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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 1008-1012, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383098

RESUMO

Institute of Materials, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Jiangyou 621908, P. R. China To improve the stability of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite, cesium-containing methylammonium lead iodide perovskite have been synthesized by one-step solution deposition. With the increasing of Cs+ doping concentration, direct optical band gap of perovskite was increases, while defects and roughness of perovskite thin films were gradually augmented. A certain amount of Cs+ incorporated in perovskite absorb layer could improve power conversion efficiency through the enhancing of open circuit voltage and fill factor. However, excessive Cs+ doping concentration results in the reduced of short-circuit current and fill factor, which reduced power conversion efficiency. The optimized ratio 10% Cs+ doping achieved the highest power conversion efficiency (16.84%).

2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2057: 103-112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595474

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N2) is the most necessary element in the atmosphere, it is an energetic micronutrient for plant growth and development after water, besides its key role in chlorophyll production, which is crucial for photosynthesis process. Biological nitrogen fixation is measured to be the most potent method to deliver a fixed way of nitrogen to the plants. Plant depends on free-living and symbiotic microbes present in the soil for nitrogen because it cannot be absorbed by the plant itself directly from the atmosphere. Many techniques were reported in the laboratory for nitrogen estimation till now, but Kjeldahl digestion and acetylene reduction assay (ARA) techniques became the most popular. In this chapter, we focus on the most common and popular methods used to determine plant N2; awareness obtained through the wide application of these methods should offer the source for the N2 fixation rate in agriculture system.

3.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 65: 67-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654738

RESUMO

Atheroembolic renal disease (AERD) is the major cause of renal insufficiency in the elderly, and particularly, the diagnose of AERD is often delayed and even missed due to its nonspecific presentation and the sudden occurrence of an embolic event. To investigate the feasibility of the view-shared compressed sensing (VCS) based dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in the assessment of AERD in animal models. The reproducibility of VCS DCE-MRI based glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation was first evaluated using the three healthy rabbits. Animal models of unilateral AERD were then conducted. All the rabbits underwent VCS DCE-MRI and the GFR maps were estimated by a commonly used cortical-compartment model. The whole kidney and suspicious lesion region GFR values of embolized kidneys were then compared with the corresponding values of normal kidneys. Finally, the suspicious lesion regions were confirmed by the corresponding renal specimens and histological findings. The reproducibility of GFR measurements was analyzed using the coefficient of variation and Bland-Altman analysis. The GFR values of normal and embolized kidneys were compared using the Student t-test. Contrast-enhanced images with sufficient diagnostic quality and reduced motion artifacts are obtained at a temporal resolution of 2.5 s. The Bland-Altman plot indicated close agreement between the GFR values estimated from between-day scans in healthy rabbits. Besides, there existed significant differences between the pixel-wise GFR values of normal and AERD kidneys in region-based comparison(P < 0.0001). The suspicious lesions are consistent well with the renal specimen and histological findings. The preliminary animal study verified the feasibility of VCS DCE-MRI for renal function evaluation, and the strategy could potentially provide a valuable tool to identify AERD.

4.
Food Chem ; 308: 125600, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648091

RESUMO

A novel blue pigment was first isolated from Streptomyces sp. A1013Y. The purified component was identified as 4,8,13-trihydroxy-6,11-dione-trihydrogranaticins A (TDTA). Its physical properties were found to be: Molecular weight 462 Da; Color value, E0.1%1cm580 nm = 80; Solubility, it dissolved in organic solvents. In addition, the color of TDTA changed with pH but was found to be relatively stable between 20 and 100 °C, from pH 3 to pH 11, and under UV-light or darkness. TDTA's functional properties was as follows: TDTA showed excellent free radical scavenging properties, IC50 41.04 µg/mL and 13.75 µg/mL using 2, 20-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-n-(3, 2-ethyl-benzothiazole-6-sulfonic acid) ammonium salt (ABTS) respectively. TDTA might be a promising source of natural pigment and bioactive compound used as additive in food industry.

5.
Hematol Oncol Clin North Am ; 34(1): 109-125, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739938

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is the most commonly used nonsurgical modality in treatment of lung cancers, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in particular. Radiation therapy has been increasingly used as definitive radical treatment, either alone or in combination with concurrent chemoradiation for locally advanced disease. More recently with the advent of novel radiation techniques and modalities such as stereotactic radiotherapy and proton therapy, radiotherapy can now be used as sole radical treatment of small solitary tumors. This article reviews the current indications and future directions of radiotherapy in lung cancer management.

6.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 103: 103529, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669309

RESUMO

The myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2)-related lipid-recognition (ML) proteins display diverse biological functions in host immunity and lipid metabolism by interacting with different lipids. Human MD2, an indispensable accessory protein in TLR4 signaling pathway, specifically recognizes lipopolysaccharides (LPS), thereby leading to the activation of TLR4 signaling pathway to produce many effectors that participate in inflammatory and immuneresponses against Gram-negative bacteria. Toll and immune deficiency (IMD) pathways are first characterized in Drosophila and are reportedly present in crustaceans, but the recognition and activation mechanism of these signaling pathways in crustaceans remains unclear. In the present study, a novel ML protein was characterized in mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) and designated as SpMD2. The complete SpMD2 cDNA sequence is 1114 bp long with a 465 bp open reading frame; it encodes a protein that contains 154 amino acids (aa). In the deduced protein, a signal peptide (1-21 aa residues) and a ML domain (43-151 aa residues) were predicted. SpMD2 shared a similar three-dimensional structure and a close evolutionary relationship with human MD2. SpMD2 was highly expressed in gills, hemocytes, intestine, and hepatopancreas and was upregulated in gills and hemocytes after challenges with bacteria, thereby suggesting its involvement in antibacterial defense. Western blot assay showed that SpMD2 possesses strong binding activities to different bacteria and two fungi. ELISA demonstrated that SpMD2 exhibits binding abilities to LPS, lipid A, peptidoglycan (PGN), and lipoteichoic acid (LTA). Its binding ability to LPS and lipid A were stronger than to PGN or LTA, implying that SpMD2 was an important LPS-binding protein in mud crab. Bacterial clearance assay revealed that the pre-incubation of Vibrio parahemolyticus with SpMD2 facilitates bacterial clearance in vivo and that knockdown of SpMD2 dramatically suppresses the bacterial clearance and decreases the expression of several antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Furthermore, SpMD2 overexpression could enhance the promoter activity of SpALF2. These results revealed that SpMD2 affects bacterial clearance by regulating AMPs. Thus, by binding to LPS and by regulating AMPs, SpMD2 may function as a potential receptor, which is involved in the recognition and activation of a certain immune signaling pathway against Gram-negative bacteria. This study provides new insights into the diverse functions of ML proteins and into the antibacterial mechanisms of crustaceans.

7.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711315

RESUMO

A new phenylpentenol, wortmannine H (1) was isolated from Talaromyces wortmannii LGT-4, an endophytic fungus of Tripterygium wilfordii. The structure of 1 was elucidated by IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra and comparison of the experimental and calculated optical rotatory dispersion (ORD). Monoamine oxidase (MAO), acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3Kα) inhibitory activities of 1 was also tested. The compound did not show good biological activity.

8.
Brain Behav ; : e01455, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PCDH19 has become the second most relevant gene in epilepsy after SCN1A. Seizures often provoked by fever. METHODS: We screened 152 children with fever-sensitive epilepsy for gene detection. Their clinical information was followed up. RESULTS: We found eight PCDH19 point mutations (four novel and four reported) and one whole gene deletion in 10 female probands (seven sporadic cases and three family cases) who also had cluster seizures. The common clinical features of 16 patients in 10 families included fever-sensitive and cluster seizures, mainly focal or tonic-clonic seizures, and absence of status epilepticus, normal intelligence, or mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment, the onset age ranges from 5 months to 20 years. Only four patients had multiple or focal transient discharges in interictal EEG. Focal seizures originating in the frontal region were recorded in four patients, two from the parietal region, and one from the occipital region. CONCLUSION: PCDH19 mutation can be inherited or de novo. The clinical spectrum of PCDH19 mutation includes PCDH19 Girls Clustering Epilepsy with or without mental retardation, psychosis, and asymptomatic male. The onset age of PCDH19 Girls Clustering Epilepsy can range from infancy to adulthood. Sisters in the same family may be sensitive to the same antiepileptic drugs. And our report expands the mutation spectrum of PCDH19 Girls Clustering Epilepsy.

9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 452, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence shows that stimulated by retinoic acid 6 (STRA6) participates in regulating multiple cancers. However, the biological roles of STRA6 in gastric cancer (GC) remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the biological function of STRA6 and reveal the underlying mechanism of its dysregulation in GC. METHODS: The expression level of STRA6 was detected through quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. The effects of STRA6 on the proliferation of GC cells were studied through CCK-8 proliferation, colony formation and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assays. The effects of STRA6 on migration and invasion were detected via wound healing and Transwell assays. Upstream miRNAs, which might regulate STRA6 expression, was predicted through bioinformatics analysis. Their interaction was further confirmed through dual-luciferase reporter assays and rescue experiments. RESULTS: STRA6 was up-regulated in GC and enhanced the proliferation and metastasis of GC cells in vitro and in vivo. STRA6 knockdown could inhibit the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway. STRA6 was confirmed as an miR-873 target, which acted as a tumour suppressor in GC. Rescue assays showed that the repressing effect of miR-873 could be partially reversed by overexpressing STRA6. CONCLUSIONS: STRA6 is down-regulated by miR-873 and plays an oncogenic role by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signalling in GC.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To monitor the serological typing of Haemophilus influenzae(Hi) in the lower respiratory tract infection in western Sichuan, China, the changes in beta-lactam resistance of the strains and the mechanism of beta-lactam resistance in these isolates over the past decade. METHODS: 54 strains of Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) isolated from 2003 to 2004 and 220 strains of NTHi isolated from 2013 to 2014 were selected randomly. Hi strains were characterized by serological typing, and by PCR analysis of the p6, fucK and cap gene. The MIC values for ampicillin (AMP), Amoxicillin-clavulanic (AMC) acid and cefuroxime (CXM) were determined by broth microdilution susceptibility test. The TEM-1, ROB-1 and ftsI genes of the strain were sequenced; We compared the data obtained over a decade. The mechanisms of beta-lactam resistance and the effect of amino acid substitution of the ftsI gene on the MIC values of AMP, AMC and CXM were analyzed, respectively. RESULTS: 1. The MIC values of AMP, AMC and CXM of the NTHi strains isolated during 2013˜2014 were significantly higher than those of the strains collected during 2003˜2004 by rank sum test, p < 0.05. 2. BLA positive strains were 51.46% (141/274); gene sequencing showed that all 141 beta-lactamase positive strains were TEM-1 type. 3. There were 32 amino acid substitutions of the ftsI gene sequence and three of them had two amino acid substitutions in the NTHi isolated from 2013 to 2014. However, NTHi strains isolated from 2003 to 2004 had only the 9 amino acids substitutions (D350 N, M377I, A437S, G490E, A502 V,V511A, R517H and N526 K). 4. The results of rank sum test showed that only a few amino acids had no significant difference in the MIC values between the three beta-lactams. Ordered multiple classification logistic regression analysis showed that different amino acid replacement patterns of the ftsI gene had different effects on the MIC values of AMP, AMC and CXM, respectively. The main factors affecting the MIC value of AMP were in turn R517H (OR = 7.128), L389 F (OR = 6.999), N526 K (OR = 4.660) and D350 N (OR = 0.450); The main factor influencing the MIC value of AMC was an N526 K mutation (OR = 9.349);The main factors affecting the MIC value of CXM were the mutations S357 N (OR = 37.453) and N526 K (OR = 14.816). 5. Compared with the strains isolated from 2003 to 2004, the gBLNAR and gBLPAR strains isolated from 2013 to 2014 increased significantly from 12.96% (7/54), 9.26% (7/54) to 42.0% (84/220), 45.45% (100/220) respectively, p < 0.001. 6. Only 36.22% of the strains in the ftsI gene mutation fit the condition of group I ˜ III, and the group Ⅲ-like strain was 23.98% (47/196). In addition to M377I, S385 T, L389 F and N526 K mutations, all 47 NTHi strains also had amino acid substitution for D350 N and S357I. In other group, 13 NTHi strains had the same ftsI gene mutation pattern and 24 amino acid substitutions. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirmed that Hi isolated from the lower respiratory tract of Western Sichuan in China from 2013 to 2014 were NTHi strains. Compared with ten years earler, beta-lactamase producing strains and beta-lactam resistant strains increased rapidly. The amino acid substitution of the ftsI gene was more complex and diversified. So far, although some progress has been made in the study of antibiotical resistance mechanism of NTHi strains, how to control the growth of NTHi resistant strains is still a challenge in China.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753647

RESUMO

Developing simple and sensitive non-aggregation strategy for detecting Cd2+ is necessary for improving the selectivity and sensitivity of probe. Here, we establish a simple, rapid and ratiometric strategy for the recognition of Cd2+ based on the formation of core-shell ZnSe/CdS structure using ZnSe quantum dots (QDs). The transformation from binary ZnSe QDs to core-shell ZnSe/CdS QDs both change the elemental composition and structure of ZnSe QDs, leading to the changes in band gap of ZnSe QDs, which could be observed in the UV-vis spectra. In the detection process, ZnSe QDs only possess absorption peak at 343 nm, the formation of ZnSe/CdS after the addition of Cd2+ leads to the appearance of the new peak at 397 nm, while other heavy metal ions could not cause the appearance of new absorption peak. Therefore, this strategy shows good selectivity for Cd2+ detection. Based on this strategy, the limit of detection (LOD) for Cd2+ is 11 nM by UV-vis spectroscopy with a desirable relation of linearity (R2 = 0.999) between A397/A343 and Cd2+ contents, which is superior to the LOD of most reported nanomaterials. The response time for Cd2+ detection is as short as 60 s, which is suitable for rapid detection. This ratiometric probe has also been applied to the detection of Cd2+ in tap water samples, the recovery of Cd2+ was between 94.9% and 105.6% for tap water samples, indicating the high accuracy of our ratiometric assay. Our strategy not only provided a new method for detecting Cd2+, but also put forward an implication that the band energy changes of QDs caused by heavy metal ions can be applied in the selective and sensitive detection of heavy metal ions.

12.
Orthop Surg ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological characteristics of patients with spinal metastases between 2007 and 2019. METHODS: Patients with spinal metastases were identified from several clinical centers in China between January 2007 and July 2019. Demographics, primary tumor types, spinal involvement, and Clinical indicators of each patient were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 1196 patients were included in this study, 717 males (59.95%) and 479 females (40.05%), with a male to female ratio of 1.50:1. Most patients (63.71%) were in the ages range of 50 to 69 years. The mean age was 58.6 ± 11.6 (range 13-89) years and the median age was 59.0 years. The average age of females was younger than that of males, and the difference was statistically significant. The proportion of male patients over 60 years old was higher than that of females, and the difference was statistically significant. The most common primary tumor was lung cancer (n = 437, 36.54%), followed by unknown origin (n = 194, 16.22%), kidney cancer (n = 78, 6.52%), breast cancer (n = 76, 6.35%), and liver/biliary cancer (n = 75, 6.27%). The most common primary tumor was lung cancer in both males and females, followed by unknown origin in males and breast cancer in females. There were 730 patients (61.04%) in the subgroup of the number<3; the highest level was lumbar vertebrae, with 250 patients (34.25%). The remaining 466 patients (38.96%) were included in the subgroup of the number ≥ 3; the highest level was tumor metastasis of multiple-level of spine, with 334 patients (71.67%). Among the 1196 patients, spinal cord injury occurred in 54.01% of patients, 76.34% of patients developed moderate and above pain, 55.69% of patients had metastatic spinal cord compression, and only 26.67% of patients had a clear history of primary tumors. CONCLUSION: This study provided a relatively detailed description of epidemiological characteristics in spinal metastases in China, which could assist orthopaedic surgeons to understand the clinical characteristics of spinal metastases, and is of great significance in guiding clinical diagnoses and scientific research.

13.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1507, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The characteristics of recent HIV infections can provide the information about the dynamics of HIV transmission. Yunnan is one of the provinces hardest-hit by HIV-1 in China. To further understand the characteristics of the HIV-1 epidemic in Yunnan, we analyzed the prevalence of recent HIV-1 infections among newly diagnosed cases, identified the associated factors and explored the spatial distribution of recent HIV-1 infections. METHODS: Residual plasma samples from HIV-1 diagnostic tests were preserved. The associated information was collected from China HIV/AIDS case reporting system. Recent HIV-1 infections were estimated by combining the information about disease progression and BED- capture enzyme immunoassay (CEIA). The proportions of recent HIV-1 infections among newly diagnosed cases stratified by demographic characteristics were analyzed. The spatial clusters of recent HIV-1 infections were investigated by spatial scan statistics. RESULTS: Among 6119 HIV/AIDS cases were newly reported between January 2015 and June 2015 in Yunnan Province, 9.3% (570/6119) were estimated as recent infections. Female, aged below 25 years and homosexual contact were more associated with the higher proportion of recent HIV-1 infections. Among the different demographic sub-groups, men who have sex with men (MSM) aged < 25 years and ≥ 50 years had a higher chance of being diagnosed as recent infections, heterosexually infected men aged ≥25 years had a lower chance of being diagnosed as recent infections. In the sub-groups with different screening approaches, the highest proportion of recent infections (16.1%) was found among women diagnosed by testing during pregnancy and childbirth. In the sub-groups with different contact histories, the higher proportion of recent infections was found among the female cases having commercial heterosexual contacts (16.4%) and MSM (19.7%). The statistically significant spatial clusters of recent infections attributed to heterosexual contact, homosexual contact and intravenous drug injection were identified, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The investigation of recent HIV infections among newly diagnosed cases supplements the routine HIV surveillance, and reveals the characteristics of ongoing HIV transmission. Our finding identified the potential sub-populations and geographic areas in need of services or improved interventions.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135465, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733913

RESUMO

Carbon trading has become a major innovation for many countries to cope with climate change, where in China the 7 pilot markets have been running for over 6 years with different performances shown. Being the actual venue where buyers and sellers trade carbon permits, how well and efficient a carbon trading exchange is designed directly affects whether the market can fulfill its environmental purpose. This paper selects 13 sub-indicators from three dimensions of main settings, risk prevention & control, and regional cooperation to evaluate the serviceability of the 7 exchanges in pilot carbon markets in China. Using which as input indicator and market operational effect as output indicator that represented by 5 sub-indicators including percentage of valid trading days, dispersion of trading volume etc., the study attempts to analyze how the serviceability of exchanges affect market operation. By applying the SUP-CCR-DEA (Super-efficiency CCR Data Envelope Analyze) model on 7 exchanges' trading data from 2013 to 2017, the study finds that the serviceability of the exchanges varies significantly, with Shanghai being the best and Shenzhen ranks the second. Obvious stratification is detected but with small changes during the four years observed, differences in main settings and transaction management system being the primary cause. It is found that the serviceability has a direct and significant impact on the market performance for all 6 exchanges except for Tianjin, and for those top-ranked exchanges, strong enforcement system and legally binding agreements contribute to their high service efficiency.

15.
Biomaterials ; : 119602, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735448

RESUMO

Recent studies indicate that exogenous chemotherapy agents can cross the placenta barrier and cause fetal toxicity, while there exists barely alternative therapy for pregnant cancer patients. Here, we show a robust protective effect of layered double hydroxide (LDH) against etoposide (VP16) induced in vitro mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) toxicity and in vivo embryo developmental disorders. The nano-composite system (L-V) abrogated the original VP16 generated mitochondrial mediated mESCs toxicity totally, surprisingly maintained the pluripotency without leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and prevented the down-regulation of ectoderm marker expression during spontaneous embryoid bodies differentiation. Fetal growth retardation, the related placenta and skeletal structural abnormalities and long-term toxicity in the offspring were generated when pregnant mice exposed to VP16, while these detrimental effects were abolished when substituted with L-V. The different uterine drug accumulation of VP16 and L-V contributed to partly cause for the functional variation. And further transcriptome analysis confirmed developmental related BMP4-SMAD6 signaling pathway is of crucial importance. Our study revealed the devastating effects of VP16 on embryonic development and the toxicity-relieve method using nano-carrier system, which will provide important guidance for clinical application of LDH as alternative therapeutic system with minimal side effects for pregnant women diagnosed with cancer.

16.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122379, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735698

RESUMO

Insufficient organics in anaerobic digestate of sludge limited algal mixotrophic culture and caused low lipids production. In this study, enhancing lipids production and pollutants removal by adding acidified starch wastewater was tested for Chlorella pyrenoidosa mixotrophic culture. The results showed that an optimal addition of acidified starch wastewater into anaerobic digestate of sludge (1:1, v/v) improved biomass and lipids production by 0.5-fold (to 2.59 g·L-1) and 3.2-fold (87.3 mg·L-1·d-1), respectively. The acidified starch wastewater addition also improved the quality of algal biodiesel with higher saturation (typically in C16:0 and C18:0). In addition, 62% of total organic carbon, 99% of ammonium and 95% of orthophosphate in mixed wastewater were effectively removed by microalgae. This study provides a promising way to improve biodiesel production and nutrients recovery from anaerobic digestate of sludge using waste carbon source.

17.
Protein Expr Purif ; 167: 105526, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689499

RESUMO

The E2 envelope protein is the main protective antigen of classical swine fever virus (CSFV). Importantly, gram-positive enhancer matrix (GEM) particles can work as an immunostimulant and/or carrier system to improve the immune effect of antigens. In this study, the artificially designed E2-Spy was expressed and glycosylated in Pichia pastoris, and subsequently conjugated with SpyCatcher-PA which was expressed in Escherichia coli. The conjugated E2-Spy-PA was displayed on the surface of GEM particles, generating the E2-Spy-PA-GEM complex. Blocking ELISA analysis and neutralization assays showed that both E2-Spy and E2-Spy-PA-GEM complexes induced high levels of anti-CSFV antibodies in mice. Furthermore, statistical analyses indicated that the E2-Spy-PA-GEM complex exhibited enhanced immunogenicity compared with E2-Spy alone.

18.
Target Oncol ; 14(6): 719-728, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) is an emerging technology for quantitative cell-free DNA oncology applications. However, a ddPCR assay for the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) p.Thr790Met (T790M) mutation suitable for clinical use remains to be established with analytical and clinical validations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate a new ddPCR assay to quantify the T790M mutation in plasma for monitoring and predicting the progression of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Specificity of the ddPCR assay was evaluated with genomic DNA samples from healthy individuals. The inter- and intraday variations of the assay were evaluated using mixtures of plasmid DNA containing wild-type EGFR and T790M mutation sequences. We assessed the clinical utility of the T790M assay in a multicenter prospective study in patients with advanced NSCLC receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment by analyzing longitudinal plasma DNA samples. RESULTS: We set the criteria for a positive call when the following conditions were satisfied: (1) T790M mutation frequency > 0.098% (3 standard deviations above the background signal); (2) at least two positive droplets in duplicate ddPCR reactions. Among the 62 patients with advanced NSCLC exhibiting resistance to TKI treatment, 15 had one or more serial plasma samples that tested positive for T790M. T790M mutation was detected in the plasma as early as 205 days (median 95 days) before disease progression, determined by imaging analysis. Plasma T790M concentrations also correlated with intervention after disease progression. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a ddPCR assay to quantify the T790M mutation in plasma. Quantification of longitudinal plasma T790M mutation may allow noninvasive assessment of drug resistance and guide follow-up treatment in TKI-treated patients with NSCLC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials.gov identifier: NCT02804100.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678102

RESUMO

Diclofenac sodium (DS) is an emerging contaminant that is toxic and remains at high concentrations in natural aquatic environments. The aim of this study was to fabricate a novel spherical polymeric adsorbent composed of cross-linked chitosan beads grafted by polyethylenimine (PEI) to remove DS from water. The adsorbents were thoroughly characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, elemental analyses, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A cross-linking step was expected to enhance adsorption. The experimental data obtained from a series of adsorption experiments were fit well by the Langmuir isotherm model and pseudo-second-order model. The epichlorohydrin-PEI adsorbent (EPCS@PEI) showed a maximum adsorption capacity of 253.32 mg/g and removal efficiency of nearly 100% for the DS in the initial 50 mg/L solution. Therefore, EPCS@PEI is proposed as a potential adsorbent for DS removal, where these initial findings are expected to promote further design and fabrication of effective adsorbents for practical applications.

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(5): 4558-4566, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702021

RESUMO

Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is regulated by a variety of intracellular regulatory factors including osterix, runt­related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), bone morphogenetic proteins and transforming growth factorß. Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRs) serve a crucial role in this process. In the present study, miR­483­3p levels were significantly increased during osteogenic differentiation of mouse and human BMSCs. Overexpression of miR­483­3p promoted osteogenic differentiation, whereas inhibition of miR­483­3p reversed these effects. miR­483­3p regulated osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by targeting STAT1, and thus enhancing RUNX2 transcriptional activity and RUNX2 nuclear translocation. In vivo, overexpression of miR­483­3p using a BMSC­specific aptamer delivery system stimulated bone formation in aged mice. Therefore, the present study suggested that miR­483­3p promoted osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by targeting STAT1, and miR­483­3 prepresent a potential therapeutic target for age­related bone loss.

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