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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(13)2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39000056

RESUMO

The lack of specific biological materials and biomarkers limits our knowledge of the mechanisms underlying intrauterine regulation of iron supply to the fetus. Determining the meconium content of proteins commonly used in the laboratory to assess the transport, storage, and distribution of iron in the body may elucidate their roles in fetal development. Ferritin, transferrin, haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin, lactoferrin, myeloperoxidase (MPO), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and calprotectin were determined by ELISA in meconium samples obtained from 122 neonates. There were strong correlations between the meconium concentrations of haptoglobin, transferrin, and NGAL (p < 0.05). Meconium concentrations of ferritin were several-fold higher than the concentrations of the other proteins, with the exception of calprotectin whose concentration was approximately three-fold higher than that of ferritin. Meconium ceruloplasmin concentration significantly correlated with the concentrations of MPO, NGAL, lactoferrin, and calprotectin. Correlations between the meconium concentrations of haptoglobin, transferrin, and NGAL may reflect their collaborative involvement in the storage and transport of iron in the intrauterine environment in line with their recognized biological properties. High meconium concentrations of ferritin may provide information about the demand for iron and its utilization by the fetus. The associations between ceruloplasmin and neutrophil proteins may indicate the involvement of ceruloplasmin in the regulation of neutrophil activity in the intrauterine environment.


Assuntos
Ceruloplasmina , Haptoglobinas , Ferro , Lipocalina-2 , Mecônio , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Mecônio/metabolismo , Recém-Nascido , Ceruloplasmina/metabolismo , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/metabolismo , Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Transferrina/metabolismo , Transferrina/análise , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/metabolismo , Lactoferrina/metabolismo , Lactoferrina/análise , Masculino , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Adulto
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(20): e38279, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758867

RESUMO

To explore the influence of perinatal-related factors on meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in full-term neonates and construct a nomogram prediction model for risk stratification of neonatal MAS and adoption of preventive measures. A total of 424 newborns and their mothers who were regularly examined at our hospital between January 2020 and December 2023 who had meconium-contaminated amniotic fluid during delivery were retrospectively selected as participants. Neonates were divided into MAS and non-MAS groups based on whether MAS occurred within 3 days after birth. Data from the 2 groups were analyzed, and factors influencing MAS were screened using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The R3.4.3 software was used to construct a nomogram prediction model for neonatal MAS risk. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test were used to evaluate the performance of the model, and its clinical effectiveness was evaluated using a decision curve. Among the 424 neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid, 51 developed MAS within 3 days of birth (12.03%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a low amniotic fluid index before delivery (OR = 2.862, P = .019), advanced gestational age (OR = 0.526, P = .034), cesarean section (OR = 2.650, P = .013), severe amniotic fluid contamination (OR = 4.199, P = .002), low umbilical cord blood pH (OR = 2.938, P = .011), and low neonatal Apgar 1-min score (OR = 3.133, P = .006) were influencing factors of MAS in full-term neonates. Based on the above indicators, a nomogram prediction model for MAS risk of full-term newborns was constructed. The area under the ROC curve of the model was 0.931. The model was also tested for goodness-of-fit deviation (χ2 = 3.465, P = .903). Decision curve analysis found that the model was clinically effective in predicting the net benefit of MAS risk in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. The construction of a column chart prediction model for neonatal MAS risk based on prenatal amniotic fluid index, gestational age, delivery method, amniotic fluid contamination level, newborn umbilical blood pH value, and Apgar 1-min score has a certain application value.


Assuntos
Líquido Amniótico , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio , Nomogramas , Humanos , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Gravidez , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Curva ROC , Idade Gestacional , Modelos Logísticos , Índice de Apgar , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Mecônio , Adulto
3.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(23): 9980-9990, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38819024

RESUMO

Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during pregnancy has been inversely associated with neonatal neurological development. However, the associations of exposure to specific PM2.5 constituents with neonatal neurological development remain unclear. We investigated these associations and examined the mediating role of meconium metabolites in a Chinese birth cohort consisting of 294 mother-infant pairs. Our results revealed that exposure to PM2.5 and its specific constituents (i.e., organic matter, black carbon, sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium) in the second trimester, but not in the first or third trimester, was inversely associated with the total neonatal behavioral neurological assessment (NBNA) scores. The PM2.5 constituent mixture in the second trimester was also inversely associated with NBNA scores, and sulfate was identified as the largest contributor. Furthermore, meconium metabolome analysis identified four metabolites, namely, threonine, lysine, leucine, and saccharopine, that were associated with both PM2.5 constituents and NBNA scores. Threonine was identified as an important mediator, accounting for a considerable proportion (14.53-15.33%) of the observed inverse associations. Our findings suggest that maternal exposure to PM2.5 and specific constituents may adversely affect neonatal behavioral development, in which meconium metabolites may play a mediating role.


Assuntos
Exposição Materna , Mecônio , Material Particulado , Humanos , Feminino , Mecônio/química , Gravidez , Estudos de Coortes , Recém-Nascido , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos
5.
Cir. pediátr ; 37(2): 89-92, Abr. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232272

RESUMO

Introducción: La enfermedad de Hirschsprung (EH) se caracterizapor la ausencia de células ganglionares en los plexos submucoso y mientérico del intestino grueso, resultante de deficiencias en la migracióny diferenciación de las células de la cresta neural entérica durante laembriogénesis. Es una condición multifactorial, con más de 11 genesidentificados en su patogénesis, incluyendo el protooncogén RET.Caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de dos hermanos con EH de colontotal, cuyo padre también padeció la enfermedad, y en quien se encontróuna variante potencialmente patogénica en el gen RET.Comentarios: El diagnóstico prenatal mediante pruebas genéticaspermite decisiones informadas y la planificación de cuidados para elneonato afectado, reduciendo demoras en el diagnóstico y tratamiento,y minimizando las complicaciones a largo plazo. La identificación demutaciones como la variante en el gen RET destaca la importancia delenfoque genético en la comprensión y manejo de la EH.(AU)


Introduction: Hirschsprung’s disease (HD) is characterized by theabsence of ganglion cells in the submucosal and myenteric plexuses ofthe colon as a result of disorders in the migration and differentiationof enteric neural crest cells during embryogenesis. It is a cross-factorcondition, with more than 11 genes identified in its pathogenesis, including the RET proto-onco gene.Case report: We present the case of two siblings with total colonHD where a potentially pathogenic variant of the RET gene was found.Their father also had this condition.Discussion: Prenatal diagnosis through genetic testing allows forinformed decisions and care planning for the newborn, thus reducin delayed diagnosis and treatment, and minimizing long-term complications. Mutations such as the RET gene variant highlight the importanceof the genetic approach in understanding and managing HD.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Doença de Hirschsprung , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Genética , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Mecônio
6.
Riv Psichiatr ; 59(2): 52-59, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651773

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prenatal alcohol exposure causes a variety of impairments to the fetus called Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Since it is very difficult to identify women that consume alcohol during pregnancy, different methods have been studied to evaluate alcohol exposure. Ethyl Glucuronide (EtG) and Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters (FAEEs) are commonly used to measure alcohol consumption in individuals at-risk for alcohol abuse, including pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a study of two cohorts of 1.5 year-old infants (of mothers without a history of alcohol abuse) with or without meconium samples positive to both EtG and FAEEs and we evaluated their cognitive-behavioral development by the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale (GMDS) method. Our protocol included 8 infants with meconium positive to alcohol metabolites (EtG and FAEEs) and 7 with meconium negative to alcohol metabolites. RESULTS: None of the 8 alcohol metabolites positive meconium infants exhibited distinctive facial features and growth retardation of severe FASD, showing that other factors may contribute to the FASD onset but elevations in EtG and FAEEs in the meconium were significantly associated with disrupted neurodevelopment and adaptive functions within the first year and a half of life. Indeed, we found out that infants with meconium positive for both EtG and FAEEs, although without displaying any FASD morphological features, had a delay in the fine regulation of their own locomotory capabilities. CONCLUSIONS: Further analyses and larger studies are needed to estimate the right link between prenatal alcohol exposure and the different range of disorders connected but this study provides an additional step in the field of FASD in order to suggest early treatments for at-risk newborns and infants.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal , Glucuronatos , Mecônio , Humanos , Mecônio/química , Mecônio/metabolismo , Projetos Piloto , Feminino , Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Glucuronatos/análise , Lactente , Masculino , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Recém-Nascido , Locomoção , Ésteres/análise , Desenvolvimento Infantil
7.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e084704, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658011

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Various approaches are employed to expedite the passage of meconium in preterm infants within the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), with glycerine enemas being the most frequently used. Due to the potential risk of high osmolality-induced harm to the intestinal mucosa, diluted glycerine enema solutions are commonly used in clinical practice. The challenge lies in the current lack of knowledge regarding the safest and most effective concentration of glycerine enema. This research aims to ascertain the safety of different concentrations of glycerine enema solution in preterm infants. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study protocol is for a single-centre, two-arm, parallel-group, double-blind and non-inferiority randomised controlled trial. Participants will be recruited from a NICU in a teriary class A hospital in China, and eligible infants will be randomly allocated to either the glycerine (mL): saline (mL) group in a 3:7 ratio or the 1:9 ratio group. The enema procedure will adhere to the standardised operational protocols. Primary outcomes encompass necrotising enterocolitis and rectal bleeding, while secondary outcomes encompass feeding parameters, meconium passage outcomes and splanchnic regional oxygen saturation. Analyses will compare the two trial arms based on an intention-to-treat allocation. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This trial is approved by the ethics committee of the Medical Ethics Committee of West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University. The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2300079199.


Assuntos
Enema , Glicerol , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Mecônio , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Enema/métodos , Enterocolite Necrosante/prevenção & controle , Glicerol/administração & dosagem , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e247145, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38648060

RESUMO

Importance: Delayed meconium evacuation and delayed achievement of full enteral feeding among premature infants are associated with poor short- and long-term outcomes. Identifying a more effective and safer enema for meconium evacuation is imperative for improving neonatal care. Objective: To examine whether breast milk enemas can shorten the time to complete meconium evacuation and achievement of full enteral feeding for preterm infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized, open-label, parallel-group, single-center clinical trial was conducted from September 1, 2019, to September 30, 2022, among 286 preterm infants with a gestational age of 23 to 30 weeks in the neonatal ward of the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University in Shenyang. Interventions: Preterm infants were randomly assigned to receive either breast milk enemas or normal saline enemas 48 hours after birth. Main Outcome and Measures: The primary outcomes were time to complete meconium evacuation and time to achieve full enteral feeding. Secondary outcomes were duration of hospitalization, weight at discharge, and duration of total parenteral nutrition. Intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses were conducted. Results: In total, 286 preterm infants (mean [SD] gestational age, 198.8 [7.9] days; 166 boys [58.0%]) were eligible and included in this study. A total of 145 infants were randomized to the normal saline group, and 141 were randomized to the breast milk group. The time to achieve complete meconium evacuation was significantly shorter in the breast milk group than in the normal saline group (-2.2 days; 95% CI, -3.2 to -1.2 days). The time to achieve full enteral feeding was also significantly shorter in the breast milk group than in the normal saline group (-4.6 days; 95% CI, -8.0 to -1.2 days). The duration of total parenteral nutrition was significantly shorter in the breast milk group than in the normal saline group (-4.6 days; 95% CI, -8.6 to -1.0 days). There were no clinically notable differences in any other secondary or safety outcomes between the 2 groups. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial testing the effects of breast milk enema on meconium evacuation, breast milk reduced the time to achieve complete meconium evacuation and achieve full enteral feeding for preterm infants with a gestational age of 23 to 30 weeks. Subgroup analyses highlight the need for tailored interventions based on gestational age considerations. Trial Registration: isrctn.org Identifier: ISRCTN17847514.


Assuntos
Enema , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Mecônio , Leite Humano , Humanos , Enema/métodos , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Masculino , China , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Idade Gestacional
9.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 526-532, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557536

RESUMO

Meconium-stained amniotic fluid is the passage of meconium by a fetus in utero during the antenatal period or in labour. It has for long been considered to be a bad predictor of fetal distress and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). The objective of this study was to find out the fetal outcome of MSAF and clear amniotic fluid. This cross- sectional comparative study was carried out in Upazilla Health Complex, Palash, Narshingdi from July 2016 to June 2017. A total of 100 pregnant women among them 50 women with MSAF and 50 women with clear liquor were studied to see the record of ANC, mode of delivery and fetal outcome by APGAR score. Study showed that among MSAF group 76.0% (n=38) had irregular ANC and 24.0% (n=12) had regular ANC whereas in clear liquor 86.0% (n=43) had regular ANC 14.0% had irregular ANC. Among MSAF (50 cases) thick meconium was in 20 cases (40.0%) and thin meconium was in 30 cases (60.0%). Regarding mode of delivery 52.0% (n=26) MSAF cases had instrumental delivery and Caesarean section compared to 24.0% (n=12) in clear liquor group. Regarding thick MSAF among 40.0% (n=20), (n=14) had low APGAR score and (n=6) had normal score at one minute and (n=9) low APGAR score and (n=11) normal score at five minutes. In clear liquor, among 100.0% (n=50), 20.0% (n=10) had low APGAR score and 80.0% (n=40) had normal score at one-minute and at five minutes 8.0% (n=4) had low APGAR score and 92.0% (n=46) had normal score. Among MSAF 26.0% (n=13) were admitted to SCBU compare to 12.0% (n=6) in clear liquor group. The mean SCBU stay was 3.1 days in MSAF whereas 1.2 days in clear liquor. Among MSAF babies 4.0% (n=2) had MAS compared to no MAS in clear liquor group. Regarding Survivalist 92.0% (n=46) were alive in MSAF whereas 100.0% all (n=50) were alive in clear liquor group.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio , Mecônio , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Gravidez , Líquido Amniótico , Cesárea , Coloração e Rotulagem
10.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 40(1): 94, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551785

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether infants with prenatal diagnosis of meconium peritonitis (MP) have a poorer prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from infants treated with surgery from January 2008 to December 2020 was conducted. The patients were divided into prenatal diagnosis group and postnatal diagnosis group based on the timing of diagnosis. The intraoperative and postoperative parameters of the two groups of patients were compared. RESULTS: A total of 71 cases of MP were included in the study, with 48 cases in the prenatal diagnosis group and 23 cases in the postnatal diagnosis group. The comparison of preoperative indicators between the two groups of patients showed no statistically significant differences in baseline (p > 0.05). Intraoperative indicators, including blood loss, anastomosis, retained intestinal tube length and excised intestinal tube length, showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups (p > 0.05). However, the postnatal diagnosis group had a significantly shorter operation time than the prenatal diagnosis group (p < 0.05). Postoperative indicators, including fasting time, albumin usage, complications, and abandonment or mortality rates, show no difference (p > 0.05). Nevertheless, the postnatal diagnosis group exhibited significantly shorter hospital stay and time to first bowel movement compared to the prenatal diagnosis group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Prenatal diagnosis of meconium peritonitis is associated with increased surgical complexity, prolonged hospital stay, and delayed recovery of intestinal function. However, there is no evidence of higher mortality or more complications compared to infants diagnosed postnatally, and there is no significant difference in long-term prognosis.


Assuntos
Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Peritonite , Lactente , Gravidez , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Mecônio , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/efeitos adversos , Idade Gestacional , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Peritonite/diagnóstico , Peritonite/cirurgia
11.
Clin Chem ; 70(7): 934-947, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Substance use during pregnancy is common, as is biological testing that is intended to help identify prenatal exposures. However, there is no standardized requirement for biological testing with either maternal or newborn specimens, nor is there standardization related to when testing occurs, how frequently testing occurs, what specimen(s) to test, what substances to test for, or how to perform testing. CONTENT: We review common specimen types tested to detect maternal and newborn substance exposure with a focus on urine, meconium, and umbilical cord tissue. We also review common analytical methods used to perform testing, including immunoassay, and mass spectrometry platforms. Considerations regarding the utilization of testing relative to the purpose of testing, the drug analyte(s) of interest, the specific testing employed, and the interpretation of results are emphasized to help guide decisions about clinical utilization of testing. We also highlight specific examples of unexpected results that can be used to guide interpretation and appropriate next steps. SUMMARY: There are strengths and limitations associated with all approaches to detecting substance exposure in pregnant persons as well as biological testing to evaluate a newborn with possible substance exposure. Standardization is needed to better inform decisions surrounding evaluation of substance exposures in pregnant people and newborns. If biological sampling is pursued, testing options and results must be reviewed in clinical context, acknowledging that false-positive and -negative results can and do occur.


Assuntos
Mecônio , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias/métodos , Mecônio/química , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/urina , Imunoensaio/métodos , Cordão Umbilical , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos
12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(13): 5739-5749, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456395

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated the embryonic and developmental toxicity of plasticizers. Thus, understanding the in utero biotransformation and accumulation of plasticizers is essential to assessing their fate and potential toxicity in early life. In the present study, 311 infant hair samples and 271 paired meconium samples were collected at birth in Guangzhou, China, to characterize fetal exposure to legacy and emerging plasticizers and their metabolites. Results showed that most of the target plasticizers were detected in infant hair, with medians of 9.30, 27.6, and 0.145 ng/g for phthalate esters (PAEs), organic phosphate ester (OPEs), and alternative plasticizers (APs), and 1.44, 0.313, and 0.066 ng/g for the metabolites of PAEs, OPEs, and APs, respectively. Positive correlations between plasticizers and their corresponding primary metabolites, as well as correlations among the oxidative metabolites of bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and 1,2-cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid diisononyl ester (DINCH), were observed, indicating that infant hair retained the major phase-I metabolism of the target plasticizers. While no positive correlations were found in parent compounds or their primary metabolites between paired infant hair and meconium, significant positive correlations were observed among secondary oxidative metabolites of DEHP and DINCH in hair and meconium, suggesting that the primary metabolites in meconium come from hydrolysis of plasticizers in the fetus but most of the oxidative metabolites come from maternal-fetal transmission. The parent compound/metabolite ratios in infant hair showed a decreasing trend across pregnancy, suggesting in utero accumulation and deposition of plasticizers. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to report in utero exposure to both parent compounds and metabolites of plasticizers by using paired infant hair and meconium as noninvasive biomonitoring matrices and provides novel insights into the fetal biotransformation and accumulation of plasticizers across pregnancy.


Assuntos
Dietilexilftalato , Ácidos Ftálicos , Humanos , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Plastificantes , Mecônio/metabolismo , Dietilexilftalato/metabolismo , Dietilexilftalato/toxicidade , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Cabelo/metabolismo , Organofosfatos , Biotransformação , Ésteres/metabolismo , Exposição Ambiental/análise
13.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 37(1): 2250045, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to improve diagnostic and therapeutic standards by examining the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of fetal meconium peritonitis (FMP), as well as the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound for FMP. METHODS: The clinical data of 41 infants and pregnant women diagnosed with meconium peritonitis (MP) and treated at the Fujian Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2013 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical data, imaging data, complications, treatment strategies, pregnancy outcomes, neonatal prognoses, and follow-up outcomes were all analyzed. RESULTS: The MP prenatal diagnosis rate was 56.1% (23/41), the neonatal surgery rate was 53.7% (22/41), and the survival rate was 85.4% (35/41). Intraperitoneal calcification (23 pregnant women, 56.1%), intestinal dilatation (13 pregnant women, 31.7%), peritoneal effusion (22 pregnant women, 53.7%), intraperitoneal pseudocyst (7 pregnant women, 17.1%), and polyhydramnios were diagnosed via prenatal ultrasound (18 pregnant women, 43.9%). Twenty-two pregnant women were assigned to the surgical treatment (operation) group, while 18 were assigned to the conservative treatment group. In the operation group, there were 9 cases of ileal atresia (40.9%), 7 cases of jejunal atresia (31.8%), 2 cases of atresia at the jejunum-ileum junction (9.1%), 2 cases of ileal perforation (9.1%), 1 case of ileal necrosis (4.5%), and 1 case of adhesive obstruction (4.5%). There was no statistically significant difference (p > .05) in the occurrence of various prenatal ultrasound findings by etiology. CONCLUSION: Multiple prenatal ultrasound markers have been identified for MP. To improve the efficacy of newborn treatment for FMP and reduce neonatal mortality, dynamic monitoring of ultrasound image alterations and strengthened integrated perinatal management are necessary.


Assuntos
Perfuração Intestinal , Peritonite , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Perfuração Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Mecônio , Peritonite/diagnóstico , Peritonite/terapia , Peritonite/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
14.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297654, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid is one of the causes for birth asphyxia. Each year, over five million neonatal deaths occur worldwide because of meconium-stained amniotic fluid and other causes, of which 90% are due to birth asphyxia. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of meconium-stained amniotic fluid and associated factors among women who gave birth in North Shoa Zone Hospitals, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, 2022. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was employed. We used 610 women who gave birth at North Shoa Zone Hospitals, Amhara region, Ethiopia. The study was conducted from June 8 to August 8, 2022. Recruitment for the study was made using a multistage sampling procedure. Fifty percent of the study hospitals were randomly selected, and proportional allocation was done. Participants were selected from the sampling frame, labour and delivery register book, using a systematic random sampling approach. The first person was selected at random, while the remaining individuals were selected at every two "K" intervals across all hospitals. An interview-administered structured questionnaire and chart review checklist were used to gather the data that were entered into Epi-Data Version 4.6 and exported to SPSS. Logistics regression was employed, and a p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULT: The magnitude of meconium-stained amniotic fluid was 30.3%. Women with a normal hematocrit level were 83% less likely to develop meconium-stained amniotic fluid. Women whose mid-upper arm circumference value was less than 22.9cm (AOR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.18-3.20), obstructed labour (AOR = 3.6; 95% CI: 1.48-8.83), prolonged labour ≥ 15 hr (AOR = 7.5; 95% CI: 7.68-13.3), premature rapture of membrane (AOR = 1.7; 95% CI: 3.22-7.40), foetal tachycardia (AOR = 6.2; 95% CI: 2.41-16.3), and Bradycardia (AOR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.93-5.28) showed a significant association with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that the magnitude of meconium-stained amniotic fluid in North Shoa Zone is nearly one-third. A normal hematocrit level is a preventive factor for meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and a MUAC value <22.9 cm, obstructed and prolonged labour, PROM, bradycardia, and tachycardia are factors associated with meconium-stained amniotic fluid.


Assuntos
Asfixia Neonatal , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Complicações na Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Feminino , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Mecônio , Líquido Amniótico , Estudos Transversais , Asfixia/complicações , Bradicardia , Hospitais , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Asfixia Neonatal/complicações , Taquicardia/complicações
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3264, 2024 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332050

RESUMO

The early development of the gut microbiome is governed by multiple factors and has significantly long-term effects on later-in-life health. To minimize inter-individual variations in the environment, we determined developmental trajectories of the gut microbiome in 28 healthy neonates during their stay at a postpartum center. Stool samples were collected at three time points: the first-pass meconium within 24 h of life, and at 7 and 28 days of age. Illumina sequencing of the V3-V4 region of 16S rRNA was used to investigate microbiota profiles. We found that there was a distinct microbiota structure at each time point, with a significant shift during the first week. Proteobacteria was most abundant in the first-pass meconium; Firmicutes and Actinobacteria increased with age and were substituted as the major components. Except for a short-term influence of different delivery modes on the microbiota composition, early microbiome development was not remarkably affected by gravidity, maternal intrapartum antibiotic treatment, premature rupture of membranes, or postnatal phototherapy. Hence, our data showed a similar developmental trajectory of the gut microbiome during the first month in healthy neonates when limited in environmental variations. Environmental factors external to the host were crucial in the early microbiome development.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Feminino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Mecônio/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia
16.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(5): 2260-2270, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38252093

RESUMO

Multiple pieces of evidence have shown that prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is closely related to adverse birth outcomes for infants. However, difficult access to human samples limits our understanding of PFASs transport and metabolism across the human placental barrier, as well as the accurate assessment of fetal PFASs exposure. Herein, we assess fetal exposure to 28 PFASs based on paired serum, placenta, and meconium samples. Overall, 21 PFASs were identified first to be exposed to the fetus prenatally and to be metabolized and excreted by the fetus. In meconium samples, 25 PFASs were detected, with perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorohexane sulfonic acid being the dominant congeners, suggesting the metabolism and excretion of PFASs through meconium. Perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids might be more easily eliminated through the meconium than perfluorinated carboxylic acids. Importantly, based on molecular docking, MRP1, OATP2B1, ASCT1, and P-gp were identified as crucial transporters in the dynamic placental transfer of PFASs between the mother and the fetus. ATSC5p and PubchemFP679 were recognized as critical structural features that affect the metabolism and secretion of PFASs through meconium. With increasing carbon chain length, both the transplacental transfer efficiency and meconium excretion efficiency of PFASs showed a structure-dependent manner. This study reports, for the first time, that meconium, which is a noninvasive and stable biological matrix, can be strong evidence of prenatal PFASs exposure.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Fluorocarbonos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Placenta , Mecônio/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Carboxílicos/metabolismo
18.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 59, 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: True umbilical cord knot (TUCK) is a rare finding that often leads to intensified surveillance and patient anxiety. This study sought to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes of TUCK. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a tertiary university medical center in 2007-2019. Patients with singleton pregnancies diagnosed postnatally with TUCK were identified and compared to women without TUCK for obstetric and neonatal outcomes using propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: TUCK was diagnosed in 780 of the 96,766 deliveries (0.8%). Women with TUCK were older than those without TUCK (32.57 vs. 31.06 years, P < 0.001) and had higher gravidity (3 vs. 2, P < 001) and a higher rate of prior stillbirth (1.76% vs. 0.43%, P < 0.01). Following covariate adjustment, 732 women with TUCK were compared to 7320 matched controls. TUCK was associated with emergency cesarean delivery due to non-reassuring fetal heart rate (2.54% vs. 4.35%, P = 0.008, OR 1.71, 95%CI 1.14-2.56) and intrapartum meconium-stained amniotic fluid (19.26% vs. 15.41%, P = 0.022, OR 1.31, 95%CI 1.04-1.65). Neonatal outcomes were comparable except for higher rates of 1-min Apgar score < 7 and neonatal seizures in the TUCK group. The stillbirth rate was higher in the TUCK group, but the difference was not statistically significant (1.23% vs 0.62%, P = 0.06, OR 1.96, 95%CI 0.96-4.03). CONCLUSIONS: TUCK has several identifiable risk factors. Pregnant women with TUCK may cautiously be informed of the relatively low risks of major obstetric or perinatal complications. The lower occurrence of stillbirth in the TUCK group warrants further study.


Assuntos
Mecônio , Natimorto , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Relevância Clínica , Pontuação de Propensão , Cordão Umbilical , Índice de Apgar
19.
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 274(2): 343-352, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37532863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been linked to severe, adverse child outcomes. However, little is known regarding subclinical outcomes of low/moderate PAE and its longitudinal consequences, especially regarding neurophysiological and neurocognitive development. A newborn biomarker of PAE, meconium ethyl glucuronide (EtG), has been shown to predict cognitive impairments in primary-school-aged children. The current study investigated the ongoing effects of subclinical PAE in adolescence. METHODS: A sample of n = 96 mother-child dyads of the FRAMES/FRANCES cohort were classified into PAE/no PAE using EtG with a 10 ng/g cutoff. Mothers were recruited during pregnancy and children were assessed during primary-school age (M = 7.57, SD = 0.65, range: 6.00-9.92 years) and adolescence (M = 13.26, SD = 0.31, range: 12.79-14.20 years) on three levels: clinical (ADHD rating), neuropsychological (IQ score and performance in a go/nogo task), and neurophysiological (analysis of P3 event-related potentials (ERP) during said go/nogo task). Developmental outcomes and courses following PAE were assessed using rmANCOVAs, controlling for relevant confounders (socioeconomic status (SES), birth weight, and maternal psychopathology). RESULTS: Neurophysiological impairments emerged for exposed children in the form of diminished attentional resource recruiting in childhood and adolescence (reduced go-P3 amplitudes) with no differences in performance. Neuropsychological testing showed a reduced IQ score for both time points with dose-dependent effects in childhood. Clinical ADHD symptoms were not significantly affected. CONCLUSION: Subclinical PAE, as determined by meconium EtG, has negative developmental consequences on cognitive function that persist from childhood to adolescence. These findings suggest that there is no safe limit for alcohol consumption during pregnancy and that more thorough screening of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is necessary for early identification and treatment of at-risk children.


Assuntos
Glucuronatos , Mecônio , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Gravidez , Criança , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/diagnóstico , Etanol , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Cognição
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