatalysis field, particularly for its practical water treatment applications. To the best of our knowledge, investigations of functionalized photocatalytic (PC) materials on 3d transition metal-doped g-C3N4 remain unexplored in the existing literature. g-C3N4 based heterohybrid photocatalysts have demonstrated excellent reusability, making them highly promising for wastewater treatment applications. This paper describes the overview of numerous studies conducted on the heterostructured g-C3N4 photocatalysts with various 3d metals. Research studies have revealed that the introduction of element doping with various 3d transition metals (e.g., Ti, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, etc.) into g-C3N4 is an efficient approach to enhance degradation efficacy and boost photocatalytic activity (PCA) of doped g-C3N4 catalysts. Moreover, the significance of g-C3N4 heterostructured nanohybrids is highlighted, particularly in the context of wastewater treatment applications. The study concludes by providing insights into future perspectives in this developing area of research, with a specific focus on the degradation of various organic contaminants.


Assuntos
Luz , Nanoestruturas , Catálise , Semicondutores , Águas Residuárias
7.
Ann Nucl Med ; 38(4): 278-287, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of whole-body digital 11C-methionine (MET) PET/CT imaging for simultaneous evaluation of thoracic cancer patients suspected of local recurrence (LR) after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastasis. METHODS: A total of 45 lung or breast cancer patients suspected of LR after SRS were investigated using brain and whole-body MET-PET/CT scans. We compared the tumor-to-normal ratio (TNR) and maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) between patients with LR and radiation necrosis (RN) and performed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses. We also investigated associations among extracranial recurrence, intracranial recurrence, primary site, and initial treatment type. RESULTS: A total of 44 LR and 14 RN lesions were analyzed. In the ROC analyses for differentiating LR from RN, TNR showed higher area under the curve (AUC) (0.82) than SUVmax (0.79), and the cutoff TNR value (2.12) was higher than current cutoff values of conventional PET systems. The whole-body scans detected extracranial recurrences in 31.1% of the patients. Recurrence rates were not significantly correlated with existence of intracranial recurrence or primary site, but patients who underwent non-surgical treatment (consisting of stage III/ IV patients according to the Union for International Cancer Control TNM classification or small-cell lung cancer patients) showed significantly higher recurrence than the surgically treated patients (68.8% vs. 10.3%, p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In digital MET-PET/CT imaging, TNR was a more useful parameter to differentiate LR from RN than SUVmax, and the cutoff value was higher than those with conventional PET systems. Additional whole-body scans could detect extracranial recurrence and would be especially useful for advanced thoracic cancer patients who underwent non-surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Metionina , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Racemetionina , Semicondutores , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 161, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of enhancement filters on the formation of halo artifacts in radiographs of dental implants obtained with a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) system. METHODS: Digital radiographs of dental implants placed in dry human mandibles were processed with the Noise Reduction smoothing filter, as well as the Sharpen 1, Sharpen 4, and Sharpen UM high-pass filters available in the CLINIVIEW™ software (Instrumentarium Dental, Tuusula, Finland). Subjective analysis involved evaluating the left, right, and apical surfaces of each implant for the presence of much, few, or no halo. The objective analysis involved measurement of the halo area using the Trainable Weka Segmentation plugin (ImageJ, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA). Data were analyzed using Friedman's test (subjective analysis) and ANOVA (objective analysis) (α = 5%). RESULTS: In the subjective evaluation, the Sharpen 4 filter produced more radiographs with much halo present, and in the objective evaluation, a bigger halo area when compared to the original images and the Noise Reduction filter for all surfaces (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: When evaluating dental implants, priority should be given to original images and those enhanced with smoothing filters since they exhibit fewer halo artifacts. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Post-processing tools, such as enhancement filters, may improve the image quality and assist some diagnostic tasks. However, little is known regarding the impact of enhancement filters in halo formation on CMOS systems, which have been increasingly used in dental offices.


Assuntos
Artefatos , Implantes Dentários , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Interface Osso-Implante , Óxidos , Semicondutores
9.
Nanoscale ; 16(10): 4961-4973, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390689

RESUMO

Microbial contamination and antibiotic pollution have threatened public health and it is important to develop a rapid and safe sterilization strategy. Among various disinfection strategies, photocatalytic antibacterial methods have drawn increasing attention due to their efficient disinfection performances and environment-friendly properties. Although there are some reviews about bacterial disinfection, specific reviews on photocatalysis focused on inorganic semiconductor nanomaterials are rarely reported. Herein, we present a systematic summary of recent disinfection developments based on inorganic nanomaterials (including metal oxides, sulfides, phosphides, carbon materials, and corresponding heterostructures) over the past five years. Moreover, key factors and challenges for inorganic nanomaterial-based photocatalytic disinfection are outlined, which holds great potential for future photocatalytic antibacterial applications.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Nanoestruturas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Desinfecção , Óxidos , Semicondutores
10.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(13): 19687-19698, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366321

RESUMO

As a visible-light response semiconductor materials, bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) is extensively applied in photodegradation organic dye field. In this study, we synthesized C3N5 nanosheets and coupled with decahedral BiVO4 to construct a Z-scheme C3N5/BiVO4 heterostructure with close interface contact. By introducing C3N5 into BiVO4, the built Z-scheme transfer pathway provides silky channel for charge carrier migration between different moieties and enables photoexcited electrons and holes accumulated on the surface of BiVO4 and C3N5. The accelerated separation of charge carriers ensures C3N5/BiVO4 heterostructures with a powerful oxidation capacity compared with pure BiVO4. Due to the synergistic effect in Z-scheme heterostructure, the C3N5/BiVO4 demonstrated an improved photodegradation ability of rhodamine B (RhB) and methylene blue (MB) that of bare BiVO4.


Assuntos
Luz , Semicondutores , Catálise , Fotólise , Azul de Metileno/química
11.
Nature ; 626(8001): 990-998, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383782

RESUMO

Electrode-based electrical stimulation underpins several clinical bioelectronic devices, including deep-brain stimulators1,2 and cardiac pacemakers3. However, leadless multisite stimulation is constrained by the technical difficulties and spatial-access limitations of electrode arrays. Optogenetics offers optically controlled random access with high spatiotemporal capabilities, but clinical translation poses challenges4-6. Here we show tunable spatiotemporal photostimulation of cardiac systems using a non-genetic platform based on semiconductor-enabled biomodulation interfaces. Through spatiotemporal profiling of photoelectrochemical currents, we assess the magnitude, precision, accuracy and resolution of photostimulation in four leadless silicon-based monolithic photoelectrochemical devices. We demonstrate the optoelectronic capabilities of the devices through optical overdrive pacing of cultured cardiomyocytes (CMs) targeting several regions and spatial extents, isolated rat hearts in a Langendorff apparatus, in vivo rat hearts in an ischaemia model and an in vivo mouse heart model with transthoracic optical pacing. We also perform the first, to our knowledge, optical override pacing and multisite pacing of a pig heart in vivo. Our systems are readily adaptable for minimally invasive clinical procedures using our custom endoscopic delivery device, with which we demonstrate closed-thoracic operations and endoscopic optical stimulation. Our results indicate the clinical potential of the leadless, lightweight and multisite photostimulation platform as a pacemaker in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), in which lead-placement complications are common.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Desenho de Equipamento , Marca-Passo Artificial , Silício , Animais , Camundongos , Ratos , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Endoscopia , Coração , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Miócitos Cardíacos , Semicondutores , Suínos , Modelos Animais
12.
Talanta ; 272: 125811, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387373

RESUMO

Sensitive and quantitative detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has been determined to be indispensable for clinical diagnostics of prostate cancer, whereas such detection is quite challenging due to the extremely low concentration of biomarkers in human serum samples. In this study, a photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensor was effectively developed for the high-sensitivity analysis of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) using a signal amplification method utilizing sensitized carbon quantum dots (CQDs). In this experiment, cadmium sulfide quantum dots were employed as the substrate materials, and indium copper sulfide quantum dots were loaded on their surfaces. Moreover, the efficient matching of energy levels in these two materials contributed to the generation of photocurrents. The aforementioned heterojunction semiconductor QDs were thus combined with CQDs to produce CQDs on their surfaces. As a result of the presence of CQDs, the ability of heterojunction materials to absorb light was remarkably enhanced, increasing the photocurrent by over ten times. Consequently, in this study, CQDs were combined with PEC sensors, and the developed PEC biosensors exhibited excellent optical performance, sensitivity, repeatability, and stability. The results obtained from the analysis of actual samples were satisfactory and have promising application prospects.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Pontos Quânticos , Masculino , Humanos , Carbono , Antígeno Prostático Específico/análise , Semicondutores , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Imunoensaio/métodos
13.
Anal Chem ; 96(4): 1678-1685, 2024 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38215346

RESUMO

In this paper, an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of CA19-9 was constructed using ternary compound CdSSe nanoparticles as ECL emitter. The immunosensor employs Cu2S and gold-doped diindium trioxide (Au-In2O3) nanocubes as coreaction accelerators to achieve a double-amplification strategy. In general, a hexagonal maple leaf-shaped Cu2S with a large surface area was selected as the template, and the in situ growth of CdSSe on its surface was achieved using a hydrothermal method. The presence of Cu2S not only inhibited the aggregation of CdSSe nanoparticles to reduce their surface energy but also acted as an ECL cathode coreaction promoter, facilitating the generation of SO4•-. Consequently, the ECL intensity of CdSSe was significantly enhanced, and the reduction potential was significantly lower. In addition, the template method was employed to synthesize Au-In2O3 nanocubes, which offers the advantage of directly connecting materials with antibodies, resulting in a more stable construction of the immunosensor. Furthermore, In2O3 serves as a coreaction promoter, enabling the amplification strategy for ECL intensity of CdSSe, thus contributing to the enhanced sensitivity and performance of the immunosensor. The constructed immunosensor exhibited a wide linear range (100 µU mL-1 to 100 U mL-1) and a low detection limit of 80 µU mL-1, demonstrating its high potential and practical value for sensitive detection of CA19-9.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Antígeno CA-19-9 , Imunoensaio/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Testes Imunológicos , Semicondutores , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Ouro
14.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 772, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38278790

RESUMO

Biological molecule-semiconductor interfacing has triggered numerous opportunities in applied physics such as bio-assisted data storage and computation, brain-computer interface, and advanced distributed bio-sensing. The introduction of electronics into biological embodiment is being quickly developed as it has great potential in providing adaptivity and improving functionality. Reciprocally, introducing biomaterials into semiconductors to manifest bio-mimetic functionality is impactful in triggering new enhanced mechanisms. In this study, we utilize the vulnerable perovskite semiconductors as a platform to understand if certain types of biomolecules can regulate the lattice and endow a unique mechanism for stabilizing the metastable perovskite lattice. Three tiers of biomolecules have been systematically tested and the results reveal a fundamental mechanism for the formation of a "reverse-micelle" structure. Systematic exploration of a large set of biomolecules led to the discovery of guiding principle for down-selection of biomolecules which extends the classic emulsion theory to this hybrid systems. Results demonstrate that by introducing biomaterials into semiconductors, natural phenomena typically observed in biological systems can also be incorporated into semiconducting crystals, providing a new perspective to engineer existing synthetic materials.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Micelas , Óxidos , Titânio , Óxidos/química , Semicondutores , Materiais Biocompatíveis
15.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(2): 113, 2024 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286863

RESUMO

Semiconductor materials have become a competitive candidate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate. However, powdered semiconductors are difficult to execute a fast in situ detection for trace analytes. Here, we developed a new flexible semiconductor SERS substrate by in situ densely growing anatase TiO2 nanoparticles on the surface of cotton fabric through a filtration-hydrothermal method, in which TiO2 exhibits excellent controllability in size and distribution by regulating the ratio of water to alcohol in synthesis and the number of filtration-hydrothermal repetitive cycle. Cotton fabric/TiO2 (Cot/TiO2) substrate exhibits a high SERS activity and excellent spectral repeatability. The developed substrate has an ultra-high stability that can withstand long-term preservation; it can even resist the corrosions of strong acid and alkali, as well as high temperature up to 100 °C and low temperature down to - 20 °C. The flexible substrate can be used to carry out a rapid in situ detection for quinolone antibiotic (enrofloxacin and enoxacin) residues on the fish body surface by using a simple swabbing method, with high quantitative detection potential (up to an order of magnitude of 10-7 M), and even for the simultaneous detection of both drug residues. The flexible substrate also exhibits an excellent recyclability up to 6 recycles in the actual SERS detection.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Animais , Prata/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Semicondutores
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 261(Pt 2): 129819, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38290631

RESUMO

Protein self-assembly can be accurately manipulated to form ordered nanostructures through various supramolecular forces. This strategy is expected to make significant breakthroughs in the field of new biomimetic functional materials. Specifically, the construction of photocatalytic systems on two-dimensional (2D) flexible protein nanosheets meets a great challenge. We introduce a synthetic methodology for creating single-layer semiconductor-decorated protein 2D materials under mild conditions with enhanced light-driven hydrogen production. This approach employs a bioengineered green fluorescent protein (E4P) with the addition of a Cd-binding peptide, enabling precise control of the assembly of CdS quantum dots (QDs) on the protein's surface. Consequently, we obtained 4.3 nm-thin single-layer 2D protein nanosheets with substantial surface areas ideal for accommodating CdS QDs. By orthogonal incorporation of metal-binding peptides and supramolecular coordination, significantly enhancing the overall photocatalytic efficiency. Our findings demonstrate the potential for stable and efficient hydrogen production, highlighting the adaptability and biocompatibility of protein scaffolds for photocatalysis.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos , Pontos Quânticos , Semicondutores , Engenharia Biomédica , Hidrogênio
17.
IEEE Trans Nanobioscience ; 23(2): 336-343, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38224505

RESUMO

This work introduces a systematic approach for the development of Kretschmann configuration-based biosensors designed for non-invasive urine glucose detection. The methodology encompasses the utilization of various semiconductors, including Silicon (Si), Germanium (Ge), Gallium Nitride (GaN), Aluminum Nitride (AlN), and Indium Nitride (InN), in combination with a bimetallic layer (comprising Au and Ag films of equal thickness) to enhance the biosensor sensitivity. Additionally, 2D nanomaterials, such as Black Phosphorus and Graphene, are integrated into the semiconductor layers to enhance performance further. These configurations are meticulously optimized through the application of the transfer matrix method (TMM), and the sensing parameters are assessed using the angular modulation method. Among the semiconductors, AlN and GaN exhibit superior results. On these substrates, Graphene and Black phosphorous (BP) layers are applied, resulting in four final structures (thicknesses in nm): BK7/Au(26)/Ag(26)/Si(6)/BP(0.53)/Biosample, BK7/Au(26)/Ag(26)/AlN(14)/BP(0.53)/Biosample, BK7/Au(26)/Ag(26)/GaN(12)/BP(0.53)/Biosample, and BK7/Au(26)/Ag(26)/GaN(12)/Graphene(0.34)/Biosample. These biosensors achieve Sensitivity(° /RIU) and Figure of Merit (FoM) (1/RIU) of 380, 360, 440, 400, and 58.5, 90, 90.65, and 82.4, respectively. Subsequently, these high-performing sensors undergo testing with actual urine glucose samples. Among them, two biosensors, BK7/Au(26)/Ag(26)/AlN(14)/BP (0.53)/Biosample and BK7/Au(26)/Ag(26)/GaN(14)/Graphene(0.34)/Biosample, exhibit outstanding performance, with sensitivities (° /RIU) and FoM (1/RIU) of 394.44 & 294.44, and 112.6 & 92.01 respectively. A comparison is also made with relevant previously published work, revealing improved performance in glucose detection.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio , Grafite , Nanoestruturas , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Glucose , Semicondutores , Silício
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199246

RESUMO

Significant progress has been achieved in the field of solid-state biosensors over the past 50 years. Various sensing devices with high-density integration and flexible configuration, as well as new applications for clinical diagnosis and healthcare, have been developed using blood, serum, and other body fluids such as sweat, tears, and saliva. A high-density array of ion-sensitive field effect transistors was developed by exploiting the advantages of advanced semiconductor technologies and commercialized in combination with an enzymatic primer extension reaction as a DNA sequencer in 2011. Different types of materials such as inorganic materials, metals, polymers, and biomolecules are mixed together on the surface of the gate while maintaining their own functions; therefore, compatibility among different materials has to be optimized so that the best detection performance of solid-state biosensors, including stability and reliability, is achieved as designed. Solid-state biosensors are suitable for the rapid, cost-effective, and noninvasive identification of biomarkers at various timepoints over the course of a disease.


Assuntos
Líquidos Corporais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Semicondutores
19.
Chemosphere ; 352: 141315, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286308

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemical systems utilizing solar energy have garnered significant attention for their sustainability in remediating contaminated water. This study focuses on advancing photoanode development through the utilization of carbon nitrides (C3N4) and bismuth vanadate (BiVO4), two promising semiconductor materials renowned for their efficient electron-hole pair separation leading to enhanced photocatalytic activity. Four distinct materials were synthesized and compared: BiVO4 over C3N4, C3N4 over BiVO4, and pristine BiVO4 and C3N4. Upon electrochemical analysis, the C3N4-BiVO4 heterostructure exhibited the highest photoelectrocatalytic charge transfer constant, mobility, and lifetime of charge carriers. Capitalizing on these exceptional properties, the composite was applied to remove organic matter real effluent from the textile industry. The photoelectrodegradation of the effluent demonstrated substantial removal of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and the generation of low toxicity degradation products, accompanied by low energy consumption. The compelling results underscore the high potential of the synthesized C3N4-BiVO4 heterostructure for industrial applications, particularly in addressing environmental challenges associated with textile industry effluents.


Assuntos
Elétrons , Águas Residuárias , Semicondutores , Têxteis , Carbono
20.
Talanta ; 269: 125472, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38039673

RESUMO

Conventional N-type semiconductor-based photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensors are difficult to achieve high selectivity for ascorbic acid (AA) detection in real samples because co-existing reducing agents act as hole sacrificial agents like AA to promote the increase of photocurrent. Cerium dioxide (CeO2) is a superoxide dismutase-like nanozyme with the reversible Ce3+/Ce4+ redox pair as well as one of alternative N-type semiconductors. To address the problem of PEC detection selectivity of AA, bifunctional CeO2 is a good choice. Herein, a novel and rational PEC biosensor for AA is constructed based on CeO2 hollow spheres as both AA superoxide dismutase-like nanozyme and the photoelectric beacon, which enable the PEC approach with high selectivity. In this protocol, AA can selectively induce a decrease in the CeO2-based photoanode current, which is significantly different from the conventional N-type semiconductor-based PEC sensor, this unique working mechanism is also proposed. The results show that the CeO2-based photocurrent response decreases linearly with AA concentrations in the ranges of 1 µM-600 µM and 600 µM-3000 µM, with a limit of detection of 0.33 µM. Moreover, the fabricated PEC biosensor has advantages of cost-effectiveness, replicability, and stability. Additionally, the sensor is competent for AA determination in practical settings and has achieved satisfactory results.


Assuntos
Cério , Superóxido Dismutase , Ácido Ascórbico , Semicondutores
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