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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 830-839, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980880


BACKGROUND@#The effect of intra-operative chemotherapy (IOC) on the long-term survival of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated the independent effect of intra-operative infusion of 5-fluorouracil in combination with calcium folinate on the survival of CRC patients following radical resection.@*METHODS@#1820 patients were recruited, and 1263 received IOC and 557 did not. Clinical and demographic data were collected, including overall survival (OS), clinicopathological features, and treatment strategies. Risk factors for IOC-related deaths were identified using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. A regression model was developed to analyze the independent effects of IOC.@*RESULTS@#Proportional hazard regression analysis showed that IOC (hazard ratio [HR]=0.53, 95% confidence intervals [CI] [0.43, 0.65], P  < 0.001) was a protective factor for the survival of patients. The mean overall survival time in IOC group was 82.50 (95% CI [80.52, 84.49]) months, and 71.21 (95% CI [67.92, 74.50]) months in non-IOC group. The OS in IOC-treated patients were significantly higher than non-IOC-treated patients ( P  < 0.001, log-rank test). Further analysis revealed that IOC decreased the risk of death in patients with CRC in a non-adjusted model (HR=0.53, 95% CI [0.43, 0.65], P  < 0.001), model 2 (adjusted for age and gender, HR=0.52, 95% CI [0.43, 0.64], P  < 0.001), and model 3 (adjusted for all factors, 95% CI 0.71 [0.55, 0.90], P  = 0.006). The subgroup analysis showed that the HR for the effect of IOC on survival was lower in patients with stage II (HR = 0.46, 95% CI [0.31, 0.67]) or III disease (HR=0.59, 95% CI [0.45, 0.76]), regardless of pre-operative radiotherapy (HR=0.55, 95% CI [0.45, 0.68]) or pre-operative chemotherapy (HR=0.54, 95% CI [0.44, 0.66]).@*CONCLUSIONS@#IOC is an independent factor that influences the survival of CRC patients. It improved the OS of patients with stages II and III CRC after radical surgery.@*TRIAL, ChiCTR 2100043775.

Humans , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Proportional Hazards Models , Prognosis
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 35(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441729


Las neoplasias intraepiteliales córneo-conjuntival son lesiones premalignas, mal delimitadas, de crecimiento lento y escaso potencial de malignización. Solo el 9 por ciento progresa a carcinoma invasor de células escamosas. Posee varias formas de presentación y tiene múltiples dilataciones vasculares. La displasia epitelial corneal primaria es una forma poco frecuente de neoplasia intraepitelial córnea-epitelial. Se presenta un caso clínico confirmado por estudios anatomopatológicos. En el presente estudio se observó respuesta satisfactoria luego de un mes de tratamiento tópico con 5FU, sin efectos colaterales. El seguimiento durante tres años no ha mostrado signos de recidiva(AU)

Corneal-conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasms are premalignant, poorly demarcated, slow-growing lesions with low malignant potential. Only the 9 percent progresses to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. It appears in several forms and presents multiple vascular dilatations. Primary corneal epithelial dysplasia is a rare form of corneal-epithelial intraepithelial neoplasia. We present a clinical case, confirmed by anatomopathologic studies. In the present study we observed a satisfactory response after one month of topical treatment with 5FU, with no side effects. Follow-up for three years has shown no signs of recurrence(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma in Situ/etiology , Microscopy, Confocal/methods , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use
Acta cir. bras ; 37(9): e370901, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402981


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of preoperative intravenous chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil on liver regeneration in an experimental model of major hepatectomy in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were divided into two groups of 20 animals each and submitted to 70% hepatectomy 24 h after intravenous injection of 5-fluorouracil 20 mg/kg (fluorouracil group, FG) or 0.9% saline (control group, CG). After hepatectomy, each group was subdivided into two subgroups of 10 animals each according to the day of sacrifice (24 h or 7 days). Liver weight during regeneration, liver regeneration rate using Kwon formula, and the immunohistochemical markers proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 were used to assess liver regeneration. Results: At early phase (24 h after hepatectomy) it was demonstrated the negative effect of 5-fluorouracil on liver regeneration when assessed by Kwon formula (p < 0.0001), PCNA analysis (p = 0.02). With regeneration process complete (7 days), it was possible to demonstrate the sustained impairment of chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil on hepatocytes regeneration phenomenon when measured by Kwon formula (p = 0.009), PCNA analysis (p = 0.0001) and Ki-67 analysis (0.001). Conclusions: Preoperative chemotherapy with intravenous 5-fluorouracil negatively affected the mechanisms of liver regeneration after major hepatectomy in rats.

Animals , Rats , Chemoprevention/methods , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Hepatectomy/rehabilitation , Liver Regeneration/drug effects
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 56-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936046


Objective: To investigate the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy in patients with initially unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) in order to provide evidence-based medical evidence for formulating individualized treatment strategies for patients. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was used in this study. Clinical data of 232 patients with initially unresectable CRLM receiving first-line systemic treatment in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2013 to January 2020 were collected, including 98 patients of successful conversion and 134 patients of failed conversion as control. Conversion therapy scheme: 38 patients received FOLFOXIRI regimen chemotherapy (irinotecan, oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 152 patients received FOLFOX regimen (oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 19 patients received FOLRIRI regimen (irinotecan, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 23 patients received systemic chemotherapy combined with fluorouridine hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy; 168 patients received targeted therapy, including 68 of bevacizumab and 100 of cetuximab. Logistics analysis was used to compare the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate progression-free survival (PFS), and the Log-rank test was used for survival comparison. Results: Among 232 patients, 98 patients had successful conversions and 134 patients had failed conversions with a successful conversion rate of 42.2%, meanwhile 30 patients underwent simple hepatectomy and 68 underwent hepatectomy combined with intraoperative radiofrequency ablation. After first-line chemotherapy, 111 patients (47.8%) were partial remission, 57 patients (24.6%) were stable disease, and 64 patients (27.6%) were progression disease. During the median follow-up of 18.8 (1.0-87.9) months, 148 patients were dead or with tumor progression. The median PFS time of patients with successful conversion was longer than that of patients with failed conversion (31.0 months vs. 9.9 months, P<0.001). Univariate analysis found that the bilobar distribution of liver tumors (P=0.003), elevated baseline carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (P=0.024), tumor invasion of the portal vein (P=0.001), number of metastatic tumor>8 (P<0.001), non-FOLFOXIRI (P=0.005), and no targeted therapy (P=0.038) were high risk factors for the failed conversion therapy. The results of multivariate logistics analysis indicated that the number of metastatic tumor >8 (OR=2.422, 95%CI: 1.291-4.544, P=0.006), portal vein invasion (OR=2.727, 95%CI: 1.237-4.170, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors for failed conversion therapy, while FOLFOXIRI regimen (OR=0.300, 95%CI: 0.135-0.666, P=0.003) and targeted drugs (OR=0.411, 95%CI: 0.209-0.809, P=0.010) were independent protective factors for successful conversion therapy. Conclusions: The number of metastatic tumor and portal vein invasion are key factors that affect the outcomes of conversion therapy for initially unresectable CRLM. If a patient can tolerate chemotherapy, a combination program of three-drug and targeted therapy is preferred for the active conversion therapy.

Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Camptothecin/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1629-1636, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971345


OBJECTIVES@#Fluorouracil chemotherapeutic drugs are the classic treatment drugs of gastric cancer. But the problem of drug resistance severely limits their clinical application. This study aims to investigate whether hypoxia microenvironment affects gastric cancer resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and discuss the changes of gene and proteins directly related to drug resistance under hypoxia condition.@*METHODS@#Gastric cancer cells were treated with 5-FU in hypoxia/normoxic environment, and were divided into a Normoxic+5-FU group and a Hypoxia+5-FU group. The apoptosis assay was conducted by flow cytometry Annexin V/PI double staining. The real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the expression level of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) which were related to 5-FU drug-resistance. We analyzed the effect of hypoxia on the treatment of gastric cancer with 5-FU.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Normoxic+5-FU group, the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells treated with 5-FU in the Hypoxia+5-FU group was significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the expression of apoptosis promoter protein caspase 8 was also decreased. Compared with the the Normoxic+5-FU group, HIF-1α mRNA expression in the Hypoxia+5-FU group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of MDR1, P-gp and VEGF were also significantly increased (all P<0.05). The increased expression of MDR1, P-gp and VEGF had the same trend with the expression of HIF-1α.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hypoxia is a direct influencing factor in gastric cancer resistance to 5-FU chemotherapy. Improvement of the local hypoxia microenvironment of gastric cancer may be a new idea for overcoming the resistance to 5-FU in gastric cancer.

Humans , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism , Hypoxia , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B/genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 977-983, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942997


Objective: To investigate the effects of radical radiotherapy combined with different chemotherapy regimens (fluorouracil-based versus docetaxel plus cisplatin) on the incidence of radiation intestinal injury and the prognosis in patients with non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to recruit non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma patients who underwent chemoradiotherapy in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and Nanfang Hospital from July 2013 to January 2021. Inclusion criteria: (1) newly diagnosed anal and perianal squamous cell carcinoma; (2) completed radical radiotherapy combined with concurrent chemotherapy; (3) tumor could be evaluated before radiotherapy. Exclusion criteria: (1) no imaging evaluation before treatment, or the tumor stage could not be determined; (2) patients undergoing local or radical resection before radiotherapy; (3) distant metastasis occurred before or during treatment; (4) recurrent anal squamous cell carcinoma. A total of 55 patients (48 from the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and 7 from Nanfang Hospital) were given fluorouracil (the 5-FU group, n=34) or docetaxel combined with the cisplatin (the TP group, n=21). The evaluation of radiation intestinal injury, hematological toxicity and 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate were compared between the two groups. The effects of chemotherapy regimen and other clinicopathological factors on the incidence and severity of acute and chronic radiation intestinal injury were analyzed. The assessment of radiation intestinal injury was based on the American Cancer Radiotherapy Cooperation Group (RTOG) criteria. Results: During radiotherapy and within 3 months after radiotherapy, a total of 45 patients developed acute radiation intestinal injury, including 18 cases of grade 1 (32.7%), 22 cases of grade 2 (40.0%) and 5 cases of grade 3 (9.1%). No patient developed chronic radiation intestinal injury. Among the 34 patients in the 5-FU group, 21 had grade 2-3 radiation intestinal injury (21/34, 61.8%), which was significantly higher than that in the TP group (6/21, 28.6%) (χ(2)=5.723, P=0.017). Multivariate analysis showed that 5-FU chemotherapy regimen was an independent risk factor for radiation intestinal injury (HR=4.038, 95% CI: 1.250-13.045, P=0.020). With a median follow-up period of 26 (5-94) months, the 3-year DFS rate of patients in TP group and 5-FU group was 66.8% and 77.9%, respectively, whose difference was not significant (P=0.478). Univariate analysis showed that the DFS rate was associated with sex, age, tumor location, T stage, N stage, and induction chemotherapy (all P<0.05), while the DFS rate was not associated with chemotherapy regimen or radiation intestinal injury (both P>0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that age ≥ 50 years old was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients (HR=8.301, 95% CI: 1.130-60.996, P=0.038). Conclusions: For patients with non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma, radical radiotherapy combined with TP chemotherapy regimen can significantly reduce the incidence of radiation intestinal injury as compared to 5-FU regimen. However, due to the short follow-up time, the effect of different chemotherapy regimens on the prognosis is not yet clear.

Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Anus Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/radiotherapy , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 473-479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888620


Colorectal cancer is the second most common malignant tumor in China. The FOLFOXIRI regimen, which combines 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan, is a high-intensity and highly effective chemotherapy regimen. However, the original regimen is poorly tolerated in Chinese patients. In order to promote the standardized and rational application of FOLFOXIRI regimen by clinicians in China, "

Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Camptothecin/therapeutic use , China , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Consensus , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Irinotecan/therapeutic use , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Organoplatinum Compounds/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2475-2482, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921116


BACKGROUND@#There is growing evidence that 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) combined with therapeutic trauma can effectively induce skin repigmentation in vitiligo patients who are unresponsive to conventional treatments. Previous studies have mainly focused on identifying the antimitotic activity of 5-FU for the treatment of skin cancer, but few studies have investigated its extra-genotoxic actions favoring melanocyte recruitment.@*METHODS@#We utilized the full thickness excisional skin wound model in Dct-LacZ transgenic mice to dynamically assess the migration of melanocytes in the margins of wounds treated with or without 5-FU. The in-situ expression of CXCL12 was examined in the wound beds using immunofluorescence staining. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analyses were performed to detect the expression levels of CXCL12 mRNA and protein in primary mouse dermal fibroblasts treated with or without 5-FU. Transwell assays and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-phalloidin staining were used to observe cell migration and filamentous actin (F-actin) changes of melan-a murine melanocytes.@*RESULTS@#Whole mount and cryosection X-gal staining showed that the cell numbers of LacZ-positive melanocytes were much higher in the margins of dorsal and tail skin wounds treated with 5-FU compared with the controls. Meanwhile, CXCL12 immunostaining was significantly increased in the dermal compartment of wounds treated with 5-FU (control vs. 5-FU, 22.47 ± 8.85 vs. 44.69 ± 5.97, P < 0.05). Moreover, 5-FU significantly upregulated the expression levels of CXCL12 mRNA (control vs. 5-FU, 1.00 ± 0.08 vs. 1.54 ± 0.06, P < 0.05) and protein (control vs. 5-FU, 1.00 ± 0.06 vs. 2.93 ± 0.10, P < 0.05) in cultured fibroblasts. Inhibition of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis suppressed melanocyte migration in vitro using a CXCL12 small interfering RNA (siRNA) or a CXCR4 antagonist (AMD3100).@*CONCLUSION@#5-FU possesses a pro-pigmentary activity through activation of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis to drive the chemotactic migration of melanocytes.

Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Chemokine CXCL12/genetics , Fibroblasts , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, CXCR4
Rev. invest. clín ; 72(2): 88-94, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251839


ABSTRACT Background: Neoadjuvant therapy, followed by surgery, reduces the risk of local relapse in rectal cancer, but approximately 30% will relapse with distant metastases, highlighting the importance of adjuvant chemotherapy (aCT). Objective: The objective of the study was to study two regimens of adjuvant treatment in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer and analyze their efficacy and toxicity. Methods: Between January 2009 and December 2016, 193 patients with Stage II-III rectal cancer who had received neoadjuvant therapy were included by consecutive non-probability sampling. The decision to administer aCT, as well as the specific regimen, was at the discretion of the medical oncologist. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated. Results: The mean DFS was 84.85 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 79-90) months in 164 patients receiving aCT, compared to 57.71 (95% CI: 40-74) months in 29 who did not receive aCT (p < 0.001). Then, mean OS was 92.7 (95% CI: 88-97) months and 66.18 (95% CI 51-81) months, respectively (p < 0.001). DFS was 83.6 (95% CI: 76-91) months in 74 patients receiving adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and 82.9 (95% CI: 75-90) months in 90 receiving 5-FU plus oxaliplatin (p = 0.49). OS was 87 (95% CI: 80-94) versus 93.65 (95% CI: 88-99) months, respectively (p = 0.76). The multivariate analysis identified aCT hazard ratio (HR) 0.30 (95% CI: 0.1-0.46), perineural invasion HR 3.36 (95% CI: 1.7-6.5), and pathological complete response HR 0.10 (95% CI; 0.01-0.75) as independent markers of DFS. Conclusions: In our study, aCT was associated with longer DFS and OS. 5-FU plus oxaliplatin showed greater toxicity with no added benefit in DFS or OS.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Rectal Neoplasms/mortality , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm Staging
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(5): 363-369, oct. 31, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248086


Objective: Chemotherapy treatment against cancer produce systemic toxicities, among which are those related to important structures of the stomatognathic system and its functional activity. 5 Fluorouracil (5-FU) and cyclophosphamide (Cf) are drugs widely used in solid tumors and in bone marrow transplantation, respectively. The objective of this work was to evaluate the toxicity of these drugs regarding functional activity of the submandibular glands, by measuring the percentage of glycogen consumption in two experimental models. Material and Methods: 84 male Wistar rats aged three months were used, housed in individual cages, with controlled temperature and lighting and ad libitum diet. They were divided into four experimental groups: 1) Control (C); 2) Treated with 5-FU+leucovorin (LV) at 20 and 10mg/Kg of body weight respectively for five consecutive days; 3) treated with Cf i.p. at 50mg/Kg of body weight for two consecutive days; and 4) rats with paired feeding (PF): for five and two days respectively, the amount administered resulted from the average of the ingested food of groups 2 and 3. Both submandibular glands were excised. The submandibular glycogen concentration was analyzed at initial time (t0) and after 60 minutes of mechanical stimulation (t60). Results: the average variation changed significantly between time 0 and 60 in the groups C and PF. (p-value=0.0001), the 5-FU + LV treatment group had an average concentration higher at t0 than groups C and PF, without significant consumption at T60. While group Cf showed a lower average concentration at time 0 with respect to groups C and PF, without significant consumption at T60. Conclusion: 5-FU+LV and Cf affect the metabolism of carbohydrates, decreasing the use of glycogen as a metabolic substrate. In the present experimental model, the toxicity of these drugs affected the functional activity of the submandibular gland.

Objetivo: el tratamiento de quimioterapia contra el cáncer produce toxicidades sistémicas, entre las que se encuentran las relacionadas con estructuras importantes del sistema estomatognático y su actividad funcional. El 5-fluorouracilo (5-FU) y la ciclofosfamida (Cf ) son fármacos ampliamente utilizados en tumores sólidos y en trasplantes de médula ósea, respectivamente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la toxicidad de estos fármacos con respecto a la actividad funcional de las glándulas submandibulares, midiendo el porcentaje de consumo de glucógeno en dos modelos experimentales. Material y Métodos: se utilizaron 84 ratas Wistar machos de tres meses de edad, alojadas en jaulas individuales, con temperatura e iluminación controladas y dieta ad libitum. Se dividieron en cuatro grupos experimentales: 1) Control (C); 2) Tratados con 5-FU+leucovorina (LV) a 20 y 10mg/Kg de peso corporal, respectivamente, durante cinco días consecutivos; 3) tratados con Cf i.p. a 50mg/Kg de peso corporal durante dos días consecutivos; y 4) ratas con alimentación por parejas (PF): durante cinco y dos días respectivamente, la cantidad administrada resultó del promedio de los alimentos ingeridos de los grupos 2 y 3. Ambas glándulas submandibulares fueron extirpadas. La concentración de glucógeno submandibular se analizó en el momento inicial (t0) y después de 60 minutos de estimulación mecánica (t60). Resultados: la variación promedio cambió significativamente entre el tiempo 0 y 60 en los grupos C y PF. (p=0,0001), el grupo de tratamiento 5-FU+LV tuvo una concentración promedio más alta en t0 que los grupos C y PF, sin un consumo significativo en T60. Mientras que el grupo Cf mostró una concentración promedio más baja en el tiempo 0 con respecto a los grupos C y PF, sin un consumo significativo en T60. Conclusión: 5-FU + LV y Cf afectan el metabolismo de los carbohidratos, disminuyendo el uso de glucógeno como sustrato metabólico. En el presente modelo experimental, la toxicidad de estos medicamentos afectó la actividad funcional de la glándula submandibular.

Animals , Rats , Submandibular Gland/physiology , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Glycogen/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents
São Paulo med. j ; 137(5): 438-445, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1059106


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Management of rectal cancer has become more complex with multimodality therapy (neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery) and this has led to the need to organize multidisciplinary teams. The aim of this study was to report on the planning, implementation and evaluation of an integrated care pathway for neoadjuvant treatment of middle and lower rectal cancer. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a cross-sectional post-implementation study that was carried out at a public university cancer center. METHODS: The Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was used to identify resources and activities; link results from activities and outcomes with expected goals; and originate indicators and outcome measurements. RESULTS: The logic model identified four activities: stakeholders' engagement, clinical pathway development, information technology improvements and training programs; and three categories of outcomes: access to care, effectiveness and organizational outcomes. The measurements involved 218 patients, among whom 66.3% had their first consultation within 15 days after admission; 75.2% underwent surgery < 14 weeks after the end of neoadjuvant treatment and 72.7% completed the treatment in < 189 days. There was 100% adherence to the protocol for the regimen of 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin. CONCLUSIONS: The logic model was useful for evaluating the implementation of the integrated care pathways and for identifying measurements to be made in future outcome studies.

Humans , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Program Evaluation/methods , Critical Pathways/standards , Neoadjuvant Therapy/standards , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Brazil , Program Evaluation/standards , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Logistic Models , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Combined Modality Therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 372-376, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019436


ABSTRACT Purpose: We evaluated the role of the conjunctival flap rotation technique using 5-fluorouracil and adjuvant therapy with topical cyclosporine A at 0.05% during short pre- and postoperative periods for the prevention of primary pterygium recurrence. Methods: In this prospective study, 76 patients with primary pterygium (76 eyes) were categorized into two groups: the control group with 31 patients who did not receive cyclosporine treatment, and the cyclosporine group with 45 patients who received topical cyclosporine A (0.05%) twice a day, for 10 days before and 10 days after the pterygium excision operations. Patients were examined for disease recurrence, side effects, and complications at 10 and 21 days, and at 2 and 6 months after the operation. Data on demography, systemic diseases, and ophthalmologic histories were obtained from all patients, and these data were analyzed using descriptive statistics involving the absolute and relative percentages of frequency distribution. Goodman test was used for contrasts among multinomial populations to study the association between cyclosporine A and recurrence. Results: Most patients were between 30 and 60 years of age, and 67.1% were women. We confirmed a higher recurrence in patients with occupational sunlight exposure. The cyclosporine A used topically 10 days before and 10 days after the pterygium removal did not significantly reduce the recurrence of the pterygium. Conclusion: Topical 0.05% cyclosporine A when used for 10 days before and 10 days after the pterygium removal does not prevent or reduce the recurrence of primary pterygium.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliamos os resultados da técnica de rotação de retalho conjuntival com uso de 5-fluorouracil e terapia adjuvante com ciclosporina A tópica a 0,05%, usada no pré e pós-operatório por curto período, quanto à prevenção da recidiva do pterígio primário Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, com 76 pacientes portadores de pterígio primário (76 olhos), divididos em dois grupos: controle com 31 pacientes que não receberam tratamento com ciclosporina e grupo ciclosporina com 45 pacientes que receberam ciclosporina tópica A (0,05%) duas vezes ao dia, por 10 dias antes e 10 dias após a cirurgia de excisão do pterígio. Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à recorrência, efeitos colaterais e complicações com 10, 21 dias, 2 e 6 meses de pós-operatório. Dados demográficos, doenças sistêmicas e histórico oftalmológico foram coletados de todos os pacientes e esses dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva envolvendo o percentual absoluto e relativo de distribuição de frequência. O teste de Goodman para contrastes entre populações multinomiais foi utilizado para o estudo da associação entre a ciclosporina A e a recorrência Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes tinha entre 30 e 60 anos e 67,1% eram mulheres. Confirmamos uma maior recorrência em pacientes com exposição ocupacional ao sol. A ciclosporina A tópica utilizada 10 dias antes e 10 dias após a remoção do pterígio não reduziu significativamente a sua recorrência Conclusão: A ciclosporina A tópica a 0,05% quando utilizada por 10 dias no pré e 10 dias no pós-operatório, não previne ou reduz a recidiva do pterígio primário significativamente.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pterygium/prevention & control , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Conjunctiva/abnormalities , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Ophthalmic Solutions/administration & dosage , Postoperative Care , Recurrence , Surgical Flaps , Preoperative Care , Pterygium/surgery , Pterygium/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Combined Modality Therapy , Conjunctiva/surgery , Corneal Diseases/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(2): e2019087, Abr.-Jun. 2019. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015059


The combination of cisplatin and gemcitabine is the standard first-line treatment of metastatic biliary tract cancer (BTC) patients. The benefit of second-line chemotherapy in these patients is controversial. This study aims to evaluate the activity of FOLFIRI (fluorouracil and irinotecan) after failure to the first-line platinum and gemcitabine-based chemotherapy in metastatic BTC patients. We present a single-institution, retrospective cohort study. Patients with locally advanced or metastatic BTC who progressed after at least one line of chemotherapy, consecutively treated at our Institution between 2007 and 2017 were included. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS), and the secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), clinical benefit rate (CBR) and safety profile of FOLFIRI. Twelve patients were included in the analysis, with a median follow up of 5 months (95% CI 2.77-7.20). The median number of cycles received was 3 (range 1 to 9). Four grade 3 toxicities were recorded; no grade 4 toxicities and no treatment-related deaths occurred. The median PFS was 1.7 months (95% CI; 0.66-2.67), and median OS was 5 months (95% CI; 2.77-7.20). Two patients presented stable disease, providing a CBR of 17%. We concluded that FOLFIRI presented a favorable toxicity profile and a modest activity in metastatic BTC patients who had progressed to platinum and gemcitabine and may be considered in patients who are able to tolerate additional lines of chemotherapy. Immunotherapy and targeted therapies selected according to the tumoral genomic profile are promising alternatives to improve the outcomes of second-line treatment in BTC.

Humans , Biliary Tract Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Irinotecan/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Metastasis/drug therapy
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(4): e2018049, Oct.-Dec. 2018. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-986574


5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), in combination with other cytotoxic drugs, is commonly used to treat a variety of cancers. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) catalyzes the first catabolic step of the 5-FU degradation pathway, converting 80% of 5-FU to its inactive metabolite. Approximately 0.3% of the population demonstrate complete DPD deficiency, translating to extreme toxicity of 5-FU. Here we present a case of a patient who had a fatal outcome after treatment with 5-FU who was found to have an unknown DPD deficiency discovered at autopsy.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Deficiency/pathology , Fluorouracil/toxicity , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Autopsy , Fatal Outcome , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/pathology , Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Deficiency/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Lymph Nodes
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(1): e2018005, Jan.-Mar. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-905466


Chemotherapy is considered "state of the art" for the treatment of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms. Unfortunately, there is no standard effective post-first-line treatment for relapsing high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. We report the case of a patient with a gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma stage IV, with massive gastrointestinal bleeding at diagnosis. After the first line of platin-based chemotherapy a major tumoral response was documented, but the patient relapsed after 4 months. A second line of chemotherapy treatment was given, with the FOLFOX regimen, and the patient has been free of progression for almost 2 years. There is no second-line standard treatment accepted for this type of carcinoma, but 5-fluorouracil combined with oxaliplatin showed interesting antitumor activity.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Neuroendocrine Tumors/drug therapy , Organoplatinum Compounds/therapeutic use , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Metastasis , Reference Standards , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 27(4): 294-301, out.-dez. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-879474


A concomitância de doença arterial coronariana e câncer é uma apresentação frequente na prática da cardiologia. Além de compartilharem os mesmos fatores de risco para seu desenvolvimento e, portanto, os mesmos grupos demográficos, a toxicidade vascular da quimioterapia e da radioterapia torna mais alta a incidência da doença no grande grupo de sobreviventes do câncer. No ciclo do tratamento oncológico, a ocorrência de eventos cardíacos maiores, secundários ou não à cardiotoxicidade, é determinante de alteração ou interrupção de tratamento, com efeito importante na sobrevida. O objetivo da assistência especializada é retornar o paciente ao tratamento o mais precocemente possível e, na fase tardia, evitar a morte por doença cardiovascular. As peculiaridades da apresentação da doença coronariana e do diagnóstico e tratamento percutâneo são aqui discutidas

Concomitant coronary artery disease and cancer is a common presentation in current cardiovascular practice. Besides sharing the same risk factors for their development, and accordingly, the same demographic groups, vascular toxicity from chemotherapy and radiotherapy make the incidence of the disease higher in the large group of cancer survivors. During the cancer treatment cycle, the occurrence of major cardiac events, whether due to cardiotoxicity or not, is responsible for changes or interruption of treatment, with important effects on survival. The goal of specialized care is to return the patient to treatment as early as possible and in the later phase, to avoid death from cardiovascular disease. The specific characteristics of coronary disease and percutaneous diagnosis and treatment are discussed here

Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Drug Therapy/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Neoplasms/physiopathology , Neoplasms/therapy , Risk Factors , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Angioplasty/methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Myocardial Infarction
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 131-136, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838789


ABSTRACT In this systematic review, we evaluated studies involving adjuvant and primary topical treatment for ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN). The findings were: (i) adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) reduces the risk of relapse after surgical excision with mild side effects [level Ib, grade of recommendation (GR) A]. (ii) Primary topical mitomycin (MMC) produces a high rate of complete response, low recurrence rate, and mild side effects (level Ib, GR A). (iii) Primary chemotherapy versus adjuvant chemotherapy produce similar rates of recurrence, with no significant difference (level IIb, GR B). (iv) Adjuvant 5-FU versus MMC showed no significant differences, with mild side effects in both groups and a better toxicity profile for MMC (level III, GR C). (v) Primary topical 5-FU versus MMC versus interferon (IFN) showed similar rates of tumor recurrence, mild side effects for all drugs, and more severe side effects in the 5-FU arm, followed successively by MMC and IFN (level III, GR C).

RESUMO Revisão sistemática envolvendo estudos sobre o tratamento adjuvante e tratamento tópico primário para a neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular. Os resultados foram: (i) 5-fluorouracil adjuvante reduziu o risco de recidiva após a excisão cirúrgica com efeitos colaterais leves (nível Ib, Grau de recomendação (GR) A). (ii) Mitomicina tópica primária produziu uma alta taxa de resposta completa, baixa taxa de recorrência e efeitos colaterais leves (nível Ib, GR A). (iii) Quimioterapia primária versus adjuvante produz taxas semelhantes de recorrência (nível IIb, GR B). (iv) 5- 5-FU versus mitomicina adjuvante não mostrou diferenças significativas nas taxas de recorrencia, com efeitos coalterais leves em ambos os grupos e melhor perfil de toxicidade para mitomicina (nível III, GR C). (v) 5- 5-FU tópico primário versus mitomicina ou interferon (INF) apresentam taxa similar de recorrência, com efeito colateral leve, mas com maior incidencia no braço 5- 5-FU, seguido pela Mitomicina e IFN (nível III, GR C).

Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/drug therapy , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Corneal Diseases/drug therapy , Eye Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Recurrence , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Administration, Topical , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods , Conjunctival Neoplasms/drug therapy , Conjunctival Neoplasms/therapy , Corneal Diseases/therapy , Eye Neoplasms/therapy , Interferon alpha-2 , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 36(4): 143-149, dic. 2016. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145235


El virus del papiloma humano (VPH) es una de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual más comunes. Puede afectar tanto el aparato genital masculino y femenino, como también el área perianal, ano, y diversas áreas de cabeza y cuello y otorrinolaringológicas, ya sea como lesiones benignas o como promotor de lesiones malignas. Las lesiones benignas por VPH en genitales masculinos se caracterizan fundamentalmente por la aparición de lesiones verrugosas, aunque también puede manifestarse mediante lesiones planas atípicas. En algunos casos hay ausencia de lesiones macroscópicamente visibles que pueden hacerse evidentes con la prueba de ácido acético. La biopsia de la lesión, su evaluación anatomopatológica y, sobre todo, la determinación de la existencia y el tipo de virus involucrado mediante PCR (reacción en cadena de la polimerasa) permiten confirmar el diagnóstico. En algunas ocasiones es necesario realizar una cistoscopia para diagnosticar lesiones intrauretrales y vesicales. Los tratamientos propuestos son muy variados y de eficacia dispar, desde las topicaciones y la electrocirugía o la criocirugía, hasta el empleo de la tecnología láser. La prevención con el uso de protección durante el acto sexual así como la educación sexual son fundamentales. En los últimos 10 años se ha implementado el uso de la vacuna para el VPH en niñas con el fin de disminuir la incidencia de lesiones de alto grado y de cáncer de cuello uterino, pero su indicación en varones es menos clara y aún no ha sido consensuada. (AU)

Human papiloma virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexual transmitted diseases. It can affect the male genitalia, as well as the perianal and anal regions and multiple areas of the head and neck and otorhinolaryngological structures, as benign lesiones or as a promoter of malignant lesions. Benign male genitalia lesions are characterized mainly by verrucous lesions, although flat atypical lesions can be found, as well as the abscence of macroscopic visible lesions that in some cases can become evident using the acetic acid test. Lesion biopsy, its histological evaluation, and the determination of the existence and type of virus using PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) can confirm the diagnosis. In some cases is necessary to do a cistoscopy to diagnose intraurethral and vesical lesions. Proposed treatments are varied and with a wide range of efficacy, from topications to electro or cryosurgery, and the use of laser technology. Sexual education and the use of sexual protection are essential in prevention. In the last 10 years the use of VPH vaccine in girls was widely spread, in order to decrease the incidence of high grade lesions and cervix cancer. Its indication in male patients is less clear and not yet consented among specialists. (AU)

Humans , Male , Papillomavirus Infections/therapy , Reproductive Tract Infections/therapy , Podophyllin/therapeutic use , Podophyllotoxin/therapeutic use , Sex Education , Trichloroacetic Acid/therapeutic use , Condylomata Acuminata/etiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Condoms , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/drug therapy , Alphapapillomavirus/pathogenicity , Papillomavirus Vaccines/therapeutic use , Laser Therapy , Reproductive Tract Infections/diagnosis , Reproductive Tract Infections/etiology , Reproductive Tract Infections/pathology , Reproductive Tract Infections/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Lidocaine/therapeutic use
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 153-157, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172539


Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a very rare condition, and even rarer in patients with history of cancer. A 70-year old woman with a history of breast cancer was admitted with abdominal pain and distention. Abdominal computed tomography revealed ascites collection, diffuse engorgement and infiltration of the mesenteric vessel, suggesting peritonitis or peritoneal carcinomatosis. Diagnostic paracentesis was attempted several times, but a sufficient specimen could not be collected due to the thick and gelatinous nature of the ascites. Therefore, the patient underwent diagnostic laparoscopy for tissue biopsy of the peritoneum, which indicated pseudomyxoma peritonei. However, the origin of the pseudomyxoma peritonei could not be identified intraoperatively due to adhesions and large amount of mucoceles. Systemic chemotherapy was performed using Fluorouracil, producing some symptomatic relief. After discharge, abdominal pain and distention gradually worsened, so at 18 months after initial diagnosis the patient received palliative surgery based on massive mucinous ascites and palpable mass at the omentum. The patient expired after surgery due to massive bleeding.

Aged , Female , Humans , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Ascites , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Colonoscopy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Laparoscopy , Peritoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Peritoneum/pathology , Pseudomyxoma Peritonei/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed