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1.
Zootaxa ; 5403(4): 459-468, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480424

RESUMO

Wandering spiders (genus Phoneutria) hold a prominent position as some of the worlds most medically significant venomous arachnids, especially in Brazil. In this study, we record and illustrate for the first time, the Darwin wasp Camera thoracica (Szpligeti, 1916) as a natural enemy of the ctenid Phoneutria nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891). Furthermore, we provide a description of the previously unknown male wasp, update and standardize the description of the female, and provide biological notes.


Assuntos
Animais Venenosos , Aranhas , Thoracica , Vespas , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
2.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 201: 116278, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518576

RESUMO

Epipelagic barnacles have been considered good bioindicators since they are abundant and broadly distributed but with apparent tolerance restrictions to temperature and salinity, and also bioaccumulate pollutants. However, Lepas anatifera was found attached to the oceanic gliders, thriving through drastic and unreported environmental fluctuations. This study aimed to assess the resistance and oxidative stress responses of L. anatifera collected from gliders and attached to floating litter to temperature, salinity, and pressure. Barnacles withstood all tested pressure, temperature, and salinity ranges, except the extreme salt concentration. The activities of antioxidant enzymes - catalase and superoxide dismutase - were significantly increased under high temperature, high pressure, and low salinity. Malondialdehyde levels significantly increased only under high pressure. In conclusion, L. anatifera can be considered resistant organisms to extreme environmental changes. However, the instauration of oxidative stress under certain circumstances makes them vulnerable to predicted future trends in marine environments.


Assuntos
Thoracica , Animais , Thoracica/fisiologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Oceanos e Mares , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Salinidade
3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 274: 116187, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460404

RESUMO

Due to the adverse environmental impacts of toxic heavy metal-based antifoulants, the screening of environmentally friendly antifoulants has become important for the development of marine antifouling technology. Compared with the traditional lengthy and costly screening method, computer-aided drug design (CADD) offers a promising and efficient solution that can accelerate the screening process of green antifoulants. In this study, we selected barnacle chitin synthase (CHS, an important enzyme for barnacle settlement and development) as the target protein for docking screening. Three CHS genes were identified in the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite, and their encoded proteins were found to share a conserved glycosyltransferase domain. Molecular docking of 31,561 marine natural products with AaCHSs revealed that zoanthamine alkaloids had the best binding affinity (-11.8 to -12.6 kcal/mol) to AaCHSs. Considering that the low abundance of zoanthamine alkaloids in marine organisms would limit their application as antifoulants, a marine fungal-derived natural product, mycoepoxydiene (MED), which has a similar chemical structure to zoanthamine alkaloids and the potential for large-scale production by fermentation, was selected and validated for stable binding to AaCHS2L2 using molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations. Finally, the efficacy of MED in inhibiting cyprid settlement of A. amphitrite was confirmed by a bioassay that demonstrated an EC50 of 1.97 µg/mL, suggesting its potential as an antifoulant candidate. Our research confirmed the reliability of using AaCHSs as antifouling targets and has provided insights for the efficient discovery of green antifoulants by CADD.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Incrustação Biológica , Thoracica , Animais , Quitina Sintase/genética , Quitina Sintase/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Larva
4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(3): 1484-1494, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198516

RESUMO

The environmental impact of sunscreen is a growing concern, yet the combined effects of its components on marine animals are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the combined effects of sunscreen-extracted zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) and microplastics (MPs) on the development of barnacle larvae, focusing on the different roles played by primary microplastics (PMPs) and secondary microplastics (SMPs) generated through the phototransformation of PMPs. Our findings revealed that a lower concentration of nZnO (50 µg/L) enhanced molting and eye development in barnacle larvae, while a higher concentration (500 µg/L) inhibited larval growth. Co-exposure to PMPs had no significant effect on larval development, whereas SMPs mitigated the impact of nZnO by restricting the in vivo transformation to ionic Zn. Accumulated SMPs reduced gut dissolution of nZnO by up to 40%, lowering gut acidity by 85% and buffering the in vivo dissolution of nZnO. We further identified a rough-surfaced Si-5 fragment in SMPs that damaged larval guts, resulting in decreased acidity. Another Si-32 resisted phototransformation and had no discernible effects. Our study presented compelling evidence of the impacts of SMPs on the bioeffect of nZnO, highlighting the complex interactions between sunscreen components and their combined effects on marine organisms.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Thoracica , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Óxido de Zinco , Animais , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Larva , Protetores Solares
5.
Arthropod Struct Dev ; 78: 101327, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38168656

RESUMO

The complete larval development of Peltogaster lineata Shiino, 1943 (Rhizocephala: Peltogastridae), including five nauplii and one cypris stage, is described and illustrated using SEM. The development took 3.5-4 days at a water temperature of 22-23 °C. Peltogaster lineata has the peltogastrid type of development. Nauplii possess a large and clearly reticulated flotation collar, six pairs of dorsal shield setae with the U-shaped second pair, long segmented frontolateral horns each with two subterminal setae, and a long seta at the antennal basis. The attachment disc in female cyprids has a flap-like extension at the posterior margin. Cyprids of both sexes possess two sensory setae at the attachment disc. The large male aesthetasc is unilobed, the female subterminal aesthetasc terminates into two thin long filamentous processes. Larvae of P. lineata have distinctly visible nauplius eyes.


Assuntos
Thoracica , Feminino , Masculino , Animais , Larva , Olho , Sensilas
6.
J Exp Biol ; 227(5)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284759

RESUMO

Sessile barnacles feed by sweeping their basket-like cirral fan through the water, intercepting suspended prey. A primary component of the diet of adult barnacles is copepods that are sensitive to fluid disturbances and capable of escaping. How do barnacles manage to capture copepods despite the fluid disturbances they generate? We examined this question by describing the feeding current architecture of 1 cm sized Balanus crenatus using particle image velocimetry, and by studying the trajectories of captured copepods and the escapes of evading copepods. We found that barnacles produce a feeding current that arrives both from behind and the sides of the barnacle. The flow from the sides represents quiescent corridors of low fluid deformation and uninterrupted by the beating cirral fan. Potential prey arriving from behind are likely to encounter the cirral fan and, hence, capture here is highly unlikely. Accordingly, most captured copepods arrived through the quiet corridors, while most copepods arriving from behind managed to escape. Thus, it is the unique feeding flow architecture that allows feeding on evasive prey. We used the Landau-Squire jet as a simple model of the feeding current. For the Reynolds number of our experiments, the model reproduces the main features of the feeding current, including the lateral feeding corridors. Furthermore, the model suggests that smaller barnacle specimens, operating at lower Reynolds numbers, will produce a fore-aft symmetric feeding current without the lateral corridors. This suggests an ontogenetic diet shift from non-evasive prey to inclusion of evasive prey as the barnacle grows.


Assuntos
Copépodes , Thoracica , Animais , Hidrodinâmica , Reologia , Água
7.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 103: 106784, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38295744

RESUMO

The present study aimed to analyze and establish an effective combination of ultrasound and immersion pretreatment processes for drying Taikor (Garcinia pendunculata Roxb.) fruits. Taikorslices were first immersed in 10 % sucrose, fructose, and glucose solution. Then, the immersed slices were treated in an ultrasonic bath at 30 °C for 10, 20, and 30 min. Drying operations were carried out at 50, 60, and 70 °C, with a fixed relative humidity of 30 %. The Page, Newton, Henderson and Pabis, and Weibull distribution models were fitted to the obtained drying data to determine the best kinetic model that effectively describes the drying properties ofTaikor. After drying operations, changes in quality parameters, e.g., ß-carotene, vitamin C, B vitamins, color, antioxidant activities, and microbial loads, were measured to obtain the best drying temperature and the most effective pretreatment combination with minimum loss of nutrients of the sample. Among different kinetic models, both Page and Weibull distribution models showed the best R2 values of 0.9867 and 0.9366, respectively. The chemical properties were preserved to the greatest extent possible by drying at 50 °C with glucose pretreatment. The color parameters were better preserved by fructose pretreatment. Sonication time also had profound effect on the quality parameters of dried Taikor slices. However, higher temperature drying required a shorter time for drying and exhibited better performance in microbial load reduction. This study's findings will help to establish an effective drying condition forGarcinia pedunculatafruits.


Assuntos
Frutas , Thoracica , Animais , Frutas/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Vitaminas/análise , Dessecação , Frutose/análise , Glucose/análise
8.
Integr Zool ; 19(2): 200-223, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37248329

RESUMO

A diverse sessile barnacle fauna from a Miocene shallow-water deposit at Dolnja Stara vas in Slovenia is described. It includes the first descriptions of early post settlement juveniles of Actinobalanus sloveniensis attached to mangrove leaves. These represent three distinct growth phases, the earliest being interpreted as being less than 24 h post settlement, the others being 1 to 2 days post settlement. An assessment of their taphonomy is provided. Associated adult balanomorphs are attached to a variety of organic substrates, including mangrove leaves and branches, fragments of the conifers ?Taxodioxylon, Carapoxylon, pine cones, molluscs, and cetacean bones. The barnacles include A. sloveniensis, Amphibalanus venustus, and Perforatus perforatus-many with opercula retained within the shells. A. venustus retains some of the original shell color. This is the second record of barnacle-plant associations from the Central Paratethys from Kamnik and Trbovlje. The paleoecology and paleogeography of the site are discussed.


Assuntos
Fósseis , Thoracica , Animais , Cetáceos , Folhas de Planta , Água
9.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 24(2): e13895, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37955198

RESUMO

Thoracican barnacles are a diverse group of marine organisms for which the availability of genome assemblies is currently limited. In this study, we sequenced the genomes of two neolepadoid species (Ashinkailepas kermadecensis, Imbricaverruca yamaguchii) from hydrothermal vents, in addition to two intertidal species. Genome sizes ranged from 481 to 1054 Mb, with repetitive sequence contents of 21.2% to 50.7%. Concordance rates of orthologs and heterozygosity rates were between 82.4% and 91.7% and between 1.0% and 2.1%, respectively, indicating high genetic diversity and heterozygosity. Based on phylogenomic analyses, we revised the nomenclature of cement genes encoding cement proteins that are not homologous to any known proteins. The major cement gene, CP100A, was found in all thoracican species, including vent-associated neolepadoids, and was hypothesised to be essential for thoracican settlement. Duplicated genes, CP100B and CP100C, were found only in balanids, suggesting potential functional redundancy or acquisition of new functions associated with the calcareous base. An ancestor of CP52 genes was duplicated dynamically among lepadids, pollicipedids with multiple copies on a single scaffold, and balanids with multiple sequential repeats of the conserved regions, but no CP52 genes were found in neolepadoids, providing insights into cement gene evolution among thoracican lineages. This study enhances our understanding of the adhesion mechanisms of thoracicans in underwater environments. The newly sequenced genomes provide opportunities for studying their evolution and ecology, shedding light on their adaptation to diverse marine environments, and contributing to our knowledge of barnacle biology with valuable genomic resources for further studies in this field.


Assuntos
Fontes Hidrotermais , Thoracica , Animais , Thoracica/genética , Thoracica/metabolismo , Proteínas/genética , Filogenia , Genômica
10.
J Nat Med ; 78(1): 114-122, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37713094

RESUMO

Daphnepedunins G (1) and H (2) with unusual macrocyclic 3,4-seco-daphnane orthoester structure were isolated from Daphne pedunculata. Their structures were determined by physicochemical and spectroscopic analyses combined with synthetic methods, including methyl esterification, derivatization reaction using a chiral anisotropic agent, and biomimetic conversion. Compounds 1 and 2 along with their methyl esters 1a and 2a were evaluated for anti-HIV activity, among which 1a and 2a exhibited potent activity with IC50 values of 1.08 and 1.17 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Daphne , Diterpenos , Thoracica , Animais , Daphne/química , Diterpenos/química , Estrutura Molecular
11.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 199: 115971, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38159384

RESUMO

The effects of ocean acidification (OA) and warming on the physiological processes of many marine species have been well documented. However, far less is known about the impacts of these global variables on chemical communication. In this study, we identified the barnacle waterborne settlement pheromone (BWSP) of Balanus albicostatus as adenosine (Ado). Our results showed that neither elevated temperature (30 °C vs. ambient 26 °C) nor elevated pCO2 (1000 µatm vs. ambient 400 µatm) significantly affected the release of Ado from B. albicostatus adults. Exposure to elevated temperature and OA did not impair larval cue perception for settlement in B. albicostatus; however, OA inhibited settlement under elevated temperature in the absence/presence of BWSP, and elevated temperature induced larval settlement only in the presence of BWSP under ambient pCO2 condition. These results provided important insights into barnacle aggregation behavior in changing oceans and may help to predict the consequences of climate change on barnacle populations.


Assuntos
Água do Mar , Thoracica , Animais , Feromônios , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Adenosina , Acidificação dos Oceanos , Oceanos e Mares , Dióxido de Carbono
12.
Phytochemistry ; 217: 113898, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37875167

RESUMO

Eight previously undescribed and seven known xanthones were isolated from the fruits of Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. The structures were identified by a variety of spectroscopic methods as well as by comparison with the literature. The isolates showed appreciable cytotoxicity against three human tumor cell lines (HepG2, A549, and MCF-7). Pedunculaxanthone G exhibited inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 12.41, 16.51, and 15.45 µM against the cancer cell lines and induced cell apoptosis in HepG2 cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Antineoplásicos , Garcinia , Thoracica , Xantonas , Animais , Humanos , Garcinia/química , Xantonas/farmacologia , Xantonas/química , Frutas , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estrutura Molecular
13.
PeerJ ; 11: e16348, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38025701

RESUMO

Background: Rhizocephalan interaction with their decapod hosts is a superb example of host manipulation. These parasites are able to alter the host's physiology and behavior. Host-parasite interaction is performed, presumably, via special modified rootlets invading the ventral ganglions. Methods: In this study, we focus on the morphology and ultrastructure of these special rootlets in Polyascus polygeneus (Lützen & Takahashi, 1997), family Polyascidae, invading the neuropil of the host's nervous tissue. The ventral ganglionic mass of the infected crabs were fixed, and the observed sites of the host-parasite interplay were studied using transmission electron microscopy, immunolabeling and confocal microscopy. Results: The goblet-shaped organs present in the basal families of parasitic barnacles were presumably lost in a common ancestor of Polyascidae and crown "Akentrogonida", but the observed invasive rootlets appear to perform similar functions, including the synthesis of various substances which are transferred to the host's nervous tissue. Invasive rootlets significantly differ from trophic ones in cell layer composition and cuticle thickness. Numerous multilamellar bodies are present in the rootlets indicating the intrinsic cell rearrangement. The invasive rootlets of P. polygeneus are enlaced by the thin projections of glial cells. Thus, glial cells can be both the first hosts' respondents to the nervous tissue damage and the mediator of the rhizocephalan interaction with the nervous cells. One of the potential molecules engaged in the relationships of P. polygeneus and its host is serotonin, a neurotransmitter which is found exclusively in the invasive rootlets but not in trophic ones. Serotonin participates in different biological pathways in metazoans including the regulation of aggression in crustaceans, which is reduced in infected crabs. We conclude that rootlets associated with the host's nervous tissue are crucial for the regulation of host-parasite interplay and for evolution of the Rhizocephala.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Infestações por Piolhos , Parasitos , Thoracica , Animais , Thoracica/anatomia & histologia , Serotonina , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Braquiúros/parasitologia , Sistema Nervoso
14.
Biofouling ; 39(8): 775-784, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37822262

RESUMO

In the current study we investigate the antifouling potential of three polyphenolic resveratrol multimers (-)-hopeaphenol, vaticanol B and vatalbinoside A, isolated from two species of Anisoptera found in the Papua New Guinean rainforest. The compounds were evaluated against the growth and settlement of eight marine microfoulers and against the settlement and metamorphosis of Amphibalanus improvisus barnacle cyprids. The two isomeric compounds (-)-hopeaphenol and vaticanol B displayed a high inhibitory potential against the cyprid larvae metamorphosis at 2.8 and 1.1 µM. (-)-Hopeaphenol was also shown to be a strong inhibitor of both microalgal and bacterial adhesion at submicromolar concentrations with low toxicity. Resveratrol displayed a lower antifouling activity compared to the multimers and had higher off target toxicity against MCR-5 fibroblasts. This study illustrates the potential of natural products as a valuable source for the discovery of novel antifouling leads with low toxicity.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Thoracica , Animais , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Fenóis
15.
Zoolog Sci ; 40(5): 367-374, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37818885

RESUMO

Rhizocephalan barnacles (Thecostraca: Cirripedia) are parasitic crustaceans that lack appendages, segmentation, and a digestive system in adults, while instead infiltrating their hosts with a nutrient-absorbing system of rootlets. Sacculinids, belonging to the Rhizocephala order, are known for their various parasitization-induced effects on their decapod hosts, such as parasitic castration, reduction in the growth of secondary sexual characteristics, feminization of male crabs, and alteration of host behavior. In this study, we conducted field surveys in Japan at Manazuru Town (Kanagawa) on the Pacific coast, and on Sado Island and Noto Peninsula on the Sea of Japan side, and found that sacculinid-parasite-ratios on the grapsid crab Pachygrapsus crassipes were particularly high on the Sea of Japan coast. Molecular phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Manazuru population forms a single clade with Sacculina yatsui, and both Sado and Noto populations form a single clade with S. confragosa. We further demonstrated that external morphologies of male P. crassipes parasitized by sacculinids were changed to female phenotypes. This host-parasite interaction will be a useful model for understanding molecular mechanisms underlying rhizocephalan-driven morphological and behavioral feminization and castration.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Thoracica , Feminino , Masculino , Animais , Braquiúros/parasitologia , Filogenia , Feminização , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
16.
Arthropod Struct Dev ; 76: 101298, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37672818

RESUMO

The advancements in microscopic techniques have stimulated great interest in the muscular and neural architectures of invertebrates, specifically using muscle and neural structures to infer phylogenetic relationships. Here, we provide the data on the development of the muscular and nervous systems during the larval development of stalked barnacle, Octolasmis angulata using the phalloidin F-actin and immunohistochemical labelling (e.g. acetylated α-tubulin and serotonin) and confocal laser scanning microscopy analysis. All naupliar stages shared the same muscle and neural architectures with only the discrepancy in size. The nauplii have a complex muscle arrangement in their feeding apparatus and naupliar appendages. Most naupliar muscles undergo histolyse during the cyprid metamorphosis. The cyprid muscles form beneath the head shield at the end of nauplius VI. The naupliar and cyprid central nervous systems exhibit the typical tripartite brain comprising the protocerebrum, deutocerebrum and tritocerebrum. The serotonin-like immunoreactivity is mainly found in the naupliar brain, mandibular ganglia, cyprid brain and posterior ganglia. Our study revealed that numerous muscle and neural architectures in the naupliar and cyprids have phylogenetic significance, but future studies on the myoanatomy and neuroanatomy of other barnacle species are necessary to determine the homology of these structures.


Assuntos
Thoracica , Animais , Filogenia , Serotonina , Músculos , Sistema Nervoso Central
17.
Commun Biol ; 6(1): 913, 2023 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37674020

RESUMO

On the path to full understanding of the structure-function relationship or even design of RNA, structure prediction would offer an intriguing complement to experimental efforts. Any deep learning on RNA structure, however, is hampered by the sparsity of labeled training data. Utilizing the limited data available, we here focus on predicting spatial adjacencies ("contact maps") as a proxy for 3D structure. Our model, BARNACLE, combines the utilization of unlabeled data through self-supervised pre-training and efficient use of the sparse labeled data through an XGBoost classifier. BARNACLE shows a considerable improvement over both the established classical baseline and a deep neural network. In order to demonstrate that our approach can be applied to tasks with similar data constraints, we show that our findings generalize to the related setting of accessible surface area prediction.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Thoracica , Animais , Redes Neurais de Computação , RNA/genética , Registros
18.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 9(10): 5679-5686, 2023 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37722068

RESUMO

The strategy of robust adhesion employed by barnacles renders them fascinating biomimetic candidates for developing novel wet adhesives. Particularly, barnacle cement protein 19k (cp19k) has been speculated to be the key adhesive protein establishing the priming layer in the initial barnacle cement construction. In this work, we systematically studied the sequence design rationale of cp19k by designing adhesive peptides inspired by the low-complexity STGA-rich and the charged segments of cp19k. Combining structure analysis and the adhesion performance test, we found that cp19k-inspired adhesive peptides possess excellent disparate adhesion strategies for both hydrophilic mica and hydrophobic self-assembled monolayer surfaces. Specifically, the low-complexity STGA-rich segment offers great structure flexibility for surface adhesion, while the hydrophobic and charged residues can contribute to the adhesion of the peptides on hydrophobic and charged surfaces. The adaptive adhesion strategy identified in this work broadens our understanding of barnacle adhesion mechanisms and offers valuable insights for designing advanced wet adhesives with exceptional performance on various types of surfaces.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Thoracica , Animais , Adesivos/química , Adesivos/metabolismo , Thoracica/química , Thoracica/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
19.
Mar Drugs ; 21(9)2023 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37755093

RESUMO

Barnacles, a prevalent fouler organism in intertidal zones, has long been a source of annoyance due to significant economic losses and ecological impacts. Numerous antifouling approaches have been explored, including extensive research on antifouling chemicals. However, the excessive utilization of small-molecule chemicals appears to give rise to novel environmental concerns. Therefore, it is imperative to develop new strategies. Barnacles exhibit appropriate responses to environmental challenges with complex physiological processes and unique sensory systems. Given the assumed crucial role of bioactive peptides, an increasing number of peptides with diverse activities are being discovered in barnacles. Fouling-related processes have been identified as potential targets for antifouling strategies. In this paper, we present a comprehensive review of peptides derived from barnacles, aiming to underscore their significant potential in the quest for innovative solutions in biofouling prevention and drug discovery.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica , Thoracica , Animais , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Descoberta de Drogas , Peptídeos/farmacologia
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 253(Pt 5): 127125, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37776922

RESUMO

Biomaterials with excellent biocompatibility, mechanical performance, and self-recovery properties are urgently needed for tissue regeneration. Inspired by barnacle cement and spider silk, we genetically designed and overexpressed a fused protein (cp19k-MaSp1) composed of Megabalanus rosa (cp19k) and Nephila clavata dragline silk protein (MaSp1) in Pichia pastoris. The recombinant cp19k-MaSp1 exhibited enhanced adhesion capability beyond those of the individual proteins in both aqueous and non-aqueous conditions. cp19k-MaSp1 protein fiber scaffolds prepared through electrospinning have adequate hydrophilicity compared to cp19k and MaSp1 protein fiber scaffolds, and offer improved overall porosity compared to MaSp1 protein fiber scaffolds. The cp19k-MaSp1 protein fiber scaffolds showed excellent proteolytically stable properties because of only 9.6 % depletion after incubation in a biodegradation solution for 56 d. The cp19k-MaSp1 protein fiber scaffolds present remarkably high extreme tensile strength (112.7 ± 11.6 MPa) and superior ductility (438.4 ± 43.9 %) compared with cp19k (34.4 ± 8.1 MPa, 115.4 ± 32.7 %) and MaSp1 protein fiber scaffolds (65.8 ± 9.3 MPa, 409.6 ± 23.1 %), also 68.4 % of tensile strength was recovered by incubation in K+ buffer after multiple stretches, which create a favorable cell adhesion, growth, and proliferation environment for human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The improved biocompatibility, extensive adhesion, mechanical strength, and self-recovery properties make the bioinspired synthetic cp19k-MaSp1 a potential candidate for biomedical tissue reconstruction.


Assuntos
Fibroínas , Aranhas , Thoracica , Animais , Humanos , Células Endoteliais , Seda
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