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1.
Lancet Planet Health ; 8(1): 41-50, jan. 2024. mapas, graf
Artigo em Inglês | RDSM | ID: biblio-1531683

RESUMO

Background: Epidemiological evidence linking exposure to landscape fires to child health remains scarce. We assessed the association between daily landscape fire smoke and child hospital visits and admissions in the Manhiça district, Mozambique, an area characterised by frequent forest and cropland fires. Methods: In this time-series analysis (2012-20), our primary metric for exposure to landscape fires was fire-originated PM2·5 from smoke dispersion hindcasts. We also assessed total and upwind fire exposure using daily satellite-derived fire density data. Daily numbers of hospital visits and admissions were extracted from an ongoing paediatric morbidity surveillance system (children aged ≤15 years). We applied quasi-Poisson regression models controlling for season, long-term trend, day of the week, temperature, and rainfall, and offsetting by annual population-time at risk to examine lag-specific association of fires on morbidity. Findings: A 10 µg/m3 increase in fire-originated PM2·5 was associated with a 6·12% (95% CI 0·37-12·21) increase in all-cause and a 12·43% (5·07-20·31) increase in respiratory-linked hospital visits on the following day. Positive associations were also observed for lag 0 and the cumulative lag of 0-1 days. Null associations were observed for hospital admissions. Landscape fires mostly occurred in forested areas; however, associations with child morbidity were stronger for cropland than for forest fires. Interpretation: Landscape fire smoke was associated with all-cause and respiratory-linked morbidity in children. Improved exposure assessment is needed to better quantify the contribution of landscape fire smoke to child health in regions with scarce air pollution monitoring. Funding: H2020 project EXHAUSTION, Academy of Finland, Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, Generalitat de Catalunya, and Government of Mozambique and Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Morbidade , Incêndios Florestais , Material Particulado , Moçambique/epidemiologia
2.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e200, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251497

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Patient reported outcomes establish the patient's own perception about his/her health and enable the development of policies designed to improve health/disease processes. These are particularly helpful in the case of diseases with a significant impact on the patient's quality of life. Objective To compare the quality of life scores assessed using the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire in patients undergoing cephalic duodenopancreatectomy (Whipple procedure) and laparoscopic cholecystectomies in the same hospital. Methodology Retrospective cohort trial between July 2018 and February 2020. Patients programmed for cephalic duodenopancreatectomy were included, regardless of the type of pathology, and over 18 years old. Patients with carcinomatosis or vascular infiltration were excluded. The EQ-5D-5L was administered following Whipple surgery and compared against a control group (laparoscopic cholecystectomy). The demographic characteristics, the diagnosis, hospital stay and 60-day mortality were assessed. Results A total of 68 patients were included. The most frequent diagnosis was pancreatic cancer (30 %) in the Whipple group and lithiasis (100 %) in the control group. In the five dimensions assessed, there were no differences in terms of mobility (OR: 0.41, 95 % CI [0.30-0.57], p = 0.103) and in terms of personal care (OR: 0.42, 95 % CI [0.32-0.58], p = 0.254). There was a difference in daily life activities (OR: 0.38, 95 % CI [0.27-0.54], p = 0.017), pain/malaise (OR: 2.33, 95 % CI [0.99-5.48]), p = 0.013 and anxiety/depression (OR: 0.39, 95 % CI [0.28-0.55], p = 0.019). The overall health perception was 80 points for Whipple (IQR 60-90) vs. 100 points for the control group (IQR 90-100). Conclusions Patients undergoing a Whipple procedure experience a health perception slightly lower than patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This difference may be associated with increased pain, anxiety/depression and a reduction in their activities of daily life. The administration of the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire to measure quality of life is a friendly tool that used be used routinely to plan activities aimed at improving medical care.


Resumen Introducción Los desenlaces informados por el paciente permiten establecer cuál es la percepción que tiene de su salud y crear políticas que mejoren procesos en salud/enfermedad. Son particularmente útiles en enfermedad que afectan la calidad de vida de forma importante. Objetivo Comparar las puntuaciones de calidad de vida evaluadas mediante el cuestionario EQ-5D-5L en pacientes sometidos a duodenopancreatectomía cefálica (procedimiento de Whipple) y colecistectomías laparoscópicas en el mismo centro hospitalario. Metodología Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo entre julio de 2018 y febrero de 2020. Se incluyeron pacientes programados para duodenopancreatectomía cefálica independientemente del tipo de patología y mayor de 18 años de edad; se excluyeron pacientes con carcinomatosis o infiltración vascular. Se aplicó el cuestionario EQ-5D-5L después de cirugía Whipple y se comparó con un grupo control (colecistectomía laparoscópica). Se evaluaron características demográficas, diagnóstico, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad a 60 días. Resultados Se incluyeron 68 pacientes. El diagnóstico más frecuente fue cáncer de páncreas (30 %) en el grupo Whipple y litiasis (100 %) en el grupo control. En las 5 dimensiones evaluadas no hubo diferencias en movilidad (OR: 0,41, IC 95 % [0,30-0,57], p = 0,103) y en cuidado personal (OR: 0,42, IC 95 % [0,32-0,58], p = 0,254). Se encontró diferencia en actividades cotidianas (OR: 0,38, IC 95 % [0,270,54], p = 0,017), dolor/malestar (OR: 2,33, IC 95 % [0,99-5,48]), p = 0,013 y angustia/depresión (OR: 0,39, IC 95 % [0,28-0,55], p = 0,019). La percepción general de salud fue 80 puntos para Whipple (RIQ60-90) vs. 100 puntos para el grupo control (RIC 90-100). Conclusiones Los pacientes sometidos a Whipple presentan una percepción de salud ligeramente menor que los pacientes de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta diferencia puede estar relacionada con el aumento en dolor, angustia/depresión y disminución en actividades cotidianas. La aplicación del cuestionario EQ-5D-5L para medición de calidad de vida es una herramienta fácil de aplicar que debería realizarse rutinariamente para planear intervenciones dirigidas a mejorar la atención médica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Morbidade
3.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 34(6): 601-607, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-200253

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Determinar el grado de asociación entre el estado de salud percibido y el obtenido a partir de información sobre morbilidad atendida. MÉTODO: Se estudió la población de cuatro áreas básicas de salud de la comarca del Baix Empordà (N=91.067), en el año 2016, con una muestra de 1202 personas a las que se realizó una encuesta de salud. Paralelamente, las personas encuestadas se clasificaron en estados de salud mediante el agrupador Clinical Risk Groups. El grado de asociación se analizó mediante regresión logística. RESULTADOS: Un 27% de las personas con más de dos enfermedades crónicas mayores o con condiciones de salud complejas afirmaron tener buena salud. Se detectó asociación entre percepción de salud y carga de enfermedad. El sexo, la situación laboral, la clase social y especialmente la edad también mostraron asociación con la percepción de salud. CONCLUSIONES: La inferencia del estado de salud a partir de registros clínicos sobre morbilidad atendida aproxima la percepción subjetiva de la salud, y viceversa. No obstante, determinados factores sociodemográficos modulan la percepción individual. Los resultados obtenidos son esperanzadores en relación con el desarrollo de nuevas metodologías de cálculo de indicadores de calidad de vida


OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of association between perceived health status and that obtained from information on attended morbidity. METHOD: The population of four health areas of the Baix Empordà region (Catalonia, Spain) (N=91,067) was studied in 2016, by means of a sample of 1202 individuals. A health survey was conducted on sample individuals. At the same time, the respondents were classified by health status through the Clinical Risk Groups system. The degree of association was analysed by logistic regression. RESULTS: 27% of patients with more than two major chronic diseases or with complex health conditions stated they were in good health. An association was detected between health perception and disease burden. Sex, work situation, social class and especially age also showed association with the perception of health. CONCLUSIONS: The inference of health status from clinical records on attended morbidity approximates to the subjective perception of health and vice versa. However, certain sociodemographic factors modulate individual perception. The results obtained are encouraging in relation to the development of new methodologies for calculating quality of life indicators


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Morbidade/tendências , Autoimagem , Múltiplas Afecções Crônicas/epidemiologia , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga Global da Doença/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
5.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 55(5): 272-278, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193032

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Analizar si existen diferencias en función de la edad en ansiedad, tristeza, soledad y comorbilidad ansioso-depresiva en personas jóvenes, de mediana edad y mayores confinadas debido a la pandemia de la COVID-19, y explorar la relación entre la autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento y nivel de sintomatología psicológica en función del grupo de edad. MÉTODO: Participan 1.501 personas (rango de edad: 18 a 88 años). Se evaluaron el grado de ansiedad, tristeza y soledad, y la autopercepción del envejecimiento. Se dividió a la muestra en función del grupo de edad y por cuartiles (bajo, intermedios y alto) en ansiedad, tristeza, soledad y autopercepción del envejecimiento. RESULTADOS: Las personas mayores informan de menor ansiedad y tristeza que los de mediana edad y jóvenes, y los de mediana edad de menores niveles que los jóvenes. Los de mediana edad informan de menor soledad, seguidos de los mayores y los jóvenes. Para cada grupo de edad, aquellos con una alta autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento informan de mayor ansiedad, tristeza y soledad. Hay más comorbilidad ansioso-depresiva en jóvenes y menos en mayores; más personas deprimidas en mediana edad, menos mayores con ansiedad, y más mayores y menos jóvenes sin sintomatología ansiosa y depresiva. Para todos los grupos de edad, las personas con comorbilidad ansioso-depresiva son las que tienen puntuaciones altas en autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento. CONCLUSIONES: Las personas mayores informan de menos malestar psicológico que otros grupos de edad. Tener una alta autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento perjudica a la salud psicológica, independientemente de la edad


OBJECTIVES: To analyze differences by age group in anxiety, depression, loneliness and comorbid anxiety and depression in young people, middle aged adults and older adults during the lock-down period at home due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and to explore the association between negative self-perceptions of aging and psychological symptoms controlling by age group. METHOD: Participants are 1501 people (age range 18 to 88 years). Anxiety, sadness, loneliness and self-perceptions of aging were assessed. The sample was divided according to the age group and quartiles (lower, intermediate levels, and higher) of anxiety, sadness, loneliness and self-perceptions of aging. RESULTS: Older adults reported lower levels of anxiety and sadness than middle aged adults, and middle aged adults reported lower levels than younger participants. Middle aged adults reported the lowest loneliness, followed by older adults and younger participants. For each age group, those with more negative self-perceptions of aging reported higher anxiety, sadness and loneliness. More comorbid anxiety and sadness was found in younger adults and less in older adults; more depressed participants in the middle aged group, and more older adults and less younger participants were found in the group with the lowest levels of anxiety and sadness. For all the age groups, participants with high levels of comorbid anxiety and sadness are those who report the highest scores in negative self-perceptions of aging. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults reported lower psychological anxiety, sadness and loneliness than the other age groups. Having negative self-perceptions of aging damage psychological health irrespective of the chronological age


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Autoimagem , Solidão/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Pandemias , Fatores Etários , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos de Adaptação/epidemiologia
6.
An. sist. sanit. Navar ; 43(2): 209-216, mayo-ago. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199152

RESUMO

El objetivo fue identificar las diferencias en causas de ingreso y morbilidad entre las personas transgénero (trans) y cisgénero (cis) mediante el registro de altas hospitalarias de la Comunidad de Madrid. Se describieron sus características, causas de ingreso y morbilidades, comparándolas mediante razón de prevalencias e intervalo de confianza al 95% (IC95%). Las 112 altas trans se diferenciaron de las 1.043.621 altas cis en que más frecuentemente se atendieron en un solo centro (55,4 vs 9,3%), eran menores de 49 años (75,9 vs 37,1%) y se financiaron de forma privada (2,7 vs 0,4%). Los ingresos por salud mental (23,96; IC95%: 17,41-32,78), y la morbilidad por VIH (11,26; IC95%: 5,46-20,93) fueron más frecuentes entre las altas trans. La información es limitada más allá de la modificación corporal, la salud mental y el VIH. Es necesario ampliar el conocimiento respecto a la salud de este colectivo


The objective was to identify differences in health between transgender (trans) and cisgender (cis) people using the hospital discharge survey from the Autonomous Community of Madrid. Their characteristics, causes of admission and morbidities were described, comparing them by prevalence ratio and confidence interval (95% CI). One hundred and twelve trans vs 1,043,621 cis discharges were studied. The main differences were that more frequently trans people had been attended in a single center (55.4 vs. 9.3%), were under 49 years old (75.9 vs. 37.1%) and had used private health services (2.7 vs. 0.4%). Admissions related to mental health problems (23.96; 95% CI: 17.41-32.78) and HIV morbidity (11.26 95% CI: 5.46-20.93) were more frequent among trans discharges. Information is limited beyond body modification, mental health, and HIV. It is necessary to improve the knowledge about trans population's health


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Morbidade/tendências , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde para Pessoas Transgênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Barreiras ao Acesso aos Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Espanha/epidemiologia , Pacientes Internados/classificação , Distribuição por Sexo , Pessoas Transgênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
7.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 311-325, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1114940

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological data allow to know the needs of the communities and can provide subsidies for planning and actions in the health services, hence, it is necessary to investigate illness and chronic non-communicable diseases in the population of interestOBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to describe and verify the association between the most prevalent self-reported morbidities in adults regarding the characteristics: socioeconomic, demographic and lifestyleMETHODS: This is a population-based survey conducted with adults (≥18 years of age), living in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil, during the period 2007/2008. The sample consisted of 1516 individuals, from a probabilistic sampling in two stages of a drawRESULTS: The most prevalent self-reported morbidity was spine/back disease with a percentage of 30.8%, followed by hypertension (28.3%), malaria (28.3%) and depression (18.7%). Regarding socioeconomic and demographic aspects, the most prevalent characteristics were: female gender and low level of formal education, with statistical significance. As for life habits, the most common characteristics with statistical significance were: smoking and physical inactivityCONCLUSION: In view of the scarcity of studies of this nature in the North region of Brazil, and especially in the State of Acre, the results regarding the most prevalent self-reported morbidities in the adult population of Rio Branco are of fundamental importance, to alert researchers and health professionals. This contributes to a better adaptation and/or implementation of public strategies for promotion, protection and health assistance


INTRODUÇÃO: Dados epidemiológicos permitem conhecer as necessidades das comunidades e podem fornecer subsídios para planejamento e ações nos serviços de saúde. Para este norte, faz-se necessário a investigação das doenças e agravos crônicos não transmissíveis na população de interesseOBJETIVO: Os objetivos deste foram descrever e verificar associação entre as morbidades autorreferidas mais prevalentes identificadas no estudo quanto às características: socioeconômicas, demográficas e de hábitos de vidaMÉTODO: Trata-se de um inquérito populacional, realizado com adultos (≥18 anos de idade), residentes em Rio Branco/AC entre 2007/2008. A amostra constituiu-se de 1516 indivíduos, a partir de uma amostragem probabilística em duas etapas de sorteioRESULTADOS: A morbidade autorreferida mais prevalente foi a doença de coluna/costas com o percentual de 30,8%, seguida da hipertensão (28,3%), malária (28,3%) e depressão (18,7%). Quanto aos aspectos socioeconômicos e demográficos as características mais prevalentes nas morbidades pesquisadas foram: sexo feminino, faixa etária mais elevada e menor escolaridade, com significância estatística. Quanto aos hábitos de vida, as características mais prevalentes com significância estatística nas morbidades foram: tabagismo e inatividade físicaCONCLUSÃO: Tendo em vista a escassez de estudos desta natureza na região Norte, e principalmente no Estado do Acre, os resultados referentes às morbidades autorreferidas mais prevalentes a população adulta de Rio Branco, são de fundamental importância, uma vez que possibilita alertar os pesquisadores e profissionais de saúde e contribui para uma melhor adequação ou implantação de estratégias públicas de promoção, proteção e de assistência à saúde


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Política Pública , Perfil de Saúde , Epidemiologia , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Planejamento em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Estilo de Vida
8.
SEMERGEN, Soc. Esp. Med. Rural Gen. (Ed. Impr.) ; 46(4): 225-233, mayo-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197301

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Es objetivo de este trabajo conocer las preferencias asistenciales y el uso requerido de atención médica por pacientes con migraña en distintos países de Europa y las diferencias en función de las condiciones sociales y demográficas. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional transversal mediante encuesta anónima vía web a 3.342 pacientes de España, Italia, Francia, Portugal, Irlanda, Reino Unido, Alemania y un grupo mixto de países no incluidos en el diseño inicial. VARIABLES: edad, género, país, tipo de localidad, nivel de estudios y ámbito rural o urbano. Se recoge demanda asistencial por neurólogo, médico de atención primaria/de familia/médico general, médico del trabajo, enfermería, otro médico/otra especialidad, o no control médico/autocontrol. RESULTADOS: Acuden más a Neurología los pacientes de 21-60 años y alto nivel cultural. La asistencia por atención primaria/familia es mayor en áreas urbanas. Medicina del trabajo, enfermería y otras especialidades predominan en grandes ciudades. Mayor autocontrol en pacientes de 21-40 años y en mujeres. España y Alemania son los países con mayor demanda asistencial en Neurología y Atención Primaria. CONCLUSIONES: La demanda médica asistencial por migraña en Europa muestra resultados irregulares por países, siendo principalmente en Neurología y con menor participación de médicos de atención primaria, médicos del trabajo, enfermería u otras especialidades. Se observan diferencias por edad, género y nivel cultural tanto en la demanda asistencial como en la elección de especialista. Un importante porcentaje de pacientes se automedican o no llevan ningún control médico


OBJECTIVE: This purpose of this work is to determine the care preferences and the required use of medical care by migraine patients in the different countries of Europe, and the observed differences depending on their social and demographic conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study by anonymous web survey of 3,342 patients from Spain, Italy, France, Portugal, Ireland, United Kingdom, Germany, and a mixed group of countries not included in the initial design. VARIABLES: age, gender, country, type of location, level of studies and rural or urban area. The demand for care is collected by neurologist, primary care doctors/family/general practitioners, by occupational health doctors, nurses, by other doctors/other specialists, non-medical control/self-control. RESULT: The patients more seen by a neurologist were about 21-60 years old and with a high cultural level. Primary care/family doctor care is higher in urban areas. Occupational medicine, nursing, and other specialties predominate in large cities. Self-control is greater in patients aged 21-40 years and in women. Spain and Germany are the countries with the greatest demand for care in Neurology and Primary Care. CONCLUSIONS: The medical demand for migraine care in Europe shows irregular results according to countries, with it being a priority in neurology and with less participation of Primary Care physicians, work doctors, nurses, or other specialties. Differences are observed by age, gender, and cultural level both in the demand for care and in the choice of specialist. It is important to take into account the percentage of patients who have no medical control


Assuntos
Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/epidemiologia , Atenção à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Automedicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais
9.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 34(2): 114-119, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196046

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Describir la evolución de la morbilidad psíquica en la población adulta española en 2006, 2011 y 2017. Estudiar la salud mental en 2017, determinando la prevalencia de morbilidad psíquica, consumo de psicofármacos, diagnóstico y salud autopercibida. Todo ello tanto en el ámbito nacional como por comunidades autónomas, y diferenciando entre hombres y mujeres. MÉTODO: Estudio transversal. Fuente de información: Encuesta Nacional de Salud de los años 2006, 2011 y 2017. Variables: morbilidad psíquica (GHQ-12), salud autopercibida, diagnóstico de trastorno mental, prescripción de psicofármacos, sexo y comunidad autónoma. Se calcularon los porcentajes y los intervalos de confianza del 95%, y se consideró estadísticamente significativo un valor de p <0,05 en la prueba de ji al cuadrado. RESULTADOS: La morbilidad psíquica global en España fue del 22,2% en 2006, el 22,1% en 2011 y el 19,1% en 2017. Salvo en Cantabria en 2011, la frecuencia de morbilidad psíquica fue mayor en las mujeres que en los hombres. En 2017, la mayoría de las comunidades autónomas tuvieron una frecuencia de diagnóstico y mala salud autopercibida similar a la media española (15,4% y 33,6%, respectivamente). La media española de prescripción de tranquilizantes fue del 9,2%; destacan Galicia con la frecuencia más elevada y Cantabria (global y hombres), Ceuta y Melilla (mujeres) con las más bajas. La media de prescripción de antidepresivos en España fue del 3,6%. Las frecuencias más altas se observaron en Asturias (global y mujeres) y en Galicia (hombres), y las más bajas en Ceuta y Melilla. CONCLUSIONES: La morbilidad psíquica es un fenómeno prevalente, aunque las cifras en España han descendido ligeramente. Existe una importante variabilidad con respecto a la prescripción de psicofármacos entre comunidades autónomas. Las mujeres presentan peores resultados en todos los indicadores de salud mental estudiados


OBJECTIVE: To describe the evolution of psychological distress in the adult Spanish population in 2006, 2011 and 2017. To study the mental health status of the population in 2017 analyzing the prevalence of psychological distress, prescription of psychiatric drugs, diagnosis and self-perceived health, in Spain and in the autonomous regions, and differentiating between men and women. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, using data from the 2006, 2011 and 2017 National Health Surveys in Spain. Variables: psychological distress (GHQ-12), self-perceived health, mental disorder diagnosis, prescription of psychiatric drugs, sex and autonomous community. The frequencies, percentages and confidence intervals at 95% were calculated. The statistical significance level for the chi-square test was p <0.05. RESULTS: The prevalence of psychological distress in Spain was 22.2% in 2006, 22.1% in 2011 and 19.1% in 2017. With the exception of Cantabria in 2011, in all cases the prevalence of psychological distress was higher in women than men. In 2017, most of the autonomous communities showed prevalence of diagnosis and poor self-perceived health near the Spanish average (15.4% and 33.6%, respectively). The Spanish average of tranquilizer prescription was 9.2%. The highest prevalence was found in Galicia while the lowest was found in Cantabria (overall population and men) and Ceuta and Melilla (women). The Spanish average of antidepressant prescription was 3.6%. The highest prevalence was found in Asturias (overall population and women) and in Galicia (men), while the lowest was found in Ceuta and Melilla. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological distress is a prevalent phenomenon although its prevalence in Spain has decreased slightly. There are big differences in the prescription of psychiatric drugs between each autonomous community. Women showed poorer outcomes on each mental health indicator analyzed


Assuntos
Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico , Distribuição por Sexo , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Espanha
10.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193040

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Healthy lifestyles are relevant to several diseases and to maintain individuals' mental health. Exposure to epidemics and confinement have been consistently associated with psychological consequences, but changes on lifestyle behaviours remain under-researched. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey was conducted among the general population living in Spain during the COVID-19 home-isolation. In addition to demographic and clinical data, participants self-reported changes in seven lifestyle domains. The Short Multidimensional Inventory Lifestyle Evaluation was developed specifically to evaluate changes during the confinement (SMILE-C). RESULTS: A total of 1254 individuals completed the survey over the first week of data collection. The internal consistency of the SMILE-C to assess lifestyles during confinement was shown (Cronbach's Alpha=0.747). Most participants reported substantial changes on outdoor time (93.6%) and physical activity (70.2%). Moreover, about one third of subjects reported significant changes on stress management, social support, and restorative sleep. Several demographic and clinical factors were associated to lifestyle scores. In the multivariate model, those independently associated with a healthier lifestyle included substantial changes on stress management (p < 0.001), social support (p = 0.001) and outdoor time (p < 0.001), amongst others. In contrast, being an essential worker (p = 0.001), worse self-rated health (p < 0.001), a positive screening for depression/anxiety (p < 0.001), and substantial changes on diet/nutrition (p < 0.001) and sleep (p < 0.001) were all associated with poorer lifestyles. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, sizable proportions of participants reported meaningful changes in lifestyle behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. Moreover, the SMILE-C was sensitive to detect these changes and presented good initial psychometric properties. Further follow-up studies should collect relevant data to promote healthy lifestyles in pandemic times


INTRODUCCIÓN: Los estilos de vida saludables son relevantes para diversas enfermedades, así como para mantener la salud mental de los individuos. La exposición a epidemias y confinamientos se ha asociado de manera consistente a consecuencias psicológicas, pero los cambios en los comportamientos del estilo de vida siguen sin investigarse. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó una encuesta online entre la población general residente en España durante el confinamiento domiciliario debido a COVID-19. Además de los datos demográficos y clínicos, los participantes auto-reportaron los cambios producidos en siete dominios del estilo de vida. Se desarrolló específicamente Short Multidimensional Inventory Lifestyle Evaluation (SMILE-C) para evaluar los cambios durante el confinamiento. RESULTADOS: Un total de 1.254 individuos completaron la encuesta durante la primera semana de recabado de los datos. Se reflejó la consistencia interna de SMILE-C para evaluar los estilos de vida durante el confinamiento (alfa de Cronbach=0,747). La mayoría de los participantes reportó cambios sustanciales en cuanto al tiempo al aire libre (93,6%) y a la actividad física (70,2%). Además, alrededor de un tercio de los sujetos reportó cambios significativos en cuanto a gestión del estrés, respaldo social y sueño reparador. Algunos factores demográficos y clínicos se asociaron a las puntuaciones del estilo de vida. En el modelo multivariante, aquellos factores asociados de manera independiente a un estilo de vida más saludable incluyeron cambios sustanciales en cuanto a gestión del estrés (p < 0,001), respaldo social (p = 0,001) y tiempo al aire libre (p < 0,001), entre otros. Por contra, los factores relacionados con ser un trabajador esencial (p = 0,001), peor salud auto-calificada (p < 0,001), cribado positivo de depresión/ansiedad (p < 0,001) y cambios sustanciales en la dieta/nutrición (p < 0,001) y sueño (p < 0,001) estuvieron asociados a peores estilos de vida. CONCLUSIONES: En este estudio, proporciones considerables de participantes reportaron cambios significativos en los comportamientos del estilo de vida durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en España. Además, la escala SMILE-C fue sensible a la hora de detectar dichos cambios, y presentó buenas propiedades psicométricas iniciales. Los estudios de seguimiento futuros deberán recopilar datos relevantes para promover estilos de vida saludables en tiempos de pandemia


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Comportamento Sedentário , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 1081-1086, jan.-dez. 2020. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1117534

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar os principais tipos de neoplasia malignas em pacientes de 0 a 19 anos de idade nas regionais de saúde do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Método: Estudo ecológico que analisou as neoplasias mais frequentes através dos dados contidos no Sistema de Informação Hospitalar em 2017. Os dados foram analisados através do cálculo da frequência relativa. O mapeamento realizado no TabWin. Resultados: foram observados 2.662 casos de neoplasias malignas na população de 0-19 anos de idade residentes nas regionais de saúde do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, sendo a Metropolitana I a de maior proporção e a leucemia o tipo de câncer infanto-juvenil mais frequente. Conclusão: apropriação desses dados torna possível concretizar estratégias para a construção de políticas públicas, visando medidas de prevenção, diagnosticas e tratamento vislumbrando maior sobrevida, melhor qualidade de vida e redução da taxa de mortalidade infanto-juvenil


Objective: The study's purpose has been to analyze the main types of malignant neoplasms among patients aged up to 19 years old across the regional health agencies from the Rio de Janeiro State. Methods: This ecological study analyzed the most frequent neoplasms using data from Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS) [Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Unified Health System] referring to the year 2017. The data were analyzed by calculating relative frequencies. The mapping was performed through the use of TabWin software. Results: A total of 2,662 cases of malignant neoplasms among people aged up to 19 years old were distributed across the regional health agencies of Rio de Janeiro State. The Metropolitana I [Metropolitan I] regional health agency presented the highest proportion of cases, and leukemia was the most predominant type of childhood and adolescent cancer. Conclusion: Through the data collected from the SIH/SUS, this study showed that it is possible to implement strategies for implementing public policies, aiming at implementing measures to prevent, diagnose and treat childhood and adolescent cancer so that survival rates can increase, these patients' quality of life can improve, and infant mortality rates can decrease


Objetivo: Analizar los principales tipos de neoplasia malignas en los pacientes de 0 a 19 años de edad en las regionales de salud del estado de Rio de Janeiro. Método: Estudio ecológico que analizó las neoplasias más frecuentes a través de los dados contenidos en el Sistema de Información Hospitalar en 2017. Los dados fueron analizados por el calculo de la frecuencia relativa. La cartografía fue realizada por medio del TabWin. Resultados: fueron observados 2.662 casos de neoplasias malignas en la populación de 0-19 años de edad residentes en las regiones de salud del Estado de Rio de Janeiro, teniendo la Metropolitana I la región de mayor proporción y la leucemia el tipo de cáncer infantil juvenil más frecuente. Conclusión: apropiación destos dados torna posible concretizar estrategias para la construcción de políticas públicas, mirando medidas de prevención, diagnósticas y tratamiento vislumbrando mayor sobrevida, mejor calidad de vida y reducción de la taza de mortalidad infantil juvenil


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Adolescente , Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema Único de Saúde , Leucemia , Mortalidade Infantil , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Mortalidade da Criança/tendências
12.
Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet) ; 17(4): 0-0, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-191965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: osteoporosis and diabetes mellitus are highly prevalent diseases that have potentially devastating effects on health and socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess: 1) the level of osteoporosis knowledge among T2DM patients; 2) the correlation, associations or differences of demographic characteristics, diabetes-related variable, as well as, lipid and blood pressure profiles with osteoporosis knowledge; and 3) the correlation between T-score measurement using quantitative ultrasound scan (QUS) and osteoporosis knowledge. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was chosen, where data was collected using a self-report structured questionnaire using osteoporosis knowledge - Malay version questionnaire (OKT-M) among T2DM patients. Furthermore, the clinical data regarding the patients were collected retrospectively from the hospital medical record after patient interview was completed. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 62.67 (SD 9.24) years (ranged from 33 to 87 years). Males (231, 51.30%) slightly outnumbered females. Among the racial distribution, the proportion of Chinese patients (204, 45.30%) was higher than Malay (127, 28.20%) and Indian patients (119, 26.40%). In addition, more than three quarters (343, 76.20%) of patients had poor glycaemic control. The average OKT-M total score, OKT-M Exercise subscale and OKT-M Calcium subscale were 12.55 (SD 4.06), 8.60 (SD 2.89) and 8.40 (SD 3.36), respectively. Only 33.30% of the T2DM patients were found to have high level of osteoporosis knowledge. There was a lack of identification and recognition of osteoporosis risk factors. There were significant differences or associations between osteoporosis knowledge and education level, monthly income, employment status, family history of fracture, smoking habit, alcoholic status, insulin use, therapy type and diastolic blood pressure. In addition, significant and positive correlations were found between T-scores and OKT-M total score (n=450, rs= 0.244, p = 0.000), OKT-M Exercise subscale (n=450, rs= 0.219, p = 0.000) and OKT-M Calcium subscale (n=450, rs=0.199, p = 0.000) among T2DM patients (all Ps<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the study results showed a valuable insight into the knowledge toward osteoporosis, as well as its relation to the bone loss among T2DM patients. It is important to understand the basics of osteoporosis prevention behaviours such as adequate calcium intake and regular exercise which are essential to build and maintain healthy bones throughout life among T2DM


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Osteoporose/complicações , Malásia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos de Morbidade
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(9 especial): 501-508, oct 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046263

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to increase the effectiveness of diseases treatment in elderly patients. The work is based on the study of the nature and the role of compliance disorders, optimizing the effectiveness with the use of therapeutic complex of pharmacotherapy associated with psychotherapeutic component. As a result of the analysis of morbidity in elderly age and the nature of compliance in elderly patients, an optimal therapeutic complex was proposed, which consists of rational pharmacological load and psychotherapeutic intervention, aimed at informing a patient about the disease, methods of its treatment, as well as at creating an effective therapeutic alliance which provides proper medical care and prevents self-treatment in such patients.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pacientes , Terapêutica , Saúde do Idoso , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Tratamento Farmacológico , Múltiplas Afecções Crônicas/tratamento farmacológico , Geriatria
14.
Rev. senol. patol. mamar. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(3): 89-93, jul.-sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187042

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conocer la prevalencia y características del síndrome de la mama fantasma en nuestro entorno. Pacientes y métodos: Se realizó una encuesta telefónica a 50 mujeres mastectomizadas entre los años 2002 y 2009 en el Hospital General Universitario de Castellón. Se preguntó sobre la presencia de dolor antes del diagnóstico de la enfermedad y de la cirugía, del síndrome de dolor posmastectomía y del síndrome de la mama fantasma, ampliando el interrogatorio en caso de respuesta afirmativa para conocer las características de la sintomatología, el momento de aparición, la frecuencia de aparición, la duración de la clínica y la necesidad o no de tratamiento farmacológico específico en cada síndrome. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos obtenidos. Resultados: El 76% de las mujeres interrogadas presentaron algún tipo de sensación extraña o dolorosa en la zona de la cicatriz mamaria, de las cuales el 65,8% presentó sensaciones no dolorosas y el 34,2% dolorosas. El síndrome de la mama fantasma apareció en el 38% de las mujeres interrogadas, y en muchos de los casos (31,6%) de las que respondieron afirmativamente se expresaba en forma de picor en el pezón ausente. Conclusiones: El síndrome de dolor posmastectomía y el síndrome de la mama fantasma son entidades poco conocidas, aunque prevalentes en nuestro medio. Tienen un carácter complejo y multifactorial, por lo que es importante conocerlas para conseguir un correcto tratamiento de las pacientes afectas, y así mejorar su calidad de vida


Objective: To determine the prevalence of post-mastectomy pain syndrome and phantom breast syndrome in our environment. Patients and methods: We performed a telephone survey of 50 women who underwent mastectomy between 2002 and 2009 in the General Hospital of Castellon (Spain). The women were asked about the presence of pain before diagnosis of the disease and surgery, post-mastectomy pain syndrome, and phantom breast syndrome. Women with symptoms were asked about their characteristics, time of onset, frequency, duration, and whether or not a specific pharmacological treatment was needed for each syndrome. A descriptive analysis was performed of the data obtained. Results: A total of 76% of the women surveyed had some kind of strange or painful sensation in the breast scar, 65.8% of whom had painless sensations and 34.2% had painful sensations. Phantom breast syndrome appeared in 38% of the surveyed women and manifested as an itch in the absent nipple in 31.6% of the women. Conclusions: Post-mastectomy pain syndrome and phantom breast syndrome are little known entities, although they prevalent in our environment. These syndromes are complex and multifactorial; therefore, familiarity with their characteristics is essential to provide affected women with proper treatment and improve their quality of life


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mastectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Membro Fantasma/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prevalência , Atenção Terciária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Cotos de Amputação/inervação , Excisão de Linfonodo/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(3): 127-132, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184363

RESUMO

Objective: Atlas of Axial Spondyloarthritis in Spain 2017 aims to better understand the reality of the patients suffering from this disease from an integrated approach. Methods: The Atlas 2017 based its results on an extensive cross-sectional patient survey conducted in Spain (2016), validated by a multidisciplinary group of experts on spondyloarthritis. Results: Data from 680 patients with axSpA were obtained, most of them suffered from AS, were HLA-B27 positive, older than 45 years, and live as part of a couple. A large percentage had university studies, were disabled and members of a patient association. Patients reported a diagnostic delay of 8.5 years, high disease activity (BASDAI 5.5±2.2), moderate-important stiffness (61.0%), medium-high functional limitation (74.9%), and psychological distress (GHQ 5.7±4.5). A total of 54.7% reported taking NSAIDs, 28.4% DMARDs, 36.3% biological therapy and 32.2% were not receiving pharmacological treatment. Conclusions: The Atlas survey data reveals still a long diagnostic delay, high disease activity, psychological distress, while an important proportion could be undertreated


Objetivo: El Atlas de Espondiloartritis Axial en España 2017 tiene como objetivo comprender mejor la realidad de los pacientes que padecen esta enfermedad desde un enfoque integrado. Métodos: El Atlas 2017 basó sus resultados en una amplia encuesta transversal de pacientes realizada en España (2016), validada por un grupo interdisciplinar de expertos en espondiloartritis. Resultados: Se obtuvieron datos de 680 pacientes con EspAax. La mayoría de ellos sufría EA, eran HLA-B27 positivo, mayores de 45 años y vivían en pareja. Un gran porcentaje tenía estudios universitarios, discapacidad reconocida y era miembro de una asociación de pacientes. Los pacientes declararon un retraso diagnóstico de 8,5 años, alta actividad de la enfermedad (BASDAI 5,5±2,2), rigidez moderada-importante (61,0%), limitación funcional moderada-alta (74,9%) y problemas psicológicos (GHQ 5,7±4,5). Un total del 54,7% declaró estar tomando AINE, el 28,4% FAME, el 36,3% terapia biológica, mientras que el 32,2% no recibía ningún tipo de tratamiento farmacológico. Conclusiones: Los datos de la encuesta Atlas revelan todavía un enorme retraso diagnóstico, alta actividad de la enfermedad, problemas psicológicos, mientras que una proporción importante de pacientes podrían estar infratratados


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Antígeno HLA-B27/isolamento & purificação , Espanha/epidemiologia , Projetos de Pesquisa Epidemiológica , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e790, mar.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093160

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: En Etiopía la asistencia quirúrgica en el medio rural es deficitaria por la falta de cirujanos y por los limitados recursos sanitarios, y este escenario subóptimo puede provocar un incremento de morbilidad y mortalidad operatoria. Objetivos: Describir las intervenciones quirúrgicas realizadas durante ocho años de cooperación en el Hospital Rural de Gambo y analizar la morbilidad y mortalidad posoperatoria. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de las intervenciones quirúrgicas practicadas en el Hospital Rural de Gambo, por un grupo de cooperación quirúrgica entre 2007-2017 en ocho campañas quirúrgicas. Se recogieron en una base de datos el sexo, edad, diagnóstico, tipo de cirugía (urgente o programada), operaciones realizadas, complicaciones posoperatorias, infecciones del sitio quirúrgico, morbilidades, reintervenciones, transfusiones de sangre y mortalidad posoperatoria. Resultados: Se operaron 587 pacientes, 389 de cirugía general, 78 de obstetricia-ginecología, 77 lesiones urológicas y 38 pacientes de traumatología. El 13 por ciento (89) pacientes fueron operados de urgencia. Se aplicó anestesia general con intubación traqueal a 143 pacientes, anestesia raquídea en 167 casos y anestesia local en 277. En cirugía mayor (310 pacientes), la mortalidad fue 2 por ciento, con 5,3 por ciento de infección del sitio quirúrgico, 3 reintervenciones (1 por ciento) y 9 (3 por ciento) transfusiones sanguíneas perioperatorias. Conclusiones: Para la cooperación quirúrgica en el entorno rural de Etiopía es necesaria una formación adicional en cirugía obstétrica-ginecológica, urología y traumatología. A pesar de los escasos medios tecnológicos del Hospital Rural de Gambo es posible realizar una cirugía mayor con seguridad, con un bajo índice de infecciones de herida, de necesidades transfusionales, reoperaciones y mortalidad(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: In Ethiopia, surgical assistance in rural areas is deficient due to the lack of surgeons and limited health resources. This suboptimal setting can cause an increase in morbidity and surgical mortality. Objectives: To describe the surgical interventions carried out during eight years of cooperation in Gambo Rural Hospital and analyze the postoperative morbidity and mortality. Method: A retrospective and descriptive study of the surgical interventions performed at Gambo Rural Hospital was carried out by a surgical cooperation group between 2007-2017 in eight surgical campaigns. Sex, age, diagnosis, type of surgery (urgent or scheduled), carried out operations, postoperative complications, surgical site infections, morbidities, reoperations, blood transfusions and postoperative mortality were collected in a database. Results: 587 patients were operated on: 389 for general surgery, 78 for obstetrics-gynecology, 77 urological lesions, and 38 for traumatology. 13 percent (89) patients were operated urgently. General anesthesia with tracheal intubation was applied to 143 patients, spinal anesthesia was used in 167 cases and local anesthesia was used in 277 cases. In major surgery (310 patients), mortality was 2 percent, with 5.3 percent of surgical site infection, 3 reinterventions (1 percent) and 9 (3 percent) perioperative blood transfusions. Conclusions: Additional training in obstetric-gynecological surgery, urology and traumatology is necessary for surgical cooperation in the rural setting of Ethiopia. Despite the scarce technological means of Gambo Rural Hospital, it is possible to perform major surgery safely, with a low rate of wound infections, transfusion needs, reoperations and mortality(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Hospitais Rurais/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Cooperação Internacional , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Etiópia
17.
An. psicol ; 35(2): 323-331, mayo 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181702

RESUMO

Objetivo: análisis de la influencia de estilos de apego, autocompasión, vocación, demanda asistencial, satisfacción de cuidar, satisfacción con el trabajo y burnout sobre la satisfacción por compasión (SC) en profesionales sociosanitarios. Método: Contestaron al cuestionario online 480 profesionales sociosanitarios asistencialmente activos. Se recogieron variables sociodemográficas, de experiencia laboral, burnout y satisfacción por compasión (Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida ProQoL), autocompasión (de Neff) y estilos de apego (Cuestionario de Relación). Se analizaron correlaciones, diferencias de medias, regresión lineal múltiple (RLM) y análisis cualitativo de la descripción emocional del trabajo. Resultados: El 79,6% (382) fueron mujeres, edad media de 44,6 (DT=10,86). Resultó significativamente (p<,001) mayor la puntuación SC que burnout. El modelo de SC explicó un 51,5% de la varianza (R2corregida=0,515); como variables predictoras (p<,001), satisfacción de cuidar personas (Beta=,309), vocación (Beta=,184), autoamabilidad (Beta=,158) y burnout (Beta=-,306). Conclusiones: sobre la satisfacción por compasión, directamente influye la satisfacción de cuidar personas, vocación, autoamabilidad y ausencia de burnout. Indirectamente también, la capacidad de atención plena, sentimientos de humanidad compartida, vínculo de apego seguro y satisfacción con el equipo de trabajo. También son factores protectores ante burnout, que se relaciona directamente con estilos de apego preocupado, temeroso y falta de autocompasión; autocrítica, sobreidentificación y aislamiento


Objective: analysis of adult attachment styles, self-compassion, vocation, health care demands, caring satisfaction, job satisfaction and burnout on compassion satisfaction (CS) in healthcare professionals. Method: An online questionnaire was answered by 480 assistentially active healthcare professionals. Variables collected were socio-demographic, work experience, burnout and compassion satisfaction (ProQoL Quality of Life Questionnaire), self-compassion (by Neff), and attachment styles (Relation Questionnaire). Correlations, mean differences, multiple linear regression (MLR) and qualitative analysis of the emotional description of the job were analyzed. Results: A 79,6% (382) were women, age average 44,6 (DT = 10,86). CS score resulted significantly (p<,001) higher than burnout. Model for CS explained a 51.5% of the variability (correctedR2=,515); as predictor variables (p<,001), caring satisfaction (Beta=,309), vocation (Beta=,184), self-kindness (Beta=,158) and burnout (Beta=,306). Conclusions: compassion satisfaction is directly influenced by people caring satisfaction, vocation, self-kindness and absence of burnout. Indirectly also, by mindfulness capacity, feelings of common humanity, secure attachment style and satisfaction with the team. These also are preventing factors from burnout, that is directly related to concerned and fearful attachment styles and lack of self-compassion; self-judgement, over-identification and isolation


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação/classificação , Cuidadores/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Empatia , Intenção , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos de Morbidade
18.
Rev. psiquiatr. salud ment. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 12(1): 28-36, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186902

RESUMO

Introducción: Se dispone de escasa literatura científica sobre el impacto de la crisis económica de 2008 en los servicios de salud mental en España. Método: Se ha realizado un análisis de serie temporal interrumpido para examinar una posible asociación a corto plazo entre la crisis económica y el número de hospitalizaciones psiquiátricas. El momento de la intervención (abril del 2008) se fijó sobre la base de los cambios observados en el Producto Interior Bruto (PIB). Se analizaron los datos de 1.152.880 hospitalizaciones psiquiátricas proporcionados por la Encuesta Nacional de Morbilidad Hospitalaria, 69 meses antes y después del inicio de la crisis económica (abril del 2008). Resultados: Las tasas de altas hospitalarias psiquiátricas (ICD9.290-319) ajustadas por edad aumentaron significativamente a partir de abril del 2008, coincidiendo con el inicio de la crisis: las hospitalizaciones aumentaron especialmente en pacientes en el rango de edad 15-24 y en menor medida en el rango de edad 25-34. Los restantes rangos de edad no se vieron afectados. Se observa un aumento significativo en los diagnósticos relativos a la alteración de conducta y emociones, depresión, trastornos neuróticos y de personalidad y trastornos de alcohol y drogas; los diagnósticos relativos al retraso mental y psicosis orgánica no se vieron afectados. Conclusiones: Las hospitalizaciones psiquiátricas aumentaron abruptamente a partir de abril del 2008, coincidiendo con el inicio de la crisis económica. Se han identificado los grupos de edad y diagnósticos afectados. El aumento de las hospitalizaciones se observó solo en los rangos de edad más afectados por el desempleo. Los diagnósticos afectados fueron los más sensibles a los cambios ambientales


Background: Little is published about the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on mental health services in Spain. Method: An interrupted time series analysis was conducted to investigate a potential short-term association between the 2008 economic crisis and the number of psychiatric hospital admissions. The timing of the intervention (April 2008) was based on observed changes in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Data on 1,152,880 psychiatric inpatients from the national Hospital Morbidity Survey, 69 months before and after the onset of the economic crisis (April 2008), were analyzed. Results: Age-adjusted psychiatric (ICD9 290-319) hospital discharge rates significantly increased from April 2008, matching the onset of the crisis, especially for inpatients aged 15-24 years old and to a less extend for inpatients aged 25-34 years old. Other age groups were not affected. There was a significant increase in diagnoses for disturbance of conduct and emotions, depression, neurotic and personality disorders and alcohol and drug disorders; however, diagnoses for mental retardation and organic psychosis for 15-34 years old inpatients were unaffected. Conclusions: Psychiatric hospital admissions abruptly increased in April 2008, coinciding with the onset of the economic crisis. We identified age groups and diagnoses affected. Increased hospitalizations were found only at the age-ranges most affected by the rise in unemployment. The diagnoses affected were those most sensitive to environmental changes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Recessão Econômica/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Hospitais Psiquiátricos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Séries Temporais , Produto Interno Bruto/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos de Morbidade
19.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(1): 45-52, ene.-feb. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183626

RESUMO

Objetivo: PELFI es un estudio multicéntrico de cohortes de familias inmigradas en España. Los objetivos de este manuscrito son: 1) describir el reclutamiento, la recogida de información y las características sociodemográficas según origen y sexo de los participantes de las familias; y 2) valorar las estrategias de reclutamiento y recogida de información que facilitaron la participación en la subcohorte PELFI Badalona/SC. Método: Estudio descriptivo con una muestra de conveniencia de familias inmigrantes y autóctonas residentes en Badalona y Santa Coloma de Gramanet. Se encuestaron los padres, madres e hijos >16 años, y se realizaron exámenes médicos. Resultados: Participaron 115 familias. Entre las estrategias de reclutamiento, la bola de nieve logró el 69% de cooperación. La tasa de cooperación del estudio fue del 57,5% y de los exámenes médicos del 66,6%. La cooperación de las familias chinas fue del 38,5% y no se reclutaron hijos >16 años. El 28% de las encuestas se realizaron en fin de semana o por la noche. Las familias tenían un tiempo medio de residencia de 12,2 años. El 71,2% de los hijos >16 años tenían estudios secundarios finalizados. Los inmigrantes tenían una clase social más baja que los autóctonos (p<0,05) y las mujeres inmigradas menor nivel de estudios (p<0,05). Conclusiones: Interaccionar frecuentemente con la comunidad, utilizar simultáneamente distintas estrategias de reclutamiento, incorporar investigadores del mismo origen geográfico que los participantes, minimizar las barreras idiomáticas y ofrecer flexibilidad de tiempo y lugar facilitó la participación. Las familias chinas presentaron mayores dificultades. Las conclusiones facilitarán la implementación de futuras cohortes de características similares


Objective: PELFI is a multicentre cohort study of migrant families in Spain. The objectives of this manuscript were: 1) to describe the recruitment strategies, data collection and the main socio-demographic characteristics according to geographical origin and sex of participants of the families; and 2) to assess the recruitment and data collection strategies that facilitated participation in the basal assessment of the Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramanet cohort. Method: Descriptive study on a convenience sample of migrant and native families residing in Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramanet. Health interviews were conducted on fathers, mothers and children>16 years; and medical examinations were performed. Results: There were 115 participating families. Within the recruitment strategies, snow ball achieved 69% cooperation. The cooperation rate of the study was 57.5% and that of the clinical sub-sample was 66.6%. Cooperation rate of the Chinese families was 38.5% and Chinese children >16 years old were not recruited. Twenty-eight percent of the interviews were conducted at weekends or during the evening. Families had a mean of 12.2 years of residence. Seventy-one point two percent of the children >16 years had completed secondary studies. The migrants had lower social class than natives (p < 0.05) and the migrant women had lower levels of education (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Interacting frequently with the community, using different recruitment strategies simultaneously, incorporating researchers from the same geographical origin as participants, minimising language barriers and offering flexibility in conducting data collection facilitated the participation of the migrant families. The Chinese families presented greater difficulties. The study findings will facilitate the implementation of future cohort studies with similar characteristics


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde da Família/classificação , Nível de Saúde , Características da Família , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Escolaridade , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Barreiras de Comunicação
20.
Enferm. glob ; 18(53): 1-9, ene. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183410

RESUMO

Objetivo: Determinar si la orientación sexual influye dentro de la violencia sufrida dentro del hogar en las diferentes orientaciones sexuales sin considerar el sexo biológico.Material y método: Se realizaron ANOVAs de dos vías a partir de dos test, WAST de cribado e ISA de diagnóstico y un análisis factorial. La muestra recogida consistió en 454 sujetos de los cuales 156 fueron homosexuales, 265 heterosexuales, 30 bisexuales y 2 no contestaron. Resultados: Las cuatro violencias identificadas (interpersonal, social, física y psicológica) no mostraron diferencias significativas en relación a la orientación sexual con independencia del sexo biológico, de la misma forma se observó la violencia dentro de la pareja como algo marginal.Conclusiones: La violencia dentro de la pareja se pudo observar dentro de todas las estructuras de pareja, por lo que la violencia fue independiente de la orientación sexual


Objective: To determine if sexual orientation influences within the domestic violence in the different sexual orientations without considering the biological sex.Material and method: Two-way ANOVAs were performed from two tests, WAST screening and ISA diagnostic and a factorial analysis. the collected sample consisted of 454 subjects of which 156 were homosexual, 265 heterosexual, 30 bisexual and 2 did not answer.Results: The four identified violence (interpersonal, social, physical and psychological) did not show significant differences in relation to sexual orientation regardless of biological sex, in the same way violence was observed within the couple as marginal.Conclusions: Violence within the couple was observed within all partner structures, so violence was independent of sexual orientation


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/instrumentação , Comportamento Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos de Morbidade , Conflito Familiar
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