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1.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 26(3): 765-773, mar. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-230

RESUMO

Background Brain metastasis (BM) in gastric cancer (GC) is underestimated, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression is a durable poor prognostic factor. We explored the relationship between the two and made a survival analysis. Methods HER2 expression and BM status were collected from GC patients who were diagnosed between December 2009 and May 2021. We collected GC patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2016 from the SEER database. The primary endpoint was survival from the diagnosis of BM. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine potential risk factors of BM at diagnosis in SEER database. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan–Meier method. Result There were 513 HER2-positive GC patients, including 16 (3.1%) with BM. Among 38 brain metastasis GC patients we collected, 16 (42.1%) patients were HER2 positive. We collected 34,199 GC patients from the SEER database and there were 260 (0.76%) patients with BM at diagnosis. GC patients that are male, white, of younger age, with primary lesions located in the proximal stomach or with distant lymph nodes, liver, bone, or lung metastasis are more likely to develop BM. The median overall survival time from diagnosis of BM was 12.73 months, and the survival time from brain metastasis of HER2-positive patients was numerically shorter, though the difference was not significant (5.30 months vs.16.13 months, P = 0.28.) Conclusion The incidence of BM in patients with HER2-positive gastric cancer is 4.08 times higher than that in general patients. The median overall survival time from BM is shorter for HER2-positive patients (AU)


Assuntos
Ciências da Saúde
2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(2): e2355324, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334999

RESUMO

Importance: Pathogenic variants (PVs) in BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, and BRIP1 cancer susceptibility genes (CSGs) confer an increased ovarian cancer (OC) risk, with BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, RAD51C, and RAD51D PVs also conferring an elevated breast cancer (BC) risk. Risk-reducing surgery, medical prevention, and BC surveillance offer the opportunity to prevent cancers and deaths, but their cost-effectiveness for individual CSGs remains poorly addressed. Objective: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of prevention strategies for OC and BC among individuals carrying PVs in the previously listed CSGs. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this economic evaluation, a decision-analytic Markov model evaluated the cost-effectiveness of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) and, where relevant, risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) compared with nonsurgical interventions (including BC surveillance and medical prevention for increased BC risk) from December 1, 2022, to August 31, 2023. The analysis took a UK payer perspective with a lifetime horizon. The simulated cohort consisted of women aged 30 years who carried BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, or BRIP1 PVs. Appropriate sensitivity and scenario analyses were performed. Exposures: CSG-specific interventions, including RRSO at age 35 to 50 years with or without BC surveillance and medical prevention (ie, tamoxifen or anastrozole) from age 30 or 40 years, RRM at age 30 to 40 years, both RRSO and RRM, BC surveillance and medical prevention, or no intervention. Main Outcomes and Measures: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was calculated as incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained. OC and BC cases and deaths were estimated. Results: In the simulated cohort of women aged 30 years with no cancer, undergoing both RRSO and RRM was most cost-effective for individuals carrying BRCA1 (RRM at age 30 years; RRSO at age 35 years), BRCA2 (RRM at age 35 years; RRSO at age 40 years), and PALB2 (RRM at age 40 years; RRSO at age 45 years) PVs. The corresponding ICERs were -£1942/QALY (-$2680/QALY), -£89/QALY (-$123/QALY), and £2381/QALY ($3286/QALY), respectively. RRSO at age 45 years was cost-effective for RAD51C, RAD51D, and BRIP1 PV carriers compared with nonsurgical strategies. The corresponding ICERs were £962/QALY ($1328/QALY), £771/QALY ($1064/QALY), and £2355/QALY ($3250/QALY), respectively. The most cost-effective preventive strategy per 1000 PV carriers could prevent 923 OC and BC cases and 302 deaths among those carrying BRCA1; 686 OC and BC cases and 170 deaths for BRCA2; 464 OC and BC cases and 130 deaths for PALB2; 102 OC cases and 64 deaths for RAD51C; 118 OC cases and 76 deaths for RAD51D; and 55 OC cases and 37 deaths for BRIP1. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis indicated both RRSO and RRM were most cost-effective in 96.5%, 89.2%, and 84.8% of simulations for BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 PVs, respectively, while RRSO was cost-effective in approximately 100% of simulations for RAD51C, RAD51D, and BRIP1 PVs. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cost-effectiveness study, RRSO with or without RRM at varying optimal ages was cost-effective compared with nonsurgical strategies for individuals who carried BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, or BRIP1 PVs. These findings support personalizing risk-reducing surgery and guideline recommendations for individual CSG-specific OC and BC risk management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Mastectomia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Salpingo-Ooforectomia
3.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1341826, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332768

RESUMO

Introduction: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is the favored premium feed ingredient in animal husbandry production which is in serious jeopardy due to soil moisture shortages. It is largely unknown how different root types of alfalfa respond to arid-induced stress in terms of metabolites and phytohormones. Methods: Therefore, rhizomatous rooted M. sativa 'Qingshui' (or QS), tap-rooted M. sativa 'Longdong' (or LD), and creeping rooted M. varia 'Gannong No. 4' (or GN) were investigated to identify metabolites and phytohormones responses to drought conditions. Results: We found 164, 270, and 68 significantly upregulated differential metabolites were categorized into 35, 38, and 34 metabolic pathways in QS, LD, and GN within aridity stress, respectively. Amino acids, organic acids, sugars, and alkaloids were the four categories of primary differential metabolites detected, which include 6-gingerol, salicylic acid (SA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellin A4 (GA4), abscisic acid (ABA), trans-cinnamic acid, sucrose, L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine, succinic acid, and nicotinic acid and so on, turns out these metabolites are essential for the resistance of three root-type alfalfa to aridity coercing. Discussion: The plant hormone signal transduction (PST) pathway was dramatically enriched after drought stress. IAA and ABA were significantly accumulated in the metabolites, indicating that they play vital roles in the response of three root types of alfalfa to water stress, and QS and LD exhibit stronger tolerance than GN under drought stress.

4.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green (ICG) clearance test is a classical measurement of hepatic reserve, which involves surgical safety and patient recovery of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aim to compare effects of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on liver function and outcomes of subsequent hepatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HCC patients receiving HAIC/TACE in SYSUCC with repeated ICG clearance tests were retrospectively enrolled. ICG eliminating rate (ICG-K), ICG retention rate at 15-minutes (ICG-R15) and ordinary laboratory tests were collected. Peri-therapeutic changes of values were compared between the groups. Propensity score matching (PSM) and inverse probability of treatment weighing (IPTW) were employed to validate findings. Post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF), overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed in patients with subsequent curative hepatectomy. RESULTS: 204 patients treated with HAIC (n=130) and TACE (n=74) were included. ΔICG-R15 was greater in the HAIC arm before matching (mean, 3.8% vs. 0.7%, P<0.001), after PSM (mean, 4.7% vs. 1.1%, P=0.014) and IPTW (mean, 2.0% vs. -3.6%, P<0.001). No difference was found for ΔALB, ΔALBI, ΔTBIL, ΔALT, ΔAST and ΔPT-INR. Multivariable analyses revealed elder age, cirrhosis, HAIC, greater ΔTBIL and ΔALBI were associated with deteriorating ICG-R15. Among those (105 for HAIC and 48 for TACE) receiving hepatectomy, occurrence of grade B/C PHLF (4.8% vs. 8.3%, P=0.616), OS (median, unreached vs. unreached, P=0.94) and RFS (median, 26.7 vs. 17.1 mo, P=0.096) were comparable between the two arms. In subgroup analyses, preoperative HAIC yield superior RFS (median, 26.7 vs. 16.2 mo, P=0.042) in patients with baseline ICG-R15≤10%. CONCLUSION: Preoperative FOLFOX-HAIC caused apparent impairment of ICG clearance ability than TACE yet comparable impact on liver function and post-hepatectomy outcomes.

5.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 41, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355676

RESUMO

Vaccines have proven effective in protecting populations against COVID-19, including the recombinant COVID-19 vaccine (Sf9 cells), the first approved recombinant protein vaccine in China. In this positive-controlled trial with 85 adult participants (Sf9 cells group: n = 44; CoronaVac group: n = 41), we evaluated the safety, immunogenicity, and protective effectiveness of a heterologous boost with the Sf9 cells vaccine in adults who had been vaccinated with the inactivated vaccine, and found a post-booster adverse events rate of 20.45% in the Sf9 cells group and 31.71% in the CoronaVac group (p = 0.279), within 28 days after booster injection. Neither group reported any severe adverse events. Following the Sf9 cells vaccine booster, the geometric mean titer (GMT) of binding antibodies to the receptor-binding domain of prototype SARS-CoV-2 on day 28 post-booster was significantly higher than that induced by the CoronaVac vaccine booster (100,683.37 vs. 9,451.69, p < 0.001). In the Sf9 cells group, GMTs of neutralizing antibodies against pseudo SARS-CoV-2 viruses (prototype and diverse variants of concern [VOCs]) increased by 22.23-75.93 folds from baseline to day 28 post-booster, while the CoronaVac group showed increases of only 3.29-10.70 folds. Similarly, neutralizing antibodies against live SARS-CoV-2 viruses (prototype and diverse VOCs) increased by 68.18-192.67 folds on day 14 post-booster compared with the baseline level, significantly greater than the CoronaVac group (19.67-37.67 folds). A more robust Th1 cellular response was observed with the Sf9 cells booster on day 14 post-booster (mean IFN-γ+ spot-forming cells per 2 × 105 peripheral blood mononuclear cells: 26.66 vs. 13.59). Protective effectiveness against symptomatic COVID-19 was approximately twice as high in the Sf9 cells group compared to the CoronaVac group (68.18% vs. 36.59%, p = 0.004). Our study findings support the high protective effectiveness of heterologous boosting with the recombinant COVID-19 vaccine (Sf9 cells) against symptomatic COVID-19 of diverse SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern, while causing no apparent safety concerns.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Adulto , Animais , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Células Sf9 , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados
6.
Mol Immunol ; 168: 1-9, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367301

RESUMO

Dysfunctional mutations in SAMHD1 cause Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome, an autoinflammatory encephalopathy with elevated interferon-α levels in the cerebrospinal fluid. Whether loss of function mutations in SAMHD1 trigger the expression of other cytokines apart from type I interferons in Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome is largely unclear. This study aimed to explore whether SAMHD1 dysfunction regulated the expression of IL-34, a key cytokine controlling the development and maintenance of microglia, in SH-SY5Y neural cells. We found that downregulation of SAMHD1 in SH-SY5Y cells resulted in the upregulation of IL-34 expression. The protein and mRNA levels of NF-κB p65, the transactivating subunit of a transcription factor NF-κB, were also upregulated in SAMHD1-knockdown SH-SY5Y cells. It was further found SAMHD1 knockdown in SH-SY5Y cells induced an upregulation of IL-34 expression through the canonical NF-κB-dependent pathway in which NF-κB p65, IKKα/ß and the NF-κB inhibitor IκBα were phosphorylated. Moreover, knockdown of SAMHD1 in SH-SY5Y cells led to the translocation of NF-κB p65 into the nucleus and promoted NF-κB transcriptional activity. In conclusion, we found SAMHD1 dysfunction induced IL-34 expression via NF-κB p65 in neuronal SH-SY5Y cells. This finding could lay the foundation for exploring the role of IL-34-targeting microglia in the pathogenesis of Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to use Meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM) to clarify the relationship between burden, depression, and quality of life in informal caregivers of stroke survivors. DATA SOURCES: The databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, Wan Fang Database, and Chinese Biomedical Database were comprehensively searched before January 16, 2023. STUDY SELECTION: Two researchers performed an independent initial search by using a unified search strategy. Observational studies investigating the relationship between burden, depression, and quality of life in informal caregivers of stroke survivors were included. The studies that met the inclusion criteria were appraised by 'Quality Assessment and Validity Tool for Correlational Studies'. DATA EXTRACTION: PRISMA guidelines were used for this study. Data extraction was performed independently by two researchers. The following data were extracted: study author, year of publication, country, language, sample size, age, sex (%female), the caregivers' relationship with stroke survivor, measures, type of outcome reported in the study, study design, and main conclusion. DATA SYNTHESIS: The analysis included 18 articles that reported 23 effect sizes (N=3284). The MASEM findings showed that caregiver burden was positively associated with caregiver depression (ß=0.474, 95%CI [0.398, 0.550]), caregiver depression was negatively associated with caregiver quality of life (ß=-0.316, 95%CI [-0.545, -0.087]). Furthermore, the association between caregiver burden and quality of life was completely mediated by caregiver depression (ß=-0.150, 95%CI [-0.271, -0.041]). CONCLUSIONS: Using the MASEM approach, we observed that caregiver depression completely mediated the relationship between burden and quality of life in informal caregivers of stroke survivors. Although the results did not allow for causal inference, this result suggested that for burdened stroke survivors' informal caregivers efforts should be made to their mental health to eliminate the internal barriers, then eventually improve their quality of life.

8.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368302

RESUMO

Lung recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) during mechanical ventilation may reduce atelectasis, however, the optimal recruitment strategy for patients undergoing thoracic surgery remains unknown. Our study was designed to investigate whether ultrasound-guided lung RMs is superior to conventional RMs in reducing perioperative atelectasis during thoracic surgery with one-lung ventilation. We conducted a randomised controlled clinical trial from August 2022 to September 2022. Sixty patients scheduled for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) under general anaesthesia were enrolled. Subjects were randomly divided into the ultrasound-guided RMs group (manual inflation guided by lung ultrasound) or conventional RMs group (manual inflation with 30 cmH2O pressure). Lung ultrasound were performed at three predefined time points (1 min after anaesthetic induction; after RMs at the end of surgery; before discharge from postanesthesia care unit [PACU]). The primary outcome was lung ultrasound score before discharge from the PACU after extubation. In the early postoperative period, lung aeration deteriorated in both groups even after lung RMs. However, ultrasound-guided lung RMs had significantly lower lung ultrasound scores when compared with conventional RMs in bilateral lungs (2.0 [0.8-4.0] vs. 8.0 [3.8-10.3], P < 0.01) at the end of surgery, which remained before patients discharged from the PACU. Accordingly, the lower incidence of atelectasis was found in ultrasound-guided RMs group than in conventional RMs group (7% vs. 53%; P < 0.01) at the end of surgery. Ultrasound-guided RMs is superior to conventional RMs in improving lung aeration and reducing the incidence of lung atelectasis at early postoperative period in patients undergoing VATS. The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (No. 220,825,810; date of approval: August 5, 2022) and registered on Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR2200062761).

9.
Urol Case Rep ; 53: 102671, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375098

RESUMO

The utilization of endostapler devices has become standard practice for renal vein ligation during laparoscopic nephroureterectomy. While exceptionally rare, malfunctions can occur in these devices. In the video, we present a malfunctioning endostapler that became trapped on the renal vein. Fortunately, this catastrophic event was successfully managed without conversion to open surgery or massive blood loss and was recorded on video. We propose a structured management flow chart for addressing GIA malfunction, aiming to assist surgeons in navigating through this potentially life-threatening situation.

10.
iScience ; 27(3): 109059, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375236

RESUMO

Overactivation of osteoclasts due to altered osteoclastogenesis causes multiple bone metabolic diseases. However, how osteoclast differentiation is tightly regulated and involved in multiple pathophysiological states remains mystery. In this study, we noticed that the downregulation of BHLHE41 (basic-helix-loop-helix family member e41) was tightly associated with osteoclast differentiation and osteoporosis. Functionally, the upregulation or downregulation of BHLHE41 suppressed or promoted osteoclast differentiation, respectively, in vitro. A mechanism study indicated that the direct binding of BHLHE41 to the promoter region of NFATc1 that led to its downregulation. Notably, the inhibition of NFATc1 abrogated the enhanced osteoclast differentiation in BHLHE41-knockdown bone marrow macrophages (BMMs). Additionally, upregulation of BHLHE41 impeded bone destruction in OVX mice with osteoporosis. Therefore, our research reveals the mechanism by which BHLHE41 regulates osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption via NFATc1, and targeting BHLHE41 is a potential strategy for the treatment of osteoporosis.

11.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1332492, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375480

RESUMO

Purpose: The need for adjuvant therapy (AT) following neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy (nICT) and surgery in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) remains uncertain. This study aims to investigate whether AT offers additional benefits in terms of recurrence-free survival (RFS) for ESCC patients after nICT and surgery. Methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted between January 2019 and December 2022 from three centers. Eligible patients were divided into two groups: the AT group and the non-AT group. Survival analyses comparing different modalities of AT (including adjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy) with non-AT were performed. The primary endpoint was RFS. Propensity score matching(PSM) was used to mitigate inter-group patient heterogeneity. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression analysis were employed for recurrence-free survival analysis. Results: A total of 155 nICT patients were included, with 26 patients experiencing recurrence. According to Cox analysis, receipt of adjuvant therapy emerged as an independent risk factor(HR:2.621, 95%CI:[1.089,6.310], P=0.032), and there was statistically significant difference in the Kaplan-Meier survival curves between non-AT and receipt of AT in matched pairs (p=0.026). Stratified analysis revealed AT bring no survival benefit to patients with pathological complete response(p= 0.149) and residual tumor cell(p=0.062). Subgroup analysis showed no significant difference in recurrence-free survival between non-AT and adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy patients(P=0.108). However, patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy exhibited poorer recurrence survival compared to non-AT patients (p= 0.016). Conclusion: In terms of recurrence-free survival for ESCC patients after nICT and surgery, the necessity of adjuvant therapy especially the adjuvant chemotherapy, can be mitigated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/terapia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pontuação de Propensão , Intervalo Livre de Doença
12.
J Atten Disord ; : 10870547241233207, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study involved 17 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), 21 with ADHD, 30 with both (ASD + ADHD), and 28 typically developing children (TD). METHODS: The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) was measured as a regional brain function index. Intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) was also analyzed using the region of interest (ROI) identified in ALFF analysis. Statistical analysis was done via one-way ANCOVA, Gaussian random field (GRF) theory, and post-hoc pair-wise comparisons. RESULTS: The ASD + ADHD group showed increased ALFF in the left middle frontal gyrus (MFG.L) compared to the TD group. In terms of global brain function, the ASD group displayed underconnectivity in specific regions compared to the ASD + ADHD and TD groups. CONCLUSION: The findings contribute to understanding the neural mechanisms underlying ASD + ADHD.

13.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2765: 193-208, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381341

RESUMO

Back-splicing of eukaryotic exon(s) leads to the production of covalently closed circular RNAs (circRNAs). Generally, most circRNAs contain overlapping sequences to their cognate linear RNAs from the same gene loci, leading to difficulties in distinguishing them from each other. A recent study has shown that some circRNAs can be specifically depleted by using base editing systems to target their predominantly back-splice sites for circularization, suggesting an efficient approach for circRNA knockout (KO). Here, we describe the detailed protocol for applying base editors to disrupt back-splice sites of predominantly circularized exons for circRNA KO at the genomic DNA level.

14.
J Imaging Inform Med ; 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343248

RESUMO

This paper aims to compare the performance of the classical machine learning (CML) model and the deep learning (DL) model, and to assess the effectiveness of utilizing fusion radiomics from both CML and DL in distinguishing encephalitis from glioma in atypical cases. We analysed the axial FLAIR images of preoperative MRI in 116 patients pathologically confirmed as gliomas and clinically diagnosed with encephalitis. The 3 CML models (logistic regression (LR), support vector machine (SVM) and multi-layer perceptron (MLP)), 3 DL models (DenseNet 121, ResNet 50 and ResNet 18) and a deep learning radiomic (DLR) model were established, respectively. The area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) and sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated for the training and validation sets. In addition, a deep learning radiomic nomogram (DLRN) and a web calculator were designed as a tool to aid clinical decision-making. The best DL model (ResNet50) consistently outperformed the best CML model (LR). The DLR model had the best predictive performance, with AUC, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, NPV and PPV of 0.879, 0.929, 0.800, 0.875, 0.867 and 0.889 in the validation sets, respectively. Calibration curve of DLR model shows good agreement between prediction and observation, and the decision curve analysis (DCA) indicated that the DLR model had higher overall net benefit than the other two models (ResNet50 and LR). Meanwhile, the DLRN and web calculator can provide dynamic assessments. Machine learning (ML) models have the potential to non-invasively differentiate between encephalitis and glioma in atypical cases. Furthermore, combining DL and CML techniques could enhance the performance of the ML models.

15.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 1451-1467, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371456

RESUMO

Background: Ischemic stroke (IS) causes tragic death and disability worldwide. However, effective therapeutic interventions are finite. After IS, blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity is disrupted, resulting in deteriorating neurological function. As a novel therapeutic, extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown ideal restorative effects on BBB integrity post-stroke; however, the definite mechanisms remain ambiguous. In the present study, we investigated the curative effects and the mechanisms of EVs derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and brain endothelial cells (BMSC-EVs and BEC-EVs) on BBB integrity after acute IS. Methods: EVs were isolated from BMSCs and BECs, and we investigated the therapeutic effect in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) insulted BECs model and in vivo rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) model. The cell monolayer leakage, tight junction expression, and metalloproteinase (MMP) activity were evaluated, and rat brain infarct volume and neurological function were also analyzed. Results: The administration of two kinds of EVs not only enhanced ZO-1 and Occludin expressions but also reduced the permeability and the activity of MMP-2/9 in OGD-insulted BECs. The amelioration of the cerebral infarction, BBB leakage, neurological function deficits, and the increasing ZO-1 and Occludin levels, as well as MMP activity inhibition was observed in MCAo rats. Additionally, the increased levels of Caveolin-1, CD147, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in isolated brain microvessels were downregulated after EVs treatment. In vitro, the employment of Caveolin-1 and CD147 siRNA partly suppressed the expressions of VEGFR2, VEGFA and MMP-2/9 activity and reduced the leakage of OGD insulted BECs and enhanced ZO-1 and Occludin expressions. Conclusion: Our study firstly demonstrates that BEC and BMSC-EVs administrations maintain BBB integrity via the suppression of Caveolin-1/CD147/VEGFR2/MMP pathway after IS, and the efficacy of BMSC-EVs is superior to that of BEC-EVs.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Vesículas Extracelulares , AVC Isquêmico , Ratos , Animais , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Ocludina/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo
16.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373308

RESUMO

Respiratory signals are critical clinical diagnostic criteria for respiratory diseases and health conditions, and respiratory sensors play a crucial role in achieving the desired respiratory monitoring effect. High sensitivity to a single factor can improve the reliability of respiratory monitoring, and maintaining the hygiene of the sensors is also important for daily health monitoring. Herein, we propose a flexible Au-modified anatase titanium dioxide resistive respiratory sensor, which can be mechanically compliantly attached to curved surfaces for respiratory monitoring in different modalities (i.e., respiratory intensity, frequency, and rate). The uniform and preferentially oriented anatase titanium dioxide films gained by the polymer-assisted deposition technique can be fabricated on flexible substrates through a liquid-assisted transferring process. The Au modification can enhance surface plasmon resonance to facilitate the photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide, and the optimized distribution of Au on the surface of titanium dioxide film made the sensor have an excellent antibacterial effect. The uniquely designed encapsulation can effectively control the contact between the surface of titanium dioxide films and electrodes, allowing the flexible sensor to exhibit fast response time (0.71 s) and recovery time (1.06 s) to respiratory as well as insensitivity or low sensitivity to other factors (i.e., gas composition, humidity, temperature, stress, and strain). This work provided an effective strategy for flexible wearable respiratory sensors and has great potential in daily respiratory monitoring for health management and pandemic control.

17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(7): 4883-4891, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326284

RESUMO

Nonprecious transition metal catalysts have emerged as the preferred choice for industrial alkaline water electrolysis due to their cost-effectiveness. However, their overstrong binding energy to adsorbed OH often results in the blockage of active sites, particularly in the cathodic hydrogen evolution reaction. Herein, we found that single-atom sites exhibit a puncture effect to effectively alleviate OH blockades, thereby significantly enhancing the alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance. Typically, after anchoring single Ru atoms onto tungsten carbides, the overpotential at 10 mA·cm-2 is reduced by more than 130 mV (159 vs 21 mV). Also, the mass activity is increased 16-fold over commercial Pt/C (MA100 = 17.3 A·mgRu-1 vs 1.1 A·mgPt-1, Pt/C). More importantly, such electrocatalyst-based alkaline anion-exchange membrane water electrolyzers can exhibit an ultralow potential (1.79 Vcell) and high stability at an industrial current density of 1.0 A·cm-2. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the isolated Ru sites could weaken the surrounding local OH binding energy, thus puncturing OH blockage and constructing bifunctional interfaces between Ru atoms and the support to accelerate water dissociation. Our findings exhibit generality to other transition metal catalysts (such as Mo) and contribute to the advancement of industrial-scale alkaline water electrolysis.

18.
Plant Mol Biol ; 114(1): 15, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329633

RESUMO

Uncaria rhynchophylla is an evergreen vine plant, belonging to the Rubiaceae family, that is rich in terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs) that have therapeutic effects on hypertension and Alzheimer's disease. GATA transcription factors (TF) are a class of transcription regulators that participate in the light response regulation, chlorophyll synthesis, and metabolism, with the capability to bind to GATA cis-acting elements in the promoter region of target genes. Currently the charactertics of GATA TFs in U. rhynchophylla and how different light qualities affect the expression of GATA and key enzyme genes, thereby affecting the changes in U. rhynchophylla alkaloids have not been investigated. In this study, 25 UrGATA genes belonging to four subgroups were identified based on genome-wide analysis. Intraspecific collinearity analysis revealed that only segmental duplications were identified among the UrGATA gene family. Collinearity analysis of GATA genes between U. rhynchophylla and four representative plant species, Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, Coffea Canephora, and Catharanthus roseus was also performed. U. rhynchophylla seedlings grown in either red lights or under reduced light intensity had altered TIAs content after 21 days. Gene expression analysis reveal a complex pattern of expression from the 25 UrGATA genes as well as a number of key TIA enzyme genes. UrGATA7 and UrGATA8 were found to have similar expression profiles to key enzyme TIA genes in response to altered light treatments, implying that they may be involved in the regulation TIA content. In this research, we comprehensively analyzed the UrGATA TFs, and offered insight into the involvement of UrGATA TFs from U. rhynchophylla in TIAs biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina , Uncaria , Luz , Fatores de Transcrição GATA
19.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1348272, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361946

RESUMO

The epithelial barrier serves as a critical defense mechanism separating the human body from the external environment, fulfilling both physical and immune functions. This barrier plays a pivotal role in shielding the body from environmental risk factors such as allergens, pathogens, and pollutants. However, since the 19th century, the escalating threats posed by environmental pollution, global warming, heightened usage of industrial chemical products, and alterations in biodiversity have contributed to a noteworthy surge in allergic disease incidences. Notably, allergic diseases frequently exhibit dysfunction in the epithelial barrier. The proposed epithelial barrier hypothesis introduces a novel avenue for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases. Despite increased attention to the role of barrier dysfunction in allergic disease development, numerous questions persist regarding the mechanisms underlying the disruption of normal barrier function. Consequently, this review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the epithelial barrier's role in allergic diseases, encompassing influencing factors, assessment techniques, and repair methodologies. By doing so, it seeks to present innovative strategies for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Humanos , Alérgenos
20.
Plant Physiol ; 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330431

RESUMO

Powdery mildew (PM) is one of the most widespread and prevalent diseases that affects a wide range of crops. In cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), previous forward genetic studies have identified MILDEW RESISTANCE LOCUS O 8 (CsMLO8) as necessary but alone insufficient for cucumber PM resistance, and suggested the involvement of other members of the CsMLO family. However, the function of other CsMLO family members in cucumber remains largely unknown. Here, we developed a highly efficient multiplex gene editing system in cucumber to generate a series of Csmlo mutants from all the 13 family members. Systematic analysis of these mutants revealed growth effects of these CsMLO family members on development and PM resistance. Importantly, we obtained the Csmlo1/8/11 triple mutant with complete resistance to PM. Transcriptome and proteome analysis of PM-resistant Csmlo mutants suggested that the kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP)-interacting Ca2+-binding protein (CsKIC), calmodulin-like protein 28 (CsCML28) and Ca2+-dependent protein kinase 11 (CsCPK11)-mediated calcium signaling pathway is involved in PM resistance. CsMLO8 interacted directly with CsKIC, and the simultaneous silencing of both genes resulted in a phenotype that resembled the silencing of CsKIC alone. Silencing CsCML28 and CsCPK11 increased susceptibility to PM, whereas overexpressing CsCPK11 through genetic transformation enhanced cucumber's PM resistance, demonstrating their positive regulatory roles in PM resistance. Given the importance of PM resistance for cucurbit crops, this research provides unprecedented insights into the function of the proteins encoded by the CsMLO gene family as well as the plant defense response to PM pathogen.

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