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1.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200027, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of pesticide exposure and associated factors among rural residents. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study conducted with 1,518 individuals in 2016. We randomly selected 24 census tracts from the eight rural districts of the city of Pelotas, RS. All individuals aged 18 years or older, living in the randomly selected households were eligible. A descriptive analysis was performed and the prevalence of contact with pesticides was presented. The association between outcome and independent variables was analyzed using Poisson regression according to the hierarchical model. The variables were all adjusted to the same level, including those at the previous level and those with p<0.20 were kept in the model. RESULTS: The prevalence of contact with pesticides in the past year was 23.7% and among the participants, 5.9% reported having pesticide poisoning at some time in their lives. The probability of contact with pesticides in the past year was higher among men (PR=2,00; 95%CI 1.56 - 2.56), among those aged 40-49 years (PR = 2.00; 95%CI 1.12 - 1.80), among individuals with lower levels of education (PR = 2.06; 95%CI 1.39 - 3.10), in those who performed rural work (PR = 2.87; 95%CI 1.39 - 3.10) and in those who had lived in rural areas all their lives (PR = 1.28 95%CI 1.00 - 1.66). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one in four adults in rural Pelotas had come into contact with pesticides in the year before the study. The findings show the existence of social inequalities related to exposure to pesticides and provide information for action aimed at reducing exposure and poisoning from these products.

2.
Artigo em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51559

RESUMO

[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Comparar as tendências temporais de acesso e utilização de serviços para controle de hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) e diabetes mellitus (DM) em equipes com e sem a participação de profissionais do Programa Mais Médicos (PMM). Métodos. Utilizou-se um delineamento analítico-descritivo, com comparação entre equipes participantes do PMM (intervenção) e não participantes, em uma abordagem quase-experimental em série temporal. Comparouse o desempenho de uma amostra de 30 000 equipes da Estratégia Saúde da Família em 2012 e 20 000 equipes em 2015. Os padrões nos dois grupos foram analisados pela técnica de diferença-em-diferença com estratificação por região geopolítica, porte populacional e perfil municipal. A média semestral de atendimentos foi estimada pela divisão do número total de consultas de DM e HAS realizadas por médicos e enfermeiros em determinada equipe de saúde pelo total de usuários com DM/HAS cadastrados no mesmo local e período. Uma média de consultas/usuário maior do que 14,2 para DM e 10,8 para HAS foi considerada como outlier, sendo as equipes com essas médias excluídas das análises. Resultados. A análise de diferença-em-diferença indicou melhor desempenho na oferta de consulta para DM (P < 0,001) e HAS (P < 0,001) entre as equipes com PMM em comparação àquelas sem o programa. O efeito foi mais pronunciado nas regiões Norte e Nordeste, em municípios com mais de 20% da população em extrema pobreza e em municípios de todos os portes populacionais. Conclusões. Os resultados mostram que o PMM amplia o acesso e a utilização dos serviços de saúde.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To compare temporal trends in access and utilization of systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and diabetes mellitus (DM) services provided by teams with or without physicians from the More Doctors Program (PMM). Method. An analytical-descriptive design was used, with comparison of teams that joined the PMM (intervention) vs. non-participants, using a quasi-experimental time series approach. The study compared the performance of a sample of 30 000 Family Health Strategy teams in 2012 and 20 000 teams in 2015. The patterns in both groups were analyzed using the difference-in-difference technique with stratification according to geopolitical region, population size, and municipal profile. The mean number of consultations per semester was estimated by dividing the total number of DM and HAS consultations provided by physicians and nurses in a given health care team by the total number of users with DM/HAS registered in the same location and period. A mean number of consultations/user > 14.2 for DM and > 10.8 for HAS was considered as an outlier, and thus the teams with these means were excluded from the analyses. Results. The difference-in-difference analysis indicated better performance in the provision of DM (P < 0.001) and SAH (P < 0.001) services among PMM teams vs. non-PMM teams. The effect was more pronounced in the North and Northeast regions, in municipalities with more than 20% of the population living in extreme poverty, and in municipalities of all population sizes. Conclusions. The results show that the PMM increased access and utilization of health care services.


[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Comparar las tendencias temporales del acceso y de la utilización de los servicios para el control de la hipertensión arterial sistémica (HAS) y la diabetes mellitus (DM) realizado por los equipos de salud de la familia que trabajan solos y por los que cuentan con la participación de profesionales del Programa Mais Médicos (PMM). Métodos. Se utilizó un diseño analítico y descriptivo, con comparación entre los equipos con participantes del PMM (intervención) y sin ellos, con un método cuasiexperimental de series temporales. Se comparó el desempeño de una muestra de 30 000 equipos que trabajaron dentro del marco de la estrategia de salud de la familia en el 2012 y de 20 000 equipos en el 2015. Se analizaron los patrones observados en ambos grupos con la técnica de doble diferencia con estratificación por zona geopolítica, tamaño de la población y perfil municipal. Se estimó la media semestral de casos atendidos con la división del número total de consultas por DM y HAS a cargo de médicos y miembros del personal de enfermería de un determinado equipo de salud por el total de usuarios con DM y HAS registrados en el mismo lugar y período. Se consideró que una media de consultas por DM por usuario mayor de 14,2 y por HAS mayor de 10,8 era un valor atípico y, por lo tanto, los equipos con esas medias se excluyeron de los análisis. Resultados. El análisis de doble diferencia indicó un mejor desempeño en la atención de consultas por DM (P < 0,001) y por HAS (P < 0,001) a cargo de los equipos con participantes del PMM en comparación con los que trabajaron sin ese programa. El efecto fue más pronunciado en las regiones norte y nordeste, en los municipios con más de 20% de la población en condiciones de extrema pobreza y en municipios de todos los tamaños de población. Conclusiones. Los resultados muestran que el PMM amplía el acceso y la utilización de los servicios de salud.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Hipertensão , Brasil , Diabetes Mellitus , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Hipertensão , Brasil , Hipertensão , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde
3.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 32, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association among characteristics of primary health care center (PHCC) with hospitalizations for primary care sensitive conditions (PCSC) in Brazil. METHOD: In this study, a cross-sectional ecological study was performed. This study analyzed the 27 capitals of Brazil's federative units. Data were aggregated from the following open access databases: National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care, the Hospital Information System of Brazilian Unified Health System and Annual Population Census conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Associations were estimated among characteristics of primary care with the number of three PCSC as the leading causes of hospitalization in children under-5 population in Brazil: asthma, diarrhea, and pneumonia. RESULTS: In general, PHCC showed limited structural adequacy (37.3%) for pediatric care in Brazil. The capitals in South and Southeast regions had the best structure whereas the North and Northeast had the worst. Fewer PCSC hospitalizations were significantly associated with PHCC which presented appropriate equipment (RR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.97-0.99), structural conditions (RR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.97-0.99), and signage/identification of professionals and facilities (RR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.97-0.99). Higher PCSC hospitalizations were significantly associated with PHCC with more physicians (RR: 1.23, 95%CI: 1.02-1.48), it forms (RR: 1.01, 95%CI: 1.01-1.02), and more medications (RR: 1.02, 95%CI: 1.01-1.03). CONCLUSION: Infrastructural adequacy of PHCC was associated with less PCSC hospitalizations, while availability medical professional and medications were associated with higher PCSC hospitalizations.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/terapia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/terapia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4375, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152345

RESUMO

To quantify and compare 9-year all-cause mortality risk attributable to modifiable risk factors among older English and Brazilian adults. We used data for participants aged 60 years and older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and the Bagé Cohort Study of Ageing (SIGa-Bagé). The five modifiable risk factors assessed at baseline were smoking, hypertension, diabetes, obesity and physical inactivity. Deaths were identified through linkage to mortality registers. For each risk factor, estimated all-cause mortality hazard ratios (HR) and population attributable fractions (PAF) were adjusted by age, sex, all other risk factors and socioeconomic position (wealth) using Cox proportional hazards modelling. We also quantified the risk factor adjusted wealth gradients in mortality, by age and sex. Among the participants, 659 (ELSA) and 638 (SIGa-Bagé) died during the 9-year follow-up. Mortality rates were higher in SIGa-Bagé. HRs and PAFs showed more similarities than differences, with physical inactivity (PAF 16.5% ELSA; 16.7% SIGa-Bagé) and current smoking (PAF 4.9% for both cohorts) having the strongest association. A clear graded relationship existed between the number of risk factors and subsequent mortality. Wealth gradients in mortality were apparent in both cohorts after full adjustment, especially among men aged 60-74 in ELSA. A different pattern was found among older women, especially in SIGa-Bagé. These findings call attention for the challenge to health systems to prevent and modify the major risk factors related to non-communicable diseases, especially physical inactivity and smoking. Furthermore, wealth inequalities in mortality persist among older adults.

5.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 28(3): e2018510, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the structure of Family Health Support Unit (FHSU) teams with regard to physical space, training received, continuing education and professionals that support Primary Health Care (PHC) teams in Brazil, in 2013. METHODS: this is a descriptive study using data from the external evaluation stage of the Program for Improving Primary Health Care Access and Quality (PMAQ). RESULTS: the 1,773 FHSU teams mainly used shared clinics at primary health care centers (85.7%); 63.4% of professionals were offered specific training when they started work at their FHSU, while 67.4% were offered continuing education; the teams received support mainly from physiotherapists (87.4%) and Physical Education professionals (87,0%). CONCLUSION: the structure available for FHSU teams is in accordance with the guidelines; some FHSU professionals have not received any specific training for the job.

6.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 29(1): e2019019, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the adequacy of primary health care center structure, requests for tests and prenatal care reported by female health service users within the scope of the Program for Improving Primary Care Access and Quality (PMAQ) in Brazil. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional study using PMAQ Cycle II (2014) data. RESULTS: data from 9,909 health centers, 9,905 teams, and 9,945 female health service users were included; 70.1% (95%CI 69.2;71.0) of health centers had adequate structure; 88.0% (95%CI 87.4;88.7) of the teams requested all tests; 59.8% (95%CI 58.8;60.8) of female health service users reported receiving total guidance, and 23.4% of them (95%CI 22.5;24.2) underwent all physical examination procedures; teams that participated in both Cycle I and Cycle II presented better results. CONCLUSION: in spite of shortcomings in Primary Care structure and work process in Brazil, PMAQ appears to positively affect prenatal care.

7.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(1): e2019019, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1090251

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: descrever a adequação da estrutura das unidades básicas de saúde (UBS), solicitação de exames pelas equipes e atenção ao pré-natal referida pelas usuárias, no âmbito do Programa de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica (PMAQ). Métodos: estudo transversal, com dados do Ciclo II do PMAQ, em 2014. Resultados: foram incluídos dados de 9.909 unidades, 9.905 equipes e 9.945 usuárias; apresentaram estrutura adequada 70,1% (IC95% 69,2;71,0) das UBS; 88,0% (IC95% 87,4;88,7) das equipes solicitaram todos os exames; entre as usuárias, 59,8% (IC95% 58,8;60,8) afirmaram ter recebido todas as orientações e 23,4% (IC95% 22,5;24,2) receberam todos os procedimentos de exame físico; equipes participantes dos Ciclos I e II apresentaram melhores resultados. Conclusão: não obstante as deficiências na estrutura e no processo de trabalho da Atenção Básica no Brasil, o PMAQ parece afetar positivamente a atenção pré-natal.


Resumen Objetivo: describir la adecuación de las estructuras en las Unidades Básicas de Salud (UBS), solicitud de exámenes y atención al prenatal referida por los usuarios, en el marco del Programa para Mejorar el Acceso y la Calidad de la Atención Básica (PMAQ) en Brasil. Métodos: estudio transversal, con datos del Ciclo II del PMAQ, en 2014. Resultados: se incluyeron datos de 9,909 unidades, 9,905 equipos y 9,945 usuarias; presentaron una estructura adecuada 70,1% (IC95% 69,2;71,0) de las UBS; 88,0% (IC95% IC 87,4;88,7) de los equipos solicitaron todos los exámenes; entre las usuarias, 59,8% (IC95% 58.8;60.8) informó haber recibido todas las orientaciones y el 23,4% (IC95% 22,5;24,2) de ellas recibió todos los procedimientos de examen físico; los equipos participantes en los Ciclos I y II presentaron mejores resultados. Conclusión: a pesar de las deficiencias en la estructura y el proceso de trabajo de la Atención Primaria en Brasil, el PMAQ parece afectar positivamente la atención prenatal.


Abstract Objective: to describe the adequacy of primary health care center structure, requests for tests and prenatal care reported by female health service users within the scope of the Program for Improving Primary Care Access and Quality (PMAQ) in Brazil. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study using PMAQ Cycle II (2014) data. Results: data from 9,909 health centers, 9,905 teams, and 9,945 female health service users were included; 70.1% (95%CI 69.2;71.0) of health centers had adequate structure; 88.0% (95%CI 87.4;88.7) of the teams requested all tests; 59.8% (95%CI 58.8;60.8) of female health service users reported receiving total guidance, and 23.4% of them (95%CI 22.5;24.2) underwent all physical examination procedures; teams that participated in both Cycle I and Cycle II presented better results. Conclusion: in spite of shortcomings in Primary Care structure and work process in Brazil, PMAQ appears to positively affect prenatal care.

8.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 32, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1094411

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association among characteristics of primary health care center (PHCC) with hospitalizations for primary care sensitive conditions (PCSC) in Brazil. METHOD In this study, a cross-sectional ecological study was performed. This study analyzed the 27 capitals of Brazil's federative units. Data were aggregated from the following open access databases: National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care, the Hospital Information System of Brazilian Unified Health System and Annual Population Census conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Associations were estimated among characteristics of primary care with the number of three PCSC as the leading causes of hospitalization in children under-5 population in Brazil: asthma, diarrhea, and pneumonia. RESULTS In general, PHCC showed limited structural adequacy (37.3%) for pediatric care in Brazil. The capitals in South and Southeast regions had the best structure whereas the North and Northeast had the worst. Fewer PCSC hospitalizations were significantly associated with PHCC which presented appropriate equipment (RR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.97-0.99), structural conditions (RR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.97-0.99), and signage/identification of professionals and facilities (RR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.97-0.99). Higher PCSC hospitalizations were significantly associated with PHCC with more physicians (RR: 1.23, 95%CI: 1.02-1.48), it forms (RR: 1.01, 95%CI: 1.01-1.02), and more medications (RR: 1.02, 95%CI: 1.01-1.03) CONCLUSION Infrastructural adequacy of PHCC was associated with less PCSC hospitalizations, while availability medical professional and medications were associated with higher PCSC hospitalizations.

9.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 66, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the ratio between the waist circumference and the height in the identification of health risk compared with the correlation matrix between the anthropometric parameters body mass index and waist circumference. METHODS: A population-based study presenting a transversal cut in a representative sample of the Brazilian adult and older population. The combination of the body mass index with the waist circumference resulted in health risk categories, and the cutoff points of the ratio between the waist circumference and the height as anthropometric indicator were used for classification of low and increased risk. Poisson regression was used to verify the association of systemic arterial hypertension with the health risk categories. RESULTS: The results showed 26% of adult men, 10.4% of adult women and more than 30% of the older adults of both genders classified as without risk by the combination matrix between body mass index and waist circumference presented a ratio between the waist circumference and height that showed increased risk. All risk categories continued to be associated with hypertension after control for confounding factors, being almost two times higher for adults with moderate and high risk according to both methods. When the waist-to-height ratio was used as a risk indicator, the prevalence of hypertension ratios for the older adults was 1.37 (95%CI 1.16-1.63) and 1.35 (95%CI 1.12-1.62) for men and women, respectively, being these values close to the combination matrix body mass index and waist circumference. CONCLUSIONS: The waist-to-height ratio identified more individuals at early health risk than the combination matrix between the body mass index and the waist circumference and showed comparable ability to identify health risk, regardless of gender and age, regarding the prevalence ratios for systemic arterial hypertension.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso/complicações , Medição de Risco/métodos , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/fisiopatologia , Distribuição de Poisson , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto Jovem
10.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 28(2): e2018085, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the implementation of schistosomiasis mansoni control actions under the Program to Combat Neglected Diseases in three municipalities in Pernambuco state, Brazil. METHODS: implementation analysis was done in 2014, considering the following components - management, epidemiological surveillance, patient care, laboratorial support and health education -; direct observation and interviews were carried out with managers and technical personnel at the state, regional, and municipal levels. RESULTS: partial implementation was found in municipalities A and B 69.7%; 62.2%, while there was full implementation in municipality C 79.5%; contextual weaknesses were found in communication between management levels, insufficient technical-management autonomy of decentralized levels, and professional staff job instability; potentialities identified were - continuing education, political articulation, knowledge about the program, and performance evaluation. CONCLUSION: contextual categories related to development and implementation stood out for their positive influence on the degree of implementation in the municipalities; we recommend intervention in the weaknesses found, in order to ensure program sustainability and institutionalization.

11.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 28(2): e2018308, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe reported health promotion actions directed towards chronic non-communicable disease (CNCD) patients, the support of physical education professionals (PEP) and the implementation of actions to promote body practices and physical activity (BPPA) by the Family Health Support Center (FHSC) teams, according to Brazilian municipality context variables. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional study, forming part of the 2013/2014 National Primary Health Care Access and Quality Improvement Program (PMAQ), by means of interviews with FHSC professionals. RESULTS: the action most reported by the teams was evaluation and rehabilitation of psychosocial conditions (90.8%); promotion of BPPA was the sixth most performed action, and was more prevalent in the Brazilian Southeast region (89.6%), in medium-sized municipalities (88.7%), with medium human development index (HDI) (86.7%); PEP provided support to 87% of the teams. CONCLUSION: FHSC were found to make an important contribution to BPPA.

12.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35(4): e00191718, 2019 05 02.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066780

RESUMO

This article sought to measure lack of access and use of oral health services by elderly residents of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional population study carried out in 2014, in the city's urban zone, including individuals aged 60 years or more. Sociodemographic and self-reported needs variables were associated with outcomes. We used Poisson regression for the crude and adjusted analyses. We interviewed 1,451 elderly individuals using a structured questionnaire. The prevalence of lack of access in the previous year was of 1.8% (95%CI: 0.7-3.0). Elderly individuals who never had a consultation were 3.1% (95%CI: 2.2-4.0) and the prevalence of use of oral health services in the previous years was 38.3%(95%CI 36.0-41.0). Use in the previous year was positively associated with the following variables: younger age (PR = 1.16), having a partner (PR = 1.28), high educational level (PR = 1.31), mouth or teeth problems (PR = 1.93), need for dental prosthesis (PR = 1.36) and being edentulous (PR = 3.11). Lack of access in the previous year was low. Oral health service use was higher than that observed in other states. Findings seem to reflect the expansion of oral health services in the city, especially in the public network, and are useful for health policy planning.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Equidade em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição de Poisson , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Cult. cuid ; 23(53): 316-329, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-FGT-3692

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Identificar os programas brasileiros de vigilância de recém-nascidos de risco para mortalidade infantil, destacando as estratégias de operacionalização e os critérios para inclusão. MÉTODO: Revisão integrativa da literatura na base de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e no portal de revistas eletrônicas Scientific Eletronic Library Online. Foram incluídos os artigos que abordavam a descrição dos critérios de inclusão em programas de vigilância de recém-nascido de risco e a operacionalização dos mesmos. Não foram incluídos os editoriais ou cartas ao editor, artigos de opinião, resumos apresentados em anais, teses ou dissertações. RESULTADOS: Dezessete artigos descreveram a experiência de oito programas, em quatro estados brasileiros, das regiões Sul e Sudeste. A identificação dos recém-nascidos era através de entrevistas nas maternidades ou da Declaração de Nascidos Vivos. Os critérios utilizados incluíam riscos biológicos e sociais, com destaque para prematuridade, baixo peso ao nascer, idade e escolaridade materna. CONCLUSÕES: Artigos sobre o tema são escassos e dentre os fatores de risco identificados, a maioria é passível de modificação em ações relacionadas ao cuidado pré-natal e educação em saúde


OBJETIVO: Identificar los programas brasileños de vigilancia de recién nacidos de riesgo de mortalidad infantil, destacando las estrategias de funcionamiento y los criterios para inclusión. MÉTODO: Revisión integrativa de la literatura en la base de datos Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Literatura Latino-americana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud y en el portal de revistas electrónicas Scientific Eletronic Library Online. Fueron seleccionados los artículos que abordaban la descripción de los criterios de inclusión en programas de vigilancia de recién nacido de riesgo y el funcionamiento de los mismos. No fueron incluidos los editoriales o cartas al editor, artículos de opinión, resúmenes presentados en anales, tesis o disertaciones. RESULTADOS: Diecisiete artículos describieron la experiencia de ocho programas, en cuatro estados brasileños, de las regiones Sur y Sudeste. La identificación de los recién nacidos fue a través de entrevistas en las maternidades o de la Declaración de Nacidos Vivos. Los criterios utilizados incluían riesgos biológicos y sociales, con evidencia para precocidad, bajo peso al nacer, edad y escolaridad materna. CONCLUSIONES: Los artículos sobre el tema son escasos y entre los factores de riesgo identificados, la mayoría es susceptible de modificación en acciones asociadas al cuidado pre-natal y educación en salud


OBJECTIVE: To identify newborns at risk surveillance programs for infant mortality within the Brazil, highlighting the operalisation strategies and inclusion criteria. METHODS: A literature review in the database dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences and the portal of electronic journals Scientific Electronic Library Online. The articles that were included addressed the description of the criteria for inclusion in programs for the surveillance of newborns at risk and their operationalization. Exclusion criteria were editorials or letters to the editor, opinion articles, summaries presented in annals, theses or dissertations. RESULTS: Seventeen articles described the eight programs experience, in four brazilian states, in the Southeast and South. The identification of newborns at risk was done through interviews in hospitals or Live Birth Declaration. The criteria used included biological and social risks, especially prematurity, low birth weight, maternal age and education. CONCLUSIONS: Articles about the theme are scarce and among the risk factors identified, most are likely to change in actions related to prenatal care and health education

14.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 52: e20180230, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652792

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious and contagious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB emerged in the 21st century as an unsolved public health problem. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the characteristics of basic health units (BHUs) and the number of TB cases detected in Maranhão, Brazil. METHODS: An ecological, analytical study was conducted using the municipalities in the state of Maranhão as the unit of analysis. Data regarding the number of detected TB cases was obtained from the Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação database, and the characteristics of the BHUs were obtained from the first cycle of data collection for the Program to Improve Access and Quality of Basic Care. The BHU structure was classified as adequate (80%-100%), partially adequate (60%-79%), poorly adequate (40%-59%), or inadequate (<40%) according to the presence of specified items. The number of BHUs per municipality in each adequacy category was estimated. Inflated Poisson regression analysis was performed to estimate the incidence density ratios (IDRs) and the 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS: Municipalities with a higher level of BHU adequacy had a higher number of detected TB cases (IDR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.01-2.60). CONCLUSIONS: Better structured health services in primary care may be associated with better detection and/or notification of TB cases.


Assuntos
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Brasil , Notificação de Doenças , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
Int J Equity Health ; 18(1): 5, 2019 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brazilian Primary Care Facilities (PCF) provide primary care and must offer dental services for diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases. According to a logic of promoting equity, PCF should be better structured in less developed places and with higher need for oral health services. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the structure of dental caries services in the capitals of the Brazilian Federative Units and identify whether socioeconomic factors and caries (need) are predictors of the oral health services structure. METHODS: This is an ecological study with variables retrieved from different secondary databases, clustered for the level of the federative capitals. Descriptive thematic maps were prepared, and structural equations were analyzed to identify oral health service structure's predictors (Alpha = 5%). Four models with different outcomes related to dental caries treatment were tested: 1) % of PCF with a fully equipped office; 2) % of PCF with sufficient instruments, and 3) % of PCF with sufficient supplies; 4) % of PCF with total structure. RESULTS: 21.6% of the PCF of the Brazilian capitals had a fully equipped office; 46.9% had sufficient instruments, and 30.0% had sufficient supplies for caries prevention and treatment. The four models evidenced proper fit indexes. A correlation between socioeconomic factors and the structure of oral health services was only noted in model 3. The worse the socioeconomic conditions, the lower the availability of dental supplies (standard factor loading: 0.92, P = 0.012). Estimates of total, direct and indirect effects showed that dental caries experience observed in the Brazilian population by SB-Brasil in 2010 did not affect the outcomes investigated. CONCLUSION: Material resources are not equitably distributed according to the socioeconomic conditions and oral health needs of the population of the Brazilian capitals, thus contributing to persistent oral health inequities in the country.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/organização & administração , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Geografia , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 66, jan. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1043316

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of the ratio between the waist circumference and the height in the identification of health risk compared with the correlation matrix between the anthropometric parameters body mass index and waist circumference. METHODS A population-based study presenting a transversal cut in a representative sample of the Brazilian adult and older population. The combination of the body mass index with the waist circumference resulted in health risk categories, and the cutoff points of the ratio between the waist circumference and the height as anthropometric indicator were used for classification of low and increased risk. Poisson regression was used to verify the association of systemic arterial hypertension with the health risk categories. RESULTS The results showed 26% of adult men, 10.4% of adult women and more than 30% of the older adults of both genders classified as without risk by the combination matrix between body mass index and waist circumference presented a ratio between the waist circumference and height that showed increased risk. All risk categories continued to be associated with hypertension after control for confounding factors, being almost two times higher for adults with moderate and high risk according to both methods. When the waist-to-height ratio was used as a risk indicator, the prevalence of hypertension ratios for the older adults was 1.37 (95%CI 1.16-1.63) and 1.35 (95%CI 1.12-1.62) for men and women, respectively, being these values close to the combination matrix body mass index and waist circumference. CONCLUSIONS The waist-to-height ratio identified more individuals at early health risk than the combination matrix between the body mass index and the waist circumference and showed comparable ability to identify health risk, regardless of gender and age, regarding the prevalence ratios for systemic arterial hypertension.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar o desempenho da razão entre a circunferência da cintura e a estatura na identificação de risco à saúde comparada à matriz de associação entre os parâmetros antropométricos índice de massa corporal e circunferência da cintura. MÉTODOS Estudo de base populacional apresentando um corte transversal em uma amostra representativa da população adulta e idosa brasileira. A combinação do índice de massa corporal com a circunferência da cintura deu origem às categorias de risco à saúde, assim como os pontos de corte da razão entre a circunferência da cintura e a estatura como indicador antropométrico foram utilizados para a classificação de baixo risco e risco aumentado. A regressão de Poisson foi utilizada para verificar a associação da hipertensão arterial sistêmica com as categorias de risco à saúde. RESULTADOS Os resultados apontaram que 26% dos homens adultos, 10,4% das mulheres adultas e mais de 30% dos idosos de ambos os sexos classificados como sem risco pela matriz de combinação índice de massa corporal e circunferência da cintura apresentaram razão entre a circunferência da cintura e a estatura indicativa de risco aumentado. Todas as categorias de risco continuaram apresentando associação com a hipertensão após controle para os fatores de confusão, permanecendo próximas de duas vezes maiores para os indivíduos adultos com risco moderado e elevado segundo ambos os métodos. Já os idosos apresentaram razões de prevalência de hipertensão de 1,37 (IC95% 1,16-1,63) e de 1,35 (IC95% 1,12-1,62), para homens e mulheres, respectivamente, quando utilizada a razão entre a circunferência da cintura e a estatura como indicador de risco, estando estes valores próximos à matriz de combinação índice de massa corporal e circunferência da cintura. CONCLUSÕES A razão entre a circunferência da cintura e a estatura identificou mais indivíduos em risco precoce à saúde do que a matriz de combinação entre o índice de massa corporal e a circunferência da cintura e apresentou habilidades comparáveis na identificação de risco à saúde, independentemente do sexo e da faixa etária, no que tange às razões de prevalência para hipertensão arterial sistêmica.

17.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 28(2): e2018308, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012073

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: descrever o relato de ações de promoção da saúde dirigidas a portadores de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, o apoio do profissional de educação física (PEF) e a realização da ação de promoção de práticas corporais e atividade física (PCAF) pelas equipes do Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família (NASF), segundo variáveis de contexto dos municípios do Brasil. Métodos: estudo transversal, integrante do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica (PMAQ) 2013/2014, mediante entrevistas a profissionais do NASF. Resultados: a ação mais relatada pelas equipes foi a avaliação e reabilitação de condições psicossociais (90,8%); a ação de promoção de PCAF foi a sexta mais realizada e teve maior prevalência no Sudeste brasileiro (89,6%), em municípios de médio porte (88,7%), com índice de desenvolvimento humano (IDH) médio (86,7%); o PEF apoiou 87% das equipes. Conclusão: revelou-se importante contribuição do NASF para as ações de PCAF.


Resumen Objetivo: describir el relato de acciones de promoción de la salud dirigidas a portadores de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles (ECNT), el apoyo del profesional de educación física (PEF) y la realización de la acción de promoción de prácticas corporales y actividad física (PCAF) por los equipos del Núcleo de Apoyo a la Salud de la Familia (NASF), según variables de contexto de los municipios de Brasil. Métodos: estudio transversal, integrante del Programa Nacional de Mejoría del Acceso y de la Calidad de la Atención Básica (PMAQ) 2013/2014, con entrevistas a profesionales del NASF. Resultados: la acción más relatada por los equipos fue la evaluación y la rehabilitación de condiciones psicosociales (90,8%); la acción de promoción de PCAF fue la sexta más realizada, tuvo mayor prevalencia en el Sudeste brasileño (89,6%), en municipios de mediano porte (88,7%), con índice de desarrollo humano (IDH) medio (86,7%); el PEF apoyó 87% de los equipos. Conclusión: se reveló una importante contribución del NASF a acciones de PCAF.


Abstract Objective: to describe reported health promotion actions directed towards chronic non-communicable disease (CNCD) patients, the support of physical education professionals (PEP) and the implementation of actions to promote body practices and physical activity (BPPA) by the Family Health Support Center (FHSC) teams, according to Brazilian municipality context variables. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study, forming part of the 2013/2014 National Primary Health Care Access and Quality Improvement Program (PMAQ), by means of interviews with FHSC professionals. Results: the action most reported by the teams was evaluation and rehabilitation of psychosocial conditions (90.8%); promotion of BPPA was the sixth most performed action, and was more prevalent in the Brazilian Southeast region (89.6%), in medium-sized municipalities (88.7%), with medium human development index (HDI) (86.7%); PEP provided support to 87% of the teams. Conclusion: FHSC were found to make an important contribution to BPPA.

18.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 28(2): e2018085, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012082

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: avaliar a implantação das ações de controle da esquistossomose mansônica do Programa de Enfrentamento às Doenças Negligenciadas em três municípios de Pernambuco, Brasil. Métodos: análise de implantação, realizada em 2014, considerando-se os componentes de gestão, vigilância epidemiológica, assistência ao paciente e apoio laboratorial, e educação em saúde; utilizaram-se observação direta e entrevistas com gestores e técnicos dos níveis estadual, regional e municipal. Resultados: verificou-se implantação parcial nos municípios A e B 69,7%; 62,2%, enquanto o município C classificou-se como implantado 79,5%; houve fragilidades de contexto relativas à comunicação entre instâncias gestoras, insuficiente autonomia técnico-gerencial dos níveis descentralizados e instabilidade profissional; como potencialidades, identificaram-se educação permanente, articulação política, conhecimento sobre o programa e avaliação de desempenho. Conclusão: categorias contextuais relacionadas com o desenvolvimento e implantação destacaram-se pela influência positiva no nível de implantação dos três municípios; recomenda-se intervir nas fragilidades observadas, para garantia da sustentabilidade e institucionalização do programa.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar la implantación de las acciones de control de la esquistosomiasis mansoni del Programa de Afrontamiento de Enfermedades Desatendidas en tres municipios de Pernambuco, Brasil. Métodos: análisis de implantación, realizado en 2014, considerando los componentes gestión, vigilancia epidemiológica, asistencia al paciente y apoyo de laboratorio, y educación en salud; se utilizó la observación directa y entrevistas con gestores/técnicos de niveles estadual, regional y municipal. Resultados: implantación parcial en los municipios A y B 69,7%; 62,2%, mientras que el C se clasificó como implantado 79,5%; el contexto demostró fragilidades de comunicación entre instancias gestoras, insuficiente autonomía técnico-gerencial de los niveles descentralizados e inestabilidad profesional; como potencialidades, se identificaron educación permanente, articulación política, conocimiento del programa y evaluación de desempeño. Conclusión: las categorías contextuales relacionadas al desarrollo e implantación se destacaron por la influencia positiva a nivel de implantación de los tres municipios; se recomienda intervenir sobre las fragilidades observadas, para garantizar la sostenibilidad e institucionalización del programa.


Abstract Objective: to evaluate the implementation of schistosomiasis mansoni control actions under the Program to Combat Neglected Diseases in three municipalities in Pernambuco state, Brazil. Methods: implementation analysis was done in 2014, considering the following components - management, epidemiological surveillance, patient care, laboratorial support and health education -; direct observation and interviews were carried out with managers and technical personnel at the state, regional, and municipal levels. Results: partial implementation was found in municipalities A and B 69.7%; 62.2%, while there was full implementation in municipality C 79.5%; contextual weaknesses were found in communication between management levels, insufficient technical-management autonomy of decentralized levels, and professional staff job instability; potentialities identified were - continuing education, political articulation, knowledge about the program, and performance evaluation. Conclusion: contextual categories related to development and implementation stood out for their positive influence on the degree of implementation in the municipalities; we recommend intervention in the weaknesses found, in order to ensure program sustainability and institutionalization.

19.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 23(supl.1): e170795, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-990079

RESUMO

ABSTRACT In order to assess coverage and quality of elderly care, a cross-sectional study of 204 interventions of Family Health Specialization students of UFPel was conducted, both connected and not connected to the More Doctors Program (PMM). The coverage difference between the third and first months of intervention and the percentage at the end of the third month were calculated in order to obtain quality indicators. An average increase in coverage of 35.7 percentage points (pp) (32.9, 38.6) was found: 42.1 pp (38.6, 45.7) and 26.1 pp (22.3, 30) were, respectively, related and not related to PMM. Brief Multidimensional Assessment (AMR), up-to-date clinical examination and assessment of the need for dental treatment showed better results in interventions conducted by PMM professionals. The interventions were effective regardless of supply and nationality, obtaining significantly better results those conducted by PMM professionals, especially Cubans.


RESUMO Com objetivo de avaliar a cobertura e a qualidade do cuidado a pessoas idosas, realizou-se estudo transversal das 204 intervenções de alunos da Especialização em Saúde da Família da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPEL), vinculados ou não ao Mais Médicos. Calculou-se a diferença de cobertura entre o terceiro e o primeiro mês de intervenção e o percentual atingido no fim do terceiro mês para indicadores de qualidade. Encontrou-se aumento médio da cobertura de 35,7 pontos percentuais (pp) (32,9; 38,6), sendo de 26,1 pp (22,3; 30,0) e 42,1 pp (38,6; 45,7), conduzida por profissionais não pertencentes ao Mais Médicos ou pertencentes a tal programa, respectivamente. Avaliação multidimensional rápida, exame clínico em dia e avaliação de necessidade de tratamento odontológico apresentaram melhor desempenho em intervenções conduzidas por profissionais do Mais Médicos. Intervenções foram efetivas independente de provimento e nacionalidade, obtendo resultados significativamente melhores aquelas conduzidas por profissionais do Mais Médicos, especialmente cubanos.


RESUMEN Con el objetivo de evaluar la cobertura y la calidad del cuidado a las personas mayores, se realizó un estudio transversal de las 204 intervenciones de alumnos de la Especialización en Salud de la Familia de UFPel, vinculados o no al Más Médicos. Se calculó la diferencia de cobertura entre el 3er y el 1er mes de intervención y el porcentaje alcanzado al final del 3er mes para indicadores de calidad. Se encontró un aumento medio de la cobertura de 35,7 puntos porcentuales (pp) (32,9; 38,6), siendo de 26,1 pp (22,3; 30,0) y de 42,1 pp (38,6; 45,7) realizadas por no Más Médicos o Más Médicos, respectivamente. Evaluación multidimensional rápida, examen clínico al día y necesidad de tratamiento odontológico presentaron un mejor desempeño en intervenciones realizadas por profesionales del Más Médicos. Las intervenciones fueron efectivas, independientemente de la provisión y nacionalidad, obteniendo resultados significativamente mejores las realizadas por profesionales del Más Médicos, especialmente los de nacionalidad cubana.


Assuntos
Humanos , Médicos , Saúde do Idoso , Cuidados Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Consórcios de Saúde , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Educação Médica
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-977119

RESUMO

Abstract INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious and contagious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB emerged in the 21st century as an unsolved public health problem. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the characteristics of basic health units (BHUs) and the number of TB cases detected in Maranhão, Brazil. METHODS An ecological, analytical study was conducted using the municipalities in the state of Maranhão as the unit of analysis. Data regarding the number of detected TB cases was obtained from the Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação database, and the characteristics of the BHUs were obtained from the first cycle of data collection for the Program to Improve Access and Quality of Basic Care. The BHU structure was classified as adequate (80%-100%), partially adequate (60%-79%), poorly adequate (40%-59%), or inadequate (<40%) according to the presence of specified items. The number of BHUs per municipality in each adequacy category was estimated. Inflated Poisson regression analysis was performed to estimate the incidence density ratios (IDRs) and the 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS Municipalities with a higher level of BHU adequacy had a higher number of detected TB cases (IDR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.01-2.60). CONCLUSIONS Better structured health services in primary care may be associated with better detection and/or notification of TB cases.

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