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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302248

RESUMO

Cover crops (CCs) have been increasingly cultivated to boost soil quality, crop yield, and minimize environmental degradation compared with no cover crops (NCCs). There is no consensus of CCs under different climatic conditions on soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC), soil microbial biomass nitrogen (SMBN), and soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen ratio (SMBC/SMBN) are yet documented. Thus, a global meta-analysis of 40 currently available literature was carried out to elucidate the effect of CCs on SMBC and SMBN, and its ratio for cash and cover cropping systems was conducted. Our findings demonstrated that CCs increased SMBC, SMBN, and SMBC/SMBN ratios by 39, 51, and 20%, respectively, as compared to NCCs. The categorical meta-analyzes showed that the mixture of legume and nonlegume CCs decreased the SMBC, SMBN, and SMBC/SMBN ratios relative to the sole legume or nonlegume CCs. Nonlegume CCs enhanced the SMBC, SMBN, and SMBC/SMBN ratio compared to legume CCs. When CCs residues were incorporated into the soil or surface mulched, the SMBC and SMBN increased compared to the removal of residues. The effect of CCs on the SMBN and SMBC/SMBN ratio was higher in medium-textured soils compared to coarser or fine-textured soils, but coarser-textured soils have a higher SMBC. The effect of CCs on SMBN and SMBC/SMBN ratio was prominent on medium-textured soils having soil organic carbon (SOC) in the range of 10-20 mg g-1, pH > 6.5, and total nitrogen (TN) in the range of 1-2%. It was concluded that CCs enhanced SMBC, SMBN, and its ratio compared to NCCs. The response, however, varied depending on the soil properties and climatic region. Cover crops can boost the biological soil's health by increasing the microbial population's abundance compared to NCCs.

2.
Exp Neurol ; 344: 113805, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242631

RESUMO

Mild behavioral impairment (MBI), which can include compulsive behavior, is an early sign of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but its underlying neural mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we show that 3-5-month-old APP/PS1 mice display obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)-like behavior. The number of parvalbumin-positive (PV) interneurons and level of high gamma (γhigh) oscillation are significantly decreased in the striatum of AD mice. This is accompanied by enhanced ß-γhigh coupling and firing rates of putative striatal projection neurons (SPNs), indicating decorrelation between PV interneurons and SPNs. Local field potentials (LFPs) simultaneously recorded in prefrontal cortex (PFC) and striatum (Str) demonstrate a decrease in γhigh-band coherent activity and spike-field coherence in corticostriatal circuits of APP/PS1 mice. Furthermore, levels of GABAB receptor (GABABR), but not GABAA receptor (GABAAR), and glutamatergic receptors, were markedly reduced, in line with presymptomatic AD-related behavioral changes. These findings suggest that MBI occurs as early as 3-5 months in APP/PS1 mice and that altered corticostriatal synchronization may play a role in mediating the behavioral phenotypes observed.

3.
Epilepsy Res ; 176: 106722, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273723

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder which is characterized by brain hyper-excitability and manifests as seizure. Due to its complicated pathogenesis, treatment for epilepsy still remains a huge challenge for neurology in the whole world. MciroRNA-134 (miR-134) is one kind of miRNAs which was firstly found abundant in synapses. In this study, we tried to unveil the role of inhibiting MciroRNA-134-5p (miR-134-5p) in excitotoxicity induced by kainic acid (KA) in the hippocampal neurons (HT22) cells. The results showed that treatment of KA increased the expression of miR-134-5p significantly and caused marked neuron excitotoxicity, evidenced by risen cell death rate, higher LDH release and aggravated cell viability. After suppressing miR-134-5p expression via transfecting HT22 cells with miR-134-5p antisense (Anti-134), cell viability was promoted obviously, along with decreased LDH release and cell death rate. In addition, KA-induced lipid peroxidation, cytochrome c release and mitochondrial ROS generation were also attenuated by Anti-134. The level of Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) and its downstream antioxidant enzymes, such as mitochondrial superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), were significantly higher in Anti-134 group compared with the control and scramble group. After inhibiting Sirt3 expression with SiRNA targeting Sirt3 (Si-Sirt3) and 3-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl) pyridine (3-TYP), the positive role of Anti-134 was apparently reversed. In conclusion, this research highly suggests that inhibition of miR-134-5p could protect neurons from KA-induced excitotoxicity through Sirt3-mediated preservation of mitochondrial function.

4.
Exp Anim ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305077

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a complication of childhood obesity and an oxidative stress-related multisystem disease. A mitochondria-targeting hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor AP39 has antioxidant property, while the mechanism underlying the function of AP39 on pediatric NAFLD remains undefined. Here, 3-week-old SD rats were received a high-fat diet (HFD) feeding and injected with AP39 (0.05 or 0.1 mg/kg/day) via the tail vein for up to 7 weeks. AP39 reduced weight gain of HFD rats and improved HFD-caused liver injury, as evidenced by reduced liver index, improved liver pathological damage, decreased NAFLD activity score, as well as low ALT and AST activities. AP39 also reduced serum TC, TG, LDL-C concentrations but increased HDL-C. Moreover, AP39 prevented ROS generation, reduced MDA content and increased GSH level and SOD activity. Furthermore, AP39 increased H2S level, protected mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), reduced mitochondrial swelling, and restored mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) alteration. Notably, AP39 diminished HIF-1 mRNA and protein level, possibly indicating the alleviation in mitochondrial damage. In short, AP39 protects against HFD-induced liver injury in young rats probably through attenuating lipid accumulation, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309341

RESUMO

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterus. Adolescent endometriosis is often confined to the pelvic cavity and is a common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea in adolescents. Adolescent endometriosis is often with delayed diagnosis. Early diagnosis and intervention can prevent the damage of pelvic structure and ovarian tissue and reduce the incidence of adhesion and infertility. Adolescent endometriosis can be diagnosed and treated by laparoscopic biopsy. There are many kinds of drugs to treat endometriosis, such as NSAIDs, progesterone, selective progesterone receptor antagonists, GnRH-a, gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonists, aromatase inhibitors, dopamine agonists, angiogenesis inhibitors, vegetable drugs, traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions. Future treatment options, including Future treatment options include CTZ, vitamin D3, oxytocin receptor inhibitors, melatonin, doxycycline, bevacizumab, curcumin, isotretinoin, and rosiglitazone, etc can inhibit ectopic lesions. This article mainly summarizes advances in medical treatment underlying adolescent endometriosis, and provides guidance for the early clinical diagnosis and intervention of adolescent endometriosis, so as to improve the quality of life of patients and reduce adverse outcomes.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a major complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the incidence of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is as high as 70%. Previous evidence has demonstrated that miR-511-3p was involved in HSOS, but the mechanism remains unclear. This study aims to examine the mechanism underlying miR-511-3p regulating HSOS. METHODS: Monocrotaline (MCT) was used to create an HSOS rat model and to treat liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). H&E and Masson staining were used to detect pathological changes in liver tissue. The expression of miR-511-3p and Hedgehog pathway-related proteins were assessed by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The effect of miR-511-3p in regulating HSOS was investigated by MTT, ELISA assay and flow cytometry. Finally, the interaction between miR-511-3p and Ptch1 was determined by luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: The rats showed a typical HSOS phenotype, including LSEC damage, liver injury and fibrosis after MCT administration. miR-511-3p was upregulated in hepatic tissue of rat HSOS model and MCT-induced LSECs. miR-511-3p directly targeted patched1 (Ptch1) and suppressed Ptch1 expression while activated the Hedgehog signaling pathway. Depletion of miR-511-3p showed a protective effect against MCT-induced HSOS, as evidenced by decreased HSOS pathogenesis factors, MMP-2, MMP-9, TNF-α and IL-1ß, and decreased LSEC apoptosis rates. Nevertheless, knockdown of Ptch1 reversed the protective effect of miR-511-3p depletion against MCT-induced LSEC injury and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: miR-511-3p aggravates HSOS by activating the Hedgehog signaling pathway through targeting Ptch1, and miR-511-3p may develop as the potential therapy for the treatment of HSOS.

7.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(2): 461-467, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258913

RESUMO

We evaluated the lipidomic profile of patients with very high-risk atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). A total of 64 patients with a very high risk of ASCVD were recruited and randomLy divided into the atorvastatin group (20 mg, every night, 4 weeks) or the combined group (evolocumab, 140 mg, once every 2 weeks on top of atorvastatin (20 mg per day)). The level of serum lipids was detected before and after treatment for 4 weeks. The lipid classes of triacylglycerols, cholesteryl esters, and sphingomyelins were analyzed using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry system. There were 32 patients in each group. After 4 weeks of treatment, the levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in both groups and the level of lipoprotein-a (Lp-a) in the combined group were lower. In the combined treatment group, the levels of TC, LDL-C, and Lp-a decreased significantly (P < 0.05) after 4 weeks of treatment. Most of the lipid classes in plasma decreased in the combined group at 4 weeks, especially sphingolipids. Only 1 patient had an adverse event (a rash) in the combined group, which improved after anti-allergic treatment. PCSK9 inhibitors can rapidly and effectively reduce most lipid classes in patients with very-high-risk ASCVD.

8.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 182, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SYN1 encodes synapsin I, which is a neuronal phosphoprotein involving in regulating axonogenesis and synaptogenesis. Variants in the gene have been associated with X-linked neurodevelopmental disorders in recent years. METHODS: In the study, we reported two male patients with familial SYN1 variants related neurodevelopmental disorders from Asian population. Previously published cases with significant SYN1 variants from the literature were also included to analyze the phenotype and genotype of the disorder. RESULTS: Two maternally inherited SYN1 variants, including c.C1076A, p.T359K in proband A and c.C1444T, p. Q482X in proband B (NM_133499) were found, which have never been described in detail. Combining with our research, all reported probands were male in the condition, whose significant SYN1 variants were inherited from their asymptomatic or mild affected mother. Although the disorder encompasses three main clinical presentations: mental deficiency, easily controlled reflex seizure and behavior problems, patients' clinical manifestations vary in genders and individuals, even in the same pedigree. CONCLUSION: We firstly reported two familial SYN1-related neurodevelopmental disorders in Asian pediatric patients. Gender and phenotype differences should be highly valued in the disorder.

9.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e044322, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and intensity of household impoverishment induced by cancer treatment in China. DESIGN: Average income and daily consumption per capita of the households and out-of-pocket payments for cancer care were estimated. Household impoverishment was determined by comparing per capita daily consumption against the Chinese poverty line (CPL, US$1.2) and the World Bank poverty line (WBPL, US$1.9) for 2015. Both pre-treatment and post-treatment consumptions were calculated assuming that the households would divert daily consumption money to pay for cancer treatment. PARTICIPANTS: Cancer patients diagnosed initially from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2016 who had received cancer treatment subsequently. Those with multiple cancer diagnoses were excluded. DATA SOURCES: A household questionnaire survey was conducted on 2534 cancer patients selected from nine hospitals in seven provinces through two-stage cluster/convenience sampling. FINDINGS: 5.89% (CPL) to 12.94% (WBPL) households were impoverished after paying for cancer treatment. The adjusted OR (AOR) of post-treatment impoverishment was higher for older patients (AOR=2.666-4.187 for ≥50 years vs <50 years, p<0.001), those resided in central region (AOR=2.619 vs eastern, p<0.01) and those with lower income (AOR=0.024-0.187 in higher income households vs the lowest 20%, p<0.001). The patients without coverage from social health insurance had higher OR (AOR=1.880, p=0.040) of experiencing post-treatment household impoverishment than those enrolled with the insurance for urban employees. Cancer treatment is associated with an increase of 5.79% (CPL) and 12.45% (WBPL) in incidence of household impoverishment. The median annual consumption gap per capita underneath the poverty line accumulated by the impoverished households reached US$128 (CPL) or US$212 (WBPL). US$31 170 395 (CPL) or US$115 238 459 (WBPL) were needed to avoid household impoverishment induced by cancer treatment in China. CONCLUSIONS: The financial burden of cancer treatment imposes a significant risk of household impoverishment despite wide coverage of social health insurance in China.

10.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 3837-3849, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281481

RESUMO

Hibiscus sabdariffa. L is folk medicine that is often used for its hypolipidemic and antihypertensive effects; however, the active compound responsible for its anti-obesity effect is presently unknown. Delphinidin-3-sambubioside (Dp3-Sam) is an anthocyanin, was extracted from Hibiscus sabdariffa L. The present research aimed to investigate the role of Dp3-Sam in the prevention of hyperlipidemia in vivo and in vitro. Rats were fed with a standard chow diet (Control group) or high-fat diet (HFD and DP group) for eight weeks. Besides, HepG2 cells were stimulated with 0.2 mM oleic acid, with or without Dp3-Sam (100-200 µg/ml). Lipid profiles were measured by commercial kits. Oil Red O staining was performed to measure the hepatic and intracellular lipid levels. The key genes of lipid metabolism were measured by RT-PCR. In HFD-fed rats, Dp3-Sam reduced the body weight gain, visceral fat, and abdominal fat and decreased hepatic lipid deposits. Dp3-Sam decreased intracellular TG levels and lipid accumulation in oleic acid-treated HepG2 cells. Besides, Dp3-Sam downregulated the mRNA expression of HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR), sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 c (SREBP-1 C), fatty acid synthase (FASN), and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and upregulated the mRNA expression of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase1 (CPT1), acyl-coenzyme A oxidase (ACOX), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα). Dp3-Sam up-regulated the expression of phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (pAMPK) in HFD-fed rats. Our findings indicated that Dp3-Sam possesses the potential to improve lipid metabolism dysfunction and our results offered evidence for the use of Dp3-Sam as therapy for the prevention of obesity and dyslipidemia.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224964

RESUMO

A hollow fiber liquid phase microextraction (HF-LPME) based on a reversed lipid micelle as the extraction phase was proposed and combined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the determination of rotigotine in biological matrix. In the proposed procedure, pieces of hollow fibers were fastened on a magnetic stir bar using a thread to provide better precision. Rotigotine was extracted from 5 mL of diluted plasma sample phase with pH 6 into reversed lipid micelle (5 mmol/L of dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline in n-octanol/water) impregnated in both the wall pores and the lumen of the hollow fiber. After the extraction at 900 rpm and room temperature for 30 min, the acceptor phase of reversed lipid micelle was collected for HPLC analysis. Various parameters affecting the extraction efficiency, such as type of surfactant and organic solvent, surfactant concentration, sample phase pH, salt amount, extraction time, stirring rate, and dilution factor of the plasma sample, were investigated and optimized. Furthermore, the formed reversed lipid micelle was characterized by fluorescence method. Under the optimal conditions, the linear range of rotigotine was between 2 ng/mL and 100 ng/mL with determination coefficient (r2) ≥ 0.9913. It is shown from results of method validation that the satisfactory accuracy (the relative errors between -8.5% and 3.3%), precision (the relative standard deviations from 3.8% to 8.9%), stability and matrix effect were obtained. The enrichment factor (EF) of the reversed lipid micelle-based HF-LPME for rotigotine reached 126. And the feasibility of the proposed method was confirmed by the application to the pharmacokinetic study of rotigotine in rat plasma.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286950

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular diseases and is triggered by endothelial damage, local lipid cumulation, and inflammation. Despite the conventional medication treatment, nanosized drug carriers have become promising candidates for efficient drug delivery with lower side effects. However, the development of problems in nanocarriers such as drug leakage, accumulating efficiency, and accurate drug release, as well as the specific recognition of atherosclerotic plaques, still needs to be checked. In this study, a lipid-specific fluorophore (LFP) has been designed, which is further packaged with a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive prednisolone (Pred) prodrug copolymer [PMPC-P(MEMA-co-PDMA)] to self-assemble into LFP@PMMP micelles. LFP@PMMP can be further coated with red blood cell (RBC) membrane to obtain surface-biomimetic nanoparticles (RBC/LFP@PMMP), demonstrating prolonged circulation, minimal drug leakage, and better accumulation at the plaques. With ROS responsiveness, RBC/LFP@PMMP can be interrupted at inflammatory atherosclerotic tissue with overexpressed ROS, followed by the dissociation of Pred from the polymer backbone and the release of LFP to combine with the rich lipid in the plaques. An accurate anti-inflammation and lipid-specific fluorescent imaging of atherosclerotic lesions was performed and further proven on ApoE-/- mice; this holds prospective potential for atherosclerosis theranostics.

13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 724-729, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features and recurrence factors of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody disease in children and the effect of recurrence prevention regimens. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 41 children with MOG antibody disease who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from December 2014 to September 2020. According to the presence or absence of recurrence, they were divided into a monophasic course group (n=19) and a recurrence group (n=22). According to whether preventive treatment for recurrence was given, the children with recurrence were further divided into a preventive treatment group and a non-preventive treatment group. The clinical features were analyzed for all groups, and the annualized relapse rate (ARR) was compared before and after treatment with prevention regimens. RESULTS: For these 41 children, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis was the most common initial manifestation and was observed in 23 children (56%). Of the 41 children, 22 (54%) experienced recurrence, with 57 recurrence events in total, among which optic neuritis was the most common event (17/57, 30%). The proportion of children in the recurrence group who were treated with corticosteroids for less than 3 months in the acute phase was higher than that in the monophasic course group (64% vs 32%; P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the ARR between the preventive treatment and non-preventive treatment groups (P > 0.05). The assessment of preventive treatment regimens for 32 cases showed that the children treated with rituximab or azathioprine had a significant reduction in the ARR during treatment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the children with MOG antibody disease may experience recurrence. Most children with recurrence are treated with corticosteroids for less than 3 months in the acute phase. Rituximab and azathioprine may reduce the risk of recurrence.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Neurite Óptica , Criança , Humanos , Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Neuroreport ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284451

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke continues to be a major global health problem associated with considerable mortality and morbidity. Thus, it is still targeted by researchers for developing new strategies or drugs to alleviate the lesion of stroke. In the present study, both the permanent occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO) model and the restoration of cerebral blood flow after middle cerebral artery occlusion (CI/R) model were set up for evaluating the efficiency of salvianolic acid B and ginsenoside Rg1 combination (SalB-Rg1). SalB-Rg1 decreased infarct area through 3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride stain and improved neurological behavior through Longa Score or Left-Biased Swings on both MCAO rats and CI/R rats. Neural protection of SalB-Rg1 against ischemia or ischemic reperfusion injury was evidenced by the inhibition of nucleus pyknosis, liquefaction necrosis through H&E stain and Nissl stain. Furthermore, protection of SalB-Rg1 on blood-brain barrier (BBB) was more significant on CI/R rats, accompanying with the downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9, and recovery of zonula occludens-1 expression. These results provide compelling evidence that SalB-Rg1 holds the potential to be developed as an optimal therapeutic strategy to alleviate the injury of ischemia or ischemic reperfusion.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(2): 023002, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296904

RESUMO

Dynamical fermionization refers to the phenomenon in Tonks-Girardeau gases where, upon release from harmonic confinement, the gases' momentum density profile evolves asymptotically to that of an ideal Fermi gas in the initial trap. This phenomenon has been demonstrated theoretically in hardcore and anyonic Tonks-Girardeau gases and was recently experimentally observed in a strongly interacting Bose gas. We extend this study to a one-dimensional spinor gas of arbitrary spin in the strongly interacting regime and analytically prove that the total momentum distribution after the harmonic trap is turned off approaches that of a spinless ideal Fermi gas, while the asymptotic momentum distribution of each spin component takes the same shape of the initial real space density profile of that spin component. Our work demonstrates the rich physics arising from the interplay between the spin and the charge degrees of freedom in a spinor system.

16.
Small ; : e2101058, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242471

RESUMO

The sodium-ion battery (SIB) has attracted ever growing attention as a promising alternative of the lithium-ion battery (LIB). Constructing appropriate anode materials is critical for speeding up the application of SIB. This review aims at guiding anode design from the material's perspective, and specifically focusing on solid solution metal chalcogenide anode. The sodium ion storage mechanisms of a solid solution metal chalcogenide anode is overviewed on basis of the elements it is composed of, and discusses how the solid solution character alters the electrochemical performances through diffusion and surface-controlled processes. In addition, by classifying solid solution metal chalcogenide as cation and anion, their recent applications are updated, and understanding the roles of guest elements in improving the electrochemical behaviors of a solid solution metal chalcogenide is carried out. After that, discussion of possible strategies to further optimize these anode materials in the future, flowing from crystal structure design to morphology control and finally to the intimacy improvement between conductive matrix and solid solution metal chalcogenide are also provided.

17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 649, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) causes urogenital tract infections and is associated with reproductive morbidity. Although MG has been reported across many regions and population groups, it is not yet routinely tested for in China. Our study contributes to current research by reporting the prevalence and correlates of MG infection in patients attending a sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic in Guangdong from Jan 2017-May 2018. METHODS: Urethral (from 489 men) and endo-cervical (from 189 women) samples, blood samples, and patient histories (via questionnaires) were collected. Doctors clinically diagnosed anogenital warts (GW) during the examination (n = 678). The presence of MG was evaluated using an in-house via polymerase chain reaction protocol. We also tested all participants for herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), syphilis and HIV. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to evaluate factors associated with MG. RESULTS: MG was detected in 7.2% (49/678) of the patients (men, 7.4%; women, 6.9%). The MG positivity rate was 14.2% among symptomatic patients, and 5.6% for asymptomatic patients, respectively. Only 36.7% (18/49) Mg positive patients were symptomatic. Among the MG-infected patients, 10.2% were co-infected with CT, 6.1% with NG, 8.2% with HSV-2, 4.1% with syphilis and 22.4% with GW. Presentation with clinical symptoms was significantly associated with MG infection [OR = 2.52 (2.03-3.13)]. In our analysis, MG was not associated with other STIs. CONCLUSIONS: MG is a relatively common infection among individuals attending an STI clinic in Guangdong Province. Routine testing of symptomatic patients may be necessary, and more epidemiological studies are needed to provide evidence for future testing guidelines.


Assuntos
Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
18.
MedComm (Beijing) ; 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226895

RESUMO

The emerging variants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) in pandemic call for the urgent development of universal corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines which could be effective for both wild-type SARS-CoV-2 and mutant strains. In the current study, we formulated protein subunit vaccines with AS03 adjuvant and recombinant proteins of S1 subunit of SARS-CoV-2 (S1-WT) and S1 variant (K417N, E484K, N501Y, and D614G) subunit (S1-Mut), and immunized transgenic mice that express human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2). The S1 protein-specific antibody production and the neutralization capability for SARS-CoV-2 and B.1.351 variant were measured after immunization in mice. The results revealed that the S1-Mut antigens were more effective in inhibiting the receptor-binding domain and ACE2 binding in B.1.351 variant than in wild-type SARS-CoV-2. Furthermore, the development of a bivalent vaccine exhibited the ideal neutralization properties against wild-type and B.1.351 variant, as well as other variants. Our findings may provide a rationale for the development of a bivalent recombinant vaccine targeting the S1 protein that can induce the neutralizing antibodies against both SARS-CoV-2 variants and wild-type of the virus and may be of importance to explore the potential clinical use of bivalent recombinant vaccine in the future.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(28): 33584-33599, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240605

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive hydrogels possess unique advantages in drug delivery due to their variable performance and status based on the external environment. In the present study, a dual-responsive (pH and reactive oxygen species (ROS)) hydrogel was prepared to realize drug release properties under inflammatory stimulation. By grafting 3-carboxy-phenylboronic acid to the gelatin molecular backbone and cross-linking with poly(vinyl alcohol), we successfully synthesized the inflammation-responsive drug-loaded hydrogels after encapsulation with vancomycin-conjugated silver nanoclusters (VAN-AgNCs) and pH-sensitive micelles loaded with nimesulide (NIM). This novel design not only retained the dynamic functions of hydrogels, such as injectability, self-healing, and remodeling, but also realized sequential and on-demand drug delivery at diabetic-infected wound sites. In this work, we found that the hydrogel exhibited excellent biocompatibility and hemostasis properties owing to the enhanced cell-adhesive property of the gelatin component. The significant antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect of the hydrogel was demonstrated in an in vitro experiment. Moreover, in the in vivo experiment, the hydrogel was found to play a role in promoting infected wound healing through sequential hemostasis and antibacterial and anti-inflammatory processes. Collectively, this inflammation-responsive hydrogel design containing VAN-AgNCs and NIM-loaded micelles has great potential in the application of chronically infected diabetic wound treatment, as well as in other inflammatory diseases.

20.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glucose and lipid metabolism in unmarried patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Fifty-four PCOS patients were equally randomized into true acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group (control) for totally 16 weeks of treatment by random method with a computerized randomization program. Patients in true acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with EA and two sets of acupoint groups were used alternatively. The first set consisted of Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guilai (ST 29), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Hegu (LI4) and Baihui (GV 20), and the second set consisted of Tianshu (ST 25), ST 29, CV 3, CV 6, SP 6, Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC) 6 and GV 20. Patients in the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods through EA without electricity at 4 non-meridian points in each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin release test, glucose and lipid metabolism indicators such as total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), adiponectin, leptin, visfatin, resistin, and interleukin (IL-6). RESULTS: Twenty-six subjects in the true acupuncture group and 20 subjects in the sham group completed the clinical trial. After 16 weeks of treatment, no significant difference in the outcome measures were observed between the two groups (P>0.05). However, as compared with baseline data, a reduction in weight, BMI, hipline, WHR, fasting glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity, visfatin and HDL-C, and an increase in resistin and IL-6 were observed in the true acupuncture group (P<0.05). In addition, a reduction in visfatin and an increase in TC were also observed in the sham group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of PCOS by improving glucose and lipid metabolism. Moreover, the sham acupuncture may be not completely ineffective. Sham acupuncture may improve some of the aspects of the glucose and lipid metabolism of PCOS patients through a placebo effect. (Registration Nos. ChiCTR-TRC-12002529 and NCT01812161).

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