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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9017, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142574

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-cancer effect of melittin on growth, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. This study also explored the potential anti-cancer mechanism of melittin in NSCLC cells. The results demonstrated that melittin suppressed growth, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells in vitro. Melittin increased pro-apoptotic caspase-3 and Apaf-1 gene expression. Melittin inhibited tumor growth factor (TGF)-β expression and phosphorylated ERK/total ERK (pERK/tERK) in NSCLC cells. However, TGF-β overexpression (pTGF-β) abolished melittin-decreased TGF-β expression and pERK/tERK in NSCLC cells. Treatment with melittin suppressed tumor growth and prolonged mouse survival during the 120-day observation in vivo. Treatment with melittin increased TUNEL-positive cells and decreased expression levels of TGF-β and ERK in tumor tissue compared to the control group. In conclusion, the findings of this study indicated that melittin inhibited growth, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells through down-regulation of TGF-β-mediated ERK signaling pathway, suggesting melittin may be a promising anti-cancer agent for NSCLC therapy.

2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9549, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142579

RESUMO

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have important application value in the research of population genetics, hereditary diseases, tumors, and drug development. Conventional methods for detecting SNPs are typically based on PCR or DNA sequencing, which is time-consuming, costly, and requires complex instrumentation. In this study, we present a duplex probe-directed recombinase amplification (duplex-PDRA) assay that can perform real-time detection of two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) in four reactions in two tubes at 39°C within 30 min. The sensitivity of duplex-PDRA was 2×103-104 copies per reaction and no cross-reactivity was observed. A total of 382 clinical samples (179 prostate cancer patients and 203 controls) from northern China were collected and tested by duplex-PDRA assay and direct sequencing. The genotyping results were completely identical. In addition, the association analysis of two SNPs with prostate cancer risk and bone metastasis was conducted. We found that the TT genotype of rs6983267 (OR: 0.42; 95%CI: 0.23-0.78; P=0.005) decreased the risk of prostate cancer, while the CA genotype of rs1447295 (OR: 1.89; 95%CI: 1.20-2.96; P=0.005) increased the risk of prostate cancer. However, no association between the two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) and bone metastasis in prostate cancer was found in this study (P>0.05). In conclusion, the duplex-PDRA assay is an effective method for the simultaneous detection of two SNPs and shows great potential for widespread use in research and clinical settings.

3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9869, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142585

RESUMO

Severe blockage in myeloid differentiation is the hallmark of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Trdmt1 plays an important role in hematopoiesis. However, little is known about the function of Trdmt1 in AML cell differentiation. In the present study, Trdmt1 was up-regulated and miR-181a was down-regulated significantly during human leukemia HL-60 cell differentiation after TAT-CT3 fusion protein treatment. Accordingly, miR-181a overexpression in HL-60 cells inhibited granulocytic maturation. In addition, our "rescue" assay demonstrated that Trdmt1 3′-untranslated region promoted myeloid differentiation of HL-60 cells by sequestering miR-181a and up-regulating C/EBPα (a critical factor for normal myelopoiesis) via its competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) activity on miR-181a. These findings revealed an unrecognized role of Trdmt1 as a potential ceRNA for therapeutic targets in AML.

4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9173, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142586

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the correlation of kinesin family member 2A (KIF2A) expression with disease risk, clinical characteristics, and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and investigate the effect of KIF2A knockdown on AML cell activities in vitro. Bone marrow samples were collected from 176 AML patients and 40 healthy donors, and KIF2A expression was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Treatment response, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) were assessed in AML patients. In vitro, KIF2A expression in AML cell lines and CD34+ cells (from healthy donors) was measured, and the effect of KIF2A knockdown on AML cell proliferation and apoptosis in HL-60 and KG-1 cells was detected. KIF2A expression was greater in AML patients compared to healthy donors, and receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that KIF2A expression predicted increased AML risk (area under curve: 0.793 (95%CI: 0.724-0.826)). In AML patients, KIF2A expression positively correlated with white blood cells, monosomal karyotype, and high risk stratification. Furthermore, no correlation of KIF2A expression with complete remission or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was found. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that KIF2A expression was negatively correlated with EFS and OS. In vitro experiments showed that KIF2A was overexpressed in AML cell lines (KG-1, HL-60, ME-1, and HT-93) compared to CD34+ cells, moreover, cell proliferation was reduced but apoptosis was increased by KIF2A knockdown in HL-60 and KG-1 cells. In conclusion, KIF2A showed potential to be a biomarker and treatment target in AML.

5.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(1): e2020750, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142937

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Descrever o perfil clínico-epidemiológico dos casos suspeitos de COVID-19 internados em hospital federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil, e identificar fatores associados ao óbito. Métodos Estudo seccional, utilizando dados da vigilância epidemiológica local até a Semana Epidemiológica 27 de 2020. Empregou-se regressão logística. Resultados Foram incluídos 376 casos internados suspeitos de COVID-19, dos quais 52,9% eram mulheres, 57,4% tinham 50 anos ou mais de idade e 80,1% exibiam comorbidades. Foram confirmados para COVID-19 195 casos (51,9%), cuja letalidade (37,9%) foi maior, comparada à dos descartados (24,2%). Na análise ajustada, associaram-se ao óbito, nos casos confirmados, ter 50 a 69 (OR=11,65 - IC95% 1,69;80,33) e 70 ou mais anos (OR=8,43 - IC95% 1,22;58,14), apresentar neoplasia (OR=4,34 - IC95% 1,28;14,76) e usar suporte ventilatório invasivo (OR=70,20 - IC95% 19,09;258,19). Conclusão Houve elevada prevalência de comorbidades e letalidade; os principais fatores associados ao óbito foram idade, presença de neoplasia e suporte ventilatório invasivo.


Resumen Objetivo Describir el perfil clínico-epidemiológico de casos sospechosos de COVID-19 ingresados en hospital federal de Río de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil, y factores asociados al óbito. Métodos Estudio transversal utilizando datos de la vigilancia epidemiológica local de casos sospechosos hospitalizados hasta la Semana Epidemiológica 27 de 2020 y regresión logística. Resultados Se incluyeron 376 casos, de los cuales 52,9% era de mujeres, 57,4% tenía 50 años o más, 80,1% tenía comorbilidades. Se confirmó para COVID-19 un 51,9% . Los casos confirmados tuvieron una mayor letalidad (37,9%) que los descartados (24,2%). La mortalidad ajustada en los confirmados fue mayor en los grupos de edad de 50 a 69 años (OR=11,65 - IC95% 1,69; 80,33), 70 años o más (OR=8,43 - IC95% 1,22;58,14), con neoplasia (OR=4,34 - IC95% 1,28;14,76) y uso de soporte ventilatorio invasivo (OR=70,20 - IC95% 19,09;258,19). Conclusión La mayor mortalidad se asoció con personas de edad avanzada, con neoplasias y uso de soporte ventilatorio invasivo.


Abstract Objective To describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of suspected COVID-19 cases admitted to a federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, and to identify factors associated with death. Methods This was a cross-sectional study using local epidemiological surveillance data as at epidemiological week 27 of 2020 and logistic regression. Results 376 hospitalized suspected COVID-19 cases were included; 52.9% were female, 57.4% were 50 years old or over and 80.1% had comorbidities. 195 (51.9%) COVID-19 cases were confirmed and their lethality was higher (37.9%) than among discarded cases (24.2%). In the adjusted analysis, death among confirmed cases was associated with being in the 50-69 age group (OR=11.65 - 95%CI 1.69;80.33), being aged 70 or over (OR=8.43 - 95%CI 1.22;58.14), presence of neoplasms (OR=4.34 - 95%CI 1.28;14.76) and use of invasive ventilatory support (OR=70.20 - 95%CI 19.09;258.19). Conclusion High prevalence of comorbidities and lethality was found; the main factors associated with death were being older, neoplasms and invasive ventilatory support.

6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e20200143, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1143881

RESUMO

Abstract Chagas disease (CD) is a protozoan zoonosis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Reactivation of CD occurs via drug-induced immunosuppression before and during transplantation. Here, we report the case of a 62-year-old man diagnosed with classic Hodgkin lymphoma who received highly aggressive conditioning chemotherapy before undergoing stem cell transplantation (SCT). The patient tested positive for CD in pre-transplantation evaluation. The patient exhibited persistent fever and elevated C-reactive protein levels before and after SCT, and was treated with antibiotics. Micro-Strout test showed evidence of trypomastigotes and he was treated with benznidazole until tested negative. Post-transplantation seropositive patients should be screened for possible reactivation.

7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 751-753, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142116

RESUMO

Abstract Paget's disease is a rare disorder of the nipple and/or the areola that is characterized by an erythematosquamous lesion and is often associated with in situ or invasive breast carcinoma. The authors present an atypical, exuberant case that had evolved over eight years, emphasizing the importance of early diagnosis.

8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 728-730, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142126

RESUMO

Abstract Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a rare mesenchymal tumor; it is locally aggressive and presents high rates of local recurrence. It may present as a nodular or plaque vegetating lesion. It mainly affects the trunk and proximal limbs, being rare in the distal extremities. Biopsy and immunohistochemistry help confirm the diagnosis. The authors report a case of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans with plantar region involvement, a rare presentation. To the best of the authors' knowledge, only 11 cases of involvement of the feet were described in the international literature.

9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 714-720, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142130

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Mohs micrographic surgery is worldwide used for treating skin cancers. After obtaining tumor-free margins, choosing the most appropriate type of closure can be challenging. Objectives: Our aim was to associate type of surgical reconstructions after Mohs micrographic surgery with the characteristics of the tumors as histological subtype, anatomical localization and especially number of surgical stages to achieve complete excision of the tumour. Methods: Transversal, retrospective analyses of medical records. Compilation of data such as gender, age, tumor location, histological subtype, number of stages to achieve clear margins and type of repair used. Results: A total of 975 of facial and extra-facial cases were analyzed. Linear closure was the most common repair by far (39%) and was associated with the smallest number of Mohs micrographic surgery stages. This type of closure was also more common in most histological subtypes and anatomical locations studied. Using Poisson regression model, nose defects presented 39% higher frequency of other closure types than the frequency of primary repairs, when compared to defects in other anatomic sites (p< 0.05). Tumors with two or more stages had a 28.6% higher frequency of other closure types than those operated in a single stage (p< 0.05). Study limitations: Retrospective study with limitations in obtaining information from medical records. The choice of closure type can be a personal choice. Conclusions: Primary closure should not be forgotten especially in surgical defects with fewer stages and in non-aggressive histological subtypes in main anatomic sites where Mohs micrographic surgery is performed.

10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 757-759, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142131

RESUMO

Abstract Reactive perforating collagenosis is a rare perforating dermatosis clinically characterized by intensely pruritic hyperpigmented papules, plaques, and nodules with a central keratotic plug. Histopathology reveals transepidermal elimination of collagen fibers. Its pathophysiology is still under investigation, but the acquired form has been linked to systemic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease. However, it has also been described as a paraneoplastic syndrome. The authors present the case of a 65-year-old diabetic patient in which a myeloproliferative neoplasm was suspected.

11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 691-695, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142133

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The mitotic index is no longer used to classify T1 melanoma patients into T1a and T1b, so it should not be used to indicate sentinel node biopsy in these patients. Objectives: To evaluate patients with T1 melanoma who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy and to compare those who were classified as T1a with those classified T1b, according to the 7th and 8th Edition of the melanoma staging system, regarding a positive biopsy result. The authors also aimed to assess whether there is any difference in the results in both staging systems. Material and methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 1213 patients who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy for melanoma, from 2000 to 2015, in a single institution. Results: Of 399 patients with thin melanomas, 27 (6.7%) presented positive sentinel lymph nodes; there was no difference in positivity for sentinel node biopsy when comparing T1a vs. T1b in both staging systems. Furthermore, the clinical results were also similar between the two groups. However, in the complete cohort analysis, the mitotic index was associated with positivity for sentinel lymph node biopsy (p < 0.0001), positivity for non-sentinel lymph node (p < 0.0001), recurrence-free survival (p < 0.0001), and specific melanoma survival (p = 0.023). Study limitation: Unicentric study. Conclusion: The mitotic index was shown to be a very important prognostic factor in the present study, but it was not observed in patients classified as T1. The mitotic index should no longer be used as the only reason to refer sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with thin melanoma.

13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(11): 4347-4350, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1133029

RESUMO

Abstract On 31st May of every year, in honour of the 'World No Tobacco Day (WNTD),' the international community does organise various events and encourages avoiding all forms of Tobacco consumption. To commemorate WNTD-2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) has promoted awareness to highlight the link between Tobacco and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because, Tobacco use is the second leading cause of CVD, after high blood pressure. In addition to CVD, Tobacco use is also known to cause many non-communicable diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer and other complicated disorders caused by smoking. In fact, non-communicable diseases are now emerging as the primary disease burden. Globally, Tobacco use kills about 7 million people each year, and if the trend remains the same, then it will kill more than 8 million people per year by 2030. On the contrary, despite promoting awareness, the Tobacco industry is growing with little or no regulation. However, in the long run, the global community will not be able to afford business as usual as Tobacco has a direct impact on human health, environmental health and sustainable development.


Resumo No dia 31 de maio de cada ano, em homenagem ao Dia Mundial Sem Tabaco (WNTD), a comunidade internacional organiza vários eventos e incentiva a evitar todas as formas de consumo de tabaco. Para comemorar o WNTD-2018, a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) promoveu a conscientização para destacar a ligação entre o tabaco e as doenças cardiovasculares (DCV). Porque, o uso do tabaco é a segunda principal causa de DCV, após a hipertensão arterial. Além do DCV, o uso de tabaco também é conhecido por causar muitas doenças não transmissíveis, incluindo doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC), câncer de pulmão e outros transtornos complicados. De fato, as doenças não transmissíveis estão emergindo como a carga primária da doença. Globalmente, o consumo de tabaco mata cerca de 7 milhões de pessoas a cada ano, e se a tendência permanecer a mesma, matará mais de 8 milhões de pessoas por ano até 2030. Pelo contrário, apesar de promover a conscientização, a indústria do tabaco está crescendo com pouco ou sem regulamentação. No entanto, a longo prazo, a comunidade global não poderá se dar bem, pois o tabaco tem um impacto direto na saúde humana, na saúde ambiental e no desenvolvimento sustentável.

14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 615-618, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1130930

RESUMO

Abstract Biological therapies, including anti-TNF agents, are important in the treatment of various chronic inflammatory diseases, including psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease. The increased use of these drugs translates into an increasing awareness of its adverse effects, which include malignancy. In this paper, we describe the case of a 28-year-old woman who developed a spitzoid melanocytic tumor after starting infliximab therapy for ulcerative colitis. The evidence for causality between anti-TNF and melanocytic proliferations is still sparse; nonetheless, treatment-associated immunosuppression seems to play a key role in this phenomenon. Therefore, a regular follow-up with a rigorous skin examination is essential in these patients. Noninvasive techniques such as dermoscopy or reflectance confocal microscopy are particularly useful diagnostic tools in these circumstances.

15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 619-622, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1130932

RESUMO

Abstract Pilomatricomas are benign tumors originating from the capillary matrix, which may present as solitary lesions or, less commonly, multiple. Myotonic dystrophy and familial adenomatous polyposis are the most frequently associated disorders with multiple pilomatricomas. There are few reports relating these tumors to other genetic syndromes. Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by intellectual disability and typical dysmorphic characteristics. There are five case reports relating to multiple pilomatricoma to Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome, an association that needs to be clarified. For this reason, we report the first case of multiple pilomatricoma in monozygotic twins with typical Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome.

16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 583-588, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1130933

RESUMO

Abstract Background: High-risk basal cell carcinoma involves a significant rate of basal cell carcinoma that requires Mohs micrographic surgery for definitive treatment. Staged excision with pathologic margin control is a simple, accessible, and curative procedure suggested for the treatment of high-risk basal cell carcinoma. Objective: To evaluate the results of staged excision of high-risk basal cell carcinoma in the head region. Methods: This interventional study was performed on patients with high-risk basal cell carcinoma, who underwent staged excision until the margins were free of tumor. Results: A total of 122 patients (47 females and 75 males) with mean age of 57.66 ± 9.13 years were recruited in this study. Nasal and nodular types were the most common of both clinical and pathologic forms, respectively. Further, 89.3 % of cases were cured by staged excision after four years of follow-up. There was a significant relationship between treatment outcomes and recurrent lesions, multiplicity of risk factors, long-standing disease, and pathologic type. There was also a significant association between the number of surgical excisions and multiplicity of risk factors, as well as recurrence, location, and size of basal cell carcinoma. Study limitations: Lack of magnetic resonance imaging assessment in cases of suspected perineural invasion. Conclusions: High-risk basal cell carcinoma had a high cure rate by staged excision. Patients with more risk factors and those with nasal and recurrent basal cell carcinoma required more staged excisions. Failure of treatment is more probable in patients with more risk factors, long-standing lesions, and high-risk pathologic and recurrent basal cell carcinomas.

17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 627-630, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1130934

RESUMO

Abstract Dermatofibroma is a dermal fibrohistiocytic neoplasm. The Langerhans cells are the immunocompetent cells of the epidermis, and they represent the first defense barrier of the immune system towards the environment. The objective was to immunohistologically compare the densities of S100-positive Langerhans cells in the healthy peritumoral epidermis against those in the epidermis overlying dermatofibroma (20 cases), using antibodies against the S100 molecule (the immunophenotypic hallmark of Langerhans cells). The control group (normal, healthy skin) included ten healthy age and sex-matched individuals who underwent skin biopsies for benign skin lesions. A significantly high density of Langerhans cells was observed both in the epidermis of the healthy skin (6.00 ± 0.29) and the peritumoral epidermis (6.44 ± 0.41) vs. those in the epidermis overlying the tumor (1.44 ± 0.33, p < 0.05). The quantitative deficit of Langerhans cells in the epidermis overlying dermatofibroma may be a possible factor in its development.

18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 655-657, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1130939

RESUMO

Abstract We present the case of an HIV-negative man with asymptomatic penile erythematoviolaceous papules associated with similar slightly verrucous papules in the interdigital space of the right foot. A biopsy of the penile lesion confirmed Kaposi's sarcoma. No other causes of immunosuppression were observed. Penile lesions of KS are rare in HIV-negative individuals but it should also be considered in the differential diagnosis. Careful follow-up is recommended.

19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 662-664, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1130940
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 645-648, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1130952

RESUMO

Abstract This report presents the case of a 13-year-old female patient with history of acute myeloid leukemia, who, after a bone marrow transplant, began to vomit and experienced rapidly progressive deterioration of consciousness, in addition to disseminated erythematous-violaceous macules, and some blisters with hemorrhagic content inside. Skin biopsy evidenced intravascular filamentous structures. A blood culture confirmed the presence of Fusarium oxysporum. Intravenous treatment with voriconazole was initiated. The patient evolved unfavorably with multiple necrotic skin lesions, ischemic brain lesions, and death.

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