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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903978

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is proved responsible for renal damage during ischemia/reperfusion. The regulation for renal apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has still been unclearly characterized to date. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of histone acetylation on IRI-induced renal apoptosis and the molecular mechanisms in rats with the application of curcumin possessing a variety of biological activities involving inhibition of apoptosis. Sprague–Dawley rats were randomized into four experimental groups (SHAM, IRI, curcumin, SP600125). Results showed that curcumin significantly decreased renal apoptosis and caspase-3/-9 expression and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. Treatment with curcumin in IRI rats also led to the decrease in expression of p300/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CBP) and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs). Reduced histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation was found near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9 after curcumin treatment. In a similar way, SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), also attenuated renal apoptosis and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. In addition, SP600125 suppressed the binding level of p300/CBP and H3K9 acetylation near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9, and curcumin could inhibit JNK phosphorylation like SP600125. These results indicate that curcumin could attenuate renal IRI via JNK/p300/CBP-mediated anti-apoptosis signaling.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896274

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is proved responsible for renal damage during ischemia/reperfusion. The regulation for renal apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has still been unclearly characterized to date. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of histone acetylation on IRI-induced renal apoptosis and the molecular mechanisms in rats with the application of curcumin possessing a variety of biological activities involving inhibition of apoptosis. Sprague–Dawley rats were randomized into four experimental groups (SHAM, IRI, curcumin, SP600125). Results showed that curcumin significantly decreased renal apoptosis and caspase-3/-9 expression and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. Treatment with curcumin in IRI rats also led to the decrease in expression of p300/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CBP) and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs). Reduced histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation was found near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9 after curcumin treatment. In a similar way, SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), also attenuated renal apoptosis and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. In addition, SP600125 suppressed the binding level of p300/CBP and H3K9 acetylation near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9, and curcumin could inhibit JNK phosphorylation like SP600125. These results indicate that curcumin could attenuate renal IRI via JNK/p300/CBP-mediated anti-apoptosis signaling.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912507

ABSTRACT

Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) used to be considered as a class of gene transcripts without protein-coding capacity. Whereas emerging evidence has demonstrated that a small fraction of ncRNAs are still capable of producing functional peptides. Such ncRNAs and corresponding peptides are highly conserved and homologous, and can be detected by sequencing or mass spectrometry analysis. In this paper, we searched several databases with the keywords of "non-coding RNA" and "peptide", and briefly reviewed the characteristics of ncRNA that can be translated into functional small peptides, detection methods of peptides, biological functions of peptides and clinical application value of peptides. The results show that these functional peptides are often involved in disease processes, such as regulation of tumor progression, muscle activity and immune disorders. NcRNA-encoded peptides can be used as novel and efficacious disease diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic tools, and further develop as anticancer therapeutic targets to provide new ideas for individual precise treatment of tumors.

4.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1258-1261, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697757

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning on syngeneic kidney transplantation in rats and to explore the potential mechanism. Methods Forty male SD rats were randomly divid-ed into control group(Sham group),kidney transplantation group(KTx group)and hyperbaric oxygen precondi-tioning group(HBO+KTx group). Kidney transplantation was performed 24 h after hyperbaric preconditioning. Rats were sacrificed 24 h after the transplantation.Serum creatinine(Scr)and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)were de-tected.The level of superoxide dismutase(SOD),malondialdehyde(MDA)and heme oxygenase-1(HO-1)in the graft was examined. Kidney pathological examination was performed after renal tissue fixed. Results Compared with the KTx group,HBO + KTx group showed lower Scr and BUN level. The MDA level was decreased and the SOD activity was increased significantly after hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning in HBO+KTx group.Renal tubu-lar necrosis was significantly reduced in HBO+KTx group.HO-1 level in HBO+KTx group was significantly high-er than that of KTx group. Conclusion Hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning can reduce lipid peroxidation,en-hance antioxidant enzyme activity and improve the level of HO-1 in graft tissue,thus attenuating kidney injury.

5.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2459-2464, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611915

ABSTRACT

Objective To study whether the effects of bone mineral density by a kidney-tonifying herbal fufang treatment in senile osteoporosis mice (P6) is by the mechanism of improving the expression level of GH mRNA and IGF-1 mRNA. Methods The experimental points four groups as following:SAMR1 mice which feed saline lavage,SAMP6 divid as saline lavage group,subcutaneous injection of rhGH group and a kidney-tonifying herbal fufang treatment group. All intervention is one time everyday. After 3 months and 6 months intervention,we measure the BMD and the expression level of the GH mRNA and of IGF-1 mRNA. Results After 3 months intervention,the BMD of R1 group and the Kidney group were higher than the P6 blank group;but there is no difference in BMD between RhGH group and the P6 blank group. The effect of GH mRNA and IGF-1 mRNA expression levels:the R1 group,rhGH and kidney group were higher than the P6 blank group. After six months intervention,the BMD of the rhGH group and kidney group are higher than the P6 blank group. GH mRNA and IGF-1 mRNA expression levels:GH group and kidney group are higher than the P6 blank group. The expression level of GH mRNA and IGF-1 mRNA in four groups has positive correlation. After six months intervention ,we found the positive correlation between the expression level of GH mRNA and IGF-1 mRNA and each part of the whole body BMD. Conclusion A kidney-tonifying herbal fufang can improve the bone mineral density of P6,and its mechanism may be related to improve expression level of GH mRNA and IGF-1 mRNA.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 522-524, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492537

ABSTRACT

Objective Gynecologic minimally invasive surgery has become popular in the treatment of tumor therapy in re-cent years, but improper application can result in tumor metastasis.In this paper, we presented 6 uterine neoplasm cases of tumor me-tastasis after minimally invasive surgery and analyzed the causes and the preventive measures. Methods Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data and pathology characteristics of the 6 uterine neoplasm cases of tumor metastasis after primary minimally inva-sive surgery in our department from January 1, 2013 to 2015 June 30, and related literature were reviewed. Results The ages of 6 patients were 39-52 years old.The primary operation methods included 2 cases of hysteroscopic myomectomy, 3 cases of laparoscopic myomectomy and 1 case of radiofrequency ablation.The pathological diagnosis after primary operations were 4 cases of uterine sarcoma ( low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma in 2 cases and leiomyosarcoma in 2 cases) who were found metastatic tumor at 3-16 months after primary surgery and finally died of the disease and 2 cases of uterine fibroids who were found metastatic tumor in abdominal cavity and puncture hole at 60 months and 108 months respectively after primary operation followed by a good prognosis after the second surgi-cal resection. Conclusion Owing to uterine neoplasm by hysteroscopy, laparoscopy often needs certain pressure and morcellation which may result in easy plantation of crushing tumor tis-sue or metastasis with circulation and puncture under pressure.Ra-diofrequency ablation lack of histopathologic diagnosis has heating effect which is inclined to speed up the spread and transfer of tumor cells once it is diagnosed as malignant.Therefore, clinicians should know the defects and risk of being lack of histopathologic diagno-sis, diagnostic curettage pathology and fast pathology to avoid tumor metastasis induced by minimally invasive surgery.

7.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1454-1457, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the change of thymus in different period of EAE mice. Methods: The thymic index and thymocyte number at 0,10,15,20 days after EAE induced were recorded. The percent of thymic apoptosis and CD4+CD44+T cells in spleen was acquired by Flow Cytometry. The content of p53 and Bcl-2 gene was detected by PCR and electrophoretic technique. Results:The thymic index and thymocyte number correspondingly reduced at 0,10,15 days after EAE induced. Apoptotic rate of thymocyte increased at 10,15 days after EAE induced,highest at 10 days. The percent of CD4+CD44+T cells also increased at 10,15 days after EAE induced, highest at 10 days. The content of p53 increased, while Bcl-2 reduced at 10 days after EAE induced. Conclusion:The atrophy of thymus is most serious at 15 days after induction;while the apoptotic percent is highest at 10 days after induction,which have a relationship with regulation of p53 and Bcl-2. The change of thymus in EAE mice closely related with EAE attack,and the recovery of thymus precede EAE.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486207

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the establishment methods of animal models of adult growth hormone deficiency, and to provide a good model for experimental research and treatment for abnormal bone metabolism caused by growth hor-mone deficiency.Methods The methods of establishment of animal models of adult growth hormone deficiency were re-viewed and evaluated refering to literature.Results There were three methods including spontaneous lack-of, pituitecto-mized and gene knockout can establish animal models of adult growth hormone deficiency.Conclusions Hypophysecto-mized animal models are inexpensive and easy to create, but not suitable for studying the relationship between growth hor-mone and bone metabolism.Spontaneous lack-of and gene knockout models are specific growth hormone deficiency and of great research significance in exploring the relationship between growth hormone and bone metabolism.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 735-739,后插2, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603003

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish acute peritonitis induced by monosodium urate (MSU) of in mice and observe the significance of mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) expression in the inflammatory processes.Methods The mouse models of acute peritonitis were made by intraperitoneal injection of MSU.Sixty-four male C57BL16 mice were randomly divided into the MSU group which were treated with 0.2 ml of 15 mg/ml MSU solution by i.p.injection and the control group which were treated with 0.2 ml of PBS.Respectively four mice from MSU group and four mice from control group were killed 2 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours 12 hour, 16 hours, 20 hours and 24 hours later and whole blood, peritoneal lavage and peritoneum were collected respectively.Four the mice from the MSU group and four mice from the control group were killed and whole blood, peritoneal lavage and peritoneum were collected.Immunoflourescence study of peritoneum tissues was performed.The levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-18 in plasma and peritoneal lavage were examined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).DNA was extracted from blood and peritoneal lavage, and mtDNA level was detected by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).The data was analyszied by multivariate analysis of variance.Results As compared with those killed at other time points from the MSU groups and the control group, the levels of IL-1β [(27.0±2.0) pg/ml vs (26.8±2.1) pg/ml], IL-18 [(673±454) pg/ml vs(752±495) pg/ml] in plasma and peritoneal lavage were increased progressively in those which were killed after i.p.injection of 2 hours and 4 hours from in the MSU group (F=22.778, P<0.05;F=6.660, P<0.05).The mtDNA in plasma and peritoneal lavage of the mice began to be expressed 4 hours after i.p.injection 4 hours from in the MSU group.The peak level was detected in those i.p.injected MSU 6 hours later [(9.85±4.59)×106 copies, (7.81±3.43)×106 copies].Then 8 hours later the mtDNA began to slowly decreased.At these three time points, the mtDNA were all increased progressively than those at the other time points of the MSN group or at all time points of the control group (F=6.719, P<0.05;F=11.181, P<0.05).By immunoflourescence study, there were neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) were formed 12 hours later in the MSU group and aggregated NETs were found 24 hours later.Conclusion In the inflammatory processes of acute peritonitis induced by MSU of in mice, with the expression of mtDNA increasing, the inflammation is relieved, and aggregated NETs are formed in the end.Expression of mtDNA may be one for the protective factors of the inflammation induced by MSU.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 151-155, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425912

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveInvasive fungal infection(IFI) can be a lethal complication in patients with diffuse connective tissue diseases(DCTD).The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of hospitalized DCTD patients with IFI,and identify the risk factors.MethodsData from 33 DCTD in patients with IFI at Shanghai Renji Hospital between Jan 2007 and Jan 2011 were collected retrospectively.DCTD patients with either active M.tuberculosis (n=33) or other bacterial infections (n=34) at the same period were taken as controls.Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) inpatients with IFI (n=11 ) from Jan 2002 to Dec 2006 were also considered as a historical control group.The method of univariate analysis of data depended on the data distribution type.Variables that suggested association in the univariate analysis P<0.1 were entered into a stepwise logistic regression model.ResultsThe leading underlying diseases of DCTD with IFI were SLE(n=18,55%),systemic vasculitis(n=4,12%),and inflammatory myopathy(n=4,12%).The most frequent pathogen was Candida spp(n=13,39% ),followed by Cryptococcus neoformans(n=10,30% ),and Aspergillus (n=3,9%).The infection locations included lung (n=19,58%),central nervous system (n=9,27% ),and disseminated IFI(n=4,12% ).Six patients(18%) died from IFI.Compared with non-IFI infections,patients with IFI infection had a shorter duration of underlying disease and were exposed to high doses of prednisolone prior to infection.More patients with IFI infection had elevated alanine aminotransferase,higher fasting glucose and lower C-reactive protein levels when compared to patients with non-IFI infections.Compared with the two historical SLE-IFI groups, the short-term survival improved in lupus patients complicated with IFI infection over time(64% vs 83%).ConclusionUnderstanding disease spectrums and risk factors of IFI in DCTD,along with advances in antifungal treatment,will help clinicians to manage those patients with invasive fungal infection effectively to achieve favourable prognosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 671-676, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422663

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical and radiological efficacy of TNFR Ⅱ -Fc combined with methotrexate( MTX ) in treatment of patients with moderate and severe rheumatoid arthritis.MethodsThree hundred and ninty-six RA patients were randomized into the combined treatment group,the TNFR Ⅱ -Fc only group and MTX only group.All patients were treated for 24 weeks.ACR-N,ACR20,ACR50,ACR70,DAS28-ESR and Sharp score of both hands were measured for efficacy,and the side-effects were analyzed by one-way ANOVA.Results After 24-week therapy,the ACR-N of the combined treatment group [( 12.79±9.24)%-year] was significantly improved than that of the TNFR Ⅱ-Fc only group [(9.56±11.16)%-year,P<0.05] and that of the MTX only group[(5.08±11.10)%-year,P<0.05],and the TNFR Ⅱ-Fc group was significantly improved than that of the MTX group(P<0.05).The ACR20 response rate of the combined group(80.4%) was significantly higher than that of the TNFR Ⅱ -Fc group(71.1%,P<0.05) and the MTX group(56.7%,P<0.01 ).The ACRS0 response rate of the combined group(53.6%) was significantly higher than that of the MTX group(30.8%,P<0.01 ).The ACR70 response rate of the combined group was 27.7%,which was significantly different from that of the TNFR Ⅱ -Fc group (15.8%) and MTX group (7.7%,P<0.05or P<0.01 ).DAS28-ESR in the combination group was significantly reduced than those of the TNFR Ⅱ -Fc group and MTX group,and the DAS28-ESR of the TNFR Ⅱ -Fc group was significantly reduced than MTX group.The average total Sharp score of both hands,which demonstrated the radiographic changes,was significantly reduced in the combination group than the MTX group(P=0.03).The total adverse events in the combined group(40.9%) was significantly high than that of the MTX group(28.8%,P<0.05).Conclusion TNFR Ⅱ -Fc combined with MTX can effectively control the activity of RA and radiological progress.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 616-619, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392870

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the method of testing immunoglobulin G (IgG) with Fc sialylation, and to investigate the clinical significance of IgG with Fc sialylation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), especially in those with neuropsychiatric manifestations (NPSLE). Methods Seventy-five SLE including thirty patients with neuropsychiatric manifestations (NPSLE) and forty-five non-NPSLE patients, 30 rheuma-toid arthritis (RA) patients, 32 juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients and 41 healthy controls were recruited in this study. Standard method of testing lgG with Fc sialylation was established by a lectin based sandwiched enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The levels of IgG with Fc sailylation were assayed, and its clinical significance was evaluated. Results There were no difference in the levels of serum IgG with Fc sailylation in RA group (0.82±1.81) mg/ml, JIA group (0.69±1.30) mg/ml, healthy control group (0.64± 1.09) mg/ml, and the levels of IgG with Fc sailylation in SLE group (0.12±0.17) mg/ml (P<0.01), especially in NPSLE group [(0.03±0.03) mg/ml, P<0.01] was significantly lower than that of control groups. The perc-entage of IgG with Fc sialylation in control group (4.64±5.90)% were significantly higher than that in non-NPSLE (1.88±2.16)% (P<0.01) and in NPSLE (0.29±0.47)% (P<0.01). The percentage of IgG with Fc sial-ylation was negatively associated with SLEDAI score (r=-0.43, P<0.01). Conclusion Significantly low level of serum IgG with Fc sialylation was associated with disease activity in SLE patients, especially in NPSLE patients, lgG with Fc sialylation may be a new target for therapeutic strategy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 365-368, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332931

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Ginsenoside Rb(1) on the proliferation of Schwann cells in culture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Applying MTT assay and Thymidine incorporation assay, the effects of Ginsenoside Rb(1) on the proliferation of Schwann cells isolated from the sciatic nerve of adult rat were studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ginsenoside Rb(1) (10 microg/ml) significantly induced Schwann cell proliferation, the effect was similar to NGF (50 microg/ml). At high concentrations of Ginsenoside Rb(1) (1 mg/ml), the proliferation of Schwann cells was significantly inhibited.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ginsenoside Rb(1) at the optimal concentrations is found to be effective in inducing the proliferation of Schwann cells, but at higher concentrations the drug is cytotoxic for Schwann cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Division , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Nerve Regeneration , Probability , Rats , Rats, Inbred Strains , Schwann Cells , Physiology , Sciatic Nerve , Cell Biology , Physiology , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573613

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical significance of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase in RA patients. Methods The level of serum GPI in 100 patients with RA, 98 patients with other rheumatic diseases and 108 normal controls were assessed by sandwich ELISA methods. The level of RF, CRP, anti-CCP antibodies were also assessed in RA patients. Results The level of GPI was higher in RA patients [(2.4?5.0) ?g/ml] than that of normal control group [(0.12?0.14) ?g/ml (P

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590553

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain the recombinant IgE-dependent histamine-releasing factors of Schistosoma japonicum and Clonorchis sinensis (rSjHRF and rCsHRF) and to study the effect of recombinant HRFs to induce histamine release from sensitized rat mast cells. Methods The complete coding regions of SjHRF and CsHRF were cloned separately, and the recombinant plasmids were respectively transformed and expressed in BL21 cells. The soluble recom-binant rSjHRF and rCsHRF were purified. Aliquots of the mast cells obtained from the lungs of OVA-immunized rats were separately incubated with rSjHRF and rCsHRF and the released histamine was measured by the OPT spectrofluorometric procedure. The dose-dependent curves and the kinetics of histamine release induced by rSjHRF and rCsHRF were prepared. Results The recombinant plasmids pET-30-rSjHRF and pET-30-rCsHRF were constructed successfully and the purified soluble recombinant proteins rSjHRF and rCsHRF were obtained by affinity chromatography. rSjHRF and rCsHRF induced histamine release from sensitized mast cells in a dose-dependent manner. At the concentration of 150 mg/L, the average rate of histamine release from sensitized mast cells induced by rSjHRF and rCsHRF were 49.78% and 32.63%, respectively. Histamine release increased with prolonged reaction time and the maximal release occurred at 35min. Conclusion The recombinant parasite-originated IgE-dependent HRFs show an effect of inducing histamine release from sensitized mast cells, suggesting that this protein would play a role in type I hypersensitivity in hosts with parasitic infections.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540614

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of surfactants on conformation of hemoglobin and further to understand the potential impact of surfactants in environment on human health. Methods The changes of the conformation of hemoglobin induced by cation and anion surfactants were investigated with four methods, such as synchronous fluorescence spectra, UV, electrochemistry and atom force microscope. Results The changes of the conformation of hemoglobin induced by anion surfactant were obvious but were not by cation surfactant. Conclusion Sodium lauryl sulphate, an anion surfactant, may change the conformation of hemoglobin.

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