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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37382, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylotic radiculopathy is currently one of the common orthopedic diseases, mainly characterized by neck pain, stiffness, limited mobility, and related symptoms of nerve root compression, which seriously troubles people's work and life. METHODS: Ninety cases of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome) were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, 45 cases in each group. The control group was treated with western medicine (nerve nutrition, pain relief, and circulation improvement drugs), and the treatment group was treated with Gao's nape needle combined with modified Shentong Zhuyu decoction on the basis of the control group. Before and after 2 weeks, TCM syndrome score, TCM curative effect, visual analogue scale score, numbness score, neck disability index score, related serum inflammatory factors (interleukin-10 [IL-10], interleukin-6 [IL-6], tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α]), related hemorheological indexes (plasma viscosity, high shear whole blood viscosity, low shear whole blood viscosity level) were used as evaluation indexes to evaluate the effect. RESULTS: After treatment, the total effective rate of the treatment group was 91.11%, which was better than that of the control group (78.78%), and the TCM syndrome scores of the 2 groups were decreased, the treatment group was better than that of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < .05). After treatment, the visual analogue scale score, numbness score, and neck disability index score were decreased in both groups, and the decrease in the treatment group was more significant than that in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < .05). After treatment, the related serum inflammatory factors (IL-10, IL-6, TNF-α) and related hemorheological indexes (plasma viscosity, high-shear whole blood viscosity, low-shear whole blood viscosity) were decreased in both groups, and the decrease in the treatment group was more significant than that in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome) with Gao's nape needle and modified Shentong Zhuyu decoction can improve the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine, improve the related discomfort symptoms (neck tenderness, adverse activity, numbness, etc), improve the neck function, reduce IL-10, IL-6, TNF-α, and other related serum inflammatory factors, and improve hemorheological indicators.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Radiculopatia , Espondilose , Humanos , Qi , Radiculopatia/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-10 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Interleucina-6 , Hipestesia , Espondilose/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 148: 109521, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552889

RESUMO

In mammals, ß-catenin participates in innate immune process through interaction with NF-κB signaling pathway. However, its role in teleost immune processes remains largely unknown. We aimed to clarify the function of ß-catenin in the natural defense mechanism of Qi river crucian carp (Carassius auratus). ß-catenin exhibited a ubiquitous expression pattern in adult fish, as indicated by real-time PCR analysis. Following lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (polyI: C) and Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) challenges, ß-catenin increased in gill, intestine, liver and kidney, indicating that ß-catenin likely plays a pivotal role in the immune response against pathogen infiltration. Inhibition of the ß-catenin pathway using FH535, an inhibitor of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, resulting in pathological damage of the gill, intestine, liver and kidney, significant decrease of innate immune factors (C3, defb3, LYZ-C, INF-γ), upregulation of inflammatory factors (NF-κB, TNF-α, IL-1, IL-8), and downregulation of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, increase of Malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Following A. hydrophila invasion, the mortality rate in the FH535 treatment group exceeded that of the control group. In addition, the diversity of intestinal microflora decreased and the community structure was uneven after FH535 treatment. In summary, our findings strongly suggest that ß-catenin plays a vital role in combating pathogen invasion and regulating intestinal flora in Qi river crucian carp.


Assuntos
Carpas , Doenças dos Peixes , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Sulfonamidas , Animais , Carpa Dourada/genética , Carpa Dourada/metabolismo , Carpas/genética , Carpas/metabolismo , NF-kappa B , Rios , beta Catenina/genética , Qi , Imunidade Inata/genética , Antioxidantes , Aeromonas hydrophila/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixes , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Mamíferos/metabolismo
3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(3): 271-275, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the clinical efficacy of the parallel needling technique for peripheral facial paralysis with qi deficiency and blood stasis. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with peripheral facial paralysis of qi deficiency and blood stasis were randomly assigned to a parallel needling group and a conventional acupuncture group, with 31 patients in each group. The conventional acupuncture group received needling at Yangbai (GB 14), Quanliao (SI 18), Jiache (ST 6), Dicang (ST 4), Yifeng (TE 17) on the affected side, Hegu (LI 4) on the healthy side, and bilateral Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Xuehai (SP 10) and Qihai (CV 6) etc. The parallel needling group, in addition to the conventional acupuncture points, received parallel needling at three additional groups of acupoints, i.e. forehead wrinkle group, mid-face group, and corner of the mouth group. Both groups retained needles for 30 min, with one session every other day and a total of three sessions per week, lasting for four weeks. The House-Brackmann (H-B) facial nerve function grading, physical function (FDIP) and social function (FDIS) scores of facial disability index (FDI), TCM syndrome score before and after treatment were compared between the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was assessed. RESULTS: Compared with before treatment, after treatment, both groups showed improvements in H-B facial nerve function grading (P<0.05), FDIP total scores and sub-item scores were increased (P<0.05), FDIS total scores, sub-item scores, and TCM syndrome scores were decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, the parallel needling group showed the higher FDIP total score and eating sub-item score and lower FDIS total score and insomnia sub-item score compared with those in the conventional acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 90.3% (28/31) in the parallel needling group and 87.1% (27/31) in the conventional acupuncture group, with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The parallel needling technique combined with conventional acupuncture, is as effective as conventional acupuncture alone in treating facial paralysis with qi deficiency and blood stasis. However, the parallel needling technique combined with conventional acupuncture shows advantages in the improvement of food intake and sleep quality.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Humanos , Paralisia Facial/terapia , Qi , Agulhas , Resultado do Tratamento , Pontos de Acupuntura
4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(3): 266-270, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the clinical efficacy of opening-closing six-qi acupuncture combined with western medication for primary hypertension of liver yang hyperactivity, and explore its action mechanism. METHODS: A total of 96 patients with primary hypertension of liver yang hyperactivity were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (48 cases) and a western medication group (48 cases, 2 cases eliminated, 1 case discontinued). The western medication group was given felodipine sustained-release tablets orally, 5 mg each time, once a day. The acupuncture group was treated with opening-closing six-qi acupuncture at tender points of shaoyang and yangming areas of the head on the basis of the western medication group, once every other day. A total of 4 weeks were required in both groups. The blood pressure before treatment and after 2, 4 weeks of treatment, the TCM syndrome score and serum levels of hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), homocysteine (Hcy) before and after treatment were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups. RESULTS: After 2, 4 weeks of treatment, the systolic blood pressure(SBP)and diastolic blood pressure(DBP) in both groups were decreased compared with those before treatment(P<0.05);except for DBP after 2 weeks of treatment, the SBP and DBP in the acupuncture group were lower than those in the western medication group(P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM syndrome scores and serum levels of hs-CRP, IL-6, Hcy were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups(P<0.05), those in the acupuncture group were lower than those in the western medication group(P<0.05).The total effective rate of the acupuncture group was 95.8% (46/48), which was higher than 73.3% (33/45) in the western medication group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Opening-closing six-qi acupuncture combined with western medication could lower blood pressure, improve symptoms in patients with primary hypertension of liver yang hyperactivity.Its mechanism may be related to down-regulation of inflammatory factors.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Qi , Humanos , Proteína C-Reativa , Interleucina-6 , Pontos de Acupuntura , Fígado , Resultado do Tratamento , Hipertensão Essencial/tratamento farmacológico
5.
J Sep Sci ; 47(5): e2300922, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471974

RESUMO

Qi-Wei-Tong-Bi oral liquid (QWTB), a famous Chinese medicine preparation composed of seven crude drugs has a good therapeutic effect on rheumatoid arthritis and is widely used in China. However, its chemical composition and quality control have not been comprehensively and systematically investigated. In this study, high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was employed for its chemical profiling. As a result, 100 components were chemically characterized. Additionally, high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry method was developed to simultaneously quantify nine bioactive components (hyperoside, ononin, quercetin, sinomenine, magnoflorine, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, monotropein, and cyclo-(Pro-Tyr)) in multiple-reaction monitoring mode. After successful validation in terms of linearity, precision, repeatability, and recovery, the assay method was applied for the determination of 10 batches of QWTB. The results showed that QWTB was enriched in sinomenine and magnoflorine with the highest amount up to hundreds or even thousands of µg/mL, while quercetin, ononin, cyclo-(Pro-Tyr), and hyperoside were much lower with the lowest content below 10 µg/mL. This study work would help to reveal the chemical profiling and provide a valuable and reliable approach for quality evaluation and even pharmacodynamic material basis studies of QWTB.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Flavonoides/análise , Quercetina/análise , Qi , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
6.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 54(1): 3-9, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475679

RESUMO

"Wu shan qi e"(five symptoms with good prognosis and seven with poor prognosis)is a theory used to determine the prognosis of external diseases in traditional Chinese medicine which have been mentioned in many ancient Chinese medicine books and have been valued by external doctors throughout history. However, it has been rarely discussed in modern literature. The theory were first seen in the Taiping Shenghui Fang, and the idea was originated from Ni Shun in Lingshu Yuban."Wu shan qi e"have evolved into many variants through the exertion of medical practitioners throughout history. By reviewing medical books of previous dynasties, it was found that there are two main versions: the Taiping Shenghui Fang version and its derivative versions, and the Waike Zhengzong version and its derivative versions.


Assuntos
Médicos , Qi , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Livros , China
7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(3): 283-288, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the therapeutic effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) based on the theory of "qi ascending and descending movement" in patients after general anesthesia laparoscopic cholecystectomy, so as to explore the impact of TEAS on the autonomic nervous system and gastrointestinal function of patients. METHODS: A total of 204 patients scheduled to undergo general anesthesia laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected and randomly divided into control, double acupoints and multiple acupoints groups, with 68 cases in each group. For patients in the multiple acupoints group, TEAS was applied at Zusanli (ST36), Tiantu (CV22), Danzhong (CV17), Zhongwan (CV12), Taichong (LR3), and Neiguan (PC6) 30 min before anesthesia induction until the end of the surgery. In the double acupoints group, TEAS was applied only at ST36 and PC6. No electrical stimulation was applied in the control group. The postoperative bloating, bowel sound recovery time, first farting time, first defecation time, length of hospital stay, nausea and vomiting were compared among the three groups. Heart rate variability was monitored by twelve-lead electrocardiogram to evaluate the autonomic nervous function of the patients, including the low frequency power/high frequency power ratio (LF/HF), the standard deviation of all sinus RR intervals (SDNN), and the root mean square of difference between successive normal RR intervals (RMSSD). RESULTS: At 6 h and 24 h after surgery, the symptoms of bloating, nausea and vomiting in the multiple acupoints group and double acupoints group were significantly improved compared to the control group (P<0.05), and the multiple acupoints group was superior to the double acupoints group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the bowel sound recovery time, first farting time, first defecation time, and length of hospital stay were significantly shorter (P<0.05) in the multiple acupoints group and double acupoints group, and the multiple acupoints group was superior to the double acupoints group (P<0.05). At 1 d and 2 d after surgery, compared with the control group, LF/HF was decreased (P<0.05) while SDNN and RMSSD were increased (P<0.05) in the multiple acupoints group and double acupoints group, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: TEAS treatment based on the theory of "qi ascending and descending movement" can relieve gastrointestinal dysfunction, reduce early postoperative sympathetic nerve excitement and maintain parasympathetic nerve tension in patients after general anesthesia laparoscopic cholecystectomy, thereby promoting gastrointestinal function recovery.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Humanos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Qi , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Náusea , Vômito , Anestesia Geral
8.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 47(4): 542-550, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38407386

RESUMO

The incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have risen over the last few decades worldwide, resulting in a cost burden to healthcare systems and increasingly complex procedures. Among many strategies for treating heart diseases, treating arrhythmias using cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) has been shown to improve quality of life and reduce the incidence of sudden cardiac death. The battery-powered CIEDs have the inherent challenge of regular battery replacements depending upon energy usage for their programmed tasks. Nanogenerator-based  energy harvesters have been extensively studied, developed, and optimized continuously in recent years to overcome this challenge owing to their merits of self-powering abilities and good biocompatibility. Although these nanogenerators and others currently used in energy harvesters, such as biofuel cells (BFCs) exhibit an infinite spectrum of uses for this novel technology, their demerits should not be dismissed. Despite the emergence of Qi wireless power transfer (WPT) has revolutionized the technological world, its application in CIEDs has yet to be studied well. This review outlines the working principles and applications of currently employed energy harvesters to provide a preliminary exploration of CIEDs based on Qi WPT, which may be a promising technology for the next generation of functionalized CIEDs.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Humanos , Qi , Qualidade de Vida , Coração , Eletrônica
9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(2): 158-162, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupoint application in treating postherpetic neuralgia(PHN) with qi stagnation and blood stasis, and its effects on serum inflammatory factors and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in patients. METHODS: A total of 136 PHN patients were randomly divided into an observation group (68 cases, 6 case dropped out) and a control group (68 cases, 5 cases dropped out). In the observation group, the combination of swelling-reducing and pain-relieving patches and acupoint application with herbal powder was used at bilateral Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenque (CV 8) and ashi points. Sanyinjiao (SP 6) was applied for 30 min per session, once every 7 days; and Shenque (CV 8) and ashi points were applied for 6-8 h per session, once every 1 day. In the control group, mecobalamin injection was administered at Jiaji (EX-B 2) corresponding to the neural segments governing the painful area, 1 mL per injection, once a day. Each treatment course consisted of 7 days, 4 treatment courses were required in both groups. The visual analog scale (VAS) score for pain, 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) score, traditional Chinese medicine syndrome score, and the serum levels of inflammatory factors (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1], interleukin-6 [IL-6], tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α]) and 5-HT were compared in the patients of the two groups before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. RESULTS: After treatment, the VAS scores, traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scores, serum MCP-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and 5-HT levels were decreased compared with those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the results in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The SF-36 scores were increased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and the result in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 74.2% (46/62), which was higher than 52.4% (33/63, P<0.05) of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of swelling-reducing and pain-relieving patches and acupoint application with herbal powder has shown better efficacy in treating PHN with qi stagnation and blood stasis, which can significantly alleviate patients symptoms, improve their quality of life, and reduce serum levels of MCP-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and 5-HT.


Assuntos
Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Humanos , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/tratamento farmacológico , Qi , Serotonina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Qualidade de Vida , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Pós
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2305, 2024 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280899

RESUMO

This transition from gathering to cultivation is a significant aspect of studying early agricultural practices. Fruit trees are an essential component of food resources and have played a vital role in both ancient and modern agricultural production systems. The jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.), with its long history of cultivation in northern China, holds great importance in uncovering the diet of prehistoric humans and understanding the origins of Chinese agricultural civilization. This paper focuses on the domestication of jujube by analyzing the morphology of jujube stones found in three Neolithic sites in northern China's Qi River basin, Zhujia, Wangzhuang, and Dalaidian. The measurements of these jujube kernels are compared with those found in other areas of northern China, as well as modern jujube kernels that were collected. The measurements revealed that the length-to-diameter (L/D) ratio of sour jujube kernels ranged from 1.36 to 1.78, whereas the L/D ratio of cultivated jujube stones varied between 1.96 and 4.23. Furthermore, jujube stones obtained from Zhujia and Wangzhuang sites exhibit pointed ends and possess an elongated oval or narrow oval shape overall, which is indicative of clearly artificial domestication traits. Therefore, this study suggests that jujube was selected and cultivated as an important food supplement in the Qi River basin no later than around 6200 BP.


Assuntos
Ziziphus , Humanos , Qi , Rios , Frutas , China
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 915: 170062, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220023

RESUMO

Mangrove forests, crucial carbon-rich ecosystems, are increasingly vulnerable to soil carbon loss and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to human disturbance. However, the contribution of mangrove trees to GHG emissions remains poorly understood. This study monitored CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes from the stems of two mangrove species, native Kandelia obovata (KO) and exotic Sonneratia apetala (SA), at three heights (0.7 m, 1.2 m, and 1.7 m) during the dry winter period on Qi'ao Island, Pearl River Estuary, China. Heartwood samples were analyzed to identify potential functional groups related to gas fluxes. Our study found that tree stems acted as both sinks and sources for N2O (ranging from -9.49 to 28.35 µg m-2 h-1 for KO and from -6.73 to 28.95 µg m-2 h-1 for SA) and CH4. SA exhibited significantly higher stem CH4 flux (from -26.67 to 97.33 µg m-2 h-1) compared to KO (from -44.13 to 88.0 µg m-2 h-1) (P < 0.05). When upscaled to the community level, both species were net emitters of CH4, contributing approximately 4.68 % (KO) and 0.51 % (SA) to total CH4 emissions. The decrease in stem CH4 flux with increasing height, indicates a soil source. Microbial analysis in the heartwood using the KEGG database indicated aceticlastic methanogenesis as the dominant CH4 pathway. The presence of methanogens, methanotrophs, denitrifiers, and nitrifiers suggests microbial involvement in CH4 and N2O production and consumption. Remarkably, the dominance of Cyanobacteria in the heartwood microbiome (with the relative abundance of 97.5 ± 0.6 % for KO and 99.1 ± 0.2 % for SA) implies roles in carbon and nitrogen fixation for mangroves coping with nitrogen limitation in coastal wetlands, and possibly in CH4 production. Although the present study has limitations in sampling duration and area, it highlights the significant role of tree stems in GHG emissions which is crucial for a holistic evaluation of the global carbon sequestration capability of mangrove ecosystems. Future research should broaden spatial and temporal scales to enhance the accuracy of upscaling tree stem gas fluxes to the mangrove ecosystem level.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Humanos , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Metano/análise , Estuários , Qi , Rios , Monitoramento Ambiental , Áreas Alagadas , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , China , Carbono/análise , Solo , Dióxido de Carbono/análise
12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 323: 117751, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216102

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Qi-Ju-Di-Huang-Pill (QJDH pill) is a Chinese decoction. Although it is commonly used to treat eye conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy (DR), its exact mechanism of action is unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the specific mechanism by which QJDH pill slows the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) based on animal and cellular experiments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The major components of QJDH pill were characterized by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLCMS/MS). C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into five groups as follows: normal group (control group), model group (STZ group), low-dosage QJDH pill group (QJDH-L group), medium-dosage QJDH pill group (QJDH-M group) and high-dosage QJDH pill group (QJDH-H group). Changes in water intake, urination, food intake, and body mass were monitored weekly, while changes in blood glucose were monitored monthly. Fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were utilized to analyze the changes in fundus imaging indications. Hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to examine histopathologic and ultrastructural changes in retina. The levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-17 (IL-17), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in peripheral blood were detected using Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mouse retina apoptotic cells were labeled with green fluorescence via terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (Tunel). The protein levels of Bcl-2-Associated X (Bax), B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Caspase-3, PI3K, phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT) and phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) were quantified by Western blot (WB). The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells were cultured and classified into five groups as follows: normal glucose group (NG group), high glucose group (HG group), high glucose + QJDH pill group (HG + QJDH group), high glucose + inhibitor group (HG + LY294002 group), and high glucose + inhibitor + QJDH pill group (HG + LY294002 + QJDH group). Cell viability and apoptosis were detected via Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) and then analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: In vivo experiments revealed that the QJDH pill effectively reduced blood glucose, symptoms of increased water intake, elevated urination, increased food intake and decreased body mass in DR mice. QJDH pill also slowed the development of a series of fundus imaging signs, such as retinal microangiomas, tortuous dilatation of blood vessels, decreased vascular density, and thinning of retinal thickness, downregulated IL-6, IL-17, TNF-α, and VEGF levels in peripheral blood, and inhibited retinal cell apoptosis by activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Moreover, in vitro experiments showed that high glucose environment inhibited RPE cell viability and activated RPE cell apoptosis pathway. In contrast, lyophilized powder of QJDH pill increased RPE cell viability, protected RPE cells from high glucose-induced damage, and decreased apoptosis of RPE cells by activating the pi3k pathway. CONCLUSION: QJDH pill induces hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory effects, anti-VEGF and anti-retinal cell apoptosis by activating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and thus can protect the retina and slow the DR progression.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Interleucina-17 , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Glicemia , Qi , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Apoptose
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37138487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the leading cause of diabetic death as the final occurrence of heart failure and arrhythmia. Traditional Chinese medicine is usually used to treat various diseases including diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the effects of Traditional Chinese medicine supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation (SAC) in DCM. METHODS: After the construction of the DCM model by streptozotocin (STZ) injection and high glucose/fat diet feeding, rats were administered intragastrically with SAC. Then, cardiac systolic/diastolic function was evaluated by detecting left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), maximal rate of left ventricular pressure rise (+LVdp/dtmax), and fall (-LVdp/dtmax), heart rate (HR), left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), LV fractional shortening (FS) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). Masson's and TUNEL staining were used to assess fibrosis and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. RESULTS: DCM rats exhibited impaired cardiac systolic/diastolic function manifested by decreasing LVSP, + LVdp/dtmax, -LVdp/dtmax, HR, EF and FS, and increasing LVEDP. Intriguingly, traditional Chinese medicine SAC alleviated the above-mentioned symptoms, indicating a potential role in improving cardiac function. Masson's staining substantiated that SAC antagonized the increased collagen deposition and interstitial fibrosis area and the elevations in protein expression of fibrosisrelated collagen I and fibronectin in heart tissues of DCM rats. Furthermore, TUNEL staining confirmed that traditional Chinese medicine SAC also attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis in DCM rats. Mechanically, DCM rats showed the aberrant activation of the TGF-ß/Smad signaling, which was inhibited after SAC. CONCLUSION: SAC may exert cardiac protective efficacy in DCM rats via the TGF-ß/Smad signaling, indicating a new promising therapeutic approach for DCM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas , Ratos , Animais , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Volume Sistólico , Qi , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/uso terapêutico , Fibrose , Colágeno , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo
14.
Explore (NY) ; 20(2): 256-260, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37612160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare yet well-documented polygenic and systemic autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent spiking fever, transient skin rash, arthralgia, and sore throat. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) holds a significant role in complementary and alternative medicine. This study presents a unique case of a female AOSD patient with concurrent Qi and fluid deficiency syndrome who received combined treatment with formulated Zhu Ye Shi Gao Decoction (ZYSGD). CASE PRESENTATION: In this case, a 28-year-old female patient presented with a 15-day history of fever and skin rash accompanied by sore throat, fatigue, myalgia, and arthralgia. Additionally, leucocytosis, aminotransferase abnormalities, and elevated inflammatory factor levels were observed. Infectious diseases, solid tumors, and hematological disorders were all ruled out. Anti-infective treatments proved ineffective, leading to the final diagnosis of AOSD. Glucocorticoid therapy provided only partial relief. Consequently, formulated ZYSGD and hepatoprotective drugs were added to the glucocorticoid treatment. Subsequently, the patient's symptoms and inflammatory biomarkers showed improvement. After discharge, the patient's condition remained stable while continuing the formulated ZYSGD in combination with 4 mg of Medrolol (qd) during a 10-month follow-up period. CONCLUSION: This case report suggests that formulated ZYSGD could be a viable option for complementary and alternative therapy for late-stage AOSD, especially in cases involving both Qi and body fluid imbalances.


Assuntos
Exantema , Faringite , Doença de Still de Início Tardio , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/complicações , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Qi , Exantema/complicações , Faringite/complicações , Artralgia/complicações
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 3): 117304, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37838294

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In traditional Chinese medicine, Qi-zhi-wei-tong granule (QZWT) significantly reduced the major gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms of functional dyspepsia. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to explore the therapeutic effect of QZWT treated chronic non-atrophic gastritis (CNAG) and to elucidate its potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The composition of QZWT was analysed by UPLC-Q/TOF-MS. The CNAG mice model was established by chronic restraint stress (CRS) in combination with iodoacetamide (IAA). Morphological staining was utilized to reveal the impact of QZWT on stomach and gut integrity. RT‒qPCR and ELISA were used to measure proinflammatory cytokines in the stomach, colon tissues and serum of CNAG mice. Next-generation sequencing of 16 S rDNA was applied to analyse the gut microbiota community of faecal samples. Finally, we investigated the faecal bile acid composition using GC‒MS. RESULTS: Twenty-one of the compounds from QZWT were successfully identified by UPLC-Q/TOF-MS analysis. QZWT enhanced gastric and intestinal integrity and suppressed inflammatory responses in CNAG mice. Moreover, QZWT treatment reshaped the gut microbiota structure by increasing the levels of the Akkermansia genus and decreasing the populations of the Desulfovibrio genus in CNAG mice. The alteration of gut microbiota was associated with gut bacteria BA metabolism. In addition, QZWT reduced BAs and especially decreased conjugated BAs in CNAG mice. Spearman's correlation analysis further confirmed the links between the changes in the gut microbiota and CNAG indices. CONCLUSIONS: QZWT can effectively inhibited gastrointestinal inflammatory responses of CNAG symptoms in mice; these effects may be closely related to restoring the balance of the gut microbiota and regulating BA metabolism to protect the gastric mucosa. This study provides a scientific reference for the pathogenesis of CNAG and the mechanism of QZWT treatment.


Assuntos
Gastrite , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Camundongos , Qi , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Gastrite/tratamento farmacológico
17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 3): 117323, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37852337

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Qi-Qin-Hu-Chang Formula (QQHCF) is a traditional Chinese medicine prescription that is clinically used at the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine for the treatment of colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC). AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the potential therapeutic effects of QQHCF on a CAC mouse model and investigate its underlying mechanisms using network pharmacology and experimental validation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The active components and potential targets of QQHCF were obtained from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP) and herb-ingredient-targets gene network were constructed by Cytoscape 3.9.2. Target genes of CAC were obtained from GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, and DrugBank database. The drug disease target protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed and the core targets were visualized and identified using Cytoscape. The Metascape database was used for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. UHPLC-MS/MS was used to further identify the active compounds in QQHCF. Subsequently, the therapeutic effects and potential mechanism of QQHCF against CAC were investigated in AOM/DSS-induced CAC mouse in vivo, and HT-29 and HCT116 cells in vitro. Finally, interactions between JNK, p38, and active ingredients were assessed by molecular docking. RESULTS: A total of 176 active compounds, 273 potential therapeutic targets, and 2460 CAC-related target genes were obtained. The number of common targets between QQHCF and CAC were 165. KEGG pathway analysis indicated that the MAPK signaling pathway was closely associated with CAC, which may be the potential mechanism of QQHCF against CAC. Network pharmacology and UHPLC-MS/MS analyses showed that the active compounds of QQHCF included quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, wogonin, oxymatrine, lupanine, and baicalin. Animal experiments demonstrated that QQHCF reduced tumor load, number, and size in AOM/DSS-treated mice, and induced apoptosis in colon tissue. In vitro experiments further showed that QQHCF induced apoptosis and inhibited cell viability, migration, and invasion in HCT116 and HT-29 cells. Notably, QQHCF activated the JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathway both in vivo and in vitro. Molecular docking analysis revealed an ability for the main components of QQHCF and JNK/p38 to bind. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that QQHCF could ameliorate AOM/DSS-induced CAC in mice by activating the JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathway. These results have important implications for the development of effective treatment strategies for CAC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Associadas a Colite , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Qi , Farmacologia em Rede , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Transdução de Sinais , Apoptose , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
19.
Ann Med ; 55(2): 2291185, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38146741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Danzhi Jiangtang capsule (DJC) on the clinical indexes and vascular endothelial function indexes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS: A total of 106 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to the treatment group and control group following a four-week washout period. The patients in the control group received a general lifestyle intervention, while those in the treatment group received DJC (2.0 g 3× a day) in conjunction with the intervention given to the control group patients. The physiological and biochemical levels, vascular endothelial function indices, and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome ratings of the patients in the two groups were compared after 12 weeks of therapy. RESULTS: In the control group, the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was significantly improved compared with those before treatment (83.31 ± 6.47 vs. 79.21 ± 6.17, p < .01) (CI: 1.45, 6.73; Cohen's d: 10.51), as was the case with the nitric oxide (NO) levels and TCM syndrome points (35.71 ± 4.58 vs. 43.96 ± 5.17, 9.57 ± 2.63 vs. 5.38 ± 1.79, p < .001) (CI: -10.28, -6.24; 3.12, 5.18; Cohen's d: 0.90). In the treatment group, the levels of fasting blood glucose, endothelin and vascular endothelial growth factor were significantly improved compared with control group (4.92 ± 0.21 vs. 5.59 ± 0.31, 59.37 ± 13.25 vs. 72.13 ± 12.37, 19.25 ± 2.80 vs. 26.76 ± 1.88, p < .001) (CI: 0.55, 0.78; 7.40, 18.13; 6.52, 8.50; Cohen's d: 4.94, 0.41, 1.32), as was the case with 2-h post-load plasma glucose and total cholesterol (TC) (8.33 ± 0.62 vs. 8.89 ± 1.55, 4.61 ± 1.05 vs. 5.22 ± 1.12, p < .05) (CI: 0.07, 1.07; 0.15, 1.06; Cohen's d: 0.40, 0.51). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with DJC could significantly improve the physiological and biochemical indicators, vascular endothelial function, and TCM syndrome points of IGT patients, indicating that DJC could be a potential drug to treat patients with IGT of Qi-Yin deficiency type.


Assuntos
Intolerância à Glucose , Humanos , Intolerância à Glucose/tratamento farmacológico , Deficiência da Energia Yin , Qi , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
20.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 37(23): e9640, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37942687

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Spleen-qi deficiency syndrome, a common weakness syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine, results from insufficient spleen-qi levels. For centuries, ginseng has been relied upon as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat spleen-qi deficiency syndrome. Until now, the mechanism feature of ginseng in treating temper deficiency through intestinal bacteria and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) metabolites has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: This study established a rat model of spleen-qi deficiency via multi-factor compound modeling that involved fatigue injury and a controlled diet. The content of SCFAs between different treatment groups was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. And the 16s rRNA sequencing technology was applied to reveal the effects of ginseng on the intestinal microecological environment of the rats. RESULTS: It was found that the ginseng treatment group exhibited the most remarkable regulatory effect on propionic acid, surpassing all other administration groups. Ginseng increased the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria and decreased that of harmful bacteria at the genus level in rats with spleen-qi deficiency syndrome. And propionic acid is significantly positively correlated with Lactobacillus level and significantly negatively correlated with uncultured_bacterium_f_Muribaculaceae (p < 0.05). n-Butyric acid is negatively correlated with the Faecalibaculum level (p < 0.01). n-Valeric acid is significantly negatively correlated with the Romboutsia level (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The mechanism of ginseng treatment for spleen-qi deficiency is elucidated from the perspective of gut microbiota and its metabolite SCFAs. It provides a new way for further development and utilization of ginseng and a theoretical basis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Panax , Ratos , Animais , Baço , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Qi , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Panax/química , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis
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