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1.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 136919, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272626

RESUMO

The challenge for simultaneous detection and removal of Hg2+ is the design of bifunctional materials bearing abundant accessible chelating sites with high affinity. Covalent-organic frameworks (COFs) are attracting more and more attention as potential bifunctional materials for Hg2+ detection due to their large specific surface area, ordered pores, and abundant chelating sites. Here, a new luminous S,N-rich COFBTT-AMPD based on hydrophilic block unit of 2,2'-azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (AMPD) was constructed, which improved the solubility and affinity for Hg2+ greatly. Another S-rich fused-ring unit of benzotrithiophene tricarbalaldehyde (BTT) enhanced the conjugation of COFBTT-AMPD, and the methyl-rich chains block unit of AMPD effectively suppressed the aggregation-caused quenching. Thus, the COFBTT-AMPD emitted strong fluorescence at 546 nm in liquid and solid as well as different solvent with a wide pH range, which was used for the visual detection and removal of Hg2+ (detection limit: 2.6 nM, linear range: 8.6 × 10-3-20 µM, monolayer adsorption capacity: 476.19 mg g-1) successfully. COFBTT-AMPD-based fabric and light-emitting diode coatings were further constructed to realize the visual detection of Hg2+ vapor. The results reveal the potential of S,N-rich luminous COFBTT-AMPD for Hg2+ detection and remediation in the environment.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Adsorção , Solventes , Fluorescência
2.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128236, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332872

RESUMO

The poor total nitrogen (TN) removal rate achieved using microorganisms to treat wastewater polluted with multiple types of nitrogen was improved using a novel simultaneous nitrification and denitrification strain (Klebsiella oxytoca EN-B2). Strain EN-B2 rapidly eliminated ammonium, nitrate, and nitrite, giving maximum elimination rates of 4.58, 7.46, and 7.83 mg/(L h), respectively, equivalent to TN elimination rates of 4.35, 6.92, and 7.11 mg/(L h), respectively. The simultaneous nitrification and denitrification system gave ammonium and nitrite elimination rates of 7.14 and 9.17 mg/(L h), respectively, and a TN elimination rate ≥ 9.0 mg/(L h). Nitrogen balance calculations indicated that 51.22 %, 31.62 % and 46.82 % of TN in systems containing only ammonium, nitrite, and nitrate, respectively, were lost as nitrogenous gases. The ammonia monooxygenase, hydroxylamine oxidoreductase, nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase enzyme activities were determined. The results indicated that strain EN-B2 can be used to treat wastewater polluted with multiple types of nitrogen.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Purificação da Água , Nitrificação , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio , Nitritos , Klebsiella oxytoca , Águas Residuárias , Nitratos , Processos Heterotróficos , Aerobiose , Purificação da Água/métodos
3.
Food Chem ; 403: 134263, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36166927

RESUMO

To comprehensively analyse flavour substance formation in Congou black tea, dynamic changes in non-volatile and volatile compositions and enzymatic activity were analysed. In total, 107 non-volatile and 222 volatile compositions were identified via ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-exactive mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Exactive/MS) and stir bar sorptive extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SBSE-GC-MS), and eight metabolic pathways were explored during tea processing. Significant variations in metabolites were observed during processing (P < 0.05), especially in the fermentation stage, including high accumulation of taste and colour substances due to decreased flavonoid synthase activity and elevated oxidase activity. Correlation analysis clarified that the mutual transformation between non-volatile and volatile substances occurs in certain types of processing, including amino acids, amino acid-derived volatiles (AADVs), glycosidically bound volatiles (GBVs), and volatile terpenoids (VTs). Our study provides a detailed overview of the dynamic changes of in flavour substrates and key enzyme activities during Congou black tea processing.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Chá/química , Paladar , Odorantes/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Camellia sinensis/química , Aromatizantes/análise , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Redes e Vias Metabólicas
4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115697, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087846

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Borneol (BO) represents a global trade-driven spreading of ethnic medicine traceable to the classical age, and won its name specific to its original habitat "Borneo". BO shows broad spectral pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, inducing resuscitation, and widely applied in the protection and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, used singly or mostly in compound formulae. AIM OF THE STUDY: Three stereoscopic configuration forms of BO, l-borneol (LB), d-borneol (DB), and dl-borneol (synthetic, SB), are formulated in broad spectral application, yet their diverse pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties caused by configurations, and accurate assay and quality assessment are often overlooked. A systematic review and analysis of lumped studies and applications is necessary to clarify the relationship between configuration and its original plant, analysis method, activity and side effect BO in order to guarantee the efficacy and safety during their application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The public databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure were referenced to summarize a comprehensive research and application data of BO published up to date. RESULTS: This review includes following sections: History and current status, Stereochemistry, Ethnopharmacology, and Quality assessment. In the section of history, the changes of the plant origins of the two isomeric forms of natural BO were described respectively, and the methods for synthetic racemate SB were also included. The section of stereochemistry deals with the stereoscopic structures, physical/chemical property, optical rotation of the three forms of BO, as well as the main related substances like isoborneol, obtained in SB via chemical transformation of camphor and turpentine oil. In the section of Ethnopharmacology, pharmacological activities and pharmacokinetics of different forms of BO were discussed. BO is usually used as an "adjuvant", by enhancing the permeability of the blood-brain barrier and intervene the ADME/T pathways of the other ingredients in the same formulation. In the section of quality assessment, the analytical methods, including chromatography, especially GC, and spectroscopy were addressed on the chiral separation of the coexisting enantiomers. CONCLUSIONS: This overview systematically summarized three forms of BO in terms of history, stereochemistry, ethnopharmacology, and quality assessment, which, hopefully, can provide valuable information and strategy for more reasonable application and development of the globally reputed ethnic medicine borneol with characteristics in stereochemistry.


Assuntos
Antipiréticos , Cânfora , Analgésicos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Canfanos , Etnofarmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Terebintina
5.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(4): 849-855, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204853

RESUMO

The mitochondrial permeability transition pore is a nonspecific transmembrane channel. Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening has been shown to alleviate mitochondrial swelling, calcium overload, and axonal degeneration. Cyclophilin D is an important component of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Whether cyclophilin D participates in mitochondrial impairment and axonal injury after intracerebral hemorrhage is not clear. In this study, we established mouse models of intracerebral hemorrhage in vivo by injection of autologous blood and oxyhemoglobin into the striatum in Thy1-YFP mice, in which pyramidal neurons and axons express yellow fluorescent protein. We also simulated intracerebral hemorrhage in vitro in PC12 cells using oxyhemoglobin. We found that axonal degeneration in the early stage of intracerebral hemorrhage depended on mitochondrial swelling induced by cyclophilin D activation and mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening. We further investigated the mechanism underlying the role of cyclophilin D in mouse models and PC12 cell models of intracerebral hemorrhage. We found that both cyclosporin A inhibition and short hairpin RNA interference of cyclophilin D reduced mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening and mitochondrial injury. In addition, inhibition of cyclophilin D and mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening protected corticospinal tract integrity and alleviated motor dysfunction caused by intracerebral hemorrhage. Our findings suggest that cyclophilin D is used as a key mediator of axonal degeneration after intracerebral hemorrhage; inhibition of cyclophilin D expression can protect mitochondrial structure and function and further alleviate corticospinal tract injury and motor dysfunction after intracerebral hemorrhage. Our findings provide a therapeutic target for preventing axonal degeneration of white matter injury and subsequent functional impairment in central nervous diseases.

6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 115944, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410574

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fuzheng Xiaoai Decoction 1 (FZXAD1) is a clinical experience prescription for the treatment of cancer patients at an advanced stage. FZXAD1 has been used for more than 10 years in the clinic and can effectively improve the deficiency syndrome of cancer patients. However, its mechanisms need further clarification. AIM OF THE STUDY: To check the effects of FZXAD1 in colon 26 (C26) cancer cachexia mice and try to clarify the mechanisms of FZXAD1 in ameliorating cancer cachexia symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An animal model of cancer cachexia was constructed with male BALB/c mice bearing C26 tumor cells. Food intake, body weight and tumor size were measured daily during the animal experiment. Tissue samples in different groups including tumor and gastrocnemius muscle, were dissected and weighed at the end of the assay. Serum biochemical indicators such as total protein (TP), glucose (GLU) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were also detected. Network pharmacology-based analysis predicted the possible targets and signaling pathways involved in the effects of FZXAD1 on cancer cachexia therapy. Western blotting assays of the gastrocnemius muscle tissues from C26 tumor-bearing mice were then used to confirm the predicted possible targets of FZXAD1. RESULTS: The results of animal experiments showed that FZXAD1 could ameliorate cancer cachexia by alleviating the muscle wasting as well as kidney atrophy and increasing the body weight of cancer cachexia mice. AKT1, MTOR, MAPK3, HIF1A and MAPK1 were predicted as the core targets of FZXAD1. Western blotting confirmed the prediction that FZXAD1 increased the expression levels of phosphorylated Akt and mTOR in the muscle tissues. In addition, FZXAD1 treatment obviously ameliorated the increased levels of HIF-1α and phosphorylated Erk1/2 in C26 tumor-bearing mice. CONCLUSION: FZXAD1 effectively ameliorated cancer cachexia in an animal model of mice, which is consistent with its efficacy in the treatment of cancer patients. The mechanisms of FZXAD1 might be mainly based on its alleviating effects on muscle atrophy by activating the Akt-mTOR pathway and thus helping to maintain body weight.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(31): 11442-11453, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether video aids can improve the quality of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). AIM: To summarize simulation-based studies aiming at improving bystander CPR associated with the quality of chest compression and time-related quality parameters. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. All relevant studies were searched through PubMed, EMBASE, Medline and Cochrane Library databases. The risk of bias was evaluated using the Cochrane collaboration tool. RESULTS: A total of 259 studies were eligible for inclusion, and 6 randomised controlled trial studies were ultimately included. The results of meta-analysis indicated that video-assisted CPR (V-CPR) was significantly associated with the improved mean chest compression rate [OR = 0.66 (0.49-0.82), P < 0.001], and the proportion of chest compression with correct hand positioning [OR = 1.63 (0.71-2.55), P < 0.001]. However, the difference in mean chest compression depth was not statistically significant [OR = 0.18 (-0.07-0.42), P = 0.15], and V-CPR was not associated with the time to first chest compression compared to telecommunicator CPR [OR = -0.12 (-0.88-0.63), P = 0.75]. CONCLUSION: Video real-time guidance by the dispatcher can improve the quality of bystander CPR to a certain extent. However, the quality is still not ideal, and there is a lack of guidance caused by poor video signal or inadequate interaction.

8.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1018362, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388198

RESUMO

Purpose: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a serious neurodegenerative disease affecting the elderly. In general, the locomotion deficit, which seriously affects the daily life of patients with PD, usually occurs at a later stage. The mask face symptom meanwhile progressively worsens. However, facial muscle disorders and changes involved in the freezing mask are unclear. Method: In this study, we recruited 35 patients with PD and 26 age- and sex-balanced controls to undergo phonation tests, while the built-in camera on the laptop recorded their facial expressions during the whole pronunciation process. Furthermore, FaceReader (version 7.0; Noldus Information Technology, Wageningen, Netherlands) was used to analyze changes in PD facial landmark movement and region movement. Results: The two-tailed Student's t-test showed that the changes in facial landmark movement among 49 landmarks were significantly lower in patients with PD than in the control group (P < 0.05). The data on facial region movement revealed that the eyes and upper lip of patients with PD differed significantly from those in the control group. Conclusion: Patients with PD had defects in facial landmark movement and regional movement when producing a single syllable, double syllable, and multiple syllables, which may be related to reduced facial expressions in patients with PD.

9.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1022273, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388530

RESUMO

The taxonomic terms "Phlomis" and "Phlomoides" had been used to describe two sections within the genus Phlomis belonging to the Lamiaceae family. Recently, phylogenetic analyses using molecular markers showed that Phlomis and Phlomoides formed two monophyletic clades, and thus they are generally accepted as separate genera. In this study, we assembled the complete chloroplast genome of Phlomis fruticosa, which is the first reported chloroplast genome belonging to Phlomis genus, as well as the complete chloroplast genome of Phlomoides strigosa belonging to Phlomoides genus. The results showed that the length of chloroplast genome was 151,639 bp (Phlomis fruticosa) and 152,432 bp (Phlomoides strigosa), with conserved large single copy regions, small single copy regions, and inverted repeat regions. 121 genes in Phlomis fruticosa and 120 genes in Phlomoides strigosa were annotated. The chloroplast genomes of Phlomis fruticosa, Phlomoides strigosa, and three reported Phlomoides species, as well as those of 51 species from the Lamiaceae family, which covered 12 subfamilies, were subjected to phylogenetic analyses. The Phlomis and Phlomoides species were split into two groups, which were well supported by both maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference tree analyses. Our study provided further evidence to recognize Phlomis and Phlomoides as independent genera.

10.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(20): 1110, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388821

RESUMO

Background: Currently, the prediction values of models for the prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) were ordinary and establishing a better prediction model is necessary. Nursing notes are an important predictor of in-hospital mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. This study established prognostic prediction models for AKI patients receiving CRRT especially using nursing notes. Methods: Totally, 682 AKI patients undergoing CRRT were included. AKI was diagnosed based on Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Four hundred and twelve patients lacking nursing notes data were excluded. Finally, 270 patients were included and randomly divided into a training set (n=189) and a testing set (n=81) at a ratio of 7:3. Univariate analysis explored the possible predictors of mortality in AKI patients receiving CRRT. Random forest models and broad learning system (BLS) models (with or without sentiment scores) were respectively constructed in the training set and verified in the testing set. The performances of the models were assessed by the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC). Results: For the random forest model including the sentiment scores, the AUC was 0.86 (95% CI: 0.81-0.91), the sensitivity was 0.72 (95% CI: 0.63-0.80), and the specificity was 0.87 (95% CI: 0.80-0.94) in the training set and the AUC was 0.78 (95% CI: 0.68-0.88), the sensitivity was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.49-0.80), and the specificity was 0.75 (95% CI: 0.62-0.88) in the testing set. For the BLS model including the sentiment scores, the AUC was 0.87 (95% CI: 0.82-0.92), the sensitivity was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.91-0.99) and the specificity was 0.48 (95% CI: 0.38-0.59) in the training set and the AUC was 0.82 (95% CI: 0.73-0.91), the sensitivity was 0.41 (95% CI: 0.25-0.56) and the specificity was 0.98 (95% CI: 0.93-1.00) in the testing set. Conclusions: The BLS models including the sentiment scores might offer a tool for quickly identifying patients AKI patients receiving CRRT with high risk of mortality and providing timely interventions to them for improving their prognosis.

11.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 8081-8092, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389018

RESUMO

Objective: Biomarkers for the acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) are urgently needed to provide better patient management. We aimed to investigate whether serum 1,25(OH)2D3 (1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3) levels predict AE-IPF and whether they could be a potential prognostic biomarker for IPF. Participants and Methods: This prospective study included 72 patients with IPF (31 with stable IPF and 41 with AE-IPF). All participants were recruited during hospitalisation at Tianjin Chest Hospital and were followed up for at least 12 months. Demographics, comorbidities, arterial blood gas, and serum biochemical profile, radiological features, and anti-fibrotic therapy were evaluated. Serum concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D3 and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFß1) were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Risk factors for AE-IPF were identified using multivariate analysis. Prognostic factors were assessed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. Results: Baseline values of alveolar-arterial oxygen difference (A-aDO2) (40.85 mmHg vs 29.2 mmHg, p =0.035), white blood cell counts (10.09 ± 4.2×109/L vs 7.46 ± 7.84×109/L, p <0.001), percentage of monocytes (7.36 ± 1.36% vs 6.6 ± 1.2%, p =0.017), C-reactive protein (CRP) (2.1 mg/dL vs 1.12 mg/dL, p =0.015) and procalcitonin (PCT) (36.59% vs 3.23%, p <0.001) were significantly higher in AE-IPF patients than in stable IPF patients. Instead, the mean concentration of serum calcium and 1,25(OH)2D3 at baseline were higher in IPF patients with stable disease than in those with acute exacerbation (2.17 ± 0.13 nmol/L vs 2.09 ± 0.13 nmol/L, p =0.023 and 16.62 pg/mL vs 11.58 pg/mL, p <0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, a higher proportion of patients with lower serum 1,25(OH)2D3 levels experienced AE-IPF (OR 0.884, 95% CI 0.791-0.987, p =0.029), and rising serum PCT level (PCT > 0.05 ng/mL) was associated with an increased risk of mortality (HR 3.664, 95% CI 1.010-12.900, p =0.043). Conclusion: Decreased serum 1,25(OH)2D3 is associated with an increased risk of acute exacerbation for patients with IPF. A high serum PCT level is predictive of worse prognosis in IPF patients. 1,25(OH)2D3 may be a potential biomarker for AE-IPF, while PCT could be a prognostic biomarker for IPF.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385099

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are an essential proportion of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and have immunosuppressive functions. The high plasticity and corresponding phenotypic transformation of TAMs facilitate oncogenesis and progression, and suppress antineoplastic responses. Due to the uncontrolled proliferation of tumor cells, metabolism homeostasis is regulated, leading to a series of alterations in the metabolite profiles in the TME, which have a commensurate influence on immune cells. Metabolic reprogramming of the TME has a profound impact on the polarization and function of TAMs, and can alter their metabolic profiles. TAMs undergo a series of metabolic reprogramming processes, involving glucose, lipid, and amino acid metabolism, and other metabolic pathways, which terminally promote the development of the immunosuppressive phenotype. TAMs express a pro-tumor phenotype by increasing glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, cholesterol efflux, and arginine, tryptophan, glutamate, and glutamine metabolism. Previous studies on the metabolism of TAMs demonstrated that metabolic reprogramming has intimate crosstalk with anti-tumor or pro-tumor phenotypes and is crucial for the function of TAMs themselves. Targeting metabolism-related pathways is emerging as a promising therapeutic modality because of the massive metabolic remodeling that occurs in malignant cells and TAMs. Evidence reveals that the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors is improved when combined with therapeutic strategies targeting metabolism-related pathways. In-depth research on metabolic reprogramming and potential therapeutic targets provides more options for anti-tumor treatment and creates new directions for the development of new immunotherapy methods. In this review, we elucidate the metabolic reprogramming of TAMs and explore how they sustain immunosuppressive phenotypes to provide a perspective for potential metabolic therapies.

13.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 922029, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386161

RESUMO

In the past decade, immunotherapy has been the most promising treatment for gastrointestinal tumors. But the low response rate and drug resistance remain major concerns. It is therefore imperative to develop adjuvant therapies to increase the effectiveness of immunotherapy and prevent drug resistance. Ginseng has been used in Traditional Chinese medicine as a natural immune booster for thousands of years. The active components of ginseng, ginsenosides, have played an essential role in tumor treatment for decades and are candidates for anti-tumor adjuvant therapy. They are hypothesized to cooperate with immunotherapy drugs to improve the curative effect and reduce tumor resistance and adverse reactions. This review summarizes the research into the use of ginsenosides in immunotherapy of gastrointestinal tumors and discusses potential future applications.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 949566, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386184

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. Clinical success is suboptimal owing to late diagnosis, limited treatment options, high recurrence rates, and the development of drug resistance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a range of small endogenous non-coding RNAs that are 22 nucleotides in length, have emerged as one of the most important players in cancer initiation and progression in recent decades. Current evidence has revealed the pivotal roles of miRNAs in regulating cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis in NSCLC. Recently, several studies have demonstrated that miRNAs are strongly associated with resistance to anti-cancer drugs, ranging from traditional chemotherapeutic and immunotherapy drugs to anti-vascular drugs, and even during radiotherapy. In this review, we briefly introduce the mechanism of miRNA dysregulation and resistance to anti-tumor therapy in NSCLC, and summarize the role of miRNAs in the malignant process of NSCLC. We then discuss studies of resistance-related miRNAs in chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and anti-vascular therapy in NSCLC. Finally, we will explore the application prospects of miRNA, an emerging small molecule, for future anti-tumor therapy. This review is the first to summarize the latest research progress on miRNAs in anti-cancer drug resistance based on drug classification, and to discuss their potential clinical applications.

15.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1015235, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387229

RESUMO

Recent studies have identified cuproptosis, a new mechanism of regulating cell death. Accumulating evidence suggests that copper homeostasis is associated with tumorigenesis and tumor progression, however, the clinical significance of cuproptosis in gastric cancer (GC) is unclear. In this study, we obtained 26 prognostic cuproptosis-related lncRNAs (CRLs) based on 19 cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) via Pearson correlation analysis, differential expression analysis, and univariate Cox analysis. A risk model based on 10 CRLs was established with the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model to predict the prognosis and immune landscape of GC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The risk model has excellent accuracy and efficiency in predicting prognosis of GC patients (Area Under Curve (AUC) = 0.742, 0.803, 0.806 at 1,3,5 years, respectively, P < 0.05). In addition, we found that the risk score was negatively correlated with the infiltration of natural killer (NK) cells and helper T cells, while positively correlated with the infiltration of monocytes, macrophages, mast cells, and neutrophils. Moreover, we evaluated the difference in drug sensitivity of patients with different risk patterns. Furthermore, low-risk patients showed higher tumor mutation burden (TMB) and better immunotherapy response than high-risk patients. In the end, we confirmed the oncogenic role of AL121748.1 which exhibited the highest Hazard Ratio (HR) value among 10 CRLs in GC via cellular functional experiments. In conclusion, our risk model shows a significant role in tumor immunity and could be applied to predict the prognosis of GC patients.

16.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1032213, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387244

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to investigate the prognostic value of changes in hematological and inflammatory markers during induction chemotherapy (IC) and concurrent chemo-radiation (CCRT), thus construct nomograms to predict progression free survival (PFS) of patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LANPC). Methods: 130 patients were included in this prospective analysis. Univariate and multivariate cox regression analyses were conducted to identify prognostic factors. Three multivariate analyses integrating different groups of variables were conducted independently. Concordance indexes (c-index), calibration plots and Kaplan-Meier curves were used to evaluate the nomograms. Bootstrap validation was performed to determine the accuracy of the nomogram using 1000 resamples. The performances of proposed nomograms and TNM staging system were compared to validate the prognostic value of hematological and inflammatory markers. Results: Pretreatment gross tumor volume of nodal disease (GTVn), Δe/bHGB (hemoglobin count at end of treatment/baseline hemoglobin count), and stage were selected as predictors for 3-year PFS in first multivariate analysis of clinical factors. The second multivariate analysis of clinical factors and all hematological variables demonstrated that ΔminLYM (minimum lymphocyte count during CCRT/lymphocyte count post-IC), pretreatment GTVn and stage were associated with 3-year PFS. Final multivariate analysis, incorporating all clinical factors, hematological variables and inflammatory markers, identified the following prognostic factors: pretreatment GTVn, stage, ΔmaxPLR (maximum platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) during CCRT/PLR post-IC), and ΔminPLT (minimum platelet count during CCRT/platelet count post-IC). Calibration plots showed agreement between the PFS predicted by the nomograms and actual PFS. Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated that patients in the high-risk group had shorter PFS than those in the low-risk group (P ≤ 0.001). The c-indexes of the three nomograms for PFS were 0.742 (95% CI, 0.639-0.846), 0.766 (95% CI, 0.661-0.871) and 0.815 (95% CI,0.737-0.893) respectively, while c-index of current TNM staging system was 0.633 (95% CI, 0.531-0.736). Conclusion: We developed and validated a nomogram for predicting PFS in patients with LANPC who received induction chemotherapy and concurrent chemo-radiation. Our study confirmed the prognostic value of dynamic changes in hematological and inflammatory markers. The proposed nomogram outperformed the current TNM staging system in predicting PFS, facilitating risk stratification and guiding individualized treatment plans.

17.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(10): 7308-7323, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains the most common type of lung cancer and is associated with distant metastasis and poor prognosis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays crucial roles in carcinogenesis, embryogenesis, and wound healing. EMT-related molecules may be adopted for early diagnosis and prognosis of cancer and targeting them may constitute an attractive strategy for treatment. This study aims to identify the EMT-related long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and develop a risk signature to accurately predict the prognosis of LUAD patients. METHODS: The RNA-seq data and corresponding clinical profiles were obtained from LUAD cohort of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. EMT-related lncRNAs significantly associated with prognosis were identified by Pearson correlation analysis and univariate regression analysis. Subsequently, an EMT-related prognostic risk signature was developed through LASSO and multivariate regression analyses. Kaplan Meier and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were implemented to assess the predictive performance of the signature. The nomogram was constructed to predict the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival of LUAD patients. Additionally, enrichment analyses were carried out to identify probable biologic processes and cellular pathways involved in the signature. The correlation of immune cell infiltration and risk score was also evaluated by CIBERSORT algorithm. Finally, we constructed a ceRNA network to further study possible downstream targets and molecular mechanisms of EMT-related lncRNAs in LUAD. RESULTS: Eight EMT-related lncRNAs were identified to develop a prognostic risk signature in LUAD. Patients with high-risk scores had worse survival outcomes than those with low-risk scores. The signature showed robust predictive potential, and was verified to be an independent prognostic factor. Moreover, the risk score based on the signature was significantly correlated with immune cell infiltration in LUAD. CONCLUSIONS: We established and validated a prognostic signature that reflects the tumor microenvironment characteristics and predicts the outcomes for LUAD.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401588

RESUMO

Integrating a molecular catalyst with a light harvester into a photocatalyst is an effective strategy for solar light conversion. However, it is challenging to establish a crystallized framework with well-organized connections that favour charge separation and transfer. Herein, we report the heterogenization of a Salen metal complex molecular catalyst into a rigid covalent organic framework (COF) through covalent linkage with the light-harvesting unit of pyrene for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. The chemically conjugated bonds between the two units contribute to fast photogenerated electron transfer and thereby promote the proton reduction reaction. The Salen cobalt-based COF showed the best hydrogen evolution activity (1378 µmol g-1 h-1), which is superior to the previously reported nonnoble metal based COF photocatalysts. This work provides a strategy to construct atom-efficient photocatalysts by the heterogenization of molecular catalysts into covalent organic frameworks.

19.
Chemistry ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401597

RESUMO

Due to the limited resources and high cost of noble metals, how to boost their catalytic activities is highly desired in the current catalysis industry. Here, we report a synergetic catalyst, combining Pd2+ and Pd0 species in a nitrogen-doped porous carbons (NPC), which shows boosted catalytic activities in hydrogenation reactions of organic nitro compounds (nitrobenzene, 4-nitrophenol, 1-nitronaphthalene and 1-nitropropane) under near ambient conditions. This synergetic catalyst NPC-[Pd] was synthesized by partial reduction of a palladium-loaded NPC. The catalytic activities and selectivity of NPC-[Pd] for hydrogenation were enhanced significantly compared with those of NPC-Pd2+ or NPC-Pd0 nanoparticles. Theoretical calculations show that H2 preferentially dissociates on Pd nanoparticles, and then organic molecules (nitrobenzene) can be captured and react with the dissociated H atom on Pd2+ sites. Similar reaction procedure also occur on Pt or Rh. Hydrogenation of different aromatic compounds with different functional groups (naphthalene, 4-nitrochlorobenzene, benzaldehyde and acetophenone) confirmed the broad excellent catalytic activity of this synergistic catalyst.

20.
J Exp Bot ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402548

RESUMO

Seed dormancy accumulation and release is a finely regulated genetic program controlled by various environmental and developmental cues that are critical for plant survival and expansion. Light plays a key role in seed dormancy and germination, whereas the molecular mechanism underlying how light controls dormancy level is unclear. In the present study, WOX11 was identified as a hub transcription factor during the seed dormancy induction and release stages by high-resolution temporal RNA-Seq in Arabidopsis. This gene may have evolved from gymnosperms and expanded in angiosperms with highly conserved expression patterns in seeds. WOX11 and its homolog WOX12 were highly expressed from 2 days after pollination, and mRNA abundance was highly increased in the seed dormancy induction and release stages. We further demonstrated that WOX11 plays a role in the regulation of seed dormancy downstream of PHYB-mediated red light signaling during the seed dormancy accumulation stage, which indicates that WOX11/12 are newly identified components of red light signaling transduction and have roles in seed dormancy regulation. Altogether, our results suggested that WOX11/12-mediated PHYB signaling regulates seed dormancy in Arabidopsis, providing insight into the developmental regulation and evolutionary adaptation of plants to light environment changes.

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