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1.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 530-539, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is a chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoproliferative disease which may either present as an indolent condition or progress to a systemic T-cell lymphoma. METHODS: All HVLPD diagnosed over a 10-year period were retrieved, and clinical data regarding sex, age, oral and systemic manifestations, and clinical follow-up were obtained. Immunohistochemistry was done in order to characterize the lymphoid cells, and in situ hybridization was used to demonstrate the presence of EBV. RESULTS: Eleven cases were included, with a male predominance and a mean age of 25.1 years. Buccal mucosa and the lips were the most affected oral sites, appearing as painful ulcers. All patients exhibited facial oedema, usually affecting the lips, nose and periorbital region. The clinical course was gradual but progressive, with four patients having fever and 3 showing lymphadenopathies. All cases showed a moderate to severe lymphocytic infiltrate with angiotropism, angiocentricity and epidermotropism. Two cases affecting the lip skin exhibited a periappendageal lymphocytic infiltrate. Few large pleomorphic cells were found, surrounded by smaller and medium-sized lymphoid cells, as well as reactive plasma cells, macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils. All lesions exhibited a cytotoxic T-cell (CD8+) phenotype with a variable proliferative index. All cases were associated with EBV, and all patients died due to complications of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: HVLPD is a rare disease that may show oral involvement with a cytotoxic T-cell phenotype, and is strongly associated with EBV. As shown in this series, HVLPD may show aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Hidroa Vaciniforme , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Adulto , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Peru
2.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 131(4): 452-462.e4, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the clinicopathological, molecular, and prognostic features of oral/oropharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma. STUDY DESIGN: All cases were retrieved from 7 Brazilian institutions. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed to confirm the diagnoses and to categorize the tumors. In situ hybridization was used to detect Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to identify gene rearrangements. RESULTS: Most cases involved the oral cavity (76.8%). Males and females, with a mean age of 60 years, were evenly affected. Tumors mostly presented as painful swellings. Forty cases represented germinal center B-cell type (58%). Five cases presented double-hit translocation and 3 harbored rearrangement for MYC/BCL2/BCL6. EBV was detected in 3 cases (4.3%). The 5-year overall survival was 44.4%. Female sex, presence of pain and ulcer, microscopic "starry sky pattern" and necrosis, co-expression of c-Myc/Bcl2, and translocation of MYC were associated with a lower survival in univariate analysis (P = .05, P = .01, P = .01, P = .03, P = .05, P = .006, P = .05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL have a low survival rate. High-grade B-cell lymphoma (17.7%) and EBV-positive DLBCL, not otherwise specified (4.3%) account for a small number of cases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética
3.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-6, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406952

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Placental villitis is characterized by the presence of inflammatory infiltrate in the placental villous. The objective of this study was to characterize in villitis of unknown etiology (VUE) of the human placentas the subpopulation of M1, important effector cells, and M2 macrophages, immunoregulatory cells. METHODS: Sixteen cases of VUE and three control placentas were examined using immunohistochemistry with antibodies for CD3, CD68, CD11c, and CD163. RESULTS: CD11c appeared predominantly in the inflamed villi when compared to the normal areas (p<.001). These cells corresponded to 41.2% of the macrophage population in the inflamed area and were mainly present inside the villi (36%). With regards to CD163, these cells tended to be in higher amounts in the inflamed villi when compared to CD11c and normal areas. DISCUSSION: We conclude that the almost exclusive presence of M1 macrophages in the inflamed areas suggests the influence of these cells in the pathogenesis VUE. The greater amount of M2 in villitis and normal areas suggests a possible immunoregulatory mechanism of the inflammatory process in VUE.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of 62 cases of central odontogenic fibroma (COdF). STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from the records of 13 oral pathology laboratories. All cases were microscopically reviewed, considering the current World Health Organization classification of tumors and were classified according to histopathologic features. RESULTS: There were 43 females and 19 males (average age 33.9 years; range 8-63 years). Clinically, COdF lesions appeared as asymptomatic swellings, occurring similarly in the maxilla (n = 33) and the mandible (n = 29); 9 cases exhibited palatal depression. Imaging revealed well-defined, interradicular unilocular (n = 27), and multilocular (n = 12) radiolucencies, with displacement of contiguous teeth (55%) and root resorption (46.4%). Microscopically, classic features of epithelial-rich (n = 33), amyloid (n = 10), associated giant cell lesion (n = 7), ossifying (n = 6), epithelial-poor (n = 3), and granular cell (n = 3) variants were seen. Langerhans cells were highlighted by CD1a staining in 17 cases. Most patients underwent conservative surgical treatments, with 1 patient experiencing recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the largest clinicopathologic study of COdF. Most cases appeared as locally aggressive lesions located in tooth-bearing areas in middle-aged women. Inactive-appearing odontogenic epithelium is usually observed within a fibrous/fibromyxoid stroma, occasionally exhibiting amyloid deposits, multinucleated giant cells, or granular cells.


Assuntos
Fibroma , Tumores Odontogênicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Fibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibroma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020216, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142395

RESUMO

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (OFMT) is a rare mesenchymal soft tissue benign neoplasm with an uncertain line of differentiation, which arises most frequently in extremities. The head and neck region involvement is uncommon, with only ten intraoral cases published in the English-language literature. One additional case of OFMT is reported here, including a literature review of intraoral reported cases. A 45-year-old female patient presented a painless nodule involving the buccal mucosa of approximately two years duration, measuring nearly 1.3 cm in maximum diameter. The main histopathological features include ovoid to round cells embedded in a fibromyxoid matrix with a perpheral shell of lamellar bone. Immunohistochemically, the tumor showed immunoreactivity for vimentin and S100. No recurrence has been detected after 7 years of follow-up.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Boca
7.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 10(3): 1-16, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247638

RESUMO

Justificativa e Objetivos: A candidíase oral tem uma ocorrência comum em pacientes imunocomprometidos. No entanto, outras infecções emergentes tornaram-se cada vez mais habituais. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a prevalência, os determinantes de virulência e a suscetibilidade a antifúngicos de leveduras que colonizam a mucosa de pacientes imunocomprometidos na região Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 60 pacientes HIV positivos atendidos no Serviço de Atendimento Especializado/Hospital Dia do Hospital Universitário Prof. Alberto Antunes, vinculado à Universidade Federal de Alagoas. As amostras foram coletadas em regiões subgengivais e semeadas em CHROMagar para confirmação presuntiva de Candida spp., seguido por PCR e sequenciamento. Além disso, testamos os determinantes de virulência fosfolipase e protease e avaliamos in vitro a concentração inibitória mínima dos antifúngicos anfotericina B e fluconazol. Este projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de ética em pesquisa do Centro de Estudos Superiores de Maceió. Resultados: Aproximadamente 63% dos pacientes foram colonizados por leveduras. A espécie C. albicans foi predominante, enquanto as espécies de Candida não-albicans representaram 49% dos isolados, sendo C. dubliniensis e C. parapsilosis as mais comuns. Entretanto, C. intermedia, Bullera penniseticola e Naganishia liquefaciens também foram encontrados. Os determinantes da virulência protease e/ou fosfolipase também foram produzidos por Candida spp. e alguns isolados oportunistas incomuns como Kodamaea ohmeri, N. liquefaciens e Saitozyma podzolica. Além disso, a maioria dos isolados de Candida spp. e algumas espécies oportunistas incomuns apresentaram altos valores de concentração inibitória mínima. Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos indicam que C. albicans continua a ser a espécie predominante na cavidade oral de pacientes imunodeficientes e, juntamente com outras espécies incomuns, pode apresentar alta resistência aos antifúngicos testados.(AU)


Background and Objectives: Oral candidiasis has a common occurrence in immunocompromised patients. However, other emergent infections have become increasingly common. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, virulence determinants and the antifungal susceptibility of yeast colonizing the mucosa of immunocompromised patients in Northeastern Brazil. Methods: Samples from sixty HIV-positive patients seen at the Specialized Service / Hospital Dia - Hospital Universitário Prof. Alberto Antunes from the Federal University of Alagoas were collected from subgingival sites and seeded on CHROMagar for presumptive confirmation of Candida spp. followed by PCR and sequencing. In addition, we tested virulence determinants, phospholipase and protease and evaluated in vitro the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of antifungals amphotericin B and fluconazole. This project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Center for Higher Studies in Maceió. Results: Approximately 63% of the patients were colonized by yeasts, with C. albicans as the predominant species, while non-Candida albicans species accounted for 49% of the isolates, with C. dubliniensis and C. parapsilosis being the commonest, but C. intermedia, Bullera penniseticola and Naganishia liquefaciens were also found. The virulence determinants protease and/or phospholipase were also produced by Candida spp. and some uncommon opportunistic isolates such as Kodamaea ohmeri, N. liquefaciens and Saitozyma podzolica. Furthermore, most of Candida spp. strains and some uncommon opportunistic species showed high values of minimal inhibitory concentration. Conclusion: Results obtained indicate that C. albicans continues to be the predominant species in oral cavity of immunodeficient patients and along with other unusual species may present high resistance to the antifungals tested.(AU)


Justificación y Objetivos: La candidiasis oral acomete con frecuencia a pacientes inmunocomprometidos. Sin embargo, otras infecciones emergentes se han vuelto cada vez más comunes. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la prevalencia, la producción de determinantes de virulencia y la susceptibilidad a antifúngicos de levaduras que colonizan la mucosa de pacientes inmunocomprometidos en la región Nordeste de Brasil. Métodos: Se colectaron muestras de sesenta pacientes VIH positivos atendidos en el Servicio de Atención Especializado/Hospital Día del Hospital Universitario Prof. Alberto Antunes, vinculado a la Universidad Federal de Alagoas. Se colectaron las muestras en las regiones subgingivales y las sembraron en CHROMagar para la presunta confirmación de Candida spp. seguido de PCR y secuenciación. Además, analizamos los determinantes de virulencia fosfolipasa y proteasa y evaluamos in vitro la concentración mínima inhibitoria de los antifúngicos anfotericina B y fluconazol. Este proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Centro de Estudios Superiores de Maceió. Resultados: Aproximadamente el 63% de los pacientes fueron colonizados por levaduras, y la C. albicans fue la especie predominante, mientras que las especies de Candida no-albicans representaron el 49% de los aislamientos, de las cuales la C. dubliniensis y la C. parapsilosis fueron las más comunes. Sin embargo, también se encontraron C. intermedia, Bullera penniseticola y Naganishia liquefaciens. Los determinantes de virulencia de proteasa y/o fosfolipasa también fueron producidos por Candida spp. y algunos aislados oportunistas inusuales como Kodamaea ohmeri, N. liquefaciens y Saitozyma podzolica. Además, la mayoría de los asilados de Candida spp. y algunas especies oportunistas inusuales mostraron valores altos de concentración mínima inhibitoria. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos indican que C. albicans continúa siendo la especie predominante en la cavidad oral de pacientes inmunodeprimidos y, junto con otras especies poco comunes, puede presentar una alta resistencia a los antifúngicos evaluados.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Virulência , Leveduras/virologia , Candida , Candidíase Bucal , Fatores de Virulência , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Antifúngicos , Prevalência , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida
8.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 28(4): 421-426, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786969

RESUMO

This study reports 2 odontogenic carcinosarcomas, including the clinicopathologic and immunoprofile characteristics of these rare tumors. The first case occurred in a 22-year-old male presenting a bilobular mass involving the gingiva and bone of the premolar region of the left mandible, with paresthesia of the lower lip. Microscopic examination revealed a tumor similar to ameloblastic fibrosarcoma, with atypical mesenchymal cells; however, the odontogenic epithelium also showed atypia. In the second case, a 16-year-old female had a painless, asymptomatic, large intraosseous mandibular lesion. The patient received radiotherapy to treat a rhabdomyosarcoma of the parotid 13 years before. The tumor was composed of atypical spindle cells, positive for vimentin and smooth muscle actin, intermingled with malignant odontogenic epithelium. Both epithelial and mesenchymal components of the tumors showed high index of p53- and Ki67-positive cells. The first case was diagnosed as odontogenic carcinosarcoma possibly originated from an ameloblastic fibrosarcoma, and the second as de novo odontogenic carcinosarcoma possibly caused by previous radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinossarcoma/diagnóstico , Mandíbula/patologia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/diagnóstico , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico , Biópsia , Carcinossarcoma/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Fibrossarcoma/diagnóstico , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Gengiva/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Mandibulares/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Radiografia Panorâmica , Rabdomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
9.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(6): e739-e745, nov. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few cases or periimplant peripheral giant cell lesions (PGCL) have been reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to report 13 new cases of peri-implant PGCL and compare the expression of smooth muscle actin, Bcl-2 protein, GLUT-1, CD68, osteoprotegerin, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B, Ki-67 and CD34 in these cases with PGCL and central giant cell lesions (CGCL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrieved from the laboratory records and histological analysis was performed using HE-stained slides. Immunohistochemical reactions for the above mentioned antibodies were performed and digitally scored. RESULTS: Peri-implant PGCL mostly affected the posterior mandible of adult females. CD68 and Bcl-2 expressions were higher in conventional PGCL and CGCL than in peri-implant PGCL (p = 0.033 for CD68 and p < 0.0001 for Bcl-2). Microvessel density was higher in conventional peripheral than in central and peri-implant PGCL (p = 0.002). Proliferative index of the mononuclear cells showed no statistically significant differences comparing the three groups but it was higher in peri-implant PGCL. CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrated that peri-implant PGCL is more common in the posterior mandible of adult females. There were some differences in microvessel density, proliferative activity and expression of CD68 and Bcl-2 among conventional PGCL, peri-implant and CGCL. Further studies are encouraged to better understand these early findings


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Granuloma de Células Gigantes/cirurgia , Granuloma de Células Gigantes/patologia , Doenças da Gengiva/cirurgia , Doenças da Gengiva/patologia , Implantação Dentária , Imuno-Histoquímica
10.
Hum Pathol ; 85: 279-289, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468799

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction is caused by an imbalance in the fission and fusion processes, and it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several human cancers. However, the role of mitochondrial markers in melanomas still remains poorly understood. In this study, the authors assessed the expression of 3 mitochondrial markers (antimitochondrial, fission protein 1 [FIS1], and mitofusin 2 [MFN2]) in a series of head and neck mucosal and cutaneous melanomas. Patients with cutaneous (n = 56) and mucosal (oral, n = 30, sinonasal, n = 26) melanomas of the head and neck region were enrolled in this study. Clinical and follow-up data were retrieved from medical records. The expression of 3 mitochondrial markers was assessed by the immunohistochemistry, and then digitally quantified and correlated with clinicopathological data and outcome information. In the multivariate model, high mitochondrial content was identified as an independent prognostic value for disease-free survival (DFS) in cutaneous melanomas and overall survival in oral melanomas. FIS1 expression was significantly associated with lower overall survival rates in patients with oral melanomas and strictly correlated with vascular invasion in mucosal melanomas. MFN2 was associated with high risk of distant metastasis in patients with cutaneous melanomas. In summary, the authors demonstrated that mitochondrial content, along with FIS1 and MFN2 expressions, is correlated with important clinicopathological characteristics in patients with cutaneous and mucosal head and neck melanomas.


Assuntos
GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Melanoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 9(12): e1487-e1491, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29410767

RESUMO

The antimalarials are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for conditions such as lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, and the side effects, though infrequent, are well known. The antimalarial agent chloroquine diphosphate usually causes pigmentary changes in the oral mucosa characterized by a bluish-grey to black discolorations mainly in the hard palate. Considering only the hard palate hyperpigmentation caused by chloroquine, to the best of our knowledge, only 13 cases have been reported in the English language literature. We described an additional case of palate hyperpigmentation related to the chronic use of chloroquine diphosphate in a 60-year-old Mexican woman. Although the diagnosis is usually made based on medication history and clinical presentation, a biopsy specimen may be helpful to confirm the diagnosis. Clinicians must be aware of these drugs and their adverse effects in order to make the correct diagnosis and decide on the optimal treatment for the condition. Key words:Oral cavity, hard palate, hyperpigmentation, chloroquine, antimalarials.

12.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 59(1): 34-41, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25926112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors associated with hypovitaminosis D in adult patients infected with HIV/aids, at a referral hospital in Maceió, Brazil. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 125 patients evaluated from April to September 2013 by means of interviews, review of medical records, physical examination, and laboratory tests. The data were analyzed using the SPSS® software, version 17.0; the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and mean levels of vitamin D were determined. The association between hypovitaminosis D and the independent variables was assessed using the Chi-square or the Fisher's exact tests; mean vitamin D concentrations were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests. The level of significance was set at 5% across tests. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D was 24%, with a significant association with higher household income (p < 0.05). Higher vitamin D levels were associated with female gender (p < 0.001), no use of sunscreen (p < 0.05), and previous opportunistic infections (p < 0.01). Lower values were associated with the use of antiretroviral medication (p < 0.05), overweight and obesity (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Lower vitamin D concentrations were significantly associated with well-known risk factors for hypovitaminosis D: use of sunscreen, antiretroviral medication, overweight, and obesity. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in this study, considering values > 20 ng/mL or > 30 ng/mL as vitamin D sufficiency, was lower to that of previous studies with HIV-infected patients, a fact that might be related to the low latitude and high intensity of solar radiation of the location of the present study.


Assuntos
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/etiologia , Vitamina D/sangue , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Protetores Solares/administração & dosagem , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/virologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(1): 34-41, 02/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-746440

RESUMO

Objective To investigate risk factors associated with hypovitaminosis D in adult patients infected with HIV/aids, at a referral hospital in Maceió, Brazil. Subjects and methods This cross-sectional study involved 125 patients evaluated from April to September 2013 by means of interviews, review of medical records, physical examination, and laboratory tests. The data were analyzed using the SPSS® software, version 17.0; the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and mean levels of vitamin D were determined. The association between hypovitaminosis D and the independent variables was assessed using the Chi-square or the Fisher’s exact tests; mean vitamin D concentrations were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests. The level of significance was set at 5% across tests. Results The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D was 24%, with a significant association with higher household income (p < 0.05). Higher vitamin D levels were associated with female gender (p < 0.001), no use of sunscreen (p < 0.05), and previous opportunistic infections (p < 0.01). Lower values were associated with the use of antiretroviral medication (p < 0.05), overweight and obesity (p < 0.01). Conclusion Lower vitamin D concentrations were significantly associated with well-known risk factors for hypovitaminosis D: use of sunscreen, antiretroviral medication, overweight, and obesity. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in this study, considering values > 20 ng/mL or > 30 ng/mL as vitamin D sufficiency, was lower to that of previous studies with HIV-infected patients, a fact that might be related to the low latitude and high intensity of solar radiation of the location of the present study. .


Objetivo Investigar fatores de risco associados à hipovitaminose D em pacientes adultos infectados por HIV/aids, num centro de referência em Maceió-AL. Sujeitos e métodos Por meio de desenho transversal, 125 pacientes foram avaliados por entrevista, revisão de prontuário, exame físico e laboratorial, no período de abril a setembro de 2013. Os dados foram analisados por meio do software SPSS®, versão 17.0, sendo determinados a prevalência de hipovitaminose D e os níveis médios de vitamina D. Para avaliação da associação entre hipovitaminose D e as variáveis pesquisadas, foram utilizados o teste Qui-quadrado ou o teste exato de Fisher, enquanto para os níveis médios de vitamina D foram utilizados os testes Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis. O nível de significância foi de 5% para todos os testes. Resultados Foi observada prevalência de hipovitaminose D de 24% com associação significativa com maior renda familiar (p < 0,05); níveis de vitamina D mais altos nas mulheres (p < 0,001), em pacientes que não faziam uso de filtro solar (p < 0,05) e naqueles com infecções oportunistas pregressas (p < 0,01). Valores mais baixos foram associados ao uso de antirretrovirais (p < 0,05), sobrepeso e obesidade (p < 0,01). Conclusão Níveis mais baixos de vitamina D estiveram significativamente associados com tradicionais fatores de risco para hipovitaminose D como uso de filtro solar e antirretrovirais, sobrepeso e obesidade. A prevalência de hipovitaminose encontrada, considerando suficiência de vitamina D tanto para valores acima de 20 ng/mL quanto de 30 ng/mL, foi inferior a estudos anteriores em pacientes infectados pelo HIV, fato que pode estar relacionado às características da localidade do estudo, com baixa latitude e elevada incidência solar. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/etiologia , Vitamina D/sangue , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Protetores Solares/administração & dosagem , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/virologia
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