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1.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(4): 196, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metadherin (MTDH) and ubiquitin specific protease 7 (USP7) have been identified to involve in the tumorigenesis of cervical cancer (CC). USP7 is one of the deubiquitinating enzymes. Here, this study aimed to explore whether USP7 affected CC progression via interacting with MTDH and regulating its stability via deubiquitination. METHODS: qRT-PCR and western blotting assays detected the levels of genes and proteins. Functional analysis was conducted using 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), flow cytometry, transwell, and tube formation assays, respectively. Proteins between USP7 and MTDH were identified by co-immunoprecipitation assay. A mouse xenograft model was established for in vivo analysis. RESULTS: MTDH was highly expressed in CC tissues and cells, silencing of MTDH suppressed CC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, angiogenesis, and macrophage M2 polarization. Mechanistically, USP7 directly bound to MTDH, and maintained its stability by removing ubiquitination on MTDH. CC tissues and cells showed high USP7 expression, and USP7 knockdown also inhibited CC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, angiogenesis and macrophage M2 polarization, and these effects mediated by USP7 knockdown were reversed by MTDH overexpression. Moreover, USP7 knockdown impeded CC growth in vivo by regulating MTDH. CONCLUSION: Collectively, USP7 promoted CC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, angiogenesis, and macrophage M2 polarization in vitro, as well as tumor growth in vivo by regulating MTDH.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Peptidase 7 Específica de Ubiquitina , Fatores de Transcrição , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Carcinogênese , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573883

RESUMO

Artificial synaptic devices are emerging as contenders for next-generation computing systems due to their combined advantages of self-adaptive learning mechanisms, high parallel computation capabilities, adjustable memory level, and energy efficiency. Optoelectronic devices are particularly notable for their responsiveness to both voltage inputs and light exposure, making them attractive for dynamic modulation. However, engineering devices with reconfigurable synaptic plasticity and multilevel memory within a singular configuration present a fundamental challenge. Here, we have established an organic transistor-based synaptic device that exhibits both volatile and nonvolatile memory characteristics, modulated through gate voltage together with light stimuli. Our device demonstrates a range of synaptic behaviors, including both short/long-term plasticity (STP and LTP) as well as STP-LTP transitions. Further, as an encoding unit, it delivers exceptional read current levels, achieving a program/erase current ratio exceeding 105, with excellent repeatability. Additionally, a prototype 4 × 4 matrix demonstrates potential in practical neuromorphic systems, showing capabilities in the perception, processing, and memory retention of image inputs.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202406069, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630112

RESUMO

The construction of C(sp3)-N bonds via direct N-centered radical addition with olefins under benign conditions is a desirable but challenging strategy. Herein, we describe an organo-photocatalytic approach to achieve anti-Markovnikov alkene hydroamidation with sulfonyl azides in a highly efficient manner under transition-metal-free and mild conditions. A broad range of substrates, including both activated and unactivated alkenes, are suitable for this protocol, providing a convenient and practical method to construct sulfonylamide derivatives. A synergistic experimental and computational mechanistic study suggests that the additive, Hantzsch ester (HE), might undergo a triplet-triplet energy transfer manner to achieve photosensitization by the organo-photocatalyst under visible light irradiation. Next, the resulted triplet excited state 3HE* could lead to a homolytic cleavage of C4-H bond, which triggers a straightforward H-atom transfer (HAT) style in converting sulfonyl azide to the corresponding key amidyl radical. Subsequently, radical addition of the amidyl radical to alkenes followed by HAT from p-toluenethiol could proceed to afford the desired anti-Markovnikov hydroamidation product. It is worth noting that mechanistic pathway bifurcation could be possible for this reaction. A feasible radical chain propagation mechanistic pathway is also proposed to rationalize the high efficiency of this reaction.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628106

RESUMO

Spin-coated quasi-two-dimensional halide perovskite films, which exhibit superior optoelectronic properties and environmental stability, have recently been extensively studied for lasers. Crystallinity is of great importance for the laser performance. Although some parameters related to the spin-coating process have been studied, the in-depth understanding and effective control of the acceleration rate on two-dimensional perovskite crystallization during spin-coating are still unknown. Here we investigate the effect of solvent evaporation on the microstructure of the final perovskite films during the spin-coating process. The crystallization quality of the film can be significantly improved by controlling solvent evaporation. As a result, the prepared quasi-2D perovskite film exhibits a stimulated emission threshold (pump: 343 nm, 6 kHz, 290 fs) of 550 nm as low as 16.2 µJ/cm2. Transient absorption characterization shows that the radiative biexciton recombination time is reduced from 738.5 to 438.3 ps, benefiting from the improved crystallinity. The faster biexciton recombination significantly enhanced the photoluminescence efficiency, which is critical for population inversion. This work could contribute to the development of low-threshold lasers.

5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 333: 121999, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494241

RESUMO

Chitosan and chitooligosaccharide (COS) are renowned for their potent antimicrobial prowess, yet the precise antimicrobial efficacy of COS remains elusive due to scant structural information about the utilized saccharides. This study delves into the antimicrobial potential of COS, spotlighting a distinct hetero-chitooligosaccharide dubbed DACOS. In contrast to other COS, DACOS remarkably fosters the growth of Candida tropicalis planktonic cells and fungal biofilms. Employing gradient alcohol precipitation, DACOS was fractionated, unveiling diverse structural characteristics and differential impacts on C. tropicalis. Notably, in a murine model of systemic candidiasis, DACOS, particularly its 70 % alcohol precipitates, manifests a promotive effect on Candida infection. This research unveils a new pathway for exploring the intricate nexus between the structural attributes of chitosan oligosaccharides and their physiological repercussions, underscoring the imperative of crafting chitosan and COS with meticulously defined structural configurations.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Quitosana , Oligossacarídeos , Animais , Camundongos , Candida tropicalis , Quitosana/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Biofilmes
6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1298669, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450131

RESUMO

Purpose: This study investigated the satisfaction of current community-based home care services and its factors in adults aged ≥60 years. Methods: Using stratified cluster random sampling, we surveyed 1,494 older adults in Jinan and Qingdao, Shandong province, between 2021 and 2023. The baseline and satisfaction surveys were designed by our research team, and the questionnaires were conducted in the form of structured interviews. Kruskal-Wallis H-test and Logistic regression analysis were used to explore the influencing factors of satisfaction. Results: The satisfaction was mainly affected by age (p = 0.007), marital status (p < 0.001), pre-retirement occupation (p = 0.003), economic source (p < 0.001), and mode of residence (p = 0.001) in the study of 1,494 older adults. Under the influence of multiple factors, the evaluation of older adults services, married [OR = 4.039, 95% CI: 1.176-13.877] were more inclined to be average, and their occupations were agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery, and water production workers [OR = 0. 237, 95% CI: 0.068-0.819] and production and transportation equipment operators and related personnel [OR = 0.153, 95% CI: 0.024-0.966] or [OR = 0.153, 95% CI: 0.029-0.820] tended to be more dissatisfied. Conclusion: The satisfaction level of community-based home care services is relatively high among older adults, and it is mainly affected by factors such as age, marital status, pre-retirement occupation, source of financial resources, and mode of residence. Addressing the emotional needs of older adults, lowering the cost of aging, and integrating health care and aging seamlessly are among the ongoing challenges that we need to tackle.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , China , Satisfação Pessoal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Addict Biol ; 29(3): e13382, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488467

RESUMO

Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly addictive psycho-stimulant that induces addictive behaviour by stimulating increased dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). The sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion transport ATPases (SERCA or ATP2A) is a calcium ion (Ca2+) pump in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. SERCA2b is a SERCA subtype mainly distributed in the central nervous system. This study used conditioned place preference (CPP), a translational drug reward model, to observe the effects of SERCA and SERCA2b on METH-CPP in mice. Result suggested that the activity of SERCA was significantly decreased in NAc after METH-CPP. Intraperitoneal SERCA agonist CDN1163 injection or bilateral CDN1163 microinjection in the NAc inhibited METH-CPP formation. SERCA2b overexpression by the Adeno-associated virus can reduce the DA release of NAc and inhibit METH-CPP formation. Although microinjection of SERCA inhibitor thapsigargin in the bilateral NAc did not significantly aggravate METH-CPP, interference with SERCA2b expression in NAc by adeno-associated virus increased DA release and promoted METH-CPP formation. METH reduced the SERCA ability to transport Ca2+ into the ER in SHSY5Y cells in vitro, which was reversed by CDN1163. This study revealed that METH dysregulates intracellular calcium balance by downregulating SERCA2b function, increasing DA release in NAc and inducing METH-CPP formation. Drugs that target SERCA2b may have the potential to treat METH addiction.


Assuntos
Benzamidas , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central , Metanfetamina , Camundongos , Animais , Metanfetamina/farmacologia , Metanfetamina/metabolismo , Núcleo Accumbens , Cálcio/metabolismo , Aminoquinolinas/metabolismo , Aminoquinolinas/farmacologia , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacologia , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo
8.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 2884-2893, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297806

RESUMO

We numerically investigate the figures of merit for single-photon emission in a planar GaAs-on-insulator waveguide featuring a V-groove geometry. Thanks to a field enhancement effect arising due to boundary conditions of this waveguide, the structure features an ultra-small mode area enabling a factor of a maximum 2.8 times enhancement of the Purcell factor for quantum dot and a more significant 7 times enhancement for the atomic-size solid-state emitters with the aligned dipole orientation. In addition, the coupling efficiency to the fundamental quasi-TE mode is also improved. To take into account potential on-chip integration, we further show that the V-groove mode profile can be converted using a tapering section to the mode profile of a standard ridge waveguide while maintaining both the high Purcell factor and the good fundamental mode coupling efficiency.

9.
Small ; : e2311500, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372501

RESUMO

Singlet oxygen (term symbol 1 Δg , hereafter 1 O2 ), a reactive oxygen species, has recently attracted increasing interest in the field of rechargeable batteries and electrocatalysis and photocatalysis. These sustainable energy conversion and storage technologies are of vital significance to replace fossil fuels and promote carbon neutrality and finally tackle the energy crisis and climate change. Herein, the recent progresses of 1 O2 for energy storage and conversion is summarized, including physical and chemical properties, formation mechanisms, detection technologies, side reactions in rechargeable batteries and corresponding inhibition strategies, and applications in electrocatalysis and photocatalysis. The formation mechanisms and inhibition strategies of 1 O2 in particular aprotic lithium-oxygen (Li-O2 ) batteries are highlighted, and the applications of 1 O2 in photocatalysis and electrocatalysis is also emphasized. Moreover, the confronting challenges and promising directions of 1 O2 in energy conversion and storage systems are discussed.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e37069, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363935

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adult-type granulosa cell tumors (AGCTs), which account for 2% to 5% of all malignant ovarian tumors, are rare sex cord-stromal tumors that usually secrete excess estrogens, but they can also secrete androgens. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report 2 patients of childbearing age with AGCT who presented with the complaint of abnormal menstruation and elevated luteinizing hormone (LH), and mildly elevated testosterone. DIAGNOSIS: The ovarian tumors had hormonal activity. INTERVENTIONS: The 2 patients underwent laparoscopic left adnexectomy. The second patient underwent 4 cycles of chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin as adjuvant treatments. OUTCOMES: Their postoperative pathology confirmed AGCTs. Also, their menstrual cycle returned to normal, with normal serum LH and testosterone levels. There was no sign of recurrence. CONCLUSION: The cases suggest that elevated serum LH levels may be a sign of unknown tumors in cases of oligomenorrhea or secondary amenorrhea. It is useful to evaluate the serum levels of inhibin B and anti-Müllerian hormone to improve the early recognition of ovarian granulosa cell tumors.


Assuntos
Tumor de Células da Granulosa , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/diagnóstico , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/cirurgia , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/patologia , Hormônio Luteinizante , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Amenorreia/etiologia , Testosterona
11.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 77(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366661

RESUMO

This study aims to isolate microbial strains for producing mono-rhamnolipids with high proportion. Oily sludge is rich in petroleum and contains diverse biosurfactant-producing strains. A biosurfactant-producing strain LP20 was isolated from oily sludge, identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa based on phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA. High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry results indicated that biosurfactants produced from LP20 were rhamnolipids, mainly containing Rha-C8-C10, Rha-C10-C10, Rha-Rha-C8-C10, Rha-Rha-C10-C10, Rha-C10-C12:1, and Rha-C10-C12. Interestingly, more mono-rhamnolipids were produced by strain LP20 with a relative abundance of 64.5%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa LP20 optimally produced rhamnolipids at a pH of 7.0 and a salinity of 0.1% using glycerol and nitrate. The culture medium for rhamnolipids by strain LP20 was optimized by response surface methodology. LP20 produced rhamnolipids up to 6.9 g L-1, increased by 116%. Rhamnolipids produced from LP20 decreased the water surface tension to 28.1 mN m-1 with a critical micelle concentration of 60 mg L-1. The produced rhamnolipids emulsified many hydrocarbons with EI24 values higher than 56% and showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Cladosporium sp. with inhibition rates 48.5% and 17.9%, respectively. Pseudomonas aeruginosa LP20 produced more proportion of mono-rhamnolipids, and the LP20 rhamnolipids exhibited favorable activities and promising potential in microbial-enhanced oil recovery, bioremediation, and agricultural biocontrol.


Assuntos
Decanoatos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Ramnose/análogos & derivados , Esgotos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Glicolipídeos , Tensoativos/farmacologia
12.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 51, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Predicting mortality in the emergency department (ED) is imperative to guide palliative care and end-of-life decisions. However, the clinical usefulness of utilizing the existing screening tools still leaves something to be desired. METHODS: We advanced the screening tool with the A-qCPR (Age, qSOFA (quick sepsis-related organ failure assessment), cancer, Performance Status Scale, and DNR (Do-Not-Resuscitate) risk score model for predicting one-year mortality in the emergency department of Taipei City Hospital of Taiwan with the potential of hospice need and evaluated its performance compared with the existing screening model. We adopted a large retrospective cohort in conjunction with in-time (the trained and the holdout validation cohort) for the development of the A-qCPR model and out-of-time validation sample for external validation and model robustness to variation with the calendar year. RESULTS: A total of 10,474 patients were enrolled in the training cohort and 33,182 patients for external validation. Significant risk scores included age (0.05 per year), qSOFA ≥ 2 (4), Cancer (5), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status score ≥ 2 (2), and DNR status (2). One-year mortality rates were 13.6% for low (score ≦ 3 points), 29.9% for medium (3 < Score ≦ 9 points), and 47.1% for high categories (Score > 9 points). The AUROC curve for the in-time validation sample was 0.76 (0.74-0.78). However, the corresponding figure was slightly shrunk to 0.69 (0.69-0.70) based on out-of-time validation. The accuracy with our newly developed A-qCPR model was better than those existing tools including 0.57 (0.56-0.57) by using SQ (surprise question), 0.54 (0.54-0.54) by using qSOFA, and 0.59 (0.59-0.59) by using ECOG performance status score. Applying the A-qCPR model to emergency departments since 2017 has led to a year-on-year increase in the proportion of patients or their families signing DNR documents, which had not been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: The A-qCPR model is not only effective in predicting one-year mortality but also in identifying hospice needs. Advancing the screening tool that has been widely used for hospice in various scenarios is particularly helpful for facilitating the end-of-life decision-making process in the ED.


Assuntos
Hospitais para Doentes Terminais , Neoplasias , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pandemias , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Morte , Prognóstico
13.
Hypertens Res ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321103

RESUMO

The prospective cohort study was to explore the association between serum uric acid (SUA) and arterial stiffness in a Chinese hypertensive population. A total of 7444 participants with hypertension who completed two or more measurements of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and baseline SUA detection were followed-up in the Kailuan Study from 2010 to 2020. A restricted cubic spline curve was used to verify whether there was a linear association between baseline SUA and arterial stiffness. A Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to explore the association of between baseline SUA and the incidence of arterial stiffness. Our results showed that the restricted cubic spline curve revealed a linear relationship between baseline SUA and arterial stiffness in total participants (p < 0.001). After follow-up 4.6 ± 2.8 years, Kaplan-Meier survival curves indicated that the risk of arterial stiffness was increased in the high level of baseline SUA (Log-rank p = 0.0002). After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the HR (95% CI) for risk of stiffness was 1.33 (1.17-1.52, p < 0.001) in the highest SUA group. Hierarchical analysis showed that the HRs (95% CI) for risk of arterial stiffness were 1.45 (1.25-1.69), 1.38 (1.19-1.60), 1.41 (1.21-1.64), and 1.35 (1.15-1.58) in the highest SUA group of males, <65 years old, not taking antihypertensive drugs, and failure to achieve the control targets of blood pressure respectively (p < 0.001). These results reveal that high SUA is a risk factor for arterial stiffness in the Chinese hypertensive population.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(3)2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339584

RESUMO

In the face of complex scenarios, the information insufficiency of classification tasks dominated by a single modality has led to a bottleneck in classification performance. The joint application of multimodal remote sensing data for surface observation tasks has garnered widespread attention. However, issues such as sample differences between modalities and the lack of correlation in physical features have limited the performance of classification tasks. Establishing effective interaction between multimodal data has become another significant challenge. To fully integrate heterogeneous information from multiple modalities and enhance classification performance, this paper proposes a dual-branch cross-Transformer feature fusion network aimed at joint land cover classification of hyperspectral imagery (HSI) and Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data. The core idea is to leverage the potential of convolutional operators to represent spatial features, combined with the advantages of the Transformer architecture in learning remote dependencies. The framework employs an improved self-attention mechanism to aggregate features within each modality, highlighting the spectral information of HSI and the spatial (elevation) information of LiDAR. The feature fusion module based on cross-attention integrates deep features from two modalities, achieving complementary information through cross-modal attention. The classification task is performed using jointly obtained spectral and spatial features. Experiments were conducted on three multi-source remote sensing classification datasets, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed model compared to existing methods.

15.
J. physiol. biochem ; 80(1): 189-204, Feb. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-576

RESUMO

Delayed wound healing is an urgent clinical issue. Cellular communication involving exosome-borne cargo such as miRNA is a critical mechanism involved in wound healing. This study isolated and identified human adipose tissue-derived exosomes (Exo-ATs). The specific effects of Exo-ATs on keratinocytes and fibroblasts were examined. Enriched miRNAs in Exo-ATs were analyzed, and miR-92a-3p was selected. The transfer of Exo-ATs-derived miR-92a-3p to keratinocytes and fibroblasts was verified. miR-92a-3p binding to LATS2 was examined and the dynamic effects of the miR-92a-3p/LATS2 axis were investigated. In a dorsal skin wound model, the in vivo effects of Exo-ATs on wound healing were examined. Exo-AT incubation increased keratinocytes and fibroblast proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. miR-92a-3p, enriched in Exo-ATs, could be transferred to keratinocytes and fibroblasts, resulting in enhanced proliferation, migration, and ECM accumulation. Large tumor suppressor kinase 2 (LATS2) was a direct target of miR-92a-3p. miR-92a-3p inhibitor effects on keratinocytes and fibroblasts could be partially reversed by LATS2 knockdown. In a dorsal skin wound model, Exo-ATs accelerated wound healing through enhanced cell proliferation, collagen deposition, re-epithelialization, and YAP/TAZ activation. In conclusion, Exo-ATs improve skin wound healing by promoting keratinocyte and fibroblast migration and proliferation and collagen production by fibroblast, which could be partially eliminated by miR-92a inhibition through its downstream target LATS2 and the YAP/TAZ signaling. (AU)


Assuntos
Exossomos , Cicatrização , Proliferação de Células
16.
J. physiol. biochem ; 80(1): 189-204, Feb. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229950

RESUMO

Delayed wound healing is an urgent clinical issue. Cellular communication involving exosome-borne cargo such as miRNA is a critical mechanism involved in wound healing. This study isolated and identified human adipose tissue-derived exosomes (Exo-ATs). The specific effects of Exo-ATs on keratinocytes and fibroblasts were examined. Enriched miRNAs in Exo-ATs were analyzed, and miR-92a-3p was selected. The transfer of Exo-ATs-derived miR-92a-3p to keratinocytes and fibroblasts was verified. miR-92a-3p binding to LATS2 was examined and the dynamic effects of the miR-92a-3p/LATS2 axis were investigated. In a dorsal skin wound model, the in vivo effects of Exo-ATs on wound healing were examined. Exo-AT incubation increased keratinocytes and fibroblast proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. miR-92a-3p, enriched in Exo-ATs, could be transferred to keratinocytes and fibroblasts, resulting in enhanced proliferation, migration, and ECM accumulation. Large tumor suppressor kinase 2 (LATS2) was a direct target of miR-92a-3p. miR-92a-3p inhibitor effects on keratinocytes and fibroblasts could be partially reversed by LATS2 knockdown. In a dorsal skin wound model, Exo-ATs accelerated wound healing through enhanced cell proliferation, collagen deposition, re-epithelialization, and YAP/TAZ activation. In conclusion, Exo-ATs improve skin wound healing by promoting keratinocyte and fibroblast migration and proliferation and collagen production by fibroblast, which could be partially eliminated by miR-92a inhibition through its downstream target LATS2 and the YAP/TAZ signaling. (AU)


Assuntos
Exossomos , Cicatrização , Proliferação de Células
17.
Chem Biodivers ; 21(4): e202302053, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270380

RESUMO

Five compounds (1-5), one long-chain fatty acid (1), two thiophenes (2 and 3), one alkaloid (4), and one phenyl ester (5), were isolated from the aerial part of Echinops davuricus. The structures of the products were established by performing detailed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis, and the structure of compound 1 was determined via high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS) and NMR. Compounds 1, 4, and 5 were isolated from Echinops davuricus for the first time. Based on network pharmacology methods, AKR1B10 was selected as a key anticancer target. Compounds 1 and 5 exhibited significant AKR1B10 inhibitory activities, with IC50 values of 156.0±1.00 and 146.2±1.50 nM, respectively, with epalrestat used as the positive control (81.09±0.61 nM). Additionally, the interactions between the active compounds and AKR1B10 were evaluated via molecular docking. Ultimately, the GO and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that the key signaling pathways associated with the active compounds may be related to the PI3K-Akt, MAPK, apoptotic, cellular senescence, and TNF signaling pathways and the human diseases corresponding to the targets are cancer. Our study reveals for the first time the anticancer properties of Echinops davuricus and provides a comprehensive understanding of its application in traditional medicine.

18.
J Physiol Biochem ; 80(1): 189-204, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38041784

RESUMO

Delayed wound healing is an urgent clinical issue. Cellular communication involving exosome-borne cargo such as miRNA is a critical mechanism involved in wound healing. This study isolated and identified human adipose tissue-derived exosomes (Exo-ATs). The specific effects of Exo-ATs on keratinocytes and fibroblasts were examined. Enriched miRNAs in Exo-ATs were analyzed, and miR-92a-3p was selected. The transfer of Exo-ATs-derived miR-92a-3p to keratinocytes and fibroblasts was verified. miR-92a-3p binding to LATS2 was examined and the dynamic effects of the miR-92a-3p/LATS2 axis were investigated. In a dorsal skin wound model, the in vivo effects of Exo-ATs on wound healing were examined. Exo-AT incubation increased keratinocytes and fibroblast proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. miR-92a-3p, enriched in Exo-ATs, could be transferred to keratinocytes and fibroblasts, resulting in enhanced proliferation, migration, and ECM accumulation. Large tumor suppressor kinase 2 (LATS2) was a direct target of miR-92a-3p. miR-92a-3p inhibitor effects on keratinocytes and fibroblasts could be partially reversed by LATS2 knockdown. In a dorsal skin wound model, Exo-ATs accelerated wound healing through enhanced cell proliferation, collagen deposition, re-epithelialization, and YAP/TAZ activation. In conclusion, Exo-ATs improve skin wound healing by promoting keratinocyte and fibroblast migration and proliferation and collagen production by fibroblast, which could be partially eliminated by miR-92a inhibition through its downstream target LATS2 and the YAP/TAZ signaling.


Assuntos
Exossomos , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Exossomos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Cicatrização , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética
19.
Fitoterapia ; 172: 105742, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37952764

RESUMO

Ten compounds (1-10) including one new neoclerodane diterpenoid (1) and nine known compounds were isolated from the whole plants of Ajuga nipponensis. Their structures were established by performing detailed analysis of NMR, the structure of 1 was determined using HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, UV, and IR. Compounds 1 and 4-10 were isolated from Ajuga nipponensis for the first time. And it was the first time to report compounds 9 and 10 as natural products. Based on network pharmacology methods, 45 key targets were selected, which were compounds mapping to diseases. And compounds 2, 3, 7, and a (ajugacumbin B) exhibited excellent AKR1B10 inhibitory activities, with IC50 values of 53.05 ± 0.75, 87.22 ± 0.85, 61.85 ± 0.66, and 85.19±1.02 nM respectively, with Epalrestat used as the positive control (82.09 ± 1.62 nM). Additionally, the interaction between active compounds and AKR1B10 had been discussed according to the molecular docking results. Ultimately, the analysis of GO and KEGG enrichment indicated that the key signaling pathway of the active compounds may be related to prostate cancer. Our study results demonstrate the hypoglycemic and anti-tumor properties of A. nipponensis for the first time, and provide a comprehensive understanding of its application in traditional medicine. Furthermore, this article establishes a reference for further research on the optimized experimental design of novel AKR1B10 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Ajuga , Ajuga/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Medicina Tradicional
20.
Environ Res ; 242: 117754, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38016497

RESUMO

Submerged macrophytes play important roles in nutrient cycling and are widely used in ecological restoration to alleviate eutrophication and improve water quality in lakes. Epiphytic microbial communities on leaves of submerged macrophytes might promote nitrogen cycling, but the mechanisms and quantification of their contributions remain unclear. Here, four types of field zones with different nutrient levels and submerged macrophytes, eutrophic + Vallisneria natans (EV), eutrophic + V. natans + Hydrilla verticillata, mesotrophic + V. natans + H. verticillata, and eutrophic without macrophytes were selected to investigate the microbial communities that involved in nitrification and denitrification. The alpha diversity of bacterial community was higher in the phyllosphere than in the water, and that of H. verticillata was higher compared to V. natans. Bacterial community structures differed significantly between the four zones. The highest relative abundance of dominant bacterioplankton genera involved in nitrification and denitrification was observed in the EV zone. Similarly, the alpha diversity of the epiphytic ammonia-oxidizing archaea and nosZI-type denitrifiers were highest in the EV zone. Consist with the diversity patterns, the potential denitrification rates were higher in the phyllosphere than those in the water. Higher potential denitrification rates in the phyllosphere were also found in H. verticillata than those in V. natans. Anammox was not detected in all samples. Nutrient loads, especially nitrogen concentrations were important factors influencing potential nitrification, denitrification rates, and bacterial communities, especially for the epiphytic nosZI-type taxa. Overall, we observed that the phyllosphere harbors more microbes and promotes higher denitrification rates compared to water, and epiphytic bacterial communities are shaped by nitrogen nutrients and macrophyte species, indicating that epiphytic microorganisms of submerged macrophytes can effectively contribute to the N removal in shallow lakes.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Hydrocharitaceae , Nitrogênio , Nitrificação , Bactérias/genética , Organismos Aquáticos , Lagos/microbiologia
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