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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 480, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578387

RESUMO

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder characterized by mutation in the FMR1 gene, leading to the absence or reduced levels of fragile X Messenger Ribonucleoprotein 1 (FMRP). This results in neurodevelopmental deficits, including autistic spectrum conditions. On the other hand, Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a distinct disorder caused by the premutation in the FMR1 gene. FXTAS is associated with elevated levels of FMR1 mRNA, leading to neurodegenerative manifestations such as tremors and ataxia.Mounting evidence suggests a link between both syndromes and mitochondrial dysfunction (MDF). In this minireview, we critically examine the intricate relationship between FXS, FXTAS, and MDF, focusing on potential therapeutic avenues to counteract or mitigate their adverse effects. Specifically, we explore the role of mitochondrial cofactors and antioxidants, with a particular emphasis on alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), carnitine (CARN) and Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10). Findings from this review will contribute to a deeper understanding of these disorders and foster novel therapeutic strategies to enhance patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil , Doenças Mitocondriais , Humanos , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/genética , Tremor/tratamento farmacológico , Tremor/genética , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ataxia/tratamento farmacológico , Ataxia/genética , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/genética
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617829

RESUMO

Background: Spinocerebellar ataxia 21 (SCA21) is a rare neurological disorder caused by heterozygous variants in TMEM240. A growing, yet still limited number of reports suggested that hyperkinetic movements should be considered a defining component of the disease. Case Series: We describe two newly identified families harboring the recurrent pathogenic TMEM240 p.Pro170Leu variant. Both index patients and the mother of the first proband developed movement disorders, manifesting as myoclonic dystonia and action-induced dystonia without co-occurring ataxia in one case, and pancerebellar syndrome complicated by action-induced dystonia in the other. We reviewed the literature on TMEM240 variants linked to hyperkinetic disorders, comparing our cases to described phenotypes. Discussion: Adding to prior preliminary observations, our series highlights the relevance of hyperkinetic movements as clinically meaningful features of SCA21. TMEM240 mutation should be included in the differential diagnosis of myoclonic dystonia and ataxia-dystonia syndromes.


Assuntos
Distonia , Distúrbios Distônicos , Mioclonia , Degenerações Espinocerebelares , Humanos , Distonia/diagnóstico , Distonia/genética , Mioclonia/diagnóstico , Mioclonia/genética , Hipercinese , Ataxia , Doenças Raras , Síndrome , Proteínas de Membrana
3.
Urol Clin North Am ; 51(2): 221-232, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609194

RESUMO

Detrusor sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) is defined as a detrusor contraction concurrent with an involuntary contraction of the urethral and/or periurethral striated muscles typically occurring in a patient with a spinal cord lesion above the sacral cord. Consequently, high urethral closure pressures during the detrusor contraction leads to high intravesical voiding pressure and large postvoid residuals, which can lead to significant complications in up to 50% of patients if DSD is not treated and followed-up regularly. DSD treatment options are centered around symptomatic management rather that addressing the underlying causative mechanisms.


Assuntos
Ataxia , Uretra , Humanos
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8571, 2024 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609436

RESUMO

This study emphasizes the benefits of open-source software such as DeepLabCut (DLC) and R to automate, customize and enhance data analysis of motor behavior. We recorded 2 different spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 mouse models while performing the classic beamwalk test, tracked multiple body parts using the markerless pose-estimation software DLC and analyzed the tracked data using self-written scripts in the programming language R. The beamwalk analysis script (BAS) counts and classifies minor and major hindpaw slips with an 83% accuracy compared to manual scoring. Nose, belly and tail positions relative to the beam, as well as the angle at the tail base relative to the nose and tail tip were determined to characterize motor deficits in greater detail. Our results found distinct ataxic abnormalities such as an increase in major left hindpaw slips and a lower belly and tail position in both SCA6 ataxic mouse models compared to control mice at 18 months of age. Furthermore, a more detailed analysis of various body parts relative to the beam revealed an overall lower body position in the SCA684Q compared to the CT-longQ27PC mouse line at 18 months of age, indicating a more severe ataxic deficit in the SCA684Q group.


Assuntos
Ataxia , Ataxias Espinocerebelares , Animais , Camundongos , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/genética , Análise de Dados , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Nariz
6.
Neurol India ; 72(1): 138-141, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443015

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a treatable autosomal recessive disorder with varied clinical manifestations and age of onset and is often diagnosed late. We report three cases of CTX who presented at our center with clinical features of frequent diarrhea, early cataracts, xanthomas, cognitive decline, ataxia, neuropathy, and other manifestations of CTX. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain in all three patients revealed abnormalities consistent with CTX. Diagnosis was confirmed by next-generation sequencing. Chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) is recommended as the drug of choice, as it can halt the disease progression and reverse some of the symptoms. In addition to late diagnosis, nonavailability of CDCA in our part of world adds to the problem of management of such patients; therefore, they are often started on alternative therapies, which are less effective.


Assuntos
Xantomatose Cerebrotendinosa , Xantomatose , Humanos , Ataxia , Testes Genéticos , Pesquisa , Xantomatose Cerebrotendinosa/diagnóstico , Xantomatose Cerebrotendinosa/tratamento farmacológico , Xantomatose Cerebrotendinosa/genética
8.
Can Vet J ; 65(3): 227-233, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434166

RESUMO

A stray cat, an intact female Japanese domestic shorthair cat of unknown age (suspected to be a young adult), was rescued. The cat was lethargic and thin and had marked skin fragility, delayed wound healing without skin hyperextensibility, and hind limb proprioceptive ataxia and paresis. Survey radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed congenital vertebral anomalies, including thoracolumbar transitional vertebrae, scoliosis resulting from a thoracic lateral wedge-shaped vertebra, and a kinked tail, and a dilated spinal cord central canal. Through nutritional support, the cat's general condition normalized, followed by a gradual and complete improvement of skin features. Whole-genome sequencing was completed; however, no pathogenic genetic variant was identified that could have caused this phenotype, including congenital scoliosis. A skin biopsy obtained 7 y after the rescue revealed no remarkable findings on histopathology or transmission electron microscopy. Based on clinical course and microscopic findings, malnutrition-induced reversible feline skin fragility syndrome (FSFS) was suspected, and nutritional support was considered to have improved the skin condition. Key clinical message: This is the second reported case of presumed malnutrition-induced reversible FSFS and was accompanied by long-term follow-up.


Syndrome de fragilité cutanée réversible induit par la malnutrition soupçonné chez un chat avec des difformités axiales congénitales. Un chat errant, une femelle intacte de race japonaise à poil court et d'âge inconnu (suspecté être une jeune adulte), a été secourue. La chatte était léthargique et maigre, et avait une fragilité marquée de la peau, un retard dans la guérison de plaies sans hyperextensibilité de la peau, et une ataxie proprioceptive et parésie des membres postérieurs. Des radiographies, un examen par tomodensitométrie, et de l'imagerie par résonnance magnétique ont révélé des anomalies congénitales des vertèbres, incluant des vertèbres transitionnelles thoraco-lombaires, une scoliose résultant d'une vertèbre thoracique en forme de coin, une queue pliée, et un canal central de la moelle épinière dilaté. Grâce à un soutien nutritionnel, la condition générale du chat s'est stabilisée, suivi d'une amélioration graduelle et complète des caractéristiques de la peau. Le séquençage du génome complet a été effectué; toutefois, aucune variation génétique pathogénique n'a été identifiée qui aurait pu causer ce phénotype, incluant la scoliose congénitale. Une biopsie cutanée obtenue 7 j après le sauvetage n'a révélé aucune trouvaille spéciale à l'histopathologie ou par microscopie électronique à transmission. Basé sur le déroulement clinique et l'examen microscopique, le syndrome de fragilité cutanée réversible félin induit par la malnutrition (FSFS) était suspecté, et le soutien nutritionnel a été considéré comme ayant amélioré la condition cutanée.Message clinique clé :Ce cas est le deuxième cas rapporté de FSFS induit par la malnutrition soupçonné et a fait l'objet d'un suivi à long terme.(Traduit par Dr Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Desnutrição , Escoliose , Feminino , Gatos , Animais , Escoliose/veterinária , Desnutrição/veterinária , Ataxia/veterinária , Biópsia/veterinária , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico , Doenças do Gato/etiologia
9.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298855, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507393

RESUMO

Six years remain to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Despite some progress, institutional effectiveness for SDG achievement has not been delivered at a national level. Identification and establishment of an institutional framework to operationalise the 2030 Agenda within national plans, giving science-based coordination of SDG implementation a central role, is urgently required to accelerate progress. This paper tackles this challenge. Drawing on literature analysis, it asks: 1) What are the deficiencies in institutional national arrangements that hinder SDG implementation? 2) How can existing institutional deficiencies in SDG implementation be addressed? and 3) How can institutional changes support fast-tracking of SDG implementation processes at national level? Findings show that country-specific horizontal institutional arrangements are usually advanced. However, national visions to improve mainstreaming across decision-making at different levels to enable whole-of-government and whole-of-society approaches to SDG implementation are commonly under-developed. Deficiencies are due to poor systematic engagement of scientific and technical expertise in operational day-to-day communication, as well as in the design, validation, implementation, monitoring and reporting of domestic SDG-related multi-stakeholder actions. Vertical institutional arrangements are complex, and risk resource-consuming, uncoordinated implementation. Our analyses suggest countries may benefit from establishing a national, centralised independent scientific and technical coordinating body for SDG implementation at national level, within existing science-based institutional arrangements. Such a body would not be led by governmental processes but would provide technical support to government agencies. We argue that scientific and technical skills in data and information management and quality control are central to coordinated and evidence-informed support, and could help to accelerate national SDG implementation. Such a supporting body would also enable a more joined-up approach between stakeholders working in the areas of science and technology, government and practice, improving orchestrated science-based actions and their auditing across sectors and stakeholder communities at national and sub-national levels. It would further guide actions to reduce trade-offs within national sustainable development aspirations, and would facilitate consideration of diverse values in advancing towards a durable and just transformative future. Such efforts are vital given the rapidly closing window of time for SDG achievement.


Assuntos
Governo , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Humanos , Órgãos Governamentais , Ataxia , Comunicação , Objetivos
10.
Rev Med Virol ; 34(3): e2532, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549138

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) belongs to the Herpesviridae family and is also known as human herpesvirus type 5. It is a common virus that usually doesn't cause any symptoms in healthy individuals. However, once infected, the virus remains in the host's body for life and can reactivate when the host's immune system weakens. This virus has been linked to several neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Autism spectrum disorder, Huntington's disease (HD), ataxia, Bell's palsy (BP), and brain tumours, which can cause a wide range of symptoms and challenges for those affected. CMV may influence inflammation, contribute to brain tissue damage, and elevate the risk of moderate-to-severe dementia. Multiple studies suggest a potential association between CMV and ataxia in various conditions, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, acute cerebellitis, etc. On the other hand, the evidence regarding CMV involvement in BP is conflicting, and also early indications of a link between CMV and HD were challenged by subsequent research disproving CMV's presence. This systematic review aims to comprehensively investigate any link between the pathogenesis of CMV and its potential role in neurological disorders and follows the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis checklist. Despite significant research into the potential links between CMV infection and various neurological disorders, the direct cause-effect relationship is not fully understood and several gaps in knowledge persist. Therefore, continued research is necessary to gain a better understanding of the role of CMV in neurological disorders and potential treatment avenues.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Humanos , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Ataxia/complicações
11.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299379, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427622

RESUMO

Ketamine has gained significant attention as a fast-acting antidepressant. However, ketamine is also associated with undesirable side effects. In our preclinical study, we explored the behavioral effects of ketamine enantiomers at subanesthetic doses. During repeated intermittent treatment, we examined locomotor stimulation and sensitization, ataxia, and expression of natural behaviors (grooming and rearing). Male Wistar rats were subcutaneously treated repeatedly with either 5 mg/kg of R-ketamine or S-ketamine, 15 mg/kg of R-ketamine, S-ketamine or racemic ketamine, 30 mg/kg of racemic ketamine or saline every third day for three weeks (seven treatments overall). After the first treatment, only 15 mg/kg of S-ketamine induced locomotor stimulation, and both 15 mg/kg of S-ketamine and 30 mg/kg of racemic ketamine induced ataxia. Upon repeated administration, doses of 15 mg/kg of R-ketamine, S-ketamine, and racemic ketamine, as well as 30 mg/kg of racemic ketamine, stimulated locomotion. 15 mg/kg of R-ketamine, S-ketamine, and racemic ketamine additionally resulted in locomotor sensitization. The last administration of 15 mg/kg of S-ketamine, 15 mg/kg of racemic ketamine, and 30 mg/kg of racemic ketamine resulted in ataxia. In the case of 15 mg/kg of S-ketamine, ataxic effects were significantly weaker in comparison to the effects from the first administration, indicating tolerance. Natural behaviors were attenuated after 5 and 15 mg/kg of S-ketamine and 15 and 30 mg/kg of racemic ketamine. Neither of the R-ketamine doses produced such an effect. We conclude that S-ketamine has a stronger behavioral effect than R-ketamine.


Assuntos
Ketamina , Ratos , Animais , Masculino , Ketamina/efeitos adversos , Ratos Wistar , Estereoisomerismo , Ataxia
12.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(3)2024 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540390

RESUMO

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the leading inherited cause of intellectual disability (ID) and single gene cause of autism. Although most patients with FXS and the full mutation (FM) have complete methylation of the fragile X messenger ribonucleoprotein 1 (FMR1) gene, some have mosaicism in methylation and/or CGG repeat size, and few have completely unmethylated FM alleles. Those with a complete lack of methylation are rare, with little literature about the cognitive and behavioral phenotypes of these individuals. A review of past literature was conducted regarding individuals with unmethylated and mosaic FMR1 FM. We report three patients with an unmethylated FM FMR1 alleles without any behavioral or cognitive deficits. This is an unusual presentation for men with FM as most patients with an unmethylated FM and no behavioral phenotypes do not receive fragile X DNA testing or a diagnosis of FXS. Our cases showed that mosaic males with unmethylated FMR1 FM alleles may lack behavioral phenotypes due to the presence of smaller alleles producing the FMR1 protein (FMRP). However, these individuals could be at a higher risk of developing fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) due to the increased expression of mRNA, similar to those who only have a premutation.


Assuntos
Ataxia , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil , Tremor , Masculino , Humanos , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/genética , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/complicações , Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/genética , Mutação
13.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1308068, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38524138

RESUMO

Background: Autoimmune nodopathy (AN) has emerged as a novel diagnostic category that is pathologically different from classic chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Clinical manifestations of AN include sensory or motor neuropathies, sensory ataxia, tremor, and cranial nerve involvement. AN with a serum-positive contactin-1 (CNTN1) antibody usually results in peripheral nerve demyelination. In this study, we reported a rare case of AN with CNTN1 antibodies characterized by the presence of CNTN1 antibodies in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid, which is associated with cerebellar dysarthria. Methods: A 25-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to progressive dysarthria with limb tremors. The patient was initially diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy at a local hospital. Three years after onset, he was admitted to our hospital due to dysarthria, apparent limb tremor, and limb weakness. At that time, he was diagnosed with spinocerebellar ataxia. Eight years post-onset, during his second admission, his condition had notably deteriorated. His dysarthria had evolved to typical distinctive cerebellar characteristics, such as tremor, loud voice, stress, and interrupted articulation. Additionally, he experienced further progression in limb weakness and developed muscle atrophy in the distal limbs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nerve conduction studies (NCS), and autoimmune antibody tests were performed. Results: The results of the NCS suggested severe demyelination and even axonal damage to the peripheral nerves. MRI scans revealed diffuse thickening of bilateral cervical nerve roots, lumbosacral nerve roots, cauda equina nerve, and multiple intercostal nerve root sheath cysts. Furthermore, anti-CNTN1 antibody titers were 1:10 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and 1:100 in the serum. After one round of rituximab treatment, the patient showed significant improvement in limb weakness and dysarthria, and the CSF antibodies turned negative. Conclusion: Apart from peripheral neuropathies, cerebellar dysarthria (central nervous system involvement) should not be ignored in AN patients with CNTN1 antibodies.


Assuntos
Disartria , Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Disartria/complicações , Tremor/complicações , Contactina 1 , Ataxia
14.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 18(2): 188-194, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484346

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can have symptoms like many neurological diseases, and one of the rare forms of these presentations is opsoclonus-myoclonus ataxia syndrome (OMAS). The pathogenesis of OMAS in adults has not been clearly elucidated and OMAS can be fatal. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 71-year-old male patient who was admitted to the emergency department with complaints of involuntary tremor-like movements in his hands, feet and mouth, and speech impediment for three days, and was followed up with COVID-19. The patient was diagnosed with OMAS and clonazepam treatment was started. He died three days later due to respiratory arrest. Our case is the first case diagnosed with COVID-19-associated OMAS in Turkey. DISCUSSION: OMAS has no definitive treatment. Early diagnosis and initiation of corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy, if necessary, can be life-saving. In COVID-19 patients with unexplained clinical findings, awareness of different and rare diseases and a multidisciplinary approach has vital importance.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular , Síndrome de Opsoclonia-Mioclonia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Ataxia/complicações , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/complicações , Síndrome de Opsoclonia-Mioclonia/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Opsoclonia-Mioclonia/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Opsoclonia-Mioclonia/etiologia
15.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 35(2): 83-91, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Functional anorectal pain is one of several types of functional anorectal disorders. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of acupuncture (intervention) and biofeedback (control) as treatment for patients with functional anorectal pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, single-center, randomized, and comparative study examined 68 patients with functional anorectal pain who were recruited from June 2017 to January 2019 at the Nanjing Hospital of Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. Patients were randomly assigned to receive acupuncture or biofeedback. Patients in the acupuncture group received acupuncture at Zhongliao (BL33), Xialiao (BL34), Ganshu (BL18), Shenshu (BL23), and Dachangshu (BL25). Patients in the biofeedback group received pelvic floor biofeedback therapy, consisting of Kegel pelvic floor muscle training and electrical stimulation. Patients in both groups received 20 treatments over 4 weeks. The primary outcome was pain score on a visual analog scale, and the secondary outcomes were results from the MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) quality of life questionnaire, the self-rating depression scale, and the self-rating anxiety scale. RESULTS: Visual analog scale pain scores significantly decreased in both of the groups with treatment (both P < .01). The final visual analog scale score was significantly lower in patients with pelvic floor dyssynergia who were treated with biofeedback (1.40 ± 0.97 vs. 5.30 ± 1.70) (P < .05). The 2 groups had similar decreases in self-rating depression scale and self-rating anxiety scale scores. Intriguingly, the acupuncture group had better mental health outcomes (P <.05). CONCLUSION: Both acupuncture and biofeedback therapy reduced the pain of patients with functional anorectal pain. Biofeedback provided more relief in patients with pelvic floor dyssynergia, and acupuncture provided greater improvements in mental health status.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Biorretroalimentação Psicológica , Dor , Ataxia/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Pol J Microbiol ; 73(1): 11-20, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437469

RESUMO

Serratia marcescens is a global opportunistic pathogen. In vitro cytotoxicity of this bacterium is mainly related to metalloprotease serralysin (PrtS) activity. Proteolytic capability varies among the different isolates. Here, we characterized protease production and transcriptional regulators at 37°C of two S. marcescens isolates from bronchial expectorations, HU1848 and SmUNAM836. As a reference strain the insect pathogen S. marcescens Db10 was included. Zymography of supernatant cultures revealed a single (SmUNAM836) or double proteolytic zones (HU1848 and Db10). Mass spectrometry confirmed the identity of PrtS and the serralysin-like protease SlpB from supernatant samples. Elevated proteolytic activity and prtS expression were evidenced in the HU1848 strain through azocasein degradation and qRT-PCR, respectively. Evaluation of transcriptional regulators revealed higher eepR expression in HU1848, whereas cpxR and hexS transcriptional levels were similar between studied strains. Higher eepR expression in HU1848 was further confirmed through an in vivo transcriptional assay. Moreover, two putative CpxR binding motifs were identified within the eepR regulatory region. EMSA validated the interaction of CpxR with both motifs. The evaluation of eepR transcription in a cpxR deletion strain indicated that CpxR negatively regulates eepR. Sequence conservation suggests that regulation of eepR by CpxR is common along S. marcescens species. Overall, our data incorporates CpxR to the complex regulatory mechanisms governing eepR expression and associates the increased proteolytic activity of the HU1848 strain with higher eepR transcription. Based on the global impact of EepR in secondary metabolites production, our work contributes to understanding virulence factors variances across S. marcescens isolates.


Assuntos
Ataxia , Condrodisplasia Punctata , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X , Retardo Mental Ligado ao Cromossomo X , Convulsões , Serratia marcescens , Humanos , Serratia marcescens/genética , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética
19.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 19(1): 81, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383420

RESUMO

One of the most relevant challenges for healthcare providers during the COVID- 19 pandemic has been assuring the continuity of care to patients with complex health needs such as people living with rare diseases (RDs). The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the healthcare sector's digital transformation agenda. The delivery of telemedicine services instead of many face-to-face procedures has been expanded and, many healthcare services not directly related to COVID-19 treatments shifted online remotely. Many hospitals, specialist centres, patients and families started to use telemedicine because they were forced to. This trend could directly represent a good practice on how care services could be organized and continuity of care could be ensured for patients. If done properly, it could boast improved patient outcomes and become a post COVID-19 major shift in the care paradigm. There is a fragmented stakeholders spectrum, as many questions arise on: how is e-health interacting with 'traditional' healthcare providers; about the role of the European Reference Networks (ERNs); if remote care can retain a human touch and stay patient centric. The manuscript is one of the results of the European Brain Council (EBC) Value of Treatment research project on rare brain disorders focusing on progressive ataxias, dystonia and phenylketonuria with the support of Academic Partners and in collaboration with European Reference Networks (ERNs) experts, applying empirical evidence from different European countries. The main purpose of this work is to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the continuity of care for ataxias, dystonia and phenylketonuria (PKU) in Europe. The analysis carried out makes it possible to highlight the critical points encountered and to learn from the best experiences. Here, we propose a scoping review that investigates this topic, focusing on continuity of care and novel methods (e.g., digital approaches) used to reduce the care disruption. This scoping review was designed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) standards. This work showed that the implementation of telemedicine services was the main measure that healthcare providers (HCPs) put in place and adopted for mitigating the effects of disruption or discontinuity of the healthcare services of people with rare neurological diseases and with neurometabolic disorders in Europe.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias , COVID-19 , Distonia , Fenilcetonúrias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Doenças Raras/epidemiologia , Doenças Raras/terapia , Encéfalo , Ataxia , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente
20.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 83: 105465, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308913

RESUMO

In this study, it was aimed to detect ataxia in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) by utilizing static plantar pressure data and capsule networks (CapsNet), one of the deep learning (DL) architectures. CapsNet is also equipped with a robust dynamic routing mechanism that determines the output of the next capsule. MS is a chronic nervous system disease that shows its effect in the central nervous system and manifests itself with attacks. One of the most common and challenging symptoms of MS is known as ataxia. Ataxia causes loss of control of limb muscle tone or gait disorders, leading to loss of balance and coordination. The diagnosis of ataxia in MS is applied employing the standard Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score. However, due to reasons such as physician misconception, diagnosis differences among physicians, and incorrect patient information, more unbiased solutions are required for the diagnosis. The results included Sensitivity at 96.34 % ± 1.71, Specificity at 98.11 % ± 2.04, Precision at 98.08 % ± 2.16, and Accuracy at 97.13 % ± 0.33. The main motivation of the study is to show that these deep learning methods can successfully detect ataxia in MS patients using static plantar pressure data. The high-performance measurements of sensitivity, specificity, precision and accuracy emphasize that the proposed system can be an effective tool in clinical practice. In addition, it was concluded that the proposed autonomous system would be a support mechanism to assist the physician in the detection of ataxia in patients with MS.


Assuntos
Ataxia Cerebelar , Aprendizado Profundo , Esclerose Múltipla , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico , Ataxia/diagnóstico , Ataxia/etiologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
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